How To Throw Different Pitches In Baseball

How To Grip And Throw Different Baseball Pitches

PITCHERS, PLEASE READ: When it comes to baseball, one of the most common myths is that playing the game keeps you in condition to pitch. That would be fantastic if it were true. It is not the case. Preparation is essential for moving on to the next level. Pitchers in the major leagues spend significantly more time preparing to prepare than they do actually pitching. In the event you feel increasing your velocity will be crucial to your performance, have a look at my tested plans for pitchers of all ages.

Here are some of the most prevalent baseball pitching grips, as well as examples of how I used them when playing college and professional baseball in the United States.

  • Instructions on how to grasp and throw a four-seam fastball
  • Instructions on how to grip and throw a two-seam fastball
  • Instructions on how to grip and throw a three-finger changeup. An explanation of how to hold and throw a circle changeup
  • What is a palmball (palm ball) and how do you toss one? Instructions on how to grasp and throw a beginner’s curveball
  • Instructions on how to grip and throw a straight curveball In this video, I demonstrate how to grip and pitch a knuckle curveball. Using a slider, learn how to hold it and throw it. Learn how to grip and throw a split-finger fastball in this video.

Learn how to grip and throw a four seam fastball in this video. Fastball with four seams Position your index and middle fingertips squarely on the perpendicular seam of the baseball in order to hold a four seam fastball. If you are throwing with your throwing hand, the “horseshoe seam” should be facing into your ring finger (as shown in the picture on the left). For the simple reason that the seam itself resembles the form of a horseshoe, I refer to it as the horseshoe seam. Place your thumb just beneath the baseball, resting it on the smooth leather of the baseball bat (as shown in the picture on the right).

  • Take this pitch in your fingertips and hold it tenderly, like an egg.
  • If you want to throw a nice, hard four-seam fastball with maximum backspin and velocity, you must do the following: A relaxed grip reduces the amount of “friction” that occurs between your hand and the baseball.
  • Does a four-seam fastball have any rise to it?
  • “If a fastball is thrown underhand, it will not ascend in the air.
  • Fastball with two seams It’s similar to how a sinker or cutter (cut fastball) is held in the throwing hand, but it’s gripped somewhat tighter and deeper in the throwing hand than a four-seam fastball.
  • In order to throw a two-seam fastball, your index and middle fingers should be placed directly on top of the thin seams of the baseball bat (as shown in the picture on the left).
  • In this case, too, a two seamer is grasped a bit more tightly than a four seamer.

It also has the additional effect of decreasing the speed of the pitch, which is why most two-seam fastballs are 1 to 3 mph slower than four-seam fastballs on the radar gun.

To put it another way, because I’m a right-handed pitcher, I’d throw two-seamers inside to right-handed batters and four-seamers away from them.

A Three-Finger Changeup: Grip and Throw Instructions Changeup with three fingers When used properly, a three-finger changeup may be an effective off-speed pitch for younger baseball pitchers — particularly those who do not have large hands.

Your thumb and pinky finger should be positioned just beneath the baseball on the smooth leather (as shown in the middle picture).

As a result, it assists in developing a solid “feel” for the pitch, which is vital because the changeup is a finesse pitch.

This assists in slowing down the pitch’s pace.

The same arm speed was used.

When developing “fastball mechanics,” but not changeup speed, throwing your changeup while you long toss is a good practice technique (throwing beyond 90 feet).

Please keep in mind that advanced pitchers can experiment with “flipping the ball over” to add even more movement to their pitches.

What Is The Proper Grip And Throw For A Circle Changeup?

Both of these pitches are excellent.

The baseball is then centered between your three other index and middle fingers (as shown in the middle picture above right).

This pitch should be thrown with the same arm speed and body mechanics as a fastball, with the exception that the ball should be gently turned over by throwing the circle to the target.

To put it another way, imagine tossing your throwing hand towards someone who is immediately in front of you and giving them the “thumbs down.” This slows down your pace and allows you to have that smooth, fading movement to the side of the plate where your throwing arm is.

Fastballs and changeups should be alternated at 90-plus feet for around 20 tosses a couple of times each week.

It’s a pitch with a slow velocity.

With this change-up, the baseball is centered between your middle and ring fingers on your hand, similar to a four-finger change-up in baseball.

To get additional movement out of the ball at its release point, consider turning it over a little bit.

Nonetheless, just like with other off-speed pitches, the arm speed and mechanics of your pitching delivery must be the same as those used to produce your fastball.

To put it simply, this pitch has the exact opposite effect as a fastball.

And, unlike a four-seam fastball, where leverage comes from behind the top of the baseball, leverage on a curveball comes from the front of the baseball.

(However, I believe this is an excellent grip for more advanced pitchers to employ in a practice scenario if you’re having difficulty with your breaking ball.) The way it works is as follows: Using your index finger, grip the baseball as though you were aiming at somewhere in the distance.

