How To Read Baseball Scoreboard On Tv

Reading a baseball stat-tracker on TV

Learn to analyze the baseball game situation within 10 seconds of walking into room.Overview:In televised coverage of a baseball game, a game-tracker (also called a stat-tracker or other names) is usually provided to help you keep track of the action in a game. You should be able to see the game-tracker, and within 10-15 seconds have a pretty good sense of what is going on in the game.Below is an example of a game-tracker. It will usually be in the top-left corner of the screen so that it doesn’t interfere with the game.Summary:Oakland is playing the Angels at the Angels. Oakland leads 5 to 3 in the top of the fifth inning. Oakland is at bat, with an out and a runner on second. The count is 2 balls and 1 strike. For details of how to read this, see below.Inning info:On the top will be an arrow telling you inning information. The “5 th ” tells you that it is the fifth inning. Since the arrow/triangle next to the inning is pointing up, it is the top of the inning, so the visiting team is at bat. The visiting team always bats in the top of the inning and the home team always bats in the bottom of the inning.Team name and score:In this case, OAK, or Oakland, is the visiting team (the visiting team is always listed first). Some stat trackers will light up the team name that is at bat. In this case, OAK is highlighted in yellow to show that they are at bat. The score is listed next to the team name.Base-runners: The image to the right of the score shows the base-running situation. It is supposed to look similar to the order of the bases, with 1 st base at 3-o-clock, 2 nd base at noon, and third base at 9-o-clock. Home base is not always pictured, but would be in the 6-o-clock position. If a runner is on a base, that base will be highlighted. In this case, there is a runner on second base.Count and outs:The pitching count will also be listed. The balls are listed first, followed by the strikes. In this case, the count is 2 balls and 1 strike. The number of outs are also listed. In this case, there is one out.Example 2:Below is another popular version of the stat tracker. In this case, the tracker will be a single line across the top of the TV screen. The information is all the same as the first game-tracker, but is presented in a slightly different manner.Summary:Oakland is playing the Angels at the Angels. Oakland leads 4 to 2. It is the bottom of the 2 nd inning, so the Angels are at bat. They Angels have a man on 3 rd, with 2 outs, and the count is 0 balls and 2 strikes.

Beginner’s Guide: How to Read a Baseball Scoreboard

When you attend a baseball game, you will almost always see a massive scoreboard in the outfield that provides a seemingly limitless amount of information. Numerous numbers, letters, and statistics may be found, and each of these objects has its own distinct significance. How can you interpret a baseball scoreboard when you’re being bombarded with so much information at your disposal? Baseball scoreboards are read from left to right, with the names of the teams posted at the far left of the board to indicate who is playing.

The letters R, H, and E represent the number of runs, hits, and errors that happened throughout the whole game.

So let’s take a closer look at some of the more typical areas featured on baseball scoreboards, as well as those sections that are less popular.

Four Common Sections on All Baseball Scoreboards

It is not all baseball scoreboards are created equal, as you will see in some of the examples in this article. Aside from the fact that they do not all look the same, they also do not all carry the exact same information. However, there are four areas that can be seen on practically every baseball scoreboard.

Names of Each Team

One of the first things you’ll notice on a scoreboard is the names of the teams who are taking part in the competition. On the left-hand side of the scoreboard, these names are presented in alphabetical order, with the visiting team listed first and the home team listed last, starting with the visiting team. The fact that the home team is always ranked below the visiting team is due to the fact that the home team always bats second. Consequently, when we look at the next portion of the scoreboard, which is comprised of innings, we will be able to tell whether a game is in the top of an inning or the bottom of an inning.

Number of Runs Scored Per Inning

The number of runs scored every inning is represented by a large line of numbers directly to the right of each team’s name on the scoreboard. Baseball games can go anywhere from three to nine innings, depending on the league you’re in. As a result, this area of the scoreboard is usually the longest in terms of length. Prior to reading this area of the scoreboard, you should take note of the sequential numbers at the top of the screen, which are normally numbered from 1 to 9. Each of these numbers corresponds to a certain inning in a game of baseball.

