## Total bases – Wikipedia

Total bases are the amount of bases a player has acquired as a result of his or her hits in baseball statistics. It is a weighted total in which the weight value for a single is 1, a double is 2, a triple is 3, and a home run is 4. Example: Three singles equal three total bases; a double plus a home run equal six total bases; three triples equal nine total bases Only bases gained as a result of hits are included toward this total. It is not possible to raise a player’s total number of bases by reaching base by other methods (for example, by reaching base on balls) or by moving forward after the hit (for example, by getting a hit from a subsequent hitter).

The slugging percentage of a player is calculated by dividing the total number of bases scored by the total number of at bats.

## Records

Both Hank Aaron (left) and Babe Ruth (right) maintain the Major League Baseball records for total bases in a career and in a single season, with 6,856 and 457 runs respectively. Hank Aaron holds the all-time Major League Baseball record for total bases with 6,856 in his career. Because he has spent the most of his professional baseball career in the National League, he also owns the record for most total bases in that league with 6,591. Aaron has a total of 300 or more total bases in 15 separate seasons, which is a record.

- In the American League, Ty Cobb’s total of 5,854 bases is the all-time high.
- Babe Ruth holds the single-season MLB and American League hits marks with 457 total bases in the 1921 season.
- In a single game, Shawn Green had 19 total bases, which is a single-game record.
- Josh Hamilton of the Texas Rangers set the American League record most home runs and doubles in a game against the Baltimore Orioles on May 8, 2012, when he hit four home missiles and added a double (18 total bases).
- During a game against the Colorado Rockies at Coors Field on June 24, 2010, Pedroia went 3-for-3 with three home runs, one single, and a double for the Boston Red Sox.
- As a result of their 60 total bases, the Red Sox set the record for the most total bases scored by a club in a single game on June 8, 1950, when they defeated the St.
- Among big league pitchers, Phil Niekrog surrendered the most total bases in a lifetime (7,473), while Robin Roberts (555 total bases surrendered in 19556) set the single-season record with 555 total bases surrendered.

Allan Travers of the Detroit Tigers holds the record for the most total bases allowed by a single pitcher in a single game with 42, set in 1989.

### Postseason

In a postseason game, two players have combined to bat for a total of 14 bases. This feat has only been accomplished once in the World Series, by Albert Pujols of the St. Louis Cardinals in Game 3 of the 2011 World Series, when he hit two singles and three home runs in a single at-bat. Robertson accomplished the same feat when playing for the Pittsburgh Pirates in Game 2 of the 1971 National League Championship Series, hitting a double and three home runs in the process, according to Baseball Reference.

Louis Cardinals, but Derek Jeter has the lifetime postseason record with 302 total bases, which he has amassed throughout his time with the New York Yankees.

The Atlanta Braves collected 34 total bases in Game 5 of the 1991 World Series, defeating the Minnesota Twins by a score of 14–5.

### All-Star Games

While representing the American League in the 1946 edition of the All-Star Game, Ted Williams hit for a record 10 total bases (two singles and two home runs), setting a new record. There have been a total of 52 total bases scored in a single All-Star Game, the most recent being the 1954 edition, when the American League had 29 players and the National League had 23. The American League has amassed the most total bases by a single team in an All-Star Game twice, in 1954 and 1992, when they defeated the National League.

## References

- Team Batting Game Finder: From 1988 to 2018, playing for SFG, (requiring TB =40), ranked by highest total base hit (TB)
- “Giants 13, Braves 4”. Baseball Reference. Retrieved August 24, 2018. “Career LeadersRecords for Total Bases”. Baseball Reference. RetrievedJuly 8,2018
- “Batting SeasonCareer Finder: Spanning Multiple Seasons or entire Careers, Playing in the National League, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB =5500), sorted by greatest Total Bases”. Baseball Reference. RetrievedJuly 8,2018
- “Batting SeasonCareer Finder: For Single Seasons, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB =300), Lonnie Wheeler and Henry Aaron are two of the most well-known names in the world of sports (2014). I had a hammer at my disposal (2 ed.). On page 202 of Harper-Collins’ book, “Batting SeasonCareer Finder: Spanning Multiple Seasons or entire Careers, Playing in the American League, From 1871 to 2018, (requiring TB =5500), sorted by greatest Total Bases”, Baseball Reference. RetrievedJuly 8,2018
- “Active LeadersRecords for Total Bases”. Baseball-Reference.com. RetrievedApril 16,2020
- “Career LeadersRecords for Total Bases Baseball for Statheads. From 1871 to 2018, (requires TB =6000), Stats only available back to 1908 and some incomplete., sorted by greatest Total Bases”. Baseball Reference. RetrievedJuly 9,2018
- “Team Batting Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, (require TB =50), sorted by greatest Total Bases”. Baseball Reference. RetrievedJuly 9,2018
- “Pitching SeasonCareer Finder: For Single Seasons, From 1871 to 2018, (require “Pittsburgh Pirates 9, San Francisco Giants 4” was the result of the game on April 16, 2020. Retrosheet from the 3rd of October, 1971. The American League defeated the National League 2-0 on April 16, 2020. “All-Time and Single-Season Postseason Batting Leaders”. Baseball Reference. RetrievedAugust 27, 2018
- “Team Batting Game Finder: In the Postseason, From 1903 to 2017, (requiring TB =32), sorted by greatest TB”. Baseball Reference. RetrievedJuly 9, 2018
- “Team Batting Game Finder: In the All-Star Game, From 1933 to 2017, (requiring TB =8), sorted by

