How Many Stitches Are On A Major League Baseball

How Many Stitches Are on a Baseball – Baseball Stitches History

A Major League Baseball is made up of a total of 108 double stitches, with the start and last stitches being buried on the ball. This indicates that a total of 216 stitches are used to cover the seams of the ball. Two figure-8 patterns of cowhide covering pieces of cloth are sewed together before the ball is sent through a rolling machine to even out the stitching and make it more uniform in size. The actual stitches are made with a waxy red thread, which is now standard for every baseball in the Major League Baseball today.

Why are Baseball Stitches Red?

Traditionally, the red threads on a baseball have been used to aid batters in picking up the spin from a pitcher’s toss, although those stitches have not always been used in this manner. Initially, baseballs in the Major League Baseball (MLB) featured black and red laces in the National League in the early 1900s. During the same period, red and blue laces were used on baseballs in the American League. It wasn’t until 1934 that professional baseballs were uniformly stitched with a red line through the middle of each ball.

What are the Stitches on a Baseball Called?

The stitches on a Major League Baseball are referred to as virgules in this context. Baseballs are hand-sewn, and there are a total of 216 stitches on a baseball, which is the most in the world. Each thread is double stitched, and the start and last stitches are buried between the first and last stitches.

What is the Purpose of Baseball Stitches?

The goal of putting stitches on a baseball is to allow pitchers to throw a variety of pitches to batters more effectively. They can alter the trajectory of their pitches by gripping the ball in a different manner on or across the baseball seams. It is possible for a pitch to break or drop as it approaches a batter because of the spin the ball generates against the air. Curveballs, sinkers, splitters, and sliders are some of the pitches that pitchers may throw by holding the ball in a different way than they do with the other throws.

Who is the Official Baseball Manufacture of the MLB?

Rawlings Sporting Goods is the official baseball manufacturer of the Major League Baseball organization. In Costa Rica, a company called Rawlings Sporting Goods has the sole right to produce baseballs for use in professional baseball competitions. Even though different ball materials are shipped to the production factory from all over the world, all stitching and assembly is done in Costa Rica.

What is a Baseball Made Out Of?

A baseball is composed of three basic parts: the core, the middle (which is made of poly/cotton), and the outer. The rubber core of a ball is made up of a cushioned cork center with a red rubber covering the core, which is the first section of the ball. The second feature is the midsection of the ball, which is covered entirely by two figure-8 designs made of cowhide leather that run the length of the ball. Third, there is the exterior of the ball, which is the sewing process, which is indicated by the red stitches on the ball.

Because of the accuracy that may be achieved with a hand, most baseballs are sewn by hand rather than by machine. After the stitching is completed, the ball is sent through a rolling machine to eliminate any soft patches or abnormalities that may have developed on the ball.

How Much Does a Baseball Weigh?

The average weight of a Major League Baseball ball is between 5 and 5.25 ounces. The reason for the wide variety of weights is due to the diverse materials used to construct the ball. You may expect the ball to weigh between 4 and 5 ounces if you are playing in a small league.

A Brief History of Baseballs

Baseballs came in a variety of sizes, weights, and shapes from a variety of manufacturers during the 1800s. During the early days of baseball, pitchers would make their own balls, which were known as lemon peel balls. The phrase “lemon peel balls” was coined because of the bumpy and rough outer look of the balls, as well as their various sizes. It wasn’t until 1876 that a baseball that was one size fits all was introduced for all players to use. Baseballs were originally constructed of horsehide until 1974, when they were switched to cowhide.

Spalding, a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox, was successful in persuading the National League of Professional Baseball Clubs to use his baseballs during games.

Spalding became the official baseball, and it remained a component of the game until its discontinuation in 1976.

While Rawlings’ facilities are based in Costa Rica, the balls are transported to the United States of America for use in games there.

Special Baseballs

Major League Baseball features commemorative balls that are used to mark noteworthy occasions during the season. The Home Run Derby, the All-Star Game, the World Series, and any other major event are examples of exceptional conditions. You will see a stamp someplace on the baseball to indicate that it is being used for that particular event in order to make the ball stand out. The majority of the markings are concentrated in the sweet area of the baseball. It is possible that different color stitching will be used for All-Star games at other periods.

How often are Baseballs Replaced During a Game

During the course of a game, the typical baseball receives around two pitches of life, according to a report by Fox Sports in 2012. Every day, over one hundred baseballs are used in a professional match, for a total of over one thousand baseballs. As a result, you might be wondering why so many balls are required for a ball game. Because foul balls or home runs hit with a baseball bat that land in the bleachers during a baseball game do not return, the number of balls played per game increases as a result.

  • When a pitcher throws the ball into the dirt, the umpire can examine the play to determine if the ball should still be in play.
  • A baseball that quits the game for any reason will not be able to return for the course of the game.
  • Ray Chapman was struck in the head by a baseball during a game at the Polo Grounds in 1920.
  • He passed away shortly after being forced to leave the game due to a head injury.

As games progressed into later innings, you encountered baseballs that were difficult to see owing to their filthy condition. By switching out baseballs regularly throughout games today, you may provide players and viewers with a better view of the ball as it approaches them.

Famous Baseball Balls Sold Via Auctions

Throughout the history of Major League Baseball, there have been a slew of legendary baseballs that have been collected by fans. Some of the greatest baseballs in history include those from renowned players such as Babe Ruth, while others are the property of spectators who interacted with the ball during games. The following is a list of some of the most notable baseball players in the history of the game.

  • During an auction, the ball from Mark McGwire’s 70th home run during the 1998 season sold for $3.2 million
  • A Babe Ruth 1933 All-Star Game Home Run Ball sold for $805,000
  • Barry Bonds’ 756th home run to become the all-time home run leader sold for over $750,000 via an auction
  • Barry Bonds’ 73rd home run in the 2001 season to set the single-season home run record sold for $517,500
  • Hank Aaron’s 755th Home Run In exchange, the New York Yankees provided the fan with Yankees memorabilia worth $70,000, courtesy of the team. As a result of his wonderful gesture, the fan was able to meet Derek Jeter and other members of the Yankees’ staff.

How Many Stitches are on a Softball?

Many folks are curious as to how many stitches there are on a softball. The stitch count on a regulation-size softball is 88 stitches per inch of ball diameter.

