What Does Bases Loaded Mean In Baseball

What Is Bases Loaded In Baseball? Definition & Meaning On SportsLingo

Ba*ses have been loaded

What Is The Definition Of Bases Loaded In Baseball?

When an offensive player is on first, second, and third base simultaneously during a baseball game, this is referred to be a “triple threat,” according to baseball terminology. It is possible to get a force out at any base, including home plate, if the bases are full when the game begins. Furthermore, this provides the offensive team with a fantastic potential to score at least one run on a single, and as much as four runs on a grand slam, among other things. If the hitter at the plate is awarded a walk, the offensive club has the opportunity to score one run.

Examples Of How Bases Loaded Is Used In Commentary

2. After a run has crossed the plate, Leebalks, enabling all runners to advance one base and allowing one run to cross the plate. 2.With the bases loaded, Jeter knocks a double to left field, allowing all three baserunners to score on the play.

SportsLingo Goes The Extra-Inch With The Meaning Of Bases Loaded

When a hitter is intentionally walked instead of being allowed to complete an at-bat, it is possible for one run to cross home plate. This is extremely unusual, but it does happen. A player who has had excellent success against a specific pitcher, or who is an extraordinary hitter who has an above-average capacity to at least hit a single, which might result in at least two runs scored, is one of the reasons for this rule change. Players such asBarry Bonds and Josh Hamilton are among those who have been walked on several occasions with the bases loaded throughout the history of the game.

Sports The Term Is Used

1.Baseball Softball is the second sport.

Also Known As:

1. Bases are completely occupied (bases are full) 2. Bases have been juiced (bases are juiced) 3. The bases have been loaded 4. Bases are fully stocked (Visited 1,713 times, 1 visits today)

Urban Dictionary: bases loaded

To indicate in polite terms that a sexual encounter, intercourse, and anal sex are likely to take place in the same night, or to create a broad impression that something significant will take place. I simply slipped that girlsomeroofies a little bit. The bases are loaded. byfizzpuss May 17, 2010FlagGet thebases loaded with a mug of coffee. three on the buttocks, two on the cooch, and one on the tongue “I couldn’t tell where they stopped and she began in the following scene,” I said. “They had the Bases Loaded and I couldn’t tell where they stopped and shebegan!” byFunni Louie & Associates April 17, 2016FlagGet theBases Loaded mug with this purchase.

“Hey, dude, you ready for a night at the strip club?” “No way, guy.

A loadingcoil is placed at the bottom of an antenna in order to reduce the resonance frequency.

The CBantennai that is used for freeband27MHzoperations has a base loading coil that lowers the frequency to the 27 MHz band before transmitting. byIrishRepublicanArmy 1st of January, 2004FlagObtain the base loadingmug.

Bases Loaded, 2 Outs, Full Count, What Should the Pitcher Do? (Exploring Baseball and Game Theory)

Later in this article, there will be a significant amount of mathematical content. You’ve been forewarned, and now it’s your turn.

Edit: MattS withan excellent commenton why most of what I did was wrong. That said I still believe the concept itself is interesting (others do too apparently) and the math is all correct, so I still think it’s worth a read. Just don’t treat the final results as anything applicable to real baseball.

The full count has always been my favorite count, mostly because the outcome of the PA is determined by the following pitch (assuming it is not fouled off). My favorite base state is when the bases are loaded since there isn’t an open base for the pitcher to walk the hitter in such situation. How does it turn out when you mix those two elements and then throw two outs on the board to boot? In terms of anything other than a lot of crazy, I’m not really sure, but I believe we can use basic game theory to figure out what should be occurring.

What’s Game Theory?

Game theory and its applications have always been one of the topics that have piqued my curiosity throughout my life. Wikipedia does a lot better job of defining everything than I can, but the essence of game theory boils down to choosing the greatest option possible given the choices made by other players. Conclusion makers use (or should use) game theory to arrive at the best decision in a variety of situations, including the military, business, poker, and even relationships (what lady doesn’t appreciate her date’s plans being broken down into an anormal form game?) Baseball, on the other hand, should be no different.

Is this Even Practical?

It all relies on what you consider to be the meaning of “is.” Without a doubt, we’re going to run across some difficulties. This game I’m doing presupposes that pitchers have complete control over where they throw the ball, which is most likely not the case in reality. In reality, because we’re dealing with a three-ball count to begin with, there’s likely to be a significant level of selection bias in favor of pitchers who have less control. Additionally, I presume that when the hitter decides to swing at the pitch, he has no idea whether the ball is in or out of the strike zone.

However, in actuality, many game theory games do not play out as they should, and yet it is still beneficial to examine the theoretical consequences.

Most people are undoubtedly familiar with Brian Bannister’s sabermetric tilt, but I’d want to hear an interview with Greg Maddux to see whether he did something similar.

Alright, I’ll play your game. How do we set it up?

