## Save Opportunity (SVO)

Every time a relief pitcher either records a save or blows a save, he or she has created a save opportunity. In order to be eligible for a save opportunity, a pitcher must be the final pitcher for his team (and not the winning pitcher) and do one of the following actions:

- If you enter the game with a three-run advantage or less, you must throw at least one inning. Enter the game with the tying run in the on-deck circle – or a run that is closer to scoring than the other team. At the very least, throw three innings.

Save possibilities are critical in determining if a save is made, whether a save is blown, and whether a hold is made. To achieve any of those three outcomes, a pitcher must first have a save opportunity. Typically, closers will earn the majority of save opportunities during the course of a season because their duty is to keep leads at the conclusion of games. An uncredited save opportunity is awarded to a setup man who earns a hold, because he neither completed nor squandered the saved opportunity.

##### Origin

Save was a phrase used by general managers in the 1950s that had no specified restrictions attached to it. In simple terms, it refers to a pitcher who enters the game with a lead and finishes the game with a win – regardless of the score. In the early 1960s, the writer Jerome Holtzman was the first to specify concrete criteria for saving money. However, it wasn’t until 1969 that saves became an official statistic.

## SV (Baseball) – Definition – Lexicon & Encyclopedia

definition of SV This page provides an explanation for the acronym “SV.” The Slangit team has authored and collated the definition, example, and related words given above. If you have any questions, please contact us. Definition of Save (SV). Under certain conditions, a save is awarded to the relief pitcher who completes a game for the winning side. In the same game, a pitcher cannot earn both a save and a victory. It is the number of times a winning pitcher has pitched till the finish of the game that is measured in saves (SV).

- Saves (SV) divided by the number of Save Opportunities (SO) (OP).
- SV – “Save” – A save is attributed to a pitcher who meets all three of the following criteria: the pitcher is the final pitcher in a game won by his team; the pitcher does not qualify to be credited with a victory (W); and the pitcher does not qualify to be credited with a save (SV).
- Call for a strikeout A strikeout happens when a batsman does not make an attempt to bat after the third strike.
- SV Save Return to the top of the page.
- Save (abbreviated SV or occasionally S) is a word in baseball statistics that refers to the effective preservation of a lead by a relief pitcher, generally the closer, from one inning through the finish of the game.
- SV stands for scorekeeping.

View this page for more information on the terms Ash, Punch and Judy batter, Down, Run or runs scored, Third base coach, and Third base coach.

## Save – BR Bullpen

It is astatisticawarded to a relief pitcher, often known as acloser, who enters a game under specific conditions and keeps his team’s lead until the finish of the game. Asave (abbreviatedSVorS) For the 1969 season, the save rule was initially used, and it was later revised for the 1974 and 1975 seasons. Baseball scholars have gone through the official data in order to compute saves for all major league seasons previous to 1969, and they have done it retrospectively.

## Definition

A save is given to a relief pitcher who satisfies all three of the following requirements:

- A player qualifies if he is the winning pitcher in his club’s victory in a game in which he was the closing pitcher
- He is not the winning pitcher
- And he qualifies under one of the following conditions:

- The pitcher must either enter the game with a lead of no more than three runs and pitch for at least one inning
- Or he must enter the game, regardless of the score, with the possible tying run either on base, at bat, or on the mound
- Or he must pitch for at least three innings. It has been decided that the word “effectively” will no longer be used in MLB rules.

A save may or may not be awarded in the last condition, and the official scorer has some discretion in making this determination. This is in accordance with Major League Rules 10.20. In a single game, no more than one save may be given credit. It is referred to as a save opportunity when a pitcher enters the game in the conditions indicated above.

### Earlier Rules

Since the start of the 1975 season, the present rule has been in place, with some modifications. Savings were allocated differently in two prior iterations of the regulation. When a relief pitcher entered the game with his side in the lead and maintained that lead for the duration of the game, that pitcher was awarded a save, provided he was not given credit for the victory. Unless he was pulled from the game to make way for a pinch-hitter or pinch-runner, a relief pitcher could not be awarded a save if the game was not completed by the pitcher.

In preparation for the 1974 season, the save rule was updated and made more straightforward.

- To be eligible, he had to come into the game with either the possible tying or winning run on base or at the bat and keep the lead, or he had to throw at least three or more efficient innings to keep the lead.

Even if a pitcher did not complete the game, he might be credited with the save if he was pulled for either a pinch hitter or a pinch runner before the last out was recorded. The official scorer had to decide which pitcher had been the most effective when more than one pitcher was in a position to qualify for a save. He then had to award the save to that pitcher. There were instances under both former versions of the save rule where pitchers were credited with saves despite the fact that they would not have earned them under the current system, and it was possible to seeboxscores in which this occurred.

## History

A lobbying campaign by sportswriterJerome Holtzmanof the Chicago Sun-Timesduring the 1960s resulted in the creation of the save as a statistic. Traditional pitching statistics, such as reliefwins and losses, he argued, were inadequate in capturing the work done by relief specialists, and he proposed the save as a way of quantifying the number of times a relief pitcher was successful in one of the most critical missions that he had to complete: keeping the game in the lead. The Sporting News, a weekly journal for which Holtzman also contributed articles, began tracking saves several seasons before the official definition was established under the scoring regulations.

