## MLB Baseball Abbreviations Legend

MLB Abbreviations and Symbols

Heading | Explanation | Position | Explanation |

W / L | Wins / Losses | C | Catcher |

ATS | Record Against The Spread | 1B | First Base |

Slug | Slugging Percentage | 2B | Second Base |

Ho | Home record | 3B | Third Base |

Aw | Away Record | SS | Short Stop |

O/U | Over/Under Record | LF | Left Field |

AF | Average Runs For | CF | Center Field |

AA | Average Runs Against | RF | Right Field |

BA | Batting Average | DH | Designated Hitter |

SLG | Slugging Percentage | SP | Starting Pitcher |

HR | Home Runs For | RP | Relief Pitcher |

ERA | Earned Run Average | ||

OBP | On Base Percentage | ||

Home-Away | Home Score – Away Score | ||

H Starter | Home Starter in that particular game | ||

A Starter | Away Starter in that particular game | ||

LOB:R | Left On Base to Runs ratio | ||

OPS | Slugging Percentage + On Base Percentage | ||

AVG | Batting Average for that game | ||

Starter | Team’s Starter for that game | ||

IP | Innings the starter pitched | ||

Opp Starter | Innings the starter pitched | ||

H | Hits Allowed by the starter | ||

R | Runs Allowed by the starter | ||

ER | Earned Runs Allowed by the starter | ||

SO | Strikeouts by the starter | ||

BB | Base on Balls allowed by the starter | ||

PIT | Total Pitches by the starter | ||

P/IP | Pitches divided by the number of Innings Pitched | ||

G/F | Number of Ground Ball outs divided by the Fly Ball outs | ||

OBA | Opposition Batting Average | ||

WHIP | Walks and Hits per Inning Pitched | ||

GB:FB | Ground Ball to Fly Ball Ratio | ||

SB | Stolen Bases | ||

CS | Caught Stealing | ||

SB% | Stolen Base Percentage | ||

QS% | Quality Start Percentage | ||

TWL | Team Win – Team Loss | ||

W/L% | Winning Percentage | ||

vs. R | vs. Right-handed Pitchers | ||

vs. L | vs. Left-handed Pitchers | ||

Start | Starters | ||

Rel | Relievers | ||

R/9 | Runs per nine innings | ||

K | Strikeouts | ||

Doub | Doubles | ||

Trip | Triples | ||

$ | Units Won or Lost | ||

Line | Line for the game | ||

$ Won | Units Won | ||

$ Loss | Units Lost |

## Baseball Position Abbreviations and Numbers

A baseball position list may be extremely useful while studying the game of baseball or when attempting to solve a baseball crossword puzzle clue involving baseball. In baseball, the various player positions are sometimes shortened and replaced with standardized numbers in order to make calling and scoring a game more streamlined and efficient.

## Abbreviations and Numbers for Baseball Field Positions

When a team is at bat, their opponent has nine players on the field to counter their efforts. Each of these players is assigned to a certain position. For the sake of keeping score, each of the major baseball positions is denoted by a conventional number rather than an acronym in the scorebook.

- (1) Pitcher
- Initiates each play by tossing the ball and standing on the pitcher’s mound. The second position is that of the catcher, who crouches behind home plate to collect pitches. 1B (3): First baseman
- He is the player who is closest to first base. 2B(4): Second Baseman
- He is the player who is closest to the second base. 3B (5): Third Baseman
- The player who is closest to third base
- The player who makes the most throws. A shortstop who plays infield between second and third base is designated as a shortstop. The left fielder (7th position) plays on the left side of the outfield. A center fielder is someone who plays in the centre of the outfield. RF (9): Right Fielder
- Plays on the right side of the outfield
- Plays in the middle of the field. IF: Infield
- The rectangular region between the four bases
- Outfield (sometimes known as the “outfield”) is the playing area outside of the bases. SP: Starting Pitcher
- The player who starts the game as the pitcher. MRP (Midst Relief Pitcher) is a pitcher who comes in to relieve the starter in the middle of a game. LRP: Long Reliever Pitcher
- Relieves the starting pitcher if he is forced to leave the game early. CL/CP: Closer/Closing Pitcher
- Comes in for the final innings of a game or a season.

## Abbreviations for Baseball Hitters and Runners

When your team is in the batting order, you’ll send nine players to the plate to take turns swinging at the ball as the game progresses. Batters are put in a precise sequence according on their abilities, and some positions have distinctive titles to distinguish them from one another.

- A designated hitter is a baseball player who is permitted to bat in place of a pitcher in the American League (AL). PH (Pinch Hitter) is an abbreviation for Substitute Batter. PR: Pinch Runner
- A player who comes in to replace another player on the field and runs for them.

## Softball Position Abbreviations

Softball is a modified form of baseball in which a bigger ball is used, fewer innings are played, and the pitcher throws the ball underhand. There are no differences between baseball and softball in terms of acronyms and numbers for the various positions. In certain youth and slow-pitch softball leagues, there is also a position known as the Extra Player, or EP, which is the number 10 position.