Place your middle finger along the bottom seam of the baseball and your thumb along the rear seam of the baseball to finish it off (as shown in the middle picture above).

This, of course, is one of the reasons why this pitch is so good for beginners: the ball will travel where your index finger is pointing when you throw it.

This pitch should not be utilized beyond high school ball due to the possibility that college and professional batters will pick up on the “raised” finger employed during the delivery of this pitch.

The straight curveball (sometimes known as the “overhand curveball”) is one of the most frequently used breaking ball grips in baseball.

Because many of the same principles that apply to both grips apply to a straight curve, mastery of my beginners curveball is required for a straight curve.

The beginners curveball, on the other hand, is a good place to start.

Due to the fact that, aside from the finger placement of your index finger, there is little difference between a straight curveball and a beginners curveball, it is important to understand how to throw both.

The pitch is produced by the thumb moving upward.

At the end of this pitch, the arm action is a little shortened to make it more concise.

This, of course, shortens your follow through, but it also allows you to snap off the pitch with incredible force.

This is the grip that I used for the curveball.

Instead of pointing with your index finger, your knuckle will now point toward your target (in the beginners curve).

In fact, most pitchers believe that this grip allows them to generate the greatest rotation – and the most movement – of any breaking pitch they have ever thrown.

When you initially start tucking your index finger inside the baseball, it’s not extremely comfortable.

While you’re watching television or in study hall at school, complete this task.

Note: In order for this pitch to be effective, you must keep your fingernails short and well-manicured – especially on your index finger of the throwing hand – since long fingernails might get in the way of the grip.

Fingernail polish, of course, may be obtained in the women’s area of any department store.

Furthermore, it contributes to the toughening of fingernails (If you do use it, you really need just apply it to your index finger.) Slider Grip and Throw TechniquesSlider Grip and Throw Techniques Ted Williams famously remarked that a slider was “the finest pitch in baseball.” He was absolutely correct.

  1. A slider is the third fastest pitch in baseball, behind the fastball and the changeup.
  2. With a slider, you hold it like you would a two-seam fastball, but slightly off-center.
  3. Good slider pitchers hold their baseball with their outside third of their hand and tilt their wrist slightly, but not rigidly, to the side of their throwing hand where their throwing hand’s thumb is when they deliver the pitch.
  4. When you release your grip, avoid twisting your wrist.
  5. Given that the index finger is the one from which the slider is thrown, some baseball pitchers may find it more beneficial to put their index finger along the seam of the baseball instead of the seam itself.
  6. It’s important to remember to slightly cock your wrist rather than stiffen it.
  7. Because the pitch will come off the thumb-side of your index finger if your wrist is slightly cocked to the throwing hand’s thumb side, you will be able to produce strong spin on the ball if your wrist is slightly cocked to the throwing hand’s thumb side.

In this pitch, the movement is caused by the baseball spinning off of the index finger from the outside of the baseball — NOT by twisting your hand beneath the ball.

How to Grip and Throw a Splitter (with Pictures) Splitter A split-finger fastball (also known as a splitter or splitty) is a more advanced pitch that requires more than one finger to throw.

This is due to the fact that the pitch itself should be “choked” deep within the hand.

Place your index and middle fingers on the outside of the horseshoe seam, with your middle finger on the inside.

When throwing this pitch, maintain your index and middle fingers extended upward and the palm-side wrist of your throwing hand aimed squarely at the target while doing so.

Bruce Sutter, one of the greatest splitter pitchers in the history of the game, believes that it is critical to place your thumb on the rear seam rather than the front seam while splitting a ball.

Then, he explains, all you have to do is throw a fastball.

However, according to an interview between Roger Kahn and Bruce Sutter published in Kahn’s book, The Head Game: Baseball, He points out that, when viewed from the pitcher’s mound, this is not the situation.

What method do you use to throw your pitches? Post photographs of your throwing grips in the discussion threads for mybaseball pitching equipment.

Get my pitching velocity program

When it comes to baseball, one of the most common myths is that playing the game keeps you in condition to pitch. That would be fantastic if it were true. It is not the case. Preparation is essential for moving on to the next level. Pitchers in the major leagues spend significantly more time preparing to prepare than they do actually pitching. In the event you feel increasing your velocity will be crucial to your performance, have a look at my tested plans for pitchers of all ages.

Pitching Grips (Cheat Sheet): How To Throw 8 Different Baseball Pitches

HomeArticles Gloves for Pitching Learn more about my pitchers’ exercise routines here. The proper method of developing functional strength should be used. Discover my pitching routines and throwing plans for athletes that are dedicated to their craft and refuse to accept defeat. More information may be found here. Before we go into the specifics of different baseball pitching grips, let’s get one thing out of the way first. Clayton Kershaw throws a curveball that is just crazy. Take a look at it right here: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image.