  • The numbers are displayed just beneath each inning.
  • For example, if you look at the photo above, you’ll note that the home team is represented by the number “3” beneath the number “8.” In other words, the home club scored three runs in the eighth inning to win the game.
  • Unless a half-inning has begun, this area of the scoreboard is totally blank at that point.
  • The bottom of the ninth inning has not yet begun, which means the game is still in progress.

In reality, the scoreboard is informing viewers that the game has come to a close. A third at-bat is not given to the home club since they are ahead after the top half of the ninth inning. The home team won the game 4-0, as evidenced by the scoreboard, which can be seen by the crowd in attendance.

Runs, Hits, and Errors

Moving on to the number of runs scored each inning, we find three more columns labeled R, H, and E. These are the number of runs scored per inning in the previous inning. Is there any significance to the lettering on a baseball scoreboard? Runs is represented by the letter R on a baseball scoreboard, and it indicates how many total runs have been scored by each side throughout the game. It will rise in value as the game proceeds and more runs are scored, so that the overall amount of runs scored is reflected in this figure.

This total includes all singles, doubles, triples, and home runs, among other things.

This statistic is calculated from all of a team’s defensive mistakes, and it provides fans with a broad notion of how well a team is performing defensively.

Balls, Strikes, and Outs

Another area of a baseball scoreboard that is fairly popular is a section that displays the number of balls, strikes, and outs for each half-inning of the game. This area will either be either above or directly below the portion that displays the overall amount of runs scored every inning, depending on which is most appropriate. During each pitch of an at-bat, the balls and strikes are updated, allowing viewers to see how many strikes the hitter currently has on him at any one time. It will be updated when each offensive player is retired, and it will inform viewers of the number of outs that have been achieved thus far in this half-inning of baseball action.

Other Common Stats on a Baseball Scoreboard

Some baseball scoreboards will contain a portion designated “P” in the middle of the screen. On a baseball scoreboard, what does the letter P represent? Generally speaking, the letter “P” on a baseball scoreboard denotes the position of the pitcher, and the number shown will correspond to the pitcher’s uniform number. This figure is only provided to inform spectators of the number of pitchers currently on the mound for each club.

Number of the Batter

A part of many baseball scoreboards is dedicated to showing the jersey number of the hitter who is currently on the mound. This portion, which is generally named something like “At Bat,” serves the function of informing fans of who is about to take the field.

Batting Statistics

In addition to the other elements described in this article, the majority of Major League Baseball scoreboards will display batting statistics for each individual player. Typically, a batting order will be displayed, with each player’s season-long batting average displayed next to his or her name. When that player comes up to bat, the scoreboard will spotlight him or her and provide additional batting statistics pertaining to what that player has accomplished thus far in the game.

These additional statistics often include things like runs batted in, stolen bases, how many hits they’ve gotten today, and what kind of hits they got today, among other things (single double, triple, home run).

Additional Lights When the Play Results in a Hit or Error

While playing baseball, it might be difficult to judge if a hard hit ball was an RBI or an error at times over the course of the game. However, what about those hard-hit, non-routine situations when the player didn’t quite get a clean fielding? Are they considered mistakes as well? Some scoreboards will feature an additional “H” and “E” to assist spectators comprehend what is going on on the field, however there will be circular lights beneath these letters to help them see what is going on. In addition to “Hit” and “Mistake,” these letters are used to inform all fans and players if a ruling on the field was a hit or an error, depending on the situation.

Left On Base (LOB)

In addition to the R, H, and E letters on the scoreboard, certain Major League clubs have added an extra acronym to the right of the R, H, and E. LOB is an abbreviation that stands for “Left On Base,” which means “left behind.” The Left on Base stat (LOB) is shown on baseball scoreboards and estimates the total number of runners that were left on base at the conclusion of each inning. All runners that were left stranded for the length of the game are represented by this number, which represents a grand total.

