What Does Platoon Mean In Baseball

Platoon system – Wikipedia

It is possible to substitute players in groups (platoons) in sports such as basketball, baseball, and football. This strategy is used to keep complimentary players together during game time.


A platoon is a way of splitting playing time in baseball in which two players are picked to play a single defensive position on the field at the same time. It is customary for one platoon player to be right-handed and the other to be left-handed. Typically, the right-handed half of the platoon is used on days when the opposition starting pitcher is left-handed, while the left-handed half is used on the other days of the week. Generally speaking, players hit better against their opposite-handed peers, and in certain circumstances, the differential is significant enough to merit praising the player with someone who is the opposite handedness of the player being complimented.


Right-handed batters have an advantage against left-handed pitchers, and left-handed batters have an advantage when facing right-handed pitchers, according to the National Baseball Association. The reason for this is that a right-handed pitcher’s curveball breaks to the left from his own point of view, causing it to cross the plate with its lateral movement away from a right-handed batter but towards a left-handed batter (and vice versa for a left-handed pitcher), and that batters generally find it easier to hit a ball that is over the plate.

When facing a left-handed batter, a left-handed pitcher may be called in to force the batter to adjust to his less-effective right-handed stance, or to accept the drawbacks of hitting left-handed against a left-handed pitcher.

Every day playing time is preferred by players, and managers, especially Walter Alston, were concerned that sharing playing time would undermine trust.


The advantage of rotating batters based on their handedness has been understood from the beginning of baseball history. The first switch hitter in baseball was Bob Ferguson, who made history in 1871 by being the first player to bat with his left hand against a right-handed pitcher and his right hand against a left-handed pitcher. The first known platoon was formed in 1887, when the Indianapolis Hoosierspaired the right-handedGid Gardner and the left-handedTom Brown in center field for a brief period of time.

  • During the 1914 season, as manager of the Boston Braves, George Stallings implemented platoons, which enabled the “Miracle” Braves to win the World Series for the first time.
  • Gee Walker, a right-handed batter, was often platooned by Detroit Tigers manager Mickey Cochrane to fill in for center fielderGoose Goslina and right fielderJo-Jo White, both of whom were left-handed batters, during the 1934 and 1935 seasons.
  • A similar incident occurred in the 1930s, when Bill Terry of the New York Giants smacked center fieldersHank Leiber and Jimmy Ripple in the face.
  • Managers John McGraw and Wilbert Robinson had placed Stengel in a platoon as a player when he was younger.
  • The terms “double-batting shift,” “switch-around players,” and “reversible outfield” were all used to describe this approach.
  • A platoon was first used in the late 1940s, when the phrase was established.
  • Bobby Brown, Billy Johnson, and Gil McDougald were platooned at third base, Joe Collins and Moose Skowron were platooned at first base, and Hank Bauer and Gene Woodling were platooned in left field.

Following Stengel’s success, other teams began establishing platoons of their own to achieve similar results.

Weaver took into account a variety of other elements, including the velocity of the opposing pitcher and the ability of his players to smash a fastball.

In the lower leagues, “I’d prefer to be playing every day, but platooning in the big leagues is not nearly as enjoyable as playing every day in the minors.” Brian Daubach is a freelance writer based in Los Angeles.

Platoons, on the other hand, have become increasingly popular in recent years.

Platoons are most commonly used by small-market clubs, which cannot afford to sign the league’s finest players to market-value contracts because of financial constraints.

The World Series championBoston Red SoxplatoonedJonny GomesandDaniel Navain left field during their victory celebrations.

The left-handed relieversBoone Logan andJavier López, both regarded left-handed specialists because of their ability to inhibit left-handed batters’ ability to hit, received multimillion-dollar contracts as free agents following the 2013 season.


Using two (or more) quarterbacks to operate an offense, rather than the customary one, is referred to as “platooning quarterbacks” in football. The use of this approach becomes less prevalent as the level of football rises (high schoolteams are more likely to do it thanNational Football Leagueteams for example). Depending on the scenario, quarterbacks may be substituted in and out of the game on each play, on each drive, on each quarter, or on every drive. A “quarterback dispute” or a simple benching occurs when quarterbacks are swapped from one game to another without the use of platooning.

Placing quarterbacks in a two-quarterback formation is prevalent in football because one player has excellent passing ability while the other has excellent running ability (see for exampleStanley JacksonandJoe Germaineof the1997 Ohio State Buckeyes).

It also allows offenses to run a bigger number of different plays at the same time.