  1. You’d be hard pressed to come up with a better curveball in baseball than this one.
  2. It’s been mentioned many times before that hitting is all about timing.
  3. FREE MONTHLY NEWSLETTER Sign up for my daily pitching tips email newsletter to receive exclusive tips and insights that are not available anywhere else on the web.
  4. Several essential baseball grips involved with pitching are covered on this page, including how to pitch a fastball, how to pitch a changeup, and how to pitch a curveball.
  5. Let’s get this party started.
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1. Four-seam fastball

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. According to MLB statistics, the four-seam fastball is the most frequently used pitch in baseball. Four-seamers account for 35.3 percent of all pitches thrown in the major leagues, and on average, they travel at a velocity of 92.9 miles per hour on the ground. So, who do you think has the greatest four-seam fastball in baseball at the moment? Madison Bumgarner gets my vote because she has the following qualities: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image.

The fact that he is not scared to throw the ball with two strikes distinguishes him from other pitchers.

He is particularly lethal while working high in the zone. According to one measure that I find very intriguing, known as True Average, Bumgarner’s fastball is the second-best in the league. In other words, MadBum achieves 100 mph outcomes with a heater that only operates at 92 mph.

2. Two-seam fastball

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. According to MLB statistics, the two-seam fastball or sinker is the second-most common pitch in the major leagues, accounting for 21.8 percent of all pitches thrown at an average speed of 91.7 mph. The two-seam fastball or sinker is thrown at an average speed of 91.7 mph. As their name implies, these pitches “sink,” meaning that they land lower in the strike zone than their four-seam counterparts do. So, who do you think has the greatest two-seam fastball in baseball at the moment?

If there is one reliever who has been dominant with only one pitch, it is Zach Britton.

3. Change up

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. According to MLB statistics, the changeup accounts for 9.5 percent of all pitches thrown in the majors and travels at an average speed of 83.6 miles per hour, demonstrating the opposite use trend as the slider does. It’s interesting to note that lefties seldom employ it against their own kind, but they do it frequently against righties. Likewise, right-handed pitchers employ it far more frequently against left-handed batters. Every time, an opposite-handed hitter faces a changeup, he or she is nearly four times as likely to see one than a same-handed batter is.

Which player now possesses the greatest changeup in the majors?

Hernandez threw the changeup more than any other starting pitcher in MLB, according to Baseball Prospectus.

The pitch is not only the greatest in its class, but it is also one of the top pitches in the whole game, according to many experts.

4. Curveball

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. According to Major League Baseball statistics, curveballs account for just 9.9 percent of all pitches thrown in the majors. They also provide an overall location signature that is comparable to the slider, but they do not produce variances that are nearly as extreme in terms of frequency or efficiency as the slider. The curveball is also the slowest pitch in Major League Baseball, clocking in at an average speed of around 78 mph. So, who has the best curveball in baseball right now, and how can you know?

According to the Washington Post, Betances’s curveball (orslurve) produced an incredible.075 batting average and.124 slugging percentage in 2014, by and away the greatest stats among pitchers who threw at least 300 curveballs throughout the season.

The fact that it is one of only two pitches thrown by the man is the most astounding of all.

With two strikes or a favorable count, there’s anything from a 62 to 70% chance that the curveball will be thrown, which is a very high percentage even for a relief pitcher. And, despite the fact that everyone knows it’s coming, it can’t be stopped from happening.

5. Slider

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. Sliders rank third among major league pitching statistics, and they are the most often used breaking ball. They account for 14.1 percent of all pitches thrown and travel at an average speed of 83.9 mph, according to MLB figures. When pitching against a batter who has the same dominant hand as the pitcher, pitchers are significantly more likely to employ the slider; the slider is often far more successful against a “same-handed” batter. And as pitchers become older, they want to be able to take advantage of any single benefit that comes their way.

My vote goes to Corey Kluber, who is as follows: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image.

This is the slider that will outperform all other sliders.

6. Splitter

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. Pitchers who are older and more experienced who want to add another nasty weapon to their arsenal to help them get more outs and win more games can consider using the split-finger fastball. Roger Clemens was a supreme master of the splitter during his career. So, who do you think has the best splitter in baseball at the moment? It is Joaquin Benoit who receives my vote: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image. With 41 strikeouts, one walk, and four singles in 68 at-bats, the splitter was a productive weapon in 2014.

That splitter nastiness is superior to that of any other pitcher in the game at this point in time.

7. Sinker

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. The sinker is simply a two-seam fastball (see my definition of the two seamer above), except that it dips or drops downward rather than running to the throwing hand side of the plate. Pitchers may get their two seamer to act more like a sinker or more like a regular two seam fastball depending on how much they pronate their wrist at the moment of release.

8. Cutter

Baseball-pitching-tips.com is the source of this image. Due to its ability to be thrown safely while keeping decent throwing velocity, the cut fastball has become the fastest growing pitch in the baseball community. Mariano Rivera, without a doubt, was the greatest pitcher in the history of the game. So, who do you think has the best cutter in baseball at the moment? Adam Wainwright gets my vote because he has the following qualifications: pitcherlist.com is the source of this image. Even while it isn’t a violent strikeout pitch, nor is the movement/velocity extraordinary, it is an excellent “main” pitch for a player who has a wide range of pitches in his or her arsenal.

