How Many Types Of Pitches Are There In Baseball

11 Types of Baseball Pitches (and How to Throw Them)

Being a good baseball pitcher entails more than simply standing on the mound and throwing the ball as hard as you can towards the other team. As any baseball player is well aware, a pitcher’s ability to throw both hard (in most situations) and precise baseball pitches is essential in the sport. A pitcher may choose to throw a pitch inside, outside, high, or low depending on the scenario of the game. Being ability to place pitches exactly where he wants them is essential for a successful pitcher.

Pitchers must be able to learn and master a variety of different pitches.

Softer throws with specific breaks are another.

Having the ability to alter up your pitches as a pitcher will help you to keep batters off balance, which is essential if you want to induce swing-and-misses or merely mild contact from hitters.

11 Baseball Pitches

A fastball is the most direct of all the pitches in the baseball game. Toward the plate, it’s hurled with force and precision. It is the first pitch that all pitchers must learn and perfect before they can go to learning and mastering other baseball pitches. Fastballs can be divided into two categories: 1. Afour -seam fastball with a change of pace 2. A two-seam fastball with two seams The former is frequently thrown with greater force, but the latter has significantly more movement and is frequently simpler to manage.

  1. In order to throw a four-seamer, you must place your index and middle fingers across the seams on the ball at the point where they join together to make a horseshoe shape.
  2. It is just the location of your index and middle fingers that changes when you switch to a two-seamer style of fishing.
  3. Instead of crossing the seams with your fingertips, you should follow them.
  4. Allow the ball to come out of your hands in a straight line, with the ball rolling from the base of your fingers to the tips of your fingers.

2. The Changeup

The changeup is the second baseball pitch that most people learn to throw after the fastball. Its purpose is to deceive batters into believing you are throwing a fastball when in fact you are not. This pitch, on the other hand, will be delivered considerably more slowly than a fastball and will have far more movement. The three-finger changeup is the most prevalent manner to throw a changeup in the game of baseball. To hold this pitch, place your ring, middle, and index fingers on the top of the ball, centered on the ball’s surface.

  1. When throwing a changeup, the ball should sit back in the palm of your hand, as opposed to when throwing a fastball.
  2. This pitch should be thrown in the same manner as a fastball.
  3. The way you hold the baseball will have an effect on how quickly it will naturally slow down.
  4. To do this, place your middle, ring, and pinkie fingers on the top of the ball, centered on them.
  5. Then, bend your index finger down such that it reaches the knuckle of your thumb, forming a circle with your thumb.
  6. In order to make this pitch, you need place the ball all the way in the rear of your hand.

Once you’ve done that, wrap your four fingers around the ball, placing your ring and index fingers on either side of the ball and your thumb squarely below the ball. To read the rest of my piece on throwing the “Changeup,” please visit this link.

3. The Curveball

A curveball is the most straightforward breaking pitch. When compared to the fastball, it is the second most often used pitch in baseball. As it gets closer to the plate, this pitch will sink down and to the side a bit. Not only will it shatter, but it will also be significantly slower than a fastball. For a simple curveball, place your middle finger at the ball’s bottom seam and your thumb along the seam on the rear of the ball, as shown below. At this moment, it is OK to keep your index finger off the ball.

When you release the ball, it should snap out of your hand from top to bottom, as if it were a rubber band.

Be aware that the ball will end up where your index finger is pointing at any time.

A 12-6 curveball is as easy to throw as aiming a bit higher and snapping your fingers in a straight downward motion with your index and middle fingers.

4. The Slider

A slider may be a very effective breaking pitch when used properly. This baseball pitch, which is thrown harder and has a sharper break than a curveball, is one of the most difficult to learn to throw. To hold the pitch, start by pinching your index and middle fingers together tightly across one of the ball’s outside seams. Then, insert your thumb beneath the seam on the other side of the ball, toward the interior of the ball. As your thumb approaches those other two fingers, the pitch of your voice will begin to deteriorate.

Hold the ball in such a way that the pressure is applied to the side of your index finger that is closest to your thumb while you play.

Finally, swivel your wrist toward the thumb side of your throwing hand to guarantee that you can release the ball with good technique.

To read the rest of my post on throwing the “Slider,” please visit this link.

5. The Knuckleball

A knuckleball is one of the most surprising pitches in the game of baseball. The ball does not spin like other baseball pitches, but rather glides and advances toward the plate as it approaches the plate. Instead of using your fingers to hold the ball, you’ll be using your knuckles to do so with this pitch. Using your middle and pointer fingers, create an arch with your middle and pointer fingers. Then, tuck them beneath one of the ball’s horseshoe seams to complete the look. Dig your fingernails into the seam in the centre of the ball, and hold it securely in your hands.

If you want to play a three-finger knuckleball, simply place your ring finger on top of the ball.

When you play a four-finger knuckleball, your ring finger will come to the top of the ball, with your thumb supplying the necessary stabilizing force.

The ball should be released by pushing it out from your fingertips, rather than letting it glide off your fingers, when you are ready to release the ball. That is what will cause the ball to move in an unusual manner. To read the rest of my piece on tossing the “Knuckleball,” please visit this link.

