How To Pitch A Baseball Faster

How to Throw a Faster Fastball

Article in PDF format Article in PDF format The fastball is the most essential pitch in baseball, and you’ll need to learn how to throw it before you can move on to learning other pitches. The physical capabilities and technique of your body, whether you’re playing in little league or the majors, should be regularly improved in order to optimize the velocity, movement, and control of your pitch. You can throw more strikes and cause batters to strike out if you make a few modifications and put in the necessary time.

  1. 1 Make sure you have a good hold. When it comes to the fastball, there are two major grips: the four-seam and the two-seam. Although the four-seam fastball normally generates higher velocity, some pitchers prefer the two-seam fastball because it is more comfortable and simpler to command. However, you should stick with one choice until you’re completely comfortable with it. Many experienced pitchers may swap between the two options when they want to emphasize velocity or movement accordingly, but this is not recommended.
  • With a fair amount of space between your index and middle fingers, make a horse-shoe shape with your index and middle fingers over the seams of your shirt. Your index and middle fingers should be following along the seams where they are close together, and your thumb should be gently resting beneath the ball. The two-seam grip is achieved by keeping your ring and pinky fingers close together and your thumb comfortably resting underneath the ball. Having mastered the two-seam grip, you should be able to produce a fastball that moves toward the side of the plate where your throwing hand is (for example, a right-handed pitcher’s two-seam fastball with break inside against a right-handed hitter)
  • 2 Make sure your stride is perfect. During your lunging action at the plate, you should be producing the majority of your power.
  • There is a reason why the pitching mound is high. After you have raised your step leg, you should use the momentum of your body falling forward to produce force for your pitch. Determine the best place for your step foot to land so that you are optimizing your forward motion without overextending yourself in the process. Make it a habit to strike that region with your foot until it becomes second nature. In order to maintain concentration, you may wish to practice your lunge action without actually throwing the ball.
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  • s3 Make sure you follow through with your move. If you cease your pitching action abruptly as soon as the ball is released, you will lose some velocity and accuracy.
  • When you finish pitching, your pitching hand should be near your hip on the other side of your body.
  • 4 Take command of the pitch rather than aiming. One of the most common and perplexing pieces of baseball coaching advice you’ll hear is that you shouldn’t target your pitches, which is a common misconception. However, this is not intended to indicate that you should not be concerned with where your pitch lands. However, if you become excessively concerned with directing the ball to a certain point in the zone, the pitch’s velocity and overall effectiveness will suffer as a result of your efforts.
  • In the world of pitching, the phrase “command” refers to the method of positioning pitches with your delivery action rather than merely targeting the ball. While this may appear ambiguous to those who are new to pitching, it will become clearer as your skill improves. To order the ball to a certain place, point your step foot toward the inner or outside portions of the plate. Whenever you’re working on your delivery, imagine the ball landing in a precise location and keep practicing until it becomes second nature. Make use of the muscle memory associated with that delivery action to construct your command
  • Pitching without aiming is one of the most challenging components of the game, and even major leaguers might have difficulty with it from time to time. To be successful, you’ll need to be patient and persistent.
  1. 1 Concentrate on strengthening your triceps and forearm muscles. While most people connect the biceps with arm power, the flexor muscles in your forearm and the triceps are really the most significant pitching muscles in your arm, according to research. Concentrate on strength- and flexibility-building workouts in these areas in order to increase throwing velocity while reducing the chance of injury.
  • Try some reverse barbell curls for a change of pace. Turn your back away from the barbell and grab it with both hands shoulder-length apart from behind your back, palms facing down. When you curl the barbell up toward your back, you should gently bend your elbows and allow your wrists to perform the work. Start with a light-weight barbell and a restricted number of repetitions until you feel comfortable increasing the weight and amount of repetitions. This will help you to develop forearm and wrist strength. Try some tricep extensions for a change. For this exercise, you’ll need a cable pulley, which can be found at most commercial gyms. Pull down with your elbows straightened and by your sides, holding the rope or handle-bar attachment in front of you. Raise your hands slowly back to the beginning position of the exercise. Beginners should start with a light-weight pulley and a low number of repetitions until they feel comfortable raising the weight.
  • 2 Increase the flexibility of the rotator cuff. Due to the fact that the vast majority of pitching injuries occur in the shoulder region, increasing your strength and flexibility in this area is vital as you attempt to increase your fastball velocity.
  • Try several shoulder flexions to see how they feel. You’ll need some anchored tubing, which can be found at most commercial gyms and is rather inexpensive. Position yourself so that you are facing away from the anchor and the tubing in your hands is lying at your sides. Grasp your elbows and wrists and extend them in front of your face, then return to your starting position to complete the movement. Initially, start with a small number of repetitions until you feel comfortable increasing the amount
  • 3 Ensure that your core is strong. When you’re pitching, your arms aren’t the only portion of your body that gets a workout. Your legs, hips, and abdomen will provide you with a significant amount of force. Strengthen these regions, which are generally referred to as your ‘core,’ in order to improve your throwing ability.
  • Try some rotating medicine ball tosses using a medicine ball. You’ll need a medicine ball as well as a training partner for this workout. Sit on the floor with your elbows pointed outward, and hold the ball close to your chest with your hands. During the exercise, keep your legs and lower body stationary, and begin with your upper body twisted away from your partner to prevent injury. Rotate toward your partner and pass the ball by extending both arms forward, similar to a basketball pass, to establish a connection. Beginners should start with a light-weight ball and a restricted number of repetitions until they feel comfortable increasing the amount of repetitions. Try some crunches on a bicycle. Lay flat on your back with one leg stretched out and both hands on your head for a few minutes. Crunch your opposing knee into your opposite elbow on the opposite side of the room. Make modest motions and restricted repetitions your starting point until you feel comfortable raising the intensity.

