What Position Is Ss In Baseball

Shortstop – Wikipedia

The shortstop’s position on the field Shortstop (abbreviated SS) is a baseball or softball fielding position that is located between second and third base and is regarded to be one of the most difficult defensive positions in the game. Historically, the position was allocated to defensive specialists who were often bad at batting and were frequently relegated to the bottom of the batting order to protect their teammates. Today, shortstops are frequently capable of hitting effectively, and many of them are positioned at the top of the order.

Due to the fact that there are more right-handedhitters in baseball than left-handedhitters, and since most batters have a propensity to draw the balls gently, the shortstop fielded the most hit balls of any position in the game.

A shortstop also fields balls hit to the left side of the infield, where a powerful arm is required to throw out batters before they reach the safety of first base, similar to a third baseman.


The shortstop’s fielding position SS stands for shortstop in baseball and softball. It is the fielding position between second and third base, and it is regarded to be one of the most difficult positions to play on the defense. Tradition has it that the position has been allocated to defensive specialists who, due to their weak batting skills, are frequently relegated to the bottom of the order. Shortstops are frequently capable of hitting effectively these days, and many are positioned at the top of the order.

Because there are more right-handedhitters in baseball than left-handedhitters, and because most batters have a tendency to draw the balls gently, the shortstop fielded the most hit balls of any position in the league.

A shortstop also fields balls hit to the left side of the infield, where a powerful arm is required to throw out batters before they reach the safety of first base, much like a third baseman would do.


Instead of having to start every play in the same location (the pitcher must be on thepitcher’s mound with one foot in contact with thepitcher’s rubber, and the catcher must be behind home plate in the catcher’s box), the shortstop and the other fielders can adjust their positions in response to what they anticipate will be the actions of the batter and runner(s) once the play begins. On the third-base side, the shortstop is often positioned near second base on the third-base side. In order to accommodate right-handed batters’ proclivity to smash the ball more toward third base, a shortstop will often shift closer to third base if the batter is hitting right-handed and closer to first base if the batter is batting left-handed.

  1. This is especially true because the ground balls he fields have frequently traveled a considerable distance.
  2. It is necessary for shortstops to cover second base.
  3. They also cover second base when a runner attempts to steal it, but only when a left-handed hitter is at bat.
  4. When there are runners on first and second and a sacrifice bunt is attempted toward third base, the shortstop must step in away from third base in order to catch the ball.
  5. Shortstops are often given priority on collecting pop-ups in the infield as well, which results in them calling off other players on a regular basis, however on deep pop-ups they are more likely to fall back if called off by an outfielder on a deep pop-up.
  6. In some systems, the shortstop may be responsible for cutting balls from left field that are headed home; however, this is often the responsibility of the third baseman.
  7. Historically, a good shortstop did not have to be a good hitter in order to be effective.
  8. Teams have been increasingly reliant on players who can play both the field and the plate since the 1960s, and such poor hitters have become increasingly rare since then.

Significant shortstops

The year in which a player was inducted into the Hall of Fame is shown in brackets following his name.


  1. Robin Yount began his career as a shortstop before moving to the outfield where he spent his final nine seasons. John Henry Lloyd and Willie Wellswere selected for their play in theNegro leagues
  2. George Wright was selected as a pioneer but also starred as a shortstop in the 1860s and 1870s
  3. And George Wright was selected as a pioneer but also starred as a shortstop in the 1860s and 1870s. (Yount earned the MVP award as a shortstop in 1982 and as a centerfielder in 1989, in addition to his shortstop honors in 1982.)
  4. Ernie Banks spent the first part of his career at shortstop before moving to first base for the remainder.

Multiple Gold Glove Award winners

Omar Vizquel has played in more games at shortstop than any other player in the history of the Major League Baseball.

  1. Cal Ripken Jr.: 583 (Baltimore Orioles, 1984)
  2. Whitey Wietelmann: 581 (Boston Braves, 1943)
  3. Rabbit Maranville: 574 (Boston Braves, 1914)
  4. Don Kessinger: 573 (Chicago Cubs, 1968)
  5. Ozzie Smith: 621 (San Diego Padres, 1980)
  6. Glenn Wright: 601 (Pittsburgh Pirates, 1924)
  7. Dave Bancroft: 5

The following is the source: (does not list teams)

All-time single season putout leaders among shortstops

  1. 401 (Philadelphia Phillies, 1898)
  2. 404 (Philadelphia Phillies, 1906)
  3. 395 (Chicago White Sox, 1913)
  4. 392 (Chicago White Sox, 1914)
  5. Donie Bush: 425 (Detroit Tigers, 1914)
  6. Hughie Jennings: 425 (Baltimore Orioles, 1895)
  7. Joe Cassidy: 407 (Boston Braves, 1914)
  8. Rabbit Maranville: 407

