Bat Speed, Batted Ball Speed (Exit Speed) by Age Group
- 1/06/2011 explained the distinctions between bat speed and exit speed, included the Pujols bat speed myth, and added bat speeds from two studies
- On February 13, 2010, high school exit speeds were implemented. On February 14, 2010, we clarified the exit speed chart, distinguishing between wood and non-wood. COR definition was added on February 16, 2010.
Collision between a ball and a bat Dr. Alan Nathan is a physician who practices in the United States. The ultimate aim in hitting is to achieve exit speed (also known as batted ball speed or speed off the bat). This is a measurement of the speed at which the ball leaves the bat when it is struck. This is the result of at least five factors: bat speed (at contact – which may or may not be maximum) + pitch speed (at plate – which may or may not be maximum), adjusted by the impact point on the bat (“sweet spot”), bat composition (for example, BESR rating), and ball composition (for example, composition of the baseball) (ex.
It is merely one sign of performance that can lead to improved departure speed, and it is not the only one.
The terms “Bat Speed” and “Exit Speed” are almost always confused
The speed of a bat is not the same as the speed of an exit. The two names are frequently used interchangeably. Bat speed refers to the rate at which thebat is travelling. Exit speed refers to the pace at which the ball is travelling when it is released from the bat.
Warning When Comparing Bat Speeds and Exit Speeds
When comparing bat speeds and exit speeds from different sources, proceed with caution. Let’s have a look at how we might rank the probable speeds in decreasing order using a variety of factors:
- Pitched ball with a non-wood bat (which has the fastest departure speed)
- A pitched ball with a wooden bat
- Ball off tee, non-wooden bat
- Ball off tee With a ball off the tee and a wood bat (with the slowest exit speed), Bat only, non-wood bat (bat speed, light bat)
- Bat only, wood bat (bat speed)
- Bat only, non-wood bat (light bat)
It is not possible to mix and combine these speeds. It is often true that exit speed is faster than bat speed. A very rough rule of thumb would be a 20 percent variation in the results. For a wood bat, the formula is exit speed=q*(pitch speed) + (1+q)*(bat speed), where q is around 0.2 for the pitch speed. The average fastball velocity in Major League Baseball is 91 mph out of the hand and 83 mph at the plate. Example: The average exit speed in Major League Baseball is 103 mph, and the average bat speed is about 70-85 mph.
Physicist Daniel Russell of Kettering University found that non-wood bats may be 8mph faster than wood bats because of their reduced weight (which allows them to be swung faster for increased bat speed) and greater “trampoline effect.”
My Bat Speed is the same as my teammate, but his Exit Speed is higher/lower
With a particular bat speed, three factors might result in a significantly varied exit speed.
- Various bats with varying sweet spots and/or performance characteristics
- Whether you’ve hit the sweet spot or not
- The maximum bat speed is reached at a moment in the swing other than when the bat makes contact with the ball.
Batted Ball Speed (Exit Speed) – 2009 MLB Players Hitting Home Runs – Wood Bats
The “Speed off Bat” chart compiled by Hit Tracker Online shows that Wladimir Balentien had the fastest exit speed in the majors in 2009, clocking in at 122.3 mph, with Albert Pujols coming in second place at 119.6 mph. The minimum exit speed necessary to hit a home run over a short fence looks to be around 94 miles per hour on the ground surface. Warning: Keep in mind that these speeds may be around 8 mph higher if they were using bats that were not made of wood. Their departure speed would be roughly 17 mph slower if they used a tee as a guide.
|Player||Max Exit Speed||Avg Exit Speed||Avg HR Distance|
Exit speed required for a given distance
With the help of theBaseball Home Run Simulator, these are the necessary exit velocity for hitting a baseball at each distance: Please keep in mind that these lengths may vary based on factors such as angle, height, and so on.
- 90 miles per hour, 300 feet
- 93 miles per hour, 315 feet
- 95 miles per hour, 326 feet
- 100 miles per hour, 350 feet
- 102 miles per hour, 360 feet
- 105 miles per hour, 375 feet
- 110 miles per hour, 400 feet
- 115 miles per hour, 420 feet
- 120 miles per hour, 443 feet
Note: According to the data shown above, every 1 mph increase in departure speed causes the ball to go 5 feet farther.
The distance would be around 4 feet for a bat moving at 1mph, which is less than the 7-8 feet we’ve heard about in previous research. The matter will be investigated further.
Charts showing reported bat speeds and exit speeds
We compiled all of the third-party information on bat speeds and exit speeds that we could locate and organized them into age groups for you to enjoy. Please contact us if you are aware of any other reports. Warning: In some of these tales, it is unclear if they used non-wood or wood bats, as well as whether they utilized a thrown ball or a tee as a pitching instrument. We also have no method of confirming the speeds that have been reported. However, we believed they were of some worth, so we’ve included them here.
