Measuring and improving baseball swing efficiency
Bat speed is critical if you want to be a good hitter at a high level of competition (more details on bat speedhere). This means that a batter may extract significant value from any swing measure that tells them how well, or efficiently, they are generating bat speed during their swing.
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What is Swing Efficiency?
It is defined as the product of average bat speed divided by the product of average peak hand speed during a swing. For hitters, it measures how successfully they convert their hand speed into bat speed, with a higher score indicating that they are more “efficient.” As a point of comparison, the average swing efficiency for Driveline’s professional hitters in the gym is 3.25 percent. Anything with a score below 3.20 would be considered a statistic in need of improvement. Examples:
- Hand dexterity is rather excellent
- Batting at a snail’s pace
- Minor changes to one’s swing can result in large increases in bat speed.
- Hand speed is slow
- Bat speed is fast in comparison to hand speed.
With any form of bat sensor, you can keep track of your efficiency on your own. Blast Motion, Motus Batting, Diamond Kinetics, and other similar techniques all have their own version of bat speed and hand speed metrics to distinguish them from one another. Because the metrics in the examples above were obtained using Blast sensors, the following is an explanation of how Blast Motion assesses bat speed and hand speed: Bat speed is the velocity of the sweet spot of the bat when it makes contact with the ball.
Everyone’s hitting method is different, but watch how each batter begins unhinging their wrists, or “releasing the barrel,” right before and throughout the baseball’s contact with their bat.
Peak hand speed refers to the fastest possible speed of the bat handle at any point throughout the swing (measured six inches from the knob) On video, the following are some samples of what excellent efficiency could look like in practice.
How to Build Bat Speed
Consider your efficiency if you want to increase your bat speed (which is something you should be doing). If you look at your swing, there may be some “low hanging fruit,” or little tweaks you can make that can increase your bat speed stats significantly. The quicker your bat is travelling at the time of contact, the harder the baseball will be hit, given that flush contact is made with the baseball. In baseball, the harder you can hit the baseball consistently, the greater your chances of success at the bat will be.
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Some of the probable causes of low efficiency are as follows:
- Poor swing direction
- Poor bat path
- And so on. The wrists should not be loaded or hinged. Early barrel release/unhinging the wrists at an inconvenient time
- After making contact, not releasing or unhinging the wrists
Here’s how to go about it:
- Striking drills– forces the batter to be in an advantageous posture while making contact, and to release the barrel through impact. The long bat is useful for sequencing and tracing the course of the bat. Swing direction and rotation are improved with the use of a handle load (Bat speed trainer).
- Improve swing direction by using offset rotation. Bat route and releasing the barrel through contact with the inside of the tee restriction Improve the overall quality of communication with all fields throughout the world.
As you become more comfortable, you may combine some of the limitations stated above—for example, offset rotation with the handle load bat and striking plyos—to create new combinations. Combine the little hitting plyos with the long bat and alternate swings with the handle load if you want to make it even more tough! Experiment with it and see where it takes you. Improving a hitter’s swing efficiency can make all the difference in the world. A superior bat path will not only increase bat speed and the possibility for exit velocity, but it will also often result in improved efficiency, as previously stated.
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How Fast Should I Be? Bat Speed, Exit Velocity, Peak Hand Speed.
- I am aware that there are many questions about bat speed, exit velocity, and peak hand speed to be answered. What exactly is the distinction, and how can we know which is correct? I felt compelled to do some study and provide the Tigers with a well-thought-out response. The purpose of this article is for me to attempt to describe bat speed, which will aid in the explanation of peak hand speed and exit velocity. Here’s how to calculate exit velocity and the distance traveled by a baseball: vb = eavp + (1 + ea) + (1 + ea) vs I know some of you are thinking, “oh my god, spiker is taking this seriously.” I’m not going to bore you with the technical jargon. The safest rule of thumb is to increase your bat speed by ten to twenty miles per hour for each additional mile traveled. Exit velocity will vary within these ranges depending on how rapid the pitch is and where contact is made throughout the flight. After that, we’ll get to the heart of the article: how is bat speed measured. Blast Motion measures the speed of the bat by measuring it every six inches from the top of the bat. According to them, this is where the bat’s sweet spot is. The number indicated represents the maximum velocity at which “the sweet spot” makes contact with the ground. When it comes to determining bat speed, the Blast sensor boasts a 95 percent accuracy rate. The speed of a bat might vary depending on where on the bat you are measuring it from. The bat speed will be higher if the sensor is placed closer to the bat’s cap than it is otherwise. Generally, the rates will be slower if the sensor is located closer to the hands. The reason why peak hand speed is slower than peak bat speed is explained by this. The following are links to articles that I found to be useful. Below the links, I’ll provide my thoughts on the subject. id=”8aa0″> I had the impression that this piece was based on greater study. They presented their point and had research to back it up, with sources cited
- They were successful.
MLB swinging velocity
- These speeds were discovered through a fantastic blog article by Driveline Baseball. This article may be accessed at this link. It is quite complex, and I recommend that you have a foundation in statistics before reading it.
- Id=”ad41″> I came across this article that included even more errors about genuine speed. Each sensor collects data from a distinct location on the bat’s body. The best sensors available on the market (Blast and Diamond Kinetics). It served as an excellent introduction to determining exit velocity.
California Baseball News
New episode is currently available online! -From the At The Yard Podcast The city of Emerson, Georgia, has been designated as a National Historic Landmark. The usage of Blast Motion sensors at Prep Baseball Report events is one of the most crucial things that the organization has deployed. Batting practice uses Blast Motion sensors to assess Swing and Impact Metrics across a variety of categories. The pre-impact mechanics centered around plane, connection, and rotation are measured by Swing metrics, whereas the pre-impact performance results based on ball contact are measured by Impact metrics.