This essay will solely deal with the 2 out, bases loaded scenario that we discussed before. According to BP’s 2008 RE Chartis.799, this state has a run expectancy of 799 years, which I’m going to name. 8 in order to make computations easier. If anything, I believe that this is an even “simpler” game than the full count itself, since if the pitcher pitches a ball in this scenario, he will be responsible for allowing an unearned run, which he almost surely does not want to happen. However, this does not necessarily imply that he should never throw the ball beyond of the strike zone in the future.

You might be scratching your head after reading that last statement.

This is because the batter believes that a pitch outside of the strike zone will never be thrown in that situation, making him more prone to swinging at any pitch, making him much less likely to be able to do damage on a pitch outside of the zone (I assume; I haven’t seen any in zone/out of zone slugging charts yet).

This is the essence of game theory: taking advantage of what your opponent believes you are going to do in order to win the game. Hopefully, the following chart may assist you in understanding the situation:


For the most part, I believe the extended game is rather straightforward to follow. It is shown by the dotted line linking the batter nodes, which illustrates the fact that he has no idea whether the ball will be in or out of the zone when he decides to swing. The payout, or the worth of each outcome to the pitcher, is represented by the numbers at the conclusion of each line. Due to the fact that.8 runs are projected to be scored in this situation, I put the value of a strikeout for the pitcher at +.8.

  • I believe those are quite basic, but if anyone has any questions or concerns about the setup, please let me know in the comments.
  • I’m counting a home run as a ball in play for the purposes of this scenario rather than drawing a distinct node, but I believe we can all agree that a home run is worth -3.2 points.
  • In addition, an out on a ball in play should be valued +.8 points, much as a strikeout.
  • If you count foul balls, there are a total of six possible outcomes, if you tally them all together.
  • However, I wouldn’t be surprised to find that they are worth a small negative amount because they may be more likely to result in a negative event later on in the future (negative to the pitcher).
  • The most accurate method to do this would be to take a historical look at every 3-2, 2 out, and full counts to determine the likelihood of each occurrence occurring.
  • When it comes to pitch fx, I just have last year’s data to work with, and there were only approximately 300 pitches of that caliber thrown in this scenario, which is much too tiny a sample size from which to attempt to draw any conclusions.

As a compromise, I’m only going to utilize the results from last year when the bases were loaded, regardless of whether or not there were any outs.

Additionally, I don’t believe the 2 out distinction is significant enough to distinguish it from the bases loaded situation in general.

So, based on the statistics from the previous year, we may determine that a ball in play is worth -0.07 runs (+ + +) / 3380 = -0.07219.

First and first, I believe it is necessary to inquire as to whether the placement of the ball has any bearing on the outcome.

I have no notion how much more so, and as a result, I’m not sure how to adapt the runs for running in and out of the zone.

So, for the purposes of this example, I’m going to keep things as is, despite the fact that I’m not delighted with it. If anybody knows of any research on the in/out of zone impact effect, please let me know; it’s something I’ll likely look into further in the future.

Solving the Game

All right, now we’re getting to the fun part: working out the best strategy for the game in question. In truth, the percentages you apply to each outcome should fluctuate depending on whatever hitter you are talking about. For example, I believe Jack Cust and Pablo Sandoval would regard 3-2 counts (if Sandoval ever sees one) in a completely different manner. Realistically, the same thing should be done for each conceivable hit outcome, resulting in a “contact” node that has something like five separate branches branching out of it, but I’m too lazy to bother with that right now.

  1. According to Fangraphs, the typical contact percentage for hitters who qualified for the batting championship last year was about 89 percent on pitches in the strike zone and 62 percent on pitches outside of the strike zone.
  2. It turns out that a swing in the zone is worth.0257 runs, while a swing out of the zone is worth.2606 runs in the final analysis.
  3. We are dealing with fractions of a run here, but that is still rather intriguing to see how things develop.
  4. Next, we must determine how many times the batter must swing in order for the pitcher to be undecided between delivering a pitch in or out of the strike zone.
  5. This is likely to be the case at least occasionally, and it is likely to be the case more frequently in a 3-2 count than in a number of other counts (a batter knows a 3-0 pitch is going to be in the zone the vast majority of the time for example).
  6. After solving, we have y =.2349x and y = 1-x1-x =.2349xx = 1/1.2349.8098 and y = 1-x1-x =.2349xx = 1/1.2349.8098.
  7. Meanwhile, the pitcher should be aware of all of this, and it should have an impact on how frequently he throws in the strike zone.
  8. When we solve it again, we obtain y = 1.682x and y = 1-x1-x = 1.681xx = 1/2.681.373 and y = 1-x1-x = 1.681xx = 1/2.681.373.
  9. When all of this is considered, the Nash Equilibrium of our game has a value of.173, which corresponds to a win-win situation.

It’s been almost a year since my last game theory course, but I believe I performed everything correctly; nonetheless, if the math appears to be incorrect, someone please correct me. Here’s an illustration of what a game that has been solved looks like:

That’s the proper strategy? I would have never thought so.

