Major League Baseball
HomeSportsRecreationBaseball Organization for sports in North America Alternative titles include: MLB A professional baseball organization in North America that was founded in 1903 by the merger of the National League (NL) and the American League (AL), the National League (NL) and the American League (AL) were the first two professional baseball organizations in the United States (AL). From their inception in the nineteenth century, both theNL and theAL operated as autonomous organizations. Before their merger, the American League and the National League fought in what was known as the “baseball war,” in which the AL’s clubs advanced into the established NL territory of the East Coast and lured great players away from NL squads in the years leading up to the merger.
The World Series was the first major sporting event to be held in the United States.
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Major League Baseball’s teams are organized into the following groups: League of the United States The American League is a professional baseball league based in the United States.
World Series results
The results of the World Series are listed in the table.
|year||winning team||losing team||results|
|*AL—American League. NL—National League.|
|**One tied game.|
|1903||Boston Americans (AL)||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||5–3|
|1905||New York Giants (NL)||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||4–1|
|1906||Chicago White Sox (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–2|
|1907**||Chicago Cubs (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–0|
|1908||Chicago Cubs (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–1|
|1909||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–3|
|1910||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–1|
|1911||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1912**||Boston Red Sox (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–3|
|1913||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–1|
|1914||Boston Braves (NL)||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||4–0|
|1915||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–1|
|1916||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Brooklyn Robins (NL)||4–1|
|1917||Chicago White Sox (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1918||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–2|
|1919||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||Chicago White Sox (AL)||5–3|
|1920||Cleveland Indians (AL)||Brooklyn Robins (NL)||5–2|
|1921||New York Giants (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||5–3|
|1922**||New York Giants (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–0|
|1923||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1924||Washington Senators (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–3|
|1925||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||Washington Senators (AL)||4–3|
|1926||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1927||New York Yankees (AL)||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||4–0|
|1928||New York Yankees (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–0|
|1929||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–1|
|1930||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–2|
|1931||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||4–3|
|1932||New York Yankees (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–0|
|1933||New York Giants (NL)||Washington Senators (AL)||4–1|
|1934||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–3|
|1935||Detroit Tigers (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–2|
|1936||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1937||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–1|
|1938||New York Yankees (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–0|
|1939||New York Yankees (AL)||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||4–0|
|1940||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–3|
|1941||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–1|
|1942||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–1|
|1943||New York Yankees (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–1|
|1944||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||St. Louis Browns (AL)||4–2|
|1945||Detroit Tigers (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–3|
|1946||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Boston Red Sox (AL)||4–3|
|1947||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–3|
|1948||Cleveland Indians (AL)||Boston Braves (NL)||4–2|
|1949||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–1|
|1950||New York Yankees (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–0|
|1951||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1952||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–3|
|1953||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–2|
|1954||New York Giants (NL)||Cleveland Indians (AL)||4–0|
|1955||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1956||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–3|
|1957||Milwaukee Braves (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1958||New York Yankees (AL)||Milwaukee Braves (NL)||4–3|
|1959||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||Chicago White Sox (AL)||4–2|
|1960||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1961||New York Yankees (AL)||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||4–1|
|1962||New York Yankees (AL)||San Francisco Giants (NL)||4–3|
|1963||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–0|
|1964||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1965||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||Minnesota Twins (AL)||4–3|
|1966||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–0|
|1967||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Boston Red Sox (AL)||4–3|
|1968||Detroit Tigers (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–3|