Conclusion

We discussed how many stitches a baseball has, why the stitches are red, who creates the baseball, and other topics throughout this article. Baseball stitching is mostly done by hand, but it is eventually transferred to a machine to smooth out any inconsistencies. In order for pitches to vary the trajectory of their pitches to a batter, stiches are placed on a baseball for this reason. Next time you catch a baseball in the stands, take a moment to look at each red stitching and observe how much detail has been included into the design of that baseball.

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How Many Stitches on a Baseball-8 Fun Facts about a Baseball

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How Many Stitches on a Baseball?

Stitching is, without a question, an important component of a baseball since it not only helps the ball soar into the sky by altering its trajectory, but it also allows the hitter to see the ball more clearly, resulting in a more exciting baseball game for everyone involved. You’re all interested to know how many stitches are in a baseball, right? I’ll get back to you as soon as I can.

It has a total of 108 double stitches, which is the equal of 216 individual stitches. Typically, the stitches are produced by hand with a typical 88-inch waxed thread, and the start and last threads are usually not visible when the stitching is completed. Related:

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Stitching the Baseball Together

The cushioned pill serves as the center of the baseball, the wool and poly/cotton windings serve as the middle, and the cowhide exterior serves as the outside shell of the baseball. The design of the structure The pill has a sphere-shaped body with a diameter of approximately 13/16 inches (2.06 centimeters). Cork and rubber are frequently used in the construction of the substance. There are actually two layers of rubber between the spherical and the rest of the container. The inner layer of the ball is made up of two black rubber shells, while the outside layer is made up of red rubber, as seen in the image.

  1. The cowhide covering that serves as the baseball surface is separated into three sections: These parts are not permanently attached to the ball’s surface by use of staples.
  2. To ensure a smooth sewing operation, the cowhide must be dipped in a solution first.
  3. The cowhide is then sewn together by the employees using a waxed red thread that is 88 inches in length.
  4. To guarantee that no spots appear on the baseball at the Major League Baseball (MLB) level, the red stitches are kept at a temperature that is appropriate for the baseball.

How Long Does Hand Stitching Take?

Baseball is the result of hard preparation and sustained work. You must devote a significant amount of time to your labor if you want to produce a high-quality baseball. In order to complete the stitching procedure, employees must spend roughly 15 to 20 minutes by hand sewing the baseball to the baseball. Following the hand-stitching procedure, the baseball is placed in a rolling machine in order to smooth off any raised threads on the surface of the baseball.

History of Baseball Stitching

In baseball, meticulousness and tremendous effort are rewarded with success. You must devote a significant amount of time to your labor if you want to produce a high-grade baseball. Employees must spend around 15 to 20 minutes sewing the baseball by hand, simply for the stitching procedure alone. Through order to smooth off the raised threads on the baseball’s surface after it has been manually stitched, it is placed in a rolling machine.

Why Are Baseball Stitches Red?

What is the reason for the red baseball stitches? In reality, there have been a slew of hypotheses thrown about in response to this topic. This question has an obvious solution, but it’s worth going back in time to see what the most likely response is. When baseball was first introduced in the United States in the early 1900s, there was a noticeable difference in the stitching between the American League and the National League. Unlike the American League, which utilized blue and red threads, the National League employed black and red stitches instead.

During the early 1900s, however, natural cowhide-colored stitching were the most commonly seen.

Because red was already being utilized by the two leagues when the MLB announced the official red standard, they did away with black and blue and instead went with red as the most noticeable hue.

Since of this, the gloves of a pitcher should not be white because doing so would cause distraction, preventing the hitter from having an unobstructed view of the approaching pitch when it is needed.

What is the Cost for New Baseballs Every Year?

Perhaps the most onerous expenditure for Major League Baseball would be the amount of balls necessary for a whole 162-game season, excluding playoff and World Series games, would be the number of balls required for an entire season. Every one of the 30 major league clubs plays a total of 2,430 games in a season, which is the most in the world. Rawlings is a baseball manufacturer that produces around 960,000 baseballs each year for league play. With an average cost of $6.79 per ball in Major League Baseball, the annual cost of new baseballs for the league is approximately $8.56 million, assuming an average cost of $6.79 per ball.

Every nine-inning game requires the usage of around 100 balls, resulting in the League spending over $1000.00 on baseball alone for each game on an annual basis.

Why are Baseballs Replaced Over the Course of a Ballgame?

Despite the fact that baseballs are expensive, they must be replaced on a regular basis during a game. When it comes to changing the ball, it’s important to keep the following considerations in mind. First and foremost, when a ball is tipped off the bat or struck into the stands, it is considered a foul ball and forfeited. Additionally, when the ball makes contact with infield dirt, which affects ball movement, it is important to alter the ball. Finally, when the umpire exercises his or her discretion, the ball must be replaced.

Manufacturers

Multiple baseball manufacturers are presently supplying items that are not only exceptional in terms of design and quality, but are also well-regarded for their unbeatable price range. Because of this, you will have a wide variety of things to pick from that will meet your interests and requirements. Despite the fact that the list of baseball manufacturers appears to go on indefinitely, there are certain reliable brands to consider, such Anchor Brand, J. C Higgins, J.H. Grady, Tober, Red Goose Shoes, Bon-Tober Sporting Goods, and other well-known names in the industry.

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In conclusion

You are aware of the number of stitches that are present on a baseball, aren’t you?” It has a total of 216 distinct stitches, to be precise. Please forward this information along to your friends. I’m sure they’ll be completely taken aback when they learn about this. Finally, thank you for taking the time to read this.

Where to buy baseballs?

It is available for purchase on Amazon.

The Complicated History of Baseball Stitching Machines

As the Texas Rangers take on the San Francisco Giants in the 2010 World Series, the 106th version of the most American of championship series, we’re taking a look back at some of the most important moments in the history of technology. This is not the place to express support for a particular club, but rather to commemorate one of the most fundamental components of the game – the baseball – as well as the surprisingly difficult history of attempts to mass produce it. The Major League Baseball website states that a professional baseball is only good for an average of six pitches before it must be thrown away.

  • 500 balls, to be exact.
  • Henry Ford would have nightmares if he heard that piece of news.
  • In October, the Smithsonian Collections Blog hosted a 31-day Blogathon in support of the American Archives.
  • Month, and it was reproduced on the “O Say Can You See?” blog of the National Museum of American History.
  • She wrote it with the help of Alison Oswald, who works as an archivist at the museum’s Archives Center.
  • Baseball Covers and Stitching: An Ingenious Undercover Invention October is a special month for baseball lovers all across the world.
  • With all of the discussion about pennant races, batting statistics, and potential deals, it’s difficult to stay away from baseball.

