What Are The Different Types Of Pitches In Baseball

Baseball pitches illustrated

Baseball is one of my favorite sports. I’ve seen my fair share of broadcast games and been to a couple of live games. Even after all of this, I was still unsure of the difference between the different pitches. I was aware that a curveball was a downward-breaking pitch, but what precisely was a circle changeup? This information was gathered via reading baseball books and conducting web research to create the graphics shown below. This is not an exhaustive list of resources. I’ve selected twelve of the more common pitches, and they are:

  • Fastballs: four-seam, two-seam, Cutter, Splitter, and Forkball
  • Curveballs: four-seam, two-seam, Cutter, Splitter, and Forkball Breaking Balls: Curveball, Slider, Slurve, and Screwball are some of the most common. Changeups include the Changeup, the Palmball, and the Circle Changeup.

Learning to identify pitches

Although the amount of pitches may appear to be a daunting task to keep track of, bear in mind that each pitcher only employs a subset of these pitches. Pedro Martinez, for example, throws a curveball, a circle-changeup, an occasional slider, and a fastball in his repertoire. Before the game, do some preliminary study on the pitcher. Things to look out for that will assist you in identifying a pitch include:

  • The ball’s speed and movement, as well as the overall direction in which it is going. A break is a rapid change in direction

There are a few other characteristics that can aid in the identification of a pitch, including ball rotation, point of release, and grip. Although it may seem excessive to a casual fan, I do not draw or explain any of the last three topics in this section of the website.

Reading the diagrams

Take note of the ball’s speed, movement, and break as well as its break. Make no distinction between where the baseball is depicted in the strike zone and where it is actually located. In addition to fastballs in the middle of the strike zone, you may throw fastballs high and away from the hitter as shown in the illustration. It’s still a fastball, mind you. The pitch is not determined by the location.

Four-seam Fastball

The straightest and fastest pitch. There has been little to no movement.

Two-seam Fastball

A Sinker is another term for this type of person. Occasionally runs in on a right handed hitter as he moves downhill and depending on the release timing of the pitch (RHH).


As it approaches the plate, it begins to separate from a right handed batter (RHH). A combination of a slider and a fastball. A fastball is faster than a slider, yet it has more movement than a slider.


Before reaching the plate, the vehicle has an unexpected breakdown.


Similar to asplitter, but with a more steady, less violent downward movement.


A 12-6 curveball is a type of pitch that is commonly used. The number 12-6 relates to the movement from top to bottom (picture a clock with hands at 12 and 6).


Breaks down and gets away from the aRHH situation. In the middle of a fastball and a curve.


11-5 movement is the order of the day. A curve with more lateral mobility is similar to a spline.


Movement from 1-7. The polar opposite of theslurve.


It is thrown more slowly than a fastball, yet it has the same arm action as a fastball.


The ball is securely grasped in the palm of the hand. This pitch is similar to a changeup in that it is slower than a fastball, but it is delivered with the same arm action.

Circle Changeup

The screwball is a changeup with a 1-7 moment like the screwball.

PDF Download

Each of the twelve pitch diagrams, with the exception of the text comments, is combined onto a single page PDF.

Types of Pitches in Baseball

What exactly is a sinker? What is a knuckle ball, and how does it work? What is the best way to recognize and hit a cut fastball? What is the speed of each sort of pitch? What is the appearance of the pitch grips? Fastball pitch grip with two seams Those and other concerns are addressed in this overview of the many varieties of baseball pitches available. Additionally, Yankee pitchers Kevin Whelan and DJ Mitchell show the right grip on the baseball for a variety of different pitching situations.

When you are the hitter, understanding the different types of pitches and how to detect them when they are thrown can help you make more consistent contact with the baseball.

Understanding what each pitch does

Cut the fastball grip in half.

4-seam fastball

  • When thrown backwards, this pitch is the most difficult of the fastball varieties
  • It keeps the ball straight and with little movement.
2-seam fastball (sinker)
  • In essence, the 2-seamer, often known as the sinker, is a fastball that is grasped in a different way than the 4-seamer. 1-3 mph slower than a 4-seamer
  • This pitch moves arm side of the pitcher and down
  • This movement is a consequence of the seams catching the air in a way that drives the ball down and in to righties from a right handed pitcher
  • This pitch is held with the seams rather than across

Grip with a slider

2-seam fastball (runs)
  • However, while this is the same pitch as the sinker, some pitchers have difficulty getting the ball to dive towards the ground. As long as there isn’t any depth to the ball and it doesn’t travel to the pitcher’s arm side (inside to a righty from a right handed pitcher), the ball runs
  • It is 1-3 mph slower than the 4-seam fastball.
Cut fastball
  • While still in the fastball family, this pitch goes in the opposite direction of the 2-seamer
  • As it comes out of the hand, it looks a little like a slider from a cement mixer. Because there is no red dot in the middle of the baseball when throwing spin that is looser than a slider, it might be difficult to pick up the rotation early while throwing spin. It performs a similar function as the slider, but with less movement. In addition, it has more velocity than the slider (albeit it is 5-8 mph slower than the 4-seamer)
  • Yet, it only moves a few inches to the pitcher’s glove side and does not normally have much depth.

Curveball grip with the knuckles

  • This fastball glides at an angle to the pitcher’s glove side and has a lot of depth to it. When compared to the 4-seam fastball, it is typically 9-12 mph slower. In order to assist you recognize the slider, you will observe tight spin with a red dot (seams converging and spinning) on the screen. Typically, it has a break of 3-6 inches in length
  • This slider has a great amount more depth than the slider. It is customary to take a 12-hour break (as if staring at a clock)
  • There is no spin on the ball, and it will appear to have a hump coming out of the pitcher’s hand
  • However, this is not the case.

