How Much Money Do Baseball Players Make?
Baseball is widely considered to be America’s national game, and many children dream of one day playing on a major league diamond. However, the chances of doing this are dismayingly slim, and the road ahead is treacherous. However, while the media is preoccupied with stories about the mind-bogglingly high, multimillion-dollar wages of famous players, there are literally hundreds of baseball aspirants who will never be offered such a lucrative deal.
Major League Baseball is comprised of 30 clubs, each having 25 players, for a total of 750 players now on the roster. They play a total of 162 games during the season. Starting in mid-February, exhibition games are played until the team’s official opening day, which takes place during the first week of April. The majority of players, though, begin their professional careers in the minor leagues after being drafted. There are more than 200 clubs in the lower leagues, with around 6,000 players total.
The chances of a player who comes up through the lower leagues making it to the major leagues are around 10%.
It’s possible for athletes to spend up to ten years in the minor leagues before being called up to the majors.
To play in Major League Baseball, you do not need to have a formal education. It is possible for players to be selected right out of high school, or they can attend college and then be drafted after graduation.
Industry and Salaries
The stated average pay of a Major League Baseball player is $4.38 million dollars. The median income of $1.5 million, on the other hand, offers a different narrative about the overall profits of all participants. Because of the vast number of players earning multimillion-dollar wages, the average is skewed. According to the latest recent statistics, 38 players earn more than $20 million each year, while 125 players earn more than $10 million. Consider the following scenario: Consider the following scenario: a group of ten players gets together for a beer.
- The remaining nine players will only receive $50,000 apiece.
- Is it even making any sense?
- The median income provides a more accurate portrayal of the salary distribution than the mean income.
- The median household income for the sample group is $50,000.
- When it comes to baseball salaries, pitching is one of the highly paid jobs.
- A review of the most recent contracts reveals that 15 pitchers earn more than $20 million per year.
- The average salary for a designated hitter is $ 13.4 million, while the median income is $14.3 million, according to Baseball Prospectus.
- Their ages range from early to mid-30s, with the majority of them having established themselves as steady, dependable performers.
- Right fielders, for example, make an average pay of $5.2 million per year, with a median income of $3 million per year.
First basemen are quite well compensated. It is estimated that they have an average net worth of $6.9 million and a median net worth of $3 million. It is less lucrative to work as a shortstop, with an average income of $2.6 million and a median compensation of $1 million.
With a maximum of 30 clubs and a maximum of 25 active players per roster, the number of players in the league cannot rise until the league expands its roster of participating teams. However, because the typical playing life is 5 1/2 years, fresh players are continuously required to fill in for those who have retired. Aspiring high school baseball players hear stories about the millions of dollars that professional sportsmen earn and dream of earning that kind of money one day in their own sport.
Assuming a player is already excellent enough to get a significant signing bonus, he will make little more than a thousand dollars per month while playing in the minor league.
The Average Salary of a Pro Baseball Player
A labor organization, the Major League Baseball (MLB) Players Association, has negotiated with club owners to determine the minimum salary and working conditions for professional baseball players since its formation in 1966. The numbers indicated, on the other hand, are merely the bare minimums. As indicated by their multimillion-dollar salaries, athletes have the potential to earn earnings that are far higher than those stipulated in the Collective Bargaining Agreement.
In 2019, according to data from USA Today, the average pay of a Major League Baseball player on one of the 30 Major League clubs was $30,000 per year ($30 million annually). There were no delayed payments or incentive clauses included in these figures, and there was also no money paid or received in trades for players who had not yet been released. Compared to the yearly salary of $53,490 received by the typical worker in the United States in May 2019, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, or the annual salary of $51,370 made by the average athlete in the country, this is a significant increase.
The New York Yankees were the Major League Baseball club with the highest compensation in 2020, earning an average of $9.7 million per year and having a total payroll of $254 million. The highest-paid player on the squad was pitcher Gerrit Cole, who got $36 million. He was followed by designated hitter Giancarlo Stanton, who earned $26 million, and pitcher Masahiro Tanaka, who earned $23 million in his first season with the organization. Most of baseball’s lowest-paid players earned $563,500 or less.
Ben Heller, Thario Estrada and Michael King were among the lowest-paid players with $563,500 or less.