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  • Question What are the most effective workouts to improve my throwing speed? Baseball Coach and Instructor Isaac Hess is the founder of MADE Baseball Development and Champion Mindset Training Program, a baseball training program in Los Angeles, California. Hess has also worked as a professional baseball player and coach. Isaac has more than 14 years of experience coaching baseball, and he specializes in private classes and competitions for young athletes. He has experience playing baseball in both professional and collegiate divisions, having played for teams such as Washington State University and the University of Arizona, among others. Isaac was rated as one of Baseball America’s top ten prospects in both 2007 and 2008, and he was named to the All-Star team in 2007. In 2007, he graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Regional Development from the University of Arizona. Baseball Coach, Baseball Instructor, Baseball Expert Answer A wonderful workout if you want to strengthen your upper body and throwing strength is to perform push ups. Instead of using larger weights to create leaner muscles when performing dumbbell workouts, use lesser weights (between 2-5 pounds) to achieve the same results. Shoulder rises, as well as side shoulder raises, are excellent workouts to perform. Resistance bands, tubing, and Jaeger bands are also effective tools for increasing arm strength. Question Is it possible that having a unique pitching posture has an impact on the way someone pitches? It is dependent on your posture
  • If your stance causes you to take longer to release, two things will occur: It is more likely that you will throw less hard if you take longer to reach home plate, and that runners will be able to steal more easily if you take longer to reach home. Question I am 12 years old and play in the top leagues. My fastball now has a velocity of 53 miles per hour, but I want to improve my control and throw it harder. Do you have any suggestions? Your speed will increase as your strength increases. Don’t put too much pressure on yourself when you’re 12 years old. Because your arm muscles have not fully grown yet, a young arm like yours is particularly prone to damage when you throw a lot of fastballs. Question How can I keep my fastball under control? Slowing down your movements is a good idea. Prepare by having someone film you throwing in slow motion, focusing on the location of your release of the ball and placement of your foot when walking toward home plate, and then working from there
  • Question When I was a child, how fast should I throw a fastball? For 12-year-olds, you should be pitching between 50 and 60 mph
  • For 10-year-olds, you should be pitching between 40 and 50 mph
  • And for 9-year-olds, you should be pitching between 30 and 40 mph. Question What is a reasonable speed for a young adolescent? The average speed is in the 70-mile-per-hour range. Aim for the upper 60s when you are 15 – 17 years old
  • At 15 – 17 years old, aim for 80. Question Where can I get information on how I can improve the speed of my fastball, given that I currently have a lightning-fast fastball? Exercise your arms to develop larger, stronger muscles that will allow you to pitch more quickly. Question Is it possible to enhance movement by throwing a fastball sidearm? No, it may even cause the ball to bend slightly, putting additional strain on your arm.

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Summary of the ArticleX A fastball’s velocity is determined by the technique and physical strength used in its delivery. When you lunge forward to pitch the ball, use all of your might to propel the ball forward. Make sure you follow through after you’ve released the ball to avoid losing any of your momentum. You may also utilize the 4-seam grip to provide a little additional strength to your shot. Simply position your index and middle fingers over the seams, where they make a horse-shoe shape, with your ring and pinky fingers close together and your thumb softly resting below the ball, and your thumb will be secure.

Strengthening your core with activities such as sit-ups, crunches, and planks will help you lose weight and keep it off.

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Pitching is the term used to describe the act of tossing a baseball in baseball. Pitching is more than simply releasing the ball from the player’s hands; it is also the science of doing it perfectly the first time. Its biomechanics have been extensively investigated in order to determine ways to increase overall pitching performance. The pitcher may make it difficult for the batter to hit the ball by employing proper pitching methods and positioning. The fastball is the most effective pitch; professional baseball players learn how to throw a baseball harder and quicker than their opponents.

Types of throw in baseball

In baseball, there is no such thing as a single pitch; instead, the pitchers toss the ball utilizing a variety of various approaches. The throw type changes as a result of variations in trajectory, velocity, wrist position, hand movement, and arm angle, among other factors. Pitchers choose the throw type by examining the hitter and the game’s current situation. Fastball: Considered the most fundamental and vital throw in baseball, the fastball has a range of 90-95 mph and is thrown by the pitcher with the greatest amount of velocity possible.

Forkball, cut fastball, and split-finger fastball are some of the numerous types of fastball you may play. Extra movement is employed to provide a variety of various trajectories in these games. The following are examples of fastball throwing variations:

  • Fastballs with four seams, two seams, sinkers, cutters, and split-finger fastballs are all used.

Breaking balls

There are a variety of motions in the breaking balls, including downward and sideways movement. These are pitches that are not thrown at high speeds. Depending on the throwing speed, this throw style causes the ball to move as a result of a change in air pressure. The following are the many types of breaking pitches:

  • Screwball
  • Knuckle curve
  • Curveball
  • Slider
  • Slurve
  • 12-6 curveball
  • 12-6 screwball


This off-speed pitch has the appearance of a fastball, but it is significantly slower. The appearance of the fastball has an influence on the batter’s reaction time and causes him to get confused. It is a misleading delivery method that allows the payer to continue making incorrect timing assessments. When a change occurs, it has a statistically significant impact on the batter’s ability to hit; examples of such throws include:

  • Forkball, Palmball, Circle Changeup, Fosh, Straight Changeup, Vulcan Changeup, Straight Changeup, Forkball

Aside from the pitchers described above, there are other additional pitchers in baseball, including Gyroball, Shutto, and many more.