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Mound Visits Remaining (MVR)

Beginning with the 2018 season, several Major League scoreboards have introduced a new metric to the scoreboard that simply displays “MVR” to the right of the letters R, H, and E. This statistic is displayed to the right of the letters R, H, and E. But what is MVR in the context of baseball? It is the total number of times that a teammate, coach, or manager can visit the pitcher on the mound without causing a pitching change that is measured in Mound Visits Remaining (MVR). In the 2019 season, each team will receive five mound visits every game, which is intended to assist accelerate the tempo of play.

If a game goes into extra innings, each team is awarded one more mound visit for each extra inning that is played.

What Happens if you Go Over Mound Visits in MLB?

According to the official Major League Baseball regulations, a manager who exceeds the allocated mound visits must make a pitching change as a result of the punishment. The punishment for a position player who exceeds the authorized number of mound visits results in the possibility of that player being ejected from the game.


The techniques used by individual fans to keep a scorecard vary, and many of them create their own notations for their scores. However, here’s a straightforward method: As an example, if the batter grounded out to shortstop, enter the number “6-3,” which indicates that the shortstop threw him out at first base. If the batter hits a fly ball to left field, mark the spot with a “7.” If the hitter receives a hit, record the hit in the appropriate field according to the base he reached. Each of the box’s four corners symbolizes a base, with the lower-right corner being the first to represent a base.

  1. For every time he doubles, write a “=” in the top right corner, and so on.
  2. As the runner makes his or her way forward, place the proper symbol in the corresponding corner.
  3. Using the above example, if the No.
  4. The usage of consistent numbers in this situation is preferred by some, as it allows you to identify who did what even after the lineup changes.

At the end of each inning, add up all of the hits and runs that have occurred during that inning exclusively. At the conclusion of the game, you will be able to sum the totals of the innings to obtain the final score.

How many outs? Baseball playoff graphics compared

The 3-D strike zone animation on ESPN was fantastic. Every year since Fox debuted the status box overlay during NFL games a couple of decades ago, I’ve been paying close attention to how information is communicated to spectators through broadcast sports. As far as I recall, the “Fox Box” was a source of discussion back then, but if you watch old broadcast sports today, it’s incredible that the score and current game status aren’t always available on the screen. It’s difficult to watch vintage football games without noticing the yellow first-down line placed on the pitch, a feature that at the time of its introduction in 1998 appeared like witchcraft.

and occasionally expressing dissatisfaction about it here and on Twitter.

MLB Network

What exactly is lacking? There’s a striking zone. When there are just too many games to run on the usual broadcast partners, the MLB Network, which is controlled by the league, gets to broadcast one or two early-round games. This provides Bob Costas, who resembles Dick Clark in his agelessness, with the opportunity to broadcast playoff baseball games. 1 To put it another way, the visuals on MLB Network were the poorest of the four playoff television networks. In addition, they did not provide an overlay of the real strike zone with input on pitch placement, nor did they indicate the name of the present pitcher or hitter.

  • When you write about baseball graphics, one of the gloriously ridiculous disputes that arises is the one regarding baseball graphics.
  • Up most cases, these dots begin as gray circles that gradually become filled in with a vivid color as the inning proceeds.
  • It would seem reasonable to assume that the answer is three because there are three outs in an inning.
  • Once the third out is recorded, the inning is done and there are no more outs to be recorded in it.
  • Outs are dealt in groups of three, not twos.
  • It would be preferable, I believe, to briefly illuminate that third bulb before turning it off and signaling the end of the inning.
  • The point is that MLB Network employs two dots, which seems appropriate for a graphics package that does not overlay the strike zone or inform viewers of who is throwing or hitting.

