Today in History – October 1
A home run by Roger Maris into the stands on October 1, 1961, was the sixty-first of his career. Maris broke Babe Ruth’s long-standing record for the most home runs in a single season, set in 1927, in the final game of the regular season. Maris now has the most home runs in a single season since Babe Ruth in 1927. Maris was criticized by Ruth’s supporters. They argued that Ruth hit 60 home runs over the course of a 154-game schedule, whereas Maris hit only 59 home runs over the course of the first 154 games of the season, not reaching 61 home runs until game 162, the final game of the newly lengthened regular season.
Instead, Frick maintained that Ruth and Maris each held separate records for the most home runs hit in a 154-game season and a 162-game season, respectively.
The Committee for Statistical Accuracy of Major League Baseball put an end to this practice in 1991, declaring that no asterisk or other special designation should be used to qualify Maris’ accomplishment.
What are your thoughts on Tommy rot in that manner?
- “He’d rather see it, maybe, but I wouldn’t have it on any of my teams.” Chronicling the United States of America Maris’ record stood for thirty-seven years until it was surpassed by both Mark McGwire of the St.
- Sosa finished the season with 66 home runs, while Mark McGwire hit a career-high seventy home runs to set a new single-season home run record.
- In his career, Maris was regarded as an outstanding outfielder, an excellent baserunner, and a fine team player.
- Louis Cardinals, and was named to the All-Star Game three times.
It was often referred to as “Murderers’ Row” because the 1927 New York Yankees club was widely regarded as the finest baseball team ever put together. One of the most powerful lineups in baseball history comprised Earle Combs, Mark Koenig, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Bob Meusel, Tony Lazzeri, Joe Dugan, and Pat Collins, to name a few names. They advanced to the World Series after winning the American League pennant by nineteen games, and they captured the title by sweeping Pittsburgh in four games.
Louis Cardinals in seven games, this shot of the 1925 squad features nearly the whole 1927 roster. As a result of popular demand: From the 1860s to the 1960s, Jackie Robinson and other baseball stars made headlines. Division of Prints and Photographs
Baseball History in 1903: The First World Series
When an overhang behind the third-base stands at Philadelphia’s Baker Bowl falls during the first game of a doubleheader between the Philadelphia Phillies and the St. Louis Cardinals on August 8, twelve people are killed and approximately 300 more are injured. When people gathered to see a street brawl in the vicinity of the ballpark, the walk became overcrowded. It is the bloodiest occurrence involving a big league baseball game in the history of the sport. While renovations are being done to Baker Bowl, the Phillies will be unable to play for the next 11 days, and they will instead be forced to play their remaining home games at Columbia Park (the home of the Oakland Athletics).
Ed Delahanty, a resident of Washington, was found dead near Niagara Falls on July 2 after an investigation revealed no cause. His corpse is discovered at the bottom of the waterfalls two days later. Accounts differ as to how Delahanty ended up in the Niagara River after being kicked off a train—some historians speculate that a night watchman on the tracks may have triggered some foul play—but it was no secret that he was desperate to be traded out of last-place Washington; he had become despondent after a deal to send him to the New York Giants had fallen through, according to some historians.
With 43 games under his belt, the 35-year-old was batting.338; his death brings an end to a brilliant career in which he batted.346 with 2,597 hits.
It’s Always A Win-Win With Iron Joe
During the month of August, New York Giants pitcherJoe McGinnity starts and wins both ends of a doubleheader on three separate occasions. In his entire professional career, no other pitcher has won both ends of a twinbill more than twice. In addition to the daily doubles on August 1, McGinnity will also play a doubleheader on August 8 at home against Brooklyn and a doubleheader on August 31 at home against the Phillies. The 32-year-old workhorse will also set current National League records by starting 48 games and pitching 434 innings, both of which will be new highs for the organization.
Every foul ball that a hitter hits is charged with a strike in the American League, following the lead of the National League, with the exception of foul balls that are already two strikes in the count. The impact of the rule change on the AL is significant, just as it was for the NL in 1901. The number of goals scored has dropped by 17 percent, and the league’s batting average has dropped from.275 to.255.