The outcomes of game theory may frequently be rather counter-intuitive, which is one of the most startling aspects of the subject. “Hey, why don’t you do it the other way, it’s better for both of you?” you’d be surprised at what solving a game reveals, with thePrisoner’s Dilemma being the most common example of this approach: However, while they are the outcomes of the game, and they should be right, the underlying principles are still up for argument. Both the run numbers for contact for each branch and the percentages generated for each are not totally satisfactory to me at this time.

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However, the core structure of the game should remain intact if you substitute different statistics that you believe to be more accurate.

What’s it like in the real world?

I was particularly interested in seeing what pitchers performed in similar circumstance in 2008, so I turned to the helpful pitch fx database for guidance. Only a few hundred pitches (446, to be exact) were thrown in the 2 out, bases loaded, full count situation in this study, but the findings were pretty interesting: Pitches in the zone: 278, or 63.3 percent of all pitches. Pitches outside of the strike zone totaled 168, or 37.7 percent of all pitches. In our game, the numbers are nearly identical, with the exception that the zones are inverted.

The number of pitches taken was 122, or 27.3 percent.

As well as to put some light on the fact that hitters can definitely detect pitch location a lot better than I had previously considered: In-zone pitches were swung at 86.7 percent of the time.

Here’s a look at the disciplinary chart: I mean, take a look at some of those balls that were completely out of bounds; I’m quite sure even I wouldn’t have swung at those.

Bases Loaded, Nobody Out — What Happens Next?

Surprisingly, the Giants recorded the most positive differential in bases-loaded, no-out situations during the 2019 season. (Image courtesy of Ian D’Andrea) Start with a walk, a single, or even a defensive error to get things started. Then another, and another, and another. Fans go closer to the edge of their seats with each passing minute. Although they’re delighted, is it really necessary for them to be so? This year across all of baseball, there were 546 innings that had at least one event (a bat appearance or baserunning action such as a wild pitch or the throwing out of an intruder advancing) with the bases full and no one out.

As a matter of fact, some teams experience this more frequently than others. Consider who these teams were in 2019, and if their proclivity for driving in runs with the bases loaded and no one out ultimately proved to be a significant advantage in the big leagues.

Finding opportunities

The Angels had the most such plate appearances in 2019, with 42, which were spread across 29 innings, leading all clubs (several occasions featured more than one such PA in the same inning). They scored 68 runs after loaded the bases with no one out, which accounted for almost 9 percent of their total for the season. The Padres, on the other hand, were extremely rarely in this circumstance over their whole history. In 2019, they only sent eight batters to the plate with three on and none out three times in each of the months of May and June, and just two additional times in the 109 games they played outside of those months.

That’s more than half the number of batters faced by the Padres in an entire season.

Bases-loaded, no-out scenarios are the most common and least common.

Rank Team Bases loaded, no out innings Bases loaded, no out PA
1 Angels 29 42
2 Royals 27 37
3 Rangers 27 33
4 Giants 27 32
5 Six teams tied 21
T25 Orioles and Red Sox 13 15, 16
27 Reds 12 16
28 Mariners 10 15
29 Blue Jays 10 11
30 Padres 8 8

Fortunately, the discrepancy between those who have and those who don’t has less of an impact on the pitching side of the ball. There have been two teams who have allowed opposing teams to load the bases with no outs in 25 innings, and they aren’t exactly improbable candidates: The Royals and the Rangers had the lowest (.348) and fourth-worst (.342) on-base percentages against in baseball, respectively, and some of those baserunners happened to be on base while the bases were loaded. In this case, they each had to face 35 batters.

When it came to run prevention in 2019, the Giants were merely a middle of the pack squad, but they held opponents to just 10 innings when they were faced with a bases-loaded, no-out situation.

Once again, the top and bottom five are listed.

Rank Team Bases loaded, no out innings allowed Based loaded, no out plate appearances against
T1 Royals 25 35
T1 Rangers 25 35
T3 Twins 24 29
T3 Red Sox 24 26
T5 Three teams tied 22
26 Rays 13 13
T27 Marlins 12 14
T27 Tigers 12 14
T27 Reds 12 12
30 Giants 10 12

A final result that is both intriguing and a little loud is created by joining the two preceding tables together. In terms of maximizing their own bases-loaded, no-out possibilities while reducing their opponents’ opportunities, the following are the best and lowest clubs in baseball. When the most and least bases-loaded, no-outs scenarios are combined, the result is

Rank Team Opportunities Opponents’ opportunities Difference:
1 Giants 27 10 +17
2 Angels 29 17 +12
3 Marlins 19 12 +7
4 Rays 19 13 +6
T5 Three teams tied +4
T26 Padres 8 16 -8
T26 Blue Jays 10 18 -8
T26 Orioles 13 21 -8
29 Red Sox 13 24 -11
30 Mariners 10 22 -12

It can be seen from the chart above that just a few teams were outside of a fairly compact group in this case: 20 of the 30 teams had a disparity between +5 and -5. A low ranking on this chart is associated with a poor season, despite the fact that reaching the top of the chart does not appear to ensure overall club quality: Only one of the lowest ten clubs in differential (the Minnesota Twins, who will be explored in further depth below) made it to the postseason in 2019.