## External links

Total bases (TB) are the number of bases a player has acquired as a result of hits in baseball statistics. It is a weighted total in which the weight value for a single is 1, a double is 2, a triple is 3, and a home run is 4. Only bases gained as a result of hits are included toward this total. It is not possible to raise a player’s total number of bases by reaching base by other methods (for example, by reaching base on balls) or by moving forward after the hit (for example, by getting a hit from a subsequent hitter).

Hank Aaron has 6,856 total bases in his career, making him the all-time leader.

## Key

Rank | Rank amongst leaders in career total bases. A blank field indicates a tie. |

Player (2021 TBs) | Number of total bases during the2021 Major League Baseball season |

TB | Total career total bases |

* | Denotes elected toNational Baseball Hall of Fame. |
---|---|

Bold | Denotes active player. |

## List

Albert Pujols, the active leader in career total bases and the fourth-best player in baseball history,

Rank | Player (2021 TBs) | TB |
---|---|---|

1 | Hank Aaron* | 6,856 |

2 | Stan Musial* | 6,134 |

3 | Willie Mays* | 6,080 |

4 | Albert Pujols(119) | 6,042 |

5 | Barry Bonds | 5,976 |

6 | Ty Cobb* | 5,854 |

7 | Alex Rodriguez | 5,813 |

8 | Babe Ruth* | 5,793 |

9 | Pete Rose | 5,752 |

10 | Carl Yastrzemski* | 5,539 |

11 | Eddie Murray* | 5,397 |

12 | Rafael Palmeiro | 5,388 |

13 | Frank Robinson* | 5,373 |

14 | Adrián Beltré | 5,309 |

15 | Ken Griffey, Jr.* | 5,271 |

16 | Dave Winfield* | 5,221 |

17 | Cal Ripken, Jr.* | 5,168 |

18 | Miguel Cabrera(182) | 5,124 |

19 | Tris Speaker* | 5,101 |

20 | Lou Gehrig* | 5,060 |

21 | George Brett* | 5,044 |

22 | Mel Ott* | 5,041 |

23 | Jimmie Foxx* | 4,956 |

24 | Derek Jeter* | 4,921 |

25 | Ted Williams* | 4,884 |

26 | Honus Wagner* | 4,870 |

27 | Paul Molitor* | 4,854 |

28 | Al Kaline* | 4,852 |

29 | Reggie Jackson* | 4,834 |

30 | Manny Ramírez | 4,826 |

31 | Andre Dawson* | 4,787 |

32 | David Ortiz* | 4,765 |

33 | Chipper Jones* | 4,755 |

34 | Carlos Beltrán | 4,751 |

35 | Gary Sheffield | 4,737 |

36 | Robin Yount* | 4,730 |

37 | Rogers Hornsby* | 4,712 |

38 | Craig Biggio* | 4,711 |

39 | Ernie Banks* | 4,706 |

40 | Sammy Sosa | 4,704 |

41 | Al Simmons* | 4,685 |

42 | Jim Thome* | 4,667 |

43 | Harold Baines* | 4,604 |

44 | Billy Williams* | 4,599 |

45 | Cap Anson* | 4,592 |

46 | Rickey Henderson* | 4,588 |

47 | Frank Thomas* | 4,550 |

48 | Tony Pérez* | 4,532 |

49 | Mickey Mantle* | 4,511 |

50 | Vladimir Guerrero* | 4,506 |

Rank | Player (2021 TBs) | TB |
---|---|---|

51 | Roberto Clemente* | 4,492 |

52 | Paul Waner* | 4,478 |

53 | Nap Lajoie* | 4,472 |

54 | Fred McGriff | 4,458 |

55 | Iván Rodríguez* | 4,451 |

56 | Dave Parker | 4,405 |

57 | Mike Schmidt* | 4,404 |

58 | Luis Gonzalez | 4,385 |

59 | Eddie Mathews* | 4,349 |

60 | Sam Crawford* | 4,328 |

61 | Goose Goslin* | 4,325 |

62 | Todd Helton | 4,292 |

63 | Brooks Robinson* | 4,270 |

64 | Eddie Collins* | 4,268 |

65 | Vada Pinson | 4,264 |

66 | Robinson Cano(0) | 4,263 |

67 | Tony Gwynn* | 4,259 |

68 | Charlie Gehringer* | 4,257 |

69 | Jeff Kent | 4,246 |

70 | Lou Brock* | 4,238 |

71 | Dwight Evans | 4,230 |

72 | Willie McCovey* | 4,219 |

73 | Johnny Damon | 4,214 |

74 | Jeff Bagwell* | 4,213 |

75 | Willie Stargell* | 4,190 |

76 | Rusty Staub | 4,185 |

77 | Jake Beckley* | 4,160 |

78 | Steve Finley | 4,157 |

79 | Harmon Killebrew* | 4,143 |

80 | Jim Rice* | 4,129 |

81 | Zack Wheat* | 4,100 |

82 | Torii Hunter | 4,087 |

83 | Paul Konerko | 4,083 |

Al Oliver | 4,083 | |

85 | Wade Boggs* | 4,064 |

86 | Harry Heilmann* | 4,053 |

87 | Andrés Galarraga | 4,038 |

88 | Bobby Abreu | 4,026 |

89 | Roberto Alomar* | 4,018 |

90 | Aramis Ramírez | 4,004 |

91 | Carlton Fisk* | 3,999 |

92 | Rod Carew* | 3,998 |

93 | Ichiro Suzuki | 3,994 |

94 | Garret Anderson | 3,984 |

95 | Carlos Delgado | 3,976 |

96 | Joe Morgan* | 3,962 |

97 | Orlando Cepeda* | 3,959 |

98 | Sam Rice* | 3,955 |

99 | Joe DiMaggio* | 3,948 |

100 | Steve Garvey | 3,941 |

## Notes

- Inactive players include those who have declared their retirement or who have not participated in a complete season of competition

## External links

- Record holders in the field of baseball (Baseball Reference – Career Leaders)

## Total bases

When it comes to baseball statistics, total bases refers to the amount of bases a player has acquired through hits, which is the sum of his or her hits weighted by 1 for a single, 2 for a double, 3 for a triple, and 4 for a home run. Total bases are calculated as follows: For the purposes of this total, only bases gained through hits are considered.

With the help of the formula, it is possible to compute total bases from regularly used baseball statistics. Singles (1B) may be expressed as, which, when paired with the TB formula provided, enables for the simplified formula listed at the top of the page to be calculated.

## Leaders

All-Time Total Bases Leaders(through games ofSeptember 30, 2008) Active players inbold. | ||