An experimental baseball stitching machine built by the United Shoe Machinery Corporation (USMC) of Beverly, Massachusetts, has a fascinating but little-known backstory that deserves to be told.

I was completely mistaken.

I dug a little more and learned that the baseball cover stitching technique has proven to be resistant to automation for many years.

On May 1, 1905, the United Shoe Machinery Corporation was established as the official name of the newly formed corporation.

With this merger, patents that were in conflict with one another were deleted, while patents that were complementary to one another were placed under the ownership of United, allowing for their rapid combining in a single machine or process.

Following the 1899 merger, United expanded at a quick pace.

It had also secured control of branch firms in other nations.

Using the company’s machine technology competence, USMC expanded its product line into other areas of development in order to broaden its customer base.

A large number of EX files, also known as “experimental files,” are contained within the collection.

Specifically, the files include all phases of an experimental project, from ideation to the experimental working out of issues to the ultimate decision on whether or not to proceed with the idea for commercial production.

This is especially true since they demonstrate how the Division works in close collaboration and interaction with the company’s Patent Department.

Starting as early as 1949, the business conducted three tests to develop a baseball stitching machine: the EX 16002, the EX 16116, and the EX 16279, all of which were successful.

“To design a suitable baseball covering equipment for mechanizing to the maximum feasible degree both sections of the existing discretionary hand lasting-lacing process,” according to a job request dated July 11, 1950, was the goal of the trial projects.

The ball begins as a circular cushioned cork center, known as a “pill,” and is then tightly wrapped in windings of wool and polyester/cotton yarn before being covered with stitched cowhide to complete the look.

Each ball has 108 threads in the cowhide leather, and each one is stitched by hand by a skilled artisan.

Indeed, from July 1950 to November 1961, the overall cost of the project was $343,000, which included both labor and materials.

It cost 15 to 20 cents each ball to lace a ball, and the average production rate was five to six balls per hour.

In the beginning, the work order EX 16116 was opened in order to research and model the work that would be required to demonstrate a process for preparing baseballs prior to stitching.

Abel of the United States Marine Corps Research Division dated December 5, 1949, “Until recently, relatively little thought had been given to the automation of the conditioning and preparation of baseball covers prior to machine sewing them (this being the case both inside and outside the company).

  • Previous automated machines had two fundamental flaws: they were unable to start or stop the stitching process without the help of a human operator, and they were unable to alter the tension of the stitching.
  • During the year 1955, formal design and detailing were undertaken in order to overcome existing technical challenges and to document, in drawing form, many pieces of equipment that were required to achieve the overall goal.
  • Because of this, we are lucky to have this documentation available at the Archives Center.
  • Sidney J.
  • Haas, and Joseph Fossa were among the group of “inventive people” that were involved in the development of the product.
  • In January 1949, W.W.
  • Haas’s prior work included baseball sewed coverings (US Patent 2,840,024) and an apparatus for sewing the edges of a baseball together (US Patent 2,840,025).

Among the many patents held by Joseph Fossa were methods for spheriphying baseballs (US Patent 3,178,917) and methods of assembling baseballs by sewing the cover pieces together (US Patent 3,179,075).

Many baseball producers, including A.G.

de Beer and Son, MacGregor, Wilson, Lannon Manufacturing, George Young, and Tober Baseball Manufacturing Company, were aware of the United States Marine Corps’ efforts to develop a stitching machine for baseballs.

The experimental work orders were terminated due to a lack of interest on the part of these baseball producers (at the time, the baseball industry was not sufficiently structured to support the creation of a machine) and unsolved difficulties by the company’s engineers, among other reasons.

Bliss, Planning Director of the USMC, wrote to R.B.

Despite the fact that the economics at the time were favorable, the company was unable to justify spending additional funds on the project.

Baseballs are still stitched entirely by hand.

(now a division of Jarden Team Sports) in Costa Rica has an exclusive arrangement with the Major League Baseball to manufacture “professional” baseballs for the organization.

Although attempts to automate the process of sewing cowhide coverings on baseballs have been attempted in the past, none of them have proven successful.

Bateman of the United States Marine Corps stated that “we have a long, long way to go before a commercial piece of equipment is given to the trade.” We’ve been waiting for quite some time.

Currently, Alison Oswald works as an archivist at the National Museum of American History, in the Archives Center.

A baseball card of Willie Mays from around the year 1955.

Korda Collection of Sports and Trading Cards; 2.

Finn in March 1949, courtesy of the Ronald S. Korda Collection of Sports and Trading Cards. Don Hamm created the illustration. United Shoe Machinery Company Records, Box 105A, Folder 2. United Shoe Machinery Company Records, Box 105A, Folder 2.

How Many Stitches are on a Baseball? 108 or 216 Stitches?

A Major League official baseball has a total of 216 single stitches, which is the total number of stitches in a baseball (108 double stitches). As a result, there are 108 single stitches on each side of the ball. But does it really make a difference how many stitches are on a baseball bat? Yes, without a doubt. In a baseball, the specified number of stitches indicates that the ball has been manufactured to the proper dimensions and that the ball has been constructed for aerodynamic perfection.

Finally, the number of stitches in a Major League Baseball game is unquestionably consistent with the principles of physics.

How Does the Number of Stitches Affect Baseball Performance

The number of stitches on a Major League Baseball baseball affects the flight performance of the ball by affecting its drag and Magnus effect. The following is an explanation of how these occurrences occur:

1. Air Drag

A ball’s resistance to motion is increased as a result of the roughness provided by the baseball stitching on its surface. As a result, the ball’s air drag during professional baseball games is only marginally reduced. Formulas such as Reynolds Number and Drag Coefficient succinctly demonstrate how the number of stitches, in conjunction with other parameters such as dimensionality, wind speed, and mass, gear the ball for smooth passage. Reynolds Number and Drag Coefficient It is the disruption of the ball’s boundary layer or air fluidity, which is best demonstrated by the disruption of the ball’s boundary layer or air fluidity, that is critical in stabilizing the ball’s momentum as it exits the pitcher’s hand and lands into the hitter’s bat in a major league baseball game.

When all of these factors come together, they will be able to score an official Major League Baseball victory.