See also

  • One-platoon system (in American football)
  • Two-platoon system (in American football)
  • Three-platoon system (in American football). Switching from left to right
  • Resting the starters


  1. ^abcdef Tom Loomis is the author of this work (May 13, 1987). “Don’t hold Casey Stengel responsible for the invention of the platoon system.” Toledo Blade, p. 26. Toledo Blade, p. 26. “The difference between right-handed and left-handed batters,” according to a 2014 article published on February 3, 2014. KansasCity.com published an article on April 19, 2013. Obtainable on February 4, 2014
  2. Abc Steve Krasner is an author (April 22, 2000). “The Red Sox’s platoon strategy is in place, according to their manager.” Page B1-3 of The Day. February 4, 2014
  3. Retrieved February 4, 2014
  4. Walter Bingham is a well-known American author and poet (September 18, 1961). “It is the 18th of September, 1961, and it marks the beginning of another season of battling to win with percentage baseball.” Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. “Baseball roundup: Mookie Wilson requests a trade,” according to the New York Times on February 4, 2014. The Daily Record is a newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom. Ellensburg is a city in the state of Washington. UPI (United Press International) published a story on March 1, 1988, on page 11. James, Bill (February 4, 2014)
  5. (1997). John Thorn is a writer and musician from the United Kingdom (ed.). Featuring an All-Star lineup, The Complete Armchair Book of Baseball pays homage to America’s National Pastime in its entirety. 586, ISBN 9781578660049
  6. AbJames, Bill, Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., p. 586. (2003). The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract is a new publication by Bill James. p. 117, ISBN 9781439106938
  7. Neyer, Rob, p. 117, ISBN 9781439106938
  8. (May 13, 2004). “The game’s progressive history.” ESPN.com. 595
  9. AbcdJames, p. 595
  10. AbcdJames, page 595 Platooning and position-sharing in Major League Baseball are here to stay, according to Anthony Castrovince | MLB.com: News. “George Stallings.” Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved February 3, 2014. Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved February 3, 2014. Casey Stengel’s biography was published by the Society for American Baseball Research on February 3, 2014. Steinberg, Steve. “Manager Speaker.” Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved February 4, 2014. Steinberg, Steve. “Manager Speaker.” Hugh Fullerton, Jr., Hugh Fullerton, Jr., Hugh Fullerton, Jr. (May 11, 1949). “Casey Stengel like to use a two-platoon system, and the New York Yankees manager may have difficulty narrowing his squad down to 25 players.” The Lawrence Journal-World, courtesy of the Associated Press, page 10. O’Donnell, Michael (February 3, 2014)
  11. Retrieved February 3, 2014. (July 28, 1985). “Sometimes, two bats are preferable to one.” The Chicago Tribune published a story about this. Creamer, Robert W., et al., eds., retrieved February 5, 2014
  12. Creamer, Robert W. (1996). Stengel: His Life and Times is a biography of Stengel. The University of Nebraska Press, p. 228. ISBN 9780803263673
  13. “The ‘Two Platoon’ Idea Gains a Foothold in the Major Leagues,” p. 228. ISBN 9780803263673. Milwaukee Journal (Associated Press), April 28, 1950, page 2. Retrieved February 3, 2014
  14. Steve Wulf, “The Milwaukee Journal” (July 12, 1982). It has been a – 07.12.82 – SI Vault since the Orioles’ three-player platoon in leftfield was formed. “Orioles defeat Philadelphia in 5: Platoon method propels Baltimore over Phillies in World Series,” according to Si.com, accessed February 3, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014 from The Sumter Daily Item, which was published on October 17, 1983, page 1B. Hertzel, Bob (October 17, 1983), p. 1B. (March 13, 1984). “Tanner is more likely to platoon outfielders.” The Pittsburgh Press, p. D2, Pittsburgh, PA. On January 17, 2014, the Oakland Athletics published a story titled “A’s trio of catchers marching to success in platoon system | oaklandathletics.com: News”. Oakland.athletics.mlb.com. Retrieved February 4, 2014. Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved on February 3, 2014
  15. “Anthony Castrovince: ‘King of platoons’ Bob Melvin back at it in Oakland | MLB.com: News”. Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved on February 3, 2014. On February 3, 2014, I was able to get a hold of Tampa Bay Online (tampabay.com) (August 12, 2008). In the article “Rays platoon Hinske, Ruggiano in left | Tampa Bay Times”, published on Tampabay.com, it is said that The original version of this article was published on February 21, 2014. “Tampa Bay Rays manager Joe Maddon sticks with platoon advantage against Rangers ace Cliff Lee | Tampa Bay Times”. Tampabay.com. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. RetrievedFebruary 3,2014
  16. “Tampa Bay Rays manager Joe Maddon sticks with platoon advantage against Rangers ace Cliff Lee | Tampa Bay Times” (March 13, 2014). In this episode, “The Quest for Platoon Advantage Takes a Left Turn,” Baseball in the United States. 14th of March, 2014
  17. Retrieved