6. The Sinker

A sinker may be a devastating “out” pitch, since it dives aggressively toward the earth at the last minute, causing the batter to lose his or her balance. This can result in a high number of swing-and-misses and light-hit groundballs. To hold it, wrap your index finger around the seam that is closest to your fingertip and pinch it together (right seam for right-handed pitchers, for example). Your middle finger should be pointed toward the center of the ball. Initially, it will be close to your index finger and will wrap around the ball.

It should be vertically aligned with the index finger of your right hand.

As you release your arm, raise it to a high position and then lower it.

This will cause it to experience a late downward motion.

7. The Screwball

A screwball is difficult to distinguish from other breaking pitches because it travels in the opposite direction to the plate. The ball will not be directed away from right-handed hitters, but rather toward them. Using the example of a right-handed pitcher throwing a curveball, a right-handed hitter will be able to avoid it. A screwball, on the other hand, will head straight towards them. To grab it, place your middle and pointer fingers on the top of the ball and squeeze them together. Your pointer should be pointing at the inside of the inner seam, and your middle finger should be about an inch away from it.

As you deliver the message, draw your arm down in an arching motion while keeping it snug to your side.

When you’re right-handed, keep your knuckles pointing inside toward your body, and spin your wrist counterclockwise if you’re left-handed.

8. The Forkball

An example of this would be the forkball, which is identical to a four-finger fastball except that it is pitched slower and with a stronger downward spin. As a result, it is a very destructive pitch. It is, however, a difficult skill to perfect. Start with a two-seam fastball grip to get a feel for it. Then, expand your index and middle fingers as wide as you possibly can. When you’re finished, make sure that both of these fingers are outside of the seams. The inside of these fingers should be pressed against the outer seam of the ball on their side of the ball.

After then, keep your hold on the ball tight.

The ball should be firmly squeezed between your index and middle fingers on the back of your hand.

You should snap your wrist down as the ball exits your hand when you are ready to release. This will cause it to take a severe tumble down. It will give the ball the required topspin to make it spin. To read the rest of my piece on tossing the “Forkball,” click here.

9. The Slurve

A slurve is a mix of a slider and a curveball in a single pitch. It has some of the same motion as the other two pitches and has gained in popularity in recent years due to this. If you want to grab the ball, place your middle finger on the ball first, along its right seam. Then, place your index finger immediately next to it, making sure that the two fingers are touching one another. Your other two fingers should be bent and placed on the side of the ball as well. However, you should avoid putting too much pressure on the ball when dealing with them.

  • Your thumb should be straight, not bent, when you are writing.
  • The palm of your hand should be facing home plate just before you release it.
  • When you release the ball, snap your wrist to produce a downward break on the ball with your hands.
  • To read the rest of my piece on throwing the “Slurve,” please visit this link.

10. The Cutter

Cutter fastballs, sometimes known as cut-fastballs, are a little modification on the regular fastball. This pitch looks very much like a curveball, but it doesn’t have the same dramatic break as a curveball. In addition, the movement of a cutter is substantially later than that of a curveball. Consequently, it is a good pitch to include in your arsenal. The cutter should be gripped in the same way as a two-seam fastball would be. The other three fingers are used to make the necessary adjustments.

  • Choose a position that is most comfortable for you at this time.
  • Your thumb should be about in the 4:00 or 5:00 position when you’re reading this.
  • Then, by applying more pressure to the ball with your middle finger, you’ll be able to “lead.” Throw the cutter in the same manner as you would a fastball.
  • However, if you make a point of maintaining extra pressure on that middle finger, it will result in the late movement you desire.

11. The Splitter

A splitter, often known as a split-finger fastball, is a pitch that many hard-throwing pitchers employ as a “out” pitch. As soon as the ball hits the plate, it essentially “drops off the table,” as the saying goes. It begins off looking like a fastball, but if thrown properly, it will end up towards the bottom of the plate. To begin, begin your grip in the same manner as you would for a fastball. Then, using your middle and pointer fingers, break the seam of the ball in half. Each finger should be resting on top of the seam on the outside edge of the ball, as shown in the illustration.

Using this method, you will be able to generate the necessary topspin to throw splitters instead of fastballs.

In order to deliver your pitch effectively, keep your elbow high and over your shoulder.

If you release the pitch too soon, it will rise to an unacceptably high level. If you release your product too late, it will fall well short of the mark. To read the rest of my post on throwing the “Splitter,” click here.

Types of Pitches in Baseball

What exactly is a sinker? What is a knuckle ball, and how does it work? What is the best way to recognize and hit a cut fastball? What is the speed of each sort of pitch? What is the appearance of the pitch grips? Fastball pitch grip with two seams Those and other concerns are addressed in this overview of the many varieties of baseball pitches available. Additionally, Yankee pitchers Kevin Whelan and DJ Mitchell show the right grip on the baseball for a variety of different pitching situations.

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When you are the hitter, understanding the different types of pitches and how to detect them when they are thrown can help you make more consistent contact with the baseball.

Understanding what each pitch does

Cut the fastball grip in half.

