Baseball Home Runs
Baseball’s most recognized and thrilling plays is the homerun, which is one of the game’s most exhilarating plays. The play occurs when a batter successfully smashes the baseball over the outfield fence, allowing him to race around the bases and score a run. Any runners currently on base will be given the opportunity to advance to home plate and score as well. Home runs (also known as homers) are spectacular demonstrations of a batter’s power and strength. With a single swing of the bat, a home run has the potential to alter the outcome of an entire game.
A grand slam is a sort of home run that is distinct from the other types. When a player hits a home run with the bases loaded, this is known as a sacrifice fly (there is a runner at every base). If the team scores four runs on a grand slam, the runner at first base, one for the runner at second base, one for the runner at third base, and one for the batter who hit the home run, the game is a tie. Earning four runs in a row in baseball, which is a game with a low scoring average, is a thrilling and noteworthy accomplishment.
Inside The Park Home Runs
Home runs hit within the park are another sort of home run that is even more rare than grand slams. Within the confines of the park, a home run is defined as any ball hit deep into the outfield (but not over the outfield fence) in such a way that the batter is able to run all of the bases and return to home plate before the fielders have a chance to tag him out. In contrast to traditional home runs (which are hits beyond the outfield fence), inside-the-park home runs demonstrate a player’s base runningspeed in addition to his or her power.
It is possible for a hitter to smash the baseball into an unusual corner of an outfield at a park with a deep and irregularly-shaped outfield, making it more difficult and time-consuming for outfielders to recover the baseball.
Back to Back Homers
Back-to-back home runs are yet another sort of home run that is quite uncommon. The occurrence of a home run streak occurs when two hitters hit a home run in succession. The term “back-to-back-to-back” refers to home runs hit by more than two hitters in a succession. The term is used to describe the number of consecutive home runs that have been hit.
- Yet another form of home run that is quite uncommon is back-to-back homers. The occurrence of a home run streak occurs when two hitters hit consecutive home runs. It is known as back-to-back home runs when more than two hitters hit home runs in a succession. The term is used to describe the number of consecutive home runs hit.
- Insabermetrics is the term used to describe early analytic endeavors. … He finally came up with his own (usually accurate) numbers for singles, doubles, triples, and home runs, which he used as a starting point for his research. When Lane served as editor of Baseball Magazine for 26 years, he was known for publishing pieces that questioned conventional thinking about baseball statistics on a consistent basis. More information may be found here.
- In the words of Hank Aaron. Aaron had hit 398 home runs by the time he turned 30 in 1965. On April 8, 1974, in Atlanta, he hit his 715th home run, shattering Babe Ruth’s previous record, which had held since 1935. After the 1974 season, Aaron was moved to the Milwaukee Brewers, who were then playing in the American League and acquired Aaron in the process. Aaron left his position as a result of the. More information may be found here.
- With 73 home runs, Barry Bonds broke Mark McGwire’s 1998 season record of 70 home runs on October 5, shattering the mark set by McGwire in 1998. It was speculated that Bonds may have used performance-enhancing drugs when Bond’s personal trainer pled guilty to distribution of prohibited steroids in 2005, leading to conjecture that Bonds himself had used the drugs
- Nevertheless, Bonds testified before a grand jury in. More information may be found here.
- From 1961 through 1998, Roger Maris had the most home runs in a single season with 61, which was the greatest number ever recorded in the big leagues. Because Maris accomplished this milestone inside a 162-game calendar, baseball commissioner Ford C. Frick ruled that Maris had not surpassed Babe Ruth’s record of 60 home runs (which was set over a 162-game schedule in 1935). Inbaseball: Records and Statistics. … fans rather than the number of home runs Babe Ruth’s single-season home run record (60 in 1927) held for 33 seasons until it was surpassed by Roger Maris in the 1961 season (with 61 home runs in 1961). The fact that Josh Gibson is credited with hitting 89 home runs in a single season should be mentioned. More information may be found here.