- (a) PerDenver Hitting Club (wood vs. non-wood?, tee or pitched? )
- (b) PerAB Athletic Development, Nashua, NH (wood vs. non-wood?, tee or pitched? )
- (c) PerHit Tracker Onlineusing MLB Hit FX (WOOD bats, front toss)
- (d) PerPerry Husband JC campSports Radar? (c) PerHit Tracker Onlineusing MLB Hit FX according to his films – non-wood, pitched ball)(see footage of exit speed being assessed by Perry Husband)
- (e) PerJeff Forney’s Triple Threat (based on his videos – non-wood, pitched ball)
- Mesa, Arizona Using the “Zelocity Pure Flight” system (wood vs. non-wood?, tee or pitched? )
- (f) Per top-rated local high school (non-wood, tee)
- (g) PerWashington University in St. Louis bat speed testing of Albert Pujols at 86.99 mph in 4/06 (wood bat, tee)
- (h) PerASMI study on bat MOIDr. Fleisig tested 17 college baseball
Batted Ball Speed (Exit Speed) – Speed of the Ball
|10U||11-12||13-14||15-16 17-18 High School||College||Pro/ Olympic|
|Baseball(a) non-wood, pitched ball (elite)||()||()||48 (74)||73 (94)||84 87 JC(d) (96) (95 JC)(d)||95 MILB (wood?)|
|Baseballwood, pitched ball (elite)||()||()||103.6 exactly MLB(c) (115-122)(c)|
|Baseball(f) non-wood, tee (elite)|
- 9th grade in the 70s and low 80s
- JV in the 80s
- Varsity in the mid 80s
- (104 maximum drafted player)
|Baseball(b) wood, tee/softoss (elite)||()||()||78-83(b) (90-94)(b)||(91-96)(b)||93-96 MILB(b)|
|Fastpitch(a) (elite) non-wood, pitched?||()||()||38 (55)||53 (66)||58 (69)||66 (79)|
Bat Speed – Speed of the Bat
|10U||11-12||13-14||15-16 17-18 High School||College||Pro/ Olympic|
|Baseball(e) non-wood (elite)||40-50 (45-55)||50-55 (55-60)||55-60 (60-70)||(70-75)||55-60 (h) (75-85)||(85-95) (I doubt 90+)|
|Baseballwood (elite)||(81-92)?(b)||(84-86 MILB)(b) 86.99 Pujols (g)(69 MILB) but only 65 at impact (j)|
|Fastpitch(b) (elite)||()||()||()||()||43-50 (h)||()|
Myth – Albert Pujols’ bat speed is slower than MLB average
My suspicion is that this myth originated from a September 2006 GQ story in which the author attempted to compare Pujols’ recorded batspeed of 86.99 mph (using a 31.5 ounce wood bat on an infield tee) with the speed of Kevin Reese (a former minor leaguer). Kevin’s exit velocity, I believe, was this. There are several connections to this GQ piece that serve to propagate the myth, but I was unable to locate any that pointed to the source of Kevin’s speed. From the observed MLB exit speeds for every single at-bat in 2009 and 2010, it is apparent that no MLB player could possible have a bat speed that was even remotely close to 100 miles per hour.
What is COR?
The COR (also known as the coefficient of restitution) is a common method of determining a ball’s compression performance. The function is (exit speed) / (entrance speed) (pitched ball speed) A baseball has a COR rating of 0.555, which is quite good. This indicates that a ball will return at a rate that is 55.5 percent as quickly as it entered the court. Softballs have COR values of 0.44 and 0.47, respectively. The COR rating indicates how “hot” the ball is. The greater the value, the “hotter” the ball.
How Should I Measure My Swing Performance?
Using a wood bat (to avoid bat rating differences) and a tee (to avoid pitch speed disparities) that allows for a tiny uppercut is the most accurate technique to quantify individual hitting performance (optimum is 9 degree to match the pitch plane). Then walk outside and concentrate on altering your swing plane while maintaining the same exit speed in order to produce more backspin and distance on your shots.
Baseball Physics: Anatomy of a Home Run
When Ryan Zimmerman steps up to the bat, there isn’t time to ponder the laws of physics. “I’m thinking about what the pitcher may throw in that circumstance,” said the 22-year-old emerging star of the Washington Nationals. “I’m thinking about what the pitcher might throw in that situation.” Before he releases the ball, I have to remove as many possibilities as I possibly can. At least twenty times last season, Zimmerman drove a pitch into the stands of the stadium. Now, PM pauses the clock to evaluate Zimmerman’s instinctual knowledge of hitting, including ball spin, bat speed, and the rest of his arsenal of tools.
A Supersize Sweet Spot
Photo courtesy of Getty Images; illustrations courtesy of Intoaroute When a bat collides with a ball, it produces numerous frequencies of vibration. When a ball and a bat collide, the amount of energy delivered to the ball (rather than diffused across the bat and the batter’s hands) is determined by where the impact occurs. A bat vibrating at its fundamental frequency (seen above in black) has a zero-vibration node around 6 1/2 inches from the barrel end of the bat (Node 1). For a long time, it was believed that this was the bat’s sweet spot.