|1969||New York Mets (NL)||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||4–1|
|1970||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||4–1|
|1971||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||4–3|
|1972||Oakland Athletics (AL)||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||4–3|
|1973||Oakland Athletics (AL)||New York Mets (NL)||4–3|
|1974||Oakland Athletics (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–1|
|1975||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||Boston Red Sox (AL)||4–3|
|1976||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–0|
|1977||New York Yankees (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–2|
|1978||New York Yankees (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–2|
|1979||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||4–3|
|1980||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||Kansas City Royals (AL)||4–2|
|1981||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–2|
|1982||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Milwaukee Brewers (AL)||4–3|
|1983||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–1|
|1984||Detroit Tigers (AL)||San Diego Padres (NL)||4–1|
|1985||Kansas City Royals (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–3|
|1986||New York Mets (NL)||Boston Red Sox (AL)||4–3|
|1987||Minnesota Twins (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–3|
|1988||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||Oakland Athletics (AL)||4–1|
|1989||Oakland Athletics (AL)||San Francisco Giants (NL)||4–0|
|1990||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||Oakland Athletics (AL)||4–0|
|1991||Minnesota Twins (AL)||Atlanta Braves (NL)||4–3|
|1992||Toronto Blue Jays (AL)||Atlanta Braves (NL)||4–2|
|1993||Toronto Blue Jays (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–2|
|1995||Atlanta Braves (NL)||Cleveland Indians (AL)||4–2|
|1996||New York Yankees (AL)||Atlanta Braves (NL)||4–2|
|1997||Florida Marlins (NL)||Cleveland Indians (AL)||4–3|
|1998||New York Yankees (AL)||San Diego Padres (NL)||4–0|
|1999||New York Yankees (AL)||Atlanta Braves (NL)||4–0|
|2000||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Mets (NL)||4–1|
|2001||Arizona Diamondbacks (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|2002||Anaheim Angels (AL)||San Francisco Giants (NL)||4–3|
|2003||Florida Marlins (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–2|
|2004||Boston Red Sox (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–0|
|2005||Chicago White Sox (AL)||Houston Astros (NL)||4–0|
|2006||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–1|
|2007||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Colorado Rockies (NL)||4–0|
|2008||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||Tampa Bay Rays (AL)||4–1|
|2009||New York Yankees (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–2|
|2010||San Francisco Giants (NL)||Texas Rangers (AL)||4–1|
|2011||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Texas Rangers (AL)||4–3|
|2012||San Francisco Giants (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–0|
|2013||Boston Red Sox (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–2|
|2014||San Francisco Giants (NL)||Kansas City Royals (AL)||4–3|
|2015||Kansas City Royals (AL)||New York Mets (NL)||4–1|
|2016||Chicago Cubs (NL)||Cleveland Indians (AL)||4–3|
|2017||Houston Astros (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–3|
|2018||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–1|
|2019||Washington Nationals (NL)||Houston Astros (AL)||4–3|
|2020||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||Tampa Bay Rays (AL)||4–2|
|2021||Atlanta Braves (NL)||Houston Astros (AL)||4–2|
Adam Augustyn is a fictional character created by author Adam Augustyn.
National League of baseball is founded
A new professional baseball league is born on February 2, 1876, when the National League of Professional Baseball Clubs (later known as the National League (NL)) is established. When the American League (AL) was formed in 1901, it hosted the first World Series, which took place in 1903, marking the beginning of the modern era. The first formal game of baseball in the United States was played in Hoboken, New Jersey, in June 1846, according to historical records. The Cincinnati Red Stockings were the first professional baseball team in the United States when they were founded in 1869.
- Chicago industrialist William Hulbert founded the National League of Professional Baseball Clubs in 1876 to take over for the National Association, which he considered to be disorganized and unscrupulous.
- The Boston Red Stockings (now the Atlanta Braves) joined the league in 1893.
- Louis Brown Stockings joined the league in 1894.
- With the introduction of the World Series in 1903, the top team from each league began playing against each other in a single tournament.
- That changed in 1962 when the New York Mets and the Houston Colt.45s (later known as the Houston Astros) became members.
- (now the Washington Nationals).
- Colorado’s Rocky Mountains and Florida’s Everglades The Florida Marlins joined the National League in 1993, and the Arizona Diamondbacks joined the league in 1998.
Major League Baseball introduced inter-league play in 1997, in which each National League team competed in a set of regular-season games against an opposing American League team from the same division.
One significant difference between the two leagues remains, however: the American League’s 1973 adoption of the designated hitter rule, which enabled clubs to swap another batter in the lineup for the pitcher, who was notoriously bad at hitting, continues to exist.
During the winter of 1968, Saigon, South Vietnam, was a confusing and violent place to be.
click here to find out more The Grand Central Terminal in New York City opens its doors for the first time on February 2, 1913.
Despite the fact that the station has been upgraded.