- In Best McGwire.broke Roger Maris’s major league record for the most home runs in a season (61), setting a new mark of 70. Researcher’s Note: The troublesome single-season home run record in baseball is depicted below. More information may be found here.
- The New York Yankees are named after Babe Ruth. That season, he hit 60 home runs, setting a record that stood until Roger Maris hit 61 in 1961 (see alsoResearcher’s Note: Baseball’s dubious single-season home run record for further information). Ruth and Lou Gehrig joined forces the next season to establish the greatest home run hitting combo in baseball history. Ruth and Gehrig were baseball legends. More information may be found here.
- Sammy Sosa became the only player in baseball history to hit 60 home runs in two seasons. More information may be found here.
- Ford Frick is a. Ruth’s single-season home run record of 60 in a 154-game season and Roger Maris’ single-season home run record of 61 in a 162-game season are both held by the Yankees. In 1970, Frick was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. More information may be found here.
He hit three home runs in the game. Outfielder Victor Reyes smashed a three-run home run on Sunday for Caribes de Anzoategui in the Venezuelan Winter League, which was the most recent example seen online. A Pederson fielder’s choice allows Atlanta to cut the distance that Milwaukee had opened with a two-run home run on December 22, 2021. —Evan Petzold, Detroit Free Press, December 22, 2021. —The New York Times, October 25, 2021 There was an unwritten rules argument that followed, spurred by a home hit that went for three runs on the board.
23 December 2021: —Chicago Tribune Staff, via Chicagotribune.com A walk-off home run in the regional finals gave Stoneman Douglas, the eventual Class 7A champion, the victory in his final season as the school’s athletic director.
Teri Figueroa, San Diego Union-Tribune, 1 December 2021After that home run to honor Gaba, Mancini only managed two more hits in the closing stretch, compiling an OPS of.622 over that span.
On November 1, 2021, Nick Piecoro of The Arizona Republic reported that Altuve’s home run was the second of back-to-back home runs from him and Alex Bregman.
Parker. Each of the following sample sentences is taken directly from various internet news sources to represent current use of the word ‘home run.’ It is not the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors that the viewpoints stated in the examples are correct. Please provide comments.
Why Is it Called a Home Run? And Other Home Run Facts
(This page was last updated on October 23, 2019) You’ve definitely heard the word “home run” before, whether you’re a die-hard baseball fan or just sometimes get a glimpse of it on your stepfather’s television. Either that, or you simply enjoyedMoneyball a lot. Home runs are among the most exhilarating plays in baseball, yet they are also an important component of the game’s strategy and strategy is vital. But have you ever questioned why we picked that particular phrase? What is the significance of the term “home run”?
What Are Home Runs?
To begin, let’s get technical with baseball laws and clarify what exactly a home run is before we discuss how they gained their name. In general, a home run happens when a hitter hits a baseball beyond the outfield fence in the batter’s field of play (as long as all this occurs in fair territory). Because the batter has effectively lost possession of the ball, he cannot be thrown out. As a result, they receive points on all four bases. However, a home run is properly defined as a hit that allows the hitter to reach all four bases on a single hit.
These are referred to as “inside-the-park home runs,” and they are extremely rare.
Classifying Home Runs
Baseball is a sport that is obsessed with statistics. In other words, there are many different ways to characterize the many sorts of home runs that a player may hit. In addition to conventional home runs and home runs within the park, there are also great slams to contend for. When a batter hits a home run with the bases loaded, this is what happens (aka when there are runners on all three other bases). It is referred to as a “walk-off” home run when a player hits any sort of home run that brings the game to a finish.
When two successive hitters each hit a home run, this is referred to as back-to-back home runs.
It is possible that the home run cycle is the most uncommon of all home run classifications.
The current state of affairs is that no player has ever accomplished this feat in an MLB game, mostly because it is reliant on having runners on base (which the hitter has no influence over).