Approximately 4 1/2 inches down the barrel, a bat has another node at a second frequency (shown in red) (Node 2).
In comparison to other frequencies, hits between the two generate the least amount of vibration and convey the most energy. “I knew I hit well on every ball I’d hit that I hadn’t felt,” Zimmerman says of his recent hits.
Bat Speed Vs. Mass
Intoaroute created the illustration. Batted ball speed (BBS) may be increased by increasing two factors: the mass of the bat and the speed of the swing. Batted ball speed (BBS) is a measure of how far a ball travels after it leaves the bat. Swing speed, on the other hand, might have a more significant impact on BBS. According to research, increasing the weight of a 20-ounce wood bat by one-third may improve its bat speed from 68.5 mph to 80.4 mph, a 17.3 percent increase. A researcher at Kettering University in Michigan, Daniel Russell, discovered that increasing the swing speed of a 30-ounce bat by a factor of two may boost the bat speed by 35.1 percent, from 62 to 83.8 miles per hour.
The Ideal Bat
Professor Terry Bahill of the University of Arizona discovered that the maximum bat weight before swing speed reduces is around 41 ounces. However, he believes that the optimal bat weight for a professional player is lighter – in the 31- to 32-ounce range. This weight creates a BBS that is one percent lower than the BBS produced by the maximum-weight bat, allowing the batter to maneuver more freely while experiencing little power loss. Zimmerman has found the same idea with his MaxBat, which is 34 inches in diameter and 32 ounces in weight.
Intoaroute created the illustration. When a hitter swings his 2-pound bat for the first 50 milliseconds of the swing, he has enough time to check his swing. By 110 milliseconds, the bat, which is traveling at speeds of up to 80 mph, has accumulated too much inertia to be halted. A fastball traveling at 90 miles per hour may reach home plate in 400 milliseconds, or four tenths of a second. A hitter, on the other hand, has only a quarter-second to recognize the pitch, determine whether or not to swing, and then begin the process.
A hitter needs 100 milliseconds to observe the 3-inch ball and 75 milliseconds to determine the spin, speed, and position of the pitch before he can make a decision.
It can take up to 25 milliseconds for the brain’s impulses to go through the hitter’s body and cause his legs to begin moving when he hits the ball.
A fastball with backspin travels to the plate at speeds of up to 1800 rpm. A hitter must reverse the rotation of the ball such that it exits the bat with backspin in order to hit the ball out of the park on a regular basis. This provides lift to the ball. As it crosses the plate, a curveball may have topspin of 1900 rpm, causing it to bite downward as it travels across it. By smashing a curve, a hitter increases the amount of topspin produced by the pitcher, resulting in 45 percent more backspin off the bat.
As a result, what happened? Curveballs may be thrown further than straight balls. As discovered by Mont Hubbard, a 94-mph fastball leaves the bat three miles per hour faster than the equivalent 78-mph curveball – yet it travels 442 feet as opposed to the curveball’s 455 feet.
Forcing the Issue
MLB baseballs weigh on average 5.125 ounces, and a fastball thrown at 90 mph has been seen to go as far as 110 mph after leaving the bat. Russell calculated that, in a collision lasting less than one-thousandth of a second, the typical professional swing transfers 4145 pounds of force to the ball by extrapolating Newton’s second law of motion. During peak conditions, peak forces surpass 8300 pounds, which is enough to stop a Mini Cooper rolling at 10 mph dead in its tracks.
The truth is that, contrary to the legends surrounding historic, colossal blasts – such as Mickey Mantle’s famed 565-ft. shot in 1953 – scientists believe that the furthest a man can hit a ball at sea level without assistance from the wind is around 475 ft. This material was generated and maintained by a third party and imported onto this website in order to assist users in providing their email addresses for further consideration. You may be able to discover further information on this and other related items at the website piano.io.
How long does it take for a baseball to leave the park?
Baseball is a sport in which physics plays an important role. According to Porter W. Johnson, retired professor of physics at Illinois Institute of Technology — and a fan of the show, the solution to this question is not so straightforward: What is the average time it takes for a home run to exit the park? According to Johnson, it would take 1.818 seconds for a flawlessly hit ball to exit U.S. Cellular Field or Wrigley Field at their deepest positions (400 feet in dead center field) if the ball left the bat at 100 miles per hour under ideal conditions.
- As Johnson notes, “the force of air resistance is as great as the force of gravity, and it works in the direction that is diametrically opposed to the velocity of the ball.” That is why it takes 4-6 seconds for the ball travel 100 meters and depart the park, according to a spokesperson.
- “The quickest (a pitch) can come in is roughly 100 mph, and the fastest it can go out is 150 mph,” says the pitcher.
- “However, it is risky.” The ability to react quickly: “After the pitcher tosses the ball, you have.4 of a second to determine whether or not to swing,” Johnson explains.
- “This is an emergency, and you must get that bat moving as soon as possible.
- It is not because they are patriotic that they do this.