MLB Network, the year 2020 is rapidly approaching. The visuals from last year aren’t going to make it this year. It is now necessary to pay the software update charge.


The graphics package for TBS’s coverage of the National League playoffs this year was excellent, and the staff should be commended for their efforts. If you were watching a game on TBS, you would have seen a score box that featured club logos, the current series status, the name of the pitcher with his pitch count, three out dots, and a visible strike-zone overlay that also represented the speed of the pitch. My issues with TBS’s visuals are small in comparison to the rest of the program. I have some reservations regarding the practice of merely displaying team logos in the score box.

Some other networks, like ESPN, have begun to include the name of the current batter in their score boxes, and I believe this is a positive development; however, TBS has not done so.


This year, ESPN broadcasted the two wild-card games, and I think their graphics package is about on par with Fox2 in terms of overall quality. My favorite aspect of ESPN’s graphics is their decision to include both the team emblem and a two- or three-letter moniker for the team; for instance, the Oakland Athletics were represented by their huge “A” logo as well as the three letters OAK. I believe that exchanging the time for clarity about the teams that will be competing is a reasonable trade-off.

  1. Of course, I support the usage of three out dots in this situation.
  2. In contrast to Fox and TBS, ESPN does not display the pace of a pitch within the overlay, but rather in the score box.
  3. Only a strike has been thrown, not a strikeout.
  4. The problem with flat strike-zone overlays is that they obscure the fact that pitches move when in the strike zone, and ESPN’s 3-D graphic provides a great deal of clarity on potentially dubious pitches in the strike zone.
  5. A strikeout is represented by the letter “K” in baseball (for various historical reasons, because S was being used for Sacrifice or Single or something).

A strike does not equate to a strikeout. The use of letters to denote pitches is acceptable; for example, a S represents strikes and a B represents balls. A strike, on the other hand, is no more a K than a ball is a BB (base on balls).


Much to my amazement, Fox’s graphics package is the best available on the market today. Perhaps I should turn off Joe Buck and John Smoltz3 altogether and concentrate just on the graphics.) Especially when compared to the other networks, Fox’s visual choices exhibit an unusual amount of restraint. There are no team logos on the scoreboard; instead, there are only letters. And Fox isn’t going to get entangled in your debate about how many out dots should be present—it just shows outs as a nice, old-fashioned number instead of a dotted line.

  • Fox checks off all of the boxes.
  • To be honest, while I love that the box is limited to merely letters, adding team logos makes it a little more appealing to the eye.
  • During the Twins-Yankees series, Fox painted both boxes the same shade of navy blue, making it impossible to see the difference between the two teams.
  • What’s the point of coloring the boxes if they can’t be distinguished?

What have we learned?

Baseball graphics are now in a very nice shape! The majority of networks have determined that overlaying the pitch location, displaying pitch velocity and pitch count, and naming the pitcher and hitter are all solid ideas, and I agree with their decision. In fact, the majority of them think that you should use three dots—or numerals!—to denote the number of outs. These are all visually appealing graphics packages, with the exception of MLB Network, which ought to be sent to the woodshed once and for all.

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Score bug – Wikipedia

A score bug is a digital on-screen image that is displayed at either the top or bottom third of the television screen during a broadcast of a sporting event in order to reflect the current score and other statistics for that particular sporting event.


When watching a broadcast sporting event, a typical score bug will include the station logo, the current score of the game, and additional information, such as the amount of time that has gone. David Hill, the CEO of Sky Sports, came up with the idea of a permanent score bug for association football events after becoming frustrated with having to wait to know what the score was after tuning into a match in progress. The score bug first appeared on television in 1992, during Sky’s coverage of the newly founded English Premier League.

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A score bug was implemented by ITV towards the start of the 1993-94 football season, while the BBC implemented a score issue near the conclusion of the 1993-94 football season.

In their defense, they stated that the design was necessary to offer a space for cycling-sponsored logos in order for matches to be shown without commercial interruption.