What Is Platoon In Baseball? Definition & Meaning On SportsLingo

1. When a player on a team cycles with one or more players in the same defensive position on the field, this is referred to as a rotation. The platooning of one position is usually done by two players, with one player being a right-handed batter and the other being a left-handed hitter. The reason why the two players who platoon are those who bat on opposite sides of the plate is to help them obtain an edge while they are hitting the ball. When facing left-handed pitchers, right-handed batters tend to perform better than their counterparts, and when facing right-handed pitchers, left-handed hitters do better than their counterparts.

Examples Of How Platoon Is Used In Commentary

1. Kendrick and Utley have been platooning at second base throughout the season. With a right-handed pitcher on the mound for tonight’s game, Chase Utley will get the start.

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SportsLingo Goes The Extra-Inch With The Meaning Of Platoon

When there is a position where there is no obvious winner, teams frequently employ the platoon approach to their advantage. If a team believes that dividing playing time between two winners would increase their chances of winning, they will do so in such situation. The most typical strategy teams employ in platooning is the “lefty-righty” technique, which may also be achieved through the usage of percentages. Consider the following example: regardless of the side of the plate a batter hits the ball from, the pitcher will start the hitter who has a solid history against the pitcher.

Other techniques may entail determining who is the more effective defensive player in a certain situation.

Sport The Term Is Used

1.BaseballIt is also referred to as:1. Platooning (Visited 3,020 times, 1 visits today)

Platoon system

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Splitting Hairs: Does Platoon Advantage Still Matter in 2021?

Separating the wheat from the chaff: Does Platoon Advantage Still Matter in 2021? Years have passed in which baseball managers have essentially engaged in mini-chess matches throughout the course of a game as both sought the illusive “platoon edge.” In reality, these deliberate tactics, which were intended to increase the likelihood of a good outcome for their side, eventually contributed to the implementation of the three-batter minimum rule for relief pitchers in the year 2020.

  • It has traditionally been the case that left-handed batters had a more difficult time picking up pitches from left-handed pitchers, and vice versa.
  • When it comes to reserve splits (better batters versus same-side pitching), there are few exceptions, but for the most part, split statistics support managers’ desire to give their batting order the greatest platoon advantage possible against an opposition team’s pitcher.
  • The outcome has had a significant impact on the way big league baseball is played and handled today.
  • The Houston Astros popularized the shift against heavy pull hitters in the early 2010’s, and nearly every major league baseball team has since increased their reliance on them in their roster construction.
  • In 2020, the league-wide earned run average (ERA) for starting pitchers who reached the third position in the batting order was 5.80.
  • Therefore, the average duration of a starting pitcher’s outing has also been found to be adversely connected with their poor performance the third time through the order, with the number of innings pitched decreasing as the average ERA rises.
  • In 2010, the average length of each start was 5.1 innings pitched.

This is partly due to the fact that lineups are growing deeper, with fewer gaps, as a result of enhanced platoon advantage for offensive.

Does this imply that splits are more important in the current context, or that they are less important?

A new level of complication is introduced by weekly leagues, where starting a platoon player in your lineup who does not participate in 1-2 games each week can have a significant influence on your final standings towards the conclusion of the season.

Ultimately, though, the biggest advantage that splits may provide comes at the start of the pre-season, when you’re getting ready to enter the draft.

On this week’s episode of the Fantistics Insider Baseball Show, Lou Blasi and I will go into the realm of splits in order to offer you a better understanding of which players you should target and which players you should avoid in your fantasy baseball league.

As a starting point for discussion, we’ve included a set of leaderboards that show the aggregate handedness divides from the years 2018-2020 below. Neutral Splits: Extreme Splits: Neutral Splits:

2.8 out of 5 stars (2010 votes cast)

The Platoon Advantage Will Mislead You

It’s easy to make fun of a baseball manager’s job because it’s not glamorous. You fill up a lineup card, you withdraw your pitchers when they become weary, and you don’t call any bunts, do you? It frequently appears as though we could all pull it off. When I start to feel that managing is a piece of cake, I remember something my father told me when I was younger: a manager’s goal is to put his team in the best possible position to win. Granted, this was before the advent of sabermetrics, so managers weren’t always doing a fantastic job, but putting their club in the best possible position to win has always been the goal of the role.