Rank | Player Name | Total Bases |

1 | Hank Aaron | 6,856 |

2 | Stan Musial | 6,134 |

3 | Willie Mays | 6,066 |

4 | Barry Bonds | 5,976 |

5 | Ty Cobb | 5,854 |

6 | Babe Ruth | 5,793 |

7 | Pete Rose | 5,752 |

8 | Carl Yastrzemski | 5,539 |

9 | Eddie Murray | 5,397 |

10 | Rafael Palmeiro | 5,388 |

11 | Frank Robinson | 5,373 |

12 | Dave Winfield | 5,221 |

13 | Cal Ripken, Jr. | 5,168 |

14 | Tris Speaker | 5,101 |

15 | Ken Griffey, Jr. | 5,092 |

16 | Lou Gehrig | 5,060 |

17 | George Brett | 5,044 |

18 | Mel Ott | 5,041 |

19 | Jimmie Foxx | 4,956 |

20 | Ted Williams | 4,884 |

21 | Honus Wagner | 4,862 |

22 | Paul Molitor | 4,854 |

23 | Al Kaline | 4,852 |

24 | Reggie Jackson | 4,834 |

25 | Andre Dawson | 4,787 |

26 | Robin Yount | 4,730 |

27 | Rogers Hornsby | 4,712 |

28 | Craig Biggio | 4,711 |

29 | Ernie Banks | 4,706 |

30 | Sammy Sosa | 4,704 |

31 | Al Simmons | 4,685 |

32 | Gary Sheffield | 4,616 |

33 | Harold Baines | 4,604 |

34 | Billy Williams | 4,599 |

35 | Rickey Henderson | 4,588 |

36 | Cap Anson | 4,574 |

37 | Frank Thomas | 4,550 |

38 | Alex Rodriguez | 4,543 |

39 | Tony Perez | 4,532 |

40 | Manny Ramírez | 4,516 |

41 | Mickey Mantle | 4,511 |

42 | Roberto Clemente | 4,492 |

43 | Paul Waner | 4,478 |

44 | Nap Lajoie | 4,474 |

45 | Fred McGriff | 4,458 |

46 | Dave Parker | 4,405 |

47 | Mike Schmidt | 4,404 |

48 | Luis Gonzalez | 4,385 |

49 | Eddie Mathews | 4,349 |

50 | Sam Crawford | 4,328 |

51 | Goose Goslin | 4,325 |

52 | Brooks Robinson | 4,270 |

53 | Eddie Collins | 4,268 |

54 | Vada Pinson | 4,264 |

55 | Tony Gwynn | 4,259 |

56 | Charlie Gehringer | 4,257 |

57 | Jeff Kent | 4,246 |

58 | Lou Brock | 4,238 |

59 | Darrell Evans | 4,230 |

60 | Willie McCovey | 4,219 |

61 | Jeff Bagwell | 4,213 |

62 | Willie Stargell | 4,190 |

63 | Rusty Staub | 4,185 |

64 | Steve Finley | 4,157 |

65 | Jake Beckley | 4,150 |

66 | Harmon Killebrew | 4,143 |

67 | Jim Rice | 4,129 |

68 | Jim Thome | 4,116 |

69 | Iván Rodríguez | 4,110 |

70 | Zach Wheat | 4,100 |

71 | Al Oliver | 4,083 |

72 | Wade Boggs | 4,064 |

73 | Harry Heilmann | 4,053 |

74 | Andrés Galarraga | 4,038 |

75 | Chipper Jones | 4,020 |

76 | Roberto Alomar | 4,018 |

## Closest active players to 4,000 Total bases

- Baseball statistics
- List of the top 500 Major League Baseball home run hitters
- List of the top 500 Major League Baseball home run hitters The following is a list of all-time home run leaders throughout history. Home run champions in Major League Baseball are listed below. The 500-home-run club Baseball players who have 3000 hits and 500 home runs in Major League Baseball are listed below. List of Major League Baseball players who have 3000 hits and 300 home runs
- MLB players who have 2,000 hits
- MLB players who have 400 doubles
- MLB players who have 100 triples
- MLB players who have 1,000 runs
- MLB players who have 1,000 RBI
- MLB players who have 300 stolen bases
- MLB players who have 3000 hits and 300 home runs