The Gas is Usually More Poisonous
A note written by Win Mercer, the Detroit Tigers’ newly appointed manager, at a San Francisco hotel addressing the “evils” of women and gambling is discovered there. It’s a suicide letter, and he follows it up by inhaling poison gas and passing away. The 28-year-old Mercer was a nine-year veteran of the major leagues, with a 131-164 career record as a pitcher and a.286 hitting average in 1,763 at-bats over his career.
If You’re Looking for a Silver Lining, Forget It
Shortstop with the Cleveland Indians John Gochnauermuffs his way through an American League record-setting 98 mistakes. Bill Keister of the Baltimore Orioles had a fielding percentage of.869 in 1901, which was not as good as his counterpart, Bill Keister, who had a fielding percentage of.851 on 97 mistakes.
While you may imagine that the Blues are playing Gochnauer only for his bat, this is not the case. His.185 batting average (with 0 home runs) is the lowest of any starting regular in the American League this season. It goes without saying that this is Gochnauer’s final season in the majors.
On May 6, the Chicago White Stockings tied a major league record by committing a total of 12 mistakes in a single game. Detroit adds six more to establish an all-time record for the most errors committed by both teams in a single game, which now stands at 18. A dozen mistakes and a 9-7 deficit in the ninth inning were not enough for the White Stockings as they defeated the Tigers, 10-9, at Wrigley Field.
Darn That Kid
On August 1, Rube Waddelloof the Philadelphia Athletics goes the distance against the New York Highlanders, allowing only four hits, all of which come fromKid Elberfeld, setting an American League record for the most hits by a single player while his teammates get zero hits. The Highlanders defeated the A’s 3-2 as a result of Elberfeld’s hits and six walks issued by Waddell in the game.
From June 2-6, the Pittsburgh Pirates set a major league record by tossing a string of six consecutive shutouts. It marks the start of a 15-game victory streak for the Pirates, during which they will allow a total of 20 runs against opposing pitchers. There are six blankings in all, and two of them are attributed to Deacon Phillippe and Sam Leever.
…But Not Shut Out
The Boston Americans set a major league record by scoring in 17 consecutive innings over the course of three games from September 15-17. They established the mark on the same day they clinched the American League pennant, a 14-3 blowout of Cleveland at home.
Taking the Midnight Thrill Ride to St. Louie
When a charter train carrying the St. Louis Browns and the Cleveland Blues derails after jumping an open switch in Napoleon, Ohio, it is just after midnight on August 29. The Blues’ sleeper vehicle comes to rest upside down off the track, whilst the Browns’ sleeper car comes to rest on its side of the track. Despite the fact that no one is killed or even badly injured, some players get minor-to-moderate injuries, with Nap Lajoie’s damaged knee being the most notable example. According to the Sporting News, the “shock” was “the worst (the players’) had ever felt in their careers.”
After losing in his first start against the White Stockings in a postseason preseason game, the Cubs’ Jack Tayloris questioned himself about why he had lost. Taylor answers, “What makes you think I’ll win? When I win, I receive $100; if I lose, I receive $500.” The Cubs do the arithmetic and come to the logical conclusion that something is amiss; they quickly persuade the St. Louis Cardinals to move Taylor to Chicago in exchange for the acquisition ofMordecai “Three Finger” Brown from St. Louis.
Caught on Film
When the Cleveland Blues and the Cincinnati Reds play each other in a postseason series, the Cleveland Blues capture the first known moving picture film of a major league game.
Hilltop Park, which was built on the highest point in all of Manhattan, was an unimpressive architectural structure with a spectacular prescript that was built on it. Ban Johnson, the president of the American League, was insatiable in his pursuit of bringing the Baltimore Orioles to New York City—but in trying to secure a ballpark site, he ran into major political roadblocks with connections to the National League’s Giants, whose owner (John Brush) and manager (John McGraw) were bitterly opposed to Johnson and the AL.
It was erected in six weeks for $75,000 and could seat 16,000 people.
When the Polo Grounds is destroyed in a fire in 1912, the stadium that the Giants fought so hard to save from being built will in fact become their foster home for the next several years.
It is because of this improvement in Highlanders-Giants ties that the Highlanders can relocate in 1913 to the newly constructed Polo Grounds; Hilltop Park is razed the following year. The Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center has now been built on the location of the former hospital.