Closers are seldom seen in a game, with the exception of in-game save scenarios.

Nowadays, closers tend to have a small number of triumphs and a losing record on the whole.

It is also possible to illustrate how relievers have been used differently throughout history by contrasting how Hall of FamerelieverRollie Fingers, who pitched in the1970s and early1980s, and Hall of FamerelieverTrevor Hoffman, who retired after the 2010 season and is second on the all-time list, have been used.

- Hoffman, on the other hand, had 482 career saves at the end of the 2006 season, but just 7 of them were for two or more innings, and none of them were for three or more innings.
- Many have expressed concern about the way the save has emerged as the primary statistic for judging contemporary relief relievers, and how this has impacted use.
- Teams are increasingly reliant on a group of middle relief specialists, who are frequently underappreciated, to maintain a lead until the closer enters the game.
- Various other tasks, such as keeping a team in the game, getting out of a jam, and pitching in extra innings, are not included in official statistics.

This is why sabermetricians have invented a variety of alternative metrics for relievers, all of which are intended to reveal which pitchers have been the most effective in relief, regardless of whether or not they have amassed a large amount of saves.

## Blown Save

When sportswriter Jerome Holtzman of the Chicago Sun-Timeslobbied for the statistic to be established in the 1960s, it was officially recognized. Traditional pitching statistics, such as reliefwins and losses, he argued, were inadequate in capturing the work done by relief specialists, and he proposed the save as a way of quantifying the number of times a relief pitcher was successful in one of the most critical missions that he had to complete: keeping the game in hand. Several seasons before the official definition of saves was established under the scoring rules, the Sporting News, a weekly newspaper for which Holtzman also published, began calculating saves.

In most games, closers only appear in save situations or when a goal is needed.

The closing record of today’s closers is often poor, with a few wins and a slew of losses.

It is also possible to illustrate how relievers have been used differently throughout history by contrasting how Hall of FamerelieverRollie Fingers, who pitched in the1970s and early1980s, andTrevor Hoffman, who retired after the 2010 season and ranks second all-time in saves, have been used over the past four decades.

- Hoffman, on the other hand, had 482 career saves at the end of the 2006 season, but just 7 of those came after two innings and none after three innings.
- When the save became the dominant statistic in judging contemporary relief pitchers, a great deal of criticism was leveled at the method by which it was implemented.
- To keep the lead until the closer arrives, teams are increasingly reliant on a bunch of middle relief specialists who are frequently unnoticed.
- Several other tasks, such as keeping a team in the game, getting out of a jam, and pitching in extra innings, are not included in official statistics.

Sabermetricians have invented many alternative measures for relievers in order to determine which pitchers have been the most effective in relief, regardless of whether or not they have accumulated a large amount of saves. These measures are described in more detail below.

## Tough Save

Points for the Rolaids Relief Man Award are awarded based on how well a save is executed. When a pitcher earns a save with the tying run on base, it is referred to as a “Tough Save.” A reliever who enters a game in which there is no opportunity for a save and loses up the lead before being replaced will be assessed a two-point penalty (the same as a blown save), but will not be charged with a blown save because there was no opportunity for a save.

## All Time Leaders

All Time Leaders | |||
---|---|---|---|

Span | Player | Total | Notes |

MLB Career | Mariano Rivera | 602 | |

MLB Season | Francisco Rodríguez | 62 | 2008 |

NPB Career | Hitoki Iwase | 400+ | |

NPB Season | Dennis Sarfate | 54 | 2017 |

KBO Career | Seung-hwan Oh | 277 | |

KBO Season | Seung-hwan Oh | 47 | 2006 |

Negro League Career | Andy Cooper | 29 | |

Minor League Season | Jamie Cochran | 46 | 1993 |

## Related Articles

- Rolaids Relief Man Award, Fireman of the Year, Save Point, and Career Leaders for Saves are among the honors bestowed to firefighters.

## Further Reading

- Bill Felber: I’d like to thank you for your time “Joe Posnanski: “Save evolves from stat to game-changer”, MLB.com, April 13, 2017
- Gabriel Schechter: “All Saves Are Not Created Equal”, inThe Baseball Research Journal, Society for American Baseball Research, Cleveland, OH,35 (2007), pp. 100-10
- Bill James: “Valuing Relievers,” The Free Press, New York, NY, 2001
- Bill James: “Valuing Relievers”, inThe New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, The Free Press The Goose Egg Has the Power to Remedy the Situation “FiveThirtyEight.com published an article on April 17, 2017 stating that

## Save

Bill Felber: I’d like to thank you for your time and consideration “Bill James: “Valuing Relievers”, inThe New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, The Free Press, New York, NY, 2001, pp. 232-239; Joe Posnanski: “Save evolves from stat to game-changer”, MLB.com, April 13, 2017; Gabriel Schechter: “All Saves Are Not Created Equal”, inThe Baseball Research Journal, Society for American Baseball Research, Cleveland, OH,35 (2007), pp. 100-10; Bill James: “Valuing You Can Get It Fixed With The Goose Egg “on the 17th of April, 2017, FiveThirtyEight.com