  • When I watched the Astros’ starting lineup on Sunday, I took a double-take because I was thinking about that notion of managing.
  • Seeing Josh Reddick bat second, on the other hand, triggered off sirens in my brain.
  • What do you have against leftists?
  • In general, left-handed batters perform 8 percent better with the platoon advantage than they do without it.
  • Given this context, what role did a 91 wRC+ hitter play between George Springer and Alex Bregman in the first place?
  • When it comes to left-handed pitching, Reddick is a below-average hitter, yet there he was, in what was perhaps the most vital position in the lineup for a dominant offensive team.
  • I made an effort to find out.
  • The game of platooning changes dramatically when the bullpen is involved, and I wanted to concentrate on the aspect of the job that occurs before any pitches are thrown: lineup management.
  • This season, they’ve had it in 51 percent of their plate appearances, which is far lower than the league average of 59.5 percent.
  • The article has come to an end.
  • Do you think Baker has made any strides forward, outside than the obvious Reddick-batting-second flaws?

I’m sorry to inform you that this post, like so many others that I’ve written, is a ruse based on an erroneous assumption. I believe that the most effective approach to demonstrate this is to look at the entire leaderboard: When compared to starters, platoon advantage rate is higher.

Team PA% With Adv
Indians 76.8%
Giants 71.8%
Pirates 68.7%
Rays 68.4%
Reds 68.1%
Diamondbacks 67.9%
Red Sox 67.4%
Brewers 66.8%
Twins 65.9%
Marlins 64.7%
Rockies 63.0%
Mets 61.9%
Tigers 61.0%
Cubs 59.2%
Phillies 59.1%
Nationals 58.8%
Cardinals 57.7%
Rangers 57.5%
Angels 56.5%
Padres 56.5%
Mariners 56.4%
Orioles 55.8%
Braves 54.2%
Dodgers 52.4%
Astros 51.0%
Royals 50.6%
White Sox 49.8%
Blue Jays 49.2%
A’s 48.2%
Yankees 38.6%

Cleveland is far and away the best city in the world. Why? The following is a projection of their daily starting lineup versus right-handed pitching, according to RosterResource: There are five switch hitters in the lineup, including the first four batters. On a majority of occasions, it’s difficult to not have the platoon advantage. This squad contains more right-handed players than left-handed players, and yet it already has a two-thirds advantage in handedness when facing a right-handed opponent.

Is that a good example of management?

When you play your best hitters as much as possible, it doesn’t matter which handedness advantage you’re looking for; the Indians are at the top of this list not because they’re consciously seeking a handedness advantage, but because they’re consciously playing their best players as much as they possibly can.

  1. Why?
  2. And yet, who are you putting on the bench here?
  3. DJ LeMahieu has been out with an injury this season, but he’s a righty lock when he’s well.
  4. Why is it that they only have the platoon advantage so infrequently?
  5. Most pitchers are right-handed, which implies they seldom have a competitive advantage due to their handedness; nonetheless, they thrive despite this because they are excellent batters.
  6. Do you want to know which managers are putting their teams in the greatest possible position to win?
  7. Taking a look at the lineups is an excellent method of doing so.

One thing you should avoid doing, though, is making broad generalizations based on data that is as ambiguous as how often a batter is faced with opposite-handed pitching.

I certainly did.

Dusty Baker made an unusual move, and one with which I strongly disagree, by hitting Reddick second in a situation in which he was destined to fail.

The mistake isn’t that we shouldn’t be concerned about the outcome of that decision.

It’s a disaster!

It is possible to make this sort of mistake if you zoom out too far and abstract away individual players.

When it comes to managing, it is all about placing your team in the best possible position to succeed – with the focus on team.

To Chase the Platoon Advantage or Not to Chase the Platoon Advantage?

More than a century has passed since the general public became aware of the fact that batters tend to perform poorly when facing same-handed pitching. It was for this reason that switch hitting and subsequently platooning were developed. Even though platooning is a difficult act to pull off in an era when teams are using the majority of their bench space to rest bullpen pitchers, Cleveland has given its batters the platoon advantage 70 percent of the time in 2016, the highest percentage in the majors.