The Origin of the Home Run
Okay, so you’re most likely here seeking the reason why home runs are named home runs in the first place. Unfortunately, there isn’t a lengthy and intriguing origin behind the phrase. It’s all about getting to home plate, really. Despite the fact that we have no idea why the inventors of baseball named it that, we believe it is called “home” since it is the ultimate aim of a runner in baseball to return to the starting point of the game. So, home runs are just a bunch of syllables smashed together–when it’s a batter can travel the bases and return to home plate on a single hit that they are considered home runs.
Because they have no risk of being tagged out, the batter doesn’t truly run all the way around the diamond–more it’s of a jog in this scenario.
Well, in the olden days of baseball, fields were often far larger than they are nowadays.
This meant that early baseball players were forced to sprint in order to complete a full circuit of the bases. As a result, the home run was hit. Do you want to be able to think as rapidly as home run batters must? Try your hand at baseball blitzhere.
Recently, I was watching a baseball game on television, and the same team hit two home runs in the same inning, which caught my attention. This is a rather unusual occurrence in baseball, but it got me wondering about how frequently home runs are hit in the Major Leagues. Home runs appear to be occurring more often, but what proportion of hits really home runs? In order to locate the solution, I decided to look into some statistics. In general, home runs account for 12.10 percent of all hits.
When all of the data is combined, it is estimated that 12.10 percent of base hits in Major League Baseball resulted in a home run.
Percentage of Hits That Are Home Runs By Year
In the graph above, we can see that the percentage of hits that result in a home run is increasing with time, which is consistent with the trend described above. In the 2001 season, 12.44 percent of all hits were home runs, however in the 2020 season, 15.96 percent of all hits were home runs (see chart). Let’s take a closer look at those data year after year to see how they’ve changed over time. Visit Baseball Reference’s year-by-year batting totals to learn where the total amount of hits and home runs originated.
|Year||Hits||Home Runs||Home Run Percentage|
There is one piece of fascinating information to take note of in the figure above: the overall number of hits appears to be decreasing during the 20-year period, although the total number of home runs has stayed pretty consistent (usually between 4,800 to 5,500 home runs per year). Since we’re interested in the percentage of hits that result in a home run, it stands to reason that the percentage of home runs has been steadily growing over the same period of time.
What is a Home Run in Baseball?
Taking a step back and reviewing the definition of a home run in baseball can help us better grasp the charts above. During baseball, a home run is defined as when a player knocks a fair ball over the outfield fence or when a player receives a base hit and successfully races around all bases without the defense committing an error on the play. The latter is referred to as a “in-park home run,” although the statistic is treated the same as a standard home run in terms of counting. When counting the amount of home runs a player has hit in his career, the number we are looking at can be a mix of home runs that have been hit over the fence and home runs that have been hit within the park, where the player has been able to safely make it around all four bases.
The classic home run is far easier to get by than inside-the-park home runs, which is why they are more rarer. In fact, they are so uncommon that the amount of home runs a player has is sometimes attributed to the fact that they have hit the ball over the outfield fence.
Percentages of Hits That Are Singles, Doubles, and Triples
When you consider the fact that in the Major Leagues, only around 12 percent of all hits result in a home run, the next thing you might be asking is what happens to the other 88 percent of all base hits. The same data from Baseball Reference’s year-by-year hitting totals was used to determine the answers, therefore I went through the same data to discover the answers.
What Percentage of Hits Are Singles?
Because the statistics from Baseball Reference did not provide the total number of singles in a season, I calculated the number of singles in a season by taking the total number of hits and subtracting the number of doubles, triples, and home runs from the total number of hits. The total number of singles in a season allowed me to compute the proportion of hits that were singles during a twenty-year period after discovering the total number of singles in a season. In general, singles account for 65.86 percent of all hits.
When all of the data was added together, it was found that 65.86 percent of base hits in Major League Baseball resulted in a single.