## Usage

Stats from the world of baseball The term save (abbreviated SV or S) refers to the effective preservation of a lead by a relief pitcher, generally the closer, until the finish of a baseball game. It is possible to earn saves for a pitcher if he or she meets all three of the following criteria:

- In a game won by his team, the pitcher is the final pitcher to throw
- For example, if a starting pitcher pitches a full game victory or, conversely, if a pitcher gets blown save and his team scores the winning run while he is the pitcher of record (a situation known as a “vulture win”), the pitcher is not considered the winning pitcher
- Each of the three requirements listed below is met by the pitcher at some point during the game:

- It is possible for him to enter the game with a lead of no more than three runs. He enters the game with the possibility of tying the game either on base, at bat, or on the field
- After entering the game with a lead, he must pitch at least three innings to keep the game alive.

If the pitcher gives up the lead at any time during the game, he will not be eligible for a save, but he will be the winning pitcher if his team comes back to win the game. In a single game, no more than one save may be given credit. Even when a relief pitcher meets all of the criteria for a save except for finishing the game, he will frequently be given the credit for ahold in most cases. The third rule, which is up to the opinion of the official scorer, can be problematic because it is subjective.

The term “save” refers to the definition found in Section 10.20 of the Major League Baseball Official Rules.

It is possible to be charged a blown save when a pitcher enters the game in a situation that allows him to earn a save (referred to as a “save situation”), but instead allows the tying run to score.

As in any other identical case, if that same pitcher also allows the winning run to score, and if his team does not come back to win the game, that pitcher will be credited with both the loss and a ‘blown save.’ Although the blown save is not an officially recognized statistic, numerous sites keep track of how many times it occurs.

- An ineligible reliever will not be eligible for another save in that game (since the lead he was attempting to “save” has vanished), but he will be eligible for a win should his team take the lead back.
- Closers spend the most of their time in the game with their side ahead, hence a defeat is almost always accompanied by a botched save.
- Since the 1960s, the varied roles of relief pitchers have evolved, and closers who frequently throw two or more innings have become increasingly unusual; nonetheless, there are still exceptions to the rule.
- Consider the following scenario: He begins the game with an insurmountable advantage and does not make himself eligible for a save until the lead has been reduced sufficiently to bring it within reach of the save window.

A save circumstance must exist when he first begins the game, or else he will be unable to gain a save point.

### Save leaders in Major League Baseball

Active players are shown in bold, while left-handed pitchers are denoted by an asterisk (*).

#### 300 Career Save Club

Rank | Player | Saves | Team(s) | Year(s) |
---|---|---|---|---|

1 | Trevor Hoffman | 482 | Florida,San Diego | 1993 – |

2 | Lee Smith | 478 | Chicago (NL),Boston,St. Louis,New York (AL),Baltimore,California,Cincinnati,Montreal | 1980 – 97 |

3 | John Franco * | 424 | Cincinnati,New York (NL),Houston | 1984 – 2005 |

4 | Mariano Rivera | 413 | New York (AL) | 1995 – |

5 | Dennis Eckersley | 390 | Cleveland,Boston,Chicago (NL),Oakland,St. Louis | 1975 – 98 |

6 | Jeff Reardon | 367 | New York (NL),Montreal,Minnesota,Boston,Atlanta,Cincinnati,New York (AL) | 1979 – 94 |

7 | Randy Myers * | 347 | New York (NL),Cincinnati,San Diego,Chicago (NL),Baltimore,Toronto | 1985 – 98 |

8 | Rollie Fingers | 341 | Oakland,San Diego,Milwaukee | 1968 – 85 |

9 | John Wetteland | 330 | Los Angeles,Montreal,New York (AL),Texas | 1989 – 2000 |

10 | Roberto Hernandez | 326 | Chicago (AL),San Francisco,Tampa Bay,Kansas City,Atlanta,Philadelphia,New York (NL),Pittsburgh,Cleveland | 1991 – |

11 | Troy Percival | 324 | California/Anaheim,Detroit | 1995 – 2005 |

Billy Wagner * | 324 | Houston,Philadelphia,New York (NL) | 1995 – | |

13 | Jose Mesa | 320 | Baltimore,Cleveland,San Francisco,Seattle,Philadelphia,Pittsburgh,Colorado,Detroit | 1987,1990 – |

14 | Rick Aguilera | 318 | New York (NL),Minnesota,Boston,Chicago (NL) | 1985 – 2000 |

15 | Robb Nen | 314 | Texas,Florida,San Francisco | 1993 – 2002 |

16 | Tom Henke | 311 | Texas,Toronto,St. Louis | 1982 – 95 |

17 | Rich Gossage | 310 | Chicago (AL),Pittsburgh,New York (AL),San Diego,Chicago (NL),San Francisco,Texas,Oakland,Seattle | 1972 – 94 |

18 | Jeff Montgomery | 304 | Cincinnati,Kansas City | 1987 – 99 |

19 | Doug Jones | 303 | Milwaukee,Cleveland,Houston,Philadelphia,Baltimore,Chicago (NL),Oakland | 1982,1986 – 2000 |

20 | Bruce Sutter | 300 | Chicago (NL),St. Louis,Atlanta | 1976 – 1986,1988 |

#### Single season

- Francisco Rodriguez is a member of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2008) *Randy Myers,Chicago Cubs(1993) – 62
- Bobby Thigpen,Chicago White Sox(1990) 57
- Éric Gagné,Los Angeles Dodgers(2003) – 55
- John Smoltz,Atlanta Braves(2002) – 55
- Mariano Rivera,New York Yankees(2004) – 53
- Trevor Hoffman,San Diego Padres(1998) – 53
- Rod Beck,Chicago Cub

#### Consecutive

The asterisk (**) indicates that the streak was achieved over the course of two consecutive years.