Grip changeup in a circle

  • The sole difference between a knuckle curve ball and a standard curve ball is the grip. A knuckle curve ball travels at a slower speed than a fastball, usually at least 15 mph slower. There are times when a pitcher will throw it harder, but it will always be less hard than the slider. Check out these advice from Garrett Richards on how to throw a curveball
  • And

  • A combination of the slider and the curve ball Although it is often large and loopy in appearance, its break angle is more of a 10-4 or 11-5 if viewed from a clock perspective, hurled by a right hander
  • The slider speed is more similar to the curveball speed than the slider speed
  • The slurve is more prevalent than a real curveball
  • Yet, it is not as effective.

Change alter your gripping style.

  • Has the same amount of spin as a fastball, according to the rules. The slowball is 8-15 mph slower than the fastball. Depending on the pitcher, some will throw a change-up with a little depth, while others will simply float it in there and rely on the change in speed and the same spin to be successful
Split finger
  • It can be thrown strongly or softly to mimic the action of a change-up. The action is the same regardless of the velocity at which it is thrown
  • An interesting movement with the baseball may be observed out of the pitcher’s hand as it sliding downhill. It starts in the zone and dives straight into the ground
  • This pitch has late down action, which makes it a pitch to avoid throwing in the field. The majority of the time, it is not thrown for a strike. It is mostly employed as a strikeout pitch.

Split finger fastball grip is a type of fastball grip.

Knuckle ball
  • When delivered slowly and consistently, the ball enters the strike zone with little spin, making it a useful pitch virtually every time. This will cause the ball to flutter, causing it to travel in unpredictable ways, making it difficult to hit and catch on the pitch. A popular saying when it comes to hitting a knuckle ball is, “If the ball is in the air, let it fly
  • If it is on the ground, let it go.”

If you found this quick explanation of several distinct sorts of pitches to be helpful, please let me know. I encourage you to ask questions or provide comments by leaving a comment below. Play with gusto! — Doug et al.

Read more about hitting fundamentals

  • Baseball batting stances
  • Situational hitting
  • The seven absolutes of baseball pitching
  • The best wood baseball bats

Back toAll Baseball Instruction

Doug Bernier, the founder of Pro Baseball Insider.com, made his Major League debut with the Colorado Rockies in 2008 and has since played for five different organizations (the Colorado Rockies, the New York Yankees, the Pittsburgh Pirates, the Minnesota Twins, and the Texas Rangers) over the course of his 16-year professional baseball career. He has experience at every infield position in the Major Leagues and has played every position on the field professionally, with the exception of catcher.

Doug departed from professional baseball after 16 years and went on to work as a Major League scout for the Colorado Rockies for two years after his retirement.

Pitch (baseball) – Wikipedia

This page redirects to “baseball pitch.” Baseball field is the term used to refer to the surface on which baseball is played. A pitcher’s normal motion is seen here. Techniques for pitching are demonstrated. Pitching is the act of tossing a baseball toward home plate in order to initiate a play in baseball. The word originates from the Knickerbocker Rules of etiquette. Originally, the ball had to be “pitched” underhand, much like with pitchinghorseshoes, in order to be played. Overhand throwing was not permitted until the year 1884.

  • Among the phases of throwing are windup, early cocking, late cocking, early acceleration, late acceleration, deceleration, and follow-through, to name a few examples.
  • The Michael T.
  • Thrown by the pitcher are a range of pitches, each of which having a little variation in velocity, trajectory and movement as well as hand position, wrist position, and/or arm angle (see Figure 1).
  • The pitcher manipulates the grip on the ball at the instant of release in order to create diversity and, as a result, to improve defensive baseball strategy and effectiveness.
  • The choice of which pitch to utilize may be influenced by a broad range of circumstances, including the kind of batter who is being faced, whether or not there are any base runners on base, how many outs have been recorded in the inning, and the current score of the game.

Pitching coaches may allow their pitches to bounce in the ground before they reach the batter; nonetheless, these pitches are still considered balls even if they pass past the strike zone.


It is customary for the catcher to pick the type of pitch to be delivered to the pitcher by using their fingers, often one finger for a fastball or the pitcher’s best pitch, with the pitcher having the option to request a different pitch by shaking his head, as seen in the image below. If the manager or coach prefers, he or she can communicate the pitch selection to the catcher by secret hand signals, preventing the opposition side from gaining an unfair edge by knowing what the next pitch would be like.


When it comes to baseball, the fastball is the most often used pitch, and nearly all pitchers have some variation of it in their repertoire. The majority of pitchers use four-seam fastballs. It is, in essence, a pitch that is thrown very quickly and as forcefully as a pitcher is capable of throwing while keeping control. There are several varieties, some of which incorporate movement or breaking motion, while others which do not and are just straight, high-speed pitches Having perfect mechanics when throwing the fastball is critical because it increases the likelihood of getting the ball to travel at its maximum velocity, making it more difficult for the opposing player to hit the pitch.

Because of their trajectories, these fastballs are frequently referred to as sinking fastballs.

  • Cutter, four-seam fastball, sinker, split-finger fastball, two-seam fastball are various types of pitches.

Breaking balls

A popular way to hold a slider Breaking balls that are thrown well have movement, which is typically sideways or downward. Due to variations in the pressure of the air surrounding the ball caused by variations in the pitch thrown, a ball appears to “move” when it is hit. As a result, the ball continues to “move” in the direction of least resistance, which is continually changing. A correctly thrown slider (thrown by a right-handed pitcher) for example, causes reduced air pressure on the pitcher’s left side, resulting in the ball “sliding” to the left (as viewed from the pitcher’s standpoint).

The majority of breaking balls are classified as off-speed pitches.