He was 46 at the time of his death, which occurred on February 2, 2014.
Amin, who has been in charge of the Ugandan army and air force since 1966, seized control of the country while Obote was away.
On June 22, 1941, Nazi Germany began a major invasion of the Soviet Union, in violation of the conditions of the Nazi-Soviet Pact of 1939, which had been signed in 1938.
click here to find out more Details of ABSCAM, an FBI effort to find political corruption in the government, are made public on February 2, 1980.
Thirty-one public officials, including Representative John Murphy of New York and five other members of Congress, were targeted for inquiry.
On this particular day, according to folklore, if a groundhog comes out of its hole and sees its shadow, it becomes alarmed and returns to his or her burrow.
In support of Operation Ranch Hand, a technical area-denial tactic aimed to reveal the roads and trails utilized by the Viet Cong, the aircraft took part in a training exercise.
The Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo increased the size of the United States’ territory by 525,000 square miles, which included the region that would eventually become the states of.
The Russian Empire, which was expanding and had a long Pacific coastline, was in many respects well-positioned to play a prominent role in the settlement and development of the New World.
His father, a jovial ne’er-do-well, will become bankrupt at some point in the future.
He was a smart scholar who had to learn Dano-Norwegian in order to be able to read.
To the rest of the world, he was known as Sid Vicious, former bassist of the band Screaming For Vengeance.
The tragic journey west resulted in the deaths of 42 individuals and the transformation of many survivors into cannibals.
The body of film director William Desmond Taylor is discovered in his Los Angeles bungalow, according to the authorities.
As soon as he arrived, they discovered actors, actresses, and studio executives searching through the trash.
Truman was invited to attend a conference in Russia by Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, but Secretary of State Dean Acheson dismisses the invitation as a “political move.” This fairly strange dialogue served as more proof of the diplomatic nature of the situation. click here to find out more
Pro baseball began in Cincinnati in 1869
On May 4, the Cincinnati Reds took on the Great Western Base Ball Club of Cincinnati, which was the Reds’ first NABBP opponent. Earlier that morning, the Cincinnati Daily Enquire reported that “both clubs would send out the entirety of their opening nines, and a highly exciting game may be anticipated.” Although it is unclear how much interest there was in the game, the Red Stockings were dominant, defeating their crosstown rivals 45-9. They followed it up with an 86-8 thrashing over the Kekionga club from Fort Wayne, Indiana.
- The team from Cincinnati was victorious by a score of 4-2 in the final game.
- To conclude the Red Stockings’ last NABBP encounter of the season, the Mutual team traveled to Cincinnati on November 6.
- Wright’s team finished the season with a perfect 57-0 record against NABBP opponents, and they added seven more victories for a total of 64-0 record overall.
- On June 14, the Red Stockings traveled to the Capitoline Grounds, which is the home of Brooklyn’s Atlantic club, where they collected 24 victories in as many decisions.
- The Reds scored two in the top of the 11th inning, but the Atlantic League team rallied three runs in the bottom half of the inning to take the victory when George Zettlein drove in Bob Ferguson.
- Eleven innings have been completed.
The following is how the newspaper reported the drama around the game: Excitement was palpable from the start to the finish, with the silence at times being so deafening that one could hear the players’ suppressed breathing, and the massive crowd, at various points during the game – a study of the game will reveal when this occurred – erupting in the most raucous cheering ever heard on a baseball field.
- Almost all of our nine players performed admirably, but they were defeated squarely and fairly, with just two or three of them falling short of their high standards.
- The Cincinnati club’s board of directors decided not to field a team for the 1871 season in November 1870, citing the high expense of paying professionals as the reason.
- Other Cincinnati Red Stockings were able to find new homes with other teams as well.
- While the Bostonians were unsuccessful in their initial season, they went on to win four consecutive league titles (1872-1875) before becoming a member of the National League.
- Several members of the squad would go on to join the Atlanta Braves, a baseball franchise that is still in existence today.
- While salaries have increased dramatically since the inception of professional baseball, the fundamentals of the game have remained mostly same, and local pride in a team, such as that felt by Cincinnatians for the city’s former Red Stockings, is as strong as it has ever been.
Matt Rothenberg is a writer based in Ossining, New York, who works as a freelancer.