  1. This year’s ALCS serves as a case study in two diametrically opposed approaches to an age-old problem: whether to pursue or dismiss the platoon advantage in a match.
  2. For further aggravation, in February, teammate outfielder Abraham Almonte was suspended for 80 games, plus the playoffs, for using performance-enhancing drugs.
  3. Cleveland was able to weather the storm owing to a fantastic season from rookie center fielder Tyler Naquin and a breakout season from third baseman José Ramrez, who more or less took over for Brantley on the offensive side of the ball.
  4. However, there’s more to it than just a few of young players stepping in to fill up the gaps.
  5. That’s precisely what the Browns have done with Brantley this season.
  6. Guyer was taken by the Cubs in the fifth round of the 2007 draft out of Virginia, and he was later included in the eight-player transaction that brought Matt Garza from the Tampa Bay Rays to the Chicago Cubs in 2011.
  7. He is 30 years old.
  8. The first function is to absorb baseballs that have been thrown.
  9. His 31 pitches struck him in just 345 plate appearances this season, at a rate of one hit by pitch per 11.13 plate appearances, the highest rate ever recorded by anybody with 300 or more plate appearances in the major leagues.
  10. The second thing he does is strike left-handed pitchers in the face with his immortal soul.
  11. However, he has a.289/.391/.470 batting line versus lefties, which is quite similar to Brantley’s.310/.379/.480 batting line for the year.
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On August 31, Cleveland made another last-minute acquisition, this time getting veteran Coco Crisp from Oakland, giving the Indians a total of four corner outfielders to choose from: Guyer, who hits lefties but not righties; Crisp, a switch hitter with a.719 OPS against righties but a.625 OPS against lefties; Rajai Davis, a right-handed hitter with almost no platoon split; and the left-handed Lonnie Chisenhall, who has a.784 OPS against righties and a.642 mark against lefties.

Guyer, who hits lefties but not righties; Crisp, who has Listed below is how the Indians’ corner outfielders have fared over the past two seasons, both in 2015 with Brantley and in 2016 with a revolving cast of outfielders.

These platoons, three switch-hitters (Lindor, Ramirez, and Carlos Santana), two left-handed hitters (Naquin and Jason Kipnis), right-handed first baseman Mike Napoli, and a catcher who does not count for platoon purposes because no Indians backstop has hit well against lefties or right-handed hitters so far this season complete a perfectly balanced lineup.

  1. As FanGraphs’ August Fagerstrom noted last month, one impact of this aggressive platooning tactic has been that the Indians have gone totally nuts against off-speed stuff.
  2. For example, a slider from an opposite-handed pitcher breaks in on the batter and is simpler to square up until it breaks down and in out of the zone (a back-foot slider) or seems to be a ball but breaks over the outer corner for a called strike (a split-finger slider) (a backdoor slider).
  3. Fortunately, Cleveland’s batters have not had to deal with it on a regular basis this season.
  4. Placing switch hitters in the outfield and stacking the lineup with outfielders is one method of getting around the platoon advantage.
  5. It’s the choice with a lot of finesse.
  6. In the case of a team that hails from a city with a population of 2.6 million people, is owned by a media conglomerate fit for a Bond villain, and has the second-highest proportion of its runs scored by home runs in baseball, what do you do?
  7. The good news is that baseball teams are similar to World War II films in that there are several approaches to creating a strong one.

Toronto, on the other hand, is like Stalingrad, a 2013 Russian blockbuster directed by Fedor Bondarchuk, a filmmaker who makes Michael Bay look like Wes Anderson in terms of style and execution.

It is obnoxious and disgusting in all the greatest possible ways.) In other words, if you have enough physical power, you don’t need to worry about the finer points.

That might be a concern in this series, because Cleveland’s pitching staff is not particularly strong.

They include the potential ALCS starters Corey Kluber, Trevor Bauer, Josh Tomlin, and Mike Clevinger, as well as essential relievers Cody Allen, Dan Otero, and Bryan Shaw, among others.

Miller was a Yankee for the first two-thirds of the season and is currently a reliever with the Indians.

It was a right-handed-heavy lineup that Toronto used against Texas in Game 3 of the ALDS, with the exception of designated hitter Michael Saunders (whom Melvin Upton pinch-hit for against lefty Jake Diekman) and left fielder Ezequiel Carrera, who has hit left-handed for the majority of his career and is currently on the disabled list.

In baseball, however, because there are more right-handed pitchers than left-handed pitchers, if you are a right-handed batter and you are unable to hit same-handed pitching, you will not go very far.

And because the Blue Jays have placed such a high value on established hitters — most notably Josh Donaldson, Troy Tulowitzki, and Russell Martin — they’ve been able to put together a lineup that appears to be severely unbalanced on paper, but that doesn’t have much trouble against same-handed pitching when it comes to practice.

  1. This year, Donaldson, José Bautista, and Devon Travis had reversal platoon splits, which is a first for the team.
  2. As an alternative to Terry Francona’s ultra-flexible lineup, consider the following: If you are unable to go around the wall, simply knock it down.
  3. They are the top two defenses in the American League in terms of defensive efficiency, though Cleveland has a slight edge on ground balls (thanks, Lindor), and Toronto has a slight advantage on fly balls (thanks, Kevin Pillar).
  4. As a result of Miller’s dominance as the best reliever in the series, and Francona’s willingness to play the fireman, Cleveland will get more out of Miller and Allen than the Blue Jays will get out of Roberto Osuna and Joe Biagini.
  5. Surely, the difference would be in the offense, but Toronto had a.758 OPS against right-handed pitchers this season, compared to a.747 OPS versus left-handed pitchers.