  • A 12–6 curveball, a Curveball, a Knuckle curve, a Screwball, a Slider, a Slurve, and so on


With the changeup, pitchers may throw an off-speed pitch that looks like a fastball while coming at the plate at a significantly slower pace. Its slower delivery speed, along with its deceptive delivery, is intended to throw the batter’s timing off. It is intended to be thrown in the same manner as a fastball, with the exception that it is thrown further back in the hand, causing it to emerge from the hand more slowly while still maintaining the appearance of a fastball. A changeup is often thrown at a slower rate than a fastball, about 8–15 miles per hour slower.

Suppose a hitter swings at the ball as if it were a fastball traveling at 90 mph, while in fact the ball is traveling at 75 mph, resulting in him swinging too early to hit the ball properly, making the changeup extremely effective. The most often encountered modifications are as follows:

  • Changeups include the circle changeup, forkball, fosh, palmball, straight changeup, and Vulcan changeup.
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Other pitches

Other pitches that are or have been used in baseball include the following:

Pitching deliveries

The three-quarters delivery is the most prevalent type of pitching technique used today. Other deliveries include submarines (underhand) and sidearms, to name a few of examples. Furthermore, there is a crossfirepitching technique (also known as de facto delivery) that only works for sidearm delivery. A pickoff move is the action that a pitcher goes through when attempting to pick off a batter.

Pitching positions

There are two types of legal throwing stances available:

  • The windup
  • This section, which is also known as the “stretch”

A high leg kick is typically used by pitchers from the set; however, the slide step, which allows the ball to be released more rapidly, may be used instead.

See also

  • Strike on the first pitch
  • Bowling-pitching a cricket ball
  • First pitch strike
  • The sport of throwing (cricket), which is more akin to baseball pitching, is becoming increasingly popular.


  • Baseball pitches related images may be found on Wikimedia Commons.

What Are the Different Pitches in Baseball?


Have You Ever Wondered.

  • When playing baseball, what are the different types of pitches? I’m trying to figure out what the quickest pitch in baseball is. What are the different pitches that baseball players throw

Jamil was the inspiration for today’s Wonder of the Day. ” Baseball pitches ” is a song by Jamil Wonders. Thank you for sharing your WONDER with us, Jamil! Do you have a favorite recreational activity? Do you like to spend time outside with your friends? What about reading a book or watching a film? Perhaps you have a passion for music or the creation of magnificent works of art. Alternatively, perhaps you enjoy participating in baseball, which is America’s national pastime. A high-octane baseball game may be extremely entertaining.

  • When it comes to pitchers, have you ever THOUGHT about all of the numerous pitches that are used in baseball?
  • After all, the ball is moving at such a rapid pace!
  • It also helps to keep an eye out for a break in the pitch, or a rapid change in direction of the pitch.
  • Fastballs are, well, really fast!
  • It has the ability to sprint at the batter at speeds of up to 100 miles per hour.
  • Approximately one-third of all pitches thrown in Major League Baseball are thrown in this manner (MLB).
  • All of these bend down, to the left, or to the right before reaching the hitter.

Curveballs, sliders, slurves, and screwballs are all included in this category.

Right-handed batters will benefit from the slider since it is the quickest breaking ball pitch and it breaks away from them just before they reach the plate.

The reason for throwing a slow pitch is a mystery to me.

Because the batter is anticipating a quicker pitch, he or she may swing too quickly and miss.

Of course, not every pitch can be classified into one of these three categories.

The knuckleball is an example of this.

If it is thrown correctly, it does not spin, which causes it to break downward when it hits the ground.

It all comes down to how well the pitcher grips the ball.

This influences the speed and movement of the pitch as well as whether or not the pitch breaks as a result of the subsequent movement.

Which more baseball pitch varieties do you think are worth a mention?

If this is the case, pay close attention since you may still be able to distinguish between the different pitches.

Common Core, Next Generation Science Standards, and the National Council for the Social Studies.”> Standards:CCRA.L.3, CCRA.L.6, CCRA.R.1, CCRA.R.2, CCRA.R.4, CCRA.R.10, CCRA.SL.1, CCRA.SL.2, CCRA.SL.3, CCRA.SL.6, CCRA.SL.1, CCRA.SL.2, CCRA.SL.3, CCRA.SL.6, CCRA.SL.1, CCRA

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We hope tomorrow’s Wonder of the Day does not cause you any inconvenience!

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Make a play for it! Find a responsible adult who can assist you with the activities listed below.

  • Try as you may, you can’t quite imagine what the different baseball pitches look like. Take a look at these useful drawings. Which pitch do you believe would be the most difficult to hit, according to your estimation? Why? Consult with a friend or a member of your family. In this article, you will learn about two legendary baseball players: Jackie Robinson and Babe Ruth. What was it that these baseball players had in common? What made them stand out from the crowd? What is it about them that makes them so memorable? Write a letter or send an email to a friend or family member informing them of what you’ve discovered. So, what is your favorite recreational activity? Spend some time today doing anything you enjoy, whether it’s baseball, painting, reading, or anything else you can think of. Inviting a friend or family member to join you is a good idea. Tell them why you appreciate this activity so much, and then inquire as to what they enjoy doing with their spare time.

Wonder Sources

Please accept our thanks for contributing questions on today’s Wonder subject from Jaiden, Thomas, and Alissya. Continue to WONDER with us! What exactly are you puzzling over?

How To Identify The Most Common Pitches In Baseball: Spin, Speed & Location.

Learning to recognize the most frequent baseball pitches (spin, speed, and placement) is an important part of improving your pitch identification skills. It’s one of the most often practiced characteristics among batters using our pitch detection program. What is the best way to identify what sort of pitch is being thrown? Pitch spin and speedlocation are taught to players by the use of a game plan that involves picking up the pitch from the pitcher’s hand as fast as possible and taking it through all three phases of the pitch plane.

In this article, we’ll go over exactly what batters should be looking for when facing common pitches at all levels, including youth, high school, collegiate, and professional.