- MLB players who have 100 triples a ranking of the top 100 MLB players in terms of base on balls (walks)
- Top 15 in strikeouts, as well as a list of active Major League Baseball players who rank in the Top 50
- The following is a list of Major League Baseball players with a batting average of.325 or higher: List of Major League Baseball players who have an on-base percentage of.400 or higher
- The following is a list of Major League Baseball players who have a slugging percentage of.500 or higher: List of Major League Baseball players with an on-base plus slugging percentage of.900 or higher: a list of Major League Baseball’s all-time leaders in games started and finished
- A list of Major League Baseball’s all-time leaders in career wins
- The 300-win club
- The top 100 Major League Baseball strikeout pitchers
- The 3000 strikeout club
- A list of the 300-save club and the Blown saves
- And a list of the 300-save club and the Blown saves. List of the most successful saves in Major League Baseball history

### Other

- Baseball.reference.com – Career LeadersRecords for Total Bases
- ESPN’s MLB Statistics Glossary
- Baseball.reference.com – Career LeadersRecords for Total Bases

## Total Bases (TB) (Baseball) – Captain Calculator

TBis the total number of bases a hitter has amassed while at the plate. There are no complicated calculations involved; each base hit has the same weight as the previous one – a single base hit adds one to the total, a double base hit adds three to the total, and so on. However, it does not take into consideration bases acquired in other methods (such as walks or hit by pitch).

## Formula – How to calculateTB

TB = 1 base hit plus (2 x 2 base hits) + (3 x 3 base hits) + (4 x 4 base hits) + (4 x home runs)

## Example

If a hitter has 75 one-base hits, 38 two-base hits, 7 three-base hits, and 13 home runs, then the following is true: TB = 75 + (38 x 2) + (7 x 3) + (38 x 2) + (38 x 3) (13 x 4) A total of 224TB is equal to 75 + 76 + 21 + 52TB. This hitter has amassed 224 bases on hits over his career.

## Sources and more resources

- Wikipedia –List of Major League Baseball players who have amassed a total of 4,000 base hits
- Baseball-reference.com –all-time career leaders and all-time records in total bases
- Baseball rules and baseball statistics from Major League Baseball, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (Baseball), the National Collegiate Athletic Association (Softball), the National Collegiate Athletic Association (Baseball and Softball), the National Federation of High Schools (NFHS), and the International Baseball Federation

## Offensive Baseball Stats Glossary

Since the late 1800s, measuring offense has been one of the most widely used sets of statistics, with batting averages appearing in newspapers as far back as the late 1800s. The formulae, explanations, and statistics that follow will give you with an overview of the most popular and less common elements that are currently utilized to quantify offense.