10 Oldest Baseball Teams in America
Despite the fact that baseball is played in a number of nations throughout the world today, it is generally considered an American sport, and it is even referred to as “America’s Passtime.” While the sport’s origins may be traced back to two English sports, rounders and cricket, the foundation for contemporary baseball was laid down in the United States around the mid-19th century. It was as a result of these factors that some of the world’s oldest baseball teams were created in the United States throughout the late 1800s and early 1900s.
10. Minnesota Twins
The year 1901 was the year of establishment. Baseball’s first season began in 1901. Washington Senators/Nationals were the team’s previous name(s). The Washington Senators baseball team, which is now known as the Minnesota Twins, was established in 1901. A new franchise in Washington, D.C. was required when the newly founded American League relocated from Kansas City to the nation’s capital. The Senators were the team’s original moniker until it was renamed to the Nationals in 1905, although the two names were sometimes used interchangeably.
Paul and Minneapolis).
The Twins experienced another period of success in the late 1980s and early 1990s, winning two World Series championships in 1987 and 1991, respectively.
9. Oakland Athletics
The year 1901 was the year of establishment. Baseball’s first season began in 1901. Philadelphia Athletics; Kansas City Athletics were the team’s previous names. The Oakland Athletics were formerly known as the Philadelphia Athletics, who were founded in 1901 when the Western League was reconstituted as the American League, the second major league after the National League. The Philadelphia Athletics were the first team to play in the American League. Six American League pennants were won by this squad throughout its first decade in the league’s first season.
Next a little more than a decade in Kansas City, the Athletics relocated to Oakland, California the following year.
8. Los Angeles Dodgers
Year the company was founded: 1883 Baseball’s first season began in 1884. Prior team name(s): Brooklyn Atlantics, Brooklyn Grays, Brooklyn Bridegrooms, Brooklyn Grooms, Brooklyn Superbas, Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers, Brooklyn Robins, Brooklyn Dodgers, Brooklyn Braves, Brooklyn Braves, Brooklyn Braves, Brooklyn Braves The Brooklyn Grays were a minor-league baseball club affiliated with the Inter-State Association of Professional Baseball Clubs when the Los Angeles Dodgers franchise was established in 1883 as the Brooklyn Dodgers.
The club turned professional the next year and entered the American Association, before finally transferring to the National League in 1890.
In addition to being a highly successful franchise (winning six World Series championships and 22 National League pennants), the Dodgers were the first major league baseball team to hire an African-American player when they hired Jackie Robinson in 1947, thanks to the efforts of general manager Branch Rickey.
7. Philadelphia Phillies
Year the company was founded: 1883 Baseball’s first season began in 1883. Previous name(s):Philadelphia Friends Meeting Soon after the team’s founding in 1883 as the “Quakers,” the Philadelphia Phillies changed their name to the Phillies, giving them the oldest and longest-running one-name and one-city club in any American professional sport, according to the Baseball Hall of Fame. Having been awarded a spot in the National League to replace the Worcester Brown Stockings, the team was formed by Al Reach, a sporting goods manufacturer and former professional baseball player, and attorney John Rogers.
Despite just having 17 victories out of 98 games, the 1883 season was the poorest in the franchise’s history (.173 percent).
6. San Francisco Giants
Year the company was founded: 1883 Baseball’s first season began in 1883. New York Gothams; New York Giants were the team’s previous name(s). Prior to relocating to San Francisco in 1958, the Giants were known as the New York Gothams when they first began play in 1883. Founded in New York by rich tobacconist John B. Day and experienced amateur baseball player Jim Mutrie – who also owned the New York Mets – the team was the second one to be formed by the duo in the city. An article from the time period stated that after winning a game against the Philadelphia Phillies, Mutrie exclaimed, “My great lads!
Horace Stoneham, the Giants’ owner, agreed to join the Dodgers in their transfer to San Francisco after convincing the mayor of the city, George Christopher, and the Dodgers owner, Walter O’Malley, to make the move.