What makes a pitcher throw hard and faster

The pitchers are throwing the ball at a velocity of around 100 miles per hour. These experts may appear to have superhuman powers, similar to those of a superhero. Still, they are employing proper mechanics in order to attain the appropriate speed while retaining perfect control over the ball.So, what causes a pitcher to throw harder and quicker than others? Is it a matter of strength? According to study, other primates can also throw items, but humans are the only ones that can throw projectiles at the correct speed and with pinpoint accuracy.

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As a result, in addition to strength and proper technique, the amount of elastic ligament stretching in the shoulder influences the ball, making it harder and faster to hit.

Another key to throwing quicker and harder is to put in the necessary time each day.

Tips for throwing harder

There are particular techniques that may be used to throw the ball harder and quicker like a professional. In general, there are three steps to the ball throwing process, each of which has an influence on the throwing velocity and strength of the ball. These stages are as follows:

  • The period of the player’s posture during which the player is gathering strength and preparing to play
  • The energizing phase
  • The phase of precision

When everything is in working order, the player may throw at even greater speeds while maintaining accuracy and the proper strength. The following are some helpful hints for throwing harder:

  • Hip-Fall: This is the most difficult trick to perfect, but it is well worth the effort in the end. Take your leg all the way up to the maximum height it is capable of reaching. If you lean a little closer to the batter, it will do the following: Swinging the body in the appropriate direction, increasing strides by around 12 inches, and improving the ability to leg drive are all benefits of this technique. The maneuver is hazardous and needs a great deal of expertise since you run the risk of injuring your elbow if you apply too much pressure on it. Move Your Chest: When you’re throwing, protruding your chest out does wonders also. In addition to providing the correct pitching action, it also adds additional whip and increases arm speed, which ultimately results in increased velocity. Separation from the shoulder to the hip: While you put your foot down, point your hip towards the catcher and move your shoulder closer in such a way that, when utilizing the Birdseye perspective, your shoulder and hip should be creating at least a 45-degree angle with the catcher. It will promote hip rotation and provide additional power as a result of higher velocity. Glove Position: When throwing, the heel of the glovehand is the most important part of the motion. The glove hand should move in sync with the throwing hand and should remain facing downward for as long as is necessary. Throwing Muscles: The elbow muscles supply all of the flexibility you require, while the muscles between the hand and the elbow provide the strength you require to throw a ball. However, all of this preparation is intended to allow the little muscles to do several tasks. To go away from the ball, merely use your wrist and fingers. It is the ideal practice to increase the velocity of a projectile by increasing its strength at the time of release.


Baseball throwing is a complex science that requires the participation of the entire body. It will take time and effort to significantly increase your throwing velocity. It is the most efficient approach to boost your speed that you practice on a regular basis while taking care of your arm. In your leisure time, pay close attention to how the professional players toss the ball and how they use their feet.

Observe and mimic their throwing technique, as well as their body language. Because throwing a perfect ball does not involve simply the use of the hands; it necessitates the use of your entire body to accomplish success.

4 Ways To Increase Your Kid’s Pitching Velocity

Baseball players that throw hard have a number of advantages over their counterparts. Increase the velocity of your youth player’s pitching motion. Many times it appears that arm power for a young pitcher is purely a matter of genetics. However, this is not entirely correct. Consider some of our ideas for increasing pitching velocity.

1. Encourage Healthy Weight Gain to Increase Pitching Velocity

Pasta is excellent for gaining weight in a healthy manner. When it comes to throwing velocity, it goes without saying that height and weight are important factors. There’s a guy on my son’s 11U club team whose father played offensive guard at Michigan State, and he’s a really nice kid. The kid is enormous, both in terms of height and circumference. The father once informed me that his child had already reached 170 pounds, which is around 80 pounds more than my son. That my average-sized son can throw harder than a youngster who is that much bigger is ridiculous, and he isn’t able to do so.


  • My son reaches the age of 53
  • The lineman’s kid reaches the age of 60 or more.

My son has always had a slim build on top, with powerful legs and a muscular buttocks. Recognizing that he had space to grow and that the additional weight would increase his pitching velocity, I took the following steps:

  • Whole milk was substituted with 2 percent milk (since the child enjoys milk)
  • A minimum of twice a week, I prepared spaghetti for him. I made certain that he didn’t skip any meals. I was successful in getting him to drink smoothies.

Over the winter, he put on 10 pounds and has become much more substantial in the upper body. Despite the fact that his height is below normal, his weight is well over average. He’s also throwing with more force.

2. Use J-Bands to Add Speed to Your Son’s Fastball

J-Bands should be incorporated into your fitness routine. J-Bands should be a regular part of your fitness routine. It has been demonstrated that resistance bands not only allow your child to throw harder, but that they also help to reduce arm injuries. When performed appropriately, they can help to increase elbow and shoulder flexibility while also increasing arm strength across the arm and shoulder. J-bands are now being used in practically all baseball exercises, and you can see them in action at almost any baseball club these days.

For younger pitchers, I recommend that you attempt to utilize them three times a week for roughly 10 to 15 minutes each time.

It’s unlikely that your youngster will fall in love with the J-Bands if he’s anything like mine did.

Whenever I go all out with them, though, I end up losing him and wasting both of our time in the process.

Get a Door Hook to Secure the J-Bands

I didn’t have an apparent area in my house where I could hang the J-Bands, so I made do with what I had. First, I attached them to the metal on the bottom of our reclining couch, which served as a guide. This irritated my wife! There was also no acceptable angle for the resistance bands to be used with this setup.

I ultimately decided to purchase a low-cost “door anchor.” This is a fantastic solution. You open a door, insert the anchor through a crevice in the door near a hinge, then close the door after that. And there you have it: a sturdy hook to which you can connect the J-Bands.