2. Magnus Effect

Additionally, the Magnus effect has an impact on baseball flight activity as previously noted. To put it another way, both of these forces are intertwined through the rubber core of the ball, which connects them. The eight-pattern of the 108 stitches on a baseball enables one side of the ball to develop significantly more velocity than the other. Because of this, the ball’s movement follows its trajectory and comes to a stop at a spin, preparing the ball for a turn. Meanwhile, professional baseball organizations in the United States have made it a rule to refrain from using balls that do not have a pattern.

A baseball that has been double stitched on the red rubber makes it harder to anticipate the trajectory of the ball since it no longer follows an observable route through the air.

What are Other Purposes of the Stitches on an Official Baseball

The seams or threads in a major league baseball serve a variety of functions, including the more practical one of holding its cowhides (including the rubber coated cork) together in order to preserve the ball’s direction during flight.

  • Gripping Strength: The more the number of stitches on a baseball, the greater the strength of the baseball’s grip. The yarn/thread, as a result, makes it easier for pitchers to retain and position the ball within the glove. Orientations: The stitches on a baseball, for example, allow a boston red sox pitcher from the National League to manipulate the orientation of the ball as it flies, providing one the freedom to expose the ball to a variety of trajectories before it lands on the hitter. Fastening: A baseball is made up of several layers, the most important of which are the rubber inner cork or rubber center, the exterior skin or cowhide leather, and the thread or wool yarn. The stitched line maintains the black rubber material and cowhide covering in place while the material is being stretched out. If you take a close look at lemon peel balls, you will see the following: Speed Control:It goes without saying that the established number of stitches on a baseball allows it to cut through the air fast and over the heavy bulk of infield dirt with great precision. Although just marginally, this has an effect on the wind speed that engages the ball as well as the ball’s response to the wind. As a result of the speed control, the necessary winding process is achieved in today’s modern baseballs.

Why is the Color of Baseball Stitches Red

Baseball sutures are traditionally red in color, as is the case with other sports. The reason why American League makers employ waxed red thread is still up in the air, and no one knows why. As a result, we may make the logical claim that visual clarity exists. This might be quite beneficial to designers that use hand stitching in their work. The red-colored wool yarn is just bright enough to serve as a guide for the designer as she works her way through the stitching process. However, it came out that individuals who perform hand sewing jointly preferred to adhere to the red thread.

Aside from serving as a means of achieving clarity, contrast also serves to establish a visible line in the air beyond the infield dirt pile.

Batters may immediately identify the American baseball ball as it approaches due to the use of red stitches made from wool yarn and black rubber.

When seen from a distance, these elevated stitches may be seen in dense clusters all over the surface.

History of Baseball Stitching

The history of the National League traces the color of baseball seams back to black and blue in the past. But, finally, at the beginning of the 1990s, the American League Baseball authorities established a standard hue of red, using waxed red thread, which prompted the rest of the baseball producers to adopt the same color as the American League. Some of the designs from the baseballs that were replaced have remained in some of today’s contemporary baseballs. In the 8-form baseball stitching pattern, several of them are still visible, including the shape of the finishing yarn.

How is a Baseball Created

A baseball is made up of three basic parts: a cork in the middle, two shells that are joined together to form a spherical, and red rubber gaskets. Through the use of automated winding machines, a thin layer of yarn is wrapped around the core of the ball. All soft areas are eliminated throughout this procedure, and the baseball is given a consistent surface throughout its life. During the production process, the manufacturer determines the weight of the baseball and makes modifications until the baseball satisfies the specifications for league-quality baseballs are met.

Conclusion

A Major League Baseball is stitched together with 216 stitches, with each side showcasing 108 distinct baseball seams. From what we’ve learned, the quantity of stitches is critical in ensuring that the design and function established by the factory rolling machine are carried out. From a functional standpoint, even the simple existence of stitches improves the aerodynamic flow of the regular baseball, flight direction, and overall trajectory of the ball.

In practice, the sutures merely serve to give the ball player with a more secure grasp on the ball. Knowing how many stitches are on a baseball gives the player the confidence to go out and purchase his or her own ball.

How Many Stitches On A Baseball?

In order to obtain the proper finish, the process of producing a baseball involves a lot of phases. In American League baseball, attention to detail is essential, and accuracy is required to produce superior results. Many baseball fans are curious about the materials that are used to construct the ball. A few fundamental elements contribute to the construction of these key sports products, which have been evolving since the early 1800s and have a long history of development.

How Is a Baseball Made?

It takes meticulous workmanship as well as the use of specialized machinery to complete the entire procedure. The following is a step-by-step procedure: Two hemispheric shells (also made of rubber) are joined to a cork by means of a rubberized cork, and red rubber gaskets are utilized to fill the space between the shells. After that, a red layer is molded around the rubber hemispheres, resulting in the core, which is referred to as the ‘pill.’ It has been shaped into a flawless spherical with precision.

  • Prior to the cowhide being coiled onto the ball, this step is critical in ensuring that the wool yarn remains linked to the pill.
  • The goal of using high tension is to minimize soft patches and guarantee that the surface is constant throughout the process.
  • In this procedure, three layers of wool yarn are wrapped tightly around the ball, resulting in a total of 200 yards of yarn being utilized.
  • The surplus material is then trimmed away by machines, and a small film of glue is applied to the cowhide covering to secure it in place.
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Stitching the Baseball Together

Handiwork and the usage of specialized machinery are both required during the whole process. A step-by-step procedure is outlined below. Rubberized cork is used to hold two hemispheric shells (also made of rubber), which are then connected together using red rubber gaskets to fill the gap between them. Afterwards, a red layer is formed around the rubber hemispheres, resulting in the core, sometimes known as the ‘pill.’ It has been perfectly shaped into a spherical. Following completion of the form, a thin layer of cement is placed around the perimeter of the work surface to seal it.

The wool yarn is twisted around the pill with the aid of automated winding machines, which help to maintain the sphere’s high degree of tension.

In order to ensure that the ball meets the size specifications of Major League Baseball, it is weighed and measured while the winding process progresses.

Finally, using 150 yards of white finishing yarn, which is wrapped around the wool yarn to protect and hold it in place, the winding procedure is completed. A tiny coating of glue is then applied to the cowhide covering, after which the surplus material is trimmed away.

What Material is The Baseball Made of?

In order to wrap around the ‘pill,’ wool yarn is used as the primary material for a baseball. There are three levels, each of which is made up of: For the initial layer, use a four-ply gray yarn. The second layer will be made of three-ply white yarn. The last layer will be a three-ply gray. The finishing yarn is composed of poly/cotton and is responsible for sealing and preventing the previous three layers from shifting. To get the white hue, cowhide is imported from the United States and then processed via an alum tanning process to achieve the desired white tint.