Despite the fact that the amount of singles has declined slightly throughout that period, the percentage of singles that occur each year is typically around 65 percent.
What Percentage of Hits Are Doubles?
The same twenty-year timeframe that I used to get the proportion of home runs was used to determine the percentage of doubles. Lastly, in order to determine the percentage, I took the entire number of doubles and divided it by the total number of hits for the time period in question. In general, doubles account for 19.98 percent of all hits. It was estimated that 831,932 base hits were hit in the Major League Baseball from the 2001 season to 2020 season, with 166,221 of those hits being doubles.
The proportion of MLB hits that resulted in a double for each year is depicted in the chart to the right.
What Percentage of Hits Are Triples?
Just like I did when computing the percentage of doubles that occurred in the Major Leagues, I calculated the total number of triples that occurred during the same twenty-year period and divided it by the total number of hits in the Major Leagues. The figure that I discovered was far lower than what I had anticipated. In general, triples account for 2.05 percent of all hits. From the 2001 season through the 2020 season, there were a total of 831,932 base hits in the Major League Baseball, with just 17,086 of those hits being triples.
We can see from the chart above, which displays the proportion of triples that have occurred year over year, how uncommon it is to witness a triple.
By looking at this chart, we can see that around 2 percent of all base hits result in a triple, and that number appears to be declining somewhat throughout the course of the game.
Baseball 101: Home run rules
Situation: Troy Tulowitzki hit a ball in the first inning of Thursday’s game against the Philadelphia Phillies that rebounded off a flower pot beyond left-center field and back into the playing field. The decision has been reached: a home run. For the following reasons: Each ballpark’s ground regulations vary, but home runs are defined as balls that are hit over the outfield fence, between or off the foul poles, and do not come into contact with the ground first. (A note to Rockies fans: Unless the umpire makes a mistake, the Rockies will win.) Generally, any ball that bounces in fair area before crossing the goal line is deemed a double.
As at Coors Field, where there is a yellow line that runs along the top of the fence, the ball must clear this line in order to be considered successful.
In baseball, a home run is defined as a ball that strikes an outfielder in the head on the fly (think Jose Canseco) and bounces over the fence.
MLB Home Runs League Totals
Have you ever wondered which league has the highest number of home runs per season? This is a complete analysis of both leagues, showing the amount of home runs hit in each league as well as a total for the major leagues for every season in the history of baseball. Baseball Almanac conducted the research. “My mind cannot comprehend how Babe Ruth was a greater player than Willie Mays. I cannot believe it. Ruth is to baseball what Arnold Palmer is to golf in terms of popularity. He got the ball rolling in the game.
After hitting fifty-four home runs in a single season with the New York Yankees in 1961, Mickey Mantle established a new single-season record most home runs hit by a switch hitter.
You may not be aware that Frank Robinson is the only member of the 500 Home Run Club who has amassed more regular season victories as a manager than he has amassed in his professional baseball career.
The Home Run Surge
This page provides links to the findings of the Home Run Committee, which was established by Major League Baseball to investigate the reasons of the home run spike that occurred between 2015 and 2017 (Phase I) and 2016 to 2019 (Phase II) (Phase II).
On January 25, 2020, I presented on this topic at the Oscar Charleston Chapter of SABR (Indianapolis). The powerpoint slides from that presentation are available at this link: At the conclusion of this document, you will find links to some of the other people who have done work on this issue.
Yearly home runs per batted ball during the period 2000-2019 along with a smooth trendline.
Home Run Rates in Major League Baseball: Report of the Committee Studying Home Run Rates in Major League Baseball, Phase I, 2015-2017 Click here to access the report of the committee, which was charged by the Office of Baseball’s Commissioner with identifying the factors that contributed to the increase in home run rates during the 2015, 2016, and 2017 seasons. However, although the report is extensive, the most important findings and suggestions are presented on the first few pages, which also provide a list of the committee members and a small biographical biography for each of them.