## Fantasy Baseball Positions

It’s possible that you’ll come across a few different baseball position acronyms when playing fantasy baseball. These acronyms are frequently followed by a list of positions from which you can pick for that particular position on your squad.

- Corner Infielder
- Any first or third baseman
- CI: Corner Infielder MI: Middle infielder
- Any second baseman or shortstop
- MI: Middle infielder Utility: Any non-pitcher who is not a pitcher.

### Related Articles

- Baseball Stats Abbreviations That Everyone Should Know Being familiar with the meanings of the most basic baseball statistics acronyms may make an already thrilling game much more interesting to watch. If you know the W+S and BS percentages of a relief pitcher, a manager’s choice to replace a pitcher in the 7th inning, for example, means a lot more to you than if you don’t. Continue reading to understand the definitions of significant baseball acronyms, as well as how they impact the effectiveness of a baseball team. Baseball Abbreviations for the Scoreboard and Scorecard Baseball scorecards are used by everyone from Little League umpires to Major League umpires to baseball spectators to keep track of all the activity during a game of baseball. If you want to be able to write or read a baseball scorecard, you’ll need to start by being familiar with all of the standard baseball scorecard acronyms and symbols.

## Baseball Abbreviations

Tony Gwynn had another outstanding season in 1997, with 592 at-bats and 220 strikeouts, and an avg of.372, which was the best in the National League. Which of these abbreviations do all of these letters stand for? The Baseball Almanac is glad to give a standard collection of acronyms that are seen and used in print on a regular basis in the sport of baseball.

## Baseball Stats

Baseball Abbreviations 101Offensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ABBBAVGCS2BGIDP GRSLHBPHHRRHRIBBISO LOB OBPOPSRRBISFSHSSLGSB%SBRSBSOTB3B | At BatsBases on Balls (Walks)Batting AverageCaught StealingDoublesGround into Double Plays Grand SlamsHit by PitchHitsHome Run RatioHome RunsIntentionalBasesonBalls(Walks)Isolated Power Left on Base On-Base PercentageOn-Base Plus SluggingRunsRuns Batted InSacrifice FliesSacrifice Hits (Bunts)SinglesSlugging PercentageStolen Base PercentageStolen Base RunsStolen BasesStrikeoutsTotal BasesTriples |

Pitching Abbreviations for Statistics | |

AOBB BFPBKCBOCGCGLERERAGFGOGOAOGPGSHHBPHRIBBIPIRAIPSLMB9OBAPARRPFRWS/SHOSOSVSVOTBWWP | Fly Outs (Air)Walks (Bases on Balls) Batters Facing PitcherBalksCombined ShutoutComplete GamesComplete Game LossesEarned RunsEarned Run AverageGames FinishedGround OutsGround Outs / Fly Outs RatioGames PlayedGames StartedHitsHit BattersHome RunsIntentional WalksInnings PitchedInherited Runs AllowedInnings Per StartLossesBaserunners Per 9 InningsOpponents’ Batting AveragePlate AppearancesRunsRelief FailuresRelief WinsShutoutsStrikeoutsSavesSave OpportunitiesTotal BasesWinsWild Pitches |

Defensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ACSDPEGPOFAPBPKPOSBTCTP | AssistsCaught StealingDouble PlaysErrorsGames PlayedOutfield AssistsPassed BallsPickoffsPutoutsStolen Bases Total ChancesTriple Plays |

Miscellaneous Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ML SER | Major League Service |

Baseball Stats Abbreviations 101 |

The “common” set has several variations (DO Doubles, TR Triples, etc.), but these are the ones that are regarded “official” and are the ones that are used here at Baseball Almanac, among other places. Did you know that the National Association (a non-official league that gave rise to the National Leagueofficial )’s statistics were destroyed in a fire in the early 1900’s? Major League Baseball organized a Special Baseball Records Committee in the 1960s to examine the irregular records that had been kept previous to the 1920 season.

## Appendix:Baseball terms glossary – Wiktionary

Wiktionary, the free dictionary, has the following definition: Navigate to the next page Jump to the search results

Term | Context | See Also | Meaning |
---|---|---|---|

1 | scoring | P | The scoring notation for thepitcherposition. |

2 | scoring | C | The scoring notation for thecatcherposition. |

3 | scoring | 1B | The scoring notation for thefirst basemanposition. |

4 | scoring | 2B | The scoring notation for thesecond basemanposition. |

5 | scoring | 3B | The scoring notation for thethird basemanposition. |

6 | scoring | SS | The scoring notation for theshortstopposition. |

7 | scoring | LF | The scoring notation for theleft fielderposition. |

8 | scoring | CF | The scoring notation for thecenter fielderposition. |

9 | scoring | RF | The scoring notation for theright fielderposition. |

Term | Context | See Also | Meaning |
---|---|---|---|

1B | statistics | 3 | The statistics notation for thefirst baseman. |

statistics | single | The statistics notation for asingle. | |

2B | statistics | 4 | The statistics notation for thesecond baseman. |

statistics | double | The statistics notation for adouble. | |

3B | statistics | 5 | The statistics notation for thethird baseman. |

statistics | triple | The statistics notation for atriple. | |

A | statistics | assist | The statistics notation for anassist. |

AB | statistics | at bat | The statistics notation forat bats. |

B | statistics | bunt | The statistics notation for abunt. |

BB | statistics | walk,base on balls | The statistics notation for abase on ballsor walk. |