All-time single-season fielding percentage leaders among shortstops

  1. J. J. Hardy:.9923 (Baltimore Orioles, 2012)
  2. Tony Fernández.9919 (Toronto Blue Jays, 1989)
  3. Rey Sánchez:.9915 (Kansas City Royals, 2001)
  4. Cal Ripken Jr.:.9956 (Baltimore Orioles, 1990)
  5. Omar Vizquel:.9954 (Cleveland Indians, 2000)
  6. Rey Ordóez:.9938 (New York Mets, 1999)
  7. O

Number of seasons with 100+ double plays turned at shortstop (among Hall of Fame shortstops)

  • Cal Ripken Jr. has 12, Phil Rizzuto has 8, Lou Boudreau has 6, Ozzie Smith has 5, Luke Appling has 4, Luis Aparicio has 3, Ernie Banks has 3, Travis Jackson has 3, Pee Wee Reese has 2, Arky Vaughan has 2, Dave Bancroft has 1, Joe Cronin has 1, Derek Jeter has 1, Rabbit Maranville has 1, Alan Trammell has 1, Robin Yount has 1
  • Cal Ripken Jr. has 1
  • Phil Ri

Obtainable via baseballreference.com

See also

  • From baseballreference.com, with permission


  1. ^abc Dr. John Thorn’s article “Doc Adams” was published by the Society for American Baseball Research. Miller, Robert (November 28, 2011)
  2. Retrieved November 28, 2011
  3. (September 26, 2009). “The Ridgefield resident who played a role in the invention of baseball.” The News-Times is a newspaper published in New York City. Miller, Robert (November 30, 2011)
  4. Retrieved November 30, 2011
  5. (September 26, 2009). Doc Adams’ legacy and the shortstop position are discussed in detail in this article. The News-Times is a newspaper published in New York City. on December 2, 2011
  6. Retrieved on December 2, 2011
  7. The Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) published a biography of Mickey Pearce in April of 2021. McKenna, Brian. “Dickey Pearce.” SABR. Retrieved 3 April 2021
  8. John Thorn is the author of this work (2011). Baseball in the Garden of Eden: The Untold Story of the First Decade of the Game Publisher: Simon Schuster
  9. Page number: 106
  10. ISBN: 978-0-7432-9403-4 Phillip Mahony’s Baseball Explained is available online. McFarland & Company, 2014. See theWayback Machine for further information
  11. Dave Seminara is a writer who lives in New York City (2010-07-06). “I’ve been associated with ‘The Mendoza Line’ for the rest of my life.” The St. Louis Post-Dispatch published this article. Retrieved January 9, 2013
  12. “George Brett Statistics and History”. Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved February 13, 2011
  13. “Mike Schmidt Statistics and History”. Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 9, 2013
  14. “George Brett Statistics and History”. Baseball-Reference.com. “Single-Season LeadersRecords for Assists as an SS”.Baseball-Reference.com. USA Today Sports Media Group. Retrieved February 13, 2011
  15. “Single-Season LeadersRecords for Assists as an SS”.Baseball-Reference.com. USA Today Sports Media Group. Retrieved August 7, 2012

What is a Shortstop in Baseball? (Detailed Explanation)

We rely on the generosity of our readers. If you make a purchase after clicking on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a commission. In addition, we get commissions from eligible Amazon sales because we are an Amazon affiliate. Playing shortstop in baseball is similar to playing quarterback in peewee football in the beginning stages of the game. Each and every team member wants to do it, and the most athletic player on the squad is generally the one that gets to play there. Because the position is becoming more sophisticated and demanding more skill than athleticism, whether or not that athlete goes on to play shortstop for his future teams will be determined by his progress as an infielder in the meanwhile.

The shortstop is a position in baseball that is located between second and third base.

Because of his position on the field and the variety of tasks that he is expected to do, many people consider the shortstop to be the captain of the infield.

What Does a Shortstop Do?

A shortstop is often regarded as one of the most crucial, if not the most important, positions on the baseball field nowadays. This defense position is responsible for a variety of tasks, some of which are listed below:

  • Ground balls should be fielded on the left side of second base.
  • However, the shortstop should make every effort to cover as much distance as possible, although he usually has precedence on ground balls hit between second base and the location where the third baseman is positioned.
  • However, the shortstop should make every effort to cover as much distance as possible, although he often has priority on ground balls hit between second base and the location where the third baseman is positioned
  • Cut off throws from the outfield and serve as a cutoff man.
  • Throws to second and third base are cut off when a ball is hit to the left side of the outfield and a ball is hit to the right side of the outfield.
  • Inform the remainder of the infielders and outfielders of the amount of outs that have been recorded.
  • The shortstop is supposed to be aware of the number of outs at all times and is responsible for communicating this information to the rest of the defense. In order to communicate this information, he merely holds up the amount of outs with his fingers in between at-bats.
  • Keeping the ball in the infield helps to keep the rushing game under control.
  • Some teams burden their shortstop with the job of limiting the number of looks the pitcher delivers to the runner on second base while the game is in progress. Simple hand gestures are used to communicate this information. Pickoff plays to second are also called by the shortstop from time to time.
  • When a left-handed batter pulls the ball at the plate, the shortstop is often tasked with covering second base in the event of a stolen base.
  • On double-play attempts involving ground balls hit to the right side of second base with a runner on first, the shortstop will cover second base.