- “The more weight they can pack into a ball, the denser the air is.
- Hit Tracker (hittrackeronline.com/top sob.php) is a website that tracks the speed of home runs hit throughout the current season.
- In order to hit the ball squarely, the hitter must strike the ball within an inch of the 4-foot region where the ball would land.
- The bat-ball collision typically lasts 0.001 seconds, and the average force on the ball is approximately 10,000 Newtons, which corresponds to a mass of approximately 1,000 kg (or a ton).
As a result of air resistance, the trajectory of a home run ball is described as “bananalike” by Johnson. For more information on Porter Johnson’s investigation into baseball and physics, visit mypages.iit.edu/johnsonpo/argtalk.html.
After hit with the bat, the ball accelerates upward at an angle of 42 degrees and with an initial velocity estimated to be 500 feet per second, or about six miles per minute, which is quicker than any express train can move.
This statement has two grammatical faults. The most severe inaccuracy is the assertion that the ball exits the bat at a speed of 500 feet per second (equal to 341 miles per hour or 5.7 miles per minute). That simply isn’t a possibility. To be precise, I estimate that a ball struck at such an angle and with such velocity would go about 900 feet. No one has ever claimed to have witnessed a baseball being hit so far out in the field. According to recent technology from Major League Baseball games (HITf/x, TrackMan), the mean speed for home runs is about 100 mph, with the distribution of higher speeds decreasing off quickly and with almost no balls hit harder than 120 mph being the exception.
- It is quite simple to obtain a fairly solid upper limit on BBS using only a few variables.
- In this case, we have a pitch speed of 85 mph when it passes home plate, which corresponds to an increase in velocity of around 10 miles per hour at release.
- When launched at 30 degrees, a ball of this size would travel approximately 400 feet.
- Consider the following scenario: the Babe used a substantially heavier bat, say 48 oz or approximately 50% heavier than usual, while maintaining the same bat speed.
- We’re still not even close to being finished.
- This would translate into an increase in batter-provided energy of 67 percent above that of a conventional bat, or 2.5 times the amount of energy supplied by a typical bat.
- I believe we may consider this to be the absolute maximum limit on how hard a baseball can be hit by a Major League Baseball batter.
- The author claims a top speed of 341 mph, although this is far from the truth.
- Finally, let’s have a look at the launch angle of 42 degrees.
When it comes to actual life, the number is closer to 30 0, as can be observed both “theoretically” and from MLB statistics. Alternatively, you may return to the Article Physics of Baseball Home Page.
What does a 100mph swing speed mean?
Luke Shilling, a high school senior from Cedar Rapids, Iowa, made a significant impact in the Perfect Game Pitcher/Catcher Indoor Showcase that took place this past weekend. He impressed with his offerings, and Perfect Game has placed him as one of the top 100 high school pitchers in the country. Shilling hopes to be selected early in the Major League Baseball Rule 4 draft in June. However, this is only one of dozens of showcases, with hundreds of prep standouts and would-be pros showcasing their skills.
- His bat, manufactured in Pontiac, Mich., had a bat speed of 103 mph upon impact, according to the Zepp sensor that was attached to the bottom of the bat.
- [email protected] Luke Schilling of PGShowcases has established a new record for bat speed impact!
- The 8th of February, 2015 Zepp, of course, was overjoyed to be able to share his incredible achievement with others.
- It’s up to us to decide how amazing a 100-mph swing is, and how well it transfers to the professional game in general.
- It is important to compare this bat speed to that of the experts as a starting point.
Additional information from the app appears to support this: In the majority of the examples, the bat speeds of big league players are in the mid 80s or low 90s, with one swing fromMike Trout attaining a bat speed of 99 mph at contact and another fromHunter Pence reaching peak speeds of 106 mph.
Leaving that aside, I’ll take a look at a 100-mph swing in an empty space.
To start, consider this formula from baseball physics guruAlan Nathan to get the batted ball exit speed (v b) from swing speed (v s) and pitch speed (v p): v b= e a v p+ (1 + e a) v s The third missing element, e a, is the collision efficiency of the bat and relies on where the ball contacts the bat.
- That indicates that, for a ball hit off a tee, a 100-mph swing will yield an exit velocity of 120 mph in the best-case scenario, and a 110 mph exit velocity for the typical “well-struck” ball.
- Even with all the caveats and conditions in that last paragraph – the batter has to hit the ball dead center on the sweet spot with the exact right launch angle – that number seems awfully high.
- Let’s take an average four-seam fastball, which leaves the pitcher’s hand between 90 to 95 mph and crosses home plate around 85 mph.
- This number also seems crazy high, but there’s a little bit of public tracking data of batted ball speed in MLB to make this seem more reasonable.
- What we do have is the sample data from April 2009, where the maximum exit velocity recorded is 138.5 mph on aRonnie Belliardline out off an 87 mphRicky Nolascooffering.
- But Belliard’s liner and aPlacido Polancodouble-play grounder are the only two balls hit in that month with exit velocities over 130 mph.
