How Fast Do Baseball Pitchers Throw

What is the fastest pitch ever in MLB history?

Bronx, New York, United States; July 16, 2021; On September 9, 2018, at Yankee Stadium, New York Yankees relief pitcher Aroldis Chapman (54) pitches against the Boston Red Sox during the ninth inning. Brad Penner of USA TODAY Sports is required for this image. What is the fastest pitch in Major League Baseball? Aroldis Chapman, the New York Yankees’ closer, has the ability to light up the radar gun like few others, while Jacob deGrom, the New York Mets’ ace pitcher, unleashes heat that no other starting pitcher can equal.

Witnessing a pitcher light up the radar gun is one of the most spectacular things you can experience in sports.

Let’s take a look at the fastest pitch ever made, which occurred in 2021, as well as the whole history of the sport.

Fastest pitch ever thrown

The high velocity of fastballs and the tracking speed of baseballs are both influenced by technological advancements. Major League Baseball launched the PITCH/FX system in 2006, which allowed the organization to measure the movement and speed of pitches with greater accuracy. The software has continued to improve throughout the years. While many baseball statistics date back to the 1900s, data relating to movement and speed can only be obtained through recent technological advances. As a result, Aroldis Chapman holds the record for throwing the quickest pitch in Major League Baseball history.

  • The fastest pitch ever thrown in Major League Baseball was thrown by Aroldis Chapman at 105.8 mph.

On September 24, 2010, Chapman became the first player in MLB history to do so. While pitching for the Cincinnati Reds as a rookie relief pitcher in 2007, he threw his fastball at a velocity of 105.1 mph, according to PITCH/fx. MLB then increased the speed limit to 105.8 mph. The next year, Chapman threw another wild pitch that came dangerously close to hitting All-Star outfielder Andrew McCutchen in the face. In a few years, history would repeat itself, this time with the New York Yankees. In the ninth inning, Chapman threw a 105.1 mph fastball against the Baltimore Orioles to bring the game to a conclusion.

In fact, even after more than 575 career innings and innumerable throws with speeds of 100 mph or higher, he is still the defending champion this season.

Are pitchers throwing harder?

With technology becoming a more valuable resource for pitchers and a greater focus being placed on velocity, we are seeing players throw harder than they have ever before.

As seen in the graph below from Jeff Leach, the average fastball velocity in Major League Baseball has increased dramatically since 2002, and it is expected to eclipse 95 mph next season. As an illustration, we look at the quickest pitch from each pitch type during the 2021 MLB season as an example.

Fastest pitch in MLB 2021

Jordan Hicks, a bullpen pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals, is the only other active player who has achieved 105 mph with his fastball. He is now on the disabled list. Consequently, Chapman will face no competition in his bid to retain his title as the world’s quickest pitcher in 2021.

  • What is the record for the fastest pitch thrown this season? Aroldis Chapman hit 103.4 mph against Matt Chapman on June 20, 21.

Although DeGrom’s fastball is unlikely to catch up with Chapman’s this season, the front-runner for the National League MVP and Cy Young Award is outpacing his opponents in average velocity.

  • Jacob deGrom’s average fastball velocity in 2021 is 99.2 mph (1st)
  • Jacob deGrom’s average slider velocity in 2021 is 91.5 mph (1st)
  • Jacob deGrom’s average changeup velocity in 2021 is 91.4 mph (5th)
  • Jacob deGrom’s average changeup velocity in 2021 is 91.4 mph (5th).

With Jacob deGrom out indefinitely due to soreness in his throwing arm, baseball fans will have to turn elsewhere for arms that can throw hard and hard and hard and hard. Fortunately, as our quick look at the quickest throwing pitchers in Major League Baseball demonstrates, there is no shortage of them.

  • The average slider velocity of New York Mets relief pitcher Miguel Castro (2021) is 98 mph
  • The average slider velocity of New York Yankees pitcher Jordan Montgomery (2021) is 90.4 mph
  • The average fastball velocity of Miami Marlins pitcher Sandy Alcantara (2021) is 98.1 mph (2nd)
  • The fastest fastball in Major League Baseball is 100.7 mph, thrown by Cleveland Guardians pitcher Emmanuel Clase. The fastest sinker in Major League Baseball is thrown by New York Mets reliever Miguel Castro at 98.1 mph. The fastest changeup in Major League Baseball is thrown by New York Mets reliever Miguel Castro at 92.1 mph. The fastest cutter in Major League Baseball is thrown by Cleveland Guardians pitcher Emmanuel Clase at 100.2 mph. The fastest curveball in Major League Baseball is thrown by Colorado Rockies pitcher Germán Márquez at 85.2 mph. The fastest splitter in

Following the conclusion of the 2021 Major League Baseball season, here are a few pitchers to keep an eye on in 2022 who might be at the top of the list for the fastest pitch in the league the following year.

  • Génesis Cabrera of the St. Louis Cardinals has an average speed of 97.6 miles per hour (4th)
  • Brusdar Graterol of the Los Angeles Dodgers has an average speed of 99.5 miles per hour (4th).