Speed, BreakLocation

The pitch with the most velocity in the game. A solid fastball will erupt from the pitcher’s hand. Pitchers who throw 95 miles per hour or faster may efficiently pitch up in the zone to generate lazy flyballs to the outfield. Pitchers with average fastballs must establish the outer half of the plate in order to be effective against fastballs on the inside half. Roger Clemens and Nolan Ryan are excellent examples of Four Seam players. Aroldis Chapman is a baseball player.


A hook, a 12-6, a Deuce, a Bender, Lord Charles, Yellow Hammer, and a Number 2 are all nicknames for this card.

Average MLB Curveball: 70-80 MPH.

A solid curveball will have a bugs bunny loop 12-6 drop, which is the most common. (Consider a clock with hands at 12 and 6 o’clock.) Curveballs are often thrown to keep the hitter off balance, as a 2-2 pitch to contact, or to advance the hitter in the count if the pitcher is able to consistently place it for a strike.

See The Pop!

Anticipating the “pop” at the release point of the curveball is an efficient method of identifying it as it comes out of the pitcher’s hand. This means the ball will “burst out of the hand” before reaching its pitch plane, rather than seeping through to it. When hitting curveballs, a good strategy is to seek for one that is high in the zone. If you start low, you’re going to wind up in the dirt. If it starts off high, it will finish up in the strike zone, and vice versa. A notable example of a Curveball pitcher is Barry Zito, Doug Drabek, and Tim Lincecum.

Two Seam Fastball


MLB Average Sinker: 80-93 MPH.

Right-handed two-seamers with a small downward movement will tail in on right-handed hitters, while left-handed fastballs will move away from right-handed hitters with minor downward movement.

When the ball is delivered successfully, expect to see a lot of jammed swings and shattered bats. Pedro Martinez and Marcus Stroman are two pitchers that throw an excellent two-seam fastball. Max Scherzer is a professional baseball player.


Slide Piece is another name for this piece.

MLB Average Slider: 80-90 MPH

Generally speaking, the Slider from a right-handed pitcher is designed to go down and away from the right-handed hitter. A excellent slider is a hard blend of a fastball and a curveball that functions more as an off-speed pitch rather than a breaking ball. In addition, because the Slider appears extremely similar to the fastball when it comes out of the pitcher’s hand, pitchers will throw their Slider off of the fastball in order to throw the hitter off balance. Randy Johnson and Dennis Eckersley are two pitchers that throw an excellent two-seam fastball.

What is a Slider Pitch?

The slider is a popular pitch that can be difficult to learn because of its high frequency. The majority of elite-level professional pitchers use sliders to make their fastballs more effective, particularly when they are well-placed. When the slider is released from the hand, it resembles the fastball, especially when it is not buried in the ground. However, throwing a slider might be more difficult than it appears, particularly for pitchers. Some characteristics of the slider are as follows:

  • Identifying the distinction between a curveball and a slider
  • The origin of the term “slider pitch”
  • How to hold a slider in your hand
  • How to tell if a slider is active

What is the Difference Between a Curveball and a Slider?

Pitch-wise, the curve and the slider are quite similar, with a few significant variances. Both of these pitches are meant to deceive a batter by spinning and moving away from the pitcher’s arm side. On a right-handed hitter, the curve moves from the 12 o’clock position to the 6 o’clock position when the batter swings. The slider, on the other hand, may be moved from 2 o’clock to 8 o’clock. While a curve will travel in a looping fashion, a slider will move in a sharp downward and away direction.

  1. The majority of pitchers attempt to pass their slider off as a fastball.
  2. Is it more difficult to throw a curve than a slider?
  3. Not everyone is cut out to throw a slider, and not everyone is cut out to throw a curveball, for that matter.
  4. When it comes to choosing a pitching machine, how can you determine which one is suitable for you?
  • A low 34 arm slot or sidearm prevents you from getting over the top of the ball in order to deliver a curve. As a result, go for a slider
  • Pitchers with a 3/4 arm slot or over-the-top can select between a curveball and a slider. Pitchers who throw curve balls should have tight wrists and quick arm movements, whereas pitchers who throw sliders should have slack wrists and windmill-type motions


Change Piece is another name for this item. The Vulcan is a mythical creature.

Average MLB Changeup:70-80 MPH.

Generally speaking, a good changeup from a right-handed pitcher will have a 1-7 type movement and will appear to be falling off of a table. Aside from that, the changeup, whether thrown for a strike or when the inside fastball has been established, might be the most destructive pitch in the whole game. Kyle Hendricks and Cole Hamels are excellent examples of changeups. Jamie Moyer is a character in the television series The Walking Dead.


Also known as a Buzzsaw.

MLB Average Cutter:85-95 MPH.

A right-handed Cutter will move away from a right-handed batter by “cutting” them off. With movement comparable to that of a two-seam fastball, but moving in the opposite direction, the Cutter is a cross between an excellent slider and a fastball.

In addition, when a good Cutter is cutting at the hitter, it acts as a “Bat Breaker.” Mariano Rivera is an excellent example of a Cutter. Period!

How To Identify Pitch Types: Spin, SpeedLocation Checklist

Having established how different pitch types tend to emerge from the pitcher’s hand and move around the pitch plane, let’s examine the many forms of spin and rotation that each pitch may produce and how they differ from one another. The several forms of pitch spin have also been discussed down in this comprehensive essay titled: Reading SpinMovement For Better Pitch Recognition.

The Four Seam Fastball (AKA The Heater)

The Four Seam fastball spin will have a strong reddish-brownish color to it, as well as a tighter spin than the other fastball spins. When comparing the four-seam to the two-seam or the cutter, the four-seam has the least amount of movement. The tail or natural movement of a four-seam fastball can be seen on occasion when a pitcher throws with a three-quarters release or a left-handed delivery, depending on the situation. Pedro Martinez’s four-seam and two-seam pitches were both characterized by explosive movement.