4-seam fastball
  • When thrown backwards, this pitch is the most difficult of the fastball varieties
  • It keeps the ball straight and with little movement.
2-seam fastball (sinker)
  • In essence, the 2-seamer, often known as the sinker, is a fastball that is grasped in a different way than the 4-seamer. 1-3 mph slower than a 4-seamer
  • This pitch moves arm side of the pitcher and down
  • This movement is a consequence of the seams catching the air in a way that drives the ball down and in to righties from a right handed pitcher
  • This pitch is held with the seams rather than across

Grip with a slider

2-seam fastball (runs)
  • However, while this is the same pitch as the sinker, some pitchers have difficulty getting the ball to dive towards the ground. As long as there isn’t any depth to the ball and it doesn’t travel to the pitcher’s arm side (inside to a righty from a right handed pitcher), the ball runs
  • It is 1-3 mph slower than the 4-seam fastball.
Cut fastball
  • While still in the fastball family, this pitch goes in the opposite direction of the 2-seamer
  • As it comes out of the hand, it looks a little like a slider from a cement mixer. Because there is no red dot in the middle of the baseball when throwing spin that is looser than a slider, it might be difficult to pick up the rotation early while throwing spin. It performs a similar function as the slider, but with less movement. In addition, it has more velocity than the slider (albeit it is 5-8 mph slower than the 4-seamer)
  • Yet, it only moves a few inches to the pitcher’s glove side and does not normally have much depth.

Curveball grip with the knuckles


  • This fastball glides at an angle to the pitcher’s glove side and has a lot of depth to it. When compared to the 4-seam fastball, it is typically 9-12 mph slower. In order to assist you recognize the slider, you will observe tight spin with a red dot (seams converging and spinning) on the screen. Typically, it has a break of 3-6 inches in length
  • This slider has a great amount more depth than the slider. It is customary to take a 12-hour break (as if staring at a clock)
  • There is no spin on the ball, and it will appear to have a hump coming out of the pitcher’s hand
  • However, this is not the case.

Grip changeup in a circle

  • The sole difference between a knuckle curve ball and a standard curve ball is the grip. A knuckle curve ball travels at a slower speed than a fastball, usually at least 15 mph slower. There are times when a pitcher will throw it harder, but it will always be less hard than the slider. Check out these advice from Garrett Richards on how to throw a curveball
  • And
  • A combination of the slider and the curve ball Although it is often large and loopy in appearance, its break angle is more of a 10-4 or 11-5 if viewed from a clock perspective, hurled by a right hander
  • The slider speed is more similar to the curveball speed than the slider speed
  • The slurve is more prevalent than a real curveball
  • Yet, it is not as effective.

Change alter your gripping style.

  • Has the same amount of spin as a fastball, according to the rules. The slowball is 8-15 mph slower than the fastball. Depending on the pitcher, some will throw a change-up with a little depth, while others will simply float it in there and rely on the change in speed and the same spin to be successful
Split finger
  • It can be thrown strongly or softly to mimic the action of a change-up. The action is the same regardless of the velocity at which it is thrown
  • An interesting movement with the baseball may be observed out of the pitcher’s hand as it sliding downhill. It starts in the zone and dives straight into the ground
  • This pitch has late down action, which makes it a pitch to avoid throwing in the field. The majority of the time, it is not thrown for a strike. It is mostly employed as a strikeout pitch.

Split finger fastball grip is a type of fastball grip.

Knuckle ball
  • When delivered slowly and consistently, the ball enters the strike zone with little spin, making it a useful pitch virtually every time. This will cause the ball to flutter, causing it to travel in unpredictable ways, making it difficult to hit and catch on the pitch. A popular saying when it comes to hitting a knuckle ball is, “If the ball is in the air, let it fly
  • If it is on the ground, let it go.”

If you found this quick explanation of several distinct sorts of pitches to be helpful, please let me know. I encourage you to ask questions or provide comments by leaving a comment below. Play with gusto! — Doug et al.

Read more about hitting fundamentals

  • Baseball batting stances
  • Situational hitting
  • The seven absolutes of baseball pitching
  • The best wood baseball bats

Back toAll Baseball Instruction

Doug Bernier, the founder of Pro Baseball, made his Major League debut with the Colorado Rockies in 2008 and has since played for five different organizations (the Colorado Rockies, the New York Yankees, the Pittsburgh Pirates, the Minnesota Twins, and the Texas Rangers) over the course of his 16-year professional baseball career. He has experience at every infield position in the Major Leagues and has played every position on the field professionally, with the exception of catcher.

Doug departed from professional baseball after 16 years and went on to work as a Major League scout for the Colorado Rockies for two years after his retirement.

Baseball pitches illustrated

Baseball is one of my favorite sports. I’ve seen my fair share of broadcast games and been to a couple of live games. Even after all of this, I was still unsure of the difference between the different pitches. I was aware that a curveball was a downward-breaking pitch, but what precisely was a circle changeup? This information was gathered via reading baseball books and conducting web research to create the graphics shown below. This is not an exhaustive list of resources. I’ve selected twelve of the more common pitches, and they are:

  • Fastballs: four-seam, two-seam, Cutter, Splitter, and Forkball
  • Curveballs: four-seam, two-seam, Cutter, Splitter, and Forkball Breaking Balls: Curveball, Slider, Slurve, and Screwball are some of the most common. Changeups include the Changeup, the Palmball, and the Circle Changeup.