Bat Speed, on the other hand, measures the speed of the barrel when the ball hits the bat.
For better or worse, the faster a hitter can swing his bat, the more damage he can do at the plate.
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Observed speed of the sweet spot of the bat at contact is referred to as “bat speed.” For further information, please see:Blast Bat Speed. MLB average speed is 66-78 miles per hour. MiLB: 63-75 miles per hour College: 66-75 miles per hour
|RANK||PLAYER||SCHOOL||GRAD||PEAK HAND SPEED|
|1||Blake Penso||Huntington Beach HS||2021||25.9 mph|
|2||Michael Nutter||Lincoln HS||2021||25.2 mph|
|3||Jack Gurevitch||Notre Dame HS||2022||24.9 mph|
|4||Mathew Halbach||Archbishop Mitty HS||2021||24.6 mph|
|5||Logan Drummond||Tokay HS||2021||23.5 mph|
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A Review of Blast Motion Baseball and Its Swing Metrics
If you don’t already have a Blast Motion baseball sensor, you should get one right now. Since we’ve started utilizing Blast sensors, we’ve been quite pleased with their performance and reliability. To be honest, they are really simple to operate and do not require any calibration prior to hitting. The one flaw we identified early on was how all of the metrics connected to one another, which is what inspired us to develop this internal report in the first place. Blast provides three swing quality scores: Plane, Connection, and Rotation, which they refer to as PCR (Plane, Connection, and Rotation).
Their ratings (20-80) are derived from comparative assessments of people in similar age groups and ability levels. The sensor gives a total of ten pre-contact measurements, which are classified as follows:
- On-Plane Efficiency (Swing Path represented as a percentage of the total swing path)
- Attack Angle (in degrees, the direction of the swing)
- Early Connection (Load Consistency stated as an angle)
- Connection at Impact (Impact Position Consistency expressed as an angle)
- And Connection After Impact (Impact Position Consistency expressed as an angle).
- Speed (raw power)
- Rotational acceleration (power efficiency)
- And bat speed (raw power).
- Vertical Bat Angle
- Time to Contact
- Peak Hand Speed
- Power (in kilowatts)
- Vertical Bat Angle
Additionally, the Blast Motion baseball App gives a number of post-contact data markers that are not included in this article.
Plane evaluates the degree to which your swing is on plane, as well as the angle at which you make contact with the ground in relation to the vertical. The score is based on a scale ranging from 20 to 80. The better the score, the better the outcome. Plane Score is significant, according to Blast, because of the following reasons:
- Players who stay on the aircraft for a longer period of time frequently barrel up balls. Players who spend more time on the plane will be able to better acclimate to their bodies. Players who stay on the aircraft for a longer period of time have better consistency in their exit velocity and launch angles.
When the bat is on the swing plane, On-Plane Efficiency percent quantifies the percentage of time the bat is on the swing plane. Your Vertical Bat Angle (VBA) at contact determines the plane of the swing for that particular pitch. A high percentage indicates that you are making constant contact with the ball and barreling it in. Blast suggests an average of 70 percent or higher, with a range of 65 percent to 85 percent based on the situation. Attack Angle is the angle formed by the bat’s route (from the side) as it hits the ground, with relation to the horizontal.
What do you think the Attack Angle should be?
Other considerations might include bat speed and style, pitch velocity and placement, and the game’s overall situational significance.
Our own internal study reveals that the range is comparable.
- Professional: 2 to 16 degrees Celsius
- Minor League MiLB: 1 to 15 degrees Celsius
- College: 0 to 14 degrees Celsius
- High School Varsity: 0 to 14 degrees Celsius
- High School Junior Varsity: 0 to 14 degrees Celsius
- Middle School: 0 to 14 degrees Celsius
- Youth: 0 to 14 degrees Celsius
As previously stated, our internal study indicates that an ideal AA is located north of 5 degrees. We do not believe that zero is the best value.
Connects the dots between what your body and your bat are doing prior to and during the point of impact. Keep a good connection (90 degrees) at all pitch positions. This is a sign of dynamic flexibility. The Early Connection and Connection at Impact measures (both of which are detailed further down) are used to calculate your overall score. The score is based on a scale ranging from 20 to 80. The better the score, the better the outcome. Connection Score is significant for a variety of reasons, according to Blast, including the following:
- Players that have a strong connection have more adaptability in their swing across all pitch locations. Improved plate coverage is achieved by players that have a strong relationship. Players that have a solid connection produce greater power that is distributed around the field.
It is more likely that players who are linked early will also be connected at the time of impact. Moreover, excellent Connection often implies that you’re adjusting your position across the zone while keeping your Rotational Acceleration and On-Plane Efficiency (reviewed below). During the beginning of your swing, Early Connection assesses the relationship between your body tilt and vertical bat angle. A solid connection (90 degrees) early in the swing assists you in getting on plane and boosts your ability to adapt to all pitch locations.
A measurement of the relationship between your body tilt and vertical bat angle at impact is known as the Connection at Impact. Keep a good connection (90 degrees) at all pitch positions. This is a sign of dynamic flexibility.
By sequencing correctly, you may use rotation to determine how quickly you can gain bat speed. The greater your rotational acceleration, the more power you will have and the greater the amount of time you will have to react to different pitch positions on the fly. The score is based on a scale ranging from 20 to 80. The better the score, the better the outcome. Several factors influence the Rotation Score, according to Blast Motion Baseball, including the following:
- Players that have strong rotation demonstrate the ability to sequence effectively by using their hips first, followed by their hands
- This is a key component of the game. Players that have strong rotation demonstrate the ability to change their swing and effectively check their swing on pitches, and they are more effective. Inefficient rotation allows players with poor rotation to deploy their hands early in the swing, resulting in less dynamic adjustability.