- Rod Beck, San Francisco Giants (1992 – 1995) – 41**
- Trevor Hoffman, San Diego Padres (1997 – 1998) – 41
- Dennis Eckersley, Oakland Athletics(1991 – 1992) – 40

### Blown Save leaders in Major League Baseball

Active players are shown in bold, while left-handed pitchers are denoted by an asterisk (*).

#### Career (as ofAugust 9,2006)

- Rich Gossage received 112 points
- Rollie Fingers received 109 points
- Jeff Reardon received 106 points
- Lee Smith received 103 points
- Bruce Sutter received 101 points
- John Franco * – 100 points
- Sparky Lyle * – 86 points
- Gene Garber received 82 points
- Kent Tekulve received 81 points
- Gary Lavelle received 80 points.

#### Single season

- John Hiller *,Detroit Tigers(1976) – 13
- Rich Gossage,New York Yankees(1983) – 13
- Jeff Reardon,Montreal Expos(1986) – 13
- Dave Righetti *,New York Yankees(1987) – 13
- Dan Plesac *,Milwaukee Brewers(1987) – 13
- Dave Righetti *

## See also

Tony Gwynn had another outstanding season in 1997, with 592 at-bats and 220 strikeouts, and an avg of.372, which was the best in the National League. Which of these abbreviations do all of these letters stand for? The Baseball Almanac is glad to give a standard collection of acronyms that are seen and used in print on a regular basis in the sport of baseball.

## Baseball Stats

Baseball Abbreviations 101Offensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ABBBAVGCS2BGIDP GRSLHBPHHRRHRIBBISO LOB OBPOPSRRBISFSHSSLGSB%SBRSBSOTB3B | At BatsBases on Balls (Walks)Batting AverageCaught StealingDoublesGround into Double Plays Grand SlamsHit by PitchHitsHome Run RatioHome RunsIntentionalBasesonBalls(Walks)Isolated Power Left on Base On-Base PercentageOn-Base Plus SluggingRunsRuns Batted InSacrifice FliesSacrifice Hits (Bunts)SinglesSlugging PercentageStolen Base PercentageStolen Base RunsStolen BasesStrikeoutsTotal BasesTriples |

Pitching Abbreviations for Statistics | |

AOBB BFPBKCBOCGCGLERERAGFGOGOAOGPGSHHBPHRIBBIPIRAIPSLMB9OBAPARRPFRWS/SHOSOSVSVOTBWWP | Fly Outs (Air)Walks (Bases on Balls) Batters Facing PitcherBalksCombined ShutoutComplete GamesComplete Game LossesEarned RunsEarned Run AverageGames FinishedGround OutsGround Outs / Fly Outs RatioGames PlayedGames StartedHitsHit BattersHome RunsIntentional WalksInnings PitchedInherited Runs AllowedInnings Per StartLossesBaserunners Per 9 InningsOpponents’ Batting AveragePlate AppearancesRunsRelief FailuresRelief WinsShutoutsStrikeoutsSavesSave OpportunitiesTotal BasesWinsWild Pitches |

Defensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ACSDPEGPOFAPBPKPOSBTCTP | AssistsCaught StealingDouble PlaysErrorsGames PlayedOutfield AssistsPassed BallsPickoffsPutoutsStolen Bases Total ChancesTriple Plays |

Miscellaneous Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ML SER | Major League Service |

Baseball Stats Abbreviations 101 |

The “common” set has several variations (DO Doubles, TR Triples, etc.), but these are the ones that are regarded “official” and are the ones that are used here at Baseball Almanac, among other places. Did you know that the National Association (a non-official league that gave rise to the National Leagueofficial )’s statistics were destroyed in a fire in the early 1900’s? Major League Baseball organized a Special Baseball Records Committee in the 1960s to examine the irregular records that had been kept previous to the 1920 season.