Bringing Runs Home

Some years ago, Tom Tango of Tangotiger.net shared data on run expectancy by base/out situation across recent major league history and discovered that an average bases-loaded, no-out situation resulted in about 2.4 runs scoring over a sample from 1993-2009 but dropped to just under 2.3 runs scoring over a sample from 2010-2015, according to the data. After peaking at almost 5.0 runs per game in 1999 and 2000, run scoring in baseball fell to 4.3 runs per game during that time period. In recent years, the number of runs scored has increased again, hitting 4.83 runs per game in 2019 for the first time in more than a decade.

Major league teams scored 1,258 runs in 546 innings after loaded the bases with no one out in 2019.

By walking away from the game, although just little, that number is reduced: In 2019, 15 innings that had a bases-loaded, no-out situation resulted in a game-ending run-scoring incident rather than a third out, according to MLB.com.

The average is also skewed somewhat by a couple of outlier innings here and there. For example, twice last season, a team loaded the bases with no one out and went on to score 10 runs: once in the first inning and once in the second inning.

  • On April 16, the Phillies accomplished this feat in the bottom of the first inning of their game against the Mets. To take a 10-7 lead in a game against the Reds on July 19 (which they subsequently won 12-11), the Cardinals began the top of the sixth inning behind 7-0 and hit a 10-run home run to pull ahead.

A team that loaded the bases with no one out scored at least one run 86 percent of the time; nevertheless, the most common outcome was precisely one run, which occurred around 28 percent of the time. There were two runs scored by the median team. Teams scored precisely four runs 83 times, with the majority of those coming as a result of a grand slam. In 2019, half of the league’s teams generated runs in accordance with those patterns, with 15 of the league’s 30 clubs averaging between 2.0 and 2.5 runs per bases-loaded, no-out opportunity on the year before that.

  1. As may be expected based on the links provided above, the Phillies and Cardinals lead the league in runs per inning in this circumstance, with 3.1 and 2.9 runs per inning, respectively.
  2. Overall, they combined to score around 24 runs higher than the average throughout the course of their 36 innings in this sample.
  3. Despite having the bases loaded and no outs for 19 innings, the Minnesota Twins managed to score just 27 runs, averaging slightly more than 1.4 runs per opportunity.
  4. After giving up a two-run home run to Aaron Hicks in the top of the ninth inning on July 23, the Twins began the bottom of the ninth inning behind the Yankees 12-11 at Target Field in Minneapolis.
  5. According to FanGraphs, the Twins had a 74.6 percent probability of winning the game.
  6. The Brewers, one of the Twins’ longest rivals, joined them at the bottom of this list as the Twins’ companion.
  7. With a single and a sac fly, their first batter to come to the plate in this circumstance went 1-for-17, for an overall batting average of 0.59, 0.056, and 0.059.

During the last day of the 2019 season, all 30 teams began their respective matches at the same time.

The Milwaukee Brewers had already secured the National League Wild Card and were well aware that they would be traveling to Washington, D.C.

Nonetheless, despite the fact that 28 other teams had finished their games for the day, these two teams found themselves knotted at three in the top of the 11th inning.

Ben Gamel attempted to score from third base on a pitch in the dirt, with Manny Pina at the plate and both sides presumably ready for a run to score and mercifully finish their day, but was called out by the umpire.

When it comes to bases-loaded, no-out scenarios, the Brewers and Twins both left roughly 16.8 more runs on the table than the league average given the number of opportunities they had in each of their respective seasons.

There were a few teams that stood out on the positive end of the spectrum and five that performed nine or more runs below average when all 546 innings were divided up by team and broken down by runs scored: Bases-loaded scenarios, no-outs situations, and run scoring are the most and least common.

Rank Team Opportunities Runs Expected Runs Difference
1 Phillies 15 47 34.6 +12.4
2 Cardinals 21 60 48.4 +11.6
3 Marlins 19 53 43.8 +9.2
4 Rangers 27 71 62.2 +8.8
5 Diamondbacks 21 57 48.4 +8.6
26 Orioles 13 21 30.0 -9.0
27 Pirates 16 26 36.9 -10.9
28 Rays 19 31 43.8 -12.8
T29 Twins 19 27 43.8 -16.8
T29 Brewers 19 27 43.8 -16.8

In all of the scenarios discussed above and in the next section, runs are only tallied if they score after the bases are loaded and there are no outs on the board. It is true that runs scored before to reaching this stage are included in the final score; nevertheless, these runs are not relevant to the question of how teams perform once they have reached this state.

Preventing Runs

After escaping from the ultimate jam, it becomes clear that the majority of teams are quite similar to one another once again. Exact 15 clubs allowed between 2.0 and 2.5 runs per bases-loaded, no-out scenario in 2019, which put them within a half-run of the league average in terms of runs allowed per bases-loaded, no-out situation. On the plus side, the Philadelphia Phillies were by far the most effective team in baseball at getting out of this jam. Their pitchers faced jams with the bases loaded and no one out in 19 different innings in 2019, but they came out unharmed in four of them (tied for the most in baseball) and allowed a total of 31 runs, an average of little more than 1.6 runs per jam.