Learning to identify pitches

Although the amount of pitches may appear to be a daunting task to keep track of, bear in mind that each pitcher only employs a subset of these pitches.

Pedro Martinez, for example, throws a curveball, a circle-changeup, an occasional slider, and a fastball in his repertoire. Before the game, do some preliminary study on the pitcher. Things to look out for that will assist you in identifying a pitch include:

  • The ball’s speed and movement, as well as the overall direction in which it is going. A break is a rapid change in direction

There are a few other characteristics that can aid in the identification of a pitch, including ball rotation, point of release, and grip. Although it may seem excessive to a casual fan, I do not draw or explain any of the last three topics in this section of the website.

Reading the diagrams

Take note of the ball’s speed, movement, and break as well as its break. Make no distinction between where the baseball is depicted in the strike zone and where it is actually located. In addition to fastballs in the middle of the strike zone, you may throw fastballs high and away from the hitter as shown in the illustration. It’s still a fastball, mind you. The pitch is not determined by the location.

Four-seam Fastball

The straightest and fastest pitch. There has been little to no movement.

Two-seam Fastball

A Sinker is another term for this type of person. Occasionally runs in on a right handed hitter as he moves downhill and depending on the release timing of the pitch (RHH).


As it approaches the plate, it begins to separate from a right handed batter (RHH). A combination of a slider and a fastball. A fastball is faster than a slider, yet it has more movement than a slider.


Before reaching the plate, the vehicle has an unexpected breakdown.


Similar to asplitter, but with a more steady, less violent downward movement.


A 12-6 curveball is a type of pitch that is commonly used. The number 12-6 relates to the movement from top to bottom (picture a clock with hands at 12 and 6).


Breaks down and gets away from the aRHH situation. In the middle of a fastball and a curve.


11-5 movement is the order of the day. A curve with more lateral mobility is similar to a spline.


Movement from 1-7. The polar opposite of theslurve.


It is thrown more slowly than a fastball, yet it has the same arm action as a fastball.


The ball is securely grasped in the palm of the hand. This pitch is similar to a changeup in that it is slower than a fastball, but it is delivered with the same arm action.

Circle Changeup

The screwball is a changeup with a 1-7 moment like the screwball.

PDF Download

Each of the twelve pitch diagrams, with the exception of the text comments, is combined onto a single page PDF.

What Are the Different Types of Pitches in Baseball?

A superb beginning pitcher can throw anywhere from four to five pitches anywhere in the zone for strikes in a single inning, depending on the situation. One of these might be his designated strikeout pitch, which he throws early in the count when he’s got the hitter in trouble. A great pitcher may just employ one pitch, like in the case of Hall of Famer Mariano Rivera, who relied on his cutter, but they may easily expand their repertoire to include two or even three pitches in which they are confidence.

In the sections that follow, we’ll go through some of the most typical sorts of pitches that you’ll see during a baseball game.


In baseball, there are several different sorts of pitches.

Even while some may be flat and firm, while others may travel in either direction toward or away from the batter, all of them have one thing in common: they are all thrown with force.

The Four-Seam Fastball

The four-seam fastball is the one that we all know how to throw simply by scooping up the ball, grasping it as if it were a position player, and throwing it over home plate with both hands. In fact, almost every pitcher will and does throw this pitch at some point. It is possible for this fastball to travel at speeds exceeding 100 miles per hour depending on the pitcher!

The Two-Seam Fastball

A two-seam fastball is a pitch that moves from left to right, or vice versa, in the strike zone. Pitchers are more effective in one way than the other while throwing a pitched ball. This pitch is thrown after the pitcher has located the spot on the ball where the seams are the closest together and has placed his index and middle fingers together, in between the seams, to throw it. Then, using one of your fingers, press down firmly against the ball. This will serve as a guide for the ball’s break.

The Cutter

When compared to the regular two-seam fastball, the cutter or cut fastball is more difficult to throw, but it is well worth the effort for those who can master it. A cutter goes from the centre or heart of the plate to the right side of the batter’s hands, where he makes contact with him. On the Major League level, this pitch is thrown in the high 80’s to mid 90’s and will result in a large number of shattered bats being thrown.

Off-Speed Pitches

Take a little bit away from the ball, and you’ll find that your pitches have more rotation and movement. When you give up speed, you gain movement, and it is via movement that off-speed pitches accomplish their goals. These are often thrown to throw off the batter’s concentration.

The Curveball

The Curveball is the most commonly used breaking ball or off-speed pitch in the game of baseball. Curveballs are classified into two categories: the regular 12-6 overhand curveball and the large, sweeping curveball that cuts down and away from the throwing arm. Both of these curveballs are delivered with the index and middle fingers of your right hand along the seam of the baseball. In order to generate the breaking action when releasing the pitch, you must snap your wrist straight down.