Two Seam Fastball (AKA The Sinker)

The Two-Seam will have a tiny horizontal spin, but it will be looser and lighter in spin than the Single-Seam.

The Curveball (AKA The Hammer)

This pitch is significantly paler in color than the previous pitches. The pitcher’s hands create a form of optical illusion as the Hammer is thrown. The release point is the moment at which the pitch will “pop” out of the pitcher’s hands. The pitcher’s wrist angle may also be used to pick up the curveball, which is another option. A thin wrist (Skinny Wrist) The final variation is the “beginner’s curveball,” which may be thrown with the index finger up and off the ball.

The Slider (AKA The Slide Piece)

a color that is darker than the color of a breaking ball It is customary for the slider to break toward the pitcher’s glove side when it has a “Red Dot” at roughly 2 o’clock.

The Changeup (AKA The Vulcan)

Among all the other pitches, this is the lightest “off-white” tint available. The spin direction is in the opposite direction of the breaking ball, and it is closer to the four-seam, with noticeable velocity variations between the two balls.

Learning how to identify the most common pitches in baseball: Spin, SpeedLocation Checklist

Being able to recognize different pitch types is unquestionably one of the most underappreciated abilities of top hitters. Increase your hard-hit contact % by improving your ability to judge balls and strikes. This will reduce your swing and miss ratio and improve your ability to judge balls and strikes. Being able to see the ball as it comes out of the pitcher’s hand is also important in developingHitter’s I.Q.TM and a powerfulSwing TriggerTM. Finally, greater pitch detection allows you to slow the game down, which is essential for making the transition to pitching at a higher level of competition.

See also:  When Was The Steroid Era In Baseball

Pitch Recognition App

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Read on to find out how thousands of baseball players are keeping their skills fresh at home by using theApplied Vision Baseball Pitch Recognition Training App to practice at game pace. According to user polls, 95 percent of hitters who have trained in Applied Vision Baseball have stated that they feel MORE secure and more consistent in detecting and reacting to high-velocity fastballs and hard breaking balls.

Do you want to improve your pitch recognition abilities? Test your baseball pitch recognition skills with the Applied Vision Baseball Pitch Recognition App.

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A superb beginning pitcher can throw anywhere from four to five pitches anywhere in the zone for strikes in a single inning, depending on the situation. One of these might be his designated strikeout pitch, which he throws early in the count when he’s got the hitter in trouble. A great pitcher may just employ one pitch, like in the case of Hall of Famer Mariano Rivera, who relied on his cutter, but they may easily expand their repertoire to include two or even three pitches in which they are confidence.

In the sections that follow, we’ll go through some of the most typical sorts of pitches that you’ll see during a baseball game.


In baseball, there are several different sorts of pitches. Even while some may be flat and firm, while others may travel in either direction toward or away from the batter, all of them have one thing in common: they are all thrown with force.

The Four-Seam Fastball

The four-seam fastball is the one that we all know how to throw simply by scooping up the ball, grasping it as if it were a position player, and throwing it over home plate with both hands. In fact, almost every pitcher will and does throw this pitch at some point. It is possible for this fastball to travel at speeds exceeding 100 miles per hour depending on the pitcher!

The Two-Seam Fastball

A two-seam fastball is a pitch that moves from left to right, or vice versa, in the strike zone. Pitchers are more effective in one way than the other while throwing a pitched ball. This pitch is thrown after the pitcher has located the spot on the ball where the seams are the closest together and has placed his index and middle fingers together, in between the seams, to throw it. Then, using one of your fingers, press down firmly against the ball. This will serve as a guide for the ball’s break.

The Cutter

When compared to the regular two-seam fastball, the cutter or cut fastball is more difficult to throw, but it is well worth the effort for those who can master it. A cutter goes from the centre or heart of the plate to the right side of the batter’s hands, where he makes contact with him. On the Major League level, this pitch is thrown in the high 80’s to mid 90’s and will result in a large number of shattered bats being thrown.

Off-Speed Pitches

Take a little bit away from the ball, and you’ll find that your pitches have more rotation and movement. When you give up speed, you gain movement, and it is via movement that off-speed pitches accomplish their goals. These are often thrown to throw off the batter’s concentration.

The Curveball

The Curveball is the most commonly used breaking ball or off-speed pitch in the game of baseball. Curveballs are classified into two categories: the regular 12-6 overhand curveball and the large, sweeping curveball that cuts down and away from the throwing arm.

Both of these curveballs are delivered with the index and middle fingers of your right hand along the seam of the baseball. In order to generate the breaking action when releasing the pitch, you must snap your wrist straight down.

The Slider

Because of the abrupt break that happens during the delivery, the slider is a favorite “put away” pitch in the baseball world. A slider is gripped in a similar manner as a curveball, with the same fingers running down the seam as with the curveball. The difference between the two pitches is that when the pitcher launches an attempted slider, you should snap your wrist across rather than down. This causes the ball to rotate abruptly down and across the pitcher’s body, causing him to lose his grip on the ball.

The Changeup

The changeup is the second most commonly used breaking ball or off-speed pitch in baseball after the fastball. A changeup is thrown out of the pitcher’s hand in the same manner as a fastball, but it is significantly slower and has a little amount of movement down in the strike zone as opposed to the fastball. A fastball and a changeup from the same pitcher can have a velocity differential of ten to fifteen miles per hour at the major league level, depending on the player’s experience. A changeup is thrown when a pitcher inserts three fingers at the very top of the ball and throws it.