3. Use Medicine Ball Drills to Help Your Son Throw Harder

Medicine balls are excellent for increasing explosiveness, which in turn increases pitching velocity. They also assist in teaching your child about rotational motions, which are essential for both pitching and hitting. Finding a medicine ball that is neither too hefty nor too light is essential when using one. Six pounds was the perfect weight for my 11-year-old. Try the following drills to see how they work:

  • From the top of the head to the bottom. Instruct your youngster to lift the ball over his head and then toss it between his knees as hard as he possibly can
  • Pitching shoulder and out is the goal. Assist your kid with bringing the ball up to his throwing shoulder and pushing it out across his body while twisting his hips. Take a deep breath and hold it. Hold the ball close to his chest and then twist his hips while still holding onto the ball.

Each of these drills should be performed three times, with a one-minute pause in between each set. Also, have a look at the YouTube video embedded above for some extra medicine ball workouts. See The 4 Best Baseball Batting Aids for more information on how to improve rotational movement for baseball (No. 3 is Free).

Be Cautious with Using Plyo Balls to Add Pitching Velocity

When working with younger pitchers, it is important to be cautious when employing weighted balls. If you use it wrong, you might do serious damage to their arms. In the event that you decide to utilize them, stick to the lighter balls and the most basic drills possible. When your children become older, they will be able to handle heavier balls, but for the time being, err on the side of caution.

4. Hire a Private Pitching Coach to Clean Up Your Son’s Pitching Mechanics to Help Him Throw Harder and Avoid Injuries

There’s a good chance that your son’s pitching mechanics aren’t quite perfect, and this is causing his velocity to suffer. There was a lot going on with my son, including the following:

  • After fracturing his hands, he wasn’t able to fully recover his throwing arm’s movement. The ball was not being pulled hard enough by his glove hand when he let go of the ball. He wasn’t stepping down the throwing mound far enough
  • He needed to. In his leg lift, he was lifting his leg too straight up and down, and he was not bringing his leg in to his hip
  • It appeared that he was breaking his hands too early in his motion.

The more your child’s understanding of mechanics, the more he will be able to harness his strength. Additionally, better mechanics reduce the risk of arm damage. Finding a decent pitching coach is not always simple to come across. We began by enlisting the assistance of our hitting coach, who was also our pitching coach. He did his best, but he wasn’t a pitching coach in the traditional sense. When my kid was nine years old, a father from our baseball club recommended a man who had pitched in the minors and who also offered private instruction.

He assisted us for a couple of months, then the pandemic struck and we lost contact.

Although he was OK with it, and he put him through drills, he didn’t really dig down to the granular parts of my son’s movements.

Puberty is Coming

Remember, when it comes to genetics, that you will never truly know how tall your child will be until he or she enters puberty and grows into his or her adulthood. Shorter children can sprout up, while some of the larger children will plateau in their growth and develop ordinary builds. Someone once told me that you can’t truly predict how fast your child will throw in high school until they reach puberty. I believe this to be true. In other words, while all of these tactics will aid in increasing your son’s pitching velocity, you must also be patient as you watch him grow and mature as a pitcher.

I understand that it is easier said than done.


for more information. as well as the reasons why I won’t let my son pitch in Little League. Read How to Scorekeep in GameChanger’s Team Manager App for further information on how to use the new GameChanger Team Manager App.

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Alec was the inspiration for today’s Wonder of the Day. “Can you tell me how to throw a fastball?” Alec inquires. Alec, thank you for sharing your WONDER with us! If you’ve ever played baseball, you’re probably aware that fastball pitchers can be quite effective. When attempting to strike out a hitter, some pitchers would toss pitches outside of the strike zone. Others may attempt to fool batters by throwing pitches that are erratic in their movement. Fastball pitchers, on the other hand, simply throw the ball as hard and quickly as they can in the hopes of getting it past the hitter before he can react.

  • Several distinct varieties of fastball pitches have been produced over the course of history.
  • This pitch travels extremely little and is frequently utilized when a pitcher is under extreme time constraints and must deliver a strike.
  • Sinkers are more difficult to throw, but because of the movement they produce, they might be more difficult to hit.
  • A pitcher, on the other hand, grips the baseball off-center, as opposed to the traditional grip.
  • Some batters believe in a phantom pitch called as a “rising fastball,” in which the ball bounces as it crosses the plate and misses the batter’s bat completely.
  • Throwing fastballs causes the baseball to spin around in the pitcher’s hands.
  • In the end, gravity does win out and fastballs do indeed fall rather than rise from the point at which they leave the pitcher’s hand to the point at which they strike the catcher’s mitt.

Scientists think it is the result of an optical illusion.

When the baseball reaches at a higher level sooner than expected (due to the greater backspin on the baseball when thrown faster), the baseball seems to ascend in the air.

However, those same experts have demonstrated that the amount of backspin that would be required is in excess of the capabilities of the human arm and hand.

To match a fastball, there is no specific speed need.

Over the course of several seasons, the top baseball pitchers in the major leagues worked hard to get their fastballs up to 100 miles per hour (mph).

In today’s baseball, it is extremely typical for major league pitchers to frequently throw fastballs in the 95-mph range or above.

It was discovered that Aroldis Chapman of the Cincinnati Reds was throwing his fastball at 105.1 miles per hour in September 2010.

On the other hand, it appears that pitchers are becoming more efficient as time goes on. There have been at least 20 different pitchers in the previous ten years who have thrown fastballs that have been recorded at or over 101 mph!

Science of Baseball

A baseball game revolves around the (appears to be) unending fight between a pitcher and a hitter, with both employing physics to gain a slight edge over the other in choosing the fate of the ball, which is the game’s focal point.