## Sports

Definitions of Baseball Terms | |

% Inherited Scored | A Relief Pitching statistic indicating the percentage of runners on base at the time a relief pitcher enters a game that he allows to score. |

1st Batter OBP | The On-Base Percentage allowed by a relief pitcher to the first batter he faces in a game. |

Active Career Batting Leaders | Minimum of 1,000 At Bats required for Batting Average, On-Base Percentage, Slugging Percentage, At Bats Per HR, At Bats Per GDP, At Bats Per RBI, and K/BB Ratio. One hundred (100) Stolen Base Attempts required for Stolen Base Success %. Any player who appeared in 1995 is eligible for inclusion provided he meets the category’s minimum requirements. |

Active Career Pitching Leaders | Minimum of 750 Innings Pitched required for Earned Run Average, Opponent Batting Average, all of the Per 9 Innings categories, and Strikeout to Walk Ratio. Two hundred fifty (250) Games Started required for Complete Game Frequency. One hundred (100) decisions required for Win-Loss Percentage. Any player who appeared in 1995 is eligible for inclusion provided he meets the category’s minimum requirements. |

BA ScPos Allowed | Batting Average Allowed with Runners in Scoring Position. |

Baserunners per Nine Innings | These are the hits, walks and hit batsmen allowed per nine innings. |

Bases Loaded | This category shows a player’s batting average in bases loaded situation. |

Batting Average | Hits divided by At Bats. |

Bequeathed Runners | Any runner(s) on base when a pitcher leaves a game are considered bequeathed to the departing hurler; the opposite of inherited runners (see below). |

Blown Saves | This is charged any time a pitcher comes into a game where a save situation is in place and he loses the lead. |

Catcher’s ERA | The Earned Run Average of a club’s pitchers with a particular catcher behind the plate. To figure this for a catcher, multiply the Earned Runs Allowed by the pitchers while he was catching times nine and divide that by his number of Innings Caught. |

Cheap Wins/Tough Losses/Top Game Scores | First determine the starting pitcher’s Game Score as follows: |

- Start with a number of 50
- The starting pitcher gets one point for every strikeout he records
- After the fourth inning, add 2 points for each additional inning the pitcher goes on to complete. For each strikeout, add one point to your total. For each hit that is permitted, deduct two points. For each earned run that is permitted, subtract 4 points. Add 2 points to account for an unearned run. For each stroll, deduct one point from your total.

Cleanup Slugging% | The Slugging Percentage of a player when batting fourth in the batting order. |

Clutch | This category shows a player’s batting average in the late innings of close games: the seventh inning or later with the batting team ahead by one, tied, or has the tying run on base, at bat or on deck. |

Complete Game Frequency | Complete Games divided by Games Started. |

Defensive Batting Average | A composite statistic incorporating various defensive statistics to arrive at a number akin to batting average. The formula uses standard deviations to establish a spread from best to worst. |

Earned Run Average | (Earned Runs times 9) divided by Innings Pitched. |

Fast-A | Otherwise known as “Advanced A,” these A-level minor leagues are the California League, Carolina League and Florida Stat League. |

Favorite Toy | The Favorite Toy is a method that is used to estimate a player’s chance of getting to a specific goal in the following example, we’ll say 3,000 hits.Four things are considered: |

- Needed Hits – the number of hits required to get the desired result. (Of course, this could also be “Need Home Runs” or “Need Doubles” – whatever you want to call it.)
- Years Remaining in the Contract. The formula 24-.6 is used to estimate the number of years that will be required to achieve the target (age). As a result of this approach, players under the age of 20 have 12.0 seasons left on their contract. Players under the age of 25 have nine seasons left on their contract, players under 30 have 6.0 seasons left on their contract, and players over 35 have just three season left on their contract. Any athlete who is currently actively participating in competitive sports is presumed to have at least 1.5 seasons left, regardless of his or her age. Hit Level has been established. For 1996, the established hit level would be calculated by multiplying 1993 hits by two times 1994 hits by three times 1995 hits by six, and then dividing the result by six. A player, on the other hand, cannot have an established performance level that is less than three-fourths of his most recent performance level
- For example, a player who had 200 hits in 1995 cannot have an established hit level that is less than 150
- Hits that are expected to be made in the future. This is calculated by multiplying the second number (the number of ears left) by the third number (the established hit level)

Once you have obtained the projected remaining hits, the probability of achieving the objective is calculated as (projected remaining hits) divided by (require hits), minus.5. If your “require hits” and your “projected remaining hits” are the same, you have a 50 percent probability of achieving your target using this technique of calculation. If your anticipated remaining hits are 20 percent greater than your required hits, you have a 70 percent probability of achieving your target in time. There are two specific rules, as well as a note:

- The probability of a player continuing to develop toward a goal cannot be more than.97 per year. For example, a player cannot calculate that they have a 148 percent probability of completing their goal because this is against the rules.)
- The possibility of a player continuing to develop toward the objective cannot be more than.75 each season if his offensive winning percentage is below.500 throughout the season. If a below-average batter is two years away from attaining a goal, his likelihood of accomplishing that objective cannot be proved to be better than nine-sixteenths of a percent, or three-fourths times three-fourths, no of his age.
- Rather of using actual figures from a complete season of play, we utilized predicted metrics for 1994 and 1995.