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The Slider

Because of the abrupt break that happens during the delivery, the slider is a favorite “put away” pitch in the baseball world. A slider is gripped in a similar manner as a curveball, with the same fingers running down the seam as with the curveball. The difference between the two pitches is that when the pitcher launches an attempted slider, you should snap your wrist across rather than down. This causes the ball to rotate abruptly down and across the pitcher’s body, causing him to lose his grip on the ball.

The Changeup

The changeup is the second most commonly used breaking ball or off-speed pitch in baseball after the fastball. A changeup is thrown out of the pitcher’s hand in the same manner as a fastball, but it is significantly slower and has a little amount of movement down in the strike zone as opposed to the fastball. A fastball and a changeup from the same pitcher can have a velocity differential of ten to fifteen miles per hour at the major league level, depending on the player’s experience.

A changeup is thrown when a pitcher inserts three fingers at the very top of the ball and throws it. The pitch is thrown with a similar release to a fastball, using the index, middle, and ring fingers, with the index and ring fingers running along the seams and the middle finger in between them.

The Circle Changeup

The circle changeup is a more difficult variation of a changeup to throw, but it has more movement than the other versions. The pitcher must first make the “ok” sign with his or her throwing hand before placing the ball across his or her middle, ring, and pinky fingers to throw a circle changeup. Those three fingers are placed in the same manner in which the changeup is tossed. With movement down and in to a right-handed batter, the circle changeup will roll off the three smaller fingers and generate more rotation and less speed naturally, with more rotation and less speed naturally.

Pitch (baseball) – Wikipedia

This page redirects to “baseball pitch.” Baseball field is the term used to refer to the surface on which baseball is played. A pitcher’s normal motion is seen here. Techniques for pitching are demonstrated. Pitching is the act of tossing a baseball toward home plate in order to initiate a play in baseball. The word originates from the Knickerbocker Rules of etiquette. Originally, the ball had to be “pitched” underhand, much like with pitchinghorseshoes, in order to be played. Overhand throwing was not permitted until the year 1884.

  1. Among the phases of throwing are windup, early cocking, late cocking, early acceleration, late acceleration, deceleration, and follow-through, to name a few examples.
  2. The Michael T.
  3. Thrown by the pitcher are a range of pitches, each of which having a little variation in velocity, trajectory and movement as well as hand position, wrist position, and/or arm angle (see Figure 1).
  4. The pitcher manipulates the grip on the ball at the instant of release in order to create diversity and, as a result, to improve defensive baseball strategy and effectiveness.
  5. The choice of which pitch to utilize may be influenced by a broad range of circumstances, including the kind of batter who is being faced, whether or not there are any base runners on base, how many outs have been recorded in the inning, and the current score of the game.


It is customary for the catcher to pick the type of pitch to be delivered to the pitcher by using their fingers, often one finger for a fastball or the pitcher’s best pitch, with the pitcher having the option to request a different pitch by shaking his head, as seen in the image below.

If the manager or coach prefers, he or she can communicate the pitch selection to the catcher by secret hand signals, preventing the opposition side from gaining an unfair edge by knowing what the next pitch would be like.


When it comes to baseball, the fastball is the most often used pitch, and nearly all pitchers have some variation of it in their repertoire. The majority of pitchers use four-seam fastballs. It is, in essence, a pitch that is thrown very quickly and as forcefully as a pitcher is capable of throwing while keeping control. There are several varieties, some of which incorporate movement or breaking motion, while others which do not and are just straight, high-speed pitches Having perfect mechanics when throwing the fastball is critical because it increases the likelihood of getting the ball to travel at its maximum velocity, making it more difficult for the opposing player to hit the pitch.

Because of their trajectories, these fastballs are frequently referred to as sinking fastballs.

  • Cutter, four-seam fastball, sinker, split-finger fastball, two-seam fastball are various types of pitches.

Breaking balls

A popular way to hold a slider Breaking balls that are thrown well have movement, which is typically sideways or downward. Due to variations in the pressure of the air surrounding the ball caused by variations in the pitch thrown, a ball appears to “move” when it is hit. As a result, the ball continues to “move” in the direction of least resistance, which is continually changing. A correctly thrown slider (thrown by a right-handed pitcher) for example, causes reduced air pressure on the pitcher’s left side, resulting in the ball “sliding” to the left (as viewed from the pitcher’s standpoint).

The majority of breaking balls are classified as off-speed pitches.

  • A 12–6 curveball, a Curveball, a Knuckle curve, a Screwball, a Slider, a Slurve, and so on


With the changeup, pitchers may throw an off-speed pitch that looks like a fastball while coming at the plate at a significantly slower pace. Its slower delivery speed, along with its deceptive delivery, is intended to throw the batter’s timing off. It is intended to be thrown in the same manner as a fastball, with the exception that it is thrown further back in the hand, causing it to emerge from the hand more slowly while still maintaining the appearance of a fastball. A changeup is often thrown at a slower rate than a fastball, about 8–15 miles per hour slower.

Suppose a hitter swings at the ball as if it were a fastball traveling at 90 mph, while in fact the ball is traveling at 75 mph, resulting in him swinging too early to hit the ball properly, making the changeup extremely effective.

  • Changeups include the circle changeup, forkball, fosh, palmball, straight changeup, and Vulcan changeup.