1903 World Series Game 1, Pittsburgh Pirates at Boston Americans, October 1, 1903
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Some high school information is provided courtesy of David McWater.
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A classic under the lights
The Pirates won the game 4-3 over the Orioles, tying the series at two games apiece for the first time this season. The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum now has the first pitch thrown in the first World Series baseball game to be played at night — a strike from lefty Luke Walker to Paul Blair – which was donated to the organization. The game was highlighted by a pair of 21-year-old Bucs rookies: Bruce Kison, who pitched 6 1/3 innings of one-hit relief, and Milt May, who drove in the winning run with a pinch hit in the seventh inning.
- That information can be found in the historical records, but what stands out about this particular incident is its place in the development of the game.
- Spectacular outcomes were obtained in Game 4 of the 1971 World Series, as follows: Estimated viewership of 63 million viewers, making it the most watched sports program ever on television during prime time.
- “When I became commissioner in 1969, the policy was that the majority of World Series games would be played on weekdays,” Kuhn would later recall.
- Consequently, just a small number of people got to experience what was considered the country’s greatest sporting attraction.” NBC was the first to hear about it because I brought it up.
- The World Series will be broadcast on television over the first 13 weeks of the new baseball season.
- They didn’t want a one-time agreement like the Series to interfere with their usual programming schedule.
- We play night baseball all season and then fail to provide even a single night game during the World Series for the nation’s devoted baseball fans, according to Finley.
Bill Francis works as a senior research and writing expert at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York.
The First World Series
Despite the fact that Major League Baseball is ready to kick off their annual World Series, many sports fans may be unaware that the phrase “World Series” was first used in connection to professional football, not baseball. A New York promoter called Tom O’Rourke, the manager of Madison Square Garden in 1902, was seeking for a means to fill his arena on New Year’s Day, 1903. He came up with the idea of a New Year’s Day ball game. After some brainstorming, he came up with the concept of holding a series of indoor football games, the winner of which he announced would be crowned world champion.
- As a result, properly speaking, the first “World Series” in America was actually a professional football game.
- The Boston Pilgrims defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-3 in the inaugural World Series game of Major League Baseball, which took place on October 1, 1903, in Boston, Massachusetts.
- The Phillies and Athletics of Philadelphia, the Stars of Pittsburgh, and the Red and Blacks of Watertown, New York, had been the top professional football teams in the country in 1902.
- A group of players from both the Philadelphia Phillies and the Oakland Athletics, however, banded together and established their own squad, which became known as the “New York” team.
- According to O’Rourke’s plan, the Knickerbockers would face the Orange Athletic Club in the final Championship Game in order to provide the Knickerbockers a chance to defend their home field advantage.
- In an attempt to remove the weaker teams as early as possible, O’Rourke arranged the Syracuse and “New York” teams to start the series and play the first indoor game in pro football history on December 28.
- Not expected was Syracuse’s swarming of “ringers” from other teams, notably the whole backfield of Watertown’s potent Red and Blacks.
Pictured above is the whole outfit worn by Harry Mason, a fullback for the Syracuse Athletic Club, during the 1902 indoor “World Series” championship game, which is on exhibit at the Canton Sports Hall of Fame.
1903 World Series
As part of a two-year effort to put an end to a bitter rivalry and promote baseball togetherness, the seasoned National League and the newly founded American League agreed to put the past behind them and join together for a different sort of season finale on Sunday. Earlier in the decade, the two best teams in the National League met in an experimental post-season championship, which Boston won by a score of five games to three in favor of Pittsburgh. In 1903, both teams (now participating in different leagues) found themselves in the first formal “World Series,” where they faced off against one another.
- For the first time in years, after years of open conflicts and brazen player raids, the show would symbolize a move toward mutual forgiveness.
- Despite losing by 1412 games, their opponents, the Americans, symbolized the young Americans who were still seeking to establish themselves as a legitimate competitor.
- In addition to Deacon Phillippe’s six-hitter, right fielder Jimmy Sebring blasted the first home run in World Series history, the Pirates performed particularly well on both sides of the ball.