The Miami Marlins, with a total payroll of $59.9 million, earned the lowest compensation of any Major League Baseball team in 2020, averaging $2.2 million each year on average. Among the team’s highest-paid players was infielder Jonathan Villar, who received $8.2 million.
He was followed by outfielder Corey Dickerson, who earned $8 million, and infielder Miguel Rojas, who earned $4.7 million. Andrew Parrino, Stephen Tarpley, and Magneuris Sierra were the players with the lowest salaries in Major League Baseball, earning a total of $563,500.
the Los Angeles Angels’ center fielder Mike Trout, who earned $37.7 million in 2020; pitcher Gerrit Cole of the New York Yankees, who earned $36 million; pitcher Max Scherzer of the Washington Nationals, who earned $35.9 million; and pitcher Zach Greinke of the Houston Astros, who earned $35 million in 2020.
The Major League Baseball Collective Bargaining Agreement defines the minimum player pay up to and including the year 2021. In 2020, the bare minimum rate was $555,500 per year. A cost of living adjustment is included at the same rate as in 2019, and the amount is rounded to the closest $500. Salaries could not be reduced below the bare minimum of the previous year’s remuneration. The additional compensation included payments for providing team services in addition to playing baseball, lump sum payments for trading or releasing a player, the value of individual property rights granted to a player by the club, and compensation for career employment following a player’s Major League Baseball playing career, though the specific amounts were not disclosed.
How Much Does The Average AAA Baseball Player Make In Salary? (Explained!)
The most recent update was made on July 3, 2021 by According to The Athletic, an average AAA baseball player earns around $15,000 per year as of 2018. The average salary of a single-A baseball player is $6,000, while the average salary of a double-A baseball player is $9,350 a year. Minor League Baseball isn’t a particularly exciting sport in which players may earn a nice living. Minor league players are paid a pittance in comparison to their Major League Baseball counterparts, who make hundreds of millions of dollars for their efforts on the field, as well as millions of dollars in sponsorships and Major League contracts after they leave the field.
It’s really a shame that the players at the Rookie level earn so little of the millions of dollars that are brought in every season.
The Table Below Contains The Disparities In The Annual And Weekly Salaries Of Minor League Baseball Players In Single-A, Double-A, And Triple-A.
They are living below the poverty line. In order for these players to maintain a reasonable standard of living, they must work additional jobs, endure horrendous living circumstances, and even eat rotten food as they attempt to reach the top of the game. The unfortunate aspect of this is that high draft picks do not take these annoyances seriously, which is a shame. When a first-year baseball player who has recently graduated from college or high school is signed, he will receive signing bonuses in the 6-figure and 7-figure range, which is comparable to a regular wage.
An official document from the Major League Baseball (MLB) said that all Major League teams were required to enhance the salary of minor leaguers by at least 38 percent to 72 percent over the previous year.
One may even argue that they do not come close to matching the wages of a typical high school janitor.
What Is The Basic Salary Of Minor League Baseball players?
We are all aware that minor leaguers are not well compensated, but the specific sum they receive will leave you in a state of shock. According to The Athletic, the typical AAA baseball player earns around $15,000 per year in 2018. The average salary of a single-A baseball player is $6,000, while the average salary of a double-A baseball player is $9,350 a year. As previously stated, there is a proposal to raise the minimum pay for rookies and short-season level players in order to compensate for inflation.
Players at the single-A level will see an increase in their minimum weekly compensation from $290 to $500 per week.
As you may be aware, Triple-A players are at the top of the salary scale, earning anything from $502 to $700 each week.
What Is The Minor League Pay At Different Levels?
1. RookieShort-Season: $400 minimum weekly compensation for the first season. 2. Single-A: a weekly salary of at least $500. 3. Double-A: a minimum weekly wage of $600 is required. 4. Triple-A: a minimum weekly wage of $700. That might appear to be a reasonable wage to you, but it is not! Let’s run some numbers through our heads. If a rookie makes $400 each week, he will take home $1,600 per month in his pocket. As a result, if the season only lasted 5 months, he will earn a total of $8,000 throughout the course of the year.
- As a result, they’re more likely than not to have a second job in addition to their professional baseball career.
- It may seem strange to you, yet it is the fundamental reality!
- In all likelihood, even if a Minor Leaguer is paid for the whole season of a Minor League team, he or she will not earn as much as a janitor.