- The rise in home runs was almost completely due to a change in the aerodynamic qualities of the ball (lower air drag), which means that the ball travels longer for a given set of launch parameters (exit velocity, launch angle, and so on), resulting in more home runs. In the end, it was established that the spike in home runs was not caused by changes in the launch circumstances. Through the use of a variety of techniques, including both statistical analysis and laboratory experiments, it was also discovered that, in any given year, the variation in baseball drag from ball to ball is significantly greater than the relatively small variation in average baseball drag from year to year that accounts for the increase in home runs. Final results showed that neither the significant changes in the drag from year to year nor the significant variation in the drag between balls could be linked to any specific property of the ball that could be measured in the laboratory, nor could these factors be explained by any changes in the manufacturing process.
Other sites that may be of interest include:
- Press release from the Major League Baseball
- Key Takeaways from the Major League Baseball Study on HR Rates by Anthony Castrovince, MLB.com
- Full interview on MLB Network on May 25, 2018
Final Report of the Committee Studying Home Run Rates in Major League Baseball for Phase II (2016-2019) A link to the preliminary report (which was issued on December 11, 2019) of the committee charged by the Office of the Commissioner of Baseball with identifying the factors that contributed to the increase in home run rates throughout the 2016-2019 baseball seasons (in pdf format). The report is shorter than the previous year’s report. The approach utilized in this analysis was identical to that used in the previous study, with a number of enhancements.
The second step was the development of improved instrumentation for laboratory testing of large samples of baseballs.
A transcript of the press conference that took place in conjunction with the publication of the report can be viewed by clicking here.
- In contrast to the rise seen between 2015 and 2017, the 2017-2019 changes were caused by the combined impacts of changes in launch circumstances and changes in drag. There were two partially cancelling factors in 2018, which contributed to the shift in home runs: a change in launch circumstances, which would have raised the number of home runs, and an increase in drag. The latter was dominant, resulting in a general reduction in the overall population. The rise in home runs in 2019 was attributed to changes in both launch circumstances, which accounted for 35% of the difference, and a reduction in drag, which accounted for the remaining 65% of the change. There was no evidence discovered to suggest that changes in launch circumstances were caused by any change in the ball, and in particular, a change in the coefficient of friction (COR). The shift in batter behavior, on the other hand, is more likely to be the cause. In the enhanced laboratory studies, it was discovered that a change in seam height is responsible for approximately 35% of the difference in drag between balls. There is currently no clear explanation for the remaining 65 percent of the difference in drag
- However, several factors (such as the thickness of cotton threads) have been ruled out. As was the case in the prior investigation, no modifications in the production process could be attributed to the alterations in the ball.
List of links to further research or opinion that is not complete
- Baseball has been tampered with (Again), Baseball Prospectus, April 5, 2019
- Rob Arthur, Baseball Prospectus, April 5, 2019. Once again, the game of baseball is unlike anything you’ve seen before. An astrophysicist examines this year’s baseballs and deconstructs the changes that have occurred. According to Meredith Wills of The Athletic on June 25, 2019
- Baseball Aerodynamics, the website of Bart Smith, who has done significant work related to the aerodynamics of a baseball, specifically the role of the seams
- The Home Run Committee’s Latest Report Isn’t the Final Word on Juiced Baseballs, a blog by a former Major League Baseball player
- And Baseball Aerodynamics, a blog by a former Major League Baseball player. Jay Jaffe writes in Fangraphs on December 12, 2019 on the future of sports.
Horne’s ‘home run cycle’ has yet to be replicated
There is nothing you can do that cannot be done, as the Beatles sang in “All You Need Is Love”: “There is nothing you can do that cannot be done.” Tyrone Horne, on the other hand, could disagree. The fact that Horne is one of just a handful people to have achieved this feat in baseball’s lengthy history – a sport in which every record is set to be broken – is difficult to comprehend. There is nothing you can do that cannot be done, as the Beatles sang in “All You Need Is Love”: “There is nothing you can do that cannot be done.” Tyrone Horne, on the other hand, could disagree.