In order to improve your bat speed, the more quickly you rotate and use rotation to your advantage, the better you will be as your level of play progresses. The players with the highest Rotational Acceleration have the highest exit velocities, and they reach those exit speeds with more consistency at the Major League levels, according to Blast once again. It is the measured speed of the sweet spot of the bat at impact that is called Bat Speed. The sweet spot of the bat is six inches from the tip of the bat and is measured in inches.
- The following speeds are recorded in Major League Baseball (MLB) and Minor League Baseball (MLB)
- College (61–73)
- High School Varsity (57–71mph)
- Middle School (46–62mph)
- And Youth (40–56mph). The following speeds are recorded in Major League Baseball (MLB) and Minor League Baseball (MLB).
Blast Motion – Rotational Acceleration – Rotational Acceleration A baseball statistic known as Rotational Acceleration measures the speed with which your bat accelerates into the swing plane. A good measure of how you create bat speed by sequencing properly vs tugging the bat with your hands is Rotational Acceleration. As your rotational acceleration accelerates, the more power you will have at contact, as well as the greater amount of time you will have to make a choice at the plate. A measurement is taken during the transition of the bat from the load into the rotation, which occurs early in the swing, in order to record the player’s movement patterns.
For example, if your Time to Contact and Attack Angles are lower than they should be at contact, it’s possible that you’re just not able to get to the plate quickly enough by the time you make the choice to swing the bat.
Your Rotational Acceleration has been increased!
Other Metrics for Context
The effective mass of the bat, the Bat Speed at impact, and the average acceleration during the downswing are used to calculate the amount of power created during the swing. Kilowatts are the units of measurement for power (kW). The ability to swing a heavier bat and accelerate it to greater speeds results in more power for the hitters.
- 3.8 to 5.7 kW for Major League Baseball (MLB)
- Minor League Baseball (MLB)
- 3.8 to 5.2 kW for College
- High School Varsity (2.8 to 4.1 kW)
- High School Junior Varsity (1.8 – 3.8 kW)
- Middle School (1.4 to 3.2 kW)
- And Youth (0.9 to 2.5 kW) are the ranges for the various sports.
The vertical bat angle is the angle formed by the bat (from the front perspective) with regard to the horizontal at the time of contact with the ground. A bat’s vertical bat angle is measured in degrees and indicates where the barrel of the bat is in relation to its knob when it makes contact with the ball during impact. When the barrel of the bat and the knob of the bat are parallel to the ground, the Vertical Bat Angle will be zero. When the barrel of the bat is lower than the knob of the bat at the time of impact, the result will be negative.
In batting practice or games, the Vertical Bat Angle will be determined mostly by the position of the pitch on the field.
Younger players have a somewhat flatter Vertical Bat Angle than older players, which is mostly due to strength concerns and swing style differences.
I should also mention that we have noticed increased VBA in the beginning phase of the swing owing to an excessive initial Torso Bend (as determined by K-Motion testing) due to an excessive initial Torso Bend.
Another issue that may be associated with this is T-spine / Back troubles (more on this another time). The Blast database gives typical Vertical Bat Angle ranges for the following age groups and ability levels in baseball, according to the results of the analysis:
- A professional’s temperature ranges from 25 to 35 degrees Celsius
- Minor League MiLB’s temperature ranges from 24 to 34 degrees Celsius
- College’s temperature ranges from -23 to -33 degrees Celsius
- And High School Varsity’s temperature ranges from -21 to -31 degrees Celsius. High School Junior Varsity: -20 to -30 degrees Fahrenheit
- Middle School: -17 to -27 degrees Fahrenheit
- Youth: -15 to -25 degrees Fahrenheit
The time passed between the start of the downswing and the impact is represented by the Time to Contact. The start of the downswing is detected using a sophisticated algorithm that only detects when functional forward Bat Speed is launched, which is when the downswing begins.
- Major League Baseball (MLB): 0.13 – 0.17 seconds
- Minor League Baseball (MLB): 0.13 – 0.17 seconds
- College: 0.14 – 0.18 seconds
- High School Varsity: 0.14 – 0.18 seconds
- High School Junior Varsity: 0.15 – 0.20 seconds
- Middle School: 0.16 – 0.21 seconds
- Minor League Baseball (MLB): 0.17 – 0.23 seconds
It is the observed highest speed as measured on the bat’s handle that is known as Peak Hand Speed (measured six inches from the knob of the bat). During the swing, peak Hand Speed will occur just before to the moment of contact, and it will be extremely near to the commit time in which the wrists unhinge.
- The following speeds are used: Major League Baseball (MLB): 23 – 29 mph
- Minor League Baseball (MLB): 22 – 28 mph
- College (21 – 27 mph)
- High School Varsity (20 – 26 mph)
- High School Junior Varsity (19 – 25 mph)
- Middle School (18 – 24 mph)
- And Youth (17 – 23 mph).
In conclusion, I believe that every baseball player should have access to a Blast Motion baseball sensor. When it comes to training, the knowledge is incredibly relevant and valuable. In fact, we are so confident in it that we will begin incorporating it into all of our training programs as soon as possible, both from an assessment and a teaching aspect. Incorporating it into assessments will assist us in identifying problems. Although it will assist to enhance consistency if we include them in our training programs on an ongoing basis, we should avoid doing so in the short term.
However, eliminating swing variability should be the number one goal of every player, second only to having the correct measurements.
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Bahram Shirazi contributed to this article (RPP Co-owner, MBA, BSEE), Please keep in mind that much of the information in this section comes directly from Blast Motion baseball manuals.