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It All Revolves Around The Ball

When you take up a baseball, it instantly communicates what it is intended to be used for: to be thrown quickly and accurately. This is exactly what the pitcher is about to accomplish with his dance-like windup, which involves transferring momentum from his body to the ball. To see why this is important, try throwing a ball without moving your feet; it’s tough to throw it very far or very forcefully without moving your feet; yet, taking a forward step makes it considerably more difficult to begin with.

  • The transfer of momentum from the body to the ball is accomplished by the use of a biomechanical principle known as sequential summation of movement.
  • In baseball, the pitcher drives first with his legs, then with his hips, shoulders, arm, wrist, and fingers, and last with his fingers and hands.
  • The ability to achieve speed and precision while avoiding strain and damage is dependent on the ability to time events correctly.
  • It looks like a rock whirling on the end of a string as he holds the ball over his head with his outstretched arm.
  • (Traditionally, fastball pitchers have been lanky gentlemen.) Furthermore, because the pitcher tosses the ball while walking downhill, moving off the crest of the mound, the height of the mound has an effect on the force with which the pitch is delivered.

Baseball Aerodynamics 101, or “Hit This!”

Through the use of a variety of grips, wrist spins, and throwing actions, pitchers may cause the ball to curve or rise or descend, change speeds, or just go FAST. The most crucial part of a pitcher’s game is speed, and a hardball is supposed to “go quickly,” which is exactly what it does. In addition to serving as an adornment, the raised red cotton stitching that binds the cowhide covering of the ball together also serves a functional purpose. The ball would not be able to move as far or as quickly if it did not have it.

A little amount of this somewhat turbulent air rotates along with the ball as it spins around.

A significant reduction in total drag allows a big league “flame-thrower” to hurl the ball at speeds of 90 to 100 miles per hour, which is unprecedented in baseball.

A golf ball, which ordinarily travels more than 200 yards on a drive, would only travel around 50 yards without its unique dimples, which is explained by the same boundary layer effect.

Alternatively, if the pitcher jerks the ball down and to the side as he delivers it, so imparting a spin to it, something quite different results: a curveball is produced.

Throwing ‘Em a Curve

An excellent pitcher’s trick is the ability to make a ball curve, or break, in a variety of directions using his or her delivery. When the ball rotates about its vertical axis at the correct speed, the passing airstream exerts a deflecting force on the ball, which is created by the rotation of the ball. Air goes with the spinning ball and is expelled on the opposite side of the spin from where it entered (see diagram). The ball is deflected in the direction of the spin, causing the ball to curve, as we know from Mr.

  • As a result, you may alter the direction of the curve by adjusting how fast the spin is spinning.
  • A right-handed hitter will see the ball curve down and away from him because the axis of spin has been skewed to the right.
  • The screwball is a curve ball that breaks in the opposite direction of the curve ball’s trajectory.
  • Sliding curves, sometimes known as “nickel curves,” are thrown with greater force than standard curves, and the wrist is bent at a 90-degree angle, similar to a spiral football pass.
  • Because of the batter’s inability to compensate for the little curve towards the conclusion of the ball’s flight, weak pop-ups and ground balls result, which result in easy outs.
  • Corrections were made by lowering the pitcher’s mound and shrinking the strike zone, but the slider’s nastiness has not been completely mitigated as a result.
  • At low speeds, the flow of air over the front surface of the ball is smooth; however, turbulence occurs at the rear surface of the ball, where the smooth flow is disrupted.
  • However, when the ball goes through the air, it slows down, and at a vital point, the turbulence in front of it is suddenly replaced by a smooth flow in the opposite direction.
  • The tendency of the ball to curve is dependent on a layer of surface air being transported around the ball; hence, this process is launched on the side of the ball with more smooth air and delayed on the side of the ball with more turbulence.
  • How effectively are pitchers able to handle the important factor of speed?

Some people have excellent control over it – the late, little break of the slider is what makes that pitch so powerful, and speed is the most important factor. What seems to be a fastball really slows down to the point where it begins to curve only inches in front of the plate.

The Knuckleball: “I Don’t Have Any Idea Where It’s Going Either”

The knuckleball is the most enigmatic pitch in baseball, and for good reason. It’s a difficult pitch to grasp, and its behavior is unpredictable as a result of this. Tom Candiotti, famed knuckleball pitcher, defines it like way: “It’s a bizarre pitch. It’s important to toss the pitch with as little or no spin as possible. In that case, I suppose, when you toss a ball with little or no rotation on it, the ball is more or less doomed to bounce back. I’m not sure if it’s the wind or whatever, but it causes it to move in particular directions – up, down, and around.

The ball becomes aerodynamically unstable when it is not subjected to the stabilizing gyroscopic action of spinning, and the elevated seams cause an uneven flow of air over the surface of the ball, pushing it one way or another.

It’s unfortunate that neither of them is effective.” However, it is a difficult pitch to throw, and since the ball goes at such a sluggish pace, if it does not “knuckle,” it is more than likely to end up in the stands.

In addition, if the pitcher applies a small dab of spit or vaseline, soap, slippery elm juice, or whatever to his fingertips, the pitched ball will squirt out of his hand like a watermelon seed, with the smallest amount of spin but the greatest amount of effect: once it reaches the plate, the ball can drop up to two feet in a split second.

It Ain’t Cheating If You Don’t Get Caught

Spitters were formerly popular and successful, but they were forbidden in 1920 owing to their filthy nature, and Babe Ruth hit nearly twice as many home runs in that year as he had the year before. Some pitchers take great delight in getting away with this unlawful pitch, defying umpires to identify where they are hiding the muck that they manage to transfer to the ball moments before they throw it. Others take great pride in getting away with this illegal pitch. Take into consideration the predicament of the batter.

Pitcher Jim Poole summarizes the situation as follows: “One of the keys to our game is to constantly change the look of the ball to keep the batters guessing.

Batters, for example, may insert cork, superballs, or mercury tubes inside hollowed-out bats in order to subtly modify the center of compression or center of mass of the bat.

Prior to games, clubs would place balls in refrigerators to make them less elastic in preparation for when the great hitters arrived in town.

Finally, it all boils down to the pitcher and batter’s unique ability at the end of the day. Former Boston Red Sox pitcher Bob Veale famously said, “It’s like being in a trance.” “Strong pitching will always win out against good hitting. as well as the other way around”

Why Training with Heavier or Lighter Baseballs Could Help Pitchers Throw Faster

Is it possible that utilizing lighter-weight balls in practice may be a safer approach to increase the speed of a pitcher’s arm – and the speed of the ball? (Inside Science) – The term “inside science” refers to the study of the inner workings of the mind. Velocity is the most important factor for today’s baseball pitchers. According to FanGraphs, the average velocity of a big league fastball in 2019 was 93.4 mph, compared to 90.9 mph in 2008. The game is developing at an unprecedented pace, and the desire to throw increasingly quicker may be putting the safety of younger players who aspire to play in the majors at danger as a result.

While proponents argue that bigger balls are safe, experts such as Makhni are concerned that the additional weight may pose an undue risk of damage.

Although preliminary and restricted, the study, which was published in the Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine in March, is worth noting.

More stories about baseball from Inside Science

Weighted ball training programs often employ balls that are both heavier and lighter than normal in order to get the desired results. According to a review report released last year, while commercial programs offered to aspiring baseball players have multiplied over the last several years, the evidence as to whether weighted-ball training is effective is scant and of varying quality. Despite this, several studies of the practice have shown a significant increase in pitching velocity. Another, a research conducted with 38 teenage boys and published last year in the journal Sports Health, discovered that 80 percent of those who trained for six weeks with both heavier and lighter balls were able to pitch quicker on average, by more than 2 miles per hour.

During a recent virtualMajor League Baseball Injury Conference on weighted balls, Mike Reinold, the senior medical advisor for the Chicago White Sox and a trainer and physical therapist who led the study, said, “Weighted balls may be effective in enhancing velocity in some, but probably not as much as you think.” Reinold is also the author of the study.

  1. According to Glenn Fleisig, a biomechanist and research director at the American Sports Medicine Institute, and a co-author of Reinold’s study, heavier balls aid pitchers in throwing faster rather than strengthening their arms and shoulders, as was previously believed.
  2. To the contrary, the researchers observed that larger and heavier balls allow players to rotate their arms farther back during the throwing motion, similar to drawing the slingshot farther back.
  3. Between athletes who exercised with balls of varying weights, 24 percent were injured either throughout the program or in their first season after returning from the break.
  4. There has been no previous research on the injury rates associated with weighted-ball training.
  5. In contrast, light-weight balls, according to Erickson, who also serves as an assistant club physician for the Philadelphia Phillies, may put less strain on the elbow.
  6. Lighter balls, according to Fleisig, can be used to educate the arm and shoulders to move more quickly.
  7. A total of 43 participants improved their pitching speed by an average of 4.8 miles per hour by the end of the training.
  8. “This study adds to our existing body of information,” Fleisig said of the research.
  9. In his opinion, the study would have been better if it had included a control group.
  10. According to Fleisig, the participants in Erickson’s training program may have just gotten lucky when it came to safety.

It only serves to demonstrate that this group was not harmed.” During the conference, Reinold stated, “I don’t believe the research indicates that training with lighter balls increases velocity or minimizes injuries.” According to him, weighted balls were only a minor portion of the study’s training program’s overall structure.

  • Erickson, on the other hand, believes it is doubtful that an injury sustained during the season can be linked back to a training program.
  • A second research, he explained, would be conducted with a control group of players who will be using a standard-weight baseball during their training.
  • However, according to Fleisig, the majority of the time it will rely on the player and the software.
  • The results of his biomechanics investigation lead him to the conclusion that slight differences in ball weight might be a critical role in teaching the body to throw quicker.
  • “Throwing it like a baseball increases the likelihood of getting injured unnecessarily,” he explained.
  • In his opinion, “I would not advocate any weighted ball program for anyone who is skeletally immature – in other words, for anyone who is still growing,” he stated.
  • Overweight balls are just not worth the danger, according to him, especially when there are several other methods of increasing velocity available, such as boosting core strength, range of motion workouts, and overall technique, he explained.
  • In addition, speed should not be the only consideration.

A pitcher’s performance is influenced by a variety of other abilities, including as accuracy, deception, and mental toughness, among others. “Velocity does make a difference,” Fleisig stated. “However, it does not matter nearly as much as some people believe it does.”

How To Grip And Throw Different Baseball Pitches

Weighted ball training programs often make use of balls that are both heavier and lighter than normal in order to maximize effectiveness. According to a review report released last year, while commercial programs offered to aspiring baseball players have multiplied over the last several years, the evidence as to whether such weighted-ball training is effective is scant and of varying quality. Despite this, several studies have found that the exercise increases pitching velocity. Most recently, a research conducted with 38 teenage boys and published last year in the journal Sports Health, discovered that 80 percent of those who trained for six weeks with both heavier and lighter balls were able to pitch quicker than the average of more than 2 miles per hour.

See also:  How To Play College Baseball

The study’s lead author, Mike Reinold, senior medical advisor for the Chicago White Sox and a trainer and physical therapist, said at a recent virtual Major League Baseball Injury Conference on weighted balls, “Weighted balls may be effective in enhancing velocity in some, but probably not as much as you think.” There’s no such thing as magic here,” she says.

  • According to Glenn Fleisig, a biomechanist and research director at the American Sports Medicine Institute, and a co-author of Reinold’s study, heavier balls benefit pitchers in throwing quicker rather than strengthening their arms and shoulders, as was previously believed.
  • When it came to pitches, the researchers found a correlation between a wider rotation and not just faster pitches, but also with more biomechanical stress and more injuries.
  • There were no injuries among the athletes who just used the normal ball during their training sessions.
  • Makhni, who is currently the team physician for the NFL’s Detroit Lions, says that in his experience and that of many other baseball experts, overweight baseballs can cause overuse damage, particularly in younger athletes.
  • His goal was to see whether only using lighter balls would be both safer and more productive in terms of speeding up pitch speeds.
  • A 15-week training regimen with baseballs weighing 3, 4, and the standard 5 ounces was employed in Erickson’s study, in which 44 ballplayers aged 10 to 17 took part.
  • Everyone escaped with their lives.

His conclusion: “A control group would have made the study more effective.” With no comparison group of ballplayers who went through the same training program but only used standard-weight balls, it is impossible to tell how much of the velocity increase was due to the lighter balls, how much was due to the exercises from the program, or even how much was due to the fact that the players were getting taller and heavier.

When it comes to their own safety, Fleisig believes that the participants in Erickson’s training program may have just been fortunate.

The fact that this group was not harmed only serves to demonstrate that.” During the conference, Reinold stated, “I don’t believe the research indicates that training with lighter balls increases velocity or reduces injuries.” “Weighted balls were only a tiny portion of the training regimen,” he stated of the study’s training methodology.

  • Erickson, on the other hand, believes it is improbable that an injury sustained during the season may be linked to a training regimen.
  • A second research with a control group of players who practice with a standard-weight baseball is now being planned, according to him.
  • However, according to Fleisig, the player and the program will be the deciding factors.
  • On the basis of his biomechanics studies, he hypothesizes that modest differences in ball weight might be a significant influence in teaching the body to throw quicker.

According to him, “throwing it like a baseball increases the likelihood of getting injured unnecessarily.” According to Makhni, In his opinion, “I would not advocate any weighted ball program for anyone who is skeletally immature – in other words, for anyone who is still growing,” he explained.

Overweight balls are just not worth the danger, according to him, especially when there are several other methods of increasing velocity available, such as boosting core strength, range of motion workouts, and overall technique, he said.

The need for immediate results should not be the only consideration.

Pitching success is dependent on a variety of talents in addition to accuracy and deception. Mental toughness is also important in the sport of pitching. In Fleisig’s opinion, “velocity does important.” According to some people, however, it does not matter nearly as much.

  • Instructions on how to grasp and throw a four-seam fastball
  • Instructions on how to grip and throw a two-seam fastball
  • Instructions on how to grip and throw a three-finger changeup. An explanation of how to hold and throw a circle changeup
  • What is a palmball (palm ball) and how do you toss one? Instructions on how to grasp and throw a beginner’s curveball
  • Instructions on how to grip and throw a straight curveball In this video, I demonstrate how to grip and pitch a knuckle curveball. Using a slider, learn how to hold it and throw it. Learn how to grip and throw a split-finger fastball in this video.

Learn how to grip and throw a four seam fastball in this video. Fastball with four seams Position your index and middle fingertips squarely on the perpendicular seam of the baseball in order to hold a four seam fastball. If you are throwing with your throwing hand, the “horseshoe seam” should be facing into your ring finger (as shown in the picture on the left). For the simple reason that the seam itself resembles the form of a horseshoe, I refer to it as the horseshoe seam. Place your thumb just beneath the baseball, resting it on the smooth leather of the baseball bat (as shown in the picture on the right).

  1. Take this pitch in your fingertips and hold it tenderly, like an egg.
  2. If you want to throw a nice, hard four-seam fastball with maximum backspin and velocity, you must do the following: A relaxed grip reduces the amount of “friction” that occurs between your hand and the baseball.
  3. Does a four-seam fastball have any rise to it?
  4. “If a fastball is thrown underhand, it will not ascend in the air.
  5. Fastball with two seams It’s similar to how a sinker or cutter (cut fastball) is held in the throwing hand, but it’s gripped somewhat tighter and deeper in the throwing hand than a four-seam fastball.
  6. In order to throw a two-seam fastball, your index and middle fingers should be placed directly on top of the thin seams of the baseball bat (as shown in the picture on the left).
  7. In this case, too, a two seamer is grasped a bit more tightly than a four seamer.

It also has the additional effect of decreasing the speed of the pitch, which is why most two-seam fastballs are 1 to 3 mph slower than four-seam fastballs on the radar gun.

To put it another way, because I’m a right-handed pitcher, I’d throw two-seamers inside to right-handed batters and four-seamers away from them.

A Three-Finger Changeup: Grip and Throw Instructions Changeup with three fingers When used properly, a three-finger changeup may be an effective off-speed pitch for younger baseball pitchers — particularly those who do not have large hands.

Your thumb and pinky finger should be positioned just beneath the baseball on the smooth leather (as shown in the middle picture).

As a result, it assists in developing a solid “feel” for the pitch, which is vital because the changeup is a finesse pitch.

This assists in slowing down the pitch’s pace.

The same arm speed was used.

When developing “fastball mechanics,” but not changeup speed, throwing your changeup while you long toss is a good practice technique (throwing beyond 90 feet).

Please keep in mind that advanced pitchers can experiment with “flipping the ball over” to add even more movement to their pitches.