The Circle Changeup

The circle changeup is a more difficult variation of a changeup to throw, but it has more movement than the other versions. The pitcher must first make the “ok” sign with his or her throwing hand before placing the ball across his or her middle, ring, and pinky fingers to throw a circle changeup. Those three fingers are placed in the same manner in which the changeup is tossed. With movement down and in to a right-handed batter, the circle changeup will roll off the three smaller fingers and generate more rotation and less speed naturally, with more rotation and less speed naturally.

11 Types of Baseball Pitches (and How to Throw Them)

Being a good baseball pitcher entails more than simply standing on the mound and throwing the ball as hard as you can towards the other team. As any baseball player is well aware, a pitcher’s ability to throw both hard (in most situations) and precise baseball pitches is essential in the sport. A pitcher may choose to throw a pitch inside, outside, high, or low depending on the scenario of the game. Being ability to place pitches exactly where he wants them is essential for a successful pitcher.

Pitchers must be able to learn and master a variety of different pitches.

Softer throws with specific breaks are another.

Having the ability to alter up your pitches as a pitcher will help you to keep batters off balance, which is essential if you want to induce swing-and-misses or merely mild contact from hitters. Here are the 11 most often used baseball pitches, as well as instructions on how to throw them.

11 Baseball Pitches

A fastball is the most direct of all the pitches in the baseball game. Toward the plate, it’s hurled with force and precision. It is the first pitch that all pitchers must learn and perfect before they can go to learning and mastering other baseball pitches. Fastballs can be divided into two categories: 1. Afour -seam fastball with a change of pace 2. A two-seam fastball with two seams The former is frequently thrown with greater force, but the latter has significantly more movement and is frequently simpler to manage.

  • In order to throw a four-seamer, you must place your index and middle fingers across the seams on the ball at the point where they join together to make a horseshoe shape.
  • It is just the location of your index and middle fingers that changes when you switch to a two-seamer style of fishing.
  • Instead of crossing the seams with your fingertips, you should follow them.
  • Allow the ball to come out of your hands in a straight line, with the ball rolling from the base of your fingers to the tips of your fingers.

2. The Changeup

The changeup is the second baseball pitch that most people learn to throw after the fastball. Its purpose is to deceive batters into believing you are throwing a fastball when in fact you are not. This pitch, on the other hand, will be delivered considerably more slowly than a fastball and will have far more movement. The three-finger changeup is the most prevalent manner to throw a changeup in the game of baseball. To hold this pitch, place your ring, middle, and index fingers on the top of the ball, centered on the ball’s surface.

  • When throwing a changeup, the ball should sit back in the palm of your hand, as opposed to when throwing a fastball.
  • This pitch should be thrown in the same manner as a fastball.
  • The way you hold the baseball will have an effect on how quickly it will naturally slow down.
  • To do this, place your middle, ring, and pinkie fingers on the top of the ball, centered on them.
  • Then, bend your index finger down such that it reaches the knuckle of your thumb, forming a circle with your thumb.
  • In order to make this pitch, you need place the ball all the way in the rear of your hand.

Once you’ve done that, wrap your four fingers around the ball, placing your ring and index fingers on either side of the ball and your thumb squarely below the ball. To read the rest of my piece on throwing the “Changeup,” please visit this link.

3. The Curveball

A curveball is the most straightforward breaking pitch. When compared to the fastball, it is the second most often used pitch in baseball. As it gets closer to the plate, this pitch will sink down and to the side a bit. Not only will it shatter, but it will also be significantly slower than a fastball. For a simple curveball, place your middle finger at the ball’s bottom seam and your thumb along the seam on the rear of the ball, as shown below. At this moment, it is OK to keep your index finger off the ball.

When you release the ball, it should snap out of your hand from top to bottom, as if it were a rubber band.

Be aware that the ball will end up where your index finger is pointing at any time.

A 12-6 curveball is as easy to throw as aiming a bit higher and snapping your fingers in a straight downward motion with your index and middle fingers.

4. The Slider

A slider may be a very effective breaking pitch when used properly. This baseball pitch, which is thrown harder and has a sharper break than a curveball, is one of the most difficult to learn to throw. To hold the pitch, start by pinching your index and middle fingers together tightly across one of the ball’s outside seams. Then, insert your thumb beneath the seam on the other side of the ball, toward the interior of the ball. As your thumb approaches those other two fingers, the pitch of your voice will begin to deteriorate.

Hold the ball in such a way that the pressure is applied to the side of your index finger that is closest to your thumb while you play.

Finally, swivel your wrist toward the thumb side of your throwing hand to guarantee that you can release the ball with good technique.

To read the rest of my post on throwing the “Slider,” please visit this link.

5. The Knuckleball

A knuckleball is one of the most surprising pitches in the game of baseball. The ball does not spin like other baseball pitches, but rather glides and advances toward the plate as it approaches the plate. Instead of using your fingers to hold the ball, you’ll be using your knuckles to do so with this pitch. Using your middle and pointer fingers, create an arch with your middle and pointer fingers. Then, tuck them beneath one of the ball’s horseshoe seams to complete the look. Dig your fingernails into the seam in the centre of the ball, and hold it securely in your hands.

If you want to play a three-finger knuckleball, simply place your ring finger on top of the ball.

When you play a four-finger knuckleball, your ring finger will come to the top of the ball, with your thumb supplying the necessary stabilizing force.

The ball should be released by pushing it out from your fingertips, rather than letting it glide off your fingers, when you are ready to release the ball. That is what will cause the ball to move in an unusual manner. To read the rest of my piece on tossing the “Knuckleball,” please visit this link.

6. The Sinker

A sinker may be a devastating “out” pitch, since it dives aggressively toward the earth at the last minute, causing the batter to lose his or her balance. This can result in a high number of swing-and-misses and light-hit groundballs. To hold it, wrap your index finger around the seam that is closest to your fingertip and pinch it together (right seam for right-handed pitchers, for example). Your middle finger should be pointed toward the center of the ball. Initially, it will be close to your index finger and will wrap around the ball.