- It’s completely insane!
What Is The Average MLB Salary?
Major League Baseball players make hundreds of millions of dollars for their efforts on the field, and they also walk away with lucrative endorsement deals and long-term contracts with the league. We are not referring to high-profile (free agency) players who are hired just for the purpose of being on show on the first day of the season’s regular season. The average salary of the best Major League Baseball players are what we are about to investigate. These players earn significantly more than their counterparts in the Minor Leagues.
In the Major League Baseball, the average compensation of a player is around $4 million per year. A raise in the minimum wage of Major League Baseball players from $555,000 per year to $570,500 per year was implemented in November 2020, effective immediately.
What Is The Lowest Salary In The MLB?
According to a 2017 agreement between Major League Baseball and players, the minimum pay agreement was $535,000, which was later upped to $545,000 in 2018 and $555,000 in 2019. The good news is that these players will now earn a minimum of $570,500 in their first season with the organization.
Which Is Better – AA Or AAA?
The Triple-A or AAA ranking is the highest possible in the Minor League Baseball system. Any player who reaches this level has a good chance of being signed by a Major League team to play for them in the future. It is much superior than the double-A or AA ranking.
Which Position In Baseball Makes The Most Money?
The Designated Hitter is the position with the highest salary in Major League Baseball. Players in this position are compensated more generously than their teammates. This is only to inform you that players in the Major League Baseball do not all get the same amount of money.
Minor League Baseball players do not receive adequate compensation, despite the widespread belief that baseball is a financially lucrative sport in the United States. Minor Leaguers get a pittance in comparison to their Major League Baseball colleagues, who are lavishly compensated with millions of dollars in annual salaries. Finally, we’ve come to the conclusion of this enlightening post. If you were looking for information about the average wage of a AAA baseball player, we hope that this article was helpful in your search.
Apr 16, 2021 NEW YORK CITY – In comparison to the start of the previous full season in 2019, the average major league payroll declined 4.8 percent to little under $4.17 million on Opening Day. According to an Associated Press assessment of big league contracts, the average salary has dropped 6.4 percent from the start of the 2017 season, when it peaked at $4.45 million, according to the average salary. The decline in baseball salaries is just another indication that the sport is on the verge of labor unrest and a probable work stoppage in 2022.
- Currently, the median income – the point at which an equal number of players earn more or less than the median salary – is $1.15 million, down 18 percent from $1.4 million two years ago and a decrease of 30 percent from the $1.65 million record high reached at the beginning of 2015.
- Of the 902 players on Opening Day rosters, 417 earned less than $1 million in salary.
- Trevor Bauer, the Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher, will be the highest-paid player in 2021, earning $38 million after agreeing to a three-year, $102 million contract that he can opt out of after one season.
- Mike Trout of the Los Angeles Angels is second on the list with $37.1 million, followed by New York Yankees pitcher Gerrit Cole ($36 million) and St.
- Los Angeles Dodgers won the World Series and earned $241 million, setting a new record for the greatest big-league total since the Dodgers established the previous record of $270 million at the beginning of the 2015 season.
- When the Associated Press began tracking salaries in 1989, the average was little more than $500,000, and it dropped just twice before 2017: following the 1994-95 strike and between the 2003 and 2004 seasons.
- The average increased by 15.3 percent during the 2007-11 contract period and by 32.6 percent during the 2012-16 contract period.
With their participation on Opening Day, the average would have improved by around $24,000, reducing the loss from 4.2 percent to 4.2 percent over two years.
The average does not include termination money, option buyouts, or portions of signing bonuses paid to players who were released from their contracts.
The New York Yankees were second in payroll with $201 million, followed by the New York Mets, who were third with $186 million under new owner Steven Cohen.
Twelve clubs are under $100 million in revenue, with the Pittsburgh Pirates’ $46 million in revenue on Opening Day becoming the lowest total in a complete season since Houston’s $44.6 million in 2014, according to Forbes.
Because of the abbreviated season, pay for the previous year were reduced to 60/162nd, and they cannot be compared to previous years.
The wages and prorated portions of signing bonuses and other guaranteed income for players on active rosters and injured lists, as well as one player who began the season on the paternity list, are included in the Associated Press’ numbers.
