What Baseball Player Is Santiago’S Hero In The Old Man And The Sea

The Great Joe DiMaggio & Baseball in The Old Man and the Sea: Symbolism & Use – Video & Lesson Transcript

Joseph Altnether is the instructor. Include a biography Joe has been a college English instructor for numerous years. He holds a Bachelor’s degree in Russian studies as well as a Master’s degree in English literature from Columbia University. “The Old Man and the Sea” by Ernest Hemingway has the baseball motif. Examine the author’s use of baseball and Joe DiMaggio references, as well as their symbolic importance and the relationship between DiMaggio’s bone spurs and Santiago’s illnesses. Discussion questions include: The most recent update was made on January 6, 2022.


The sport of baseball is one with which many youth in the United States are intimately acquainted. They have either participated in the game themselves, seen it on television, or attended a game with their family and friends. Throughout Cuba, which serves as the background for Hemingway’s novel The Old Man and the Sea, baseball is regarded as a national sport and pastime. It has a particular place in the hearts of everyone who have experienced it. Santiago, the elderly gentleman who travels out to sea to fish, exemplifies this enthusiasm.

As a result, he doesn’t want Manolin spending his time in his company.

  • The activities like fishing and baseball help to strengthen their relationship.
  • It is possible that some of their opinions are impacted by who has “come here the most times.” ‘ Appearances in Cuba are quite important to the general public.
  • It allows him to maintain his concentration and avoid being deluded.
  • This is in addition to baseball.

Joe DiMaggio

The fact that someone like Santiago has such an intense regard and appreciation for baseball implies that he has a favorite team. Yes, he does. Santiago is a huge fan of the New York Yankees. A large part of his optimism for the future of the squad, which he shares with Manolin, comes from a single player, who is also his friend and confidant. Joe DiMaggio is the player in question. It is Joe DiMaggio, he informs Manolin, who is the one who “makes the difference.” What is it about Joe DiMaggio that makes him so special?

It is said that as a result of this, Santiago and Joe DiMaggio have formed a friendship.

“Joe DiMaggio would stay with a fish as long as I am with this one?” Santiago makes a comparison between himself and Joe DiMaggio, presumably in an attempt to assess his own worth or potential success.

The legendary Joe DiMaggio, he urges Manolin, should be in his thoughts.

He aspires to the high standards set by Joe DiMaggio, who he considers to be an inspiration. Joe DiMaggio represents an aspect of Santiago’s personality.

Bone Spurs

Physical problems are an unavoidable part of everyday living. Over time, everyone experiences some degree of soreness and pain, which is exacerbated by engaging in physical activity, whether at work or in sports. Joe DiMaggio plays baseball while suffering from bone spurs, which are jagged pieces of bone that can cause intense agony if they compress a nerve or joint in the body. Santiago has a cramp in his left hand, which makes it difficult to type. There are no bone spurs, yet the hands and back pain tremendously,” says the patient.

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The Old Man and the Sea: Joe DiMaggio Quotes

“I’d want to take the great DiMaggio fishing,” the elderly gentleman expressed his desire. “They claim his father was a fisherman,” says the author. Perhaps he was in the same situation as we are and would understand.” After dinner on the first day, Santiago and Manolin talk about professional baseball, and Santiago confesses his affection for Joe DiMaggio, who is also in attendance. As a result of his father’s occupation as a fisherman and the fact that his family was presumably destitute, DiMaggio embodies talent and a comparable familial history.

  • But I must have faith in myself and strive to be worthy of the great DiMaggio, who performs flawlessly despite the agony from a bone spur in his heel.
  • Santiago turns to DiMaggio for motivation on a number of occasions throughout his stay at sea.
  • Despite the fact that Santiago is experiencing agony and suffering, he tells himself that DiMaggio, his idol, is also experiencing these things but has persevered despite his suffering.
  • he wondered aloud.
  • While wondering how long he will be able to hold the line, Santiago compares himself to his role model.

DiMaggio embodies the ideal hero: he is youthful, talented, physically powerful, and tough.

Why is there so much talk about baseball, especially Joe DiMaggio, in The Old Man and the Sea?