Fielding Percentage | (Putouts plus Assists) divided by (Putouts plus Assists plus Errors). |

First Batter Efficiency | This statistic tells you the batting average allowed by a relief pitcher to the first batter he faces. |

GDP per GDP Situation | A GDP situation exists any time there is a man on first with less than two outs. This statistic measures how often a player grounds into a double play in that situation. |

Go-Ahead RBI | Any time a player drives in a run which gives his team the lead, he is credited with a go-ahead RBI. |

Ground/Fly Ratio (Grd/Fly) | Simply a hitter’s ground balls divided by his fly balls. All batted balls except line drives and bunts are included. |

Hold | A Hold is credited any time a relief pitcher enters a game in a Save Situation (see definition below), records at least one out, and leaves the game never having relinquished the lead.Note: a pitcher cannot finish the game and receive credit for a Hold, nor can he earn a hold and a save. |

Inherited Runner | Any runner(s) on base when a relief pitcher enters a game are considered “inherited” by that pitcher. |

Isolated Power | Slugging Percentage minus Batting Average. |

K/BB Ratio | Strikeouts divided by Walks. |

LateClose | A LateClose situation meets the following requirements: |

- During the seventh inning or later, the batting side is either up by one run, tied, or has a possible tying run on base, at the plate, or on deck
- The game is over

Leadoff On Base% | The On-Base Percentage of a player when batting first in the batting order. |

No Decision (ND) | The result when a starter is credited with neither a win nor a loss. |

OBP+SLUG (OPS) | On-base percentage plus slugging percentage. |

Offensive Winning Percentage (OWP) | The Winning Percentage a team of nine Fred McGriffs (or anybody) would compile against average pitching and defense. The formula: (Runs Created per 27 outs) divided by the League average of runs scored per game. Square the result and divide it by (1+itself). |

On Base Percentage | (Hits plus Walks plus Hit by Pitcher) divided by (At Bats plus Walks plus Hit by Pitcher plus Sacrifice Flies). |

Opponent Batting Average | Hits Allowed divided by (Batters Faced minus Walks minus Hit Batsmen minus Sacrifice Hits minus Sacrifice Flies minus Catcher’s Interference). |

Outfielder Hold Percentage | A statistic used to evaluate outfielders’ throwing arms. “Hold Percentage” is computed by dividing extra bases taken (by baserunners) by the number of opportunities. For example, if a single is lined to center field with men on first and second, and one man scores while the other stops at second, that is one extra base taken on two opportunities, a 50.0 hold percentage. |

PA* | The divisor for On Base Percentage: At Bats plus Walks plus Hit By Pitcher plus Sacrifice Flies; or Plate Appearances minus Sacrifice Hits and Times Reached Base on Defensive Interference. |

PCS (Pitchers’ Caught Stealing) | The number of runners officially counted as Caught Stealing where the initiator of the fielding play was the pitcher, not the catcher. Note: such plays are often referred to as pickoffs, but appear in official records as Caught Stealings. The most common pitcher caught stealing scenario is a 1-3-6 fielding play, where the runner is officially charged a Caught Stealing because he broke for second base. Pickoff (fielding play 1-3 being the most common) is not an official statistic. |

Percentage of Pitches Taken | This tells you how often a player lets a pitch go by without swinging. |

Percentage of Swings Put In Play | This tells you how often a player hits the ball into fair territory, or is retired on a foul-ball out, when he swings. |

Pickoffs (Pk) | The number of times a runner was picked off base by a pitcher. |

Pivot Percentage | The number of double plays turned by a second baseman as the pivot man, divided by the number of opportunities. |

PkOf Throw/Runner | The number of pickoff throws made by a pitcher divided by the number of runners on first base. |

Plate Appearances | At Bats plus Total Walks plus Hit By Pitcher plus Sacrifice Hits plus Sacrifice Flies plus Times Reached on Defensive Interference. |

Power/Speed Number | A way to look at power and speed in one number. A player must score high in both areas to earn a high Power/Speed Number.The formula: (HR x SB x 2) divided by (HR + SB). |

Quality Start | Any start in which a pitcher works six or more innings while allowing three or fewer earned runs. |

Quick Hooks and Slow Hooks | A Quick Hook is the removal of a pitcher who has pitched less than 6 innings and given up 3 runs or less. A Slow Hook occurs when a pitcher pitches more than 9 innings, or allows 7 or more runs, or whose combined innings pitched and runs allowed totals 13 or more. |

Range Factor | The number of Chances (Putouts plus Assists) times nine divided by the number of Defensive Innings Played. The average for a Regular Player at each position in 1997: |

- 5.00 points for second base, 2.67 points for third base, 4.56 points for shortstop, and 1.99 points for left field, 2.55 points for center field, and 2.06 points for right field.

Relief Points (Pts) | Wins plus saves minus losses |

Run Support Per 9 IP | The number of runs scored by a pitcher’s team while he was still in the game times nine divided by his Innings Pitched. |

Runs Created | A way to combine a batter’s total offensive contributions into one number. The formula:(H + BB + HBP – CS – GIDP) times (Total Bases +.26(TBB – IBB + HBP) +.52(SH + SF + SB)) divided by (AB + TBB + HBP + SH + SF). |

Runs/Times on Base | This is calculated by dividing Runs Scored by Times on Base |

Save Percentage | Saves (SV) divided by Save Opportunities (OP). |

Save Situation | A Relief Pitcher is in a Save Situation when upon entering the game with his club leading, he has the opportunity to be the finishing pitcher (and is not the winning pitcher of record at the time), and meets any one of the three following conditions: |

- He enters the game with a lead of no more than three runs and has the opportunity to pitch for at least one inning, or he enters the game with the potential tying run on base, at bat, or on deck, regardless of the count, or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save
- Or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save