We can make a comparison between the data and reports and stories that were written before the advent of contemporary tracking technologies.

Nolan Ryan and the history of velocity

Jerome Miron of USA TODAY Sports contributed to this report. The velocity of fastballs has steadily increased throughout time. Pitchers are modifying their techniques and exerting additional effort as a result of reduced pitch counts, resulting in the radar gun touching triple digits for the first time in franchise history. According to FanGraphs, the average fastball velocity increased from 91.7 mph in 2008 to 93.7 mph this season, according to Aprihow. According to Baseball America, the way fastball velocity is measured has also altered significantly over the last few generations.

  1. Because a pitch’s velocity diminishes as it leaves the pitcher’s hand and approaches the plate, the precise time at which the baseball is clocked is critical to its success.
  2. From 1966 through 1993, the Hall of Famer’s fastball was tracked closer to the plate while he was unleashing his fury.
  3. It was investigated in the film Fastball how various speeds may appear if contemporary technologies were employed.
  4. However, Pitching Ninja then explained why it’s impossible to evaluate the truth of that idea, and he compared Ryan’s fastest recorded pitch to Hicks and Chapman frame-by-frame to demonstrate his point.
  5. MLB might look considering reducing the number of pitchers permitted on a roster, which would allow starters to stay in games for longer periods of time and use less maximum effort on individual pitches as a consequence.
  6. There is a possibility that Chapman’s record will deteriorate in the near future.

Hunter Greene, a pitcher with the Cincinnati Reds and one of the best pitching prospects in the major leagues, often throws in the triple digits and has even reached speeds of 105 mph. Keep a watch out for him as he might be the next potential contender to Chapman’s world record.

Fastball – Wikipedia

Fastball is an American rock band; for other uses, see Fastball (band). If you’re looking for the game known as fast-pitch softball, you’ve come to the right place. Baseball and softball pitchers use the fastball as the most common sort of pitch to throw to their opponents. “Power pitchers,” such as former major leaguers Nolan Ryan and Roger Clemens, rely on speed to keep the ball from being hit. They have thrown fastballs at speeds ranging from 95 to 105 miles per hour (153 to 169 kilometers per hour) (officially) and as high as 108.1 miles per hour (174.0 kilometers per hour) (unofficially) (unofficially).

  • In order for the Magnus effect to work, fastballs are often thrown with backspin in order to put an upward push on the ball.
  • The batter perceives the pitch as rising because of the unexpected absence of natural drop in the pitch, even though it is physically impossible for a person to throw a baseball fast enough and with enough backspin to for the ball to really rise in the air.
  • Using both the index and middle fingers along a seam, a sinking fastball may be thrown by grasping the ball across the narrow section (a ” two-seam fastball “).
  • A fastball pitcher is referred to in colloquial terms as “throwing heat” or “putting steam on it,” among many other variations.


A four-seam fastball is depicted in an animated graphic.

Four-seam fastball

The four-seam fastball is the most often encountered variation of the fastball. In order to get an advantage in the count or while throwing a strike, the pitcher will frequently employ this pitch. In order to have minimum lateral movement, this sort of fastball relies more on its velocity than on its location. It is sometimes referred to as the fastest pitch a pitcher can throw, and it has been recorded at high velocities in excess of 100 mph. On September 25, 2010, at Petco Park in San Diego, left-handed relief pitcher Aroldis Chapman of the Cincinnati Reds threw the fastest pitch ever recorded by the Major League Baseball.

  • On April 19, 2011, Chapman hit 106 miles per hour on the stadium radar gun (his pitch was recorded at 105 miles per hour on television, although the pitchF/X figure was really 102.4 miles per hour).
  • The first and most conventional method is to locate the horseshoe seam region, which is defined as the area where the seams are the furthest distant from one another.
  • The thumb is then positioned below the ball, about in the center of the two fingers on either side of the ball.
  • Fastballs with four seams are often regarded as the most important tool for moving up to the next level of competition.
  • The game of baseball continues to evolve, and as more and more study into the physics of pitching is published and recognized, fastball velocity training has grown more and more successful.
  • In the Major League Baseball, the average fastball velocity in 2008 was 90.9 mph.
  • Look at the runs scored metric to see the impact that this increase in velocity has had on batters in the major leagues to demonstrate this point.
  • Due to the significant increase in pitch velocity, primarily due to improved training and improved communication within the baseball community, velocity has become highly prized in the sport.
  • Pitchers are growing larger, quicker, and stronger, and they’re pushing their bodies in the weight room as well as with weighted ball throwing to achieve these results.

All of this has resulted in a more rapid and forceful game for pitchers on the mound today. As a result of higher pitch velocities, there have been fewer hits and other imbalances. To restore equilibrium, it has been recommended that the pitcher’s mound be moved further away from the dugout.

Two-seam fastball

Known variously as a two-seam fastball, tailing fastball, running fastball, orsinker, a two-seam fastball is a variation of the straight fastball with two seams. It is intended to have more movement than a four-seam fastball in order to prevent the hitter from hitting it hard, but it can be more difficult to learn and control than a four-seam fastball. Two-seam fastballs are also frequently referred to as “moving fastballs” because of their variation from the straight trajectory they take when thrown.