- The Arkansas Travelers of the Double-A Texas League defeated San Antonio 13-4 on July 27, 1998, with four home runs by Horne.
- Now, four-homer games are extremely unusual, but they are not unheard of in the baseball world.
- He also hit an RBI single and a solo home run in the fifth, and a three-run home run in the sixth inning.
From his home in Idaho Falls, Horne remembered, “I wasn’t aware that I’d homered for the cycle at first.” “I’d never heard of the term ‘homering for the cycle’ before.” Even though the power display was unexpected, Horne would go on to earn the Texas League MVP award with his hometown Travelers in 1998, who were then a St.
Rather than returning to Little Rock after the game, a still-shocked Horne and his teammates boarded a bus for the 10-hour ride back to Little Rock, where he played in the league’s All-Star Game, winning the Home Run Derby in what he described as “an great couple of days for me.” He relished the attention he received after waking up from his coma.
- “My friends and I are sitting in the stands eating and watching when I notice a man racing around the bases and realize it’s me.
- It was an extremely humbling experience.” When he went home to Arkansas, he received a phone call from the Baseball Hall of Fame, who asked him to deliver their bat to them for preservation.
- “I’d like to make it there at some point.” Horne was in his tenth professional season at the time of the home run cycle, and he was with his sixth franchise.
- He spent his first seven-plus seasons in the Expos organization, hitting.285 during that time before being traded to the New York Yankees midway through the 1995 season in exchange for infielder Dave Silvestri.
- His career would eventually take him back to the Philadelphia Phillies and New York Yankees, as well as to Korea and the independent Atlantic League, before a ruptured disc in his neck forced him to retire at the age of 31 following the 2000 season.
- For several months, he was essentially immobile, and he was unable to consume solid food for several weeks.
- He enrolled in college when he was 31 years old.
Horne also described May 13 as “the proudest day of his life,” despite the fact that he is obviously pleased with his position in baseball history.
“I made it a point to prioritize education first, followed by athletics,” he explained.
So, despite his low draft position and modest signing bonus, he elected to go down that road in 1989, with his mother’s support.
She, on the other hand, constantly encouraged me to pursue my interests.
Early on, he changed his major from health care management to physical education with a minor in coaching, and he hasn’t looked back.
“Kinesiology, sports management, and the history of sports were some of my favorite subjects,” says the student.
And over those four years, he didn’t take a single day off.
“I’d finish my schoolwork during my lunch break at work.” “Every now and then, my wife would wake up and find me sleeping at the dinner table.” His wife Sarah, their four-month-old baby Aiyanna, and his stepdaughter Tayshia, age six, share their home with Horne and his family.
And while he enjoys having his house full of ladies, there isn’t a day that goes by that he doesn’t long for baseball.
“There were times when I really wanted to strap on a helmet and go up there myself,” he said.
I didn’t end in the manner in which I had hoped.
I attempted to play softball, but it’s simply not the same as baseball for me.
What I miss the most about baseball are my pals; the guys that hang around in the locker room and chat about baseball.” With the stats that Horne has put up, it’s astonishing that he can look back on a twelve years in the game – without ever having had the proverbial cup of coffee in the major leagues – and not have any ill will against the game.
According to him, “my mother always taught me that if it wasn’t meant to be, it wasn’t meant to be.” “It was a lot of pleasure for me to play baseball for those 12 years, and I guess it wasn’t God’s plan for me to play in the Major Leagues after all.” Horne, on the other hand, is still employed with Thrifty Car Rental now that he has completed his studies.
He’s using his newly discovered leisure time putting together applications to send out to potential employers in the hopes of getting back into the game.
“That is something I will always have.
“It is possible for someone to release you or cut you, but that is something that no one will ever be able to take away from me.