- As a sample, here are the top home runs hit in each of the last five seasons by exit velocity, along with the speed measured by PITCHf/x when the pitch crossed the plate and the estimated bat speed.
Note that the estimated bat speed was calculated assuming an e aof 0.1: that most home runs were hit off the sweet spot of the bat seems like a reasonable assumption.
|Year||Batter||Pitcher||Exit Velo (mph)||Elev Angle (°)||True Dist (ft)||Pitch Speed (mph)||Est Bat Speed (mph)|
|2014||Giancarlo Stanton||Stephen Fife||119.9||20.0||427||71.4||102.5|
|2013||Mark Trumbo||Dan Straily||120.1||26.0||475||83.8||101.6|
|2012||Giancarlo Stanton||Jamie Moyer||122.4||25.3||462||66.4||105.2|
|2011||Sean Rodriguez||Brandon Morrow||118.4||23.1||434||83.6||100.0|
|2010||Mark Reynolds||Mitchell Boggs||122.3||27.4||481||86.1||103.4|
This figure gives the impression that a 100-mph swing is just about the upper limit of what the greatest hitters in the world are capable of producing. Nonetheless, several assumptions must be made in order to get at this conclusion. Starting with the premise that both the HITf/x exit velocity (which is measured a few feet after impact and then, I assume, adjusted for the loss of velocity caused by air resistance) and the Zepp sensor (which according to Zepp claims is accurate to within a few miles per hour) are accurate, I’ll proceed from there.
- In this case, I’ve assumed that the balls are striking an inch or so off the precise sweet spot of the barrel, but if I instead assume that the fastest home runs are hitting just at the node, then MLB swing speeds appear to peak at roughly 90 miles per hour.
- Moreover, nothing here implies that Luke Shilling could be placed into a major-league game tomorrow and start hitting home runs with tape measures.
- Other persons with whom I spoke agreed: The suggestion from young baseball instructor Bryan Eisenberg was that swinging down on the ball (as seen by Shilling’s attack angle) tends to yield faster bat speeds at contact than is typical for the position.
- As with pitchers, a triple-digit speed reading will always be attractive, but just as with swings, there is more to a solid swing than simply the headline statistic.
- Baseball Advanced Media provided the PITCHf/x data.
- A lot can be said for his own swing speed, which is below average.
- Bryan may be followed on Twitter under the handle @Doctor Bryan.
Understanding Exit Speed
Exit Speed is my favorite hitting measure since it allows me to strike the ball quickly. What is the number one power sapping factor for the average hitter? Take the 59-second quiz Let’s be clear about something: Bat speed is defined as the pace at which the bat moves. The speed at which the ball leaves the bat is referred to as exit speed. Exit speed is created by bat speed. You want both, but for the sake of this article, we’ll concentrate on “Exit Speed,” because that is the final objective.
- Nelson Cruz is an American politician who was born in Cuba.
- In addition, the average MLB exit speed is around 89mph.
- However, many collegiate players have a scoring average in the 65-73 area.
- If you are able to reach 75 or above, please contact me (haha).
- In the cages, I’ve seen one batter hit the ball at speeds of up to 108mph.
- For my high school students, a score of 90 or above is the aim, with a few achieving a score of 95 or higher.
- And do notify us if you reach the coveted 100-point milestone.
- Here’s a simple instruction that will teach you how to determine your own departure speed.
We’ve begun to share some of our athletes’ contact information with college coaches who have expressed an interest. For those of you who haven’t yet joined The Hitting Vault, now is a fantastic moment to do so! You are on track to meet your Exit Speed objective!
MLB stats: Combining contact and exit velocity for MLB’s hardest hitters
To navigate, use the arrows on your keyboard. The New York Yankees’ Giancarlo Stanton27 strikes out in the ninth inning of Game Four of the American League Division Series against the Boston Red Sox at Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, New York, on October 9, 2018. (NEW YORK DAILIES OUT) The Red Sox beat the Yankees 4-3 in the American League Division Series. (Image courtesy of Jimm McIsaac/Getty Images)
These 25 players are the MLB’s best at combining velocity off the bat with consistent contact
Because it measures how hard a player smashes the ball, exit velocity is one of the most informative of the new statistics introduced by the Major League Baseball. Anyone who has spent any amount of time at third base is familiar with the difference between fielding a normal ground ball and fielding a rocket out of the park. In terms of statistics, it’s rather easy. It is a measure of the average velocity of the ball when it is struck by a baseball. In general, batters that are considered to be among the best in the Major League Baseball hit the ball harder than “average” players.
- In 2018, he started off with an average speed of 93.7 mph.
- Joey Gallo had a 93.9 rating, and Stanton’s teammate, Aaron Judge, had a 94.7 rating.
- Its fundamental problem is that it only takes into account balls that are really struck by the ball.
- When evaluating batter performance, this might result in inaccurate readings.