5. Cincinnati Reds
Year the company was founded: 1881 Baseball’s first season began in 1882. Cincinnati Red Stockings; Cincinnati Redlegs were the team’s previous name(s). It is recorded in the Cincinnati Reds’ history that the Cincinnati Red Stockings were the first all-professional baseball club, having been created in 1866 by the Reds. However, while this information is correct, the name of this early Cincinnati Red Stockings team does not correspond to the name of the first incarnation of the present organization, which was founded in 1881.
As a result of their departure from the American Association to play in the National League in 1889, the Red Stockings changed their name to Reds for the 1890 season, before changing it again to the Redlegs in 1954 and finally back to the Reds in 1959.
The Reds have five World Series championships, nine National League pennants, one American League pennant, and ten division titles to their credit.
4. Pittsburgh Pirates
Year the company was founded: 1881 Baseball’s first season began in 1882. Allegheny; Pittsburgh Allegheneys; Pittsburgh Pirates were some of the team’s previous names. The Pittsburgh Pirates have a long and illustrious history that dates back to around October 15, 1881, when the strongest team in the area was selected to join the American Association as a founding member and begin playing in the 1882 season– the team was known as the “Allegheny” because their home field was in Allegheny City.
The club competed in the first World Series in 1903 and went on to win their first championship the following year, in 1909 Since 1993, the Pirates have seen both success and failure, winning five World Series while also suffering through 20 straight losing seasons from 1993 to 2012, the longest such skid by any North American sports club in history.
3. St. Louis Cardinals
Year the company was founded: 1882 Baseball’s first season began in 1882. St. Louis Brown Stockings; St. Louis Browns; St. Louis Perfectos were some of the previous names for this item. The St. Louis Brown Stockings, the forerunners of the present St. Louis Cardinals organization, were founded in 1882. Two additional incarnations of the St. Louis Brown Stockings baseball clubs existed prior to the Cardinals’ inception, but owing to game-fixing scandals, expulsion from the National League, and significant reorganizations, these early teams have only a tenuous relationship to the current franchise.
Louis squad, restructured it, and established it as the first team of the American Association, with the goal of competing against the National League teams.
2. Chicago Cubs
Year the company was founded: 1871 Baseball’s first season began in 1876. Chicago White Stockings; Chicago Colts; Chicago Orphans were some of the team’s previous names. The Chicago Cubs are another team that claims to be the oldest in Major League Baseball, however their claims are sometimes challenged. Despite the fact that the Chicago White Stockings were formed in 1871, the club did not play for the next two years as a result of the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which occurred at the same time the Cubs were founded.
They were also one of the first teams to join the National League, which was formed when the National Association was replaced by the National League in 1876.
The team has always represented Chicago and has gone through a number of moniker changes before settling on the Cub in 1903 as its official name.
1. Atlanta Braves
Year the company was founded: 1871 Baseball’s first season began in 1876. The Boston Red Stockings, Boston Red Caps, Boston Beaneaters, Boston Doves, and Boston Rutlers had all previously been known as the Boston Braves, Boston Bees, and the Milwaukee Braves. Although there is some controversy about which team in Major League Baseball is the oldest, the Atlanta Braves are frequently referred to as the oldest continuously operational baseball team in the United States of America. Originally known as the Boston Red Stockings, the team was founded in 1871 and was one of the eight foundation teams of the National League, which was organized in 1876.
The Red Stockings played in Boston until 1952, when they relocated to Milwaukee, where they adopted the moniker Milwaukee Braves.
In 1966, the club relocated for the last time, this time to Atlanta, where it has been ever since.
The History of the American and National League, Part I
Baseball’s history is rich and complicated, full of colorful people, timeless events, and incredible accomplishments, all of which have contributed to the game’s success. A tale of racism and redemption, doctored balls and labor struggles, players and owners, triumph and tragedy, this is the narrative of the National Football League. Similarly to the sport itself, baseball’s history has been both unexpected and confined by cause-and-effect relationships. In order to grasp where the sport of baseball stands in the year 2008, we must first understand and appreciate the sport’s historical context.
- If you are interested in reading any novels, I will give some recommendations towards the conclusion of this series.
- Please note that Part II may be found here.
- Success encourages others to follow in your footsteps.
- In 1876, the National League was established.
- In attempt to attract more spectators, the AA implemented a number of policies that the NL did not: they played games on Sundays and offered alcohol at the ballpark, among other things.