What is a good hand speed for baseball? – JanetPanic.com
At the Little League level, Goltz estimates that the average swing speed is between 45 and 55 miles per hour. We’re talking about the upper 40s to perhaps the low 60s for senior league.” High school students in their mid-50s to mid-70s.
How can I increase my bat speed fast?
How to Boost Bat Speed in 5 Simple Steps
- The Barrel Turn is a maneuver in which a barrel is turned. (Barry Bonds, Hank Aaron, Ted Williams, Babe Ruth, to name a few examples)
- Keep your hands to yourself. In order to get their hands away from their back shoulder and through the baseball, so many batters are attempting to do so. Shifting of the center of gravity. (Ryan Braun)
- Stretch and Fire
- Pull The Elbow Back
- (Ryan Braun)
Should you swing hard in baseball?
There is an issue with the manner that the majority of youth baseball and softball teams are supervised and coached. As a result, from the standpoint of a coach, it is less important how hard the ball is hit and more important that the ball be hit at all, because any contact with the ball has a fair possibility of ending in a baserunner. …
What is a good bat speed for a 15 year old?
60-70 miles per hour In general, the average bat speed for a 13-year-old is 55-60 miles per hour, whereas the average bat speed for a 15-year-old is 60-70 miles per hour.
Does choking up increase bat speed?
Shortly put, choking up on the bat allows players to have greater bat control, enhance their bat speed, and avoid becoming jammed up in the game. Choking up on the bat is another method that many players do in order to put the ball in play when they have two strikes in the inning.
Which is more important bat speed or weight?
It appears from the data that a heavier bat results in a faster batted ball speed.
Since a heavier bat generates greater momentum upon a contact, this makes obvious sense. The bat’s speed increases by about 12mph when the bat’s bulk is increased by twofold.
What is a good exit velocity for a 13 year old?
Approximately 55-60 miles per hour In general, the average bat speed for a 13-year-old is 55-60 miles per hour, whereas the average bat speed for a 15-year-old is 60-70 miles per hour. Once you make the transition from high school to college and the professionals, the minimum average speed is approximately 65-70 mph, with the maximum bat speed limit often in the mid-80s for most players and a few going as high as the low 90s.
What is a good exit velocity for a 16 year old?
Having the ability to consistently combine a high exit velocity with a proper launch angle is essential for being an effective batter in the MLB. The average exit velocity for high school players is around 75 mph, with exceptional high school players frequently reaching speeds in excess of 90 mph.
Is it better to use a heavy or light bat?
In this case, choosing a heavier bat should result in faster hit balls, which means the struck ball will go a greater distance. In the event that a player is able to maintain the same bat swing speed with a heavier bat, the heavier bat will result in higher batted ball velocity and a greater distance traveled by the ball.
What is the 2 strike approach?
For example, if you generally stand erect and place your bottom hand on the knob of the bat, and then after two strikes you stretch out your stance and choke up, you will feel uncomfortable and will only end up injuring yourself worse. Don’t experiment with anything you haven’t practiced with. Some batters employ their two-strike technique throughout their whole at-bat.
How to boost the speed of your bat. Hand Speed Trainer is a device that allows you to increase your hand speed. increasing your chances of reaching optimum performance Using the Hand Speed Trainer (HST), you may train for speed, power, and stamina in the traditional manner, bringing simplicity and efficiency to your performance training. TheHSTprovides you with the ability to work against functional resistance at full speed in game/match settings, as well as do essential drill work, during your training.
- The HSTs place the resistance on the body rather than on the equipment, allowing you to develop functional strength and speed while maintaining appropriate body mechanics throughout the workout.
- The ability to resistance train at Game/Match Speed using your own equipment in real-world situations is now available for the first time!
- The resistance of theHST Reds may be raised from 4oz to 24oz in 4oz increments, while the resistance of theHST Blues can be increased from 2oz to 12oz in 2oz increments.
- With a simple glide over the hand, theHST secures itself to the upper forearm just below the elbow, offering a snug and comfortable fit.
- As a result of the implementation of the HST, athletes will be able to practice in almost every circumstance in virtually every sporting arena.
- TheHST removes the mystique around high-performance training.
- The usage of weighted instruments that interfere with our mechanics and elastic bands that are difficult to transmit onto the field, court or course will no longer be tolerated.
- These components are in your hands thanks to TheHST!
- A strong and steady swing will become yours at that point.
Keeping things simple is SMART! Return to SAFE, CLEAR, and FUNCTIONAL training in order to reach your athletic objectives! Begin practicing with the Hand Speed Trainer as soon as possible!
What is the significance of tee work? Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing! You may practice all of your varied swings at the same time. The tee is used first thing in the morning by all major league players and the majority of collegiate players. It assists individuals in warming up, becoming more relaxed, and focusing on their strengths as well as areas in which they need to improve. You have the ability to shift the tee around and work on all of your hitting regions.
Also included is a video that takes you through each tee work drill step by step.