The setting for Ernest Hemingway’s novel The Old Man and the Sea is Cuba and the surrounding area. Baseball’s popularity in Cuba began to develop in the late 1800s, and by the time of the events depicted in The Old Man and the Sea, baseball had established itself as a national sport and pastime, similar to, for example, hockey in Canada or soccer (football) in Brazil, among others. The presence of a retired Cuban fisherman who enjoys talking about baseball seems believable given Hemingway’s environment.

Joe DiMaggio, who was and continues to be regarded as the greatest baseball player in history, epitomizes the ideal of what a man should be, according to Santiago.

A prominent theme of The Old Man and the Sea is the concept of striving and persisting in order to finally redeem one’s particular existence via one’s life’s work, which is crucial to the tension between the two characters.

What baseball team is mentioned in The Old Man and the Sea?

Santiago specifically mentions the New York Yankees of the American League, but he also makes passing references to a few of other clubs. Santiago, an elderly fisherman who has been without catching anything for eighty-four days, finds himself in a precarious predicament. If it weren’t for a small child named Manolin, who steals, everything would be OK.

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Start your free 48-hour trial today to have access to this and hundreds of other answers. Enjoy eNotes without interruptions and cancel at any time. Get Free Access for the Next 48 Hours Are you already a member? Please log in here. Santiago specifically mentions the New York Yankees of the American League, but he also makes passing references to a few of other clubs. Santiago, an elderly fisherman who has been without catching anything for eighty-four days, finds himself in a precarious predicament.

  1. Manolin’s old buddy Santiago joins him for dinner, and the youngster begs Santiago to explain him about baseball after Manolin delivers him food.
  2. While Santiago admires DiMaggio for his athletic talent, he is equally impressed by the player’s capacity to bear excruciating agony from heel spurs as well as shoulder instability that occasionally explodes out of its socket.
  3. As the elderly man and Manolin discuss baseball throughout the novella’s exposition, Santiago makes a passing reference to Dick Sisler.
  4. Louis Cardinals before joining the Philadelphia Phillies.
  5. McGraw, who was a star third baseman for the Baltimore Orioles and one of the first baseball stars, as well as the famous manager of the New York Giants in his later years.

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Why is the baseball player Joe DiMaggio so important in The Old Man and the Sea? Why does the Old Man love and admire him so much? How does Hemingway.

To Santiago, Joe DiMaggio is always referred to as “the great” Joe DiMaggio. To paraphrase Santiago’s words, DiMaggio is the one who “does everything flawlessly.” Santiago aspires to be the “ideal fisherman” in the same way as DiMaggio does. DiMaggo is someone he may look up to as a role model. Because of DiMaggio’s presence, Santiago feels a connection with him.

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Start your free 48-hour trial today to have access to this and hundreds of other answers. Enjoy eNotes without interruptions and cancel at any time. Get Free Access for the Next 48 Hours Are you already a member? Please log in here. To Santiago, Joe DiMaggio is always referred to as “the great” Joe DiMaggio. To paraphrase Santiago’s words, DiMaggio is the one who “does everything flawlessly.” Santiago aspires to be the “ideal fisherman” in the same way as DiMaggio does. DiMaggo is someone he may look up to as a role model.

  • Santiago uses DiMaggio as a method to connect with the child Manolin, who shares his interest in baseball.
  • Santiago’s sentiments about his relationship with and identity as a fan of DiMaggio are best expressed in his statement: “I would want to take the great DiMaggio fishing.” They claim that his father worked as a fisherman.
  • Beyond that, Santiago admires DiMaggio for his ability to perform at a high level while frequently being in agony.
  • Because of his age, Santiago must overcome his own difficulties in order to be a successful fisherman, and DiMaggio acts as an inspiration to him.
  • In summary, Santiago admires and reveres DiMaggio as a guy who comes from a modest background and who has reached greatness through hard effort and perseverance, and who continues to be great because he does not allow barriers such as pain to keep him from achieving his goals.
  • One may come to the conclusion that role models are significant motivators because they assist us grasp what we value and what we are capable of.
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Why is DiMaggio so important to santiago?

What is Dimaggio’s background, and why does Sergio admire him? On 5/16/20116:03 PM, Sandra l185951 received an answer from a user. The most recent edit was made by hanzla s258305 on 7/11/20121:21 AM.