What are the Stitches on a Baseball Made Of?

The stitching on a baseball is the feature that sticks out the most from the rest of the baseball. Each package contains 88 lengths of waxed red thread, which is used to put the cowhide cover together. Hand stitching is necessary, and the total number of double stitches required is 108, for a total of 216 raised stitches. Professionals may finish this operation by hand in around ten minutes, according to their experience.

Baseball Ball Facts

After years of experimenting with various sizes, shapes, and patterns, the technique and science underlying why specific materials are necessary for baseballs have been discovered and refined. They are a distinct element in the overall composition, and they contribute to more than simply the baseball’s overall appearance.

How Many Stitches on a Baseball?

Hand stitching is necessary, and the total number of double stitches required is 108, for a total of 216 raised stitches. The time required by specialists to execute this operation by hand is around 10-15 minutes. In every ball, the start and last stitches are always concealed.

Why are 108 Stitches Needed on a Baseball?

How many stitches are necessary is proportional to the size of the two pieces of cowhide that are used in the construction. It is necessary to use 223 cm (88 inches) of red thread to double stitch the material together in order to ensure that the quality of the ball is not compromised and that no pieces of the material come loose throughout the process.

Why are Baseball Stitches Red?

The color of baseballstitches is red in order to help players in their attempts to see the ball. When you use contrasting colors such as red on white, it is much easier to see what you’re trying to do. It was initially natural cowhide hues, but when the American League chose to make red the official standard, they modified the stitching of the ball to keep it consistent and visible. Learn how baseballs are made by watching the video below. ” frameborder=”0″> ” frameborder=”0″> fullscreen is permitted if the following attributes are met: accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture “The Dark Knight Rises: What Went Wrong?” is the title of the article.

The Mass of a Baseball

The baseball weighs between 5 and 514 ounces, or 142-149 grams, depending on the size of the player.

The weight of the ball was originally set at 512 to 6 ounces, but was altered multiple times over the 1800s as the game progressed. It wasn’t until 2011 that the Major League Baseball settled on the current weight.

The Volume of a Baseball

The formula 1.33 times pi times the radius cubed must be used to get the right volume of a baseball. According to two mathematical estimates, the volume would come out to be 13.39 cubic inches (cubic inches).

The Velocity of a Baseball

Depending on the scenario, the velocity and speed of a baseball can vary significantly. Factors such as bat weight and momentum during the swing can have a significant impact on this. Professor Daniel A. Russell of Penn State University noted in part of his book ‘Physics of Sports,’ published in 1980, that “bat weight, swing speed, and ball velocity” were all important factors in sports performance. The researchers discovered that bats weighing 20 ounces produced a batted ball velocity of 68.5 miles per hour, whereas bats weighing 40 ounces produced a velocity of 80.4 miles per hour.

History of Baseball Stitching

When baseballs were initially manufactured in 1839, they came in a variety of weights, sizes, shapes, and forms, as different producers created their own models and prototypes to fit their specific needs. It wasn’t until the mid-nineteenth century that baseball began to take on a more structured shape, with regulating organizations establishing a standard structure for the baseballs.

The History of Stitching on a Baseball

Initially, yarn and leather were used to cover the ball, which meant stitches were necessary to keep the material together. However, because ball sizes and patterns varied, there was no standard for how many stitches or what color should be used. In 1974, the Major League Baseball changed the ball’s cover from horsehide to cowhide, and the number of stitches on the original baseball would have been determined by the dimensions of the material used in its construction. ‘Lemon peel ball’ was the moniker given to one of the first versions of balls that became famous owing to the four lines of stitching on the outside of the ball.

Why a Baseball Requires Stitching

Stitching is required in order to keep the material compact and secure. Not only do the colorful stitches stand out to boost visibility, but they also serve an important function in determining the trajectory of a moving object. Dragged balls allow players to control ball direction, as well as pitch in certain ways, like as with a curveball, due to the interaction between the air and the stitching on the ball.

What is Baseball Stitching Called?

The figure-8 stitching design used on Major League baseballs is named after Col. William A Cutler, who invented the technique in the early 1900s. Although it is thought that a little kid called Ellis Drake developed the initial concept in 1839, he was never granted a patent for his creation.

Baseball Stitching Pattern

The stitching pattern is based on the form of the cowhide, which has been sliced into two figure-8 shapes for this project. In order to improve the pliability of the cowhide, it is necessary to dampen it. The baseball is sewn by hand using 88 lengths of waxed red thread. The 108 double stitches are much too complex to be done by a machine.

Manufacturers of Baseballs

A small segment of the sports business — there aren’t many manufacturers who produce baseballs with the traditional figure-8 shape.

Major League Baseball purchases only from a single manufacturer, and while there may be cheaper alternatives available, none will compare to the quality and sturdiness of the official Major League Baseball.

Are Any Baseballs Made in the USA?

Baseballs were once manufactured in the United States by a number of firms; however, the great majority of baseballs are currently manufactured in China (excludingMLB baseballs). Ablert Spalding was the last last business in the United States to provide the National League with baseball equipment. Major League Baseball balls are currently being made in Costa Rica.

Where are Baseballs Made?

Rawlings Sporting Goods, which manufactures Major League baseballs in Costa Rica, is a subsidiary of the firm ‘Rawlings’. A Reuters report states that they have a one-year exclusivity contract with professional leagues and that they make 2.4 million baseballs per year. More balls are made than are required to make up for any balls that are lost, broken, or scuffed throughout the course of a league game’s play.

How Much Does it Cost to Manufacture a Baseball?

According to CBC Sports, Rawlings pays around $4 for each baseball produced. To fulfill the tremendous demand imposed by Major League Baseball, around 36 thousand balls are created every day, on average. The balls are then sold to Major League Baseball for around $7 per ball. Major league baseballs are available for purchase at a retail price of $14.99. Take a look at this interesting video: ” frameborder=”0″> ” frameborder=”0″> fullscreen is permitted if the following attributes are met: accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture “The Dark Knight Rises: What Went Wrong?” is the title of the article.

FAQs

The number of stitches on a baseball is dictated by the baseball’s measurements. The size of the baseball, as well as the form of the cowhide that is utilized, both influence the number of stitches that are required. The 108 threads are double sewn together, resulting in a total of 216 stitches in the finished ball.