Tee Work, Zone 1, High Inside
Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing. It is demonstrated in this video how to practice striking high within the box (Tee work, zone 1). Tee Work, Zone 1, High Inside, High Outside
Tee Work, Zone 2, Middle Inside
Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing. In this video, you will learn how to practice striking the centre of the inside of the circle (Tee work, zone 2). Tee Work, Zone 2, Middle Inside, and Outside
Tee Work, Zone 3, Low Inside
Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing. It is demonstrated in this video how to practice striking low within the box (Tee work, zone 3). Zone 3, Low Inside, Tee Work, Zone 3, Low Inside,
Tee Work, Low Middle Zone
Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing. It is demonstrated in this video how to drill the low center zone (Tee Work, Low Middle Zone). Tee Work, Low Middle Zone, Tee Work, Low Middle Zone
Tee Work, Middle Middle Zone
Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing. In this video, you will learn how to practice the middle middle zone technique (Tee Work, Middle Middle Zone). Tee Work, Middle Middle Zone, and Middle Middle Zone
Tee Work, High Middle Zone
Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing. How to practice high middle zone is covered in detail in this instructional video (Tee Work, High Middle Zone). Tee Work, High Middle Zone, and High Middle Zone
Tee Work, Zone 4, Low Outside
Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing. Using the instructions in this video, you will learn how to practice low outside zone (Tee Work, Low outside Zone). Tee Work, Zone 4, Low Outside Temperatures
Tee Work, Zone 5, Middle Outside
Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing. It is demonstrated in this video how to practice the middle outside zone (MOOZ) (Tee Work, Middle outside Zone). Zone 5, Middle Outside, Tee Work, Zone 5
Tee Work, Zone 6, High Outside
Tee work is the most effective method of improving your swing. It is demonstrated in this video how to perform high outside zone drills (Tee Work, High outside Zone). Tee Work, Zone 6, High Outside, High Outside
Bat Speed, Batted Ball Speed (Exit Speed) by Age Group
- 1/06/2011 explained the distinctions between bat speed and exit speed, included the Pujols bat speed myth, and added bat speeds from two studies
- On February 13, 2010, high school exit speeds were implemented. On February 14, 2010, we clarified the exit speed chart, distinguishing between wood and non-wood. COR definition was added on February 16, 2010.
Collision between a ball and a bat Dr. Alan Nathan is a physician who practices in the United States. The ultimate aim in hitting is to achieve exit speed (also known as batted ball speed or speed off the bat). This is a measurement of the speed at which the ball leaves the bat when it is struck. This is the result of at least five factors: bat speed (at contact – which may or may not be maximum) + pitch speed (at plate – which may or may not be maximum), adjusted by the impact point on the bat (“sweet spot”), bat composition (for example, BESR rating), and ball composition (for example, composition of the baseball) (ex.
COR rating). It is merely one sign of performance that can lead to improved departure speed, and it is not the only one.
The terms “Bat Speed” and “Exit Speed” are almost always confused
The speed of a bat is not the same as the speed of an exit. The two names are frequently used interchangeably. Bat speed refers to the rate at which thebat is travelling. Exit speed refers to the pace at which the ball is travelling when it is released from the bat.
Warning When Comparing Bat Speeds and Exit Speeds
When comparing bat speeds and exit speeds from different sources, proceed with caution. Let’s have a look at how we might rank the probable speeds in decreasing order using a variety of factors:
- Pitched ball with a non-wood bat (which has the fastest departure speed)
- A pitched ball with a wooden bat
- Ball off tee, non-wooden bat
- Ball off tee With a ball off the tee and a wood bat (with the slowest exit speed), Bat only, non-wood bat (bat speed, light bat)
- Bat only, wood bat (bat speed)
- Bat only, non-wood bat (light bat)
It is not possible to mix and combine these speeds. It is often true that exit speed is faster than bat speed. A very rough rule of thumb would be a 20 percent variation in the results. For a wood bat, the formula is exit speed=q*(pitch speed) + (1+q)*(bat speed), where q is around 0.2 for the pitch speed. The average fastball velocity in Major League Baseball is 91 mph out of the hand and 83 mph at the plate. Example: The average exit speed in Major League Baseball is 103 mph, and the average bat speed is about 70-85 mph.
Physicist Daniel Russell of Kettering University found that non-wood bats may be 8mph faster than wood bats because of their reduced weight (which allows them to be swung faster for increased bat speed) and greater “trampoline effect.”
My Bat Speed is the same as my teammate, but his Exit Speed is higher/lower
With a particular bat speed, three factors might result in a significantly varied exit speed.
- Various bats with varying sweet spots and/or performance characteristics
- Whether you’ve hit the sweet spot or not
- The maximum bat speed is reached at a moment in the swing other than when the bat makes contact with the ball.
Batted Ball Speed (Exit Speed) – 2009 MLB Players Hitting Home Runs – Wood Bats
The “Speed off Bat” chart compiled by Hit Tracker Online shows that Wladimir Balentien had the fastest exit speed in the majors in 2009, clocking in at 122.3 mph, with Albert Pujols coming in second place at 119.6 mph. The minimum exit speed necessary to hit a home run over a short fence looks to be around 94 miles per hour on the ground surface. Warning: Keep in mind that these speeds may be around 8 mph higher if they were using bats that were not made of wood. Their departure speed would be roughly 17 mph slower if they used a tee as a guide.
|Player||Max Exit Speed||Avg Exit Speed||Avg HR Distance|
Exit speed required for a given distance
With the help of theBaseball Home Run Simulator, these are the necessary exit velocity for hitting a baseball at each distance: Please keep in mind that these lengths may vary based on factors such as angle, height, and so on.
- 90 miles per hour, 300 feet
- 93 miles per hour, 315 feet
- 95 miles per hour, 326 feet
- 100 miles per hour, 350 feet
- 102 miles per hour, 360 feet
- 105 miles per hour, 375 feet
- 110 miles per hour, 400 feet
- 115 miles per hour, 420 feet
- 120 miles per hour, 443 feet
Note: According to the data shown above, every 1 mph increase in departure speed causes the ball to go 5 feet farther. The distance would be around 4 feet for a bat moving at 1mph, which is less than the 7-8 feet we’ve heard about in previous research. The matter will be investigated further.
Charts showing reported bat speeds and exit speeds
We compiled all of the third-party information on bat speeds and exit speeds that we could locate and organized them into age groups for you to enjoy. Please contact us if you are aware of any other reports. Warning: In some of these tales, it is unclear if they used non-wood or wood bats, as well as whether they utilized a thrown ball or a tee as a pitching instrument. We also have no method of confirming the speeds that have been reported. However, we believed they were of some worth, so we’ve included them here.
- (a) PerDenver Hitting Club (wood vs. non-wood?, tee or pitched? )
- (b) PerAB Athletic Development, Nashua, NH (wood vs. non-wood?, tee or pitched? )
- (c) PerHit Tracker Onlineusing MLB Hit FX (WOOD bats, front toss)
- (d) PerPerry Husband JC campSports Radar? (c) PerHit Tracker Onlineusing MLB Hit FX according to his films – non-wood, pitched ball)(see footage of exit speed being assessed by Perry Husband)
- (e) PerJeff Forney’s Triple Threat (based on his videos – non-wood, pitched ball)
- Mesa, Arizona Using the “Zelocity Pure Flight” system (wood vs. non-wood?, tee or pitched? )
- (f) Per top-rated local high school (non-wood, tee)
- (g) PerWashington University in St. Louis bat speed testing of Albert Pujols at 86.99 mph in 4/06 (wood bat, tee)
- (h) PerASMI study on bat MOIDr. Fleisig tested 17 college baseball
Batted Ball Speed (Exit Speed) – Speed of the Ball
|10U||11-12||13-14||15-16 17-18 High School||College||Pro/ Olympic|
|Baseball(a) non-wood, pitched ball (elite)||()||()||48 (74)||73 (94)||84 87 JC(d) (96) (95 JC)(d)||95 MILB (wood?)|
|Baseballwood, pitched ball (elite)||()||()||103.6 exactly MLB(c) (115-122)(c)|
|Baseball(f) non-wood, tee (elite)|
- 9th grade in the 70s and low 80s
- JV in the 80s
- Varsity in the mid 80s
- (104 maximum drafted player)
|Baseball(b) wood, tee/softoss (elite)||()||()||78-83(b) (90-94)(b)||(91-96)(b)||93-96 MILB(b)|
|Fastpitch(a) (elite) non-wood, pitched?||()||()||38 (55)||53 (66)||58 (69)||66 (79)|
Bat Speed – Speed of the Bat
|10U||11-12||13-14||15-16 17-18 High School||College||Pro/ Olympic|
|Baseball(e) non-wood (elite)||40-50 (45-55)||50-55 (55-60)||55-60 (60-70)||(70-75)||55-60 (h) (75-85)||(85-95) (I doubt 90+)|
|Baseballwood (elite)||(81-92)?(b)||(84-86 MILB)(b) 86.99 Pujols (g)(69 MILB) but only 65 at impact (j)|
|Fastpitch(b) (elite)||()||()||()||()||43-50 (h)||()|
Myth – Albert Pujols’ bat speed is slower than MLB average
My suspicion is that this myth originated from a September 2006 GQ story in which the author attempted to compare Pujols’ recorded batspeed of 86.99 mph (using a 31.5 ounce wood bat on an infield tee) with the speed of Kevin Reese (a former minor leaguer). Kevin’s exit velocity, I believe, was this. There are several connections to this GQ piece that serve to propagate the myth, but I was unable to locate any that pointed to the source of Kevin’s speed. From the observed MLB exit speeds for every single at-bat in 2009 and 2010, it is apparent that no MLB player could possible have a bat speed that was even remotely close to 100 miles per hour.
As you can see from the figure at the top, Pujols had an above-average exit speed of 106.9 mph in 2009, indicating that his bat speed is greater than the national average.
What is COR?
The COR (also known as the coefficient of restitution) is a common method of determining a ball’s compression performance. The function is (exit speed) / (entrance speed) (pitched ball speed) A baseball has a COR rating of 0.555, which is quite good. This indicates that a ball will return at a rate that is 55.5 percent as quickly as it entered the court. Softballs have COR values of 0.44 and 0.47, respectively. The COR rating indicates how “hot” the ball is. The greater the value, the “hotter” the ball.
How Should I Measure My Swing Performance?
Using a wood bat (to avoid bat rating differences) and a tee (to avoid pitch speed disparities) that allows for a tiny uppercut is the most accurate technique to quantify individual hitting performance (optimum is 9 degree to match the pitch plane). Then walk outside and concentrate on altering your swing plane while maintaining the same exit speed in order to produce more backspin and distance on your shots.
3 MEASURABLE TOOLS
Every baseball player who begins his or her baseball career in t-ball hopes to play college baseball and eventually make it to the Major Leagues. Each and every player who begins to play baseball at the age of five has a CHANCE to achieve his or her dreams. Baseball is the best game on the planet because EVERY player who begins to play at that age has a CHANCE to achieve his or her dreams. Baseball is NOT a sport in which you must be 6’9″ and 235 pounds of absolute muscle to be successful. It is a sport in which dedication and perseverance, along with a small amount of athleticism, may propel a player to the top of the rankings!
Every baseball player is made up of FIVE different pieces of equipment.
- Hitting for average, hitting for power, arm strength, fielding ability, and speed are all important factors.
You will find it difficult to compete at the collegiate level if you do not have at least an AVERAGE ability with each of these instruments. The greater the number of tools you can acquire that are regarded above average to “plus,” the higher the level at which you will be able to play and the greater the ease with which you will be able to accomplish those levels. Therefore, the issue becomes: “How can I know where my tools are in relation to where they are supposed to be?” Two of these tools, “Hitting for Average” and “Fielding Ability,” are far more difficult to evaluate and normally need the assistance of a scout or someone with extensive expertise in evaluating baseball players in order to provide you with an accurate rating.