- Game 2 did not disappoint either, as Boston’s performance was virtually identical to that of Pittsburgh in the first game.
- Because of illness and injuries to Pittsburgh’s pitching staff, the Pirates were forced to start Phillippe in Game 3 after only one day of rest.
- A 4-2 victory for the seasoned workhorse, who had won twenty-five games during the regular season, was a testament to his ability to rise to the occasion.
Pittsburgh was victorious.
Honus Wagner and Ginger Beaumont each had three RBIs.
Boston was in trouble, but it was far from out.
Pittsburgh was completely unprepared for what was about to happen.
Boston’s momentum was continued the next day with a 6-3 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates, who had four hits, two RBIs, and two stolen bases in the previous game’s loss to Bill Dinneen.
For the Pirates, Deacon Phillippe, who had gone unbeaten in the series, took the mound in the seventh game.
On the first inning, the Americans’ playing manager Jimmy Collins and Chick Stahl each hit three-run triples, and the Red Sox took an early lead and never looked back in their 7-3 victory.
Boston would try to clinch the title on its own Huntington Avenue Grounds, where it now leads the series four games to three.
However, the game was tied at the end of the third inning.
Phillippe fought hard and ended up pitching his sixth complete game of the Series, which lasted thirteen days.
The 3-0 victory was the Americans’ fourth consecutive victory and elevated the upstart Boston squad to the top of the standings in the First American League vs.
Because of the outstanding pitching that dominated the game, batters had a difficult time at the plate.
Did you know that the Boston Americans hit five ground-rule triples in Game 5 of the 1903 World Series as a result of a large number of people in the stadium?
Despite the fact that the Pittsburgh players lost the series, they each got $1,316.25 in compensation from the team’s owner, who distributed his part of the gate proceeds to the players.
During the season, Bill Dinneen started four of the eight games, finished all four of his starts, won three games, had two shutouts, and went on to become an umpire for the American League.
World Series History
A best-of-seven series between the American and National league pennant winners is played annually in the World Series, also known as the Fall Classic, for the right to represent Major League Baseball as champion. The New York Yankees have won 27 World Series championships, which is the most of any club in history. In second place with 11 points, the St. Louis Cardinals are trailed by the Boston Red Sox and Philadelphia/Oakland A’s, who are tied with nine points apiece.
1903: First World Series Played
The first modern World Series, a best-of-nine series played in 1903 between the American League champion Boston Americans (later Red Sox) and the National League champion Pittsburgh Pirates, marked the beginning of the modern era of baseball. The Americans won the title game 5-3 after winning the final four games. Games 5 and 7 were won by Boston pitcher Cy Young, who is the all-time leader in wins in the Major League Baseball (511). (The only previous World Series to be decided by a best-of-nine format happened in 1919, 1920, and 1921.) A number of sports history’s most dramatic moments have occurred during the World Series, which normally begins each year in late October.
the Philadelphia Phillies).
The Dodgers won the series in five games after a thrilling ninth-inning home run by Gibson.
The 1919 Chicago White Sox were embroiled in the most infamous World Series controversy in baseball history.
1919 ‘Black Sox’ World Series Scandal
It featured eight members of the Chicago White Sox, who were suspected of throwing games against the Cincinnati Reds in exchange for money from a gambling syndicate after the World Series. Cincinnati won the eight-game series, 5-3, to claim the championship. The players involved, dubbed the “Black Sox,” were found not guilty in court but were still barred from participating in baseball by Major League Baseball commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis. The most well-known of the banned players was “Shoeless” Joe Jackson, who was one of the best hitters in Major League Baseball history.
Despite his outstanding qualifications for induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame, Jackson is still on the MLB’s ineligible list for the accolade, a move that has sparked much debate.
New York Yankees Dominate World Series
The Yankees won their first World Series win in 1923, driven by outfielder Babe Ruth, who hit 41 home runs during the regular season. Babe Ruth was the most valuable player on the team. New York followed up its first World Series triumph with two more, in 1927 and 1928, respectively. It is widely regarded as one of the finest teams in Major League Baseball history. The 1927 club won 110 games during the regular season and swept the Pittsburgh Pirates in the World Series in four games. Continue reading “10 Things You Might Not Know About Babe Ruth” for more information.