Why are the Stitches on a Baseball Red?

For the reason that the stitches are red, two prominent hypotheses have been advanced. In the first instance, when the National League chose to make red its official standard color, it was only logical that they would modify the color of the thread to correspond. The second is based on logic; players need to be able to see the baseball, thus it was necessary to choose bright, contrasting colors.

Are All Baseballs Hand Stitched?

All of the baseballs used in the league are manually sewn since machine stitching would not produce game-ready balls. The hand stitching, which is done with waxed red cotton thread, takes around 15 minutes to finish.

What are the Stitches on a Baseball Called?

The figure-8 pattern is used to name the stitches, hence the stitches are called after that pattern. Because of the curvature of the cowhide cuts, the stitches curl around and follow a figure-eight pattern. The placement of the stitches has an impact on more than just the aesthetic of the baseball, since the trajectory and drag of the ball are also impacted by the design.

How Much Does a Baseball Weigh?

Due to the fact that a baseball’s diameter is 27 8 3 inches and its circumference is 9 91 4 inches, the weight of a baseball was determined to be between 5 and 51 4 ounces.

Weights have fluctuated over the years, particularly between 1854 and 1871, with the ultimate decision by the Major League Baseball coming in 2011. This page was last updated on

How Many Stitches Are There on a Baseball?

For more than a century, the composition of a baseball has remained unaltered. Rubber, cork, cowhide, and length of yarn are the basic ingredients that go into the construction of a baseball. Although it is still a baseball, changes have been made to it in order to level the playing field when competitive advantage shifts from offensive to defense and vice versa. Stitching is an example of one of these standardizations. What is the approximate number of stitches on a baseball? There are roughly 108 double stitches on a baseball, for a total of 216 stitches on the ball overall.

An extra 15 seconds in a rolling machine is required to level off any uneven threads during the entire stitching process, which takes around 10 to 15 minutes.

History of Baseball Stitching

Baseball stitching has a storied past. Main League Baseball, like all four of the major North American sports, has standardized the ball that is used in play during games. Every single baseball used in a professional game is same in terms of design, size, and stitching, and every single baseball used in a professional game is identical in terms of stitching. Prior to joining forces to become Major League Baseball, both the American and National leagues played with their own ball and set of rules, which was not always the case.

  • In fact, it wasn’t until the 1930s that Major League Baseball came up with a uniform appearance and feel for its baseballs.
  • 216 stitches were added to the baseball.
  • Previously, all of the stitches were done by hand.
  • By maintaining consistency in the stitches, pitchers can rely on the same grip for the duration of their careers.
  • Baseball, more than any other sport, is built on tradition, and the ball used by the players is no exception.

Why Are Baseball Stitches Red

The red threads were chosen over the blue or black stitches that had been tried out earlier in the process. This is due to the fact that red is significantly more apparent. This assists both the hitter and the catcher in their efforts to remain inside the field of play. The hitter has only a fraction of a second to decide whether or not this ball, which is frequently moving at speeds of over 90 miles per hour, will strike him and cause him injury. As a result, being able to correctly recognize the pitch and rotation provides you enough time to get out of the path.

It also gives him a better chance of making good contact with the ball as a result. In terms of defensive skill, it provides the catcher with the ability to correctly grab the ball or block the ball if the ball bounces or if there are communication problems between the pitcher and the catcher.

In Conclusion

Pitchers will be able to perfect their pitches for every season if the baseball is stitched with the same amount of stitches throughout. It guarantees that their pitches are the same regardless of whether they are pitching in the American or National Leagues. It assures that when they progress from little league to college to the minors, their pitches will continue to function precisely the same way as they age and improve. A baseball is extremely risky for the hitter while traveling at those speeds.

Baseball (ball) – Wikipedia

There is a redirection here from “Baseballs.” The Baseballs are a German rock’n’roll cover band that was formed in 1989. In the sport of baseball, abaseball is a ball that is used in the game of the same name. The ball is made out of a rubber or cork center that is wrapped in yarn and coated with white real horsehide or cowhide, or a synthetic composite leather that is white in color. It has a circumference of 9–9 +1 4inches (229–235mm) and a diameter of 2 +55 64inches or 73–75mm. It weighs 5–5 +1 4oz and measures 9–9 +1 4inches (229–235mm) in circumference (142 to 149g).

It is normal for the leather cover to be constructed from two peanut-shaped pieces of leather that are sewn together, generally using red-dyed thread.

A pitcher’s ability to control the orientation of the stitches as well as the pace at which the ball rotates allows him or her to influence the behavior of the thrown ball in certain ways.

History

When baseball first began to gain popularity in the early to mid-1800s, there was a considerable deal of variation in the size, shape, weight, and manufacture of baseballs. Old, melted shoes were used as a rubber core for the first baseballs, which were then covered in yarn and leather. In other cases, fish eyeballs were employed as cores as well as other materials. It was customary for pitchers to make their own balls, which were utilized throughout the game, weakening and unraveling with each pitch as it progressed.

  • Lemon peel baseballs were darker, smaller, and weighted less than other baseballs, allowing them to go longer and bounce higher than other baseballs, resulting in extremely high-scoring games for the players involved.
  • They came at the conclusion that baseballs should weigh between 512 and 6 ounces and have a circumference between 8 and 11 inches.
  • Generally speaking, balls with more rubber and a tighter winding traveled further and quicker (known as “live balls”), but those with less rubber and a looser winding (known as “dead balls”) did not move nearly as far or quickly.
  • Teams frequently took use of this information, as players from the squad were typically responsible for manufacturing their own baseballs for use in games.
  • According to some historians, it was devised by Ellis Drake, the son of a shoemaker, in order to make the cover tougher and longer-lasting.
  • Cutler in 1858 and sold to William Harwood the following year.
  • The National League (NL) was established in 1876, and uniform rules and regulations were put in place to govern the sport.
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Spalding, a well-known baseball pitcher who was recognized for making his own balls, persuaded the National League to accept his ball as the official baseball of the National League (NL).

In 1910, the cork-core ball made its debut on the market.

After a while, everything returned to normal.

It was in 1920 when a few of significant modifications were made to baseballs.

Despite the fact that there was no evidence that these balls had an influence on the game, offensive statistics began to rise during the 1920s, and players and spectators alike felt that the new balls allowed batters to smash the ball further than before.

An inner cork core was encircled by a layer of black rubber, which was subsequently followed by another layer of red rubber.