## Offensive Stats 101

Formulas / Definitions / ExamplesAdjusted Production |

(On Base Percentage divided by League OBP) + (Slugging Average divided by League SA) -1The adjusted production statistic is a park and league adjusted version of on base plus slugging percentage. It is specifically used and created by Total Baseball for comparison of players from different eras in different parks. This is an advanced statistic which requires the complete understanding of on base percentage, slugging average and a park adjustment factor. Total Baseball has adjusted OBP and SA for the player’s home park and League OBP and League SA are the league average for each statistic respectively. As in OPS, the decimal point is dropped when APRO in seen or used. |

Batting Average or |

Number of Hits (divided by) Number of At BatsEasily the most common statistic in baseball and the most understood – even outside of the game. It has been historically used as the benchmark for hitters since the late 1800’s making it historically rich, easy to understand, easy to compute and almost everyone knows what a.300 hitter is. One of the only disadvantages is the batting average statistic does not take into account walks or extra-base hits. |

Base On Balls Percentage |

Number of Total Walks (divided by) Number of Plate AppearancesAnother common statistic in baseball and also quite easy to understand and easy to compute. The primary purpose for this offensive measurement is to gauge the percentage of a batter’s appearance at the plate that directly result in the player being walked. Newer than batting average but nice to use and understand for determining hitters that are “perhaps” more respected or simply have a better “eye.” |

Home Run Ratio |

Number of Home Runs Hit (divided by) Number of At BatsAnother common statistic in baseball and also quite easy to understand and easy to compute. The primary purpose for this offensive measurement is to gauge the percentage of a batter’s at bats that directly result in the player hitting a home run. Newer than batting average but nice to use and understand for determining hitters that are more apt to hit home runs more often than others. |

Isolated Power |

Total Bases – Hits (divided by) At BatsIsolated Power, or extra-bases per at bats, was also invented by Branch Rickey and All Roth during the 1950’s. On Base Percentage measured for the manager how often a player reaches base while the isolated power showed them how often those bases reached were extra base hits – beyond a single. The total bases here was calculated by awarding 0 for a single, 1 for a double, 2 for a triple and 3 for a home run. |

Major League Equivalency |

Secret FormulaThis is a “secret” formula used and developed exclusive by Bill James of STATS, Inc. which is used to determine what a Minor League player would have hit had he been a player in the Major Leagues. It is not used as a tool for future predictions but rather determines the player’s level of performance in the past and adjusts for the difficulty level in the big leagues to estimate performance on a current Major League roster. |

On Base Percentage |

(Hits + Walks + Hit-By-Pitch) divided by (At Bats + Walks+ Hit-By-Pitch + Sac Flys)The On Base Percentage statistic was originally created by Branch Rickey and Allan Roth in the 1950’s as a means to measure the percentage of times a player reaches any base. It did not originally include the sacrifice fly denomination but when it was officially adapted in 1984 it appeared using the formula written above. It is easily one of the most important statistics and it is specifically written with managers in mind. |

On Base Plus Slugging |

On Base Percentage + Slugging AverageThis is not a true statistic by definition but it is often used as an index for rating an overall player’s performance and production versus his fellow players. The formula above requires the use and understanding of two others, also on this page, and when seen in text appears without the decimal point. |

Plate Appearances |

At-Bats + Bases on Balls + Hit By Pitcher + Sacrifice Hits + Sacrifice Flies + Times Reached on Defensive InterferencePlate appearances have long sparked controversy as it is a factor used to determine the yearly batting champion. Currently, 3.1 plate appearances per game are required for batting title eligibility. |

Runs Created |

On Base Percentage x Total BasesThis statistic was originally created by Bill James to measure a player’s total offensive production. By combining the two statistical (OBP and TB which are listed on this page) results you can determine that desired production. Bill James describes it by saying scoring runs consists of two actions: First – getting on base or creating baserunners (which is on base percentage) and Second – the advancing of those runners around the bases (which is total bases). A superb stat that creates a great index for offensive ratings. |

Runs Created Per 25 |

Runs Created (divided by) Number of Outs x 25This statistic was also created by Bill James and uses the results of the runs created formula listed above. You then divide by the number of outs the player actually made and multiply it by 25. The figure is an estimate of how many runs a team made of |

Slugging Average |

Number of (Singles +++) divided by At BatsA players Slugging Average, or Slugging Percentage, is directly defined as total bases per at-bat. To calculate a player’s total bases you award a 1 for a single, a 2 for a double, a 3 for a triple, and a 4 for a home run then add them all together. Divide that by the total number of at bats a player has and you can easily determine the overall number of bases a player generally touches during his at bats. |