  1. The Phillies were particularly good at getting the first hitter out in those instances.
  2. Wilson Ramos, the Mets’ catcher, was responsible for one of the outs in that sample.
  3. Despite the fact that a run was scored, the Phillies were able to bend but not break.
  4. Despite the 10-run calamity described above, the Mets performed admirably in this game as well.
  5. They only allowed 30 runs in the remaining 19 innings, averaging less than 1.6 runs per chance.
  6. They allowed opponents to load the bases with no outs 17 times and surrendered 54 runs as a result, an average of nearly 3.2 runs per nine innings and a full three tenths of a run worse than any other club in the league.
  7. In all three of those games, they were in the lead going into the ninth inning before surrendering a huge inning to the opposition.
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Who benefited?

Because the samples were so tiny, the amount of runs gained or lost over the course of a season didn’t add up to much for the majority of the teams studied. Combining the last two tables to determine the overall winners and losers reveals that all but a handful of teams were within eight runs of what would have been predicted given their offensive and defensive possibilities in the previous two tables.

The distance between the top of the list and the bottom of the list, on the other hand, is more than 50 runs. Bases-loaded scenarios, no-outs situations, and runs scored are the most and least common.

Rank Team Batting runs above average Pitching runs below average Total runs gained vs average
1 Phillies 12.4 12.8 25.2
2 Marlins 9.2 5.6 14.9
3 Cardinals 11.6 1.2 12.8
4 Royals 5.8 5.6 11.4
5 Diamondbacks 8.6 2.7 11.3
26 Tigers -7.9 -0.4 -8.3
27 Nationals -3.4 -5.8 -9.2
28 Orioles -9.0 -5.6 -14.6
29 Pirates -10.9 -8.6 -19.5
30 Brewers -16.8 -14.8 -31.6

All things considered, the outcomes of this study do not appear to be highly correlated with overall team success. The top and bottom five teams listed above each have at least one playoff team and a number of 100-loss clubs on their rosters. These outcomes, on the other hand, may have had the potential to alter the outcome of a division race in at least one instance. While in this circumstance, the Cardinals outscored the Brewers by more than 43 runs and ended barely two games ahead of them in the National League Central standings.

On the other hand, it is apparent that certain teams perform significantly better than others after generating or while attempting to escape the ultimate trap in terms of runs scored and runs averted.


Readers who are interested in a certain team or event, or who simply enjoy playing with statistics, can access the data that was used in this post by clicking here. Because to the Event Finder feature in the Baseball Reference Play Index, and the efforts of BR support staff, a list of hundreds of occurrences that had been missed during the first search, was assembled for this study. Additional thanks to Tangotiger.net for its effort compilingRun Expectancy models for previous seasons in order to put this statistics into perspective with previous seasons.

What is it called when bases are loaded? – idswater.com

When the bases are loaded, the only time there is a force at home plate is when the bases are loaded. When a home run is hit while the bases are loaded, it is referred to as a grand slam home run. It results in the scoring of four runs, which is the maximum number of runs that may be scored on a single play.

What is the 6 position in softball?

The infield is made up of six players, each of whom is assigned a number in the scorebook: the pitcher (1), the catcher (2), the first-base player (3), the second-base player (4), the third-base player (5), and the shortstop (6).

What does base on balls mean in softball?

A “walk” is another term for a base on balls. Basically, this is when the hitter receives four pitches that are outside of the strike zone. Bases are fully loaded: There are runners on first, second, and third base at the same time. One of the most commonly utilized statistics for hitters is the batting average.

What does it mean when the bases are loaded in baseball?

Bases are fully loaded. With the bases loaded, Lee strikes out, enabling all of the runners to advance one base and allowing only one run to cross the plate. 2. With the bases loaded, Jeter knocks a double into left field, allowing all three baserunners to come home to celebrate. When it comes to the definition of Bases Loaded in SportsLingo, they go the extra mile. Despite the fact that it is uncommon,.

What does the strike zone mean in softball?

It’s time to load the bases! With the bases loaded, Lee strikes out, allowing all of the runners to advance one base and allowing only one run to cross home plate.

2. With the bases loaded, Jeter knocks a double into left field, allowing all three baserunners to come home to celebrate their accomplishment. With the definition of Bases Loaded, SportsLingo goes that extra mile. Despite the fact that it is.

How many bases are there in a softball game?

Softball players must travel across the field to reach one of the four bases (first, second, third, and home, often known as “home plate”) in order to score a run. Bases are marked on the field with numbers 1 through 4. When a softball player makes contact with a base, he or she cannot be tagged out. Runners have taken up residence at all three bases, which is known as Bases Loaded. Bases are fully loaded. With the bases loaded, Lee strikes out, enabling all of the runners to advance one base and allowing only one run to cross the plate.

With the bases loaded, Jeter knocks a double into left field, allowing all three baserunners to come home to celebrate.