In the end, they decided on a cushion cork center, two wrappings of yarn, a specialrubber cementcoating, two additional wrappings of yarn, and a horsehide covering.

Rubber was forbidden for non-war-related products, including baseballs, during World War II, according to the United States Department of Agriculture.

That year, there was a considerable reduction in hitting.

After the switch back to the standard ball and the return of players from active duty, the offense would resume to normal operations.

Cowhide, on the other hand, was more readily available.

The dramatic rise in the quantity of home runs since the beginning of the 2016 baseball season prompted Major League Baseball executives to form a committee to investigate the manufacturing process.

On February 5, 2021, the Major League Baseball published a statement in which it stated that Rawlings had revised their production process in order to lessen the bounce in the balls and that, following thorough testing, “we are certain that these baseballs exceed all of our performance standards.” Another point raised in the same document was the fact that more clubs had sought for authorization to store their baseballs in humidors.

As of 2020, just four teams were employing the devices: the Arizona Diamondbacks, the Boston Red Sox, the Colorado Rockies, and the Seattle Mariners.

Overview

Two baseballs, one with the typical cork in the center (on the left) and the other with the rubber in the middle (on the right). Padded wood cores were invented by sports equipment manufacturerSpalding, which was founded by former baseball starA.G. Spalding. They were first patented in the late nineteenth century. A variety of synthetic materials have been utilized to make baseballs in recent years; nevertheless, they are typically regarded lesser quality, are sewn with two red thick threads, and are rarely used in the big leagues due to their poor quality and durability.

  1. In general, a tighter-wound baseball will leave the bat faster and fly farther than a loosely wrapped baseball.
  2. In general, the seams on baseballs used in Little League through college levels are far greater than those used in professional leagues.
  3. After a few games, a normal ball would get discolored from dirt and other materials applied by players; damage would also develop, resulting in minor rips and seam breaks; and finally, the ball would become brittle from repeated use.
  4. However, following the death in 1920 of hitter Ray Chapman, who was struck in the head by a pitch, possibly as a result of his inability to see the ball during dusk, an attempt was made to replace filthy or old baseballs with new ones.
  5. Reach patented the ivory-centered”ivory nut” in Panama in 1909, claiming that it was “even better” in a baseball than cork at the time of invention.

Shibe, the president of the Philadelphia Athletics and the inventor of the cork-centered ball, stated, “I expect the leagues will adopt a ‘ivory nut’ baseball just as soon as they adopt a ferro-concrete bat and a base studded with steel spikes.” In 1910, both leagues adopted Shibe’s cork-centered ball, which was invented by him.

  1. Attempts to automate the production process were never totally successful, which resulted in the continuous usage of hand-made balls throughout history.
  2. Throughout the twentieth century, Major League Baseball employed two balls that were theoretically identical but were marked differently.
  3. The National League baseball laces were black with red interlaced, according to Bob Feller, who recalled that the American League baseball laces were blue and red when he was a rookie in the 1930s.
  4. To be eligible to play in the Major League Baseball (MLB) in the current season, the baseball must weigh between 5 to 5 14 ounces (142–149 grams) and measure 9 to 9 14 inches (229–235 millimeters) in circumference (2 +7 8–3 inches or 72-74 millimeters in diameter).
  5. Because of the scratches, discolouration, and unattractive texture that might occur during a regular professional game, many dozen baseballs are used in a typical professional game nowadays.
  6. In exchange for the unique ball, the player will typically provide the fan with an autographed bat and/or other autographed memorabilia in addition to the special ball.

Rubbing mud is put to baseballs in the professional game before each game, and it is designed to improve the pitcher’s grip on the ball. It is normally done by the umpire before each game, and it is supposed to aid in the pitcher’s grip. There are several distinct forms of baseball that are played.

  • The term “baseball” refers to the ordinary baseball that is used in Major League Baseball, but is also used in high school baseball and above for (hardball) baseball, and is referred to as “baseball.” Rubber baseball, also known as Nanshiki, is a type of baseball played in Japan before to high school that is played using rubberballs. It is also known as Japanese rubber baseball. Soft (compression) baseball – A type of baseball that is used for batting practice and fielding training, as well as softball baseball that can be safely played indoors, and is often composed of polyurethane (PU) material
  • Baseball in its various forms: regular baseball, rubber baseball, soft (compression) baseball

Famous baseballs

There have been many recorded examples of humans catching, or attempting to catch, baseballs that have been associated with Major League Baseball milestones:

  • Mark McGwire’s 70th home run of the 1998 baseball season, which set a new record at the time, was sold by a fan toTodd McFarlane for US$ 3.2 million at auction
  • Larry Ellison, not to be confused with the software entrepreneur of the same name, famously retrieved bothBarry Bonds’ 660th and 661st home runs
  • Barry Bonds’ 73rd home run of the 2001 season
  • And many other notable home runs. Mark McGwire’s single season home run record was broken by him on his final home run of his historic and record-breaking season. The question of who owned the ball sparked a debate, and a lawsuit was filed between the two persons who claimed to have caught it in the end. Up for Grabs is a documentary that was based on the true events. To Todd McFarlane, for $450,000, it was auctioned off as Barry Bonds’ record-breaking 756th home run, which broke the previous mark of Hank Aaron, and was caught by a New York Mets fan in 2007. A truck driver caught Roger Maris’ 61st single-season home run, which was later sold at an online auction for more than $750,000 to Marc Eck, a New York fashion designer
  • Derek Jeter’s 3,000th hit, a home run, was caught by a New York Yankees fan, who returned the ball to the Yankees and was awarded approximately $70,000 in gifts and memorabilia
  • And Derek Jeter’s 3,000th hit, also a home run, was caught by a New The ball was sold for $5,000, which was a record price.

Mark McGwire’s 70th home run of the 1998 baseball season, which set a new record at the time, was sold by a fan toTodd McFarlane for US$ 3.2 million at auction; Larry Ellison, not to be confused with the software entrepreneur of the same name, famously retrieved bothBarry Bonds’ 660th and 661st home runs; Barry Bonds’ 73rd home run of the 2001 season; and many other home runs. Mark McGwire’s single season home run record was broken by him on his final home run of his historic, record-breaking campaign.

“Up for Grabs,” a documentary based on the tale, was produced.