Strikeout Ratio |

Number of Strikeouts (divided by) Number of At BatsAnother common statistic in baseball and also quite easy to understand and easy to compute. The primary purpose for this offensive measurement is to gauge the percentage of a batter’s at bats that directly result in the player striking out. Not one of the nicest hitting statistics to lead the league in each year. |

Stolen Base Percentage |

Number of Successful Stolen Bases (divided by) Number of Stolen Base AttemptsAnother common statistic in baseball and also quite easy to understand and easy to compute. The primary purpose for this offensive measurement is to gauge the percentage of a base runners attempted steals that directly result in the player successfully stealing the base. |

Stolen Base Runs |

(.3 x Stolen Bases) – (.6 x Caught Stealing)This is another very goodTotal Baseballstatistic aimed at quantifying base-stealing. Numerous statistical studies done byTotal Baseballhave shown that the break even success rate for steals (the rate at which an attempt to steal is neither helping nor hurting the team in terms of total runs scored) is about 67%. Each successful steal adds approximately.3 runs to a team’s total runs scored which is much less than often believed. Therefore, the statistic is meant to estimate the impact of base-stealers, which, other than the elite base-stealers, rarely amounts to more than a few runs per year for each team. |

Total Base Percentage |

(Hits + Walks + Hit-By-Pitch) divided by (At Bats + Walks+ Hit-By-Pitch)This statistic is no longer used as a newer / improved version was adopted in 1984 byMajor League Baseballand listed above – See On Base Percentage. This worked the in the same respect however it failed to account for a player’s sacrifice flys hit during a game. |

Total Bases |

Number of (Singles +++)When calculating batting average, every hit simply counts as one. Total bases places a “weight” on each base hit and according toThe Baseball Dictionary”computes his worth as a batter.” |

Offensive Stats 101 |

You may not have known that the first time the batting average statistic appeared in print was during the 1874 season, two years before the debut season of the National League. The majority of baseball fans are aware that Babe Ruth has the greatest lifetime slugging average, but do you know who comes in second (click here for the top one-hundred players)? Branch Rickey and Allen Roth (a statistician with the Brooklyn Dodgers in the early 1950s) came up with the formula for on-base percentage when they were working together.

## Baseball Abbreviations

Tony Gwynn had another outstanding season in 1997, with 592 at-bats and 220 strikeouts, and an avg of.372, which was the best in the National League. Which of these abbreviations do all of these letters stand for? The Baseball Almanac is glad to give a standard collection of acronyms that are seen and used in print on a regular basis in the sport of baseball.

## Baseball Stats

Baseball Abbreviations 101Offensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ABBBAVGCS2BGIDP GRSLHBPHHRRHRIBBISO LOB OBPOPSRRBISFSHSSLGSB%SBRSBSOTB3B | At BatsBases on Balls (Walks)Batting AverageCaught StealingDoublesGround into Double Plays Grand SlamsHit by PitchHitsHome Run RatioHome RunsIntentionalBasesonBalls(Walks)Isolated Power Left on Base On-Base PercentageOn-Base Plus SluggingRunsRuns Batted InSacrifice FliesSacrifice Hits (Bunts)SinglesSlugging PercentageStolen Base PercentageStolen Base RunsStolen BasesStrikeoutsTotal BasesTriples |

Pitching Abbreviations for Statistics | |

AOBB BFPBKCBOCGCGLERERAGFGOGOAOGPGSHHBPHRIBBIPIRAIPSLMB9OBAPARRPFRWS/SHOSOSVSVOTBWWP | Fly Outs (Air)Walks (Bases on Balls) Batters Facing PitcherBalksCombined ShutoutComplete GamesComplete Game LossesEarned RunsEarned Run AverageGames FinishedGround OutsGround Outs / Fly Outs RatioGames PlayedGames StartedHitsHit BattersHome RunsIntentional WalksInnings PitchedInherited Runs AllowedInnings Per StartLossesBaserunners Per 9 InningsOpponents’ Batting AveragePlate AppearancesRunsRelief FailuresRelief WinsShutoutsStrikeoutsSavesSave OpportunitiesTotal BasesWinsWild Pitches |

Defensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ACSDPEGPOFAPBPKPOSBTCTP | AssistsCaught StealingDouble PlaysErrorsGames PlayedOutfield AssistsPassed BallsPickoffsPutoutsStolen Bases Total ChancesTriple Plays |

Miscellaneous Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ML SER | Major League Service |

Baseball Stats Abbreviations 101 |

The “common” set has several variations (DO Doubles, TR Triples, etc.), but these are the ones that are regarded “official” and are the ones that are used here at Baseball Almanac, among other places. Did you know that the National Association (a non-official league that gave rise to the National Leagueofficial )’s statistics were destroyed in a fire in the early 1900’s? Major League Baseball organized a Special Baseball Records Committee in the 1960s to examine the irregular records that had been kept previous to the 1920 season.

