How to Swing a Baseball Bat
Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation Even though the pros on ESPN make it appear simple, baseball is a challenging sport that demands extensive training, muscle memory, and hand-eye coordination to excel at. Beginning with the proper batting technique, on the other hand, can set you up for success later on down the line.
- Line your legs and feet up beneath your shoulders and keep them there. Your feet should be at least shoulder width apart, if not somewhat wider. Your feet should be parallel to one another and squarely beneath your shoulders when you are standing. Assuming you’re right-handed, you’ll want your left side to be facing the pitcher, with your head pointing in the direction in which the ball will be coming from. If you’re left-handed, the right side will be the one you’ll be using. Above all, your position should be comfortable for you to maintain.
- Resting your weight on the balls of your feet will make your movements more rapid and your posture more dynamic.
- 2 Keep your knees bent at all times. Bend your knees and sink your heels into the balls of your feet for a more comfortable position. Don’t hunch or stoop too low
- Keep a little spring in your knees and hips to avoid becoming fatigued. A lower center of gravity will aid in the generation of force in your swing as well as the stabilization of your body during batting.
- It is critical to maintain a firm, solid stance in order to avoid losing your equilibrium. Make sure you’re not sticking your buttocks out or allowing your upper body to lean too much.
- s3 Place your back foot firmly on the ground. Keep both of your feet firmly planted on the ground until you’re ready to begin swinging your club. As a rule, the more stable your stance is, the more force you’ll be able to generate when driving from the feet up. Initially, you will take a little stride forward with your front foot and twist your rear foot to follow through, but up until you make contact with the ball, both feet should be locked in place.
- It is important that your weight be placed very little over your rear foot in order to prepare you to step into your swing later on.
- 4 Maintain a relaxed and ready state of mind. Relax your muscles and get ready to move your entire body in a single, fluid movement. Tense muscles cause your actions to become unpredictable, and your speed and precision diminish as a result of your tension. Shake out your shoulders, hips, and ankles before taking the field to face the opposition. Remind yourself to keep your body open and poised rather than bunching up
- According to sports study, athletes who are comfortable move far more quickly and smoothly than those who are not.
- In sports study, it has been discovered that athletes who are calm move considerably more quickly and smoothly.
- According to sports study, athletes who are calm move considerably quicker and more smoothly than those who are not.
- 2 Position your knuckles in a straight line. Your fingers should form a single continuous row running down the length of your bat grip. As you swing the bat, the bat will change in your hands, and both hands will naturally turn on the handle of the bat. Make use of the pressure of your fingers to keep the bat stable, but avoid gripping it too firmly.
- For those who find it uncomfortable to grip the bat with the tops of their knuckles aligned, rotating your hands inside until your middle knuckles point in the same direction may be a better option. This is referred to as a “box grip.”
- 3 Allow the bat to hover just over your shoulder blades. Instead of putting the bat flat across your back, slant it upwards at an inclination over your shoulder to provide more leverage. Keep the bat lifted off your shoulder, ready to be swung into the strike zone. If any portion of the bat touches your back, neck, or shoulder, you should stop using it immediately.
- You should be holding the bat at a 45-degree angle, or little more or less than 45 degrees. If there is already some muscle tension in the bat, it is much simpler to get into the swing immediately. If you’re trying to move the bat from a complete stop, your swing will be far more slow.
- 4 Maintain a straight line with your body. Concentrate on keeping your center of gravity over the bottoms of your feet, and your toes, knees, hips, and shoulders all in alignment. Keep your chin pointed toward the mound in order to keep your attention on the ball at all times. Once the ball is within striking distance, you will erupt and uncoil from this posture.
- Whenever any portion of your body deviates from your linear stance, you will experience a loss of speed, power and control.
- 1 Start with a simple step to develop your strength and effectiveness. Once the ball has been released from the pitcher’s hand, step out with your front foot only a fraction of a step. When you step, only shift your foot 2–3 inches (5.1–7.6 cm) at a time, and be cautious not to lose alignment or tension in your core. When you add directional force to the action of the hips and shoulders, you will be able to improve the power of your swing.