Cleveland had a.763 OPS against right-handed pitchers and a.748 OPS versus left-handed pitchers. After all, it turns out that there are more than one way to get around the bases.

r/MLBTheShow – What does it mean to platoon someone?

The first level entails figuring out how to do this in the show when you don’t know who the starting pitcher will be. If you’ve got the wrong matchup, why not just start one batter and pinch hit when he gets up? Basically, level 2 is correct. I have to take up a bench space, but I don’t really use my bench that frequently anyhow. 2 or more players with complementary skill sets (typically opposite hitting handedness) sharing a position and playing the game with the goal of establishing favorable matchups against the opposing pitcher at level 1.

The Dodgers’ Joc Pederson, who is a lefty, is often only called upon to play when the team is facing right-handed starting pitchers.

A basic division of time at a position between two separate players is represented by level 1.

First, play the card against your best opponent, such as a right-handed batter versus a left-handed pitcher at level one.

2016 Platoon Advantage

One broad issue that I’ve looked at throughout the years is the influence of the environment on striking. In Curve Ball, for example, I looked at the home/away, opposite side/same side, ahead in the count/behind in the count impacts, as well as any other patterns that stood out to me as fascinating. The main objective was to identify circumstances in which participants demonstrated genuine differences in their ability to perform better in different settings. For example, we’d like to uncover athletes that excel in critical situations rather than guys who just occasionally deliver clutch performances.

Take, for example, players in the 2016 season who had at least 100 PA against pitchers of both arms and looked at the situational effectEffect = wOBA (opposite arm) – WOBA (home arm) (same arm) However, there is a bias in this approach that is not readily apparent.

And if a hitter like Howard were given the opportunity to bat against both right-handed and left-handed pitchers, he would almost certainly have a significant impact.


Anyway, I recognized that, in order to do a more thorough research of platoon impacts, I needed to have a greater grasp of how players are platooned in today’s professional baseball. What exactly do I understand about platooning?

  • Because there are more right-handed pitchers than left-handed pitchers in the major leagues, regular players who bat left would enjoy a platoon advantage in the vast majority of plate appearances. When compared to right-handed hitters, left-handed players would have greater platoon advantages. Late in the game, managers frequently take advantage of the platoon advantage, particularly in the selection of pinch-hitters. Despite the fact that everyone believes in the platoon effect, I am not convinced that teams or managers have a clear understanding of the magnitude of the effect. When faced with a choice between batting an excellent hitter without the platoon advantage or an average hitter with the platoon advantage, it is important to consider the circumstances. A lot would rely on how large the “real” platoon effects were in order to answer this issue.

A Platoon Graph

Using Retrosheet play-by-play data from the 2016 season, I calculated the number of plate appearances (PA) each batter received against right-handed and left-handed pitchers. “Platoon advantage %,” which is defined as the proportion of PA earned while facing pitchers from the opposing arm, was calculated by myself. In the graph below, I plot the platoon percentage against the number of plate appearances for all batters. I’ve labeled the points on the batter side with the letters “R,” “L,” or “B.” For all batters combined, the total platoon advantage percentage is around 53 percent.

This graph plainly demonstrates that left-handed hitters have a far greater platoon advantage than right-handed hitters.

Additionally, this graph demonstrates that the platoon advantage diminishes as the number of PAs increases for hitters.

There are certain right-handed batters who have only a few plate appearances (between 100 and 200) yet who have significant platoon advantages.

The right-handed batters are as follows: P ositionN P ositionN P ositionN P ositionN P ositionN P opp 3Enrique Hernandez 24358.4 4Mac Williamson 12758.3 1Franklin Gutierrez 28376.7 2Kelby Tomlinson 11866.1 3Enrique Hernandez 24358.4 5Austin Romine 17456.9 6Shane Robinson 10956.0 7Nolan Reimold 22751.1 8Billy Butler 27350.5 9Juan Lagares 15549.7 5Austin Romine 17456.9 6Shane Robinson 10956.0 7Nolan Reimold 22751.1 8Billy Butler 27350.5 Adam Rosales has a 24646.3 score.