In contrast, Major League Baseball’s luxury tax payrolls are calculated using average yearly values of contracts on 40-man rosters, plus around $15 million per team for perks and extended benefits, in order to calculate the luxury tax.
MLB average salary 2021
Major League Baseball can afford to pay its players well since it is one of the most popular sports leagues in the United States, with television viewers numbering in the millions. In 2021, the average pay for a player in the Major League Baseball was $4.17 million U.S. dollars. According to the average salary in 2003, this is an almost twofold increase. MLB wages have had their highs and lows. Despite the fact that the stars of every MLB club earn millions of dollars every year, there is still a minimum player pay in place to guarantee that all players are fairly paid for their contributions.
- In addition, annual player pay differ greatly from one organization to another: whereas players for the Pittsburgh Pirates earn an average of 1.69 million United States dollars per year, players for the New York Yankees earn an average of 7.69 million United States dollars per year.
- dollars, according to Forbes.
- After earning an annual salary of 37.12 million U.S.
- dollars in the season before that.
- Jacob deGrom, the top pitcher for the New York Mets, got a salary of 36 million dollars in the United States during the 2021 season.
MLB minimum salary 2003-2019
In order to guarantee that its players are appropriately rewarded for the job they accomplish, Major League Baseball has established a minimum player pay that must be met. The MLB minimum pay in 2021 was a respectable 570.5 thousand U.S. dollars per year, showing a consistent growth each year over the previous 15 years, according to the league.
Money to be made in the MLB
Players in Major League Baseball are well-known for receiving high yearly wages, in addition to performance incentives such as awards for winning games. Averaging around 4.17 million U.S. dollars per year, the average player wage in 2021 was more than seven times more than the minimum salary. The average player pay has also increased by about 100% since 2003, demonstrating the tremendous increase in wealth in baseball. Players’ salaries provided by different organizations fluctuate significantly, resulting in significant disparities between them.
When compared to players on the San Francisco Giants, who were anticipated to earn an average of 7.38 million United States dollars per year as of 2019, professionals on the Oakland Athletics were predicted to earn an average of only 2.09 million United States dollars per year.
MLB’s biggest earners
Certain positions in the Major League Baseball, such as first base and starting pitcher, are often more compensated than others because of the significant roles they are believed to play in the game. Jacob deGrom of the New York Mets and Gerrit Cole of the New York Yankees are the highest-paid players in Major League Baseball for the upcoming 2021 season, each earning a salary of 36 million United States dollars per season. The New York Yankees were the highest-paid baseball club in the Major League Baseball (MLB) in 2020, as the iconic franchise situated at Yankee Stadium had an opening day payroll of 254.19 million U.S.
For its part, the Miami Marlins were the most frugal team, with a payroll of just under 59 million dollars on opening day in the United States.
How Much Money Do MLB Players Really Make?
The 1994-95 MLB strike was viewed as a battle of “billionaires vs millionaires” by fans throughout the country, and it appears like we may be in for a rematch this season: In recent news pieces and comment columns regarding baseball’s current labor conflict — and even in stories about Little League baseball returning to action — that term has appeared again and again. If players and owners are unable to reach an agreement to play this season, or if there is a strike the next year, the negotiations for a new collective bargaining agreement are anticipated to be contentious and protracted “> 1It appears as though there will be more public discontent.
While not all allowners are billionaires, there are a few that are.
Player salary, on the other hand, are made open to the public.
According to the MLBPA’s analysis, of the 1,453 players who accrued at least one day of service time last season, 590 (40.6 percent) had earned less than $1 million in their professional careers, according to the MLBPA.
When you examine the number of players that have little or no major league experience, this division makes sense: Five hundred eighty-four (584) of the players who spent at least one day on their team’s 25-man roster or disabled list during the previous season have collected less than one season’s worth of service time.
The minimum salary in the league was scheduled to increase to $563,500 in 2020 “> 2 adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial adverbial ad Of course, when players gain more experience, they are able to increase their lifetime profits.
The overall earnings increased with each additional period of duty, and the total earnings increased even more with each succeeding period of service. However, total earnings do not convey the complete story since they do not include taxes.