5 tips for learning new grips

Listed below are five considerations to bear in mind when learning new baseball pitches with various baseball pitching grips.

  1. Fastballs account for at least 70% of all pitches thrown by pitchers in any one game. For younger children, this is the maximum amount of throws they will make. As a result, here is where you should naturally devote the most of your time
  2. Keep your expectations reasonable when learning a new pitching technique. Remember, it’s very new, so don’t expect everything to be perfect right immediately, including the spin and placement. These tasks require time to complete. When learning a new baseball pitching grip, patience is essential
  3. I would like to see you excel at a few pitches rather than mediocre at a large number of pitches. Attempting to acquire various throwing grips at the same time would almost certainly reduce your effectiveness on the pitches you’ll be using the most. Besides screwballs and knuckleballs, other pitches like as screwballs and knuckleballs just aren’t important for 99 percent of the throwing population, particularly in Little League and high school baseball. Concentrate on the pitches that have the greatest potential to contribute to your success
  4. Have fun! Learning different throwing grips is enjoyable since it allows you to improve your pitching ability, which is the ultimate goal.

Learn more about my workout programs for pitchers

When it comes to baseball, one of the most common myths is that playing the game keeps you in condition to pitch. That would be fantastic if it were true. It is not the case. Preparation is critical in order to go to the next level. Pitchers in the major leagues spend significantly more time preparing to prepare than they do actually pitching.

You may learn more about my fitness and pitching programs for baseball pitchers of all ages if you feel that increasing your velocity will be vital to your future success. More information may be found here.

What do you think?

What I want to know now is whether you know of any throwing grips that I may have overlooked. Alternatively, perhaps you have an idea for how I might improve this post even further. In any case, please leave a remark and let me know. WHAT TO READ NEXT: 7 Ways to Improve Your Pitching Command (For All Types of Pitches)

Types of Pitches in Baseball

What exactly is a sinker? What is a knuckle ball, and how does it work? What is the best way to recognize and hit a cut fastball? What is the speed of each sort of pitch? What is the appearance of the pitch grips? Fastball pitch grip with two seams Those and other concerns are addressed in this overview of the many varieties of baseball pitches available. Additionally, Yankee pitchers Kevin Whelan and DJ Mitchell show the right grip on the baseball for a variety of different pitching situations.

When you are the hitter, understanding the different types of pitches and how to detect them when they are thrown can help you make more consistent contact with the baseball.

Understanding what each pitch does

Cut the fastball grip in half.

4-seam fastball
  • When thrown backwards, this pitch is the most difficult of the fastball varieties
  • It keeps the ball straight and with little movement.
2-seam fastball (sinker)
  • In essence, the 2-seamer, often known as the sinker, is a fastball that is grasped in a different way than the 4-seamer. 1-3 mph slower than a 4-seamer
  • This pitch moves arm side of the pitcher and down
  • This movement is a consequence of the seams catching the air in a way that drives the ball down and in to righties from a right handed pitcher
  • This pitch is held with the seams rather than across

Grip with a slider

2-seam fastball (runs)

  • However, while this is the same pitch as the sinker, some pitchers have difficulty getting the ball to dive towards the ground. As long as there isn’t any depth to the ball and it doesn’t travel to the pitcher’s arm side (inside to a righty from a right handed pitcher), the ball runs
  • It is 1-3 mph slower than the 4-seam fastball.
Cut fastball
  • While still in the fastball family, this pitch goes in the opposite direction of the 2-seamer
  • As it comes out of the hand, it looks a little like a slider from a cement mixer. Because there is no red dot in the middle of the baseball when throwing spin that is looser than a slider, it might be difficult to pick up the rotation early while throwing spin. It performs a similar function as the slider, but with less movement. In addition, it has more velocity than the slider (albeit it is 5-8 mph slower than the 4-seamer)
  • Yet, it only moves a few inches to the pitcher’s glove side and does not normally have much depth.

Curveball grip with the knuckles

Slider
  • This fastball glides at an angle to the pitcher’s glove side and has a lot of depth to it. When compared to the 4-seam fastball, it is typically 9-12 mph slower. In order to assist you recognize the slider, you will observe tight spin with a red dot (seams converging and spinning) on the screen. Typically, it has a break of 3-6 inches in length
Curveball
  • This slider has a great amount more depth than the slider. It is customary to take a 12-hour break (as if staring at a clock)
  • There is no spin on the ball, and it will appear to have a hump coming out of the pitcher’s hand
  • However, this is not the case.