C | statistics | 2 | The statistics notation for thecatcher. |

CF | statistics | 8 | The statistics notation for thecenter fielder. |

DH | statistics | The statistics notation for thedesignated hitter. | |

E | statistics | error | The statistics notation for anerror. |

ER | statistics | earned run | The statistics notation for anearned run. |

ERA | statistics | earned run average | The statistics notation forearned run average. |

F | statistics | fly out | The statistics notation for afly out. |

FC | statistics | fielder’s choice | The statistics notation for afielder’s choice. |

H | statistics | hit | The statistics notation for ahit. |

K | statistics | strikeout | The statistics notation for astrikeout. |

L | statistics | loss | The statistics notation for aloss. |

LF | statistics | 5 | The statistics notation for theleft fielder. |

P | statistics | 1 | The statistics notation for thepitcher. |

PH | statistics | pinch hitter | The statistics notation for apinch hitter. |

PR | statistics | pinch runner | The statistics notation for apinch runner. |

R | statistics | run | The statistics notation for arunscored. |

RF | statistics | 8 | The statistics notation for theright fielder. |

SB | statistics | stolen base,steal | The statistics notation for astolen base. |

SF | statistics | sac fly,sacrifice fly | The statistics notation for asacrifice fly. |

SS | statistics | 6 | The statistics notation for theshortstop. |

SV | statistics | save | The statistics notation for asave. |

W | statistics | win | The statistics notation for awin. |

WP | statistics | wild pitch,passed ball | The statistics notation for awild pitch. |

Term | Context | See Also | Meaning |
---|---|---|---|

around the horn | announcing | After aput outwhen norunnersareon base; theinfieldersthrow the ball from one end to the other, starting with the player who made the out and finally returning theballto thepitcher. | |

catcher | position player | 2,C | The position player on thedefensewho plays behindhome plateand catches thepitches.Part of abattery. |

center fielder | position player | 8,CF | The position player on thedefensewho plays incenter field, anoutfielder. |

designated hitter | batter,American League | DH | The player on theoffensewho bats in place of thepitcherin thebatting order.In Major League baseball this roster position only exists in the American League. |

double header | Twogamesplayed between the same two teams on the same day. | ||

first baseman | position player | 3,1B | The position player on thedefensewho playsfirst base. |

left fielder | position player | 7,LF | The position player on thedefensewho plays inleft field, anoutfielder. |

second baseman | position player | 4,2B | The position player on thedefensewho playssecond base. |

third baseman | position player | 5,3B | The position player on thedefensewho playsthird base. |

pitcher | position player | 1,P | The position player on thedefensewhopitchesthe ball to thebatter. |

right fielder | position player | 9,RF | The position player on thedefensewho plays inright field, anoutfielder. |

shortstop | position player | 6,SS | The position player on thedefensewho plays betweensecond baseandthird base, opposite thesecond baseman. |

position | SS | Theinfieldposition opposite thesecond basemanplayed by the shortstop. |

## Baseball Acronyms – Abbreviations

To be successful in handicap games, you must be familiar with the jargon and abbreviations used in the industry. In the list below, you’ll discover a collection of baseball acronyms that you’re likely to see on stat sheets and in box scores. USE YOUR VISA CARD TO DEPOSIT AT ATSPORTS AND PLACE A BET ON MLB GAMES BETTINGAB:At bats is a good bet. ADP is an abbreviation for Average Draft Position. AL stands for American League. A:Assists Batting average (BA): BA A:Batting average versus the opposition BB:Base on balls is an abbreviation for Base on Balls (walk) BF:Batters were up against it BK:Balk BS:Blown opportunity CG: The game has been completed.

- ERA is an abbreviation for earned run average.
- GB stands for ground ball.
- G/F: The ratio of ground balls to fly balls.
- HP:Home plate is spelled with a capital letter.
- LOB:Left over on the field Major League Baseball (MLB) is a type of baseball played in the United States.
- OF:Outfield OBP is an abbreviation for on base percentage.
- PB: The ball was passed to me.
- R:Run was successful.
- RISK:Runners in scoring position are at risk.
- SHO:Shutout SP: The pitcher who will start the game.