- Six Yankees players from that club were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York: Ruth, Gehrig, Hoyt, pitcher Herb Pennock, second baseman Tony Lazerri, and outfielder Earle Combs.
- The Yankees maintained their supremacy over the sport during the 1930s (winning five championships), 1940s (winning four championships), and 1950s (six titles).
- It is still the only occasion in World Series history that a pitcher has retired all 27 hitters he has faced in order to record a perfect game.
- Only the Dodgers have suffered more World Series losses than the Yankees, who have suffered 14.
- Despite outscoring the Pirates by a 55-27 margin, the Yankees were defeated in the World Series in seven games.
It was one of the most dramatic moments in the history of the World Series. READ MORE: The World Series’ Most Dramatic Home Run in the History of the Game
Other Notable World Series
In 1975, the Cincinnati Reds, known as the “Big Red Machine” because of their supremacy during the 1970s, beat the Boston Red Sox in seven games, claiming the World Series title. During the regular season, the Reds won 108 games and swept the Pittsburgh Pirates in the postseason in three games, respectively. Carlton Fisk of the Boston Red Sox blasted one of the most spectacular home runs in World Series history during Game 6 of the series at Fenway Park in Boston. When the ball smacked the foul pole of Fenway Park’s renowned left-field wall, “Green Monster,” Fisk raised his arms in the air, pleading with the ball to stay in the fair zone.
- A seven-game series victory over the Boston Red Sox was achieved by the New York Mets in 1986.
- The Mets, on the other hand, rallied for three runs to win 6-5.
- Game 7 was won by the Mets, 8-5.
- In 1991, the Minnesota Twins beat the Atlanta Braves in seven games, claiming the AL Central title.
- Both clubs finished bottom in their respective leagues the season before.
- In 2004, the Boston Red Sox beat the St.
- In none of the games, the Cardinals held a lead over the opposition.
1989: Earthquake World Series
At Candlestick Park in San Francisco on October 17, 1989, a magnitude 6.9 earthquake jolted northern California, forcing the cancellation of Game 3 of the World Series between the San Francisco Giants and the Oakland Athletics. The earthquake was the largest ever recorded in California. The World Series resumed ten days after the earthquake, which claimed the lives of 67 people and wounded more than 3,700 others, as well as causing an estimated $5 billion in damage to property. The earthquake struck less than a half-hour before the game was scheduled to begin, rattling Candlestick Park.
The Giants even played “We Will Rock You” by Queen over the public address system.
The Oakland Athletics won the World Series in four games.
1994: Cancellation of World Series
The World Series has only been played twice in history: in 1904, one year after the first World Series, when the New York Giants refused to play the American League champion Boston Americans, and in 1994, when the season was canceled due to a players’ strike, when the World Series was played for the first time.
At one point during that season, the Montreal Expos (74-40) and New York Yankees (70-43) seemed to be on a collision course for the World Series.
World Series Most Valuable Player Award
For the first time in 1955, the World Series Most Valuable Player Award was awarded to the player who had the most significant effect on the series’ outcome. The honor, which is currently decided by a vote of the media, officials, and fans on the internet, has gone to the player from the winning team in every World Series, with the exception of one. Following a seven-game series defeat to the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1960, second baseman Bobby Richardson of the New York Yankees was named the winner of the award that year.
Baseballreference.com has information on the World Series. Baseball’s Major League Baseball The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
Red Sox win first championship since 1918
On October 27, 2004, the Boston Red Sox defeated the New York Yankees in the World Series for the first time since 1918, putting an end to the 86-year-old ” Curse of the Bambino ” that had tormented them. As Boston general manager Theo Epstein tells reporters, “This is for anybody who has ever rooted for the Red Sox.” “This is for the whole Red Sox Nation, both past and present,” he said. Since club owner Harry Frazee traded the legendary Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees in 1920, the Red Sox have been unable to win a World Series championship in their history.
- Before 1920, the Red Sox had won five World Series titles while the Yankees had won none.
- The Yankees, on the other hand, went on to win a record 26 World Series titles following 1920.
- Enos Slaughter scored the winning run from first base in the eighth inning of Game 7 of the 1946 World Series against the St.