- Despite the fact that Gallo had 500 legitimate at-bats last season, his exit velocity did not average 93.9 mph in 41 percent of them, instead averaging zero mph due of his strikeouts.
- We’ve compiled a list of the 25 players who had the highest Exit Velocity Per At Bat during the 2018 season, which can be seen below.
- Multiply the exit velocity of each player by the number of times he actually struck the ball, then divide the result by the total number of at bats for each player.
- Giancarlo Stanton, for example, had an exit velocity of 93.7 mph on 406 batting encounters, which was the most in the majors.
- Stanton has 617 official at-bats during his career.
- Stanton’s Exit Velocity Per At Bat is 61.7 miles per hour as a result of this.
This top 25 list will highlight the brilliance of some players while bringing to light the talents of others who may have gone unnoticed in the past – such as the major league’s No. 1 in Exit Velocity Per At Bat – in a whole new light. To navigate, use the arrows on your keyboard.
Baseball Swing Speed
Recently, we had the opportunity to sit down with Blast Baseball Manager Justin Goltz and Blast Motion Lead Biomechanist/Algorithm Developer Patrick Cherveny to take an in-depth look at a valuable and often misunderstood metric: the swing speed of softball and baseball bats (both baseball and softball). Despite the fact that softball and baseball organizations of all levels are continuing to delve deeper into data analysis, swing speed continues to stand out as one that many organizations and clubs have yet to fully exploit and profit from.
- Besides serving as the official swing sensor of Major League Baseball, our high-performance technology was recently used to monitor and show swing speed of players participating in the 2016 MLB All-Star Futures Game.
- SWING SPEED HAS IMPORTANT VALUE It is likely that baseball fans and attendance at Major League Baseball games are well acquainted with the pitch speed statistic, which is routinely and prominently shown both on stadium video boards and during television broadcasts of games.
- But what about the pace of the swing?
- “More meaningful measures have been adopted by the baseball world,” Cherveny explained.
- During another at-bat, you may hit it hard but directly at a player, which results in an out.
- The harder you hit the ball, the more probable it is that you will reach second or third base.
According to Cherveny, “swing speed is a really crucial parameter because it ultimately decides how fast the ball is going to come off the bat.” “The quicker you swing, the more probable it is that you will attain a greater exit velocity, which will result in more effective results on a more consistent basis.
There’s a lot of attention on attempting to optimize exit velocity and launch angle, which are both important.
Exit velocity and pitch speed are important factors in baseball, however swing speeds of great baseball players seldom reach or surpass triple digits.
“ Goltz asserted that “we can certainly state that in-game swing speeds in the 90s or 100s are not truly humanly achievable.” For example, according to some of the data we acquired, some of the top pros in baseball had in-game swing speeds ranging from 65 to 85 miles per hour.” It is estimated that the average swing speed in Major League Baseball games is around 70 miles per hour, according to Cherveny.
- Even while this does not appear to be a significant amount, if you grasp the mechanisms that underpin the measures, it becomes rather astounding.
- Consequently, that sort of swing speed is considered ‘false’.
- The top hitters aim to hit the ball in the “sweet spot” of the bat in order to optimize the quality of their contact with the ball.
- Cherveny revealed even more intriguing and revealing insights about this well-known but misunderstood athletic hotspot during his interview.
- ‘As a player swings his or her bat in a rotating arc, it is important to note that, the lower down the radial length of the bat you go, the higher the swing speed,’ explained Cherveny.
- “ We take measurements at a location known as the’sweet spot.’ Six inches from the end of the bat is where we identify this point as being located.
- The scientific term for this region in the bat is the zone between the first and second bending modes of vibration, which results in extremely tiny vibrational modes when the bat hits something in this region.
According to Cherveny, the “sweet spot” is where the best hitters prefer to make contact, but in actuality, it isn’t a location.
You may make contact with the ball anywhere along that line, and the ball will rebound and come off as quickly as possible.” Every inch counts, even if you’re in the “hit zone,” as they say.
According to Cherveny, if a Major League Baseball swing is 70 miles per hour on average, if you hit an inch more towards your hands from the sweet spot, you would lose 2.5 miles per hour.
To have a 75- or 80-mile-per-hour swing speed, like a young MLB star like Carlos Correa or Mike Trout, is one thing; to have a swing speed of 50- or 60-miles-per-hour is quite another.
At the Little League level, Goltz estimates that the average swing speed is between 45 and 55 miles per hour.
College and professional players between the ages of mid-60s and perhaps mid-80s.
“There are a lot of variables, but the most important one is simply the strength of the athlete,” Cherveny explained further.
Children playing travel or high school baseball between the ages of 15 and 18 who have swing speeds surpassing 80 mph are not uncommon in these leagues.
In particular, this is true in situations when players do not have to care about pitch speed and movement, such as tee work and drill training.” A college, high school, or youth travel baseball player’s swing speed may not seem to be a very essential number for them, and this is understandable.
As the game develops, it is also one that is likely to grow increasingly more important (and valuable) as time goes on.