What Is The Proper Grip And Throw For A Circle Changeup?

Both of these pitches are excellent.

The baseball is then centered between your three other index and middle fingers (as shown in the middle picture above right).

This pitch should be thrown with the same arm speed and body mechanics as a fastball, with the exception that the ball should be gently turned over by throwing the circle to the target.

To put it another way, imagine tossing your throwing hand towards someone who is immediately in front of you and giving them the “thumbs down.” This slows down your pace and allows you to have that smooth, fading movement to the side of the plate where your throwing arm is.

Fastballs and changeups should be alternated at 90-plus feet for around 20 tosses a couple of times each week.

It’s a pitch with a slow velocity.

With this change-up, the baseball is centered between your middle and ring fingers on your hand, similar to a four-finger change-up in baseball.

To get additional movement out of the ball at its release point, consider turning it over a little bit.

Nonetheless, just like with other off-speed pitches, the arm speed and mechanics of your pitching delivery must be the same as those used to produce your fastball.

To put it simply, this pitch has the exact opposite effect as a fastball.

And, unlike a four-seam fastball, where leverage comes from behind the top of the baseball, leverage on a curveball comes from the front of the baseball.

(However, I believe this is an excellent grip for more advanced pitchers to employ in a practice scenario if you’re having difficulty with your breaking ball.) The way it works is as follows: Using your index finger, grip the baseball as though you were aiming at somewhere in the distance.

Place your middle finger along the bottom seam of the baseball and your thumb along the rear seam of the baseball to finish it off (as shown in the middle picture above).

This, of course, is one of the reasons why this pitch is so good for beginners: the ball will travel where your index finger is pointing when you throw it.

This pitch should not be utilized beyond high school ball due to the possibility that college and professional batters will pick up on the “raised” finger employed during the delivery of this pitch.

The straight curveball (sometimes known as the “overhand curveball”) is one of the most frequently used breaking ball grips in baseball.

Because many of the same concepts that apply to both grips apply to a straight curve, mastery of my beginners curveball is required for a straight curve.

The beginners curveball, on the other hand, is a fantastic place to start.

Due to the fact that, other from the finger location of your index finger, there is little difference between a straight curveball and a beginners curveball, it is important to understand how to throw both.

The pitch is produced by the thumb moving upward.

At the conclusion of this pitch, the arm movement is a bit shortened to make it more concise.

This, of course, shortens your follow through, but it also lets you to snap off the pitch with incredible force.

This is the grip that I utilized for the curveball.

Instead of pointing with your index finger, your knuckle will now point toward your goal (in the beginners curve).

In fact, most pitchers believe that this grip allows them to generate the greatest rotation – and the most movement – of any breaking pitch they have ever thrown.

When you initially start tucking your index finger inside the baseball, it’s not extremely comfortable.

While you’re watching television or in study hall at school, complete this task.

Note: In order for this pitch to be effective, you must keep your fingernails short and well-manicured – especially on your index finger of the throwing hand – since long fingernails might get in the way of the grip.

Fingernail polish, of course, may be obtained in the women’s area of any department store.

Furthermore, it contributes to the toughening of fingernails (If you do use it, you really need just apply it to your index finger.) Slider Grip and Throw TechniquesSlider Grip and Throw Techniques Ted Williams famously remarked that a slider was “the finest pitch in baseball.” He was absolutely correct.

A slider is the third quickest pitch in baseball, behind the fastball and the changeup.

With a slider, you hold it like you would a two-seam fastball, but slightly off-center.

Good slider pitchers hold their baseball with their outside third of their hand and tilt their wrist slightly, but not rigidly, to the side of their throwing hand where their throwing hand’s thumb is when they deliver the pitch.

When you release your grip, avoid twisting your wrist.

Given that the index finger is the one from which the slider is thrown, some baseball pitchers may find it more beneficial to put their index finger along the seam of the baseball instead of the seam itself.

It’s important to remember to slightly cock your wrist rather than stiffen it.

Because the pitch will come off the thumb-side of your index finger if your wrist is slightly cocked to the throwing hand’s thumb side, you will be able to produce strong spin on the ball if your wrist is slightly cocked to the throwing hand’s thumb side.

In this pitch, the movement is caused by the baseball spinning off of the index finger from the outside of the baseball – NOT by twisting your hand underneath the ball.

How to Grip and Throw a Splitter (with Pictures) Splitter A split-finger fastball (also known as a splitter or splitty) is a more sophisticated pitch that requires more than one finger to throw.

This is due to the fact that the pitch itself should be “choked” deep within the hand.

Place your index and middle fingers on the outside of the horseshoe seam, with your middle finger on the inside.

When throwing this pitch, maintain your index and middle fingers extended upward and the palm-side wrist of your throwing hand aimed squarely at the target while doing so.

Bruce Sutter, one of the greatest splitter pitchers in the history of the game, believes that it is critical to place your thumb on the rear seam rather than the front seam while splitting a ball.

Then, he explains, all you have to do is throw a fastball.

However, according to an interview between Roger Kahn and Bruce Sutter published in Kahn’s book, The Head Game: Baseball, He points out that, when viewed from the pitcher’s mound, this is not the situation.

What method do you use to toss your pitches? Post photographs of your throwing grips in the discussion threads for mybaseball pitching equipment.

Get my pitching velocity program

When it comes to baseball, one of the most common myths is that playing the game keeps you in condition to pitch. That would be fantastic if it were true. It is not the case. Preparation is essential for moving on to the next level. Pitchers in the major leagues spend significantly more time preparing to prepare than they do actually pitching. In the event you feel increasing your velocity will be crucial to your performance, have a look at my tested plans for pitchers of all ages.

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