The left-handed batters are as follows: P ositionN P ositionN P ositionN P ositionN P ositionN P opp 1Max Muncy 13296.2 2John Jaso 43194.4 3Steven Moya 10094.0 4Seth Smith 43792.4 5Justin Bour 31290.4 6Ryan Howard 36090.3 7Jarrod Dyson 32789.9 8Chris Coghlan 29789.9 9Rafael Ortega 19889.9 1Max Muncy 13296.2 2John Jaso 43194.4 3Steven Moya 10094.0 4Seth Smith 43792.4 1 10Stephen Drew has a 16589.7 rating.

Going Forward

My interests in this general subject have shifted as a result of this little research. I believe I need to have a better grasp of how teams employ the platoon advantage because my fundamental study of platoon advantage impacts appears to have been wrong. To study how teams differ in their platooning strategies, for example, and how this technique has changed over time would be fascinating to see. Here is some information from Baseball-Reference on platooning in baseball.

Added on January 12

Here’s a reaction to a few of the comments I got the day before. First and foremost, it’s possible that I did not properly distinguish between platoon advantage and platoon impact. Platoon advantage simply refers to the percentage of plate appearances in which a batter faced a pitcher with the opposing arm. Ryan Howard was exclusively deployed by the Phillies against right-handed pitchers, resulting in a significant platoon advantage for him. It is possible to measure the platoon effect, which is the difference in how well a batter plays against pitchers with opposing arms (compared with the same arm).

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Second, someone inquired as to the source code for my R program.

A function called platoon dist2() will generate this graph from Retrosheet play-by-play data, and it may be found here. Once the function has been loaded and the Retrosheet data has been made accessible, just write. platoon dist2 is an abbreviation for platoon distribution (d2016, 2016)

Derek Carty – Platoons and Why You Should Avoid Switch-Hitters

This article was originally published on DFSEdge. Hello there, everyone! DFSEdge readers may have missed it, but I made my first appearance here on the site yesterday, providing you with my Strong Plays for the day’s game. Rather than just giving you with twice-weekly Strong Plays, I’ll also be talking about some of the methods and principles that are crucial to keep in mind while picking your squad each day. Whichever daily game website you choose to play on, these themes should guide your decision-making and the way you approach everyday games in general.

  • Let’s start at the beginning of the story.
  • (Please note that if you already know what the platoon advantage is, you may skip the next several paragraphs.) In baseball circles, you’ll regularly hear words like LOOGY, which stands for Left-Handed One Out Guy, which are commonly used.
  • The left tends to do well against the left, while the right tends to do well against the right.
  • And, of course, it works the other way around for batters; lefties hit better against righties than the other way around.
Split BA OBP SLG wOBA HR/700 PA K% BB%
With Platoon 0.270 0.343 0.429 0.338 18.8 17% 10%
Without Platoon 0.255 0.316 0.400 0.319 17.9 19% 7%
Difference 6% 8% 7% 6% 5% 13% 32%

As you can see, batters receive a 5-to-10 percent increase in all of the triple-slash categories, with the exception of strikeouts and walks, which receive a far larger increase. Consequently, it is advisable to populate your daily league teams with hitters that have the platoon edge in the majority of situations. Because the vast majority of pitchers are right-handed, you’ll almost always find yourself filling your teams with lefties. It is more difficult to take advantage of this when selecting your pitcher for the day because most teams’ lineups are fairly uniform when it comes to righty/lefty composition (and because teams are aware of the pitcher’s handedness ahead of time and adjust their lineups accordingly), but it is still worth considering in the event that the opposing team is dominated by pitchers of the same handedness as you.

Following up on the fundamentals, let’s get into the intriguing bit about platoons and how they may be applied to everyday games, which most people are probably not aware of.

Take a look at these two players that are now available on FanDuel for tomorrow’s competitions and tell me which one you prefer, assuming no further information is available:

Position Player Games Points Per Game Salary
3B Player A 53 2.5 $3,200
3B Player B 53 2.4 $3,200

These two players are, for all intents and purposes, on an equal footing. You may draft them for the same amount of money since they have played the same number of games and have almost comparable levels of production. They stand in the same place when they are on the field and have played at nearly the same levels of output. I haven’t included their names because they aren’t really significant. Everyone has their own prejudices, favoring some players over others, but that is not what we are trying to get at with this discussion.

To choose who to pick, toss a coin and see who comes up.

Position Player Handedness Matchup Games Points Per Game Salary
3B Player A Switch vs. LHP 53 2.5 $3,200
3B Player B Right vs. LHP 53 2.4 $3,200

In my opinion, the decision is now very apparent. Consider the following: in every single at-bat that Player A has taken this season, he has enjoyed the advantage of being on the mound. As a switch-hitter, he has the option of picking which side of the plate to stand on according on the pitcher’s handedness, which is advantageous to him. As we’ve already mentioned, this may make a significant impact in his overall performance and ability. So switch hitters are the best choices for daily leagues, don’t you believe?