Despite the fact that it is uncommon,.

What do you call the baseline in softball?

the space between each base along which a base runner is required to typically run. When a batter receives four pitches outside of the strike zone during his or her time at bat, he or she is awarded first base. This is referred to as a “walk.” A hitter who has successfully reached first base is known as a base runner.

What’s the difference between a balanced and end loaded softball bat?

A balanced bat and an end-loaded bat are two different types of softball bats that you should be aware of when purchasing a softball bat. Weight distribution across the whole length of the softball bat is what makes a balanced softball bat so well known. When you use an end-loaded softball bat, the extra weight will be placed to the end section of the barrel of the bat.

What does batting average in softball stand for?

Batting Average (BA): H / AB: H / AB This statistic represents the proportion of At Bats (AB) in which an opposition club obtains a Hit (H) against a certain pitcher. OBP = On Base Percentage (H+BB+HBP) / (AB+BB+SF+HBP) OBP = On Base Percentage (H+BB+HBP) The percentage of times a team reaches base on a hit (H), a base on ball (BB), or a hit by pitch (HBP) against a certain pitcher is referred to as the on base percentage.

Shane Victorino batting with the bases loaded » Baseball-Reference Blog

Andy posted a message on October 7, 2010 about When it comes to baseball on television, I don’t watch much of it, and Friday night’s game between the Phillies and the Reds served as a reminder of one of the reasons why. When ShaneVictorino came to bat with the bases loaded in the second inning, TBS showed a graphic of Victorino’s career at bat with the bases loaded in the first. It displayed some of the information obtained from Victorino’s splits. His stats were something like 22 for 60 with a.367 average and 54 RBI, or something along those lines.

Those with extensive statistical understanding (as opposed to the ordinary fan) may be able to deduce some meaning from these figures, but to the average person, this statistic is equivalent to saying “There have been 74 earthquakes of at least 3.0 magnitude worldwide in the previous 6 months.” Is this a significant point?

Is there a high number of earthquakes or a low number? What exactly does it mean? Who knows what will happen if we don’t have any further information? Here are my concerns about the Victorino data as it has been provided.

  • First and foremost, I am not interested in his at-bat statistics. I’d like to know how he appears on his license plates. How many times has he walked around the bases with the bases full? That information is freely accessible. With the bases loaded, he has made 67 plate appearances in his career (during the regular season). He walked in six of the instances. He made a sacrifice fly in one of those situations. His OBP is.418 when the bags are completely filled. Second, we need to know what kind of performance may be expected from Major League Baseball. As an example, in 2010, during 4,702 plate appearances with the bases loaded, the overall major league performance was a.281 batting average, a.331 on-base percentage, 319 walks, and 3,228 RBI. That works out to 0.69 RBI per plate appearance with the bases loaded in this situation. Victorino has 54 RBI in 67 plate appearances, which equates to 0.81 RBI per plate appearance, which indicates that he is doing admirably. When the bases are loaded, players in the Major League Baseball walk 6.8 percent of the time. 90.0 percent of the time, Victorino has done it correctly

So, yeah, Victorino has performed admirably even when the bases are loaded. Simply put, I wish that when they published his statistics, they would also include his major-league averages, if not the entire season’s batting average. Victorino’s performance is at least given some perspective as a result of this. Aside from these fundamental comparison statistics, there’s one additional thing I’d be interested in knowing:

  • Approximately what percentage of Victorino’s plate appearances have occurred with the bases loaded? He’s had 3,043 career plate appearances, which means that 67/3043 = 2.2 percent of his plate appearances have come with the bases loaded. This is likely well below average since he has hit leadoff on several occasions, meaning that game-opening PAs are almost never bases-loaded, and because he has hit after the pitcher, which can’t help either. There were 4,702 plate appearances with the bases loaded in the majors in 2010, accounting for 2.5 percent of all 185,525 plate appearances. As a result, Victorino has been on a downward spiral, but he is now in a terrible state.

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Baseball Vocabulary

This website examines the history, equipment, and players of baseball in order to provide a better understanding of the jargon and language used in baseball. Make sure you understand what you’re reading by taking the vocabulary and comprehension quizzes. Bat and ball games have been played in various regions of the world for hundreds of years by people of all ages. One side tosses the ball, while the other team attempts to hit it with a bat to score runs, which results in the game being called “runnin’.” Cricket and baseball are the two most popular bat and ball games today, with cricket being the most popular in the United States.

Cricket is also popular in India, Pakistan, South Africa, and many other Commonwealth countries.


Numerous individuals from Great Britain and Europe traveled to the newly established colonies in North America throughout the eighteenth century in order to settle and start new lives. Among the traditional games that these settlers brought with them were many bat and ball games that their families had been playing for centuries, such as Ireland’s “rounders” and Germany’s “schlagball.” During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, additional varieties of the game arose, including “town ball,” “goal ball,” and “round ball.” Several variations of the game were played, but none became particularly popular until the 1840s, when New York firefighter Alexander Joy Cartwright assisted in the development of a new version of “town ball” known as “baseball.” After forming the Knickerbocker Baseball Club with his pals from the Knickerbocker Fire Engine Company in 1845, he collaborated with them to write a set of rules that would eventually become the foundation of modern baseball.