  • Asinkeris a fastball that is identical to a two-seam fastball except that it descends 3 to 6 inches more than a conventional two-seam fastball.
  • From the pads or tips of each finger to virtually the ball of each finger, each finger should be in contact with the seam.
  • To keep the thumb in place from side to centre of its pad, it must be resting on the seam.
  • This ball has a tendency to move a little bit for the pitcher based on the pitcher’s velocity, arm slot angle, and pressure spots on the fingers.
  • Depending on how the ball is gripped and how much pressure is exerted with the fingertips, the two-seam fastball might have more sink than lateral movement at times.
  • Several pitchers, including Roberto Hernández of the Philadelphia Phillies, Justin Masterson of the St.
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Rising fastball

It is true that some batters sense a rising fastball effect, however this is a baseball urban legend. Some batters are under the notion that they have seen a “rising” fastball, which begins with the trajectory of a normal fastball but rises several inches as it reaches the plate and gets a burst of speed as it approaches the plate. Tom Seaver, Jim Palmer, Sandy Koufax, Dwight Gooden, Nolan Ryan, and Chan Ho Park have all been referred to as “superior pitchers” when it comes to this type of ball movement.

  1. Despite the fact that it is not technically impossible (momentum is maintained by transferring the requisite opposite momentum to air, as an airplane does upon takeoff), the amount of spin required is much above the capability of a human arm.
  2. In all likelihood, the pitcher fires a fastball at one speed before throwing another fastball at a faster pace, all while maintaining the same arm action as the first.
  3. The additional backspin caused by the faster rotational speed reduces the amount of sink even further.
  4. The hitter views it as a fastball that has risen in the air and grown in speed as it approaches.
  5. An raised mound (the pitcher’s rubber is 10 inches above the level of the field) and a tall, hard-throwing pitcher who tosses the ball from a higher release point can also produce this illusion.
  6. Due to the hitter’s impression of the fastball passing through his hands at a higher level than the level at which he judged it to have left his pitcher’s hand, the fastball seems to have a “rising” motion when it passes him.
  7. Because of the low beginning point and flight trajectory of the ball, batters have the sense of the ball flying upward when they throw practically underhanded with their knuckles close to the field surface when they throw underhanded.

When it comes to fast-pitch softball, this sort of action is similar to that of a rising fastball. Left-hander Sid Fernandez was recognized for throwing a rising fastball from a somewhat “submarine” action, which was characteristic of his style. An animated representation of a cutter


A cut fastball, sometimes known as a “cutter,” is a fastball that is similar to a slider, except that the pitcher typically uses a four-seam grip. When throwing a four-seamer, the pitcher changes his or her grip (typically by slightly turning the thumb inwards and the two top fingers to the outside) in order to generate additional spin. This causes the pitch to shift inwards or outwards by a few inches, which is less than a standard slider and occurs more frequently late in the game. Because the grip and delivery of a cutter are essentially identical, it is beneficial for pitchers who have a powerful four-seam.

  • Mariano Rivera, a former New York Yankees reliever who has since retired, was well-known for throwing a cutter.
  • Al Leiter rode his cutter to 162 career victories and a no-hitter in his first season.
  • Because the grip places more stress on the forearm than a regular four-seamer, it is possible that Halladay’s 2006 season was cut short owing to forearm stiffness as a result of this.
  • On June 3, 2007, during a game against theRed Sox, commentator Joe Morgan assessed that 83 of Pettitte’s 87 pitches were cutters, according to Morgan’s estimates.
  • Many other major league pitchers have included the cut fastball into their arsenals as well.

Split-finger fastball

The split-finger fastball, sometimes known as a “splitter,” is a true off-speed pitch rather than a variation on the fastball. Although it is closely related to thechangeup, which it is thrown with the same arm action as a conventional fastball, the modified grip causes it to behave quite differently. A fastball does not have the usually tight spin that distinguishes it from a curveball. The ball looks to fall in a similar manner to a knuckleball, but it moves considerably more quickly than a knuckleball.

  • It is critical that at least one finger is in contact with the seam, since this contact is what gives you the capacity to regulate the release of the ball.
  • A splitter normally descends as it reaches the plate and breaks to the right or left depending on the direction of the descent.
  • Long, flexible fingers are often required by a pitcher in order to throw this pitch well.
  • It is advantageous to have bigger hands when throwing this pitch.
  • The mechanics of the pitch are the same as a typical fastball, but the amount of force placed on the hand and arm is significantly higher.
  • Because of this, it is not suggested that younger pitchers learn to throw this pitch.
  • The splitter is a successful pitch because the batter usually picks up on the movement later and swings over the ball or hits a weak ground ball with little effort.

Some former players who have used the split-finger fastball include Bruce Sutter, Mike Scott, John Smoltz, Jack Morris, Kazuhiro Sasaki, Bryan Harvey, Roger Clemens, Dan Haren, and Fred Breining, among others.