Other pitches

Other pitches that are or have been used in baseball include the following:

Pitching deliveries

The three-quarters delivery is the most prevalent type of pitching technique used today. Other deliveries include submarines (underhand) and sidearms, to name a few of examples.

Furthermore, there is a crossfirepitching technique (also known as de facto delivery) that only works for sidearm delivery. A pickoff move is the action that a pitcher goes through when attempting to pick off a batter.

Pitching positions

There are two types of legal throwing stances available:

  • The windup
  • This section, which is also known as the “stretch”

A high leg kick is typically used by pitchers from the set; however, the slide step, which allows the ball to be released more rapidly, may be used instead.

See also

  • Strike on the first pitch
  • Bowling-pitching a cricket ball
  • First pitch strike
  • The sport of throwing (cricket), which is more akin to baseball pitching, is becoming increasingly popular.


  • Baseball pitches related images may be found on Wikimedia Commons.

Baseball Pitch Types

  • Knuckleballs, Knuckleballs, Sliders, and Splitters are all types of breaking balls. Changeups, Curveballs, Fastballs, Forkballs, Knuckleballs, Sliders, and Splitters are all types of breaking balls.

Breaking Balls

The term “breaking ball” in baseball refers to pitches that curve in the direction of the batter’s throwing motion while in flight. These pitches can have an arced path while in flight, go toward the ground, or curve to the left or right. This is done in order to deceive hitters. Curveballs, forkballs, splitters, sliders, and backdoor sliders are all examples of this sort of pitching. Breaking pitches (also known as breaking balls) are pitches that, in contrast to fastballs, “break” from a straight course through the air, causing the batter to strike out.

The objective of these devices is to deceive hitters.

Then, when it is too late for the hitter, the ball deviates from its intended path, resulting in the batter missing the baseball.

They also have lower velocity than fastballs, which is another advantage.

Types Of Breaking Balls

There are several different sorts of breaking pitches that we’ll cover:

  • Curveballs, forkballs, splitters, sliders, and backdoor sliders are all examples of this.


Changeups are pitches thrown by pitchers that are different in pace from their prior pitches, frequently slower than their previous pitches, but that have the look and course of a fastball, misleading the batter and causing him to mistime his swing. A changeup is a pitch that allows pitchers to alter the tempo of a pitch. Batter deception is not limited to just changing direction of a pitch in order for it to be effective. It is also possible to employ different or slower velocities to make pitches more difficult to hit; these sorts of pitches are referred to as off-speed pitches.

They have a similar appearance to a fastball in that they are thrown in the same manner and follow a straight course, but they are substantially slower than a fastball.

For batters, distinguishing between a fastball and a changeup may be difficult since they both follow the same route and the speed of the baseball cannot be assessed until the baseball is extremely close to the batter.

Due to the fact that changeups are far slower than fastballs, the swing would be too early, resulting in either missing the baseball altogether or hitting it very marginally with strength.


By examining the seams of the ball, batters can determine the sort of pitch that is being thrown by their opponent. Curveballs are a sort of breaking ball that has a forward spin and often breaks downhill, which means that they appear to be traveling in a straight line at first, but then quickly deviate to the left or right. Some pitchers, on the other hand, will add variations to this fundamental idea. In the Major Leagues, curveballs are somewhat slow, averaging 70-80 miles per hour in the Majors, but they contain a lot of movement when compared to other pitch types.


Fastballs are the most fundamental and most used type of pitch by pitchers. They are also the most effective. As the name implies, its primary characteristic is speed, and as a result, it follows a very straight course when compared to other pitch kinds. Typically, fastballs are the first pitch thrown by a pitcher to a hitter during any given at-bat. In order to evaluate the batter’s response time and identify the batter’s strike zone, the pitcher delivers a straight fastball in what he believes is the batter’s strike zone, but the umpire calls it a baseball, forcing the pitcher to change his pitching strategy for the remainder of the at-bat.

In order to determine the speed of pitch, a gadget known as a radar gun is used.


When it comes to baseball, a forkball is a sort of pitch that is comparable to a curveball but is more severe in nature. Forkballs are a type of curveball that breaks downhill, although its break is considerably more dramatic and abrupt than a conventional curveball. Because of the exhausting and even dangerous action required to throw them, they are an unusual sort of pitch. Forkballs are a sort of breaking pitch that is extremely unusual. When they break downhill, they behave similarly to a more severe sort of curveball, but their break is considerably more intense and quick.

This is one of the reasons why pitchers seldom (if ever) throw forkballs and why they are rarely (if ever) used in baseball.


In baseball, a splitter is a sort of breaking pitch that appears similar to a fastball but is slightly slower (typically between 80 and 90 miles per hour) and breaks downward immediately before reaching the batter’s box. Its purpose is to trick hitters into swinging at the wrong time. The splitter is a forkball variation that is far more prevalent than the forkball.

When compared to a fastball, they are somewhat slower, often averaging 80-90 mph, and they break downward immediately before reaching home plate. Their break, on the other hand, is not as dramatic or abrupt as that of a forkball, making them easier to throw and less prone to injuring players.