What are the three quantifiable tools?
- Batting speed (hitting for power)
- Arm velocity (arm strength)
- 60 time (speed)
- Batting speed
During this session, we will go over each skill and what statistics you should strive for in order to play at various levels of baseball.
Measurable Tool1: Bat Speed
College coaches and professional scouts look for “Power” at the plate as the first “Tool” that a player possesses. Power does not always have to be home run power; it may also be gap-to-gap power in some situations. Every batter who wishes to compete at the collegiate or professional level must be able to, at the very least, drive a baseball over the heads of the outfielders in order to keep them honest. This is something that everyone, whether they are 5’5 and 150 pounds or 6-5 and 225 pounds, must be able to perform.
To be able to create maximum speed with the bat head while also making contact with the baseball in the proper sequence in which your body permits you to “hit behind” the baseball What criteria do you use to evaluate power?
The two most straightforward ways to determine the level of authority someone possesses are as follows:
- When you’re watching their batting practice session, you’ll see that a person with tremendous power will make baseballs “jump” from his bat. He also has the ability to throw his balls considerably farther than you would expect them to go. The left fielder will not be able to catch a line drive because it will travel over his head and short-hop the fence. This is my favorite method for determining where a player stands in relation to previous players I have taught. Exit velocity of the ball while hitting off the tee: Taking the exit velocity of a baseball off a tee is something that EVERY baseball player can perform to get a sense of where he stands in relation to different levels of batters. By positioning yourself behind the tee and using the Stalker radar gun to measure the player’s “bat speed,” you can receive an accurate estimate of the player’s performance. Make certain that you are using good baseballs as well as a WOOD bat in order to obtain an accurate reading.
There are a variety of other characteristics that contribute to being a great hitter, but bat speed is without a doubt the most crucial. It is not always necessary to have “Plus” power, but it is necessary to have at least average power if you want to be a successful hitter. The ability to smash a baseball a significant distance in batting practice is shared by even the “slap” batters, such as Ichiro, who are known for their power. Here are some metrics for players of various skill levels:
- Average high school: 80 MPH+
- Good high school/average non-D1 college: 85 MPH+
- Minimum D1/good non-D1: 90 MPH+
- Average D1 starter/fringe pro: 95 MPH+
- Good D1/MLB prospect: 100 MPH+
- Average D1/MLB prospect: 100 MPH+
Measurable Tool2: Arm Velocity
I believe that arm strength is the easiest tool to develop and the most obvious to detect in a competitor. Every participant participates in a game of catch before each game, as well as before each inning. EVERY time you play catch, it is an opportunity to show off your arm power. When it comes to determining arm strength, there are three distinct elements that coaches consider:
- Velocity on the gun: The velocity on the gun is the only quantifiable reading that can be obtained. If you want an exact reading, you must have someone stand behind the person you are throwing to and hold a stalker. ‘Carry’: As you watch a player throw from his or her position, coaches and scouts will be looking to see what sort of ‘carry’ the ball has. This is certainly influenced by velocity, but a shortstop with a strong arm will not have a thrown ball that begins to drop before it reaches first base on a consistent basis. His ball will remain true and, in some cases, may even appear to ascend in the air. A similar statement may be made about an outfielder who carries the ball. When he’s half way to the target, he’ll have a ball that looks like it has a second gear in it. Instead of starting to die, it will continue all the way to the end of the road. The amount of effort required: The final thing a spectator will notice is how much effort you appear to be putting out during your throwing motion. Despite the fact that two players can throw 90 miles per hour, one makes it look simple, while the other appears to be putting up 100 percent effort. The more straightforward you can make it appear, the better.
Listed below are the dimensions for various levels of players:Infielders:
- Average High School: 75 MPH+
- Good High School/Average Non-D1 College: 80 MPH+
- Minimum D1/Good Non-D1: 85 MPH+
- Average D1 starter/Fringe Pro: 88 MPH+
- Good D1/MLB Prospect: 92 MPH+
- Average D1/MLB Prospect: 92 MPH+
- Average D1/ML
- High School: 75 MPH+
- Good High School/Average Non-D1 College: 80 MPH+
- Minimum D1/Good Non-D1: 85 MPH+
- Average D1 starter/Fringe Pro: 88 MPH+
- Good D1/MLB Prospect: 92 MPH+
- Average D1/MLB Prospect: 92 MPH+
- Average D
- Average High School: 75 MPH+
- Good High School/Average Non-D1 College: 80 MPH+
- Minimum D1/Good Non-D1: 85 MPH+
- Average D1 starter/Fringe Pro: 88 MPH+
- Good D1/MLB Prospect: 92 MPH+
- Average D1/MLB Prospect: 92 MPH+
Measurable Tool3: 60 Time
The third tool that may be measured is the ability to move quickly. The 60-yard dash is the first “event” that takes place at each competition or showcase. Guys that are quick to react are able to make an immediate impression. However, just because you are unable to run a 6.5 60 does not rule out the possibility of having good speed. I would divide the concept of speed into two separate categories:
- Top-end speed: This type of speed is most evident in events such as the 60-yard dash, in which the runner has a significant amount of time to get his body going. One of the primary reasons why the 60 might be deceiving at times is because of this. Despite the fact that a man may have incredible speed from 20-60 yards, when does he ever need to go more than 20 yards? First-Step: The first step is the second component of speed, and it is the component that I would consider the most crucial. Having a strong initial step allows a player to cross the field and be up to full speed almost immediately after crossing. In baseball, I believe that the initial step is far more significant than any other component. Base stealers and defenders that have a strong initial step may be quite effective. It is possible for a runner who is an ordinary 6.9-7.1 to be transformed into a plus player by having an above average first step.