Is Shortstop the Most Difficult Position on the Field?

As can be seen, the shortstop is responsible for a wide range of tasks that are not always related to receiving ground balls and fly balls in the outfield. As a result, some players believe it to be the most difficult position on the field to perform. However, others would say that the position of catcher is more challenging because of the physical demands of the job. Regardless of where one stands on this argument, most people will agree that teams must place a strong focus on the shortstop position in order to succeed.

In part because of his placement being deeper than the third baseman, the shortstop has the ability to cover more territory and field a greater number of ground balls.

If you need more information on why shortstop is the most difficult position on the baseball diamond, see our article “Why is Shortstop the Most Difficult Position in Baseball?” for more information.

Why is it Called “Shortstop”?

In the mid-1800s, a guy by the name of Doc Adams was given the honor of creating the position of shortstop. It was originally intended to be used as an outfield position. During that time period, baseballs were so light in weight that outfielders had a tough time hurling them into the infield. The shortstop was designed to function largely as a transition point between the outfielders and the infielders. It was referred to as a “shortstop” for the outfielders’ throws since it prevented them from having to make lengthy throws that they were not physically capable of making.

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Profile of the Typical Shortstop

Dr. Doc Adams is credited for establishing the shortstop position in baseball in the mid-1800s. The position was originally intended to be used as an outfielder. During that time period, baseballs were so light in weight that outfielders had a tough time hurling the ball into center field. Originally, the shortstop’s primary function was to act as a link between the outfielders and the infielders on the field of play. Outfielders’ throws were intercepted by a “shortstop,” allowing them to avoid making lengthy throws that they were not physically capable of making.

Notable Shortstops

There have been a total of 26 shortstops elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame at Cooperstown since its inception in 1947. Derek Jeter, the longtime captain of the New York Yankees, is the most recent shortstop to be inducted into the Hall of Fame. Jeter was one vote away from being named the winner of the World Series. He had a 20-year professional career during which he reached the milestone of 3,000 hits. Some have contended during Jeter’s career that he was never the greatest or most skilled shortstop in the Major League Baseball, but no one can dispute with his consistency as a defender and a hitter, which is unquestionable.

He is referred to as “The Captain,” and for much of his career, he was regarded as the face of the shortstop position in baseball.

(Baltimore Orioles) are among the other noteworthy shortstops in the Baseball Hall of Fame, as are Ernie Banks (Chicago Cubs), Ozzie Smith (St.

In 1936, Wagner became the first shortstop to be elected into Cooperstown Baseball Hall of Fame.

He was one of the first players to bring an attacking presence to the position while simultaneously being an excellent defensive player, making him one of the most influential players in the game.

Why don’t left-handed throwers play shortstop?

Left-handed throwers are rarely used at second base, third base, or shortstop due to the time it takes them to square up their shoulders after collecting a ground ball and make a throw to first base. Whenever a right-handed pitcher fields a ground ball, his or her shoulders and torso are already in a good position to throw the ball to first base. It takes longer for lefties to toss the ball, which adds an extra stride or two for the runner.

What number is the shortstop position on the lineup card?

The shortstop is listed as the sixth position on the lineup card. There is a number assigned to each position that is used for lineup cards and scorekeepers. The position of shortstop is ranked sixth on the list.

Do shortstops have to play in the same spot every play?

Shortstops can begin their games anywhere on the field, not only at the shortstop position. In reality, teams frequently rearrange their players depending on who is hitting, and they may even move their shortstop to the other side of second base on occasion. There have been discussions of the MLB establishing a regulation that would abolish the shift, but for the time being, all defensive players are free to select where they want to start each play. Take a look at these more resources: In baseball, how many bases are there?

(Explained) In baseball, what is the Triple Crown and how does it work?

Shortstop In Baseball – Baseball Position

When it comes to baseball, the shortstop position is distinct from every other position on the field. It is one of the most vital positions in baseball, and it is frequently the position that sees the most baseballs in a typical game. Its name is also distinct from the other positions on the field, which makes it a good fit. The shortstop position is located between the second baseman and the third baseman on the baseball diamond. It derives its name from the fact that it demands the player to halt on the short side of the field and function as a cutoff for the left and center fielders, which is where it is positioned.