A slider is a sort of baseball pitch that features lateral (left/right) movement as well as breaking downhill as it is delivered. In comparison to a curveball, a fastball often has more velocity but less movement. Unlike curveballs, sliders have greater lateral (left/right) movement and faster velocity than curveballs. Sliders are similar to curveballs in that they tend to break downhill. Aside from that, they have a tendency to have less movement than curveballs, meaning that their deviation from a straight course is not as abrupt.

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Unlike regular breaking balls, backdoor breaking balls (sometimes known as backdoor sliders, although the word can refer to either curveballs or sliders) act in the other direction.

The hitter does not swing because he believes it is a ball.


Knuckleballs are extremely unusual pitches that present batters with a difficult task because to their unexpected speed and movement. Knuckleballs contain very little rotational spin, which causes them to travel erratically (because spin is what determines how fast and where a ball will go in a given direction). The movement of a knuckleball is extremely unpredictable and uncontrolled; it is governed by elements such as wind and air resistance, among others. Not only does the irregular movement of the knuckleball make it difficult for hitters to hit, but it also makes it difficult for catchers to catch and umpires to rule balls and strikes.

Rare Pitch Types

For the purposes of this article, “screwball” refers to a baseball pitch that travels in the opposite direction of a pitcher’s conventional curveball or slider. It is quite unusual to come across one.

Backdoor Sliders

When a backdoor slider is used in conjunction with a backdoor breaking ball, the batter will be fooled into believing the pitch is a ball. The pitch will go laterally out from the strike zone, before curving back into the strike zone at the last second for a strike.


A cutter is a type of pitch in baseball that appears similar to a fastball but breaks in the opposite direction of a fastball when it is thrown. In most cases, fastballs break to one side of the pitcher’s throwing arm side, whereas cutters break to one side of the pitcher’s throwing arm side, catching batters completely off surprise.


In baseball, a spitball is an old-fashioned method of getting the ball wet in order to throw off the hitter. This was accomplished by the pitcher spitting the ball in order to enhance its velocity.


An off-speed pitch or changeup is a type of pitch in baseball that is similar to a palmball in appearance.

Two-Seam Fastball

An infield two-seam fastball in baseball refers to a sort of fastball that is one of the most commonly used pitches in the game. It differs from the four-seam fastball in that it has a somewhat lower velocity and tends to break more than the latter.

Pitch Placement

When a pitcher delivers a ball that is in the insideout of the strike zone, this is referred as as an inner pitch in baseball. This is on the side of the zone that is closest to the batter’s position.

High Pitch

In baseball, a high pitch is defined as a pitch that is thrown well over the strike zone or above the catcher.

Low Pitch

When a pitcher delivers a ball that is low to the ground and close to the plate, this is referred to as a low pitch in baseball.

Pitching Grips (Cheat Sheet): How To Throw 8 Different Baseball Pitches

HomeArticles Gloves for Pitching Learn more about my pitchers’ exercise routines here. The proper method of developing functional strength should be used. Discover my pitching routines and throwing plans for athletes that are dedicated to their craft and refuse to accept defeat. More information may be found here. Before we go into the specifics of different baseball pitching grips, let’s get one thing out of the way first. Clayton Kershaw throws a curveball that is just crazy. Take a look at it right here: is the source of this image.

  1. You’d be hard pressed to come up with a better curveball in baseball than this one.
  2. It’s been mentioned many times before that hitting is all about timing.
  3. FREE MONTHLY NEWSLETTER Sign up for my daily pitching tips email newsletter to receive exclusive tips and insights that are not available anywhere else on the web.
  4. Several essential baseball grips involved with pitching are covered on this page, including how to pitch a fastball, how to pitch a changeup, and how to pitch a curveball.
  5. Let’s get this party started.

1. Four-seam fastball is the source of this image. According to MLB statistics, the four-seam fastball is the most frequently used pitch in baseball. Four-seamers account for 35.3 percent of all pitches thrown in the major leagues, and on average, they travel at a velocity of 92.9 miles per hour on the ground. So, who do you think has the greatest four-seam fastball in baseball at the moment? Madison Bumgarner gets my vote because she has the following qualities: is the source of this image.

The fact that he is not scared to throw the ball with two strikes distinguishes him from other pitchers.

He is particularly lethal while working high in the zone. According to one measure that I find very intriguing, known as True Average, Bumgarner’s fastball is the second-best in the league. In other words, MadBum achieves 100 mph outcomes with a heater that only operates at 92 mph.

2. Two-seam fastball is the source of this image. According to MLB statistics, the two-seam fastball or sinker is the second-most common pitch in the major leagues, accounting for 21.8 percent of all pitches thrown at an average speed of 91.7 mph. The two-seam fastball or sinker is thrown at an average speed of 91.7 mph. As their name implies, these pitches “sink,” meaning that they land lower in the strike zone than their four-seam counterparts do. So, who do you think has the greatest two-seam fastball in baseball at the moment?

If there is one reliever who has been dominant with only one pitch, it is Zach Britton.

3. Change up is the source of this image. According to MLB statistics, the changeup accounts for 9.5 percent of all pitches thrown in the majors and travels at an average speed of 83.6 miles per hour, demonstrating the opposite use trend as the slider does. It’s interesting to note that lefties seldom employ it against their own kind, but they do it frequently against righties. Likewise, right-handed pitchers employ it far more frequently against left-handed batters. Every time, an opposite-handed hitter faces a changeup, he or she is nearly four times as likely to see one than a same-handed batter is.