The “FoxBox” was the name given to Fox’s version of the score bug, which debuted during the network’s first season of NFL coverage in 1994.

In opposition to the notion of a score bug, NBC Sports’ Dick Ebersol believed that viewers would be turned off by seeing additional visuals on the screen and would switch the channel away from blowout games.

See also

  1. The following is an excerpt from Newth, Alex: “What Is a Score Bug? (with illustration)”. It’s simple for a Tech Junkie. Conjecture Corporation is a fictional corporation created to entertain and inform. retrieved on June 26, 2021
  2. Retrieved on June 26, 2021
  3. Abcd Richard Sandomir is the author of this work (2014-06-12). “The Innovation That Succeeded and Succeeded.” Journal of the New York Times (ISSN 0362-4331). Retrieved2020-01-07
  4. s^ Dan Cox is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom (September 6, 1994). “NFL on Fox Review” is a review of the NFL on Fox. Variety. retrieved on January 9, 2021
  5. Retrieved on January 9, 2021 Bryan and Curtis (2018-12-13). A new book titled “The Great NFL Heist: How Fox Payed for and Changed Football Forever” has been released. The Ringer is a satirical newspaper published in the United Kingdom. Retrieved2020-02-08
  6. s^ Lucia and Joe (April 6, 2021). “Which RSN has the most knowledgeable MLB scorebug?” Announcements that are just terrible
  7. Bryan and Curtis (December 13, 2018). A new book titled “The Great NFL Heist: How Fox Payed for and Changed Football Forever” has been released. The date was January 9, 2021. : Hockey Live Goal Light & Horn goes off when you see it on tv Sports Score color works with Baseball Football Hockey Wifi Real Time Arena Scoreboard interactive game light red live action beacon : Sports & Outdoors

5.0 stars out of 5 for this product Stuff to have a good time with On January 15, 2021, a review will be conducted in the United States. My two teenagers (15 and 17 years old) are huge fans of the Washington Capitals. This was given to me as a Christmas present. Tonight was the official opening night. They were victorious, and it was thrilling to see the Red Goal light illuminate!

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On October 18, 2019, a reviewer in the United States expressed satisfaction with their purchase. I was unable to get the device to function properly and received no assistance from customer care in any way. I tried calling for four days and had to leave a message every day since there was no return phone call. I submitted work tickets and received no response, so I returned the item to the sender. I was quite disappointed. We were really looking forward to putting it to use! verified purchaseReviewed in the United States on October 15, 2019Verified Purchase I received the lamp and attempted to put it together.

  1. In the event that I attempt to access wifi setup again by going to, I will receive a redirect with the title of captive portal, which will take me back to /, which will return an empty answer.
  2. I sent an email to support, but have not received a response after many days.
  3. It is really tough to set up this item.
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  6. On August 29, 2020, a review was published in the United States of America.
  7. I replaced it with a new one and returned the old one.

The review will take place in the United States on March 11, 2020.

It does not have a flashing light, but does have a transparent globe and an external Bluetooth speaker.

This will be returned to you.

I did not purchase a brand new return light, but rather an Amazon return light.

Installing the update that would allow the light to connect to my phone and internet proved to be a difficult task.

I had to update the drivers for the wifi chip in the lamp first before I could go with the installation.

When I required assistance, I received assistance within a few hours.

5 out of 5 stars On December 29, 2021, a review was published in the United States.

I was overjoyed to come upon this goal light just in time for the holiday season.

My parents’ house would be illuminated and an alarm would sound every time the Kraken scored, which makes me smirk every time I think about it.

I thought the horn was a bit strange in that it blows repeatedly while the light is on (I would have expected it would only blow once, and it would have been even better if they had the team’s goal song playing, but that’s a nitpick), but otherwise it was fine.

Overall, on February 27, 2021, the United States will conduct a review.

It is used for ice hockey.