As a result of his role as umpire for the first officially documented game, which took place on June 19, 1846, in New Jersey, between the Knickerbockers and the New York Nine, Cartwright is widely regarded as one of the game’s most prominent pioneers.

Several further attempts to establish professional baseball leagues were undertaken, but the most of them were unsuccessful.

These two leagues were in a fierce competition for the best players, commercial sponsorship, and public support.

Professional leagues have also been established in a number of other countries, including Cuba, the Netherlands, Australia, Japan, Puerto Rico, Italy, Venezuela, Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Korea, Taiwan, and China, and the game appears to be on its way to becoming even more popular all over the world in the near future, according to the International Federation of Football Associations.

Baseball has long been a male-dominated sport, with boys and males accounting for the vast majority of participants. However, women’s and girls’ leagues have since been established in a number of nations, and international competitions have been contested since 2001.

How the Game Works

Baseball is a team sport in which two teams of nine players compete against each other on a specially constructed baseball field, with up to four umpires in control of each game. The teams alternate tossing the ball, also known as pitching, and hitting the ball. When the pitcher tosses the ball from the pitcher’s mound (as shown in the diagram to the right), he or she is attempting to hurl it over the home plate, which is a pentagonal rubber slab. When the ball is pitched, the hitter stands to one side of the plate and attempts to hit it with his bat.

  1. If the hitter receives three strikes, he or she is out.
  2. However, if a batter knocks a pitch into fair territory and it is not caught, he lowers his bat and sprints towards first base to avoid being ejected (see diagram).
  3. However, if he manages to get there without getting tagged, he will be safe.
  4. Once he has reached a base, the next batter will enter the game.
  5. If he manages to travel around all of the bases and returns to home plate without being tagged, he contributes to the team’s run total.
  6. After then, the other side gets an opportunity to bat and score some runs.
  7. In professional baseball, the winning team is determined by the number of runs scored by the opposing club after nine innings have been played.
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The pitcher attempts to win the game by striking out the hitter or by inducing the batter to hit the ball into the air in order for a fielder to catch him out of the game.

Pitchers and catchers are in close communication, with the catcher being the person stationed behind home plate who catches the ball anytime it is not hit by the batter.

Pitchers use a variety of pitches, including fast balls, curve balls, sliders, and change ups, with one of the arts of pitching being to disguise the type of ball one is pitching in order to confuse the batter.

As for the batter’s options while hitting the pitch, he may smash a fly ball high in the air, an up and down pop fly, a line drive fast and low to the outfield, or a gentlebuntinto the infield if he gets a strike from the pitcher.

This is referred to as a grand slam, and it is the most high-scoring play in baseball history.

Nothing in baseball could possibly be more beautiful than this.

Most Famous Player

Baseball is a team sport in which two teams of nine players compete against each other on a specially constructed baseball field, with up to four umpires in charge of the proceedings. The teams take turns tossing the ball, also known as pitching, and batting in the tournament. The pitcher pitches the ball from the pitcher’s mound (as seen in the figure to the right), with the goal of throwing it over a pentagonal rubber slab known as home plate (see diagram to the right). When the ball is pitched, the batter stands to one side of the plate and attempts to hit the ball.

  • The batsman is out if he receives three strikes.
  • However, if a hitter knocks a pitch into fair area and it is not caught, he drops his bat and goes towards first base to avoid being out (see diagram).
  • It is possible, though, that he will arrive at the location without being identified.
  • Following his halt at a base, the next batter takes his place in the lineup.
  • The team scores a run if he is able to sprint around all of the bases and return to home plate without getting tagged.
  • A opportunity to bat and score some runs for the opposition team follows that.
  • In professional baseball, the winning team is determined by the number of runs scored by the opposing club after nine innings of play.

By striking out the batter or inducing him to drive the ball into the air in order for a fielder to catch him, the pitcher attempts to win the game.

Pitchers and catchers are in close communication, with the catcher being the man standing behind home plate who collects the ball when it is not hit by the batter.

One of the arts of pitching is to disguise the type of ball that one is pitching in order to confuse the batter.

However, if the hitter hits a pitch, he can launch afly ballhigh into the air, apop flyalmost straight up and down, aline drivefast and low to the outfield, or he can hit a gentlebuntinto the infield, among other things.

He can score a run on the same play if he accomplishes it while the bases are loaded, which means that there are base runners at each of the three bases already waiting for him.

The finest moment in baseball could not possibly exist anywhere else on the planet.