“The desire to be able to swing quickly is something that young batters need to have in order for the motor skills to become imprinted and for them to be able to do it again.” To the extent that, once they are in a game setting, they are able to create a significant amount of swing speed.” WHAT BLAST IS MOST EXCELLENT AT Baseball and softball are both difficult and demanding sports to compete in.
- Goltz, Cherveny and the rest of the Blast Baseball crew must constantly test, tinker, experiment, evolve, and practice in the same way that a batter must constantly train and fine-tune his or her swing to be successful.
- Alternatively, something similar.
- In order to successfully integrate player input data such as swing speed with ball output system technologies, you must have faith in the veracity of the underlying data.
- According to Cherveny, “we can then compare directly between our sensor and the motion-capture data for a specific swing for every sort of swing across multiple levels.” We go above and above in our internal testing to ensure that our algorithms are as accurate as possible.
- In fact, a recent external, third-party validation test confirmed that the Blast swing sensor has consistently reached a rare and recurrent degree of perfection in its performance.
- The study was carried out by the Center for Human Performance in San Diego, and it was overseen by Arnel Aguinaldo, the center’s director, who was in attendance.
- In order to compare it to motion-capture data, they used our sensor, as well as the Zepp sensor and the Diamond Kinetics sensor, and had players swing in a batting cage,” Cherveny added.
Not only did the test reveal that the Diamond Kinetics app was not as consistent in detecting swing readings as the Blast app, but it also revealed that the Diamond Kinetics app required between five and ten minutes to set up, compared to an average setup time of just 90 seconds for the Blast swing sensor and companion app.
As a result, the batter may employ their natural swing technique to generate the fastest swing speeds possible, which is vital for both player evaluation and growth.
Our precision in providing information and statistics to teams and their players, especially Major League Baseball organizations, is something we take great pleasure in.
Barrels & Exit Velocity
BarrelsExit Velocity in Barrels This morning on SiriusXM Fantasy Radio, we’re talking about BarrelsExit Velocity, which stands for BarrelsExit Velocity. The following are some of the player notes from our 2020Fantasy Baseball Draft Advisor Program, which highlight the players that stand out in each of the areas listed above. Barrels According to MLB.com, a hit ball must have an exit velocity of at least 98 mph in order to be considered Barreled. Balls struck with a launch angle between 26 and 30 degrees always receive the Barreled classification while traveling at that speed.
- Since the introduction of Statcast in the Major Leagues in 2015, batters have had a batting average of at least.500 and a slugging percentage of at least.500 since the introduction of the stat.
- Miguel Sano turned into an absolute beast last season, hitting 34 home runs in only 372 at-bats.
- However, his 53 percent Hard Hit rate, 107.1 BBS on HRs, and 94 MPH average velocity are out of this world.
- BABIP for the year 2019 is 0.319.
- Contact Rate: 64% of all contacts (-3 percent ) 415 feet (18 meters) |
- HardHit percent: 52.7 percent (10.2%)|
- Elevation percent: 15.9 feet (3.1 meters)|
HR/FB percent: 37% (16 percent ) |
EYE: 0.35 |
The ISO percentage is 32.9 percent (13.0 percent ) Against RHP, where he only managed a 404 SLG, CJ Cron’s output dipped slightly, but his HardHit percent remained far above average, as did his 15 percent Barrels rate.
HR Distance: 404ft(-4)|
HR BBS: 404ft(-4) (2.0) • 41.1 percent of hard hits are direct hits (1.5 percent ) |
Percentage of elevation gain: 12.7 (-2.5) 15% of barrels are used in this way (2.8 percent ) |
Gross/Feelings Ratio: 1.22 (0.1) |
ISO: 21.6 percent |
Despite the fact that he only hit.232, his 34 home runs and 77 RBI combined to make him the most valued fantasy catcher, and it wasn’t even close.
He’s also increased his launch angle for the third straight season, which now stands at 19.4 degrees.
The BBS is 109.3(2.4)|
Average Velocity: 91 km/h (0.7) |
The percentage of barrels is 19.1 percent (5.2 percent ) |
Global/Facebook Rate: 0.7 (-0.3) |
EYE: 0.32 (-0.17) |
Despite the fact that he is only 22 years old, he has had a significant impact in the majors this season, batting.313 with 27 home runs and 78 RBI in only 313 plate appearances entering the weekend.
The fact that he has an excellent 51 percent hard-hit rate, hits lots of liners (24.5 percent), and hits enough flyballs (36.7 percent) to cause significant damage is evidence enough that he is legit, according to his profile.
Alvarez’s track record of success in the minors suggests that he should be able to maintain a level of performance similar to that which he has shown thus far in his major-league career.
He’ll be a valuable asset as a UTIL-only player, but it would be beneficial for his overall worth if he could continue to play in the OF.
Contact Rate (76%) |
Contact Rate (76%) (76 percent ) |
HR BBS: 106.9 |
Elevation percent: 13.4 |
The percentage of barrels is 17.2 percent (17.2 percent ) |
Global/Facebook Rate: 1.0 (1.0) ISO: 34.2 percent |
ISO: 34.2 percent (34.2 percent ) During the 2019 season, Jorge Soler enjoyed a breakout season.