Grip changeup in a circle

  • The sole difference between a knuckle curve ball and a standard curve ball is the grip. A knuckle curve ball travels at a slower speed than a fastball, usually at least 15 mph slower. There are times when a pitcher will throw it harder, but it will always be less hard than the slider. Check out these advice from Garrett Richards on how to throw a curveball
  • And
Slurve
  • A combination of the slider and the curve ball Although it is often large and loopy in appearance, its break angle is more of a 10-4 or 11-5 if viewed from a clock perspective, hurled by a right hander
  • The slider speed is more similar to the curveball speed than the slider speed
  • The slurve is more prevalent than a real curveball
  • Yet, it is not as effective.
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Change alter your gripping style.

Change-up
  • Has the same amount of spin as a fastball, according to the rules. The slowball is 8-15 mph slower than the fastball. Depending on the pitcher, some will throw a change-up with a little depth, while others will simply float it in there and rely on the change in speed and the same spin to be successful
Split finger

  • It can be thrown strongly or softly to mimic the action of a change-up. The action is the same regardless of the velocity at which it is thrown
  • An interesting movement with the baseball may be observed out of the pitcher’s hand as it sliding downhill. It starts in the zone and dives straight into the ground
  • This pitch has late down action, which makes it a pitch to avoid throwing in the field. The majority of the time, it is not thrown for a strike. It is mostly employed as a strikeout pitch.

Split finger fastball grip is a type of fastball grip.

Knuckle ball
  • When delivered slowly and consistently, the ball enters the strike zone with little spin, making it a useful pitch virtually every time. This will cause the ball to flutter, causing it to travel in unpredictable ways, making it difficult to hit and catch on the pitch. A popular saying when it comes to hitting a knuckle ball is, “If the ball is in the air, let it fly
  • If it is on the ground, let it go.”

If you found this quick explanation of several distinct sorts of pitches to be helpful, please let me know. I encourage you to ask questions or provide comments by leaving a comment below. Play with gusto! — Doug et al.

Read more about hitting fundamentals

  • Baseball batting stances
  • Situational hitting
  • The seven absolutes of baseball pitching
  • The best wood baseball bats

Back toAll Baseball Instruction

Doug Bernier, the founder of Pro Baseball Insider.com, made his Major League debut with the Colorado Rockies in 2008 and has since played for five different organizations (the Colorado Rockies, the New York Yankees, the Pittsburgh Pirates, the Minnesota Twins, and the Texas Rangers) over the course of his 16-year professional baseball career. He has experience at every infield position in the Major Leagues and has played every position on the field professionally, with the exception of catcher.

Doug departed from professional baseball after 16 years and went on to work as a Major League scout for the Colorado Rockies for two years after his retirement.

11 Types of Baseball Pitches (and How to Throw Them)

Being a good baseball pitcher entails more than simply standing on the mound and throwing the ball as hard as you can towards the other team. As any baseball player is well aware, a pitcher’s ability to throw both hard (in most situations) and precise baseball pitches is essential in the sport. A pitcher may choose to throw a pitch inside, outside, high, or low depending on the scenario of the game. Being ability to place pitches exactly where he wants them is essential for a successful pitcher.

Pitchers must be able to learn and master a variety of different pitches.

Softer throws with specific breaks are another.

Having the ability to alter up your pitches as a pitcher will help you to keep batters off balance, which is essential if you want to induce swing-and-misses or merely mild contact from hitters. Here are the 11 most often used baseball pitches, as well as instructions on how to throw them.

11 Baseball Pitches

A fastball is the most direct of all the pitches in the baseball game. Toward the plate, it’s hurled with force and precision. It is the first pitch that all pitchers must learn and perfect before they can go to learning and mastering other baseball pitches. Fastballs can be divided into two categories: 1. Afour -seam fastball with a change of pace 2. A two-seam fastball with two seams The former is frequently thrown with greater force, but the latter has significantly more movement and is frequently simpler to manage.

  • In order to throw a four-seamer, you must place your index and middle fingers across the seams on the ball at the point where they join together to make a horseshoe shape.
  • It is just the location of your index and middle fingers that changes when you switch to a two-seamer style of fishing.
  • Instead of crossing the seams with your fingertips, you should follow them.
  • Allow the ball to come out of your hands in a straight line, with the ball rolling from the base of your fingers to the tips of your fingers.

2. The Changeup

The changeup is the second baseball pitch that most people learn to throw after the fastball. Its purpose is to deceive batters into believing you are throwing a fastball when in fact you are not. This pitch, on the other hand, will be delivered considerably more slowly than a fastball and will have far more movement. The three-finger changeup is the most prevalent manner to throw a changeup in the game of baseball. To hold this pitch, place your ring, middle, and index fingers on the top of the ball, centered on the ball’s surface.

  • When throwing a changeup, the ball should sit back in the palm of your hand, as opposed to when throwing a fastball.
  • This pitch should be thrown in the same manner as a fastball.
  • The way you hold the baseball will have an effect on how quickly it will naturally slow down.
  • To do this, place your middle, ring, and pinkie fingers on the top of the ball, centered on them.
  • Then, bend your index finger down such that it reaches the knuckle of your thumb, forming a circle with your thumb.
  • In order to make this pitch, you need place the ball all the way in the rear of your hand.