By the third goal (if we’re lucky), it has caught up with the television.

After then, it was difficult to get the Bluetooth to connect at all. Now, after five failed attempts to connect, the speaker has malfunctioned and no longer produces any sound (we tried using the manual test). The light is excellent, and I want to get two more, however the speaker is disappointing.

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5.0 stars out of 5 for this product rien On July 3, 2021, a review will be conducted in Canada. Purchase that has been verified

What’s the Score?: The Basics of Scorekeeping

Scorekeeping in baseball and softball entails much more than simply keeping track of how many runs are brought across the plate. As a result, the system of statistics, symbols, and methods that is as much a part of the game as an old glove, is a language all its own in the world of baseball. However, it is not difficult to learn. Moreover, after you’ve mastered the art of keeping score, you’ll be able to keep track of every pitch, every at-bat, every hit, and every out in the game. Each league will have an Official Scorer, who will be appointed by the League President.

  • Whenever possible, the scorer will transmit such choices to the press by hand signals or over the loudspeaker system, and he or she will also notify the announcer of such decisions if he or she requests it.
  • The scorer must adhere precisely to the Scoring Rules in order to ensure that all records are kept in the same manner.
  • If the teams switch sides before three outs are called, the scorer is responsible for promptly notifying the umpire of the error.
  • This includes noting the score, the number of outs, the position of any runners, and the number of balls and strikes the batter has received.
  • In his or her official capacity, the scorer represents the league and is entitled to the respect and dignity that go along with the position.

The Basics

The system that assigns a number to each player is the crux of the scorekeeping process. Don’t confuse these with jersey numbers; these standard numerical symbols used in scorekeeping remain constant throughout the game: 1 = pitcher; 2 = pitcher catcher 2 = catcher 3 is the number of the first baseman. 4 = second base in baseball 5th base is represented by the number 5. 6 denotes a shortstop. 7 denotes the left field position. 8 is the center of the field. 9 represents the right field. Using a 10-player lineup, the number “10” would indicate a short fielder or fourth outfielder, for example.

  1. Among these are: 1B is an abbreviation for single.
  2. 3B is an abbreviation for triple.
  3. DP is an abbreviation for double play.
  4. E stands for error.

WP is an abbreviation for wild pitch. PB is an abbreviation for passed ball. RBI stands for run batted inSB stands for stolen base IP is an abbreviation for Illegal Pitch (Major Division and below) The abbreviation BK stands for balk (for intermediate 50/70 and above).

Trying It Out

Write out the batting order for each team to get things started. They will be traded between the two managers and will not be able to alter throughout the game, with the exception of substitutes. It is critical to record player jersey numbers alongside the batting order in order to ensure that the appropriate players bat in the appropriate order. The basic scorebook will resemble a gigantic checkerboard, with nine (or ten, or more) rows going across the page and a matching number of columns going down the page, as seen in the illustration.

  1. For example, the first inning, second inning, and so on are all separated by a column.
  2. Consider the Mudville Mudhens, who are batting in the first inning of the opening game of the season.
  3. For the sake of argument, let’s say the leadoff batter grounds out to the shortstop.
  4. This would be stated in Section 6-3.
  5. Similarly, a grounder to third base would result in a 5-3 score.
  6. The letters L8 or F8 may be used to represent a lineout to center field, with a straight line above the F and the 8 to suggest a line drive.
  7. Again, various scorers use different symbols, but if the ball is thrown to the center fielder, the “8” is always used to indicate a successful throw.

Some scorebooks will have little squares within each at-bat square to indicate this, while others will not have any.

Keeping accurate pitch counts is made possible by this method.

The second hitter is now on the mound.

He smacks a single to the right field gap.

A line should be drawn from home plate to first base in his at-bat square, with “1B” or “1B9” written next to the line in a paper scorebook to indicate where he is at first base.

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The Mudhens now have a runner on first base, one out, and their third batter is on the mound for them.