Baseball Vocabulary

word example sentence meaning
ball I walked to first base after the pitcher threw four balls. a pitch thrown outside the strike zone
base If the ball gets to the baseman before you do, you’ll be out. one of four “safe havens” to be reached in turn by a runner
base hit He had a good game, getting five base hits altogether. a play in which the batter hits the ball into fair territory and gets at least to first base
bases loaded I was very nervous because our bases were loaded and we’d get 4 runs and win if I hit a home run. situation in which a runner is waiting on each of three bases
bat He hit the ball so hard that his bat was broken. instrument made of aluminium or wood that is used to hit the ball while batting
batter The batters wait in the dugout until it’s time to bat. player whose job is to hit the ball with a bat
batter’s box The umpire makes sure the batter is standing in the batter’s box. an area around home plate marked by white lines in which a batter must stand
bunt He hit a bunt and the ball rolled slowly along the ground while he ran quickly to first base. light hit made by letting the ball hit the bat without swinging it
catcher Our catcher spends a lot of time practising hand signals with our pitchers. player who squats behind home plate and catches pitches the batter doesn’t hit
change up One of his best pitches is his change up as most batters can’t spot it and they have trouble hitting it. a slow pitch thrown with the same arm action as a fastball, intended to deceive the batter
curve ball His curve ball is hard to hit and he strikes out lots of weaker batters with it. a pitch that moves unexpectedly in the air because of spin put on the ball by the pitcher
double I hit the ball deep into the outfield and ran to second base for a double. a hit from which the batter reaches second base
double play We got two of their runners out on a double play and the inning was over. a defensive play in which two base runners are out from two quick throws
dugout The manager sat in the dugout chewing gum and shouting to his players. area beside the field in which a team’s players and coaches can sit
fair territory He hit the ball over the fence, but it wasn’t over fair territory so it wasn’t a home run. area of the field from home base out to the bottom of the home run fence and between the foul lines
fastball Pitchers with good fastballs can throw them over 100 mph (162 km/h). a pitch that is thrown as fast as possible
fly ball He hit a fly ball into the outfield and a fielder caught it, so he was out. batted ball that goes high in the air
foul ball The hit went just outside the foul line, so it was called a foul ball. batted ball that goes outside the foul lines
foul line If a ball lands on a foul line, it is in fair territory. lines extending from home plate through 1st and 3rd bases to the outfield fence
foul territory Umpires decide whether a hit is into fair or foul territory. all parts of the playing field outside the foul lines
grand slam My son was so happy after hitting a home run on a grand slam play that he couldn’t stop smiling. a home run hit with a runner on every base, by which 4 runs are scored
ground ball I knew I couldn’t hit it far enough for a home run, so I hit a ground ball so it wouldn’t be caught. a batted ball that rolls or bounces in the infield
home plate A pitcher usually tries to pitch the ball over the home plate. the fourth base to which a runner runs, over which a pitcher pitches and a batter bats
home run Babe Ruth held nearly all the home run records for many years. a ball hit out of the playing field in fair territory, scoring a run for the batter and any base runners
infield A bunt is a gentle shot played into the infield. area inside the square formed by the four bases
infielder The infielders have to have speed and very good reflexes. player who fields in the infield, including first, second and third basemen and shortstop
inning In professional baseball, a game usually lasts for nine innings. a period of play in which each team bats until 3 batters are out
line drive Good batters can hit line drives between fielders so they don’t get caught. a ball hit hard and low in the air
out I hit the ball a long way, but a fielder caught it and I was out. to be dismissed, or to have one’s turn ended
outfield How many fielders are usually placed in the outfield? area between the infield and the home run fence
outfielder Outfielders must be able to throw the ball a long way. a player who fields in the outfield
pitcher’s mound Our relief pitcher walked slowly out to the pitcher’s mound. a raised section in the middle of the diamond on which pitchers stand when pitching
play They threw the ball quickly and got both runners out on the same play. a move or manoeuvre in a sport or game
run We got three runs in the first innings, but didn’t get any more until the eighth. a score earned when a base runner safely gets to home plate
shortstop The shortstop is near the batter and must be brave enough to catch or stop hard hits. fielder whose position is between second and third bases
slider Our best pitcher has four good pitches; his fastball, his curve ball, his change up and his slider. a pitch that acts like a fastball until it breaks suddenly as it reaches the plate
steal A pitcher has to keep an eye on the runners in case one tries to steal a base. to run a base between pitches without the batter hitting the ball
strike I was nervous because I’d already had two strikes called and if another one was called I’d be out. a strike is called if a batter swings at a pitch and misses, or if the pitch passes through the strike zone without being hit
strike out Joe’s pitches are difficult to hit, so he strikes out a lot of batters. to be out for having three strikes called
strike zone Different umpires have different ideas on how big the strike zone should be. the area over home plate and between the batter’s armpits and knees as he stands ready to bat
tag The fielder got the ball and tagged me out just before I got to the base. to get a runner out by touching them with the ball or with the glove holding the ball
triple I hit it way into the outfield and managed to run to third base for a triple. a hit from which the batter reaches third base
triple play Fielders must throw fast and accurately to make a triple play. a defensive play in which three base runners are tagged out with three quick throws
walk Their pitcher was replaced after walking three batters in a row. free pass to first base given to a batter after a pitcher throws four balls outside the strike zone

Quiz on Baseball Vocabulary.

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