Once you’ve done that, wrap your four fingers around the ball, placing your ring and index fingers on either side of the ball and your thumb squarely below the ball. To read the rest of my piece on throwing the “Changeup,” please visit this link.

3. The Curveball

A curveball is the most straightforward breaking pitch. When compared to the fastball, it is the second most often used pitch in baseball. As it gets closer to the plate, this pitch will sink down and to the side a bit. Not only will it shatter, but it will also be significantly slower than a fastball. For a simple curveball, place your middle finger at the ball’s bottom seam and your thumb along the seam on the rear of the ball, as shown below. At this moment, it is OK to keep your index finger off the ball.

When you release the ball, it should snap out of your hand from top to bottom, as if it were a rubber band.

Be aware that the ball will end up where your index finger is pointing at any time.

A 12-6 curveball is as easy to throw as aiming a bit higher and snapping your fingers in a straight downward motion with your index and middle fingers.

4. The Slider

A slider may be a very effective breaking pitch when used properly. This baseball pitch, which is thrown harder and has a sharper break than a curveball, is one of the most difficult to learn to throw. To hold the pitch, start by pinching your index and middle fingers together tightly across one of the ball’s outside seams. Then, insert your thumb beneath the seam on the other side of the ball, toward the interior of the ball. As your thumb approaches those other two fingers, the pitch of your voice will begin to deteriorate.

Hold the ball in such a way that the pressure is applied to the side of your index finger that is closest to your thumb while you play.

Finally, swivel your wrist toward the thumb side of your throwing hand to guarantee that you can release the ball with good technique.

To read the rest of my post on throwing the “Slider,” please visit this link.

5. The Knuckleball

A knuckleball is one of the most surprising pitches in the game of baseball. The ball does not spin like other baseball pitches, but rather glides and advances toward the plate as it approaches the plate. Instead of using your fingers to hold the ball, you’ll be using your knuckles to do so with this pitch. Using your middle and pointer fingers, create an arch with your middle and pointer fingers. Then, tuck them beneath one of the ball’s horseshoe seams to complete the look. Dig your fingernails into the seam in the centre of the ball, and hold it securely in your hands.

If you want to play a three-finger knuckleball, simply place your ring finger on top of the ball.

When you play a four-finger knuckleball, your ring finger will come to the top of the ball, with your thumb supplying the necessary stabilizing force.

The ball should be released by pushing it out from your fingertips, rather than letting it glide off your fingers, when you are ready to release the ball. That is what will cause the ball to move in an unusual manner. To read the rest of my piece on tossing the “Knuckleball,” please visit this link.

6. The Sinker

A sinker may be a devastating “out” pitch, since it dives aggressively toward the earth at the last minute, causing the batter to lose his or her balance. This can result in a high number of swing-and-misses and light-hit groundballs. To hold it, wrap your index finger around the seam that is closest to your fingertip and pinch it together (right seam for right-handed pitchers, for example). Your middle finger should be pointed toward the center of the ball. Initially, it will be close to your index finger and will wrap around the ball.

It should be vertically aligned with the index finger of your right hand.

As you release your arm, raise it to a high position and then lower it.

This will cause it to experience a late downward motion.

7. The Screwball

A screwball is difficult to distinguish from other breaking pitches because it travels in the opposite direction to the plate. The ball will not be directed away from right-handed hitters, but rather toward them. Using the example of a right-handed pitcher throwing a curveball, a right-handed hitter will be able to avoid it. A screwball, on the other hand, will head straight towards them. To grab it, place your middle and pointer fingers on the top of the ball and squeeze them together. Your pointer should be pointing at the inside of the inner seam, and your middle finger should be about an inch away from it.

As you deliver the message, draw your arm down in an arching motion while keeping it snug to your side.

When you’re right-handed, keep your knuckles pointing inside toward your body, and spin your wrist counterclockwise if you’re left-handed.

8. The Forkball

An example of this would be the forkball, which is identical to a four-finger fastball except that it is pitched slower and with a stronger downward spin. As a result, it is a very destructive pitch. It is, however, a difficult skill to perfect. Start with a two-seam fastball grip to get a feel for it. Then, expand your index and middle fingers as wide as you possibly can. When you’re finished, make sure that both of these fingers are outside of the seams. The inside of these fingers should be pressed against the outer seam of the ball on their side of the ball.

After then, keep your hold on the ball tight.

The ball should be firmly squeezed between your index and middle fingers on the back of your hand.

You should snap your wrist down as the ball exits your hand when you are ready to release. This will cause it to take a severe tumble down. It will give the ball the required topspin to make it spin. To read the rest of my piece on tossing the “Forkball,” click here.