What is the origin of the term “shortstop,” and why is it such an important position on the baseball field?

Why It’s Called a Shortstop In Baseball

In a nutshell, the position was developed by a player by the name of Doc Adams. In 1859, he was a member of the New York Knickerbockers baseball team. Baseball fields were traditionally populated by eight players, with one player at each base and three outfielders in addition to a pitcher/catcher. Because of the huge number of right-handed hitters (which continues to be the case in today’s game), the distance between third and second base was enormous. Doc Adams made the decision to relocate from his outfield position to a position closer to what we know as the shortstop position.

Later, the position was changed to shortstop, since he would no longer serve as a cutoff man, but rather as a stop to the short side of the field instead.

This meant that players in the outfield would be unable to reach a base or even return the ball to the pitcher’s hand.

This is the primary reason why the shortstop position has become so lucrative throughout the years. In his final season with the Knickerbockers, Doc contributed to the invention and revolutionization of one of baseball’s most productive positions, that of pitcher.

What A Shortstop Does In Baseball

In baseball, the shortstop position is one of the most critical positions on the field. As previously stated, the majority of baseballs are hit to the shortstop position. As a result, the shortstop must have the greatest glove on the field, as they will be the ones who see the most action. Shortstops are required to have a strong glove, the ability to turn double plays, and the ability to serve as a bridge between the center fielder and the left fielder. Believe it or not, the results of baseball games looked a lot like the results of American football games.

The insertion of the shortstop closed up the big gaps on the left side of the field, resulting in a significant reduction in the score.

Additionally, the shortstop position is responsible for catching fly balls and turning double plays from the second baseman and other infielders, on top of receiving ground balls.

Why Is The Shortstop Position Numbered 6 and Not 5?

The shortstop position is numbered 6 when looking at a box score or a graphic of baseball positions, for example. While each base position is numbered from right to left, the 3rd base is numbered 5 and the shortstop is numbered 6. This does not make sense to the conventional counting eye, as each base position is numbered from right to left. Despite the fact that the shortstop position was founded after all of the other positions had previously been established, The addition of this extra position amounted to the addition of a new number to the infield.

The outfield was renumbered after nine players were added to the field to bring the total number of players on the field to a total of fifteen.

Why The Shortstop Position Is The Hardest

Because the majority of balls are hit toward the shortstop, shortstop is one of the most difficult positions to play in the infield. They are frequently the most athletic players on the field, and they have the greatest glove for fielding ground balls. Shortstops are the most athletic players on the field. Because the vast majority of baseball batters are right-handed, they are more likely to draw the ball toward shortstop, which is on the left side of the diamond on a right-handed pitcher. Because the third baseman is responsible for protecting the foul line, the shortstop must extend his range to the left and right of the plate.

  1. Getting the ball on the run is a common sight for the shortstop, who must turn his hips back around and throw the ball sidearm in order to make contact.
  2. Shortstops who are fielding a backhand can be seen throwing with the same type of motion as pitchers.
  3. A half-second longer if the shortstop paused, placed his foot on the ground, and then threw the ball all the way across the diamond would be required.
  4. If you want to play the shortstop position, we recommend that you practice fielding ground balls from both the right and left sides of the field.

Practice throwing from unusual angles and receiving ground balls that have been struck gently or forcefully. When throwing to first, the shortstop’s skill set necessitates rapid lateral movement as well as pinpoint precision. See our whole collection of useful baseball articles by clicking here.

Can A Lefty Play Shortstop?

The fact that the shortstop is located on the left side of the diamond means that shortstops are more often than not right-handed throwers. A left-handed shortstop would have to gather the baseball, turn their entire body, and then throw the baseball, whereas a right-handed shortstop would be able to scoop the baseball and throw it immediately. Because of this lengthy cycle, it is more logical for lefties to play first base or the outfield instead of both. Ground ball outs in baseball can be determined by fractions of an inch, and every second counts while fielding, gathering the feet, and throwing the ball across the diamond to the other team.


To assist bridge the gap between the second and third basemen, shortstops have been introduced to the game of baseball. Because of the high proportion of right-handed batters, the ball is frequently hit between the 2nd and 3rd base holes. This is what resulted in the development of the shortstop position. Prior to the shortstop, baseball scoring resembled football scores, and the innings seemed to stretch on interminably. In addition to allowing the second baseman to play in the space between second and first, the shortstop also allowed the defense on the right side of the field to be more efficient.

Baseball Shortstop

The shortstop is referred regarded as the “leader of the infield” in baseball. Shortstops are often found between second base and third base. The shortstop is typically the most athletic member of the infield. However, second basemen are located a long distance away from the batter, but have a short throw to first base. Third basemen are close to the batter, but they must throw across the diamond to get to second base. Shortstops are distinguished by their distance from the batter and the length of their throw.