It wasn’t until around 1930 that the word “incurve” was coined to denote a straightforward fastball. Due to the fact that a curveball was frequently referred to as a “outcurve,” one may infer that an incurve is the polar opposite of a curveball, or, in other words, the current screwball. However, according to John McGraw’s research, this does not appear to be the case. Curves are used to describe any balls that have been bent from their normal trajectory. The outcurve, the drop, the down shot, and other variations are just a curve ball thrown at the professional player.

That is referred to as a fastball in baseball.

A so-called incurve is nothing more than a ball that has been hurled with considerable energy in a natural manner.

Side-arm fastball

A side-arm fast ball is one that is launched at a different angle than the standard one. As the name implies, it is thrown from the side at a lower angle, hence the term “side”-arm. If the pitcher is right-handed, the pitch will have a sinking action to the right, and if the pitcher is left-handed, the pitch will have a sinking motion to the left. It is often thrown at a slower pace than a traditional four-seam fastball.


Sidd Finch was nearly too wonderful to be true at one point in his life. A 168 mph fastball with pinpoint precision was thrown by the rookie pitcher during in spring training with the New York Mets, and it was stated that he had broken all previous pitching records in baseball. Sporting a yogi and prodigy on the French horn, Finch was in reality the subject of a sophisticated April Fools’ Day prank perpetrated by sports writer George Plimpton and Sports Illustrated. Finch had been hailed as “too good to be true.” However, the story of Finch serves as a reminder that speed captures our attention in a way that few other sports abilities can.

  • That is, until Cuban émigré Aroldis Chapman, who pitched for the Reds, Cubs, and Yankees, made 100mph fastballs a normal occurrence by dominating the major leagues.
  • In the same way that Roger Bannister’s mile opened the floodgates for future four-minute milers, Chapman’s flamethrower appears to have prepared the way for a new generation of flamethrowers to come forward.
  • This number has more than doubled in the previous ten years.
  • In addition, it should be highlighted that speed alone does not guarantee success as a pitcher.
  • One of the mysteries of velocity is that people who have been blessed with a golden arm have acquired it through a variety of means and with a variety of body types.
  • “I believe I threw harder than other kids my age while I was growing up,” Wohlers adds.
  • Wohlers considered throwing his first pitch over 100 mph to be a watershed event in his career: “At the time, I thought it was fairly remarkable since not a lot of players had done it.” The development of others is more gradual, and they make a noticeable leap as they get larger and stronger.

“And then one night I threw 97 miles per hour,” says Greene, who pitches in the Kansas City Royals’ system.

If you take a look at the pitchers that throw the hardest, you’ll see that they come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

Hicks is recorded as being 6ft 2in and 185lbs, which is a more modest height and weight.

Glenn Fleisig, research director of the American Sports Medicine Institute, explains that this is one of the most appealing aspects of baseball.

He argues that strong genetics and solid mechanics are what distinguish those pitchers from the rest.

In Greene’s opinion, the ability to create velocity in an explosive manner with a forceful and athletic action, regardless of body type, distinguishes high velocity pitchers like Hicks from the others.

The fact that pitchers do not have the physique of power lifters is due in part to the fact that muscular strength alone does not account for the velocity generated when pitching.

Professor Neil Roach of Harvard University studied the biomechanics of collegiate baseball players’ throwing motions in order to gain a better understanding of the development of the throwing motion.

This elastic energy, which is triggered by intense hip and trunk movements and stored in the tendons, ligaments, and connective tissue of the muscles, contributes to the creation of shoulder rotation, which is the quickest motion the human body can make.

One of those elastic structures, known as the ulnar collateral ligament or UCL, is a band of fibrous tissue that runs around the inside of the elbow.

“We’ve reached the upper limit of our velocity because we’ve reached the upper limit of what the UCL ligament can withstand,” explains Fleisig.

Because science cannot twist the elbow of a pitcher to failure during testing in a biomechanics lab, Fleisig’s study on the upper limits of velocity is based on dead corpses, rather than living ones.

It’s a belief shared by Roach, who believes that there are physiological limits to performance.

According to Fleisig, “teams have fallen in love with velocity because radar gun speed is one component that translates to the next level.” “It’s something that they’re overemphasizing right now,” he added.

Vulnerability, however, is a fickle mistress, for some being the key to a successful professional career, while for others it is a gift that is squandered due to injury or by throwing too hard for too long.

According to Roach, “we no longer toss to kill wildlife for food; instead, we do so in the framework of sports.” “This does not always imply an increase in the number of children” (the only real metric that evolution can act upon).

The Measure Of A Fastball Has Changed Over The Years

A quick fastball now travels far faster than it did in the past. On September 24, 2010, Aroldis Chapmant delivered the fastest pitch in big league history, setting a new record. His fastball clocked in at 105.1 mph, breaking the previous record of 105 mph set by Randy Johnson. Although it was not Chuck Yeager who broke the sound barrier, it was a noteworthy achievement. However, Major League Baseball presently classifies that pitch as a fastball with a velocity of 105.8 mph. The speed of Chapman’s quickest fastball has increased by roughly a mile per hour during the course of the previous ten-year period.