The proportion of SV:SaveSLG:Slugging TB:Total number of bases TC:Total number of possibilities TP:Three-way play WHIP is calculated as follows: walks plus hits divided by the number of innings pitched. Wild pitch is the name of the game. X BH: Base hits in addition to the regular base hits

## A complete beginner’s guide to baseball stats: Pitching statistics, and what they mean

Pitching is a difficult task to master. Using a mix of at least a half-dozen pitches, each with a distinct spin rate and delivered to different positions in the strikezone, pitchers may achieve a range of results. As a result, there is an abundance of statistics that might be confusing to novice baseball fans. We will take a more in-depth look at the more sophisticated statistics later in the week, but for now, we want to make sure that all of the fundamentals are covered. Let’s start with our old buddy the box score and then move on to a few other important pitching statistics to make sure you’re prepared before we go too far into the remainder of the discussion.

ESPN provided the image.

### Pitching Basics

The value in this field shows the number of innings a pitcher pitched in a game. He tossed a whole six innings for Matthew Boyd, who is seen above. It is possible to see the innings pitch reported as 6.1 or 6.2 on occasion. These decimal points tell us how many outs the pitcher had left in the inning at that point. An innings pitched number of 6.11 indicates that a pitcher went six innings and got one batter out in the seventh inning before being relieved by another reliever. Because a third out would bring the inning to a close, you will only see a.1 or a.2.

#### Hits (H), Runs (R), and Earned Runs (ER)

Hits are treated the same way they are for a batter in this situation. Except in the case of errors and fielder’s choice, each time a hitter reaches at least first base. In our batting 101 introduction, we went into further detail about this topic. Running backs are the same as pitchers in that they signify each time the pitcher reaches home plate and scores a run on the pitching mound. It is only possible for pitchers to accumulate earned runs (ER), which signifies that the run scored was a direct result of the batter’s efforts.

Considering that these runs were not scored as a consequence of the batter’s efforts, they are called unearned runs.

For example, Matthew Boyd has 87 runs on his record in 2018, yet only 83 of those runs were earned.

#### Base on balls (BB), strikes (K), and home runs (HR)

All of these statistics are rather self-explanatory. The number of hitters who were walked, also known as base on balls (BB), indicates how many batters were walked by the pitcher. This total will include walks that are done on purpose (IBB). The number of batters that a pitcher struck out throughout the course of the game is indicated by the strikeouts. The number of home runs allowed by the pitcher is referred to as the home run total.

#### Pitch count (PC) and Strikes (ST)

This figure is only available in box scores, but it still provides some valuable insight into how well a pitcher performed in a certain game at the time.

The number of total pitches thrown by a pitcher is known as the pitch count, but the number of strikes is the number of times each of those pitches was designated a strike by the home plate umpire.

### Wins (W) and losses (L)

As we can see from the table above, Matthew Boydis was deemed the losing pitcher in this game. The letters L and 4-8 next to his name show that he suffered a defeat and that his overall season record is four wins and eight defeats. A team’s win or loss is determined by whose pitcher was on the mound for their team at the time their team gained the advantage. Alternatively, which pitcher was on the mound when the lead in the game was surrendered. For a better understanding, let’s take a look at the Rays’ side of the box score.

- Because he was pitching during the Rays’ five-run third inning, Jose Alvarado earned the honor of being named the game’s most valuable pitcher.
- Asave is represented by the ” S ” in brackets beneath Sergio Romo’s name on the team’s roster.
- Not every game comes to a close with a saving scenario.
- In the first inning, Romo entered the game with a three-run lead, which put the game in a save situation.
- Similarly, if Romo entered the game with the bases loaded with the final run on deck or at the plate, it would be deemed a successful save.
- When a middle reliever enters the game with his side leading and does not allow a tying or advancing run before passing the ball over to another pitcher, he is awarded a hold on the game.
- When it comes to player statistics, holds are rarely kept, although they are frequently indicated in a box score, sometimes with the abbreviationHLD.
- Take, for example, the 2018 National League Cy Young Award winner, who played in 32 games but only won ten of them.

### Pitching Averages

It is one of those statistics where the lower the earned run average, the more effective a pitching staff is. The earned run average (ERA) of a pitcher is derived by dividing the number of earned runs allowed (ER) by the number of innings pitched (IP) multiplied by nine (the traditional inning length of a game). As previously stated, unearned runs are not included in this calculation, which results in a more true representation of a pitcher’s success. Although the earned run average (ERA) is perhaps one of the most often utilized pitcher numbers, it is no longer considered to be the most accurate indication of a pitcher’s true skill as it once was.

Below are two examples of other commonly used pitching metrics that some say provide a more accurate assessment of pitcher quality than the ones listed above.

#### Field Independent Pitching (FIP)

A pitcher’s performance is evaluated based on his or her ability to throw without being influenced by the team’s defense. Field independent pitching attempts to remove defensive fielding factors from a pitcher’s overall performance in order to more accurately represent a pitcher’s true value when evaluated without regard to the team defense. The FIP measures elements that are under the control of the pitcher, including as strikes, walks, hit by pitches, and home runs. FIP is a useful statistic since it is represented by a figure that is virtually equal to ERA but is a more accurate measure of a pitcher’s overall performance than ERA.

While Michael Fulmer had a 4.69 earned run average and a 4.52 fielding percentage average, his genuine results as a pitcher were slightly better than his earned run average would imply.