SBA | Stolen-base attempts against a catcher |

SB Success% | Stolen Bases divided by (Stolen Bases plus Caught Stealing). |

Secondary Average | A way to look at a player’s extra bases gained, independent of Batting Average. The formula:(Total Bases – Hits + TBB + SB) divided by At Bats. |

Slow-A | Otherwise known as “Regular A,” these full-season minor leagues contain less-experienced professional players. The Slow-A leagues are the Midwest League and South Atlantic League (Sally). |

Slugging Percentage | Total Bases divided by At Bats. |

Stolen Base Percentage Allowed | This figure indicates how successful opposing baserunners are when attempting a stolen base. It’s stolen bases divided by stolen-base attempts. |

Times on Base | Hits plus walks plus hit by pitch |

Total Bases | Hits plus Doubles plus (2 times Triples) plus (3 times Home runs). |

Win-Loss Percentage or Winning Percentage | Wins divided by (Wins plus Losses). |

Zone Rating | Simply the percentage of balls fielded by a player in his typical defensive “zone,” as measured by STATS reporters. |

Formulas and Definitions | |

PA | AB + BB + HBP + SF + SH + defensive interference |

PA* | AB + BB + HBP + SF |

Total Bases | |

AVG | H/AB |

OBP | (H + BB = HBP)/(AB + BB + HBP + SF) |

SLG | TB/AB |

Breakdown Categories | |

Ahead/Behind in Count | For hitters, ahead in count includes 1-0, 2-0, 3-0, 2-1 and 3-1. Behind in count for hitters includes 0-1, 0-2, 1-2 and 2-2. The opposite is true for pitchers. |

Day/Night | Officially, night games in the National League are those that start after 5:00 pm, while night games in the AL begin after 6:00 pm. Therefore, a game at 5:30 in Yankee Stadium is a day game while one in Shea Stadium at the same time is a night game. We avoid this silliness by calling all games starting after 5:00pm night games. |

First Pitch | Refers to the first pitch of a given at bat, and any walks listed here are intentional walks. |

Grass/Turf | Grass is grass. Turf is artificial turf. |

Groundball/Flyball Ratio | A hitter’s stats against pitchers that induce mostly grounders or flies, respectively. If the ratio is less than 1.00, then he is a Flyball hitter. If it is greater than 1.50, he is a Groundball hitter. Anything else is classified as neutral. Same cutoffs apply for classifying pitchers. Anyone with less than 50 plate appearances is automatically neutral. |

First Inning Pitched | Describes the result of the pitcher’s work until he recorded three outs. |

Inning 1-6 and Inning 7+ | These refer to the actual innings in which a pitcher worked. |

None On/Out | Refers to situation when there are no outs and the bases are empty (generally leadoff situations). |

None On/Runners On | Describes the status of the baserunners |

Number of Pitches | This section shows the results of balls put into play while his pitch count was in that range. |

Pitcher/Batter Match-Ups | The following conditions must be met before a player is added to the list: |

- For a batter to be considered a “Hits Best Against” candidate, there must be at least 10 plate appearances between him and the pitcher
- And for a pitcher to be considered a “Pitches Best Against” candidate, the batter must have a.300 batting average against the pitcher, and the pitcher must limit the batting average of the batter to under.250.

Scoring Position | At least one runner must be at either second or third base. |

Vs. 1st Batr (Relief) | Describes what happened to the first batter a reliever faces. |

## What Is Considered A Save In Baseball? [Rules Definition]

During specific situations, a save is a statistic that is awarded to the relief pitcher who comes in and ends the game for his side. Not to worry, we’ll walk you through everything step by step. The save was first recorded by Major League Baseball in 1969, and it is an essential statistic that appears on the career statistics of many bullpen pitchers in the major leagues. Whatever level of baseball fan you are, whether you are new to the game or a seasoned veteran, understanding what a save is in this thrilling sport is essential.

## What is a Save in Baseball?

An asave (SV) is a statistical term in baseball that counts the number of times a relief pitcher successfully completes an inning in which he or she was attempting to defend an advantage. The aim is to avoid allowing the tying run to cross the plate; if this happens, the save opportunity is lost, and the tying run results in a blown save for the pitcher. The most important thing to remember is that when the finishing pitcher enters the game in the ninth inning, he is going to shut the door on the opposition team (9th inning is usually when the closer is usually summoned).

A closer who gets off to a shaky start and consistently blows saves would still be credited with a large number of saves if they were to save the game on every occasion.

Let’s not forget about the winning team; it doesn’t matter if they are the visiting team or the home team; what counts is that the official scorer announces that your side is the winning team at the end of the day.

## How Do You Get a Save in Baseball?

There are a number of requirements that must be completed in order for an asave to occur in baseball. First and foremost, the pitcher must enter the game with his side ahead by three runs or less (this is referred to as entering “with a save opportunity” in baseball). Second, he is unable to complete the remainder of an inning in which his team does not have any more at-bats before being removed from the game. Third, if his team has a save opportunity, he must finish the game or throw at least one inning if he is on the mound (no save situation).