  • How is this possible?
  • A baseball begins to slow down as soon as it leaves the pitcher’s hand because to drag.
  • Alan Nathan of the University of Illinois’ Department of Physics, a fastball that leaves a pitcher’s hand at 100 mph would (at sea level) slow down by 9 to 10 percent by the time it crosses the plate, which is 55-58 feet away from the pitcher’s hand.
  • Petersburg, Florida.
  • In the current MLB Statcast system, the velocity of a pitch is measured as soon as it leaves the pitcher’s hand.
  • It was for this reason that Chapman’s quickest fastball reached an extra.7 mph.
  • The original radar guns, which appeared at baseball stadiums in the late 1970s and early 1980s, measured pitches that were considerably closer to the plate than they are now.
  • Speedgun was referred to as the “slow gun” by scouts, while the JUGS gun was referred to as the “fast gun” since it registered faster readings.
  • When the gun registered velocity at a point closer to the pitcher’s release point than the JUGS gun, the JUGS gun was relegated to the slow gun position.
  • The technology continues to advance.
  • As a result, when you read about fastballs hitting 85-90 mph from the early 1980s, keep in mind that they would be registering considerably quicker with today’s monitoring technology.

As a result, the 100 mph pitches thrown by Nolan Ryan in 1974 (as recorded by Rockwell laser/radar devices placed pretty near to the plate) seem even more astounding now.

How Fast Can the Average Person Throw a Baseball?

Fastball velocity is extremely crucial in baseball, as anyone who follows the sport and understands pitching tactics would attest. The throwing speed of a pitcher may have a significant impact on their effectiveness on the mound, hence how quickly one can throw is important. Even with extensive practice, the ordinary individual would be lucky to throw a baseball faster than 50 miles per hour. Within a trained player’s age group, the average throwing velocity is between 40-50 mph among young players around 9 or 10, between 55-75 mph among players between ages 10 and 17, and an average of 80 mph among players aged 18 and over.

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During our discussion on how to raise your pitching velocity, we’ll also delve at the components that impact pitching velocity.

Throwing Velocity As per Different Age Groups

There isn’t a single average pitching velocity that applies to all age groups at the same time. The comparison of a high-level 20-something pitcher in the same velocity range as a Little Leaguer who has just recently hit puberty isn’t accurate or fair. The ability to throw a baseball quickly is certainly influenced by one’s age. Consider the following average fastball velocity for different age groups, keeping this information in mind:

10-Year-Olds and Younger

The throwing velocity of these small athletes is between 40 and 50 miles per hour on average. Because the average changeupspeed at this age is around 10 mph slower than the average speed at this age, the average speed is between 30-40 mph.

11 to 12 Year-Olds

The average fastball velocity among 11 and 12-year-olds is 50-60 miles per hour. As a result of changeup speed, the average velocity at this age is 40-50 miles per hour.

13 to 14-Year-Olds

Kids between the ages of 13 and 14 are often nearing the conclusion of their Little League careers. Their average speed is between 55 and 75 miles per hour.

High Schoolers

These are teenagers between the ages of 14 and 18. Because of the vast age range among high school players, they are frequently separated into smaller groups. Freshmen have a throwing speed that is closer to that of the 13 and 14-year-olds above, but the older group, who are 18 years old, can pitch at speeds ranging from 75 to 95 mph. Sophomores are at the middle of the spectrum. High schoolers have a changeup speed that is around 10 or 15 mph slower than that of college students, therefore the throwing speed at this age ranges between 60 and 75 mph.

Above 18 Years of Age

The majority of pitchers reach their peak throwing velocity after 18 years of professional competition. However, this does not rule out the possibility of them increasing their speed. Despite the fact that one has passed the teenage years, it is still possible to achieve higher scores on the radar gun.

Players with throwing speeds of up to 90 mph can be found at the college and professional levels. Changeup is approximately 15 mph slower at this age. As a result, the average pitching velocity for this age group is in the upper 70s.

The Verdict

As a player progresses from infancy to adolescence and then maturity, the velocity of his fastball varies. The most common reason for an increase in pitching speed is related to age and other variables (which we will discuss further in the following section).

How to Increase Your Pitching Velocity

In addition to innate physical variables, taught tactics, and exposure to large throwing volumes, pitching velocity is impacted by a complex combination of environmental influences. Individually, each of these factors has an effect on pitching speed, but their effects are also dependant on one another. Consequently, are you prepared to fire up that radar gun at high levels of speed? Then continue reading for some of the most efficient methods for increasing your pitching velocity.

Build Your Strength

In order to be able to throw hard, you must first increase your physical strength. Strength may be thought of as the capacity to develop power inside you, or the capability to throw harder. So the more strength you have, the more power you can generate to throw the ball further and more quickly. So, what is the best way to increase your strength? You have to put in the effort and sweat (pun intended) to achieve it. During your training sessions, it is unavoidable to do some little weight lifting here and there.

Ultimately, you should try to gradually expose your body to heavier loads in order to gain even more strength.

Generate Power

When it comes to throwing velocity, power is a critical component to consider. In order to produce power, you must combine force and velocity in some way. Force is roughly the same as the strength we discussed earlier, and speed relates to the speed with which your arm moves. When you use that force at the optimal speed in a specific direction while employing the greatest mechanics, you will see an increase in your throwing velocity. The ability to do so is something that may be learned and developed via training and physical activity.