Role and Responsibilities

When a baseball is put into play, the shortstop, like the second baseman, is in the thick of the action and close to the action. The shortstop must be acutely aware of the positioning of the other players in the infield and be able to anticipate where the baseball will be thrown next. The shortstop fields a large number of ground balls, and he frequently fields the most ground balls of all of the infielders. Ground balls are baseballs that are hit hard and low to the ground, causing them to bounce off the ground.

After catching the baseball, the shortstop frequently delivers it to the second baseman to begin the double play, or he throws it directly to the first baseman to complete the double play. The following is a list of the most typical obligations that a shortstop must fulfill:

  • Raise his hands to catch hit baseballs that land in his region (between second and third base, as well as in shallow left-center field)
  • Cover third or second base as necessary
  • Be able to throw the baseball to first base, where the majority of outs are recorded
  • Be able to turn double plays with the second baseman
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Types of Shortstops

Shortstops come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The majority of the differences between these sorts are determined by the type of player. There are three types of shortstops: defensive shortstops, offensive shortstops, and all-arounders.

Defensive Shortstops

A defensive shortstop is a shortstop who is more skilled on the defensive side of the baseball diamond than on the offensive side. On most cases, defensive shortstops make minimal errors and have excellent reflexes as well as range in the field. A solid defensive shortstop will also have a strong arm, which will allow him to make difficult plays at first base. Andrelton Simmons and Troy Tulowitski are two defensive shortstops that stand out among the others.

Offensive Shortstops

As the name implies, offensive shortstops are the polar opposite of defensive shortstops. They have a reputation for being a little worse at fielding. They could make a few of more mistakes. Offensive shortstops, on the other hand, are superior hitters, and in certain cases, the greatest batters on their team. Alex Rodriguez, Manny Machado, and Tim Anderson are some of the most well-known offensive shortstops in baseball.

All-around Shortstop

All-around shortstops are shortstops who are equally adept on both the defensive and offensive sides of the ball. All-around shortstops are usually the best shortstops on the team. Being an all-around shortstop is difficult because you must be proficient at both hitting and fielding the ball on defense. Some of the greatest shortstops in baseball history have been all-around shortstops. Derek Jeter, Honus Wagner, and Cal Ripken Jr. are examples of such players.

Shortstop Equipment

Shortstops don’t require any special equipment that isn’t available to players in other positions. If you’re going to be playing shortstop, the main difference is that you’ll generally require an infield glove rather than a larger outfield glove. Other pieces of equipment you need invest in if you want to play shortstop:

  • A baseball bat, batting gloves, a hat, baseball spikes, sunglasses, a batting helmet, ankle, wrist, and elbow guards are all required.

Shortstop History

Because earlier baseballs didn’t go very far, they would frequently fall behind the infield but in front of the outfielders, prompting the creation of the position of shortstop. In response, players immediately understood that if they had an extra infielder between second and third base, they would be able to catch more balls and force fewer errors. Honus Wagner was the first well-known shortstop in baseball history. Wagner began playing baseball in 1897 and continued to do so until 1917, primarily with the Pittsburgh Pirates.

For a long period, the situation remained unchanged.

Shortstops’ fielding abilities used to be more significant, but lately hitting has become an essential aspect of their overall performance.

Shortstop Statistics

Shortstops do not have any unique statistics that may be used to evaluate them. However, the numbers that are relevant fluctuate with time.

The importance of errors to shortstops, for example, may be greater than that of other positions since shortstops field more balls than other positions. Baseball, on the other hand, has a plethora of various statistics. Some of these statistics are as follows:

  • Batting average (AVG)
  • Hits (H)
  • Runs batted in (RBI)
  • On base percentage (OBP)
  • And other statistics. WAR stands for wins above replacement.

Shortstop Strategy

The fundamental shortstop approach is the same as the fundamental shortstop strategy at every other position: field the ball if it is hit close by. Nowadays, strategy encompasses a broader range of activities. The shift and covering second base are the two major methods that shortstops must take into mind when playing the position. The Shift in Perspective Shortstops are often left alone on the left side of the field as a result of the shift, forcing them to cover additional area. Additionally, shortstops may be required to play near third base in order to prepare for a potential bunt in particular situations.

The shortstops and second basemen communicate on who will cover second base in a given situation.

This reduces the number of hit-and-run possibilities to the greatest extent feasible.

Shortstop Skills and Techniques

A shortstop is required to have a wide range of abilities. Most of them are the same as those required by other fielders, but there are a few that shortstops require more than others. The five tools are commonly used to refer to the most important abilities.