## CEB Abbreviations

ANALYSIS STATISTICS | |

Avg against left-handed pitchers | |

Avg against right-handed pitchers | |

Avg whenleading off an inning | |

Avg whenbatting with 2 outs | |

Avg whenbatting with runners on base | |

Avg whenbatting with bases empty | |

Avg whenbatting with runners on 2nd or 3rd base | |

Number of groundouts (includes SACs, but not errors) | |

Number of fly outs(incudes SFs, but not errors) | |

Fly outs to groundouts ratio | |

Avg as pinch hitter | |

with runners in scoring pos | Avg whenbatting with runners in scoring positions |

w/rnr on 3rd and LT 2 outs | Avg whenbatting with runner on third base and less than 2 outs |

Avg whenbatting with 2 outs | |

Runs batted in with 2 outs | |

Success advancing runners | |

Number of timesbatter made an out and advanced at least 1 runner | |

Number of runnersleft on base by last batter of inning | |

Reach first base on error | |

Reach first base on fielder’s choice | |

Strikeouts look |

## STATS Hosted Solution

Definitions of Baseball Terms % Inherited Scored A Relief Pitching statistic indicating the percentage of runners on base at the time a relief pitcher enters a game that he allows to score. 1st Batter OBP The On-Base Percentage allowed by a relief pitcher to the first batter he faces in a game. Active Career Batting Leaders Minimum of 1,000 At Bats required for Batting Average, On-Base Percentage, Slugging Percentage, At Bats Per HR, At Bats Per GDP, At Bats Per RBI, and K/BB Ratio.One hundred (100) Stolen Base Attempts required for Stolen Base Success %.

Two hundred fifty (250) Games Started required for Complete Game Frequency.

Any player who appeared in 1995 is eligible for inclusion provided he meets the category’s minimum requirements. BA ScPos Allowed Batting Average Allowed with Runners in Scoring Position. Baserunners per Nine Innings These are the hits, walks and hit batsmen allowed per nine innings. Bases Loaded This category shows a player’s batting average in bases loaded situation. Batting Average Hits divided by At Bats. Bequeathed Runners Any runner(s) on base when a pitcher leaves a game are considered bequeathed to the departing hurler; the opposite of inherited runners (see below). Blown Saves This is charged any time a pitcher comes into a game where a save situation is in place and he loses the lead. Catcher’s ERA The Earned Run Average of a club’s pitchers with a particular catcher behind the plate.

To figure this for a catcher, multiply the Earned Runs Allowed by the pitchers while he was catching times nine and divide that by his number of Innings Caught. Cheap Wins/Tough Losses/Top Game Scores First determine the starting pitcher’s Game Score as follows:

- Start with a number of 50
- The starting pitcher gets one point for every strikeout he records
- After the fourth inning, add 2 points for each additional inning the pitcher goes on to complete. For each strikeout, add one point to your total. For each hit that is permitted, deduct two points. For each earned run that is permitted, subtract 4 points. Add 2 points to account for an unearned run. For each stroll, deduct one point from your total.

If the starting pitcher scores over 50 and loses, it’s a Tough Loss. If he wins with a game score under 50, it’s a Cheap Win. Cleanup Slugging% The Slugging Percentage of a player when batting fourth in the batting order. Clutch This category shows a player’s batting average in the late innings of close games: the seventh inning or later with the batting team ahead by one, tied, or has the tying run on base, at bat or on deck. Complete Game Frequency Complete Games divided by Games Started. Defensive Batting Average A composite statistic incorporating various defensive statistics to arrive at a number akin to batting average.

The formula uses standard deviations to establish a spread from best to worst. Earned Run Average (Earned Runs times 9) divided by Innings Pitched. Fast-A Otherwise known as “Advanced A,” these A-level minor leagues are the California League, Carolina League and Florida Stat League. Favorite Toy The Favorite Toy is a method that is used to estimate a player’s chance of getting to a specific goal in the following example, we’ll say 3,000 hits.Four things are considered:

- Needed Hits – the number of hits required to get the desired result. (Of course, this could also be “Need Home Runs” or “Need Doubles” – whatever you choose to call it.)
- Years Remaining in the Contract. The formula 24-.6 is used to estimate the number of years that will be required to achieve the target (age). As a result of this approach, players under the age of 20 have 12.0 seasons left on their contract. Players under the age of 25 have nine seasons left on their contract, players under 30 have 6.0 seasons left on their contract, and players over 35 have just three season left on their contract. Any athlete who is currently actively participating in competitive sports is presumed to have at least 1.5 seasons left, regardless of his or her age. Hit Level has been established. For 1996, the established hit level would be calculated by multiplying 1993 hits by two times 1994 hits by three times 1995 hits by six, and then dividing the result by six. In order to be eligible, a player must have an established performance level that is more than three-fourths of his or her most recent performance level—for example, a player who had 200 hits in 1995 cannot have an established hit level lower than 150 hits. Hits that are expected to be made in the future. This is calculated by multiplying the second number (the number of ears left) by the third number (the established hit level)