In order to achieve success, you will need to put in the necessary effort.

Apply Effective Mechanics

Pitching mechanics is the term used to describe the actual procedures used to toss the baseball. The act of throwing a baseball is a complicated and time-consuming operation. It necessitates being conscious of one’s own motions as well as the location of certain body parts. Proper mechanics will guarantee that your strength is utilized efficiently in order to generate adequate power to throw the baseball. Here are some ideas to help you improve your driving mechanics:

  • Increase the amount of time between the touch of the stride foot and the greatest external rotation of the throwing shoulder
  • Learn how to use your glove arm motion effectively. During the leg kick, raise the lead knee to between 60 and 70% of your whole standing height. During stride foot contact, you should bend your knee even further. Increase the amount of elbow flexion you have at foot strike
  • Increase the amount of maximal external rotation you have in your shoulder
  • Increase the pace at which your torso and pelvis rotate
  • During the ball release, increase the knee flexion of the front leg. When the ball is released, tilt your upper body. Ideally, the length of your stride should be at least 90 percent of your height. Make use of a four-seam grip
  • Extend your wrists. When you’re pitching, make use of your forearm.

When it comes to communication, a good “pitcher” is worth a thousand words. Here’s an example of how to use these mechanics to pitch like a pro, broken down in an easy-to-understand and methodical manner:

Practice Pitching

The ancient adage “practice makes perfect” holds true in this case. The more time you spend throwing baseballs, the more you will understand and ingrain the mechanics of throwing the ball.

You will be able to maximize your pitching in this manner. Gaining consistent throwing practice also leads in your body’s muscles and joints becoming appropriately acclimated to the pitching actions, allowing you to achieve possibly higher velocities.

Ensure Adequate Mobility

There are a number of critical joints that must have sufficient mobility in order to apply successful throwing mechanics. The throwing shoulder, hips and pelvis, and thoracic spine are just a few of the joints that are involved.

Increase Body Weight

A ballplayer’s body weight increases his or her ability to generate force. In addition, additional body weight generates more forward momentum as the batter approaches the home plate. The fact that these two benefits are proof that body weight plays a vital part in effectively pitching and boosting throwing speed, even while body weight alone is not adequate to increase pitching skill,

Avoid Muscular Fatigue

When your body experiences soreness, which results in muscular discomfort, you will know that you have muscle exhaustion. However, there are situations when the exhaustion is not immediately apparent. Ballplayers should, on the other hand, avoid overexerting oneself to the point of muscle tiredness, especially if they have a game scheduled in the immediate future. The reason for this is because muscular tiredness causes a reflex reaction that prevents certain motions from occurring, which may aggravate the stiffness and discomfort.

Now, if this occurs while you are scheduled to pitch in a crucial game, you will be unable to pitch as well as you should be able to.

You’ll be able to forgo sessions or reduce the number of exercises you do in the weeks leading up to your next start.


To summarize, the throwing speed of the average individual is determined by the age group in which they are placed.

  • Player’s that are ten years old or younger have an average speed of 40-50 miles per hour. The average speed of 11 to 12-year-olds is 50 to 60 mph
  • The average speed of 13 to 14-year-olds is 55-75 mph
  • And the average speed of 18-year-olds is in the upper 70s. Players above the age of 18 have an average age in the 80s.

It is very feasible to raise one’s pitching velocity by focusing on the numerous factors that determine pitching velocity. Physical strength, power, mechanics, mobility, and body weight are all factors to consider. Aside from that, make sure to avoid physical exhaustion immediately before you need to be at your peak performance. I hope you found this post to be informative. Thank you for taking the time to read this! Don’t forget to read on for additional information. What Does a Monster Truck Cost?

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Why It’s Almost Impossible for Fastballs to Get Any Faster

Having a phenomenally fastfastball isn’t the outlier it used to be anymore. The average number of triple-digit fastballs thrown by Major League pitchers in a single season was 196 back in the day a decade ago. Last year, 40 pitchers combined for a total of 1,017 innings. However, as the popularity of baseball’s signature pitch has grown, the velocity of the pitch has remained constant. Consider the consternation around the game’s fastest fastball in history. In terms of pure speed, the award belongs to New York Yankees bullpen pitcher Aroldis Chapman, who recorded a speed of 105.1 miles per hour in 2010.

  • Nolan Ryan was the first Major League Baseball pitcher to be followed by radar during a game at the time, and while his heater reached speeds of 100.8 miles per hour, the radar measured Ryan’s ball just before it crossed the plate in the first inning.
  • Similar retroactive estimations have estimated the quickest fastball thrown by Cleveland Indians pitcher Bob Feller at 107.6 miles per hour—and that was way back in 1946.
  • All of this is to claim that pitchers have been throwing fastballs in excess of 100 mph for the past century.
  • The human race, on the other hand, appears to have reached a stalemate when it comes to flinging a 5-ounce leather-wrapped spherical at high speed.