  • However, this does not take into consideration all of the variables.
  • You see, without the platoon advantage, the average right-handed hitter (i.e., Player B) takes 70 percent of his at-bats against right-handed pitching.
  • Consequently, Player B has accrued 2.4 points each game despite being at a disadvantage for more than two-thirds of the games he has played.
  • While Player A has scored 2.5 points per game after taking into account the platoon advantage, Player B has scored 2.4 points per game before taking into account the platoon advantage (see chart).
  • The exact amount of improvement will depend on the scoring system used by the league in issue as well as his own unique platoon preferences, but these are topics for another day and should be saved for now.
  1. I’ve made up my mind and can’t wait to start. As an example, consider the fact that Player A has had the platoon advantage in every single at-bat this season. The pitcher’s handedness influences his decision as to which side of the plate he will stand on as a switch-hitter, giving him the option of choosing either side of the plate. In his overall performance, as we’ve already established, this may make a significant impact. Isn’t it true that switch hitters make the best candidates for daily leagues? It goes without saying that if a player always has the platoon advantage, he or she will always outperform an equally capable player who does not. However, this does not take into account all of the variables involved. In fact, in this situation, I’m picking Player B, the non-switch hitter for my club and am not looking back. To explain it further, without the platoon advantage, the average right-handed batter (i.e., Player B) takes 70 percent of his at-bats against right-handed pitching. When there is a platoon advantage, the remaining 30% of hands are taken against lefties. Consequently, Player B has accrued 2.4 points each game despite being at a disadvantage for more than two-thirds of the games he has participated in. Player B, on the other hand, has the benefit of the platoon factor working in his favor in this particular match-up. As a result, whereas Player A has averaged 2.5 points per game after accounting for platoon advantage, Player B has averaged 2.4 points per game before accounting for platoon advantage. So, even with the platoon advantage, he must be significantly better than a 2.4 point per game player! The exact amount of improvement will depend on the scoring system used by the league in issue as well as his own unique platoon preferences, but these are topics for another day and should be left for now. For the time being, it is sufficient to keep the following hierarchy in mind while selecting players for your teams:

(Oh, and in case you’re wondering, Player A is Pablo Sandoval, and Player B is Todd Frazier, respectively.)

Platoon System

) Oh, and in case you’re curious, Player A is Pablo Sandoval, and Player B is Todd Frazier.

Defensive Players

In baseball, a pitcher is the person that tosses the baseball from the pitcher’s mound toward the catcher to begin each play, with the purpose of retiring a hitter who attempts to either make contact with the thrown ball or earn a walk. Pitchers are also known as pitchers of baseball. A batter’s turn to hit is signaled by the catcher, who crouches behind home plate in front of the (home) umpire and receives the ball from the pitcher. Catcher (C): Baseball’s first baseman (1B) is the first of four stations on a baseball field that a baserunner must touch in order to score a run for his or her team.

  • Second Baseman (2B): The second baseman is frequently characterized by fast hands and feet, and he or she must be able to get away of the ball swiftly in order to complete a double play.
  • In most cases, shortstops are mediocre batters who bat later in the batting order because the position is primarily manned by defensive experts.
  • LF (Left Fielder): Outfielders must cover long distances quickly and accurately; speed, intuition, and quickness in reacting to the ball are essential characteristics.
  • Center Fielder (CF): A center fielder, abbreviated CF, is an outfielder in baseball who plays defense in center field, which is the baseball fielding position between left field and right field.
  • In baseball, a right fielder (RF) is a player who plays in the region of the outfield to the right of the pitcher’s mound while standing at home plate and facing the pitcher.

Offensive Players

A batter, also known as a hitter, is a person who is taking their turn to face the pitcher. The three primary objectives of hitters are to become a baserunner, to drive runners home, and to advance runners along the bases in order for others to drive them into scoring position. The base runner’s role is mostly tactical in nature, with the ultimate aim of getting to home plate in order to score an extra base hit. Designer Hitter: The regulation permits teams to have one player, known as the designated hitter (abbreviated DH), who bats in place of the pitcher when the pitcher is unable to perform his or her duties.

In some cases, the pinch runner may be quicker or otherwise more adept at baserunning than the player who has been substituted for the pinch runner in the game.

Lead Off Hitter: In order to be successful, leadoff hitters must exhibit specific characteristics, including the ability to reach base at a high rate and the ability to steal bases.

Cleanup Hitter: Cleanup hitters frequently have the greatest power on the team and are often the club’s best power hitter; their duty is to “clean up the bases,” hence the term. Cleanup batters are typically the best power hitters on the team.

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