FIP (Fielding Independent Pitching) is not a perfect measure of pitcher quality, but it is a more accurate representation of a pitcher’s individual talent than the earned run average (ERA).

#### Adjusted ERA (ERA+)

OPS+ is a similar concept. The adjusted ERA aims to account for a pitcher’s home ballpark while calculating his or her overall ERA (which can be beneficial to pitchers who work in a hitter-friendly park, and negatively impact pitchers in a pitcher-friendly park). Similarly to OPS+, the league average is set at 100, and whatever amount a pitcher gets in excess of that figure represents their percentage improvement over the league mean. Despite only having 10 victories, Jacob deGrom had an ERA+ of 216, which meant that he was 116 percent better than the league average in terms of performance.

In this case, the formula is as follows: Thanks to Wikipedia for this image.

#### Walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP)

You have to like a statistic whose name is so descriptive that you know precisely what to expect. Walks plus hits per inning thrown is exactly what it sounds like: it’s a formula that calculates the amount of baserunners that a pitcher allows each inning of work. The lower a pitcher’s WHIP, the fewer baserunners he or she allows on the field. The WHIP is computed by adding up all of the hits and walks and dividing the total by the number of innings pitched. A WHIP of less than 1.000 is regarded extraordinary for a season’s worth of work.

Justin Verlander finished with a 0.902 ERA (the lowest WHIP in his entire career).

OBP and WHIP are almost diametrically opposed metrics, in that the lower a pitcher’s WHIP is, the less batters are able to reach base against him.

Was that a tad too much math for you? To be quite honest, this is also true for me. In the event that this has piqued your interest and you want to learn more about pitching data, we will be performing an advanced pitching analysis later in the week.

## Baseball statistics – BR Bullpen

Baseball statistics are extremely essential, probably more so than in any other sport. Because the game of baseball has a fairly ordered flow to it, it lends itself to easy record keeping and statistical analysis, which is advantageous. As a result, it is extremely simple to create comparisons between players’ on-field performances, and as a result, baseball statistics are given greater prominence than they are in most other sports.

## Development of statistics

Henry Chadwick established the tradition of maintaining records of the players’ accomplishments in the 19th century, and it has continued ever since. Based on his cricketing expertise, Chadwick established the precursors of modern-day statistics such as batting average, runs scored, and runs allowed, among other things. The statistical world of baseball has traditionally been dominated by statistics such as hitters’ batting average (the number of hits divided by the number of at bats) and pitchers’ earned run average (roughly the number of runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings).

These statistics are intended to provide a more accurate representation of a player’s overall performance and contribution to his team from year to year.

In 1969, MacMillan Publishing published the firstBaseball Encyclopedia, which was the first publication to use a computer to gather statistics for the sport.

Interestingly, this research resulted in the identification of a number of players who did not appear in the official record books.

## Use of statistics

Player statistics are studied by general managers and baseball scouts in order to make conclusions about the skills of individual players. Managers, catchers, and pitchers research the statistics of opposing teams’ batters in order to determine the best way to pitch to them and place the players on the field in order to win the game. Managers and hitters research opposing pitchers in order to find out how to hit them the most effectively. Management makes personnel choices during games, such as who to start in the lineup and which relief pitcher to bring in, on the basis of statistical data collected throughout the game.

- The most frequently mentioned batting statistics are batting average, runs batted in, and home runs.
- For pitchers, wins, earned run average, and strikeouts are the classic statistics that are most frequently referenced.
- Some sabermetric data have made their way into the mainstream of baseball.
- It is calculated by multiplying the hitter’s base percentage (the number of times he or she reached base—by any means—divided by the total number of plate appearances) by the hitter’s slugging percentage (total basesdivided by at bats).
- The batting average of a pitcher is also significant in measuring his or her degree of success.
- A pitcher’s statistics may be broken down into several categories, the most important of which are K/9IP (strikeouts per nine innings), K/BB (strikeouts per walk), HR/9, WHIP (walks plus hits per inning thrown), and OOPS (opponent on-base plus slugging).
- In the case of pitchers, these statistics, such as the Defense-Independent ERA (dERA), make an attempt to evaluate a pitcher on the basis of events that are completely influenced by the pitcher’s performance and not by the strength of the defensive players behind him or her.
- An experienced manager may be more inclined to give a given batter more opportunities to face left-handed pitchers because of the hitter’s ability to hit left-handed pitchers.

Depending on the pitcher (or vice versa), other batters may have a track record of success against that pitcher, and the manager can utilize this knowledge to construct a beneficial matchup.

## Commonly used statistics

The majority of these words are also applicable to softball. Several commonly used statistics, as well as their acronyms, are described in this section. In order to provide a fast reference, the explanations below do not fully or totally describe the statistic; for a more thorough definition, please go to the related article for each statistic.