9. The Slurve

A slurve is a mix of a slider and a curveball in a single pitch. It has some of the same motion as the other two pitches and has gained in popularity in recent years due to this. If you want to grab the ball, place your middle finger on the ball first, along its right seam. Then, place your index finger immediately next to it, making sure that the two fingers are touching one another. Your other two fingers should be bent and placed on the side of the ball as well. However, you should avoid putting too much pressure on the ball when dealing with them.

  1. Your thumb should be straight, not bent, when you are writing.
  2. The palm of your hand should be facing home plate just before you release it.
  3. When you release the ball, snap your wrist to produce a downward break on the ball with your hands.
  4. To read the rest of my piece on throwing the “Slurve,” please visit this link.
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10. The Cutter

Cutter fastballs, sometimes known as cut-fastballs, are a little modification on the regular fastball. This pitch looks very much like a curveball, but it doesn’t have the same dramatic break as a curveball. In addition, the movement of a cutter is substantially later than that of a curveball. Consequently, it is a good pitch to include in your arsenal. The cutter should be gripped in the same way as a two-seam fastball would be. The other three fingers are used to make the necessary adjustments.

  1. Choose a position that is most comfortable for you at this time.
  2. Your thumb should be about in the 4:00 or 5:00 position when you’re reading this.
  3. Then, by applying more pressure to the ball with your middle finger, you’ll be able to “lead.” Throw the cutter in the same manner as you would a fastball.
  4. However, if you make a point of maintaining extra pressure on that middle finger, it will result in the late movement you desire.

11. The Splitter

A splitter, often known as a split-finger fastball, is a pitch that many hard-throwing pitchers employ as a “out” pitch. As soon as the ball hits the plate, it essentially “drops off the table,” as the saying goes. It begins off looking like a fastball, but if thrown properly, it will end up towards the bottom of the plate. To begin, begin your grip in the same manner as you would for a fastball. Then, using your middle and pointer fingers, break the seam of the ball in half. Each finger should be resting on top of the seam on the outside edge of the ball, as shown in the illustration.

Using this method, you will be able to generate the necessary topspin to throw splitters instead of fastballs.

In order to deliver your pitch effectively, keep your elbow high and over your shoulder.

If you release the pitch too soon, it will rise to an unacceptably high level. If you release your product too late, it will fall well short of the mark. To read the rest of my post on throwing the “Splitter,” click here.

Types of Pitches

Trent Mongero’s Winning Baseball is the source for this information. It is recommended that the pitcher learn to command two types of pitches until he is at least fifteen years old: the fastball and the changeup. By the time kids reach high school, they will have done themselves a great service if they can throw both of these pitches for strikes in virtually every count to the hitter. As a result, they have a solid foundation of the two key pitches that they will need to compete and win. It is recommended that they learn to throw a curveball or slider after they reach the age of fifteen or older to help them develop their breaking pitch.

  1. It has been observed that when a high school pitcher attempts to throw more than three pitches, his key pitches tend to lose their efficacy and the pitches all start looking same to the hitter.
  2. It is expected that at this age, a player will be physically strong and possess the proper mechanics to throw fastballs (both two-seam and four-seam), changeups, and some form of breaking pitch, among other things.
  3. If you’re going to throw a pitch, keep in mind that there are several different ways to grasp the baseball.
  4. As soon as they have a strong understanding of the delivery and position of a specific pitch, they can be offered different grip options that will allow them to generate greater movement on the ball.
Fastballs and Changeups

Fastball and Changeup (Winning Baseball) – Watch Video Now! (4 mins.)