What happened to make things different?
The percentage of contact increased from 65 percent to 70 percent.
Sure, there may be some regression, but Soler has finally made his way onto the fantasy terrain.
a 47 percent hard hit rate that was verified by a 50 percent 95MPH+ rate.
That being said, his HR/FB percentage of 29 percent is not sustainable; but, a rate in the 22-24 percent area is.
The HR Distance is 400 feet (3) |
HardHit percent: 47.4 percent |
Average Velocity: 91 km/h (2.3) |
Barrels as a percentage of total: 15.5 percent (9.9 percent ) |
Outs, hits, and mistakes are all recorded in the Batted Ball Event Log for all Batted Ball Events.
A hard-hit ball will not always result in a favorable outcome, but because the defense has less time to react, the batter’s chances of reaching base are better when the ball is hit hard.
Fammil Reyes (Fammil Reyes): What we appreciate about Reyes is the high level of customer service.
His 407 yard distance and 106.4 BBS are impressive, but his 31 percent HR/FB percentage is more likely to be in the 25-27 percent range in the long run.
The positive aspect of the situation should be the RBI total, which appears to be underappreciated in 2019.
HR Distance: 407ft(-1)|
Contact Rate: 65 percent (-4 percent) (1.5) The hard hit percentage is 47.3 percent.
(3.1 percent ) |
Percentage of elevation gain: 9.5 (2.7) |
EYE: 0.30 (0.00) |
He posted a.788 OPS with 29 home runs despite playing in every game for the Oakland Athletics last season, but it was still a significant improvement over his previous season.
His OPS has improved significantly from the previous season, which was.896, and he is presently batting.896.
The RBI count in 2020 is projected to have several positive consequences.
Contact Rate: 75 percent (1 percent)|
HR BBS: 104.8(-0.5)|
Avg Velocity: 92 mph |
Percentage of elevation gain: 18.3 (0.5) |
Human Resources/Financial Accounting percent: 24 percent (8 percent ) |
There is a lot of upside potential in BA as his.
BABIP for 2019 is 0.259.
74 percent of those that contact us do so because they want to (-2 percent ) 403 feet is the distance between the HRs (-9) The following numbers are for the HR BBS: 105.6(-2.5)|
Average Velocity: 92 km/h (0.3) |
Barrels as a percentage of total: 12.6 percent (2.9 percent ) The ratio of human to Facebook is 22 percent (8 percent).
ISO: 23.1 percent |
The 17 percent K percent and 10 percent BB percent indicate a hitter who understands his zone, and he has the potential to be a breakthrough candidate if he begins to elevate his game in 2020.
Prospect Central Analysis – He now lacks lift, which is a major weakness.
Yandy is capable of playing a number of different positions effectively.
With the addition of a little pop, he might earn 400 or more at-bats, hit a dozen home runs, drive in a decent number of runs, and generate a reasonable amount of RBI while maintaining a positive batting average.
With some position qualities (MI), this is beneficial; however, it is just borderline in others (3B) and completely absent in others OF.
Long-term success will be determined by whether or not his GB rates are reduced and whether or not he introduces some lift into his game.
Keston Hiurahit is a fictional character created by author Keston Hiurahit.
Assuming an AVG of.290 or higher and power of 35 or more home runs as well as 15-20 stolen bases, this translates to a first-round talent.
When you look at Hiura’s underlying abilities, there is a lot to admire about her (8 percent BB, 44 percent Hard, 38 percent FB, 91 mph EV, 15 percent Barrels).
His ability to make contact in the minors has been demonstrated, but his O-swing percentage and Contact percentage in the majors are both below league average.
Hiura is a second-round prospect that is expected to go much later than that in 2020.
2019 BABIP: 0.402(0.402)|
HR Distance: 402ft(402)|
HardHit percent : 44.2 percent (44.2 percent )|
Elevation percent : 16.0(16.0) (16.0) |
HR/FB percent : 24 percent (24 percent )|
He’s was phenomenal after the break, hitting.333 and slugging.
With more flyballs hit in the second half, a 33rd ranking in exit velocity, and continued contact rate improvement, Davis might have another gear in him.
– sdombroske |
His 23 percent HR/FB rate plays more like an 18-19 percent rate in 2020.
BABIP for the year 2019 is 0.355.
Approximately 75% of those who contact us do so because they are interested in working with us (2 percent ) |
HardHit percent: 41.6 percent (9.2 percent ) |
Elevation percent: 10.6 |
Barrels as a percentage of total: 11.4 percent (3.3 percent ) |
Global/Facebook Rate: 1.6 (-0.2) ISO: 22.0 percent |
ISO: 22.0 percent (17.1 percent ) We owe a debt of gratitude to our creator and chief statistician, Anthony Perri, for developing and maintaining our Player Projections model.
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