- Boston was also eliminated from the World Series in 1967 and 1975.
- (The Yankees won the game and went on to win their 22nd World Series in the following season.) In the 10th inning of Game 6 of the 1986 World Series against the Mets, a throwing error by Red Sox first baseman Bill Buckner allowed the Red Sox to score the winning run on the ground.
- However, the team’s fortunes reversed in 2004.
- The St.
However, their pitching was ineffective and their batting was much worse in the World Series.
On Friday night, Johnny Damon opened off the game with a home run, and Trot Nixon’s bases-loaded double in the third inning drove in two more runs.
As one Boston Globe columnist put it, “This must have been what it must have felt like in 1918,” he wrote.
They repeated as World Series champions in 2013 and 2018, respectively.
Negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union have been complicated and fraught with anxiety, but they have finally resulted in a plan to bring the two-week-old Cuban Missile Crisis to a close.
Since President John F.
The total, which included 1,012,851 men and women in state and federal prisons, did not even include municipal prisons, where an estimated 500,000 inmates were held, according to estimates.
The two had broken a statute approved by the Massachusetts General Court the previous year, according to the court’s findings.
on October 27, 1904.
Roosevelt was educated at home before attending Harvard University, where he received his bachelor’s degree in 1880.
Roosevelt tied the knot in 1880.
It is this invention that would permanently alter the landscape of the American West.
It was usual for the original cast recordings of hit Broadway musicals to reach the top of the pop album charts during the period between the late 1950s and mid 1960s.
Sylvia Plath is born on October 27, 1932, in Boston, Massachusetts, and is a poet.
He was an autocrat at home, insisting that his wife give up her teaching job in order to raise their two children.
click here to find out more It is in the Bronx where John Joseph Gotti, Jr., the future boss of the Gambino crime family and a man who would later be called “the Dapper Don” because to his polished look and fine clothes, is born in the year 1926.
click here to find out more On October 27, 2006, the final Ford Taurus leaves the manufacturing line in Hapeville, Georgia, marking the end of an era.
A pair of keys to a silver automobile were handed over to Truett Cathy, the 85-year-old founding father of Chick-fil-A fast-food business, who drove it directly to his company’s headquarters in Atlanta and put it on display. click here to find out more
It is the championship series of the two major professional baseball leagues in North America, which are known collectively as Major League Baseball: the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), which are played postseason play-off series between champions of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), which together constitute Major League Baseball. The World Series was established in 1903, following the conclusion of hostilities between the Netherlands and the newly constituted Allies of the World.
- The event drew a little more than 100,000 people, and the players’ half of the proceeds totaled somewhat more than $1,000 apiece.
- Since 1922, a seven-game series has been the traditional format.
- Montreal and Toronto were given major league clubs in 1969 and 1977, respectively, making them the first Canadian teams to compete in major league baseball.
- The American League’s New York Yankees have won the most series.
- Are you up for it?
The World Series name has been applied to a number of lesser-known baseball championships, including theJunior World Series, which is played between the champions of the International League and the American Association (both professional minor leagues in the United States), and theLittle League World Series, which is held annually and features international representation for teams of boys and girls ranging in age from 9 to 18 years old.
The World Series results are listed in the following table.