  1. Speed, power, hitting for average, fielding, and arm strength are all important.

Shortstops require higher arm strength than second or first basemen, and they must be excellent fielders in order to succeed.

Hall of Fame Shortstops

Shortstops are tied for the most inductions into the Hall of Fame among position players, with a total of 26 inductions. There are some great shortstops in baseball history who have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, as seen in the following list. Honus Wagner is a member of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Luke Appling is a member of the Chicago White Sox. Ernie Banks is the owner of the Chicago Cubs.

Honus Wagner Pittsburgh Pirates
Luke Appling Chicago White Sox
Ernie Banks Chicago Cubs
Ozzie Smith St. Louis Cardinals
Cal Ripken jr. Baltimore Orioles
Derek Jeter New York Yankees

Top MLB Shortstops

Shortstops are tied for the most inductions into the Hall of Fame among position players, with 26 being inducted. There are several great shortstops in baseball history who have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, as seen in the following list: The Pittsburgh Pirates are led by Honus Wagner. Chicago White Sox pitcher Luke Appling In the case of the Chicago Cubs, Ernie Banks is the manager.

Trevor Story Colorado Rockies
Andrelton Simmons Los Angeles Angels
Gleyber Torres New York Yankees
Javier Baez Chicago Cubs
Fernando Tatis Jr. San Diego Padres
Francisco Lindor New York Mets


With 26 inductions into the Hall of Fame, shortstops are tied for the most among position players. The following is a list of some of the most well-known shortstops in baseball history who were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Honus Wagner plays for the Pittsburgh Pirates. Luke Appling plays for the Chicago White Sox. Ernie Banks is a former Chicago Cubs player.

What does a shortstop do in baseball?

The primary responsibility of a shortstop is to field ground balls in their immediate vicinity. Besides that, they cover second base, receive relay throws from the outfield to second base or even home plate, and supervise the infield.

What are the types of shortstops in baseball?

Shortstops are classified into three categories: defensive shortstops, offensive shortstops, and all-around shortstops.

Shortstops are ranked according to their skill level, which includes their ability to field, hit, or do a combination of the two.

Baseball Positions by Number

Which numbers correspond to which locations on the x-axis? What do the numbers preceding a double or triple play mean? What is a 6-4-3 double play, and how does it work? Alternatively, what does the “3-4 hole” relate to? On a baseball field, there are nine positions that are designated by numbers. For the most part, while maintaining a scorecard, numbers are utilized instead of writing down the player’s or the position’s name. The following is a list of baseball positions organized by number: Pitcher, to begin with (P) Caught in the act of catching (C) 3.

  1. Second Base (also known as second baseman) (2B) 5.
  2. Infielder/shortstop (SS) 7th Baseman (Left Field) (LF) 8.
  3. It has taken me by surprise to discover how many charts in so-called baseball reference books get this incorrect.
  4. This seemed like a typo at first, but the error was repeated throughout the whole book, which led me to believe it wasn’t.
  5. With the baseball position chart shown above, I want to put any uncertainties to rest.
  6. Every video, article, and post on this site was authored by a professional player, coach, trainer, or scout who has a background in the sports industry.
  7. Visit have your swing examined for more information on getting your child a one-on-one criticism and session with a professional.

What to Read Next:

  • All baseball training is provided at no cost. The minor leagues are what they sound like. Baseball Frequently Asked Questions
  • Best Infield Gloves Metal Bats: A Buyer’s Guide There are seven characteristics that all good hitters have
  • Gloves are sized according to their position. Training aids and personal protective equipment

Questions? Feel free to leave a comment, and we’ll try to get you an answer ASAP

Doug Bernier, the founder of Pro Baseball Insider.com, made his Major League debut with the Colorado Rockies in 2008 and has since played for five different organizations (the Colorado Rockies, the New York Yankees, the Pittsburgh Pirates, the Minnesota Twins, and the Texas Rangers) over the course of his 16-year professional baseball career. He has experience at every infield position in the Major Leagues and has played every position on the field professionally, with the exception of catcher.

Doug departed from professional baseball after 16 years and went on to work as a Major League scout for the Colorado Rockies for two years after his retirement.

Shortstop Situational and Positioning Depths

The depth to which you may play particular batters is determined by the inning, the score, how quick a runner is, and where the runners are on the bases at the time of the decision. When you’re at these depths, give everything you’ve got to these depths. If you’re on the defensive, don’t be concerned if the hitter bunts.

If you are in the game, it is OK if he gets a ground ball by you. Keep in mind that you are frequently dealing with percentages, and that sometimes they do not work out. However, avoid being in the middle since it is when we make mistakes.

Summary: Basic Situational Positioning for Shortstop.