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FiveThirtyEight spoke with agents who stated that taxes account for about half of player income, a statistic that is confirmed by a player’s paystub discovered in a dugout in 2015 and posted online. Taxes vary depending on the degree of state and municipal taxation in each jurisdiction, but even if athletes live in places where there are no income taxes, they may be subject to “jock taxes” on games played in states and cities where there are such taxes. Then there are the union dues, which are $85 per day throughout the season, and the agent fees, which are paid on any money earned beyond the league’s minimum wage of $1,500.
- Furthermore, the options for players to generate money are diminishing.
- According to the Major League Baseball Players Association, the average career service time for an active player was 4.79 years in 2005.
- This indicates that in less than two decades, the average length of a professional career has decreased by more than a full season.
- He had two years and 162 days of service time under his belt and earned $1.31 million in major league compensation.
- It wasn’t until 2013 that he signed his first major league deal.
- At the age of 31, Scahill made his final effort to make a baseball club and went into the real estate business after that.
The following scenario: A player has $1.31 million in big league earnings, however money earned in the lower leagues would help alleviate living expenses and potentially allow a player to save more.”> 5 If a player has $1.31 million in major league earnings, If he is able to save a quarter of his take-home income after taxes and union fees, he would end up with $156,200 in cash savings from his big league salary, similar to Scahill.
If such a player instead saved around 8 percent, which was the typical savings rate in the United States before to the coronavirus epidemic, he would complete his baseball career with only $50,000 in the bank from his professional baseball career.
Every dollar matters for the great majority of players, who will be playing for the rest of their lives.
Athletes — particularly those who are not billionaires — think they are less well-positioned than owners to bear the short-term financial consequences of a downturn in the market in 2020.
As a result, they’ve become quite entrenched in their negotiation position, which includes seeking prorated compensation and at least a half season’s worth of games. But, in the end, none of this may matter to baseball fans who simply want to enjoy their favorite sport once more.
Here are the highest-paid MLB players after Scherzer, Seager deals
Nationals With the New York Mets, Max Scherzer has become the highest-paid player in baseball after agreeing to a hefty contract extension. Today in the United States Max Scherzer’s contract is worth $130 million over three years. Robbie Ray will receive $115 million over the course of five years. Corey Seager will receive $325 million over the course of ten years. The high-profile transactions in Major League Baseball continued to flow on Monday, just days before the collective bargaining agreement comes to an end.
Those won’t be the last significant financial commitments made by the MLB this offseason, though, asCarlos Correa, Freddie Freeman, Trea Turner, Kris Bryant, Nick Castellanos, and Javier Baez, among others, are still on the market for new contracts this winter.
Who are the highest-paid MLB players?
It took a deal with a world-record value to get Scherzer to the Big Apple. The three-time Cy Young Award winner will receive an average yearly compensation of more than $43 million with the Mets, which is the largest contract in the history of the Major League Baseball (MLB). Scherzer, whose most recent contract had an average annual value of $30 million, surpassed fellow ace Gerrit Cole’s previous AAV record of $36 million, according to Baseball Prospectus. Cole is now the second-highest paid player in baseball, trailing only Scherzer in terms of salary.
- Mike Trout of the Los Angeles Angels, who earns $35.54 million per year on average, is just slightly behind Cole in terms of average yearly income.
- Stephen Strasburg, the outstanding right-hander for the Washington Nationals, and Angels third baseman Anthony Rendon round out the top five, with each earning $35 million.
- Louis Cardinals third baseman Nolan Arenado, only a few points outside the top five.
- While all was going on, Ray agreed to a one-year agreement with the Toronto Blue Jays worth $8 million in the summer.
- Combined with Minnesota Twins slugger Josh Donaldson and Chicago Cubs outfielder Jason Heyward, he has a $23 million average yearly pay, which puts him in a tie for 29th place.
- Max Scherzer of the New York Mets, who earned $43,333,3332.
- Gerrit Cole of the New York Yankees is worth $36 million dollars.
Francisco Lindor, New York Mets: $34.1 million 7: Trevor Bauer, Los Angeles Dodgers: $34 millionT-8; Corey Seager, Texas Rangers: $32.5 millionT-8; Nolan Arenado, St.
Mookie Betts of the Los Angeles Dodgers, who earned $30,416,667 in 2017.
The Boston Red Sox’s Chris Sale is worth $29 million.
The Milwaukee Brewers’ Christian Yelich has a salary of $26,928,57117.