- Mariano Rivera, Trevor Hoffman, Dennis Eckersley, and Hoyt Wilhelm are among the actors who have appeared in the film.

Take a look at this video to see how to earn a saving:” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; picture-in-picture” allowfullscreen “The Dark Knight Rises: What Went Wrong?” is the title of the article. “Wisecrack Edition” > “Wisecrack Edition”

## How Often Do Saves Happen?

The amount of saves varies from season to season, which is not surprising given the fact that baseball is a game with numerous factors. Every two games, on average, a save is recorded in the sport of baseball. That may appear to be a low number, but it is because the criteria for earning a victory are different than the criteria for earning a save. It is possible to be given credit for a victory even if a pitcher fails to maintain control of the game’s lead as long as his team scores enough runs later on to finally win it.

The baseball season is well underway and rigorous, but it’s definitely worth your time to keep up with the rankings and statistics as they change during the season.

## Save Statistics for the Past 5 Seasons

We’ve included the save statistics for the last five MLB seasons, with the exception of 2020, which was not completed because the season was not completed.

### 2019

During the 2019 MLB season, there were 1,180 saves in 2,429 games, which implies that a save was made in 48.6 percent of the games played.

### 2018

A save was made in 1,244 of the 2,431 games played in Major League Baseball during the 2018 season, which means that saves were made in 51.2 percent of the games.

### 2017

It is estimated that 1,244 saves were made in MLB during the 2018 season, which translates to a save in 51.2 percent (2,431) of all games played.

### 2016

The 2016 MLB season saw 1,276 saves in 2,427 games, which implies that a save was made in 52.6 percent of the games played in 2016.

### 2015

During the 2015 season, there were 1,292 saves in MLB games played in 2,429 games, which implies that 53.2 percent of games had a save recorded during the season.

## What is a Blown Save?

A blown save happens when a pitcher enters the game in a save situation, but allows the tying and/or winning runs to score before exiting the game. A blown save is the term used by baseball analysts to describe a game in which a pitcher fails to defend a lead, resulting in his team losing the game. When a pitcher blows it, it’s referred to as “blowing it” because it’s more worse than simply giving up runs and being knocked out of the game; instead, they’re held accountable for letting a whole inning to slip away from them.

As most baseball fans are aware, a save is granted to any pitcher who completes the game with a lead over the opposition.

Considering that failed saves are very subjective, it’s difficult to identify who has the most botched saves in baseball each year, let alone across a career. There are just too many ifs and buts involved to make such a determination without some absolutely extraordinary figures.

## FAQs

Ahold (HLD) is a statistic that is given to a relief pitcher who enters a baseball game with his team leading by no more than three runs and exits the game either without giving up the lead or without giving up any further at-bat opportunities for his team.

### What is the longest save in MLB history?

Joaqun Benoit of the Detroit Tigers held the record for the longest save in Major League Baseball when he threw seven innings against the Minnesota Twins without allowing a run on April 27th.

### Who has the most saves in baseball?

Mariano Rivera is the all-time saves leader in baseball, having amassed 608 saves in his Major League Baseball career.

## Final Thoughts

By now, you should be able to answer any questions you have concerning saves in baseball and how they are used in the game. We also hope that you have gained some insight into the history of the main leagues. If you don’t know the answer, please leave a comment below and we’ll get back to you! The most important takeaways are to comprehend what a save is in Major League Baseball. When a game is close, you must know when to applaud and when to sit tight. Discover the factors that lead to a pitcher earning the elusive save.

Introduces newcomers to an essential statistic that may be found on the career records of many major league relief relievers.

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## What Is A Save In Baseball? Definition & Meaning On SportsLingo

A relief pitcher who closes the game for the winning side is awarded this statistic in baseball if he does it under particular, predetermined conditions.

## How Do You Get A Save In Baseball?

The reliever’s performance must fulfill all four of the standards outlined below in order for the save to be recorded:

- Serve as the victorious team’s last and most important pitching reliever
- The pitcher is given credit if he or she pitches at least a third of an inning. The pitcher is not the one who wins the game. The pitcher satisfies at least one of the requirements listed below:

- A pitcher who enters the game with a lead of no more than three runs and throws at least one inning In a tie game, the pitcher enters the game with the possible tying run on base, at bat, or on the field. At least three innings are pitched by the pitcher.

## Examples Of How Save Is Used In Commentary

The Yankees are up 2-1 with a runner on second and Rivera throwing a 0-2 cutter to Jones for a strike, earning the third and final out of the inning and giving him 30 saves on the season.

## SportsLingo Goes The Extra-Inch With The Meaning Of Save

Although the save statistic was first recorded in 1952, it was not recognized as an official Major League Baseball statistic until 1969. But it was baseball writer Jerome Holtzman who was the first to establish the criteria for how a relief pitcher might earn a save, which was established in 1960. Holtzman was of the opinion that the statistics available at the time did not accurately reflect the performance of relievers. In The Sporting News Weekly for nine years, Holtzman kept track of the save statistic unofficially until the statistic was made official by Major League Baseball, which began keeping track of it.

## Sports The Term Is Used

1.Baseball

## Abbreviated As:

S2. SV 1. S2. SV (This page has been seen 1,179 times, with 1 visit today)