Which player now possesses the greatest changeup in the majors?

Hernandez threw the changeup more than any other starting pitcher in MLB, according to Baseball Prospectus.

The pitch is not only the greatest in its class, but it is also one of the top pitches in the whole game, according to many experts.

4. Curveball is the source of this image. According to Major League Baseball statistics, curveballs account for just 9.9 percent of all pitches thrown in the majors. They also provide an overall location signature that is comparable to the slider, but they do not produce variances that are nearly as extreme in terms of frequency or efficiency as the slider. The curveball is also the slowest pitch in Major League Baseball, clocking in at an average speed of around 78 mph. So, who has the best curveball in baseball right now, and how can you know?

According to the Washington Post, Betances’s curveball (orslurve) produced an incredible.075 batting average and.124 slugging percentage in 2014, by and away the greatest stats among pitchers who threw at least 300 curveballs throughout the season.

The fact that it is one of only two pitches thrown by the man is the most astounding of all.

With two strikes or a favorable count, there’s anything from a 62 to 70% chance that the curveball will be thrown, which is a very high percentage even for a relief pitcher. And, despite the fact that everyone knows it’s coming, it can’t be stopped from happening.

5. Slider is the source of this image. Sliders rank third among major league pitching statistics, and they are the most often used breaking ball. They account for 14.1 percent of all pitches thrown and travel at an average speed of 83.9 mph, according to MLB figures. When pitching against a batter who has the same dominant hand as the pitcher, pitchers are significantly more likely to employ the slider; the slider is often far more successful against a “same-handed” batter. And as pitchers become older, they want to be able to take advantage of any single benefit that comes their way.

My vote goes to Corey Kluber, who is as follows: is the source of this image.

This is the slider that will outperform all other sliders.

6. Splitter is the source of this image. Pitchers who are older and more experienced who want to add another nasty weapon to their arsenal to help them get more outs and win more games can consider using the split-finger fastball. Roger Clemens was a supreme master of the splitter during his career. So, who do you think has the best splitter in baseball at the moment? It is Joaquin Benoit who receives my vote: is the source of this image. With 41 strikeouts, one walk, and four singles in 68 at-bats, the splitter was a productive weapon in 2014.

That splitter nastiness is superior to that of any other pitcher in the game at this point in time.

7. Sinker is the source of this image. The sinker is simply a two-seam fastball (see my definition of the two seamer above), except that it dips or drops downward rather than running to the throwing hand side of the plate. Pitchers may get their two seamer to act more like a sinker or more like a regular two seam fastball depending on how much they pronate their wrist at the moment of release.

8. Cutter is the source of this image. Due to its ability to be thrown safely while keeping decent throwing velocity, the cut fastball has become the fastest growing pitch in the baseball community. Mariano Rivera, without a doubt, was the greatest pitcher in the history of the game. So, who do you think has the best cutter in baseball at the moment? Adam Wainwright gets my vote because he has the following qualifications: is the source of this image. Even while it isn’t a violent strikeout pitch, nor is the movement/velocity extraordinary, it is an excellent “main” pitch for a player who has a wide range of pitches in his or her arsenal.

5 tips for learning new grips

Listed below are five considerations to bear in mind when learning new baseball pitches with various baseball pitching grips.

  1. Fastballs account for at least 70% of all pitches thrown by pitchers in any one game. For younger children, this is the maximum amount of throws they will make. As a result, here is where you should naturally devote the most of your time
  2. Keep your expectations reasonable when learning a new pitching technique. Remember, it’s very new, so don’t expect everything to be perfect right immediately, including the spin and placement. These tasks require time to complete. When learning a new baseball pitching grip, patience is essential
  3. I would like to see you excel at a few pitches rather than mediocre at a large number of pitches. Attempting to acquire various throwing grips at the same time would almost certainly reduce your effectiveness on the pitches you’ll be using the most. Besides screwballs and knuckleballs, other pitches like as screwballs and knuckleballs just aren’t important for 99 percent of the throwing population, particularly in Little League and high school baseball. Concentrate on the pitches that have the greatest potential to contribute to your success
  4. Have fun! Learning different throwing grips is enjoyable since it allows you to improve your pitching ability, which is the ultimate goal.

Learn more about my workout programs for pitchers

When it comes to baseball, one of the most common myths is that playing the game keeps you in condition to pitch. That would be fantastic if it were true. It is not the case. Preparation is critical in order to go to the next level. Pitchers in the major leagues spend significantly more time preparing to prepare than they do actually pitching.

You may learn more about my fitness and pitching programs for baseball pitchers of all ages if you feel that increasing your velocity will be vital to your future success. More information may be found here.

What do you think?

What I want to know now is whether you know of any throwing grips that I may have overlooked. Alternatively, perhaps you have an idea for how I might improve this post even further. In any case, please leave a remark and let me know. WHAT TO READ NEXT: 7 Ways to Improve Your Pitching Command (For All Types of Pitches)

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