- In addition, the AA began to compete with the NL for talent.
- Finally, in 1890, the Players League was established, although it only lasted one season.
While it was in existence, the American Association had continually been weaker than the National League, leading several of the stronger AA clubs to go over to the NL.
As the AA became weaker, the NL grew in strength.
The Cardinals, the Dodgers, the Pirates, and the Reds are the four clubs that have survived to this day.
By 1900, the 12-team circuit had ceased to function.
The league’s owners met and decided to cut the number of clubs from 16 to eight.
Boston Beaneaters: When the National League limited the number of clubs it had, a lesser league known as the Western League saw an opportunity.
The American League separated itself from the National Agreement (the agreement between the National League and the several minor league circuits) in 1901, the year after the National League signed four clubs, and declared itself to be a Major League, alongside the National League.
The original American League was comprised of the following teams: the Baltimore Orioles, the Boston Americans, the Chicago White Stockings, the Cleveland Blues, the Detroit Tigers, the Milwaukee Brewers, the Philadelphia Athletics, the Washington Senators, and the Washington Senators (now the Washington Nationals).
They attempted to oust the upstart AL and reclaim control of their profitable monopoly on the market.
It was in 1903 that the two leagues signed a revised version of the National Agreement, which stipulated that they would each be considered a major league, and that their champions would compete against each other in the World Series (a fantastic marketing and profit opportunity for the two leagues).
- And that has been unchanged for the past 50 years.
- In 1951, Veeck acquired the St.
- Louis Cardinals (originally the Milwaukee Brewers, they moved to St Louis and were re-named the Browns in 1902).
- Perhaps his most well-known trick was the signing of Eddie Gaedel, who stood at three feet and seven inches in height.
- Gaedel was intentionally walked on four consecutive pitches, and he was replaced by a pinch runner.
- It goes without saying that Veeck was not well-liked by the other business owners.
- Louis was too small for two teams when he acquired the Browns, and he intended to force the floundering Cardinals out of town with his acquisition.
As a result, Veeck made the decision that he wanted to relocate the Browns.
He then attempted to relocate to Baltimore, but was once again denied permission by the property’s owners.
Despite the fact that Veeck was no longer involved, the other owners authorized the Browns’ relocation to Baltimore in 1954 (foreshadowing a difficult relocation of a football Browns franchise to Baltimore decades later).
Baseball Makes a U-turn to the West Walter O’Malley, a real estate developer, purchased a controlling ownership in the Brooklyn Dodgers during the 1950 season.
Moses had envisioned a park that would be developed and maintained by the city, but O’Malley had other ideas.
When O’Malley acquired the Dodgers, World War II had just been finished for a little more than a decade.
It wasn’t long before the technology enabled commercial flights to be conducted as well.
Several years after that, Boeing 707 became the first widely successful commercial jet, heralding the commencement of commercial air travel in the United States.
Officials in Los Angeles had been aggressively campaigning for the establishment of a major league franchise, and with the invention of the jet, transcontinental travel became more affordable and faster than it had ever been.
It would be impracticable, though, to relocate simply one squad across the country.
At the same time that O’Malley was being given property in Los Angeles, Horace Stoneham, the owner of the New York Giants, was seeking for a replacement for their stadium, which was known as the Polo Grounds (which had opened in 1890 and was extensively renovated in 1911 after a fire).
Paul, and Stoneham pondered relocating his Giants to the Twin Cities.
With the prospect of having a major league team in his city, San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee was enthusiastic, and he provided Stoneham with the land needed to build a baseball stadium.
It was the first day of the 1958 season when the Los Angeles Dodgers and the San Francisco Giants clashed in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, marking the beginning of a new and bustling period of growth and mobility in baseball.
New York State Attorney William Shea was dissatisfied with the fact that his state had lost two of its three teams to California.
She was unsuccessful.
When he came up with the concept to create a third Major League, the Continental League, it was in November of 1958.
Teams were planned to be formed in Denver, Houston, Minneapolis-St.
Three extra clubs were projected, bringing the total number of teams in the league to eight, similar to the American League and National League.