### Batting statistics

- A single hit that allows the batter to safely reach first base without the assistance of a fielding mistake is designated as 1B. 2B -Double-hits in which the hitter successfully advances to second base without the assistance of a fielding mistake
- 3B -Triple-hits in which the hitter successfully advances to third base without the assistance of a fielding error
- The term “at bat” refers to a batting appearance, which does not include bases-on-balls, balls hit by pitches, sacrifices, interference, or obstruction. At bats per home run (AB/HR) is the sum of at bats divided by the number of home runs. BA – Batting average (often abbreviated AVG) – the number of hits divided by the number of at bats The term “base on balls” refers to a situation in which a batter receives four balls and advances to first base. Walking to strikeout ratio (BB/K) is the number of base on balls divided by the number of outs in a game. Extra base hits (doubles, triples, and home runs) are referred to as XBH. FC (Fielder’s Choice) refers to situations when a runner reaches base after a fielder has decided to try to force an out on another runner. Number of ground balls out divided by the number of fly ball outs is known as AO/GO (Ground Ball Fly Ball Ratio). Number of ground balls that were hit and turned into double plays (also known as GDP or GiDP)
- When a home run is hit with the bases loaded, four runs are scored and four RBIs are recorded to the batter, this is known as a Grand Slam. Batted fair ball with no errors by the defense resulted in a hit, which allowed the batter to advance to second base. HBP (hit by pitch) refers to instances in which a pitch is touched and the batter is given first base as a consequence. Home runs are defined as hits on which the hitter successfully touches all four bases without the benefit of a defensive mistake. IBB stands for “intentional base on balls.” A base on balls (see BB above) is a base on balls that is intentionally thrown by the pitcher. IW (intentional walk) is another term for this activity. Number of times a strike three is taken or swung at and missed or a bunted foul is committed is denoted by the letter K. LOB (Left on Base) refers to the number of runners who are not out and have not scored at the end of an inning. OBP (On Base Percentage) is calculated by dividing the number of times a player has reached base (H + BB + HBP) by the total number of at bats plus walks plus hit by pitch plus sacrifice flies (AB + BB + HBP + SF). On-base plus slugging (OPS) is the sum of the on-base percentage and the slugging average. PA -Plate appearance – is the total number of completed batting appearances in a season. It is possible to assess how many runs a player has contributed to his team using the RC (Runs generated) statistic. In baseball, the term “run batted in” refers to the number of runners who have scored as the result of a hitter’s action, with the exception of when the batter grounds into a double play or reaches on an error. Sacrifice fly (SF) – the number of fly ball outs that allow another runner to advance on the basepaths or score a run
- Number of sacrifice bunts that have been made to allow another runner to advance on the basepaths or score
- SH -Sacrifice hit – SLG (slugging average) is the sum of all bases divided by the number of at-bats. To calculate total average, divide total bases plus walks plus steals by the number of plate appearances plus the number of times a player is caught stealing. T – Total bases: one for each single, two for each double, three for each triple, and four for each home run
- TB = Total bases
- TOB (Times on Base) refers to the number of times a player has reached base as a consequence of hits, walks, or being hit by a pitch.

### Baserunning statistics

- If someone is caught stealing, they are tagged out for a certain amount of time. Number of bases advanced other than through batted balls, walks, or hits by pitch
- SB -Stolen base R – Runscored – times when the player returned to home base legally and safely
- R – Runscored – times when the player returned to home base illegally and safely
- R – Runsscored – times when the player returned to home base illegally and safely
- R – Run