A 60-yard dash is used to determine how fast you are. In order to do this, you must begin as if you are stealing a base, cross the diamond, then sprint the 60 yards. Here are some metrics for players of various skill levels: Infielders:
- 7 seconds for average high school
- 7.2 seconds for good high school/average non-D1 college
- 6.99 seconds for minimum D1/good non-D1
- 6.8 seconds for average D1 starter/fringe pro
- 6.6 seconds or more for good D1/MLB prospect
- The average high school time is 7.5 seconds
- The average good high school time is 7.5 seconds
- The average good non-D1 time is 7.3 seconds
- The average D1 starter time is 7.2 seconds
- The average good non-D1 time is 7.0 seconds
- The average high school time is 7.3 seconds
- The average good high school time is 7.0 seconds
- The minimum D1 time is 6.8 seconds
- The average D1 starter/fringe pro time is 6.7 seconds
- The average good D1 prospect time is 6.5 seconds or more.
Using a Sliding Scale Obviously, none of the figures listed above are fixed in stone. A player who has much higher than normal numbers in one tool may have somewhat lower numbers in another. All of these data are suggestions to help you get a sense of where you stand in relation to other players who play your position and who are playing at the level at which you aspire to compete. Don’t get disheartened if you are not at one of these levels right now. Every one of these three tools may be made better with a lot of dedication and hard effort.
In a year, I’ve witnessed velocities and bat speeds increase by 10-15 mph.
5 Tips to Increase your Bat Speed
Consider the following methods for increasing your bat speed.
1. The Barrel Turn
(Barry Bonds, Hank Aaron, Ted Williams, Babe Ruth, to name a few stars) Any reader familiar with the information on this site will be aware that there is a definite link between all of the great hitters and their ability to spin the barrel. A forward tip of the barrel is followed by a turn rearward and around to strike the baseball. This barrel turn offers a number of advantages, the most notable of which is that it is the most effective method of getting the barrel to move quickly. Instead of your body, it’s THE BARREL that needs to move at breakneck speed.
This early bat speed provides a batter with an advantage in the count.
You must be able to perform this action in order to truly comprehend the notion.
Tipping the bat allows a player to take use of his or her momentum; this does not necessitate the utilization of superhuman forearm strength on the part of the batter. It turns out that using momentum to your advantage involves less power and effort than you may think.
2. Leave the Hands Back
So many batters are attempting to move their hands away from their rear shoulder and through the baseball to achieve success. Several issues arise as a result of this decision. When you pump your arms back and forth, the bat does not get behind the baseball as quickly as it could otherwise, giving you a slight margin for error. Second, by pulling the hands forward, the smaller muscles of the upper body are able to operate ahead of the lower body, resulting in greater efficiency. As a result, the flow of energy begins at the top and works its way down.
- Creating a spiral of energy that rises from the ground up The hands and bat should be the absolute last items to be brought to the table.
- The lower body is responsible for pulling the upper body through the swing.
- You will have greater control over the bat if you keep your hands at your shoulders during the swing.
- Maintaining tight and strong control of the baseball may be accomplished by maintaining the hands at shoulder level and turning the shoulders toward the baseball.
3. Weight Shift
(Image courtesy of Ryan Braun) Ryan Braun is an excellent example of someone who has successfully used a weight shift to his benefit. Braun is able to take use of the momentum created by his body, diving towards the baseball and directing all of his force into the swing. This is not to be confused with striking with your front foot, which is a different technique. In the next two sections, I will delve a little deeper. For the time being, I’d like you to pay attention to how his weight is still centered on his rear leg as he strides and falls to the ground.
Take note of the fact that Braun is not standing up straight in this footage.
Braun is able to retain a “stay back” feeling while still building forward momentum as a result of this, in conjunction with the elbow pull back.
We may learn a great deal by observing someone who is able to maximize their power output.
4. Stretch and Fire
This illustration illustrates the fundamental principle of stretch and fire. The lower body does not need to move quickly; rather, the capacity to use this energy is entirely contingent on the upper body being stationary while the lower body moves. This effect is extremely difficult to achieve without the use of a barrel turn. A player who drives the bat forward will never know what it feels like to be in this situation. Gary Sanchez is the author of this piece. Take note of how the rear leg initiates the push WELL BEFORE the hands come forward.
- When it comes to throwing, most players execute this right, but when it comes to hitting, players have modified their swings to keep up with rapid pitching.
- Ken Griffey Jr.
- is perhaps the finest player in baseball history when it comes to harnessing the kinetic chain to generate energy from the ground up.
- This enables the barrel to get behind the ball early and maintain a path that will result in square contact being made on a regular basis.
- The fact that his hands are at the rear means that he remains in a solid position to hit even when his timing is slightly off.
His power on the opposing field is substantially strengthened as a result of his decision to hold his hands back. Consider what would happen if he positioned his hands in front of and over the plate: there would be little room to generate bat speed before the deep contact point of an outside pitch.
5. Pull The Elbow Back
(Source: Dick Allen) An appropriate load necessitates tension between the upper and lower bodies. When you observe the greats, you will see that they all go forward with their elbow pulled back. As we discussed before, this has the effect of creating a “stretch and fire” situation. Many batters “load” their hands by pulling them back towards the umpire; however, this is not the proper way to do so in baseball. In order to produce a genuine load, the elbow must be drawn back towards the dugout behind you while swinging.
It’s a rotating load around the back leg, so pull the elbow back as the back knee moves forward, and you’ll notice that you’ve reached the absolute limit of your range of motion.
That is the method by which you link the energy generated by the rear leg and use it to swing the baseball bat.
Pick up your bat and watch how far you can move the barrel before your shoulders start to turn involuntarily.