|year||winning team||losing team||results|
|*AL—American League. NL—National League.|
|**One tied game.|
|1903||Boston Americans (AL)||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||5–3|
|1905||New York Giants (NL)||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||4–1|
|1906||Chicago White Sox (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–2|
|1907**||Chicago Cubs (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–0|
|1908||Chicago Cubs (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–1|
|1909||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–3|
|1910||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–1|
|1911||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1912**||Boston Red Sox (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–3|
|1913||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–1|
|1914||Boston Braves (NL)||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||4–0|
|1915||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–1|
|1916||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Brooklyn Robins (NL)||4–1|
|1917||Chicago White Sox (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1918||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–2|
|1919||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||Chicago White Sox (AL)||5–3|
|1920||Cleveland Indians (AL)||Brooklyn Robins (NL)||5–2|
|1921||New York Giants (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||5–3|
|1922**||New York Giants (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–0|
|1923||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1924||Washington Senators (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–3|
|1925||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||Washington Senators (AL)||4–3|
|1926||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1927||New York Yankees (AL)||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||4–0|
|1928||New York Yankees (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–0|
|1929||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–1|
|1930||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–2|
|1931||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Philadelphia Athletics (AL)||4–3|
|1932||New York Yankees (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–0|
|1933||New York Giants (NL)||Washington Senators (AL)||4–1|
|1934||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–3|
|1935||Detroit Tigers (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–2|
|1936||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1937||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–1|
|1938||New York Yankees (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–0|
|1939||New York Yankees (AL)||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||4–0|
|1940||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–3|
|1941||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–1|
|1942||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–1|
|1943||New York Yankees (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–1|
|1944||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||St. Louis Browns (AL)||4–2|
|1945||Detroit Tigers (AL)||Chicago Cubs (NL)||4–3|
|1946||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Boston Red Sox (AL)||4–3|
|1947||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–3|
|1948||Cleveland Indians (AL)||Boston Braves (NL)||4–2|
|1949||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–1|
|1950||New York Yankees (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–0|
|1951||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Giants (NL)||4–2|
|1952||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–3|
|1953||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–2|
|1954||New York Giants (NL)||Cleveland Indians (AL)||4–0|
|1955||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1956||New York Yankees (AL)||Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)||4–3|
|1957||Milwaukee Braves (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1958||New York Yankees (AL)||Milwaukee Braves (NL)||4–3|
|1959||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||Chicago White Sox (AL)||4–2|
|1960||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1961||New York Yankees (AL)||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||4–1|
|1962||New York Yankees (AL)||San Francisco Giants (NL)||4–3|
|1963||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–0|
|1964||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|1965||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||Minnesota Twins (AL)||4–3|
|1966||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–0|
|1967||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Boston Red Sox (AL)||4–3|
|1968||Detroit Tigers (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–3|
|1969||New York Mets (NL)||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||4–1|
|1970||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||4–1|
|1971||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||4–3|
|1972||Oakland Athletics (AL)||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||4–3|
|1973||Oakland Athletics (AL)||New York Mets (NL)||4–3|
|1974||Oakland Athletics (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–1|
|1975||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||Boston Red Sox (AL)||4–3|
|1976||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–0|
|1977||New York Yankees (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–2|
|1978||New York Yankees (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–2|
|1979||Pittsburgh Pirates (NL)||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||4–3|
|1980||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||Kansas City Royals (AL)||4–2|
|1981||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–2|
|1982||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Milwaukee Brewers (AL)||4–3|
|1983||Baltimore Orioles (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–1|
|1984||Detroit Tigers (AL)||San Diego Padres (NL)||4–1|
|1985||Kansas City Royals (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–3|
|1986||New York Mets (NL)||Boston Red Sox (AL)||4–3|
|1987||Minnesota Twins (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–3|
|1988||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||Oakland Athletics (AL)||4–1|
|1989||Oakland Athletics (AL)||San Francisco Giants (NL)||4–0|
|1990||Cincinnati Reds (NL)||Oakland Athletics (AL)||4–0|
|1991||Minnesota Twins (AL)||Atlanta Braves (NL)||4–3|
|1992||Toronto Blue Jays (AL)||Atlanta Braves (NL)||4–2|
|1993||Toronto Blue Jays (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–2|
|1995||Atlanta Braves (NL)||Cleveland Indians (AL)||4–2|
|1996||New York Yankees (AL)||Atlanta Braves (NL)||4–2|
|1997||Florida Marlins (NL)||Cleveland Indians (AL)||4–3|
|1998||New York Yankees (AL)||San Diego Padres (NL)||4–0|
|1999||New York Yankees (AL)||Atlanta Braves (NL)||4–0|
|2000||New York Yankees (AL)||New York Mets (NL)||4–1|
|2001||Arizona Diamondbacks (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–3|
|2002||Anaheim Angels (AL)||San Francisco Giants (NL)||4–3|
|2003||Florida Marlins (NL)||New York Yankees (AL)||4–2|
|2004||Boston Red Sox (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–0|
|2005||Chicago White Sox (AL)||Houston Astros (NL)||4–0|
|2006||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–1|
|2007||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Colorado Rockies (NL)||4–0|
|2008||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||Tampa Bay Rays (AL)||4–1|
|2009||New York Yankees (AL)||Philadelphia Phillies (NL)||4–2|
|2010||San Francisco Giants (NL)||Texas Rangers (AL)||4–1|
|2011||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||Texas Rangers (AL)||4–3|
|2012||San Francisco Giants (NL)||Detroit Tigers (AL)||4–0|
|2013||Boston Red Sox (AL)||St. Louis Cardinals (NL)||4–2|
|2014||San Francisco Giants (NL)||Kansas City Royals (AL)||4–3|
|2015||Kansas City Royals (AL)||New York Mets (NL)||4–1|
|2016||Chicago Cubs (NL)||Cleveland Indians (AL)||4–3|
|2017||Houston Astros (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–3|
|2018||Boston Red Sox (AL)||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||4–1|
|2019||Washington Nationals (NL)||Houston Astros (AL)||4–3|
|2020||Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)||Tampa Bay Rays (AL)||4–2|
|2021||Atlanta Braves (NL)||Houston Astros (AL)||4–2|
Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Amy Tikkanen has made the most current revisions and updates to this page.