He smacks a double to the right field corner.

During this time, the runner on first came all the way around and scored on the play as well.

In his at-bat square, indicate that he has completed the whole circuit of the diamond, including stops at second, third, and home.

That diamond should be colored in to signify that he scored a run.

What is the significance of the number 6?

Meanwhile, on the No.

Because there won’t be much place for all of this in a paper scorebook, it’s vital to write short — yet legibly — in order to avoid confusion.

The runner on second tries to steal third but is thrown out because of his inexperience.

Almost certainly 2-5, since the catcher “2” tossed to the third baseman, “5,” who tagged him out at third base.

The Mudhens have two outs left, and Casey is on the mound. Casey, on the other hand, is unstoppable. Casey receives a “K” in this instance, which is the global scoring sign for a strikeout. Alternatively, a reverse K indicates that the hitter glanced at strike three but did not swing.

Heading to the Bottom

The peak of the first has come to an end. Your very first scoring experience has now been recorded. Not nearly, to be honest. At the conclusion of the half inning, draw a line or a ‘x’ at the location of the next hitter. This plainly identifies who will bat first in the following inning as the leadoff batter. Then it’s ideal to tally up the runs, hits, errors, and, if you’re keeping track, pitches thrown, and make notations at the bottom of the page to keep track of everything. A section for this should be included in either an electronic or a paper scorebook.

Make your way to the opposite side of the book, where you should have the starting lineup for the home team in place, and you’ll be ready to begin.


After all of this, that T-shirt you could see at the stadium suddenly makes sense: “I scored a run, I won the game.” 6-4-3=2.

How to Provide a Box Score

The balance (or proof) of a box score is achieved when the sum of the team’s times at bat, bases on balls received, hit batters, sacrifice bunts, sacrifice flies, and batters awarded first base because of interference or obstruction equals the sum of the team’s runs, players left on base, runners removed under playing rule 7.13(c) (Little League Baseball Majors and below), and the putouts of the opposing team.

Give It a Try

The most effective approach to learn is to get started right away. Watch many competent scorekeepers and keep a parallel book to see which approach is the most effective for you to learn from. As you become more familiar with the specific rules and gain experience, you will become more adept at keeping a well-organized and understandable scorebook. Watching Little League and high school games in person, as well as professional baseball games on television, while paying attention to the scoring decisions, is extremely beneficial.

GameChanger is not a chore to be taken lightly, but it can be enjoyable and will add a new dimension to your enjoyment of baseball and softball.

The following are extracts from ” What’s the Score?

Further information on scorekeeping practices is available upon request at [email protected]” “Little League Baseball and Softball discontinued this publication in 2015.”

How Fans Followed Baseball Games Before TV or Radio

Because of the way things are now, I can’t recall a time when my Giants love would have been limited to reading box scores while living on the East Coast. With the help of television, the internet, and my iPhone, it’s a rare occurrence these days that I don’t see one of Tim Lincecum’s starts. Prior to the advent of, I was able to catch the Giants on television whenever they faced a club from my hometown. If you go back a bit further, I’ve heard that the radio was rather popular. But what about the time before to that?

This does not imply, however, that baseball fans prior to the 1920s were content with waiting for the next day’s newspaper to see how their favorite team fared if they were unable to obtain tickets to the game. And, luckily, they were not required to do so.


The advent of the telegraph in 1844 made it possible for baseball scores to be sent outside of the bounds of the stadium in near real-time. In fact, some accounts claim that Massey’s billiard hall in St. Louis was the first establishment outside of the newsroom to take advantage of this technology. Western Union Telegraph Co. made a special agreement to send the proto-sports bar scores every half inning, which were then posted on a bulletin board for the delight and edification of the guests.