Infield Positioning in Relation to the Situation

Bases Empty:
  • If there are less than two outs, use Double Play Depth (position 2). If there are two outs, the depth placement will be reset to the regular position.
Runners at 1st And 3rd Base:
  • If there are less than two outs, use Double Play Depth (position 2). If we have a depth position 3 available, we may also use it. The rationale for this is because we can turn a double play on a hard struck ball. We get the out at home on a ground ball that is hit more slowly. If there are two outs, the depth placement will be reset to the regular position.
Runner At 1st And 2nd Base:
  • If there are less than two outs, use Double Play Depth (position 2). If there are two outs, the depth placement will be reset to the regular position.
Bases Loaded:
  • Depending on the scenario, positions 2, 3, or 4 are appropriate. Keep an eye out for the manager’s phone call
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Normal Depth

You are attempting to win by the percentages. More time to respond is gained by starting from a distant position in the game. It becomes more difficult for the hitter to knock a ground ball through the infield as your range improves as the game progresses. However, as a result, the throw to first base will be longer, and the game will take longer to complete. Based on criteria such as the speed of the runner, the power of your arm, your degree of comfort on the field, and the hitter’s habits, you may want to make a minor adjustment, moving slightly forward or back.

The Situation.

When you are setting up for a play at first base, or when the bases are completely empty. The standard position will be maintained whenever there are two outs.

The Setup.

I normally gauge this by how far away the outfield grass is from the infield grass. The further back you can position yourself, the greater your range and the greater the number of balls you can reach. The depth of your throw across the infield is determined by how comfortable you are with your toss. The further you are from first base, the longer the throw will be. This may be anywhere between 5 and 15 feet in front of the outfield grass, and the distance can be varied depending on the pace of the runners and the strength of your arm.

Double play depth

It’s a double-header.

The Situation.

When there are less than two outs and first base is occupied, it is reasonable to expect to play at double play depth. This includes situations where there are runners at first and second, as well as bases loaded.

The Setup.

The depth of a double play varies somewhat for each shortstop and is influenced by how quick or slow the runners are, as well as how fast the field is playing. My regular position is roughly 3 steps closer to the hitter, and I will take 3 steps closer to the second base bag from where I am currently standing. Depending on whether a right-handed or left-handed batter is hitting and what their tendencies are, I will adjust my positioning somewhat. The number one goal is that you are able to get to the second base bag as quickly as possible when a ball is hit to the pitcher or second baseman, without them having to wait for you.

Apart from that, the majority of pitchers I’ve faced have been attempting to get the batters to hit a ground ball up the middle into our placement, so they’d want you to get to the balls up the middle more frequently than the balls in the hole.

Shortstop positioning for fast runners

Don’t let a quick runner have the better of the play.

The Situation.

You’re aware that the batter or baserunners are quick.

The Setup.

Knowing how fast the batter or base runners are helps you prepare for the game.

Infield In

  • Runner on third base with less than two outs (If there are two outs, play at regular depth and try to get the runner out at first base.)
  • Runner on third base with less than two outs When you simply cannot allow the runner to cross the plate from third base
The Setup.
  • This is the position in which your starting point will be the location where the infield grass and the infield dirt meet. (See figure 4 in the picture below.) This distance can be adjusted somewhat, generally dependent on the speed of the runners
  • Nonetheless, it should not be exceeded.

In the end, the decision on whether or not to participate is made by the manager or coach, so pay attention to the signal in these cases. Occasionally, particularly early in games, the manager will elect to let the runner to score rather than taking the guaranteed out.

However, if it is in the middle to late stages of the game, and especially if the score is tight, you may anticipate the coach to bring the infield closer together. See figure 4 in the diagram below.

A Variation to Infield In: Half-way Depth.

It’s possible that you’ll want to keep more alternatives available to yourself in some instances than playing deep into the game permits. In this setting, you will be on the baseline, which is a few steps away from the infield grass, which is a difference from the previous one. If there is a sluggish runner in third place, you will have more time and will be able to catch up. Also, if there are runners on first and third and you want to maintain the option of turning a double play open, you should use this strategy.

If you don’t hit it hard enough, you’ll receive the out at your place of residence.

No Doubles.

With this location, we are ensuring that if we give up a hit, they will only receive a single and will not be able to stretch it out to become a two-hit shutout victory.

The Situation.

With this positioning, we are ensuring that if we give up a hit, they will only receive a single and will not be able to stretch it out to become a two-hit shutout.

The Setup.

A normal depth of 5 to 6 feet is used by the corner infielders, while the foul line is kept closer to their bodies. In addition, the outfield is playing from a farther distance. This implies that the shortstop and second baseman will have to cover extra ground in the event of a fly ball.

Note: Sometimes Depths are classified by numbers:
  1. Standard depth
  2. Double play depth
  3. Half-way depth
  4. Infield in
  5. Infield out

Infield Positioning in Relation to the Situation

What to Read Next: More articles on shortstop positioning.