I’m sorry.” The sport of baseball is not like other sports, in which we witness individuals running faster, swimming harder, or doing anything, and in which the records set today destroy the records set ten years ago.” The fact that pitchers are targeting the triple-digit barrier at the price of their arms has not deterred them from doing so.

  1. As in the case of the “Tommy John” surgery: When a pitcher’s elbow tendon is torn, doctors can replace it with a new one taken from the player’s wrist, forearm, hamstring, or even their toe, depending on the situation.
  2. According to a poll conducted in 2012, one-quarter of Major League pitchers had undergone the Tommy John procedure at some time during their professional careers.
  3. Fleisig believes that the growth in the number of Tommy John surgery is due to the tremendous pressure placed on a pitcher’s arm by flinging baseballs at batters.
  4. Approximately 100 Newton meters of torque is applied to the shoulder ligaments during the flinging of the arm.
  5. The equivalent of carrying five 12-pound bowling balls at each point, according to Fleisig, is the weight of the ring.

On your elbow or shoulder, that’s exactly how it would feel.” He claims that when pitchers are subjected to tremendous stresses, they are basically throwing their arms off. The likelihood of their throwing significantly faster appears to be quite low.

5 Pitching Velocity Myths

Many typical pitching velocity misconceptions in baseball are perpetuated during the late winter months, when everyone begins to examine their own velocity. As a result, having a discussion regarding pitching velocity is a worthy endeavor. What is the source of this phenomenon? How are we going to construct it? Is the number 100 the new ninety? Is it true that everyone is throwing 90 now? Continue reading for the answers.

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Common Pitching Velocity Questions

  • How far am I willing to toss in contrast to everyone else? Is my throwing force strong enough to be noticed? When I toss, why don’t I throw as hard as (insert name here)
  • When I throw, I am not getting the velocity I had hoped for or have thrown in the past. When it comes to bullpen speed, what is a decent number? I’m not sure where I should be throughout the season.

All of these are acceptable points of discussion. Almost everyone anticipates gaining 5 miles per hour and throwing their new maximum speed into the bullpen. However, this is not the case in reality. Examine five common fallacies about pitching velocity, as well as some of the accepted norms for crow hop, bullpen, and mound velocity in this article.

Brand New Video on Pitching Velocity Myths

You should begin by thoroughly reading my complete throwing mechanics article if you wish to increase the velocity of your pitches.

First: Learn More About Pitching Velocity in This Video

There are several elements that influence the speed at which a throw is delivered. Pitching velocity is difficult to develop and requires a long-term commitment on the part of the pitcher. Continue reading, though, for more on our topic today on pitching velocity misconceptions. First and foremost, it should be stated that for pitchers, velocity is measured from the mound. What matters is how hard the pitcher can throw from a crow hop to get out of a jam. If you are unable to throw that hard from a mound, you are not capable of throwing that hard.

  • His excitement is admirable, and though I’m not sure what he’s referring to (mound, crow hop, peak, or average?
  • The fact is that reaching 90mph is extremely difficult, and even more difficult to maintain an average speed of 90.
  • To suggest that it is within reach of the general public is to engender a great deal of false optimism.
  • Despite the fact that I do not believe that you must be a genetic freak to throw 90, I do feel that you must have strong athleticism, adequate flexibility, high-speed coordination, and fast-twitch muscle fibers, to mention a few requirements.
  • Sure, some people make significant strides forward later in their development (your author is one such example), but this is simply one fading side of the bell curve among many.
  • When it comes to the average Division-I baseball squad, each club typically has 4-8 guys who are capable of reaching 90 mph, albeit only one or two of them can average it.
  • There aren’t enough high-velocity arms available for coaches to fill up their rosters, even on the most successful teams in the country.

Which of your friends has a pitcher that can throw at speeds of 93 or 94 miles per hour?

When a pitcher throws every pitch at 90 (what I refer to as “throwing 90”), there is a significant difference between that pitcher and a pitcher who throws one pitch at 90 and 59 pitches at 87.

You will not be able to maintain the average if you do not do this.

How hard you throw cannot be a factor in your success as a pitcher whose primary goal is to obtain strikeouts.

For the most part, your “soft” fastballs must be no softer than 89 or 90 mph if you want to have any chance of averaging 90 or above.

There is too much fatigue for starting pitchers who throw hundreds of innings over the course of a spring and summer season.

Take, for example, MLB All-Stars, who often throw in the low-90s during the regular season but average 94-97 in one-inning All-Star outings.

According to, just 61 starting pitchers in Major League Baseball averaged 90 or above in 2013.

There aren’t nearly enough 93, 94, and 95 mph peak-speed arms on the market right now.

In spite of the fact that average and peak velocity are continuing to rise, pitching a baseball at 100 mph is still extremely unusual, with just a handful of pitchers now capable of reaching that speed — and even Aroldis Chapman does not average that speed.

It is absurd to believe that any point will become the new 90 at any time. The number 92 is the new 90, in my opinion, because it is now a threshold that is regularly averaged or exceeded by a majority of minor- and major-league pitchers these days.

But I Can crow-hop 100!