- While walking, take care not to lose your balance or fall over. The step should be swift and short, and it should put you in a position where you can strike the ball with a firm foundation.
- 2 Begin the swing with your hips, not your shoulders. Rotate the hips in a single swift action to generate forward momentum for the swing. When you swivel, avoid allowing your hips to wobble or move out of harmony with the rest of your body. If you are a right-handed hitter, you should spin your hips counterclockwise, and if you are a left-handed batter, you should move your hips clockwise. The hips are where the majority of the force in a good swing comes from.
- It is recommended that the hips initiate the swing, with the shoulders following soon after. A large number of injuries occur when players attempt to “muscle” the ball with a twisting motion of the shoulders
- For example, Try to maintain your upright position while rotating to avoid falling off your axis.
- 3 Keep your eyes on the ball at all times. Throughout the swing, keep your chin down and your head held low to the ground. The ball should be in your line of sight at all times, from the start of the pitch through the point at which the bat makes contact with the ball or you strike out, whichever comes first. Maintain your concentration and prepare to timing your swing. Due to the fact that you will be leaned over and somewhat bent at the waist when ready to bat, it is beneficial to lower your chin to maintain your head in line with the rest of your body.
- 3 Maintain focus on the task at hand. Throughout your swing, keep your chin down and your head held low. The ball should be in your line of sight at all times, from the start of the pitch through the point at which the bat makes contact with the ball or you strike out, whichever occurs first. Maintain your concentration and prepare to pace your swing. Because you will be crouched down and somewhat bent at the waist when ready to bat, lowering your chin will assist you in keeping your head in line with the rest of your body.
- 4 Make a swinging motion with your shoulders. Bring your shoulders across your torso, following the contours of your hips, and hold for a moment. Maintain your composure until the ball is struck by the batter’s bat. Every part of the body should uncoil like a spring, starting with the feet and moving up through the hips and finishing with the turn of the shoulders.
- During the first half of the swing, the shaft of the bat should be held tightly in place. As a general rule, the greater the distance between the tip of the bat and the body, the less leverage you have
- 5 Complete the task to bring it to a close. Continue to drive the bat through the swing until the bat is stretched over your opposing shoulder after you have struck the ball. It is important that at the finish of your turn, your upper body is facing the pitcher. A solid follow through will increase the amount of pressure on the ball, allowing it to fly out of the park.
- It is important to follow through to make the most of rotational momentum, which stops the ball’s forward progress and sends it back with as much force as possible. Following through with the bat, some players like to maintain both hands on the bat, but others prefer to release their top hand and let the bat to continue swinging like a backhand. You should experiment with both approaches and choose whatever seems most comfortable to you.
Create a new question
- Question What can I do to improve my hitting? Baseball Coach and Instructor Isaac Hess is the founder of MADE Baseball Development and Champion Mindset Training Program, a baseball training program in Los Angeles, California. Hess has also worked as a professional baseball player and coach. Isaac has more than 14 years of experience coaching baseball, and he specializes in private classes and competitions for young athletes. He has experience playing baseball in both professional and collegiate divisions, having played for teams such as Washington State University and the University of Arizona, among others. Isaac was rated as one of Baseball America’s top ten prospects in both 2007 and 2008, and he was named to the All-Star team in 2007. In 2007, he graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Regional Development from the University of Arizona. Baseball Coach, Baseball Instructor, Baseball Expert AnswerYou can help wikiHow by unlocking this expert response. Pay attention to the following typical swinging mistakes: casting, lunging, and dipping. In swinging, casting occurs when your hands get disengaged from your body during the movement of your arms. As a result, your swing loses strength, and it becomes extremely difficult to square up the ball, causing you to hit weak ground balls rather than line drives as a result. Lunging occurs when you are not on time, like as when you are misled by a slow pitch that is too fast. You will normally drop your hands when you lunge, and the ball will rise to your feet. When you dip, you’re moving up to the ball a lot more than you should. That will result in a high number of swings and misses, as well as pop-ups and foul balls