Four-Seam Fastball
  • The four-seam fastball is the first pitch that must be learned and perfected
  • It is typically the most straightforward pitch to throw for a strike. When the ball is launched correctly, four laces of the ball twist through the air, aiding in the alignment of the throw with the target. It is recommended that pitchers grasp the baseball with their pointer and middle finger on the upper laces or seams of the baseball. Crossing the seams with your fingers’ pads is a good idea. In order for the thumb to be below the ball, it should be approximately split in half the distance between the top two fingers. Because of this, the ring and pinky fingers sit on each side of the ball to provide equilibrium.
Two-Seam Fastball
  • Following the development of a pitcher’s ability to command a four-seam fastball for a strike, it is time to expose him to a two-seam fastball. In order to fool the batter, some movement will be generated. The fundamental difference between the four-seam fastball and the two-seam fastball is how the laces or seams of the ball are placed in the fingers. It is natural for the ball to go from right to left or left to right when a two-seam fastball is correctly launched. The ball might start in the strike zone but drift out of it by the time it reaches the plate, causing some pitchers to have difficulty controlling it for a strike. Increased movement may be achieved with a two-seam fastball if you hold it just slightly off center or if you modify your thumb placement. You can also hold the ball towards the seams instead of resting your fingers’ pads precisely on the seams.
Circle or OK Changeup
  • A changeup is intended to fool the batter by seeming to be a fastball on release, which is contrary to the name. However, it is just 8 to 12 miles per hour slower than the previous speed. By the time the batter knows that he is seeing a changeup, the pitcher’s fastball motion will have convinced him that he is seeing a fastball
  • However, by the time the batter understands that he is seeing a changeup, he will either swing early and miss, or smash the ball softly to the defense. When using a circular changeup grip, the ball is held deeper in the hand or in the palm of the hand than when using a fastball grip. On one side of the ball, the index finger slides off to one side, and on the other side, the pinky lifts up on the opposing side. This is a feel (touch) pitch, and it can be challenging for certain players to throw a consistent strike with this grip. Don’t attempt to pronate the hand too far forward. Allow the grip and natural pronation of the hand (in which the thumb turns down) to take care of the pitch
  • Otherwise
“C” Changeup: Variation of a Circle Changeup
  • It is possible that players with smaller hands or who are having difficulty with their feel for the circle changeup will find the “C” changeup to be a useful choice. It is recommended that a pitcher aim to hold the baseball similarly to that of a football, with all four fingers aligned opposite the thumb to form the letter “C.” Gripping the ball off-center (when a bit of the ball protrudes out the side of your hand between your thumb and index finger) may help to add movement to your game. With a four-seam or two-seam grip, much like the pitcher would throw his fastball, this pitch is delivered to the batter with little effort. As the player’s hands mature or as he becomes more comfortable with the feel of the pitch, he may progressively move his index finger away from the ball to the thumb side and elevate his pinky to produce his circle change, as seen below.
Curveball and Slider:Caution, 16+ Years Old

Curveball and Slider (Winning Baseball) – Watch Video! (6 mins.)

Curveball (16+ Years Old)
  • Shoulder and elbow strain can be caused by throwing the curveball poorly, which can result in a lot of pain. As a result, this pitch should not be thrown until a player has reached the age of sixteen. An off-speed pitch that breaks more from top to bottom (that is, from 12 o’clock to 6 p.m.), changing visual planes for the hitter from high to low
  • A curveball is a type of pitch that may be used to strike out batters. It is necessary to grab the pitch with the index finger and middle finger side by side while gripping the ball off-centre on the pitch. The fingers lie near the seam that makes the horseshoe, and the thumb rests on the seam on the bottom of the ball that is directly opposite the horseshoe. In its early stages, the curveball is thrown similarly to a fastball until the pitcher’s hand grasping the ball comes close to his head, at which point his fingers will slide to the outside of the ball. As a result, the pitcher will use his pointer and middle fingers to try to slice the batter in half, and then continue down in front of his body and finish by simulating stabbing himself in the thigh of his landing leg (or pulling down the cord of a window shade)
  • This will create the top spin that will pull the ball down as it travels to the plate
  • And
Slider (16+ Years Old)
  • Pitchers should not throw a slider until they are sixteen years old because it puts additional strain on the pitcher’s elbow. While throwing with fastball velocity, the slider has late-breaking diagonal tilt (i.e., from 2 to 7 o’clock, or from 3 to 8 o’clock)
  • Thus, it fools the hitter by possessing fastball velocity while also changing visual planes
  • And finally, it fools the hitter by possessing fastball velocity while also changing visual planes. In a way similar to that of the curveball, the slider is gripped at the seams where the horseshoe comes back together, and it is released in a manner that will produce tight spin (a large number of spins in a short amount of time)
  • In order to bring the ball as near to the release point as possible, a slider is thrown like a fastball. With his index finger and middle finger as his large knuckles, the pitcher will be able to produce the tight spin of a slider without the need of his thumb. With this wrist motion, the majority of the pitch’s velocity is maintained, as well as the ideal late-breaking tilting action that causes batters to swing and miss.
Specific Ideas to Reinforce Pitching Grips

In order to execute throwing drills or play catch, encourage pitchers to alternate between a four-seam grip, a two-seam grip, and a changeup grip as much as they are able. Pitching Drills —Suggest that pitchers implement a four-seam grip, two-seam grip, changeup grip, and curveball grip when executing specific pitching drills. Throwing Long —Encourage pitchers to alternate using a changeup grip with fastball grips when throwing long. This helps players maintain good arm speed with the grip, which is essential to throwing a good changeup.

The receiver of the pitch should try to correctly identify the grip used for every throw.

The difference in ball speed and/or movement should be how the partner determines the grip or type of pitch.

The front foot should be pointed to their partner but slightly closed (ten degrees of less) (ten degrees of less).

The goal of the pitcher is to create consistent upper body positioning and arm action to allow for proper rotation of the ball.

The pitcher should then attempt to slice the batter in half with his pointer and middle fingers, continuing down to simulate stabbing himself in the thigh of his landing leg.

This same drill can be done standing. However, it is best performed from a “post-stride” position. Therefore, the pitcher must take his stride prior to completing the action of the upper body, as he did from the kneeling position.

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