In my experience, there are athletes that can crow jump 100+ yet throw 89-92 from the mound. So, what does it matter? We perform some crow-hop throws at our facility, but I don’t think they’re really useful for pitchers, at least not yet. A common occurrence is for some players and coaches to promote crow hop speeds and then expect potential customers to think that these stated speeds actual mound speeds, which they aren’t. A basic crow hop, such as one performed by an infielder after fielding a grounder or by an outfielder after landing beneath a fly ball, will add an average of 3-4 mph to the speed of the ball.

Using what he called a “big, extremely aggressive run-up,” one of our interns from last summer, a reliever at a Division I school in Maryland who pitched last year between 87 and 91 mph, hit speeds of 99-102 mph with his run-up.

Running with a crow hop increased his max speed by ten miles per hour, which seems little considering that he can’t throw anywhere near this pace.

92 may be the new 90, but 90 is still a significant number.

Stalker Radar Gun – The Pro Standard

Due to my concern about communicating in the wrong language with coaches and scouts, we have two Stalker radar guns in our possession. Stalker guns, which are sophisticated doppler radar, are used by every scout in the Major League Baseball organization. The JUGS is the only other well-known doppler radar gun, and an older form of this device may be seen in the 101 mph film. These can have wildly fluctuating values since they use a different technique for estimating speed (from what I understand), one that tends to round numbers upward.

It’s crucial to note that, since the initial, slightly incorrect JUGS model in question here, there have been two more current versions released.

Consequently, the model and generation are very dependent on a variety of factors, and I have not tested the most current generation.

Jugs Radar Gun – Good But A Bit Distrusted

Before selling my old-model JUGS, I noticed that the speed was regularly 2-3mph above the legal limit. Before selling it, I stood it next to my Stalker to compare the two. Another one of our high schoolers was killed by me at 84-86 across a number of bullpens a few years back. That year, his first bullpen during tryouts was monitored by a JUGS gun, and he sat 88-91 in it. His coach was overjoyed and immediately informed this kid’s parents, who soon convinced him that he didn’t actually throw that hard; we had him throwing 84-86 all winter long.

The only way I can talk about one of our pitchers with confidence is if I know exactly how hard he throws. That’s why we chose Stalker, because it’s the same gun the scout will use to verify the results. I don’t want to make a fool of myself.

Ball Coach by Pocket Radar – Best For Velocity Tracking

In recent years, pocket radars have grown more popular for good reason: they are accurate, affordable, and small enough to fit in one’s back pocket. In the case of a parent or athlete who merely wants to track development over time (with either throwing velocity or exit speed right off the beginning), it’s an excellent alternative — standard radar devices are larger, clunkier, and not really essential for daily readings. In addition, because it’s so little, putting it up to take readings is much simpler.

  • In the bullpen, it’s common to throw 3-5 mph slower than in the field.
  • I struggle to go faster than 88 mph when I don’t have any adrenaline in my system; this has always been the case.
  • He hit 98 one night and sat 94-96 in front of a small group of scouts the next day.
  • According to him, he was contacted by an MLB team in the offseason after impressing a few of scouts in Fargo.
  • This is what he stated to me in response to my question.
  • I advised them not to bother.
  • Maybe I could reach 91 mph in a bullpen session.

This is something I always remind myself of when I am feeling down.

It offers me, and by extension, all of us, reason to be hopeful.

As for your bullpen, if you’re like the majority of 88-91 pitchers, it’s probably in the 84-87 area.

In addition, if you’re throwing equally as hard in practice as you do in a game, you’ve mastered the art of summoning game intensity in practice – congratulations on your accomplishment, but I’m not sure what the value of doing so is exactly.

Bullpens that put in 100 percent effort are only capable of producing 92 percent of a pitcher’s maximum in-game speed, which is a frustrating truth.

However, being realistic is a fantastic way to approach the situation with your eyes wide open to the facts of the situation.

Want to Throw Harder? Download My Free Checklist for Pitchers.

Regardless of how hard you throw today, put out your best effort today to improve yourself for tomorrow. Are you doing all of the tasks that you should be? Please see my pitchers’ development checklist if you want to understand more about what high-level pitchers do. In addition, you’ll receive a VIP film that explains everything, as well as access to my weekly email.

Pitching Velocity FAQ

Do you have a question? Leave a comment and have a look at these frequently asked questions.

How difficult is it to throw 90 mph?

It’s still quite challenging. Despite the fact that more pitchers than ever before have reached this milestone, throwing a baseball 90 miles per hour is still a challenging and impressive accomplishment. Although social media makes it look as if “everyone” throws 90 nowadays, the fact is that this is still a relatively unusual occurrence in the sport. A 90-mph “sit,” which means that the average velocity of every pitch is 90 mph or more, is even more difficult to come by.

If you throw 100mph on a run, how fast would you throw off a mound?

It will probably be 6-12 mph slower. When jogging or conducting a “run and gun,” pitchers often throw roughly 8-10 mph quicker than when pitching from the mound, according to statistics. As a result, if you throw 100 mph off a crow hop running toss, you will most likely throw 90-92 mph off the pitching mound.

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