It should be vertically aligned with the index finger of your right hand.

As you release your arm, raise it to a high position and then lower it.

This will cause it to experience a late downward motion.

7. The Screwball

A screwball is difficult to distinguish from other breaking pitches because it travels in the opposite direction to the plate. The ball will not be directed away from right-handed hitters, but rather toward them. Using the example of a right-handed pitcher throwing a curveball, a right-handed hitter will be able to avoid it. A screwball, on the other hand, will head straight towards them. To grab it, place your middle and pointer fingers on the top of the ball and squeeze them together. Your pointer should be pointing at the inside of the inner seam, and your middle finger should be about an inch away from it.

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As you deliver the message, draw your arm down in an arching motion while keeping it snug to your side.

When you’re right-handed, keep your knuckles pointing inside toward your body, and spin your wrist counterclockwise if you’re left-handed.

8. The Forkball

An example of this would be the forkball, which is identical to a four-finger fastball except that it is pitched slower and with a stronger downward spin. As a result, it is a very destructive pitch. It is, however, a difficult skill to perfect. Start with a two-seam fastball grip to get a feel for it. Then, expand your index and middle fingers as wide as you possibly can. When you’re finished, make sure that both of these fingers are outside of the seams. The inside of these fingers should be pressed against the outer seam of the ball on their side of the ball.

After then, keep your hold on the ball tight.

The ball should be firmly squeezed between your index and middle fingers on the back of your hand.

You should snap your wrist down as the ball exits your hand when you are ready to release. This will cause it to take a severe tumble down. It will give the ball the required topspin to make it spin. To read the rest of my piece on tossing the “Forkball,” click here.

9. The Slurve

A slurve is a mix of a slider and a curveball in a single pitch. It has some of the same motion as the other two pitches and has gained in popularity in recent years due to this. If you want to grab the ball, place your middle finger on the ball first, along its right seam. Then, place your index finger immediately next to it, making sure that the two fingers are touching one another. Your other two fingers should be bent and placed on the side of the ball as well. However, you should avoid putting too much pressure on the ball when dealing with them.

  1. Your thumb should be straight, not bent, when you are writing.
  2. The palm of your hand should be facing home plate just before you release it.
  3. When you release the ball, snap your wrist to produce a downward break on the ball with your hands.
  4. To read the rest of my piece on throwing the “Slurve,” please visit this link.

10. The Cutter

Cutter fastballs, sometimes known as cut-fastballs, are a little modification on the regular fastball. This pitch looks very much like a curveball, but it doesn’t have the same dramatic break as a curveball. In addition, the movement of a cutter is substantially later than that of a curveball. Consequently, it is a good pitch to include in your arsenal. The cutter should be gripped in the same way as a two-seam fastball would be. The other three fingers are used to make the necessary adjustments.

  • Choose a position that is most comfortable for you at this time.
  • Your thumb should be about in the 4:00 or 5:00 position when you’re reading this.
  • Then, by applying more pressure to the ball with your middle finger, you’ll be able to “lead.” Throw the cutter in the same manner as you would a fastball.
  • However, if you make a point of maintaining extra pressure on that middle finger, it will result in the late movement you desire.

11. The Splitter

A splitter, often known as a split-finger fastball, is a pitch that many hard-throwing pitchers employ as a “out” pitch. As soon as the ball hits the plate, it essentially “drops off the table,” as the saying goes. It begins off looking like a fastball, but if thrown properly, it will end up towards the bottom of the plate. To begin, begin your grip in the same manner as you would for a fastball. Then, using your middle and pointer fingers, break the seam of the ball in half. Each finger should be resting on top of the seam on the outside edge of the ball, as shown in the illustration.

Using this method, you will be able to generate the necessary topspin to throw splitters instead of fastballs.

In order to deliver your pitch effectively, keep your elbow high and over your shoulder.

If you release the pitch too soon, it will rise to an unacceptably high level. If you release your product too late, it will fall well short of the mark. To read the rest of my post on throwing the “Splitter,” click here.

Pitching Grips (Cheat Sheet): How To Throw 8 Different Baseball Pitches

HomeArticles Gloves for Pitching Learn more about my pitchers’ exercise routines here. The proper method of developing functional strength should be used. Discover my pitching routines and throwing plans for athletes that are dedicated to their craft and refuse to accept defeat. More information may be found here. Before we go into the specifics of different baseball pitching grips, let’s get one thing out of the way first. Clayton Kershaw throws a curveball that is just crazy. Take a look at it right here: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image.

  1. You’d be hard pressed to come up with a better curveball in baseball than this one.
  2. It’s been mentioned many times before that hitting is all about timing.
  3. FREE MONTHLY NEWSLETTER Sign up for my daily pitching tips email newsletter to receive exclusive tips and insights that are not available anywhere else on the web.
  4. Several essential baseball grips involved with pitching are covered on this page, including how to pitch a fastball, how to pitch a changeup, and how to pitch a curveball.
  5. Let’s get this party started.

1. Four-seam fastball

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. According to MLB statistics, the four-seam fastball is the most frequently used pitch in baseball. Four-seamers account for 35.3 percent of all pitches thrown in the major leagues, and on average, they travel at a velocity of 92.9 miles per hour on the ground. So, who do you think has the greatest four-seam fastball in baseball at the moment? Madison Bumgarner gets my vote because she has the following qualities: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image.

The fact that he is not scared to throw the ball with two strikes distinguishes him from other pitchers.

According to one measure that I find very intriguing, known as True Average, Bumgarner’s fastball is the second-best in the league.

2. Two-seam fastball

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. According to MLB statistics, the two-seam fastball or sinker is the second-most common pitch in the major leagues, accounting for 21.8 percent of all pitches thrown at an average speed of 91.7 mph. The two-seam fastball or sinker is thrown at an average speed of 91.7 mph. As their name implies, these pitches “sink,” meaning that they land lower in the strike zone than their four-seam counterparts do. So, who do you think has the greatest two-seam fastball in baseball at the moment?

Zach Britton receives my endorsement: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image. If there is one reliever who has been dominant with only one pitch, it is Zach Britton. He has been great with his two-seamer with a sinker for the most of his career.

3. Change up

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. According to MLB statistics, the changeup accounts for 9.5 percent of all pitches thrown in the majors and travels at an average speed of 83.6 miles per hour, demonstrating the opposite use trend as the slider does. It’s interesting to note that lefties seldom employ it against their own kind, but they do it frequently against righties. Likewise, right-handed pitchers employ it far more frequently against left-handed batters. Every time, an opposite-handed hitter faces a changeup, he or she is nearly four times as likely to see one than a same-handed batter is.

Which player now possesses the greatest changeup in the majors?

Hernandez threw the changeup more than any other starting pitcher in MLB, according to Baseball Prospectus.

The pitch is not only the greatest in its class, but it is also one of the top pitches in the whole game, according to many experts.

4. Curveball

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. According to Major League Baseball statistics, curveballs account for just 9.9 percent of all pitches thrown in the majors. They also provide an overall location signature that is comparable to the slider, but they do not produce variances that are nearly as extreme in terms of frequency or efficiency as the slider. The curveball is also the slowest pitch in Major League Baseball, clocking in at an average speed of around 78 mph. So, who has the best curveball in baseball right now, and how can you know?

According to the Washington Post, Betances’s curveball (orslurve) produced an incredible.075 batting average and.124 slugging percentage in 2014, by and away the greatest stats among pitchers who threw at least 300 curveballs throughout the season.

The fact that it is one of only two pitches thrown by the man is the most astounding of all.

And, despite the fact that everyone knows it’s coming, it can’t be stopped from happening.

5. Slider

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. Sliders rank third among major league pitching statistics, and they are the most often used breaking ball. They account for 14.1 percent of all pitches thrown and travel at an average speed of 83.9 mph, according to MLB figures. When pitching against a batter who has the same dominant hand as the pitcher, pitchers are significantly more likely to employ the slider; the slider is often far more successful against a “same-handed” batter. And as pitchers become older, they want to be able to take advantage of any single benefit that comes their way.

My vote goes to Corey Kluber, who is as follows: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image.

He has the best horizontal movement of any pitcher in baseball, breaking an average of 10 inches to the left while sinking nearly three inches on the other side. This is the slider that will outperform all other sliders.

6. Splitter

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. Pitchers who are older and more experienced who want to add another nasty weapon to their arsenal to help them get more outs and win more games can consider using the split-finger fastball. Roger Clemens was a supreme master of the splitter during his career. So, who do you think has the best splitter in baseball at the moment? It is Joaquin Benoit who receives my vote: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image. With 41 strikeouts, one walk, and four singles in 68 at-bats, the splitter was a productive weapon in 2014.

That splitter nastiness is superior to that of any other pitcher in the game at this point in time.

7. Sinker

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. The sinker is simply a two-seam fastball (see my definition of the two seamer above), except that it dips or drops downward rather than running to the throwing hand side of the plate. Pitchers may get their two seamer to act more like a sinker or more like a regular two seam fastball depending on how much they pronate their wrist at the moment of release.

8. Cutter

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. Due to its ability to be thrown safely while keeping decent throwing velocity, the cut fastball has become the fastest growing pitch in the baseball community. Mariano Rivera, without a doubt, was the greatest pitcher in the history of the game. So, who do you think has the best cutter in baseball at the moment? Adam Wainwright gets my vote because he has the following qualifications: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image. Even while it isn’t a violent strikeout pitch, nor is the movement/velocity extraordinary, it is an excellent “main” pitch for a player who has a wide range of pitches in his or her arsenal.

5 tips for learning new grips

Listed below are five considerations to bear in mind when learning new baseball pitches with various baseball pitching grips.

  1. Fastballs account for at least 70% of all pitches thrown by pitchers in any one game. For younger children, this is the maximum amount of throws they will make. As a result, here is where you should naturally devote the most of your time
  2. Keep your expectations reasonable when learning a new pitching technique. Remember, it’s very new, so don’t expect everything to be perfect right immediately, including the spin and placement. These tasks require time to complete. When learning a new baseball pitching grip, patience is essential
  3. I would like to see you excel at a few pitches rather than mediocre at a large number of pitches. Attempting to acquire various throwing grips at the same time would almost certainly reduce your effectiveness on the pitches you’ll be using the most. Besides screwballs and knuckleballs, other pitches like as screwballs and knuckleballs just aren’t important for 99 percent of the throwing population, particularly in Little League and high school baseball. Concentrate on the pitches that have the greatest potential to contribute to your success
  4. Have fun! Learning different throwing grips is enjoyable since it allows you to improve your pitching ability, which is the ultimate goal.

Learn more about my workout programs for pitchers

When it comes to baseball, one of the most common myths is that playing the game keeps you in condition to pitch. That would be fantastic if it were true. It is not the case. Preparation is critical in order to go to the next level. Pitchers in the major leagues spend significantly more time preparing to prepare than they do actually pitching. You may learn more about my fitness and pitching programs for baseball pitchers of all ages if you feel that increasing your velocity will be vital to your future success.

What do you think?

What I want to know now is whether you know of any throwing grips that I may have overlooked. Alternatively, perhaps you have an idea for how I might improve this post even further. In any case, please leave a remark and let me know. WHAT TO READ NEXT: 7 Ways to Improve Your Pitching Command (For All Types of Pitches)

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