  1. The distribution of scores outside the ballpark, which some club owners felt would have an adverse effect on ticket sales, was met with resistance by several team owners.
  2. The game of baseball, on the other hand, is about much more than the score at the end of every half inning.
  3. A poster painted to appear like a baseball diamond, with a series of pegs depicting players that could be placed on the different bases, was made by three telegraph reporters from Nashville, Tennessee, in the mid-1880s to help them give a visual aspect to the results of baseball games.
  4. The technique expanded swiftly throughout the country, with each newcomer making modifications to the gadgets as they went along, and the practice is still in use today.
  5. The patent was sold to Pulitzer’s secretary, Edwin A.
  6. Van Zile did not believe the patent would be profitable and sold the rights to him.
  7. Not all of the variations on remote baseball viewing were successful.

It also stated that “a large number of females were there,” which should be enough to pique your interest.) It appears that this live-action recreation done in the Atlanta Opera House may have been the closest facsimile of a real baseball game ever attempted, but it appears to have been confined to Georgia and did not spread beyond.

However, even in the absence of actual athletes (or impersonators), fans greeted these events as if they were live games, cheering along with their hometeam’s victory as it was narrated by an announcer.


The Library of Congress is a federal government institution that collects and organizes information. As the twenty-first century neared, electricity was transforming practically every element of American life, and baseball was no exception to this trend. Both of the Boston Major League clubs used an electronic scoreboard prototype in 1908, but it wasn’t until Yankee Stadium opened in 1923 that a ballpark with an electronic scoreboard was really built. However, outside of stadiums, away from the concerns of stadium owners that scoreboards would reduce the selling of scorecards, electric bulletins had a more rapid development.

Mott, a former employee of Thomas Edison, devised a “Electrical Base Ball Bulletin,” which was reported in an article published on January 24, 1891, in the journal Scientific American.

When any of these modifications take place on the instrument, a bell will ring to signal the change.

In one instance, Charles Nichols’ idea, for which the Hall of Fame pitcher applied for a patent less than a year after his retirement, included a string of lights to indicate the passage of a batter along the basepaths, as shown in the image below.


Following the success of the stage versions for which clients paid an admission charge, the characters were transformed into three dimensions, with mechanical men doing actions that were identical to those performed by their human counterparts. One similar gadget, created by Frank Chapman, was the subject of an article in The Electrical Engineer published on August 7, 1895. Everyone is in their correct locations on the large field, and they are represented by dummy marionettes that are accurate representations of the real thing and stand about three feet tall.

Aside from that, the hitter at home plate is equipped with a bat, which he uses to hit the ground with a really “sickening thud” as he attempts to advance to first base.

A patent for the Jackson Manikin Baseball Indicator was issued on February 18, 1913, to Thomas H. Jackson. The device, which needed the participation of ten men to work, even went so far as to represent these miniature sportsmen squabbling with umpires.


The Library of Congress is a federal government institution that collects and organizes information. Despite their intricate designs, these sophisticated models were unable to completely replace the lit scoreboards that could be seen for free from the streets. In addition, as the World Series drew increased national interest, bulletins with titles such as “Play-O-Graph” (“Star Ball Player”) and “Nokes Electrascore” (“Nokes Electrascore”) drew larger and larger audiences. A report from The New York Times on the 1911 World Series between Philadelphia and New York, which included “THRONGS AT THE BULLETINS,” as one headline put it, was published during the series’ last game.

By the next year, the crowds had become completely out of control.

A Times report from October 11, 1912 stated that “by the opening of the ninth inning, the crowd had stretched almost to Forty-fifth Street, and the police had their hands busy keeping the automobile tracks open.” Not helping matters was Boston’s failed ninth-inning comeback attempt, which allowed New York to scrape out a one-run victory.

However, as technology progressed, the electronic bulletins’ days were numbered as a result.

However, when radio broadcasts improved and even more innovative media emerged, the traditional method of watching games was phased away.

Additional information may be found at:Electric Scoreboards, Bulletin Boards, and Mimic Diamondsby David A.

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