Louis Cardinals, received a $26 million contract.
Marcus Semien (Texas Rangers) and Justin Verlander (Houston Astros) each received $25 million in salary for the 2019 season.
George Springer of the Toronto Blue Jays will receive a $25 million contract.
Robinson Cano (New York Mets) is worth $24 million dollars.
Jose Altuve of the Houston Astros is ranked 26th with a salary of $23,357,14327.
Robbie Ray (Seattle Mariners) was signed for $23 million on July 29.
Kevin Gausman (Toronto Blue Jays) signed a $22 million contract.
A total of $21 millionT-36 was paid to Noah Syndergaard of the Los Angeles Angels, while Yu Darvish of the San Diego Padres received $21 millionT-36.
Xander Bogaerts of the Boston Red Sox has been allocated $20 millionT-39 has been allocated to Alex Bregman of the Houston Astros has been allocated $20 millionT-39.
Charlie Morton of the Atlanta Braves will receive a $20 million contract.
Jose Berrios of the Toronto Blue Jays is ranked 45th with a salary of $18,714,28646.
Brandon Belt, San Francisco Giants: $18.4 million (47th overall pick).
Yelich, the Chicago White Sox’s Yasmani Grandal, was paid $18.25 million in T-49. $18 millionT-49 for Liam Hendriks, of the Chicago White Sox. A total of $18 millionT-49 was paid to Eric Hosmer of the San Diego Padres. Charlie Blackmon, Colorado Rockies: $18 million
Baseball’s Highest-Paid Players 2021: A New No. 1 As Mega-Contracts Reshuffle MLB’s Elite
FORBES created the illustration; photos by JAYNE KAMIN-ONCEA/GETTY IMAGES, RICH SCHULTZ/GETTY IMAGES, and Brace Hemmelgarn/Getty Images were used in the story.
MLB’s ten highest-paid players are breaking the bank, with Mets shortstop Francisco Lindor leading a group earning a combined $357 million.
All of the stadiums are jam-packed with supporters. The season will consist of a total of 162 matches. It will be the first time in a year that the All-Star Game will be played, after the epidemic destroyed it along with most of the baseball traditions that have defined summers in the United States for more than a century. When it comes to Major League Baseball, it’s back to business as usual, which means that the sport’s top performers are taking home record salaries. A record-breaking $357 million will be earned by the top 10 players in the Major League Baseball this season, an increase from last season’s $152 million, when the season was truncated to 60 games and players’ wages were cut by 63 percent.
Shortstop Francisco Lindor of the New York Mets leads this year’s list with $45.3 million in total earnings for 2021, including endorsements.
Rounding out the top five is Houston Astros pitcher Justin Verlander, who earns $34.2 million but is projected to miss the whole season while recovering from Tommy John surgery.
Torrey Smith, Mike Trout, and Gerrit Cole are among the eight players in baseball who have active contracts worth $300 million or more, with Trout’s $426.5 million deal completed last year being the most lucrative in baseball history.
Because of more lucrative national television contracts, the league is receiving an annual average of $1.55 billion, which is double the average under the previous contracts, which ran through 2013, and is expected to rise again to $1.84 billion under new seven-year contracts that will begin next season.
MLB reduced the number of minor league affiliates from 162 to 120 this season, a reduction that resulted in the elimination of hundreds of players from the sport’s development pipeline.
The Japanese baseball player Shohei Ohtani will make a total of $6 million from sponsorships this year, according to Forbes projections, a sum that would barely place him among the top 20 earners in the NBA.
Even well-known baseball players such as Cole Hamels and Stephen Strasburg have struggled to earn more than seven figures in sponsorships.
They can also point the finger at the sport’s more demanding schedule compared to its competitors in other sports.
“Every other sport has natural gaps in which players may participate in activities off the field, whether it’s community events or promotional activities,” says the coach.
Many in the baseball community are looking forward to the sport’s first labor stoppage in more than a quarter-century.
and San Diego Padres shortstop Fernando Tatis Jr., who are among the game’s brightest prospects.
However, this will take time. “It’s not something that can happen in a year or two,” Favorito adds of the process. In order to promote stars in ways that have never been done before, there must be a concentrated effort on the part of the players, the Players Association, and the league as a whole.