St. Louis Cardinals
The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball club that was founded in 1882 and now competes in the National League (NL). The Cardinals, who are based in St. Louis, Missouri, have won 11 World Series championships and 23 National League pennants in their history. St. Louis is the second most successful organization in baseball history, trailing only the New York Yankees in terms of World Series victories. The Cardinals are the oldest major league team west of the Mississippi River and one of the sport’s most consistently successful franchises.
It was in 1892 that the team went to the National League, where it struggled, placing last or second to last in five of its first seven seasons in the newly formed league.
Although the Cardinals continued to struggle throughout the first two decades of the twentieth century, they were bolstered by the signing of future Hall of Fame infielder Rogers Hornsby, who was instrumental in the team’s turnaround.
One of baseball’s all-time best infielders, Frankie Frisch, guided the Cardinals to three World Series appearances between 1928 and 1931, including a series victory in 1928.
In 1934, future Hall of Fame pitcherDizzy Dean won 30 games (and his brother Paul won 19) for a flamboyant World Series-winning Cardinals club known as “the Gashouse Gang” for their rough-and-tumble approach to baseball.
Are you up for it?
Stan Musial became a member of the club in 1941.
The Cardinals teams of the 1940s finished first or second in the National League standings in every season but one throughout the decade.
The Cardinals competed in three seven-game World Series throughout the decade, winning two of them, in 1964 and 1967, against the Yankees and the Red Sox, respectively.
The Cardinals’ 1964 World Series victory was memorable for breaking the Yankees’ amazing mid-century dynasty, which saw the New York side win 14 pennants in 16 seasons over the period from 1939 to 1964.
In 2006, the club began playing in a new ballpark, which was also known as Busch Stadium.
The best shortstop on the defensive side of the ball Ozzie Smith joined the team in 1982 and was a key contributor to the team’s World Series victory in his first season in St.
Smith’s Cardinals teams advanced to the World Series twice more in the 1980s, but were defeated on both occasions.
The next year, the Cardinals signed slugger Mark McGwire, whose pursuit of the single-season home run record in 1998 cemented his status as a local hero (though allegations of steroid use would later damage his reputation among Cardinal fans).
Pujols was named MVP of the series in 2004.
They did it by comfortably defeating the much favored Detroit Tigers in the championship game.
The Cardinals then defeated both the Philadelphia Phillies and the Milwaukee Brewers in the postseason to progress to the World Series for the first time since 2004.
After losing in seven games to the eventual champion San Francisco Giants in the National League Championship Series (NLCS) in 2012, the Cardinals won their way back into the World Series in 2013, where they were beaten by the Boston Red Sox in six games this time.
While the Cardinals achieved a franchise first by qualifying for the postseason for the fifth consecutive season in 2015, they were unable to do so in 2016.
Louis won the National League Central championship and progressed to the National League Championship Series, where they were swept by the Washington Nationals.
Adam Augustyn is a fictional character created by author Adam Augustyn. Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica