When Did Jackie Robinson Started Playing Baseball

Jackie Robinson

A quote from Jackie Robinson famously stated, “A life is only valuable in the context of the influence it has on other lives.” The influence Robinson had on Major League Baseball will be remembered for a long time to come. Every big league baseball team observes Jackie Robinson Day on April 15 each season in commemoration of the day when he broke the color barrier in baseball by becoming the first African-American player in the twentieth century to take the field in either the American or National leagues.

Robinson was an outspoken advocate for equal rights even before he became a baseball player.

The allegations against him were subsequently dropped, and he was awarded an honorable discharge.

Robinson began his professional baseball career as a shortstop with the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro Leagues, where he remained until Brooklyn Dodgers general manager Branch Rickey identified him as the player who would bring integration to the white big leagues.

  • The fact that Robinson would be subjected to mental and physical abuse was something Rickey wanted him to accept without retaliating against the abuser.
  • Upon joining the Montreal Royals, the Dodgers’ top farm team, in 1946, Robinson set a major league record with a.349 batting average and 40 stolen bases, leading the International League.
  • “It was the most anxiously awaited premiere in the history of the National Pastime,” the writers Robert Lipsyte and Pete Levine said in their book on the National Pastime.
  • A mere two years later, in 1949, he was voted National League Most Valuable Player after leading the league in batting with a.342 average and steals with 37, while also recording a career-high 124 RBI.
  • A.313 batting average, 972 runs scored, 1,563 hits, and 200 stolen bases were Robinson’s last stats before retirement.

“Jackie Robinson made my accomplishment possible,” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. remarked of Jackie Robinson. It would have been impossible for me to do what I achieved without him. In 1962, Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. On the 24th of October, 1972, he died away.

Jackie Robinson

After signing with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947, Jackie Robinson became the first African-American athlete to compete in Major League Baseball, breaking down the color barrier.

Who Was Jackie Robinson?

When he entered the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947, Robinson made history as the first African-American athlete to compete in Major League Baseball in the twentieth century. While playing in the major leagues for more than a decade, Robinson established himself as one of the game’s most skilled and dynamic players, amassing an impressive.311 lifetime batting average. He was also an outspoken advocate for civil rights.

Early Life

Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, to Jack Roosevelt Robinson and Mary Robinson Robinson. Robinson was the youngest of five children, and he was reared in relative poverty by his mother, who was a single parent. He went to John Muir High School in Pasadena, California, and Pasadena Junior College, where he was a standout athlete who competed in four sports: football, basketball, track, and baseball. He was also a member of the Pasadena Junior College football team.

Robinson’s elder brother, Matthew, served as an inspiration for him to pursue his athletic abilities and passion.

Robinson continued his schooling at the University of California, Los Angeles, where he became the school’s first student to earn varsity letters in four sports.

As a result of his relocation, he began playing football for the semi-professional Honolulu Bears in the Hawaiian capital of Honolulu.

U.S. Army

Robinson served as a second lieutenant in the United States Army from 1942 to 1944, during the Second World War. He, on the other hand, never saw action in battle. In 1944, while attending boot camp at Fort Hood, Texas, Robinson was arrested and court-martialed for refusing to give up his seat and move to the rear of a segregated bus, a charge that was later dropped. Robinson’s strong reputation, along with the efforts of friends, the NAACP, and a number of Black newspapers, helped to bring attention to the injustice to the public.

His moral opposition to racial segregation, as well as his courage, were foreshadowing to the influence Robinson would have on Major League Baseball in the future.

Wife and Children

While both attended UCLA in the early 1940s, Robinson met Rachel Isum, a nurse-in-training who would later become his wife. On February 10, 1946, the pair exchanged wedding vows. As Robinson progressed through the big leagues, the Robinsons were subjected to an increasing amount of prejudice, ranging from insults to death threats. In later years of their lives, both Jackie and Rachel were major participants in the civil rights struggle. Jackie and Rachel were married for ten years and had three children together: Jack, Sharon, and David.

When Jack Robinson Jr., the couple’s oldest child, died in a vehicle accident when he was 24 years old, the Robinsons were devastated.

They have three children.

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  1. joined his Brooklyn colleagues for their game against the Philadelphia Phillies tonight.
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  4. data-title=”Celebrating a New Team”>Jackie Robinson poses outside a house in Georgia with his family.
  5. The late Jackie Robinson (1919 – 1972) (back row, fourth from right) appears with members of his family outside of a house, perhaps in Georgia, in 1942, wearing a military uniform.

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  • stand by their automobile in Brooklyn, New York, New York, in July 1949.
  • Featured image courtesy of Nina Leen/TimeLife Pictures/Getty Images.
  • data-full-height=”1661″ data-full-src=” data-full-width=”2000″ data-image-id=”ci023cbcd6a00025f5″ data-image-slug=”5 Jackie Robinson poses for photographs with his children in January 1950 in their home in the Brooklyn borough of New York City.
  • R.

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  1. behind the couch on which are seated his wife Rachel, his daughter Sharon, his mother Mallie, and his grandmother, circa 1951.” data-image-slug=”7 Jackie Robinson (1919 – 1972) of the Brooklyn Dodgers poses with his son Jackie Jr.
  2. on the steps of their home in Brooklyn, New York, in July 1949.
  3. ” data-public-id=”MTYxMjExMzE1ODY2NzczNDY4″ data-title=”Smiling on the Steps” data-public-id=”MTYxMjExMzE1ODY2NzczNDY4″ “When Jackie Robinson announced his retirement from baseball in 1959, his wife and three children were on hand to witness the celebration.
  4. The event was attended by his father, David Robinson, and his wife, Rachel Robinson (née Isum), as well as daughter Sharon Robinson.

PHOTOS: Jackie Robinson With His Family

Robinson began his professional baseball career in 1944, following his release from the Army in that year. It was during this time period that the sport was divided, with African Americans and white people participating in different leagues. Robinson began his professional baseball career in the Negro Leagues, but he was quickly recruited by Branch Rickey, the president of the Brooklyn Dodgers, to assist in the integration of Major League Baseball. In 1946, he became a member of the all-white Montreal Royals, a minor league affiliate of the Brooklyn Dodgers.

Rickey anticipated that Robinson would face difficult moments in the future and made him pledge that he would not retaliate if he was confronted with prejudice.

Brooklyn Dodgers

Robinson’s resolve was put to the test right from the start of his tenure with the Dodgers. Some of his new teammates were uncomfortable with the fact that he was an African-American on their squad. In several instances, people in the crowd jeered Robinson, and he and his family received death threats. The Royals’ Robinson made a fantastic start with the team, leading the International League with a.349 batting average and a.985 fielding percentage despite the racist abuse, which was particularly prevalent during road games.

  • Robinson made history on April 15, 1947, when he played his debut game for the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field, becoming the first African-American athlete to play Major League Baseball in the twentieth century.
  • During one particularly memorable game, Chapman and his teammates hurled abusive epithets at Robinson from their bench.
  • Even his own teammates had vowed to boycott the game.
  • In Robinson’s first season with the team, his devotion to a single player set the tone for the remainder of his time with the organization.

Robinson was born into a Jewish family. In one instance, as Robinson was being attacked by spectators from the stands, Reese stepped up and wrapped his arm around his teammate, a move that has since become iconic in the sport of baseball. DOWNLOAD THE JACKIE ROBINSON FACT CARD FROM BIOGRAPHY.

Rookie of the Year

Robinson was successful in putting aside prejudice and racial animosity, and he demonstrated to everyone what a terrific player he was in the process. The Dodgers won the National League pennant in his rookie season, when he batted.297 with 12 home runs and contributed to their championship. During his first season, Robinson was first in the National League in stolen bases and was named Rookie of the Year. He proceeded to astound fans and critics alike with astounding performances such as an outstanding.342 batting average during the 1949 season, which was the best in baseball history.

As a result, Robinson quickly gained popularity in the sport, even among his old detractors, and was immortalized as the subject of the iconic song “Did You See Jackie Robinson Hit That Ball?” His success in the major leagues paved the way for other African-American players, like Satchel Paige, Willie Mays, and Hank Aaron, to get into the league.

Stats

Robinson was a fantastic base runner who stole 19 bases in his career, which set a new league record at the time. In 1955, he played a key role in the Dodgers’ World Series victory. Prior to his retirement, he was the highest-paid athlete in the history of the Los Angeles Dodgers. Robinson had the following accomplishments throughout his Major League Baseball career, which spanned from 1947 to 1956: a batting average of 311 (AVG) There were 4877 times at bat for 137 home runs (HR) (AB) 1518 hits (H) and 734 runs batted in are totaled (RBI) 197 stolen bases are reported (SB).

883 on-base plus slugging percentage (OPS)

World Series

Robinson and the Los Angeles Dodgers won the National League pennant a total of five times during his ten-year tenure with the franchise. Finally, in 1955, he was instrumental in guiding them to the ultimate victory: capturing the World Series championship. The Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the New York Yankees, a team that had previously lost four series to them. The next season, he contributed to the team’s second National League pennant victory.

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Retirement

Robinson was dealt to the New York Giants in December 1956, but he was never able to make an appearance for the organization. On January 5, 1957, he announced his retirement. Following his retirement from baseball, Robinson pursued a career in business while continuing his activism for social change. As an executive with the Chock Full of Nuts coffee firm and restaurant chain, he played an important role in the establishment of the African American-owned Freedom Bank of New York.

Jersey

Robinson was the first African-American to be elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame, which occurred in 1962. The Los Angeles Dodgers retired his jersey number 42 in 1972 as a tribute to his accomplishments.

Civil Rights

As a member of the NAACP board of directors from 1967 to 1969, Robinson was an outspoken advocate for African American athletes, civil rights, and other social and political concerns, sitting on the organization’s executive committee. In July 1949, he appeared before the House Un-American Activities Committee to speak about discrimination in the workplace. When the New York Yankees failed to break down the color barrier five years after he began playing for the Dodgers, he openly denounced them as a racist club, which he did again in 1952.

Later in life, Robinson continued to advocate for greater racial integration in sports, even after retiring from the field.

Death

Robinson passed away on October 24, 1972, in Stamford, Connecticut, as a result of heart difficulties and diabetic complications. He was 53 years old at the time.

Jackie Robinson Foundation

After Robinson’s death in 1972, his wife Rachel formed the Jackie Robinson Foundation, which is committed to preserving and promoting the memory of his life and achievements. Scholarships and mentorship programs are provided by the organization to assist young people who are in need.

Jackie Robinson Day

In the Major League Baseball, April 15 is celebrated as Jackie Robinson Day, in recognition of the day on which he became the first African-American player to play in the league.

Movies

In 1978, a ten-square-block park in New York City’s Harlem area was dedicated to the memory of baseball great Jackie Robinson and named Jackie Robinson Park. Robinson appeared in The Jackie Robinson Story, a biographical film directed by Alfred E. Green and co-starring Ruby Deeas Robinson, Robinson’s wife, which was released in 1950. This biography was the subject of the critically praised Brian Helgeland film42, which starred Chadwick Boseman as Robinson and Harrison Ford as Branch Rickey in the lead roles.

Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson was an African-American professional baseball player who, on April 15, 1947, began playing first base for the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking Major League Baseball’s famed ” color barrier.” Robinson was the first African-American to play first base in Major League Baseball. Until that point, professional baseball players of color could only be seen on the rosters of clubs of theNegro Leagues. Jackie Robinson Day is honored today, April 15, throughout all Major League Baseball organizations, with players donning the number 42 of the former Los Angeles Dodgers.

When Was Jackie Robinson Born?

Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, to a family of sharecroppers. She grew up in a little town called Cairo. He grew up as the youngest of five siblings. The family relocated to Pasadena, California, when his father abandoned them in 1920. His mother Mallie performed a variety of odd jobs in order to support herself and her children. He was born in 1920. In spite of the fact that they lived in what was then a rather prosperous neighborhood of Los Angeles, the Robinsons were impoverished, and Jackie and his friends from the city’s tiny Black population were frequently excluded from recreational activities.

His elder brother Mack, a track and field silver medallist at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, motivated him to continue his passion in athletics, and the younger Robinson went on to earn varsity letters in baseball, basketball, football, and track while attending Muir.

A motorcycle accident claimed the life of Jackie’s other elder brother and her decision to commemorate his memory by enrolling atUCLA in 1939 was the result of this decision.

He went on to become the first Bruin to earn varsity letters in four sports — the same four sports in which he had excelled in high school — and to win the National Collegiate Athletic Association’s long jump title in 1940. While at UCLA, Jackie met the woman who would become his wife, Rachel.

Jackie Robinson in the U.S. Army

The end result was that Jackie dropped out of college in the spring of his senior year, just a few credits shy of graduating. He accepted a position as an athletic administrator, but his ambitions remained firmly anchored on the playing field. He spent two years playing semi-professional football for integrated teams in leagues in Hawaii and California before being conscripted into the United States Army in the spring of 1942, during World War II, despite the fact that he did not see action in the conflict.

But he maintained his closeness to Rachel, with whom he had become engaged in 1943, during this period.

Jackie was almost court-martialed for his actions.

Jackie was honorably released from the Army in November 1944, and he immediately went to work as a basketball coach at a community college in Austin, Texas.

Jackie Robinson’s Professional Sports Career

In early 1945, Jackie Robinson was signed by the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro League, where he played for one season and hit.387 with a.387 batting average. For a period of time, BrooklynDodgersexecutiveBranch Rickey was scouting the Negro Leagues, seeking for players who not only had the potential to succeed in Major League Baseball, but who also had the temperament to deal with the rigors that came with integration. Robinson was one of many players that Rickey interviewed in August 1945 for a position with the Dodgers’ farm team in Montreal, the Royals.

According to reports, Rickey requested that Robinson not reply when he was the target of racist insults during the interview.

Robinson was adored by Montreal fans and batted an impressive.349.

Jackie Robinson and the Dodgers

His major league debut with the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1947 drew a great deal of attention, not all of it favorable. Despite the fact that Robinson soon established himself as a legitimate player, the color of his skin remained a source of contention for other teams and spectators. The Dodgers’ Pee Wee Reese is believed to have thrown his arm around Robinson on the field after hearing racial remarks from spectators and players prior to a game, as a way of indicating that he was embraced by those wearing a Brooklyn uniform.

Continue reading: Jackie Robinson Breaks the Color Barrier His performance on the field was eventually what brought his detractors to a halt.

The year he won the National League Most Valuable Athlete Award, he made history by becoming the first African-American player to do so.

From 1949 to 1954, Robinson was named to the All-Star team every year.

In 1956, he guided the Brooklyn Dodgers to a World Series victory against the rival New York Yankees. As a result of his retirement following that season, Robinson did not accompany the Dodgers when they relocated to Los Angeles following the 1957 season.

Jackie Robinson Quotes

The fact that you like or dislike me isn’t important to me. all I want is that you treat me with dignity as a human being.” “A life is only valuable in the context of the influence it has on other lives,” says the author. “Baseball is similar to a game of poker. Nobody wants to give up while he is losing, and nobody wants you to give up when you are winning.” “Life is not a spectator sport,” says the author. You are squandering your life, in my opinion, if you want to spend your entire life sitting in the grandstand and simply watching what happens.” “Until every one of us is free, there isn’t a free American in this nation,” says the author.

“I’ve come to realize that I will always be a Black person in a white world.” “I despise losing more than anything else in the world.”

Jackie Robinson: Legacy and Death

After leaving the Dodgers, Robinson worked as a sportscaster, as a business executive at Chock full o’Nuts, and as a member of the NAACP and other civil rights organizations after retiring from baseball. Robinson, who had been weakened by heart disease and diabetes, passed away in 1972 at the age of 53 after suffering a heart attack at his home in Stamford, Connecticut. Thousands of people, including former colleagues and other professional sportsmen, turned out for his memorial ceremony. The Reverend Jesse Jackson presented his eulogy, in which he stated, “When Jackie took the field, something reminded us of our birthright to be free.

Jackie Robinson Foundation Scholarship

Immediately following his death, his wife Rachel, who was at the time an assistant professor at Yale School of Nursing, created the Jackie Robinson Foundation. In addition to honoring Jackie Robinson and other trailblazers in sports, the Jackie Robinson Foundation provides the Jackie Robinson Foundation Scholarship to deserving minority students. A year after Robinson’s death, the jersey number 42 was retired by all of the major league clubs. This meant that it could no longer be worn by any player.

As a gesture of respect for Robinson’s legacy and the historic impact he had on professional baseball, sports in general as a result of which American society has benefited, and in recognition of the difficulties the athlete faced in breaking Major League Baseball’s color barrier, a plaque was unveiled in his honor at the end of the game.

Jackie Robinson Movies: ‘The Jackie Robinson Story’ and ‘42’

In 1950, Robinson starred as himself in a biographical film based on his life, “The Jackie Robinson Story.” In addition, a film on Robinson’s life, 42, was released in 2013 to great acclaim, with his widow playing a role in the production.

Sources

“Jackie Robinson,” according to the Baseball Hall of Fame. BaseballHall.org. C. Lamb’s et al (2019). “How Jackie Robinson’s wife, Rachel, aided him in his efforts to break baseball’s race barrier.” TheConversation.com.

Jimmy Breslin’s biography (2011). Branch Rickey’s Story: A Biography Penguin Random House is a publishing house based in New York City. Seven remarkable lines from Jackie Robinson. ABC7NY.com. Jackie Robinson, according to Baseball Reference.

Jackie Robinson breaks color barrier

On April 15, 1947, Jackie Robinson, at 28 years old, becomes the first African-American player in Major League Baseball as he goes onto Ebbets Field in Brooklyn to compete for the Brooklyn Dodgers. Robinson was the first African-American player in Major League Baseball. Robinson was the first black athlete to break through the color barrier in a sport that had been segregated for more than 50 years. On April 15, 1997, in front of a crowd of more than 50,000 people at New York City’s Shea Stadium, Robinson’s revolutionary career was recognized and his uniform number, 42, was retired from Major League Baseball by Commissioner Bud Selig in recognition of his contributions to the game.

  • MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Battles for Equality on and off the baseball field were fought by Jackie Robinson.
  • A star athlete throughout his childhood, he went on to play four varsity sports at the University of California in Los Angeles, where he made history as the first athlete to letter in all four varsity sports (baseball, basketball, football, and track).
  • In 1944, Robinson was court-martialed for his actions in opposing incidents of racial discrimination while serving in the United States military.
  • After leaving the service, Robinson spent a season as a player in the Negro American League.
  • Robinson was promoted to the Major Leagues in 1947 and quickly established himself as a brilliant infielder and outfielder for the Los Angeles Dodgers, as well as the National League’s Rookie of the Year.
  • Robinson was a member of the National League All-Star team from 1949 through 1954, and he helped the Dodgers win six National League pennants and one World Series, the 1955 World Series, during his time with the franchise.
  • 11 Things You May Not Have Known About Jackie Robinson.
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Additionally, when playing in the South, Robinson was prohibited from staying in the same hotels and eating at the same restaurants as his teammates due to Jim Crow rules.

He passed away on October 24, 1972, in Stamford, Connecticut, at the age of 53.

One and only participant is Jackie Robinson, whose breaking of the “color barrier” in 1947 was a watershed point in the history of racial integration in the United States.

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10 significant moments from Jackie’s life

As a human being, Jackie Robinson’s accomplishments transcend statistics, to the point that the numbers that he did amass -which, incidentally, were rather impressive- are overwhelmed by his value as a player. The ability to perform well as a Brooklyn Dodger, on the other hand, proved vital for Robinson. His brilliance enabled him not only to bust down the barrier that prevented Black players from entering Major League Baseball, but also to keep the door open for others to come after him. The 103rd anniversary of Robinson’s birth, which occurred on January 31, 1919, is marked with a look back at ten key moments and events from his life and work, ranging from the symbolic to the concrete.

  • Meeting with “Mahatma Gandhi” on August 28, 1945 On this date, Robinson and Dodgers president Branch Rickey met for the first time, according to Robinson.
  • Specifically, according to Jules Tygiel’s book “Baseball’s Great Experiment,” Rickey “portrayed the antagonistic teammate, the rude opponent, the disrespectful fan, the obstructive hotel clerk,” among other things.
  • Rickey, do you want a baseball player who is frightened to fight back?” Robinson replied, “Mr.
  • 2.
  • He batted second and went 0-for-3, but he came around to score the tying run in the seventh inning after reaching base on a throwing error.
  • By the end of the season, Robinson had gained such widespread popularity that an Associated Press survey rated him the nation’s second-most admired man, trailing only entertainer Bing Crosby in popularity.
  • The most effective form of retaliation The date was April 22, 1947.

With the best he could muster, Robinson singled to lead off the eighth inning, stole second base and moved to third on an accompanying throwing error, and scored the game’s lone run on Gene Hermanski’s single to end the game.

He was deserving of it The date was September 27, 1947.

It was an outstanding rookie season for him, as he batted.297 with 125 runs scored and 29 stolen bases, and he won the National League’s Rookie of the Year Award (which was later renamed in his honor the following year) and ended fifth in the voting for the Most Valuable Player Award.

Becoming a member of the elite On this date in 1949, Robinson finished his best season with a league-leading.342 batting average and 37 stolen bases, to go along with his 122 runs, 124 RBIs, and.960 on-base percentage, among other accomplishments.

Louis great Stan Musial in the writers’ poll.

Skilled in the use of a glove 1948-52 In addition to being an exceptional athlete with exceptional versatility, Robinson proved to be an effective defensive player at first and second base, as well as in left field, but his best position was second base.

7.

11, the Dodgers needed to win their last regular-season game against the Phillies to stay pace with the resurgent New York Giants and force a best-of-three postseason matchup.

The 12th inning saw him diving to catch Eddie Waitkus’ line drive, which would have drove in the winning run if the ball had made it to the outfield.

Afterwards, with two outs in the 14th, Robinson broke the tie by driving in Robin Roberts with a home run.

8.

Despite the fact that Robinson never hit more than 20 home runs in a season, pitchers who misjudged his tremendous power did so at their peril.

9.

The date was September 28, 1955.

He swiped an average of 23 bases every season during a time when such theft was discouraged by the MLB.

He broke into his house 19 times, each time committing a “straight” break-in without the benefit of a double-break-in.

10.

In a statement released nine days after his death, Robinson stated, “I am exceedingly proud and glad to be here this afternoon.” I have to say that when I look at the third-base coaching line one day and see a Black face managing in baseball, I will be much more satisfied and proud of myself.

By appointing Frank Robinson as player-manager prior to the 1975 season, Cleveland was able to break down that barrier.

Jackie Robinson

Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, to a sharecropper and the grandson of former slaves. He was the son of a sharecropper and the grandson of former slaves. Jackie was up in Pasadena, California, where she was raised by a single working mother who had five children. She went on to the University of California, Los Angeles, after earning her associate’s degree from Pasadena Junior College. Jackie was a talented athlete who went on to become the university’s first four-sport letter winner, having excelled in football, basketball, track and field, and baseball during her time there.

As soon as he returned home from the service in 1944, Jackie Robinson set his sights on playing in baseball’s Negro Leagues, and he signed up with the Kansas City Monarchs, where he began playing shortstop.

Recognizing the enormous difficulty that Robinson was about to encounter as an integral part of the contemporary baseball movement, Rickey said that he wanted a player who could withstand the ordeal, telling Robinson, famously, that he was “searching for a ballplayer with the courage not to fight back.”

Jackie Robinson MLB Career & Early Life

Jackie Robinson’s Major League Baseball Career and Early Life Jackie Robinson is considered to be one of the most influential players in the history of Major League Baseball. He is most remembered for breaking the color barrier in 1947 by being the first African-American player in the sport. He was also a standout player who contributed to the Brooklyn Dodgers winning the only World Series the organization has won while based on the East Coast throughout his career. Why the Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants Decided to Relocate The story of Jackie Robinson in 1947 is an excellent starting point for anybody seeking for a genuine profile in bravery.

His poise and tenacity, on the other hand, transformed baseball (and arguably American culture), clearing the way for a generation of black players to come after him, some of whom made the jump from the Negro Leagues to the majors.

Jackie Robinson’s Early Life

Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, to a working-class family of sharecroppers. She was the youngest of five children. When his father abandoned the family in 1920, his mother, Mallie Robinson, relocated to Pasadena, California, with her five children in search of a better life. It was via sports that her youngest kid was able to locate it. During his time at John Muir High School in Pasadena, Robinson earned letterings in four sports: football, basketball, track, and baseball.

In addition, he won the long jump title in the 1940 NCAA championships.

Although Robinson served for two years, reaching to the rank of second lieutenant, his time in the military was spent away from the front lines.

He was subsequently cleared of all allegations and was awarded an honorable discharge as punishment.

Negro Leagues and the Minor Leagues

Following his discharge from the Army in late 1944, Robinson spent a brief period as the sports director at what was then known as Samuel Huston College, located in Austin, Texas. He also served as the basketball team’s coach. In 1945, however, he received an offer to try out for the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro League, and he accepted the invitation. This triggered a series of events that happened in rapid succession. 5 of the greatest players from the Negro League Robinson began his professional baseball career with the Monarchs in 1945.

  • Branch Rickey, the president and general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, called him on the phone, which he most certainly enjoyed.
  • Although he is most remembered for employing Robinson, he was also a pioneer in data collecting, scouting, and other aspects of baseball during his career.
  • 28, 1945, during which, according to several sources, Rickey wanted to make sure Robinson was prepared to withstand the racist abuse he was going to receive.
  • To which Rickey reportedly reacted with the question, “Are you searching for a Negro who is frightened of fighting back?” Robinson is said to have remarked, “I’m looking for a ballplayer who has the courage not to fight back.” Robinson agreed to sign.
  • In Florida, when Robinson was in training, local officials barricaded a stadium in Jacksonville and threatened to shut down any venue where he played football.
  • The Jackie Robinson All-Stars have a long and illustrious history.
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Jackie Robinson’s MLB Career

Many books and articles have been published on Robinson’s debut season in the major leagues in 1947, the year in which he was named Rookie of the Year. In addition, he influenced the lives of hundreds of players and spectators throughout the course of the next decades. Robinson made his Major League Baseball debut on April 15, 1947, at Ebbets Field in Cleveland. His first season was a slog, and he struggled mightily. For example, the Philadelphia Phillies squad took great pleasure in shouting racial insults at him from the dugout during a recent game.

Some Dodgers even threatened not to play with him if they didn’t get their way.

He also received crucial backing from manager Leo Durocher, who stood by Robinson in the face of opposition from the other players, threatening to transfer them if they refused to play with Robinson.

Similarly, in a well-known incident in Cincinnati, when white spectators threw racial insults at Robinson, shortstop and team captain Pee Wee Reese stepped up and wrapped his arm around Robinson in a gesture of unity — although many today doubt whether or not that particular incident actually occurred.

  1. Infancy and Adolescence a Major League Baseball (MLB) career The fact that Jackie Robinson was a fantastic baseball player is sometimes forgotten in the midst of all of this.
  2. In 1949, he had a.342 batting average and was the league’s leading stealer with 37.
  3. Unsurprisingly, he was named the league’s Most Valuable Player that season.
  4. Robinson tripled and scored in Game 1 (on a single by Don Zimmer), drove in a run in Game 2 (on a single by Jim Gilliam), doubled and scored in Game 3 (on a single by Sandy Amoros), and drove in a run in Game 5 (on a single by Jim Gilliam).

However, he did not appear in Game 7, as manager Walter Alston had a different lineup than in the previous game.

Retirement and Life After Baseball

Despite being transferred to the New York Giants in 1957, Robinson decided to retire from baseball. He was the first African-American player to be elected into the Major League Baseball Hall of Fame, which occurred in 1962. His number was retired by the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1972. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. referred to Robinson as “a legend and a figure of his own time” in his speech. Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin wrote that Robinson’s efforts “were a monumental step in the civil-rights revolution in America,” and that his participation in Major League Baseball “allowed black and white Americans to be more respectful and open to one another, as well as more appreciative of everyone’s abilities.” Robinson’s efforts “were a monumental step in the civil-rights revolution in America,” she added.

  • Robinson became the first African-American to appear on ABC’s Game of the Week telecast, breaking yet another color barrier.
  • Robinson was a firm believer in his views all the way to the end of his life.
  • The former baseball player stated in his address that he was “very proud and thrilled” to be present this afternoon, but that he would be “even more pleased and proud” if he looked down the third base coaching line one day and saw a black face in charge of a baseball team.
  • Over the years, he had become physically debilitated as a result of complications from diabetes and a heart attack.
  • It says on his tombstone, “A life is not meaningful except for the influence it has on other lives.” The best baseball moments from the 1970s

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50 Fast Facts on Jackie Robinson

The author was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo (pronounced KAY-ro), Georgia, on Hadley Ferry Road, a blue-collar town with a population of around 10,000 people. 2. Among those born in Cairo are Teresa Edwards, a four-time Olympian in basketball, the 1990 High School State Football Champions, and of course the legendary Jackie Robinson. The Jackie Robinson Field baseball field at Cairo High School was recently dubbed by the Cairo High School Syrupmakers. 2.As a basketball player at UCLA, Robinson topped the Southern Division of the Pacific Coast Conference in scoring on two separate occasions, in 1940 and 1941.

3.During a game against the Chicago Bears in 1940, in front of 98,203 spectators at Soldier Field, Robinson scores a touchdown on a throw from Boston College’s Charlie O’Rourke.

This was the same Bears team that thrashed the Washington Redskins 73-0 in the NFL championship game earlier in the season.

4.On March 13, 1938, in Pasadena, California, Robinson had his first interaction with major league baseball.

When asked about the 19-year-old shortstop, White Sox manager Jimmie Dykes responded, “If that Robinson kid was white, I’d sign him right now.” This is a play that no one else in the American League could make.” The Chicago White Sox of the American Level hired manager Jimmie Dykes and gave Robinson and pitcher Nate Moreland their first big league trials in March 1942.

They were not provided with employment contracts.

Robinson, along with outfielders Marvin Williams (23), and Sam Jethroe (28), tried out for the Boston Red Sox three years later, in 1945.

Joe Cronin, the Red Sox manager and eventual president of the American League, did not attend the tryout.

He had 14 doubles, 4 triples, 5 home runs, 13 stolen bases, and a.387 batting average to go along with his other stats.

Robinson made a total of 11 putouts without making a mistake.

Johnny Sain of the Boston Braves, who had won 21 games in a row, was the first major league pitcher he faced.

9.Despite going hitless in his major league debut against the Braves, Robinson drove in the winning run in the ninth inning.

Earl Torgeson, the first baseman, fielded the ball cleanly, but his throw rebounded off Jackie’s back and into the stands.

Pete Reiser hit a double later in the game, allowing Stanky and Robinson to score the tying and winning runs.

Hal Gregg was the pitcher who took home the victory.

11.On April 18, 1947, Robinson hit his first Major League home run off of New York Giants’ southpaw Dave Koslo at the Polo Grounds, becoming the first African-American to do it.

12.In his debut big league season, Robinson ranked first in the National League in stolen bases with 29, which included three steals of home plate.

14.During Robinson’s first season as manager, the Brooklyn Dodgers established road attendance records in every National League venue, with the exception of Cincinnati’s Crosley Field, in which they finished second.

This statistic is still the all-time high for attendance at Wrigley Field fifty years after it was set.

Jackie Robinson made her first appearance on the cover of Time magazine on September 22, 1947, at the age of 17.

19.

20.On August 29, 1948, Robinson hit for the cycle in a Dodger victory over the St.

He hit a home run, tripled, doubled, and singled after soaring out of the park.

In 1949, Robinson and teammates Don Newcombe and Roy Campanella, as well as Cleveland Indian outfielder Larry Doby, became the first African-Americans to participate in the All-Star Game, which took place on July 12, 1949.

24.In 1950, Jackie starred as himself in the movieThe Jackie Robinson Story.

25.In 1950 and 1951, Robinson lead the National League in the most Double Plays Made by a second baseman with 133 and 137 respectively.

27.On April 23, 1954, Robinson stole second, third base and home plate in the same game.

He later doubles in the 13th inning to score Junior Gilliam with the decisive run.

He also stole a base against the Milwaukee Braves.

The steal came off of Yankee Hall of Famers, pitcher Whitey Ford and catcher Yogi Berra, with Bill Summers officiating.

This was about nine times as much as the average family salary.

31.In the 1956 World Series, Robinson drove in Brooklyn’s first and last runs.

32.From 1948 to 1956, there have been 33 players to pinch-run for Robinson, including Joe Black on July 27, 1952.

Only six (6) players have everpinched-hitfor Jackie Robinson.

(1956).

He batted.329 in 2,483 at bats.

In 4,877 lifetime at bats, he batted in the clean-up spot 51 percent of the time.

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36.Robinson highest park batting averages came atForbes Fieldwith a.342 average.

37.In the homely confines ofEbbet Fields, Robinson hit.314, with a on base percentage of.411, and a slugging percentage of.492.

He had 197 steals and.474 slugging percentage.

39.Hall of Famer Robin Robertsgave up the most hits, most home runs and most RBIs to Robinson, with 45, nine and 22, respectively.

Robinson workedHerm Wehmeierfor the most walks with 20.

40.Robinson’s lifetime on base percentage of.410 is ranked 25th on the all-time list.

In 1987, Peter Ueberroth, then baseball commissioner, renamed the Rookie of the Year Award in Jackie’s honor, The Jackie Robinson Award.

He batted.349 with Montreal of the International League in 1946, and hit.342 with the Brooklyn Dodgers of the National League in 1949.

44.In his first eight seasons, Robinson led the National League in getting hit by pitches once, was second four times and third twice.

Jackie was hit-by-pitches a total of72 timesduring his career.

A total of19 steals of home plate.

46.Robinson wascaught stealing home 12 timesin his career.

47.Robinson, along with Cleveland Indians pitcherBob Feller, were inducted in the National Hall of Fame on July 23, 1962, his first year of eligibility.

48.On October 15, 1972, Jackie Robinson threw out the ceremonial first pitch of the World Series, between the Cincinnati Reds and the Oakland Athletics at Riverfront Stadium.

Robinson voiced his concerns about blacks in management stating, “One day I’d like to look over at third base and see a black man managing the ball club.” 49.In 1982, Robinson became the first baseball player, black or white, to have aU.S.

postage stampissued in his honor. 50.In 1997, Jackie became the first athlete to feature on three distinct Wheaties boxes at the same time, regularWheaties,Honey Frosted WheatiesandCrispy Wheaties ‘n Raisins.

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