After all, as the Beatles once said, “Love is all you need.” And that is certainly true. Lisa Winston writes for MiLB.com as a contributor.
When a ball off the wall is really a home run.
Play1 Following a review, Kipnis’ home run is upgraded to a triple. On Friday, June 21, 2019, the Tigers and the Indians met in Cleveland for a baseball game. In the bottom of the eighth inning, the Indians had a runner on first base and no outs when Jason Kipnis hit a ball that was first declared a home run by second base umpire Adrian Johnson, but was overturned by the replay official. However, the decision was overturned after Tigers manager Ron Gardenhire filed a formal complaint. There was some speculation that the ball struck the yellow padding on top of the wall and bounced back into the playing field, where Tigers center fielder Jacoby Jones made a superb recovery of the ball and shot it towards the middle of the infield for a hit.
- It was decided that Jose Ramirez, the runner on first, would be allowed to score, and that Kipnis would be granted third base.
- “Another home run” On June 19, 2019, the Padres played host to the Braves.
- Despite the fact that it caromed off the top of the wall, the ball found a crease between two distinct cushioned pieces of the wall and bounced back onto the playing surface.
- Tatis drove in a run from third base, and Machado sailed into second base.
- It is assumed by Eric Hosmer that Machado’s hit missed the yard and was easily caught at third base.
- Shaw called Hosmer out on the field.
- In right field, the ball would have been considered a home run if it had landed between the two padded pieces of the fence.
- A home run is defined as a ball that clears the fence, while a strike is defined as a ball that does not clear the fence – regardless of where area of the wall it strikes.
- We didn’t have a good day today because of the weather.
Interpretation by a professional The treatment of a fair ball that strikes the top of the outfield wall and bounces back into the playing field is the same as that of a fair fly ball that strikes the top of the outfield wall and bounces back onto the playing field, unless differently specified by a local ground rule.
This is exactly what happened in the plays mentioned above.
1, Ramirez stayed with the pitch and pushed himself all the way through.
The Tigers’ coaching staff, on the other hand, was taken aback by the fact that Kipnis was also granted three bases.
“Can you tell me why he should be sent to third base?” Is it conceivable that the runner’s actions were influenced by the inaccurate home run signal given by the umpire?
Nothing can prevent this from happening at any time.
In Play No.
The umpires did not issue any signals that would have caused the runners to slow down, and it would be the runners’ and base coaches’ job to play the game in its entirety.
Do you think the runners, particularly Hosmer, were aware of the ground regulations in their own park, as well as the wall restrictions that are presently under discussion?
- Unless specifically specified by a local ground rule, a fair fly ball that hits the top of the outfield wall and bounces over the fence is considered a home run. In the absence of a specific provision in a local ground rule, a fair fly ball that strikes the top of the outfield wall and remains on top of the wall is considered a ground-rule double until it is reached by the outfielder, who can then play the ball. The umpire determines whether a fair ball that strikes the top of the outfield wall would have bounded over the wall had it not been for the permitted action of a fan constitutes a home run unless otherwise provided by a local ground rule. Home runs will be awarded for a fair fly ball that lands on the top of the outfield wall and is picked up by an onlooker while still in motion. Ground-rule doubles are awarded when a fair fly ball falls on the top of an outfield wall and is scooped up by a spectator after coming to rest on the wall. Any hit ball that strikes the outfield wall’s face or the top of the outfield wall should be considered as a ball in play by runners and outfielders.
Note to Coaches: Runners, fielders, and base coaches should never take a home run or ground-rule double for granted. Instruct your teammates to run as hard as they possibly can till the play is over. Among those who have hired Rich Marazzi as a rules consultant are the Blue Jays, Brewers, Cardinals, D’backs, Dodgers, Mariners, Orioles, Phillies, Pirates, Rangers, Rays, Red Sox, Royals, Tigers, Twins, Yankees, FOX Regional Sports Networks, ESPN, the White Sox TV announcers, and WFAN radio station in New York.