Please Include Yours. Aslan responded to your question on 5/16/20117:19 PM. Joe DiMaggio signifies a variety of things to the elderly gentleman. Santiago considers DiMaggio to be on an equal footing with him. Specifically, one whose father was a poor fisherman, exactly like his own father. His thoughts turned to whether the great DiMaggio would ever last as long as he did and he promptly answered to himself that DiMaggio is young and strong, and his father was also a fisherman, so he, of course, would continue to play.

Given both Santiago and DiMaggio come from similar backgrounds, Santiago believed that DiMaggio would understand him.

Joe DiMaggio also symbolizes the optimism that the old man has for Manolin’s future.

He hopes that the youngster will grow up and become as famous as the great DiMaggio so that he will no longer be a poor fisherman like himself. Please visit the source link provided below for further information on where this passage was taken.


Hanzla s258305 responded on 7/11/20121:21 AM to your question. The baseball great Joe DiMaggio was a role model for Santiago, and he was also influenced by him. There were certain similarities between DiMaggio and the old guy, such as the fact that DiMaggio’s father was a poor fisherman, much like the elderly man (Santiago). Santiago believed that DiMaggio would be able to grasp his emotions.

What does Joe DiMaggio represent in The Old Man and the Sea?

Baseball player is my profession. For Santiago, the Marlins, Joe DiMaggio, and the lions are all emblems of inspiration. When it comes to lions, Santiago’s childhood fantasies come true, and it is youth that he longs for the most as he grows older. Santiago’s pride and strength are represented by DiMaggio, who, like Santiago, was injured by a painful bone spur but was able to continue his baseball career despite the setback. Similarly, what makes Joe DiMaggio a hero in the eyes of the Chilean people?

  1. DiMaggioembodies the ideal hero: he is youthful, talented, physically powerful, and tough.
  2. Because DiMaggio’s father is a fisherman, and they have excellent insurance and are well-protected against accidents.
  3. It is only when Manolin is there that he has the feeling of being on a team, and this is crucial.
  4. However, Santiago’s respect for Joe DiMaggio is maybe much more crucial.

Role of DiMaggio in “The Old Man and the Sea” by Ernest Hemingway

DiMaggio, the renowned baseball star, is a vivid repeating memory of the old man, as is the youngster, who is also a reoccurring memory in the novella “The Old Man and the Sea.” His admiration for DiMaggio is deep, and his recollection of the youngster, as well as the boy’s own, provides him with renewed vigor as he battles the elements at sea. The great player, DiMaggio, has a unique connection to him since his father was a fisherman, and he wanted to take the great player fishing. The great Joe DiMaggio serves as an example for him in his pursuit of perfection.

In the event that DiMaggio suffers from a bone spur, Santiago’s hands and back are equally painful, and this provides him with some joy.

After catching and killing the enormous marlin, the elderly guy is pleased with himself and believes that the great DiMaggio would be pleased with him. In addition, read: What is the metaphorical significance of Python in Girish Karnad’s novel “Tughlaq”?

The Importance Of Baseball In Hemingway’s Old Man And The Sea

If a reader has no prior knowledge of baseball before reading Hemingway’s Old Man and the Sea, the novel might enlighten their eyes to the significance of the sport to the main character, Santiago. A struggling fishermen, baseball provides him with the motivation to continue fishing despite the difficulties he faces. He makes repeated allusions to this cherished sport, as well as to a former Yankees star named DiMaggio. Baseball represents the moral bravery of the elderly gentleman. DiMaggio is a role model for the elderly, and baseball keeps him going by instilling a sense of competition and youthfulness in him.

  • Despite the numerous difficulties he encounters, DiMaggio is a successful businessman who never gives up.
  • Every time the elderly gentleman has a problem, he constantly refers to.
  • Despite the fact that baseball is not addressed throughout the novel, the elderly guy gets the thrill of victory when he catches the fish.
  • He doesn’t need to rely on recollection to satisfy this emotion because he is experiencing it right now.
  • In order to win the fish, every second counts at this point in the game.
  • Not only does it elicit feelings of excitement, but it also inspires confidence: “Have trust in the Yankees, my son.” Consider the legendary DiMaggio” (Hemingway, p.
  • Losing trust in baseball would imply a loss of faith in one’s own abilities.
  • Santiago finds happiness in the game of baseball.
  • Additionally, he represents the common guy who, through patience and determination, achieves out of the ordinary achievements.
  • Baseball may only be a sport to some, but for others, it is a source of pride and self-reliance.

The Old Man and the Sea – Wikipedia

The Old Man and the Sea

Original book cover
Author Ernest Hemingway
Country United States
Language English
Genre Literary Fiction
Published 1952 (Charles Scribner’s Sons)
Media type Print (hardbackpaperback)
Pages 127
Awards Pulitzer Prize for Fiction(1953)Nobel Prize in Literature(1954)
ISBN 0-684-80122-1
Dewey Decimal 813.52
LC Class PS3515.E37

A novella written by the American author Ernest Hemingway in 1951 in Cayo Blanco, Cuba, and published in 1952 under the title “The Old Man and the Sea.” It was Hemingway’s final major work of fiction to be published during his lifetime, and it was also his last significant piece of nonfiction. Santiago, an aged Cuban fisherman who is battling with a gigantic marlin far out in the Gulf Stream off the coast of Cuba, is the subject of this piece, which is one of his most renowned works.

The novel The Old Man and the Sea was won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1953, and the Nobel Committee cited it as a factor in giving Hemingway the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954 for his contribution to literature.

Plot summary

In this story, Santiago is an elderly, seasoned fisherman who has been fishing for eighty-four days without catching a single fish. Salao (a colloquial version of the word salado, which literally translates as salty) is currently considered the worst kind of unlucky. In order to support his family, Manolin, a young guy whom Santiago has been training from boyhood, has been compelled to work on a more fortunate boat. Every night, Manolin returns to Santiago’s fishing shack, where he unloads his fishing gear, prepares meals, and engages in conversation about American baseball, specifically about Santiago’s favorite player, Joe DiMaggio.

  1. On the eighty-fifth day of his unfortunate streak, Santiago opts to take his skiffout before the game has even begun.
  2. As a result of this, he is reluctant to connect his line to his boat for fear that an unexpected jolt from the fish could snap his line.
  3. While the marlin drags him away from the shore, he provides slack as required.
  4. His hands are sliced by the line, his body is weary, and he gets little sleep.
  5. He comes to the conclusion that no one is worthy enough to consume the marlin.
  6. Santiago, who is on the verge of passing out, drags the line inward, bringing the marlin closer to the boat.
  7. Santiago lashes the fish to the side of his boat after determining that it is too huge to fit in the skiff’s holding capacity.

Sharks are attracted to the blood trail left by the dead marlin.

He uses his harpoon to kill a greatmako shark, but he misplaces the weapon.

Prior to the blade of the knife snapping, he kills three more sharks and clubbs two more sharks into submission with the club.

The following night, a whole school of sharks shows up.

Immediately after breaking the oar, Santiago tears off the skiff’s stiller and continues to battle.

He informs the sharks that they have destroyed his dreams.

Eventually, he makes it to his hut, leaving the fish head and bones behind in the boat.

Manolin tracks down Santiago the next morning.

A gathering of fisherman has gathered around the marlin’s carcass to watch the proceedings.

The fisherman ask Manolin to inform Santiago of their apologies on their behalf.

When Santiago comes to, he gives the fish’s head to Pedrico, who is grateful. He and Manolin have agreed to go fishing together once more. Once again, Santiago drifts off to sleep, where he dreams of his boyhood as well as of lions on an African beach.

Background and publication

There has never been a decent work produced that did not contain symbols that were chosen in advance and inserted. I attempted to create a realistic old guy, a realistic youngster, a realistic sea, as well as realistic fish and sharks. However, if I were to make them excellent and accurate enough, they would mean many other things. In 1954, Ernest Hemingway was born. The Old Man and the Seais a novel that was written in 1951. ‘The Old Man and the Sea’ was Hemingway’s final full-length work to be published during his lifetime.

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The book was dedicated to Charlie Scribner and Hemingway’s literary editor, Max Perkins, and was simultaneously published in book and magazine form.

The Old Man and the Seabee was chosen as a Book of the Month Club pick, and Hemingway became a celebrity as a result.

Hemingway became an international fame as a result of the popularity of The Old Man and the Sea.

Literary significance and criticism

The Story of the Old Man and the Sea The novel helped to restore Hemingway’s literary standing and inspired a reexamination of his whole body of work on the part of the public. Many readers’ belief in Hemingway’s talent as an author was restored when the novel was first published, and the work continued to be well-received for some time after that. On an early dust jacket, the novel’s publisher, Scribner’s, referred to it as a “new classic,” and many critics praised it for being “as good as” such works as William Faulkner’s 1942 short story, “The Bluest Eye.” The novelMoby-Dick by Herman Melville was published in 1851.

  • “Santiago is a Spaniard who lives in Cuba,” Jeffrey Herlihy observes, and his “Spanish personality is an absent but ever-present component in the story,” according to Herlihy.
  • This “nostalgic reminiscing—which is for the Canary Islands, not Cuba, evidences the resonant impacts of Santiago’s Spanish/Canarian identity, foregrounding the migratory experience of the elderly man as the novella’s secret base,” according to the novella’s introduction.
  • It was in the Bahamas in 1935 when Ernest Hemingway and Henry (“Mike”) Strater were able to land the remaining 500 lbs of a 1000 lb marlin that had been half-eaten by sharks before being landed.
  • Chilean author Gregorio Fuentes was a blue-eyed guy born on the island of Lanzarote, in the Canary Islands, who many critics feel was an influence for Santiago.
  • In 2001, Fuentes tried to restore his Spanish citizenship after 82 years in Cuba.
  • Moreover, critics have pointed out that Santiago was at least 22 years old when he came from Spain to Cuba, making him old enough to be deemed an immigrant—and so a foreigner—in the country.
  • The Bible, which he referred to as “The Sea Book,” is referenced in the book in terms of relationships.

In On the Blue Water: A Gulf Stream Letter, Hemingway recalls a real-life story of an elderly fisherman that is nearly identical to Santiago’s and his marlin’s encounter in On the Blue Water (Esquire, April 1936).

Waldmeir’s response to the question “What is the book’s message?” is perhaps the most remembered assertion in the book.

Waldmeir pondered the significance of the novel’s Christian imagery, particularly Hemingway’s allusion to the Crucifixion of Christ following Santiago’s glimpse of the sharks, which reads: “Ay,” he said loudly.

No translation exists for this term, and it is possible that it is simply a noise that a man could make spontaneously as he feels the nail pass through his hands and into the wood.

Weeks is considered to be one of the most vociferous detractors of The Old Man and the Sea.

Weeks argues that the difference between the effectiveness with which Hemingway employs this characteristic device in his best work and in The Old Man and the Seais illuminating when comparing this novel to Hemingway’s previous works.

This is remarkable because one would expect no inaccuracy, no romanticizing of natural objects, from a writer who despisesW.

H. Hudson, could not readThoreau, despises Melville’s rhetoric inMoby Dick, and who was himself criticized by other writers, most notably Faulkner, for his devotion to the facts and his unwonted adherence to the


In 1954, Hemingway expressed his desire to present his gold medal from the Nobel Prize in Literature to the Cuban people. For the sake of not handing it over to the Batista regime, he presented it to the Catholic Church for exhibition in the sanctuary at El Cobre, a little village west of Santiago de Cuba where the Marian imageof Our Lady of Charity is housed. The Swedish award was stolen in the mid-1980s, but it was recovered by the police within a few days after the theft. In total, three cinematic adaptations of The Old Man and the Sea have been produced: a 1958 feature starring Spencer Tracy, an Anthony Quinn-led 1990 miniseries starring Anthony Quinn, and an animated short film released in 1999.

It is frequently taught in high schools as part of the literary curriculum in the United States.

In 2003, the book was ranked number 173 on the BBC’s The Big Readpoll of the United Kingdom’s 200 “best-loved novels,” which was conducted by the BBC.


  1. “Dolphin” is a popular name for dolphinfish, and it is used to refer to this particular fish. This dolphinfish is identified by Santiago as such on page 73 of his book, where he refers to it as dorado (notdelfin).


  1. “From Ernest Hemingway to the Editors of Life,” the author writes. Life magazine, August 25, 1952, issue number 8, page 124. ISSN0024-3019. It was for this novel, The Old Man and the Sea, that Hemingway won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. It is a 27,000-word novel written in the first person. The Nobel Peace Prize Foundation. “Books: An American Storyteller,” which was retrieved on March 23, 2020. The date was December 13, 1954. p. 5
  2. Hemingway, The Old Man and the Sea, p. 5
  3. Maxwell Perkins and his sons (2004). Bruccoli, Matthew J.
  4. Baughman, Judith B.
  5. Bruccoli, Matthew J. (eds.). The letters of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Thomas Wolfe, and their editor are presented to the sons of Maxwell Perkins. abMeyers 1985, p. 489
  6. Oliver 1999, p. 247
  7. AbKnigge 2012, p. 66
  8. AbMeyers 1985, p. 489
  9. “A chronology of Ernest Hemingway’s life A true story of a man’s life is a novel in itself “. KansasCity.com published a story on June 27, 1999, about the Kansas City Star. On October 12, 2008, the original version of this article was archived. August 29, 2009
  10. AbDesnoyers, p. 13
  11. “Heroes: Life with Papa” (Heroes: Life with Papa). The date is November 8, 1954. “The Nobel Prize in Literature 1954,” which was retrieved on December 12, 2009. Nobelprize.org. Meyers (1985), p. 485
  12. AbcdHerlihy-Mera, Jeffrey (October 4, 2009)
  13. Meyers (1985), p. 485 (2017). “Cuba as seen through the eyes of Hemingway.” The Hemingway Review, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 8–41, doi: 10.1353/hem.2017.0001.S2CID149158145
  14. Guinea Ulecia and Mercedes are two of the most beautiful women in the planet (2016). “Linguistic and cultural hybridization among authors from the United States of Latin America of Spanish origin.” Dissertation, Universidad de Huelva, pp. 105–107
  15. Jeffrey Herlihy is the author of this piece (2009). Spain has expelled Santiago from the country, according to the Associated Press. Jeffrey Herlihy’s The Hemingway Review (Vol. 28, No. 25–44) (2011). At Home in Paris or Paname: Hemingway’s Expatriate Nationalism, New York: Rodopi, p. 102, ISBN 978-9042034099
  16. Jeffrey Herlihy is the author of this piece (2011). On the Road to Paname: Hemingway’s Expatriate Nationalism, New York: Rodopi, p. 117, ISBN 978-9042034099
  17. “The pescador who inspired Hemingway’s novel “The Old and the Sea” recovers the Spanish nationality.” Obtainable on June 7, 2013
  18. Jeffery Herlihy’s “Eyes the same hue as the sea: Santiago’s Expatriation from Spain and Ethnic Otherness, as well as in Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea” is available online. Review of Hemingway’s novel The Old Man and the Sea, which was published on April 17, 2015. The Ripening of a Masterpiece is an introduction to the work. Simon and Schuster is a publishing house. Ernest Hemingway (edited by William White) (retrieved on September 29, 2012)
  19. Hemingway, Ernest (edited by William White) (retrieved on September 29, 2012)
  20. (1967). Ernest Hemingway is the author of this piece. Four decades’ worth of articles and dispatches are collected here. Publisher: Scribner’s, New York
  21. Joseph Waldmeir was an American author and poet who lived during the nineteenth century (1957). ” Confiteor Hominem: Ernest Hemingway’s Religion of Man” (Confiteor Hominem: Ernest Hemingway’s Religion of Man) Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, XLII: 349–356
  22. Hemingway, The Old Man and the Sea, p. 118
  23. AbRobert P. Weeks, “Fakery in The Old Man and the Sea,” in Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, XLII: 349–356
  24. Journal of College English, Vol. XXIV (3), pp. 188–192, doi: 10.2307/373283.JSTOR373283
  25. Tom Miller is a writer who lives in the United States (October 4, 2009). Hemingway’s Nobel Prize came out of hiding on “Off the Shelf,” a documentary film about the author. The Los Angeles Times published this article. On June 6, 2020, it was retrieved
  26. “Huffington Post.” HuffPost.com, March 27, 2012, retrieved on October 7, 2014
  27. Retrieved on October 7, 2014
  28. “BBC – The Big Read,” broadcast on April 23, 2003, and accessed on August 23, 2017.

Further reading

  • Carlos Baker is a writer and poet (1972). Hemingway as a Writer and as an Artist (4th ed.). Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-01305-5
  • Jobes, Katharine T., ed. Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-01305-5
  • (1968). Interpretations of The Old Man and the Sea from the twentieth century. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, ISBN 0-13-633917-4
  • Mellow, James R., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, ISBN 0-13-633917-4
  • Mellow, James R., Englewood Cliff (1992). Hemingway’s life was characterized by a lack of consequences. Young, Philip (ed. ), New York: Houghton Mifflin, ISBN 0-395-37777-3. (1952). Ernest Hemingway was a writer who lived in the United States during the early twentieth century. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, ISBN 0-8166-0191-7
  • Rosella Mamoli Zorzi
  • Gianni Moriani
  • Arrigo Cipriani
  • New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, ISBN 0-8166-0191-7
  • (2011). Ernest Hemingway spent time in Venice and the Veneto region. In Venice and in the Veneto, with a few friends (in English and Italian). Supernova, Venice, Italy, pp. III, 62. ISBN97888896220474.OCLC843177468– viaarchive.is
  • ISBN9788896220474.OCLC843177468– viaarchive.is
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External links

  • The Old Man and the SeaatFaded Page (Canada)
  • Rare, Unseen: Hemingway in Cuba —slideshow byLifemagazine
  • “Michael Palin’s Hemingway Adventure: Cuba” (Michael Palin’s Hemingway Adventure: Cuba)
  • “Michael Palin’s Hemingway Adventure: Cuba”. PBS. Obtainable on January 21, 2006
Awards and achievements
Preceded byWinston Churchill1953 Nobel Prize in Literature1954 Succeeded byHalldór Laxness1955

The Old Man And The Sea: Santiago Character Analysis ✔️

Santiago is an old Cuban fisherman who has been out on the water for eighty-four days without catching a single catch. He is a plain, illiterate man who has outlived his years of vigor and fresh vitality. He is a man of few words and few possessions. He lives in a little cabin on the seaside, eats only the most basic of foods, and sleeps on a bed made of newspapers and magazines. Santiago had previously worked on huge, open-sea sailing vessels when he was younger. It was during his travels to Africa that he witnessed lions resting on the beach of white sand, a picture that recurs repeatedly in his nightmares.

  1. Santiago is never bitter, despite the fact that some of the other fisherman pity him and, at times, make fun of him because of his age and lack of luck.
  2. Santiago adores the sea for everything it has given him, and he has a profound regard for the giant fish, despite the fact that he is battling to kill it because it is noble and beautiful.
  3. It is similar to the bond that exists between bullfighters and their opponents in that he forms a connection with the fish on the basis of what he believes to be mutual respect.
  4. The elderly man has a young apprentice, who plays a small part.
  5. Baseball is a common interest between the two of them, and it is frequently brought up in discussion between them.
  6. During his suffering, Santiago looks to the baseball player for inspiration, and he relies on the ideas of the baseball player to get through it.
  7. Throughout the novella, Santiago is revealed to be happy, resolute, confident, bold, and optimistic, among other characteristics.

Instead, he decides to venture further out into the ocean in the hopes of catching a big fish.

He is a very talented and diligent individual.

The water and the sky are familiar to him, and he keeps an eye out for changes in the weather and currents, as well as birds and fish, which helps him determine the best fishing sites.

He is quite accepting of his modest living situations and never expresses dissatisfaction with them.

The fact that he has not caught a fish in such a long period of time is not the fault of others, the weather, or anything else; rather, he seeks inside himself for the source of the problem.

The fish regrets himself for not carrying stronger weapons and for not fighting with more vigor as he gets devoured by the shark.

The most noticeable aspect of Santiago’s personality is his perseverance.

On a daily basis, he walks out into the water and does what he has always done: sit and wait for fish to eat his bait.

It is on this specific expedition when his abilities and strength are put to the test.

Having accomplished this, he then spends the next day and night fending off sharks with improvised weapons, leaving him fatigued but determined.

He employs a variety of strategies in order to summon and retain his drive.

He speaks to himself, encouraging himself.

“You’ll be OK for the rest of your life.” He reflects on his connection with the youngster and recalls incidents from his boyhood, including some impressive displays of strength, such as a memorable hand wrestling contest, which he witnessed.

He is very aware of this, and he chastises himself as a result of it.

However, it is his sense of accomplishment that allows him to attain his most authentic and full self.

He is confident in the fact that he will never have to prove himself to the fishing community ever more.

Fortitude is essential in a world where death and destruction are unavoidable consequences of the natural order of things.

For three days, he refuses to let go of the line that connects him to the fish, despite the fact that it cuts deeply into his palms, produces a severe cramp in his left hand, and causes his back to deteriorate.

He has a strong connection to the natural environment around him, which permits him to avoid being defeated.

The old man’s bodily suffering has resulted in a more momentous spiritual victory than he could have imagined.

That concludes our character study of Santiago. Does that make sense? Do you have any questions? Please share your thoughts in the comments box below! The old guy – Santiago – is engaged in a struggle with a marlin.

The Old Man and the Sea-CHARACTERS/CHARACTER ANALYSIS by Ernest Hemingway

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Table of Contents |Message Board |Downloadable/Printable Version FREE STUDY GUIDE FOR THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA – HEMINGWAYOVERALL ANALYSES CHARACTER ANALYSIS SantiagoSantiago is an aged Cuban man, a skilled fisherman by profession.His neck is wrinkled from the sun, and his hands bear the scars ofmany fishing battles; only his blue eyes remain bright and cheerful.By personality, Santiago is brave, confident, cheerful, determined,and optimistic, not letting anything in life rattle him.

  1. Even when hedoes not catch a single fish for eighty-four days, he refuses to bediscouraged.
  2. In fact, hemakes up his mind to go far out to sea and try his luck, optimisticthat he may catch a really large fish.Santiago is alone in the world; his wife has passed away, and herefuses to have a photograph of her in his hut, for it makes him feellonely.
  3. The boy is devoted to the old man, bringing himcoffee and making sure that he has something to eat; he also helpshim with his fishing gear.
  4. Santiago is an expert fisherman, skilled and meticulous.
  5. He is in tune with the natural environment, watching theweather, the currents, birds, and fish to help him know the best spotfor fishing.
  6. During his career, Santiago has caught many trophyfish, some of them weighing over one thousand pounds.
  7. When he is battling the marlin and the sharks, he thinks ofManolin several times and wishes the boy were on the boat with him tohelp.Physically, Santiago is a tough man.
  8. One time, a match lasted for more thantwenty-four hours, and even though his hands were bleeding, he refusedto give up.
  9. Thisbasic sense of determination is what makes him continue to fight the giantfish for three long and grueling days.

In fact, he is the perfect representativeof Hemingway�s Code Hero, a man who fights to the end no matter the oddsand who displays great grace and courage during the battle.

Despite his great strength and abilities, Santiago is a humble man.He lives in poverty, owning a small shack with no running water;yet he never complains. When things do not go his way, he doesnot blame outside sources, but looks for the cause within himself.He even says that he has probably not caught a fish in eighty-fourdays because he has not gone out far enough on to the sea. Whenhis giant fish is eaten by the sharks, he blames himself for notfighting harder and not bringing better weapons with him on thejourney.

Although Santiago is not an extremely religious man, he is a Christian.A picture of Jesus and the Virgin hang in his hut.

More importantly, Santiago is Christ-like, constantly displayingthe Christian virtues of love, kindness, patience, and humility.

At the endof his journey, he feels shame and humiliation, much like Christ beforehis crucifixion.

When he finally lays downto sleep, his arms are stretched out straight, his palms are turned up,and his hands are bleeding, much like the image of Christ on the cross.Of course, Jesus� followers were largely fishermen, just like Santiago,and Christ bade them to become fishers of men.

He looks up to Santiago as a teacher, a father figure, and a hero;he believes in the old man�s fishing abilities and enjoys his company.He is also Santiago�s friend and protector.

He learned a lot and is nowa successful fisherman by his own rights.

He brings him coffee,provides him food, and helps him with his fishing gear.

He goes to the hut each morning to seeif the old man is back, and he is probably the one responsible for theCoast Guard search.

He brings him hot coffeeto drink and food to eat.

He also tells Santiago that they willfish together again, as soon as the old man recovers from his ordeal;Manolin no longer cares what his own parents say, for he views Santiagoas his “real” parent and teacher.

It is a treasure to Manolin, proof of thestrength, ability, and dignity of his good friend.DiMaggio Though this character does not physically appear in the novel, he repeatedlyserves as an inspiration to Santiago.

He can hardly wait to see the newspaper each dayand see how the Yankees have fared.

DiMaggio suffers from a painful bone spur in his foot, buthe does not let it bother him or stand in the way of his being a marvelousbaseball player.

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