### Pitching statistics

- BABIP (Batting Average on Balls in Play) is a batting average against a pitcher on batted balls that end a plate appearance, excluding home runs, that is calculated after a plate appearance. BB is an abbreviation for “base on balls” (also called a “walk”) times throwing four balls, allowing the batter-runner to make it to first base on four different occasions In baseball, BB/9 is defined as the number of base on balls multiplied by nine and divided by the number of innings pitched (bases on balls for every nine innings pitched). BF – total batters faced – the total number of plate appearances made by the opponent In baseball, BK stands for the number of times a pitcher executes an unlawful throwing motion or other illegal activity while in contact with the pitching rubber, resulting in baserunners moving forward. Number of times a player has entered the game in a save position and then been charged with a run that ties the game
- BS -Blown save- CERA is an acronym that stands for Component In baseball, the term “earned run average” (ERA) refers to an estimate of a pitcher’s ERA based on the separate components of his statistical line (Ks, H, 2B, 3B, HR, BB, HBP)
- CG -Complete game – the number of games in which a player was the lone pitcher for his side
- A player’s CG -Complete game – DICE (Defense-Independent Component) is an acronym that stands for Defense-Independent Component. the estimated earned run average (ERA) of a pitcher based on the components of his statistical line that are not reliant on defense (K, HR, BB, HBP)
- In baseball, earned runs are the number of runs that are not scored as a consequence of mistakes or passed balls. ERA (earned run average) is calculated as follows: earned runs multiplied by the number of innings in a game (typically nine) divided by the number of innings pitched
- G -Games thrown (also known as’Appearances ‘) – the number of times a pitcher throws a pitch in a season. The number of games pitched in which the player was the last pitcher for his club is denoted by the letter GF (Games completed). Ground ball to fly ball ratio (G/F) is the number of ground balls permitted divided by the number of fly balls allowed. A player’s number of games pitched when he was the first pitcher for his team is denoted by the letter GS. H/9 -Hits per nine innings – Hits allowed multiplied by nine divided by the number of innings pitched (also known as H/9IP -Hits allowed per nine innings pitched)
- H/9IP -Hits allowed per nine innings pitched H -Hits Allowed – total number of hits permitted
- HB -Hit batsman – refers to a hitter who has been hit by a pitch, allowing the runner to reach first base. HLD (or H) -Hold- is the number of games in which a save situation has been entered, where the save situation has been abandoned, where at least one out has been recorded, and where the lead has not been relinquished
- HR -Home runs permitted – total number of home runs permitted It is permissible to use intentional base on balls (IBB). It stands for inherited runners, which is the amount of runners on base when the pitcher comes into the game. IRA (Inherited Runs Allowed) is the maximum number of inherited runners that can score. Innings pitched is the product of the number of outs recorded while pitching multiplied by three. Innings pitched per game (IP/GS) is the average number of innings pitched each game. K – Strikeout – the number of hitters that were hit with a third strike
- AKA K/9 (Strikeouts per nine innings) is calculated by multiplying the number of strikeouts by nine and dividing the number of innings pitched (Strikeouts per nine innings pitched). A ratio of strikeouts to walks is calculated by dividing the number of strikeouts by the number of base on balls. Winning percentage of games in which pitcher was pitching when the opposition side gained an early lead, never relinquished control of the lead, and went on to win
- Opponents batting average (OBA) is calculated by dividing the number of hits allowed by the number of at-bats faced. PITCH COUNT – Number of pitches thrown (Pitch Count)
- RA (Run Average) is the product of the number of runs allowed multiplied by nine and divided by the number of innings pitched. Running against the average is a sabermetric statistic that may be used to forecast victory %. SO – Shutout – the amount of complete games thrown without allowing a single run
- A pitcher’s save is the number of games in which a pitcher enters a game with a lead held by the pitcher’s team and exits that game with no loss of the lead, is not the winning pitcher, and either (a) the lead was three runs or less when the pitcher entered the game
- (b) the potential tying run was on base or at bat
- Or (c) the pitcher pitched three or more innings. In games when a pitcher was pitching while his team gained the lead and went on to win (also known as winning percentage), W represents the number of games won. When a pitch is thrown too high, too low, or too wide of home plate for the catcher to field, a wild pitch charge is applied, enabling one or more runners to advance or score.

### Fielding statistics

- It is possible to record the number of outs on a play in which a fielder touches the ball, save if such touching is for a putout, as a “Assist.” One for each double play in which the fielder recorded a putout or an assist, and one for each double play in which the fielder recorded an assist
- DP -Double plays Number of times a fielder fails to make a play that he should have made with reasonable effort, and the offense gains as a result of this failure
- To calculate fielding percentage, divide the total number of plays (chances less mistakes) by the total number of opportunities. INN -Innnings – the number of innings that a player spends in a specific position on the field When the ball is dropped and one or more runners advance, the catcher is charged with a passed ball (also known as a passed ball charge). Number of times a fielder tags, forces, or appeals a runner and the runner is subsequently thrown out
- PO – Putout Ranging factor (*9) divided by the number of innings played. When determining how much field a player can cover, this is taken into consideration. Stolen bases (also known as stolen bases) refer to the number of times a runner advances on a pitch without being caught by the catcher. TC stands for total chances, which includes assists, putouts, and mistakes. Each triple play during which the fielder recorded a putout or an assist is denoted by the letters TP (triple play).

### General statistics

- G -Games played – the total number of games in which the player participated in full or in part

## Further Reading

- Baseball, Statistics, and the Role of Chance in the Game by Jim Albert and Jay Bennett was published by Copernicus Books in New York in 2001 with the ISBN 978-0387988160
- Jim Albert and Jay Bennett’s Curve Ball is available on Amazon.com for $9.99. Jim Albert: Teaching Statistics Using Baseball, 2nd edition, Mathematical Association of America Press, Providence, RI, 2017.ISBN 978-1-93951-216-1
- Gabriel B. Costa, Michael R. Huber, and John T. Saccoman: Understanding Sabermetrics: An Introduction to the Science of Baseball Statistics, 2nd edition, Mathematical Association of America Press, Providence, RI, 2017.ISBN 978-1-93951-216-1
- Jim Albert: Teaching Statistics Using Baseball McFarland & Company, Jefferson, North Carolina, 2008
- William Darby: Deconstructing Major League Baseball, 1991-2004: How Statistics Illuminate Individual and Team Performances, McFarland & Company, Jefferson, North Carolina, 2008. McFarland & Company, Jefferson, North Carolina, 2006. Steve Gardner (interviewer): “According to Gary Gillette and Lyle Spatz: “Not chiseled in stone. A guide to advanced baseball statistics like as WAR, BABIP, FIP, and more”, USA Today, July 17, 2019. Baseball’s Enduring Records and the SABR Era”, The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 2 (Fall 2011), pp. 7-11
- Glenn Guzzo, “The New Ballgame: Understanding Baseball Statistics for the Casual Fan,” ACTA Sports, Skokie, IL, 2007
- Bill James, “Stats in Baseball,” The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 2 (Fall 2011), pp. 7-11
- Bill James, “Stats “Kevin Reavy and Ryan Spaeder:Is Baseball a Simple Game?, in: Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns:Baseball: an Illustrated History, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, 1994, pp. 101-103
- Keith Law:Smart Baseball: The Story Behind the Old Stats That Are Ruining the Game, the New Stats That Are Running It, and the Right Way to Think About Baseball, HarperCollins, New York, NY, 2017.