- Question the process I’m a young lady who enjoys playing softball. Is it necessary for every team to win a game? It’s more enjoyable to win than it is to lose. Perhaps, on the other hand, you’re the sort of person who just enjoys playing and isn’t concerned with winning or losing in particular. To be honest, that’s a really healthy attitude to any sport
- Question I can hit a fastball with ease, but I struggle to hit breaking balls and changeups. Is there a method to tell how fast the ball is moving without touching it? It’s just a question of getting used to it. Veteran hitters have developed a keen sense of the speed of the ball as soon as it leaves the pitcher’s glove
- Question Which arm is the source of your strength? The majority of persons have a dominant hand or arm that is much stronger than the other
- What should I do while facing a fast-pitch pitcher? Swing a bit early in the batter’s box than you would with a slower pitcher, and position yourself a little further back in the box
- What distance should I stand from the base and where should my forward foot be aligned with the base? If you’re wondering about your batting stance at home plate, you should stand close enough to the plate so that your bat can cover the whole strike zone when you swing. When it comes to your front foot, it all depends on whether you are anticipating a fastball or a curve. If you believe a fastball is on the way, you should scoot back to the batter’s box (toward the catcher). If you anticipate a curve, try to position yourself as far forward in the box as possible. If you’re not sure what to anticipate, take a position immediately opposite the plate and ask questions. In Part 3, it appears like the hitter is gripping the bat incorrectly, and the left-handed swing appears to be incorrect. I am a left-handed person. You are absolutely accurate. The hands are positioned incorrectly in the first illustration of Part 3. Right-handed hitters position their right hand on top of their bat, whilst left-handed batters do the reverse
- I’m having trouble swinging level
- Can you assist me? You have the ability to swing level. Repeat the process as many times as necessary. You aren’t even required to be at home plate while you are putting in work. Do it on a regular basis until it becomes second nature to you. Moreover, if you’re hit by a pitch that comes in below your waistline, you’re not going to want to swing level anyhow
- Question I’m a novice who is just getting started, and I’m having trouble figuring out where left center is. In the outfield, this is the area in the middle of the field between straightaway left field and straightaway center field. Question To swing level, I was constantly told. What does this mean, and is it correct? Swinging level refers to moving the bat in a straight line parallel to the ground. Swinging hard and level frequently yields in a line drive, which is frequently followed by a hit.
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- Make improvements to your timing in order to have a better understanding of when to begin your swing. If you wait until the ball is deep in the pocket and almost even with your body, your swing will have the maximum force. Batting gloves should be used to reduce the tension caused by the bat’s vibrations and to avoid unpleasant blisters. In order to improve your accuracy, you should consider going to a batting cage. Maintaining your focus on the ball and improving your hand-eye coordination will be facilitated by the repetitive motion of striking balls that are fed to you by a machine. Increase the amount of strength and conditioning workouts you do as part of your practicing regiment. The ability to bat with greater force comes from increasing upper body strength. Swinging with your head down is recommended. It will assist you in keeping your body in the correct position
- Regularly practice your batting methods in order to raise your overall game to the next level.
- When you’re hitting, you should rely on good mobility. An injury can occur if you swing too forcefully from the shoulders or employ bad technique
- Avoid letting your follow through get so strong that it causes you to lose your equilibrium. Maintain a tight and controlled spin
- Be on the lookout for wayward golf balls. Getting struck by a pitch may be painful
- Make sure the space around you is clear before taking a swing. Other players can occasionally be found in close proximity to the action.
About This Article
Summary of the ArticleXIf you want to correctly swing a baseball bat, make sure you are standing comfortably with your feet shoulder-width apart. Make sure that your dominant hand is just above your non-dominant hand when you grip the bat towards the bottom of the bat. Hold the bat just over your dominant shoulder while you wait for the pitch to hit you in the face. To swing at the ball, move forward with your non-dominant foot and swing the bat as hard as you can while still maintaining control of the bat over the ball.