They had had a highly profitable monopoly for more than 50 years; in addition, history had demonstrated that three main leagues did not function well.
Both the American League and the National League made the decision to add two new clubs to their respective leagues, with precedence given to locations that did not already have a team.
When they agreed, Shea had received what he had wished for, and the Continental League was effectively brought to an end.
The National League expanded in 1962, with the addition of the Houston Colt.45s and the New York Mets (who, incidentally, paid tribute to their New York forebears by donning a Dodger-blue cap with an orange “NY” from the Giants emblem).
Louis Browns, there were a number of other teams that relocated throughout the 1950s.
In tandem with the expansion of the country westward and the growth of small towns and communities, major league baseball expanded and grew as well. As of the start of the 1962 season, the following was the Major League Baseball landscape:
|American League||National League|
|Kansas CityAthletics||New YorkMets|
|New YorkYankees||San FranciscoGiants|
A rich and complex history of baseball can be found in the sport’s annals, which are replete with colorful characters, timeless moments, and incredible accomplishments. A tale of racism and redemption, doctored balls and labor strikes, players and owners, triumph and defeat, this is the story of the World Series of Baseball. Baseball’s history has been both unpredictable and bound by the laws of cause and effect, much like the sport itself. We must understand and appreciate the past in order to appreciate where the sport of baseball is today, in the year 2008.
- If you are interested in reading some books, I will provide some recommendations at the end of this series.
- IMPORTANT: Part II can be found by clicking here.
- Baseball has also been extremely successful throughout its history.
- In 1881, the American Association was formed to compete with the National League as a result of its success in this endeavor.
- These policies included playing games on Sundays and selling beer at the ballpark.
- With the addition of the AA, both leagues began to compete for players.
- The Players League was established in 1890, but it only lasted for one year.
While it was in existence, the American Association had continuously been weaker than the National League, leading several of the stronger AA clubs to transfer to the National League.
A weakening of the AA resulted in the growth of the NL A total of eight AA clubs moved to the National League during the final three years of the AA’s existence: The Cardinals, Dodgers, Pirates, and Reds are the four teams that have survived to this day.
By 1900, the 12-team circuit had ceased to function effectively.
It was agreed by the league’s owners to limit the number of clubs from 16 to only eight.
An opportunity arose as a result of the National League’s decision to cut its number of teams.
During the season following the National League’s acquisition of four teams, the American League withdrew from the National Agreement (the agreement between theNational League and the various minor league circuits) and declared itself to be a Major League, competing with the National League for the first time.
The original American League consisted of the following teams: the Baltimore Orioles, the Boston Americans, the Chicago White Stockings, the Cleveland Blues, the Detroit Tigers, the Milwaukee Brewers, the Philadelphia Athletics, the Washington Senators, and the Philadelphia Athletics.
Incredulous, the National League erupted.
They were unsuccessful.
It was in 1903 that the two leagues signed a revised version of the National Agreement, which stipulated that they would each be considered a major league, and that their respective champions would compete against each other in the World Series (a fantastic marketing and profit opportunity for the two leagues).
- For the next 50 years, this remained unchanged.
- In 1951, Veeck bought the St.
- Louis Browns’ ownership group (originally the Milwaukee Brewers, they moved to St Louis and were re-named the Browns in 1902).
- Veeck, the previous owner of the Cleveland Indians, was well-known for his pranks.
- At one point in his career, Gaedel wore a uniform with the number “1/8” on it and elf-life slippers with the ends pulled up, and he went to bat in that attire.
- Gaedel’s contract was promptly terminated by American League president Will Harridge, who was outraged by the assault to the purity of the game.
- It goes without saying that the other owners did not hold Veeck in high regard.
Louis was too small for two teams when he acquired the Browns, and he intended to force the failing Cardinals out of town with his acquisition.
Because of this, Veeck determined that he wanted to relocate the Browns to a different location.
Once in Baltimore, he attempted to relocate but was turned down by the property’s owners.
As long as Veeck was absent from discussions, the other owners agreed to the Browns’ relocation to Baltimore in 1954 (foreshadowing a difficult relocation of a football Browns franchise to Baltimore decades later).