  • Fundamentals of the Cut-off for Infielders. Using an outfielder’s throw as a cutoff man, this article describes how to get into the best position possible, as well as how to execute the relay throw as quickly and precisely as possible. Bunt plays are covered in detail in Shortstop Positioning, Part 2. Positioning of the short stop for conventional and wheel bunt plays
  • The Positioning of Relays: Part 1, Cut-offs and Relays. What is my responsibility on throws from the outfield to home plate as the shortstop? The second part of the Relay Positioning series is entitled Double Cuts and Relays. What is my responsibility as the shortstop in various relay situations
  • Priorities will appear in a pop-up window. This article and diagram demonstrate what region you are expected to cover when a fly ball is hit, who you have priority over if more than one player is attempting to make the play, and what to do in the event of a potential collision. Drills for Hitting– A new book, Baseball Hitting Drills for a Batting Tee, has been released.

Why Shortstop Is the Most Important Position for Building a Successful Team

Derek Jeter embodies everything a shortstop should want to achieve. Photograph by Nick Laham/Getty Images One of the most widely held beliefs about baseball teams is that they are most successful when they have a solid core in the center. The best pitchers and catchers in baseball, as well as the best second basemen and shortstops and the best center fielders, are required to win games. If you go around asking enough baseball fans which position is the most important of the four, my prediction is that a substantial number of them will say the catcher is the most essential position.


It was reportedly remarked by Durocher, according to Baseball-Almanac.com, “Nobody ever won a pennant without having a terrific shortstop.” He would have recognized what I was talking about.

Later on, he would have the privilege of working with the legendary Ernie Banks.

Take a look at what has happened recently.

Photograph by Doug Pensinger/Getty Images In the National League, the Colorado Rockies, led by shortstop Troy Tulowitzki, won their first National League pennant in the organization’s history, claiming the title.

The Boston Red Sox, who had Julio Lugo at shortstop, won the American League pennant and the World Series in the American League.

In the field, he had a down year, yet he had significantly more defensive runs saved than Derek Jeter, who had won a Gold Glove the year before.

He had won the National League MVP award the year before, and he batted.277 with 47 stolen bases in his last season.

Jason Bartlett played shortstop for the Tampa Bay Rays, who won the American League pennant in his first season.

In the American League Championship Series against the Red Sox, he blasted a massive home shot.

Photograph by Drew Hallowell/Getty Images With Rollins at shortstop, the Phillies won the National League pennant for the second time in three years.

When Derek Jeter was playing shortstop for the New York Yankees, they won the American League pennant.

His fifth title ring was awarded to him as a result of the Yankees’ ultimate World Series triumph.

A couple of home runs helped him to an MVP award in the World Series, as he hit.412 with a pair of home runs.

Even though he didn’t bat much and his fielding ability had actually worsened the year before, he made up for it by hitting.333 in both the Division Series and the American League Championship Series that year.

Louis Cardinals acquired Rafael Furcal, who turned out to be a far more effective player for them than he had been for the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Andrus hit.279 with five home runs and 37 stolen bases this time around, and he had a 7.0 UZR in the field to go along with it.

Consequently, as far as recent history is concerned, Durocher’s statements are spot on.

So, what precisely is it about shortstops that makes them so damned important?

Athleticism and baseball intelligence are essential qualifications for dealing with them, which is precisely why shortstops appear to be capable of more than other players in terms of performance.

In the field, a team’s shortstop must be the most versatile defender on the field.

Although shortstops may not have the same range as other infielders, they do have to deal with more difficult situations that other infielders do not have to deal with.

It’s not impossible.

Photograph by Steve Ruark for Getty Images Take a moment to recall your days of playing little league.

Shortstops were not always required to grip a baseball bat as proficiently.

That isn’t the case any longer.

As a result, somewhere along the line, shortstops progressed from being simply excellent fielders to being excellent hitters as well.

A flawless shortstop, Alex Rodriguez was the closest thing baseball has ever seen to being a perfect shortstop.

for Getty Images If there is such a thing as a perfect shortstop, it is a guy that has a great deal of range, soft hands, and a strong arm that he can utilize to his advantage on the field.

Immediately upon entering the basepaths, the ideal shortstop will demonstrate his speed.

Shortstops are more likely than any other position to be all-around players, but no other position generates as many all-around players as the shortstop position.

What is undeniable is that teams will always be on the hunt for a good shortstop, and prospects who appear to be great shortstops in the making are more likely to stick out.

There are two main reasons why the young ones make their way into the limelight.

And two, since the finest shortstops do, in fact, have a tendency to contribute to their teams’ victories in baseball games. It’s just one more thing they can do on top of everything else they’re already doing.

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