It was later sold at an online auction for more than $750,000 to Marc Eck, a New York fashion designer; Derek Jeter’s 3,000th hit, a home run, was caught by a New York Yankees fan who returned the ball to the Yankees and was rewarded with approximately $70,000 worth of gifts and memorabilia; and Roger Maris’ 61st single-season home run was caught barehanded by a truck driver; and Derek Jeter’s 3,000th hit, a double Approximately $5,000 was spent on the ball.

  • Babe Ruth’s home run in the 1933 Major League Baseball All-Star Games sold for more than $800,000. His signature was placed on the ball, which sold for $650,000 at auction in 1999. Hank Aaron’s 755th home run ball was autographed by him as well. For 23 years, the ball was stored in a safety deposit box after groundskeeper Richard Arndt was sacked from the Milwaukee Brewers for failing to return the ball, despite his repeated attempts the day before. An auctioned baseball signed by bothJoe DiMaggio and Marilyn Monroe (who had been married for less than a year) in 1961 during spring training in Florida sold for $191,200
  • The ball that rolled betweenBill Buckner’s legs (and cost Boston extra innings during the1986 World Series) sold for $418,250
  • And Steve Bartmaninterferedwith a play while attempting to catch afoul ball, causing the Chicago Cubs to not get an out in ” The The stray ball was grabbed up by a Chicago attorney and auctioned off in December 2003 for a tidy profit. For $113,824.16 dollars, Grant DePorter acquired it on behalf of the Harry Caray’s Restaurant Group. In a technique created by Cubs fan and Academy Awardwinning special effects guru Michael Lantieri, it was publicly detonated on February 26, 2004 in front of thousands of people. In 2005, the restaurant utilized the remaining pieces of the ball to make a pasta sauce out of them. The sauce did not contain any actual pieces of the ball
  • Rather, the ball was cooked in a mixture of water, beer, vodka, and herbs, with the steam being caught, condensed, and then added to the final concoction.

See also

  • Ball used in cricket of similar construction (cork center wrapped tightly with string and enclosed in leather with a raised sewed seam of threads by the “equator” of the ball)
  • Cricket ball (also known as cricket ball). Spaldeen is a ball that is used in stickball, which is a baseball version. Theory of the juiced ball

Notes and references

  1. “2014 Official Baseball Rules” are a set of rules that govern baseball in 2014. (PDF). 2014-12-29
  2. Retrieved on 2014-12-29
  3. Phillip Mahony’s Baseball Explained is available online. McFarland & Company, 2014. See theWayback Machine for further information
  4. Abcdef Jimmy, please stamp. “A Brief History of Baseball”.smithsonian.com. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 13 May 2015
  5. “Baseball (equipment)”.baseball-reference.com. Baseball Reference. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 13th of May, 2015
  6. Retrieved 13th of May, 2015
  7. BIG LEAGUES AGREE ON LIVELIER BALL
  8. The sphere used in the American Championship last year is accepted in Toto by the National.” The New York Times, January 6, 1934, ISSN 0362-4331. 2017-03-22
  9. Retrieved 2017-03-22
  10. AbcRymer, Zachary D., “The Evolution of Baseball From the Dead-Ball Era Through Today.” The Evolution of Baseball From the Dead-Ball Era Through Today. Bleacher Report is a sports news website. 2017-03-22
  11. James Wagner is a writer who lives in the United States. “The Major League Baseball Organization will change its baseballs following record home run rates.” The New York Times is a newspaper published in New York City. “Baseball Bat Reviews of 2017 (BBCOR Certified Bats)”.BaseballRace. Retrieved2017-03-22
  12. “Baseball Bat Reviews of 2017 (BBCOR Certified Bats)”.BaseballRace. Retrieved2017-03-22
  13. “Baseball Bat Reviews of 2017 (BBCOR Certified Bats (8 August 2005). The Sports Illustrated article “Rapid Robert Can Still Bring It” appears on pages 3 and 4 of the magazine (of 11). 15 July 2013
  14. Retrieved 15 July 2013
  15. Major League Baseball: “Official Rules: Objectives of the Game,” Major League Baseball
  16. Schneider, Jason, “Official Rules: Objectives of the Game,” Major League Baseball (2006-07-04). “All-American mud was required to remove the shine off baseballs.” The Florida Times-Union, retrieved on 2009-10-06
  17. Grunwald, Michael. “The Florida Times-Union.” McFarlane paid $3 million for McGwire’s 70th home run ball, according to tech.mit.edu and The Washington Post, both of which were published on June 8, 2015. Marcio Sanchez is the author of this work. Jose. “The fan who catches the ball with the number 660 also receives the number 661.” usatoday.com. USA TODAY is a news organization based in Washington, D.C. retrieved on June 8, 2015
  18. Ira Berkow is a writer who lives in New York City. It is said that the 73rd home run ball sold for $450,000. The New York Times is a newspaper published in New York City. retrieved on June 8, 2015
  19. Jack Curry is a fictional character created by Jack Curry. “Bonds hits No. 756 to surpass Aaron’s previous high-water mark.” The New York Times is a newspaper published in New York City. “Barry Bonds’ 756-home-run ball, which broke the previous record, was sold for $752,467.20 on June 8, 2015.” psacard.com is a part of the Collectors Universe. The original version of this article was published on May 26, 2015. retrieved on June 8, 2015
  20. Erik Matuszewski is a writer who lives in Poland. “Jeter fan who returned baseball leaves $180,000 on the table in order to do the right thing.” Bloomberg, retrieved on 10 February 2012
  21. The Daily, retrieved on 10 February 2012. More Most Valuable Baseballs, including Derek Jeter’s 3,000th hit, Mark McGwire’s 70th home run, and More Most Valuable Baseballs”. It was published on July 16, 2013, and it was retrieved on July 16, 2013. “Ruth home run ball brings in $700,000”, according to Gary Rotstein. post-gazette.com. “Owner of Hank Aaron’s last home run ball braces for new record,” according to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, accessed on June 8, 2015. ESPN.com has a story titled “Ball autographed by DiMaggio and Monroe busts bank”. “Buckner ball from ’86 Series sells for $418,250,” according to ESPN, accessed on June 8, 2015. ESPN.com. Gumer, Jason B.
  22. May 4, 2012
  23. Gumer, Jason B. (February 23, 2005). In the words of the Chicago Tribune, “Pasta sauce converts unfortunate Cubs baseball into delectable enchantment.”
  • Major League Baseball: Official Rules: 1.00 Objectives of the GameSee 1.09
  • Major League Baseball: Official Rules: 1.00

External links

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