Baseball Makes a U-turn to the Pacific Northwest Brooklyn Dodgers owner Walter O’Malley obtained a controlling ownership in the team when he purchased a real estate firm in 1950.
Moses had envisioned a park that would be developed and maintained by the city, but O’Malley had other plans.
When O’Malley bought the Dodgers, World War II had just been ended for a little more than a decade.
Commercial flights were only a matter of time when the technology became available.
Several years after that, Boeing 707 became the first widely successful commercial jet, heralding the commencement of commercial air travel in the United States.
It had been vigorously lobbied for by officials in Los Angeles, and with the invention of the jet, transcontinental travel became more affordable and faster than it had ever been.
A team that is just half-way across the nation would be impracticable to transfer.
While O’Malley was being given property in Los Angeles, New York Giants owner Horace Stoneham was seeking for a new stadium to replace his existing one, the Polo Grounds.
Besides New York, Stoneham began to investigate possibilities outside the city — the Giants had a minor league club in Minneapolis-St.
The next year, O’Malley contacted Stoneham with a suggestion: why not relocate to the western United States?
It had been decided that O’Malley and Stoneham would relocate their respective teams to Los Angeles and San Francisco.
League of Nations, or the Continental League, is a group of countries that compete in international sports.
A Major League club in New York, either by expansion or by relocating an existing team, was Shea’s goal.
When he came up with the concept to create a third Major League, the Continental League, it was in November of 1958 that he achieved fame and fortune.
Team headquarters were set to be established in Denver; Houston; Minneapolis-St.
Three more clubs were projected, bringing the total to eight, similar to the American League and National League.
They had had a highly profitable monopoly for more than 50 years; in addition, history had demonstrated that three main leagues did not function well.
A total of two new clubs will join the American League and National League rosters, with priority given to locations that do not currently have a franchise in their respective leagues.
When they agreed, Shea had received what he had wished for, and the Continental League was effectively destroyed.
After the New York Mets and Houston Colt.45s joined the National League in 1962 (the Mets paid respect to their New York ancestors by wearing an orange “NY” from the Giants emblem on a Dodger-blue cap), the National League became more competitive.
Louis Browns, there were numerous more teams that moved throughout the 1950s.
In tandem with the expansion of the United States westward and the growth of small towns and communities, major league baseball flourished and expanded. Major League Baseball looked something like this at the start of the 1962 season.
Major League Baseball Team Histories
Throughout history, baseball fans have asked the same question: “How did my team do today?” From the first generation of baseball fans who tore open newspapers to devour box scores to the generations who gathered around radios and then televisions to today’s fans who get scores on their cell phones or via the Internet, the question has remained the same. For a baseball fan, the answer to that question immediately defines the quality of his or her life. The days when the answer is “my team won” just seem brighter and better than the days when the answer is “other teams won.” The passion for a baseball team is intense and is not diminished by the passage of time or distance.
Perhaps this is due to the fact that we take a team to heart at a young age, when players and teams appear to be Olympian heroes to be adored and admired by the public.
For whatever reason, we are drawn to the game because it is played every day for six months, and the fortunes of the team become as important to us as the fortunes of our friends and family.
Baseball, like life, is full of difficult daily challenges, with regular disappointments that we can all relate to and occasional bursts of success that we can all be proud of.
It is common for baseball teams to be imbued with the mythic personality of their achievements and histories.
The Giants are a haven for sluggers, and the Mets are a breeding ground for quality pitchers year after year.
And the Yankees, well, they’re the Yankees.
Baseball Almanac pays homage to the thirty teams that compete today as well as their predecessors – all of whom have carried the torch for the game throughout its history.
Each team also has its share of famous firsts, spectacular feats, record-breakers, and stories that need to be told about their respective eras.
This single section contains hypertext links to more than one hundred fifty thousand pages of baseball-related information.
Have you ever wondered who was on the team back in 1986?
As the only organization that maintains roster data for EVERY team in Major League history, Baseball Almanac has the answer.
You won’t find it anywhere else except here at Baseball Almanac (unless they stole it from us!).
Baseball Almanac already has thousands of facts about your favorite team, players, stadiums, attendance, award winners, and more available online, but if you have a suggestion for something else you would like to see, please do not hesitate to submit it.