Some or all of the information in this article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, which you can read more about here. “Baseball statistics” is taken from the Wikipedia page “Baseball statistics.”

## GameChanger Baseball and Softball Analytics Report: The 3 Stats Every Player, Coach Should Utilize to Improve Performance

NEW YORK, Feb. 11, 2016 /PRNewswire/ – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has released a new report. Earlier today, GameChanger, the pioneer in pro-style metrics and live game updates for amateur sports, released its first annual study, “Redefining Success,” which examined player statistics at the national and state levels, as well as in each individual state. In the wake of an analysis of over 1 billion pitches, 300 million at-bats, and 7 million games scored, GameChanger has identified three “process-based” metrics – first pitch strike percentage (FPS percent), hard hit balls (HHB), and quality at-bats (QAB) – that coaches can employ in order to redefine player success while also improving player development and safety.

- While these statistics are entertaining to follow and serve to glamorize the game, there are more effective ways to evaluate a player’s influence and assist them in improving “Ted Sullivan, co-founder and CEO of GameChanger, shared his thoughts.
- Make the First Pitch Count – Make the first pitch count.
- When pitchers throw a strike as the opening pitch of an at-bat, they have a far better chance of getting the job done.
- According to the findings of the study, the national average for FPS percent is 58 percentage points.
- According to the study, lead-off walks result in a run being scored 46 percent of the time, further emphasizing the significance of first pitch strikes and pitchers getting ahead of the batters.
- Increasing the Hard Hit Ball Percentage is beneficial for batters since it boosts both batting averages and Slugging percentages.
- Those that have a high HHB percentage of 10% or more have an average batting average of.297.

When the HHB percent is increased from 10 to 25 percent, slugging percentages increase dramatically, rising from.348 to.470.

Win Each Battle at the Plate – And your side will finally triumph on the scoreboard as a result of their efforts.

The majority of the time, teams with 12 or more quality at-bats throughout a game win at least 60% of the time, but a team with just 6 excellent at-bats loses half of its chances of winning.

The good news for your players is that they can concentrate on their process and execution – and that the outcomes will follow as a result of their efforts.

Conceptualization of the Methodology – The GameChanger platform was used to collect data from more than 1 billion pitches, 300 million at-bats, and 7 million games scored by baseball and softball players between the ages of 8 and 18.

GameChanger, which is available on the iPhone, iPad, and the web, delivers real-time updates, analytics, and insights for local amateur baseball, softball, and basketball games in real time.

GameChanger allows fans to follow their favorite teams in real time. In 2015, more than 100,000 teams from throughout the country used GameChanger, according to the company. SOURCE GameChanger

#### Related Links

The 11th of July, 2016 With the 2016 All-Star break about to begin this week, all eyes will be on the top players in Major League Baseball. Regardless of the sport, the “All-Stars” are the players who appear on the highlight reels, are the cream of the crop, and are frequently the wealthiest sportsmen in the world. This year’s All-Star Week will include a number of competitions, including the traditional Home Run Derby, which will take place in San Diego. We hear the word “home run” used outside of sports on a daily basis as a metaphor to describe a significant victory, success, or other gratifying development.

We frequently allude to sports language when discussing excellent coverage, such as a product launch placement or a well-written byline hit.

What exactly is a home run?

In the field of public relations, the results of a well-placed piece of coverage are frequently the same: additional leads for the client’s sales team, the attention of an illusive venture capitalist, or a recruitment tool for a new boss.

Each company and individual with whom we deal has their own notion of what constitutes a PR home run.

When we meet with a new client that is interested in working with our agency, this is one of the first things we ask.

At the end of the day, it is our responsibility to ensure that our partners and their stories have the best chance of success.

Some news stories have a greater chance of going far than others, and not every hit is going to be a home run for the team.

They are used to introduce a new customer to a journalist, allowing the connection to be warmed up in preparation for a larger hit in a later inning.

Just look at the Kansas City Royals.

We’ll find a method to score winning runs for your squad, no matter what it takes. Image courtesy of foxsports.com. Image courtesy of www.bleacherreport.com