Once you have obtained the projected remaining hits, the probability of achieving the objective is calculated as (projected remaining hits) divided by (require hits), minus.5. If your “require hits” and your “projected remaining hits” are the same, you have a 50 percent probability of achieving your target using this technique of calculation. If your anticipated remaining hits are 20 percent greater than your required hits, you have a 70 percent probability of achieving your target in time. There are two specific rules, as well as a note:

- The probability of a player continuing to develop toward a goal cannot be more than.97 per year. For example, a player cannot calculate that they have a 148 percent probability of completing their goal because this is against the rules.)
- The possibility of a player continuing to develop toward the objective cannot be more than.75 each season if his offensive winning percentage is below.500 throughout the season. If a below-average batter is two years away from attaining a goal, his likelihood of accomplishing that objective cannot be proved to be better than nine-sixteenths of a percent, or three-fourths times three-fourths, no of his age.
- Rather of using actual figures from a complete season of play, we utilized predicted metrics for 1994 and 1995.

- During the seventh inning or later, the batting side is either up by one run, tied, or has a possible tying run on base, at the plate, or on deck
- The game is over

Note: this situation is very similar to the characteristics of a Save Situation. Leadoff On Base% The On-Base Percentage of a player when batting first in the batting order. No Decision (ND) The result when a starter is credited with neither a win nor a loss. OBP+SLUG (OPS) On-base percentage plus slugging percentage. Offensive Winning Percentage (OWP) The Winning Percentage a team of nine Fred McGriffs (or anybody) would compile against average pitching and defense.

The formula: (Runs Created per 27 outs) divided by the League average of runs scored per game.

“Hold Percentage” is computed by dividing extra bases taken (by baserunners) by the number of opportunities.

Note: such plays are often referred to as pickoffs, but appear in official records as Caught Stealings.

Pickoff (fielding play 1-3 being the most common) is not an official statistic. Percentage of Pitches Taken This tells you how often a player lets a pitch go by without swinging. Percentage of Swings Put In Play This tells you how often a player hits the ball into fair territory, or is retired on a foul-ball out, when he swings. Pickoffs (Pk) The number of times a runner was picked off base by a pitcher. Pivot Percentage The number of double plays turned by a second baseman as the pivot man, divided by the number of opportunities. PkOf Throw/Runner The number of pickoff throws made by a pitcher divided by the number of runners on first base. Plate Appearances At Bats plus Total Walks plus Hit By Pitcher plus Sacrifice Hits plus Sacrifice Flies plus Times Reached on Defensive Interference. Power/Speed Number A way to look at power and speed in one number.

A player must score high in both areas to earn a high Power/Speed Number.The formula: (HR x SB x 2) divided by (HR + SB). Quality Start Any start in which a pitcher works six or more innings while allowing three or fewer earned runs. Quick Hooks and Slow Hooks A Quick Hook is the removal of a pitcher who has pitched less than 6 innings and given up 3 runs or less.

A Slow Hook occurs when a pitcher pitches more than 9 innings, or allows 7 or more runs, or whose combined innings pitched and runs allowed totals 13 or more. Range Factor The number of Chances (Putouts plus Assists) times nine divided by the number of Defensive Innings Played.

The average for a Regular Player at each position in 1997:

- 5.00 points for second base, 2.67 points for third base, 4.56 points for shortstop, and 1.99 points for left field, 2.55 points for center field, and 2.06 points for right field.

- He enters the game with a lead of no more than three runs and has the opportunity to pitch for at least one inning, or he enters the game with the potential tying run on base, at bat, or on deck, regardless of the count, or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save
- Or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save

Behind in count for hitters includes 0-1, 0-2, 1-2 and 2-2.

Therefore, a game at 5:30 in Yankee Stadium is a day game while one in Shea Stadium at the same time is a night game.

Turf is artificial turf. Groundball/Flyball Ratio A hitter’s stats against pitchers that induce mostly grounders or flies, respectively.

If it is greater than 1.50, he is a Groundball hitter.

Same cutoffs apply for classifying pitchers.

- For a batter to be considered a “Hits Best Against” candidate, there must be at least 10 plate appearances between him and the pitcher
- And for a pitcher to be considered a “Pitches Best Against” candidate, the batter must have a.300 batting average against the pitcher, and the pitcher must limit the batting average of the batter to under.250.

Thus, not all hitters will have five pitchers that qualify and not all pitchers will have five batters who qualify. Scoring Position At least one runner must be at either second or third base. Vs. 1st Batr (Relief) Describes what happened to the first batter a reliever faces.