Continue reading to find out more about grip and swing technique.
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a little about the author: Doug Bernier has been a professional baseball player for 16 years, having played for the Colorado Rockies, the New York Yankees, the Pittsburgh Pirates, the Minnesota Twins, and most recently the Texas Rangers. Because there are so many various setups and stances, there are many different methods to hit a baseball with a bat. However, as a batter reaches the contact point, all of the variances disappear and just the absolutes and similarities remain. Compare the stances of Johnny Damon (who uses his legs to propel himself forward) and Albert Pujols (who uses his arms to propel himself forward) with those of David Eckstein (who uses his legs to propel himself forward, chokes up, and stands very close to the plate).
Once the pre-pitch rhythm, leg kicks, and all of the other movement that is based on personal choice are removed, you will discover that they are quite similar to one another.
Great hitters all perform the same thing when they reach to the contact point of their swing, no matter how they get there.
How to hit a baseball – The 7 absolutes of a good swing
On a perfect swing, every excellent hitter will do these seven actions. In some cases, depending on the pitch, it may not be possible to hit all seven balls in a row. We must remember that hitting is a war, and that using your athletic ability to hit a ball will occasionally triumph over all of the excellent technique we will discuss.
1. Hitting against a firm front side.
On a perfect swing, every excellent hitter will perform these seven things.
There are occasions when, depending on a pitch, it is not possible to reach all seven goals on the same occasion. We must remember that hitting is a struggle, and that using your athletic ability to hit a ball can sometimes outweigh all of the precise technique we will discuss in this section.
2.Have your back foot on its toe
On a perfect swing, every excellent hitter will perform the following seven things. In some cases, depending on the pitch, it may not be possible to hit all seven notes every time. Keeping in mind that hitting is a war, there are instances when your athletic ability to hit a ball will outweigh all of the excellent technique we will discuss.
- This is one guideline that may be applied significantly differently depending on the sort of batter you are
- This is one guideline that may be applied differently based on the sort of batter you are
- Although you may be familiar with the phrase “squash the insect,” this is not what we are searching for. When you “squash the bug,” you enter your rotation too soon and have a greater chance of losing control of the ball. It also pushes your bat path to be in and out of the zone, which is important while hitting because the idea is to keep that bat in the zone for as long as possible. The ability to land on your toes lets you to direct your full swing toward the ball rather than away from it. It will assist you in using the weight shift and rotation in conjunction with one another, which is perfect. This appears to be a pretty minor issue, yet it has the potential to completely derail your swing. The ability to initiate the swing with your backside, rather than utilizing your front side to bring your back side through, will result from getting onto your back toe. Although it doesn’t appear to be much different, dragging your backside through the zone has a significant negative impact on your bat path through the zone. When you are on your toe, your weight shift will begin by driving your back hip towards the baseball, which should put your back foot in the proper position. If you watch hitters make contact in slow motion, you will notice that many of them will be on their toes or even a little off the ground (this is due to a powerful leg drive), and then quickly they will be down on the ball of their foot, looking like they are “squashing the bug.” Keep in mind that this only applies during contact
- Once the ball has left your bat, your foot may perform a different function. Although it appears that most batters do not reach their back toes when watching in slow motion, the majority of hitters do so.
Some powerful pull hitters are able to forgo this phase entirely. Guys who go close to the plate and seek to pull may occasionally simply spin their bodies. If you want to drive the ball the other direction, you will need to have excellent timing or be able to get off your rear in order to do so successfully. The ability to hit like this is really tough, and if you don’t know what you’re doing, it may cause a lot of gaps to appear in your swing. Additionally, their batters will occasionally fail to rotate on their back foot, which is largely dependent on the pitch.
However, if you look closely, you will note that these batters truly push their back knee to the ball (unless they are struggling and are tricked by a pitch), so it is the same principle; they simply do not rotate their back side completely through the ball.
3.The hands are in a palm up, palm down position.
If you pulled the bat away from a right-handed batter upon contact and asked him to open his hands, his right hand should be pointing straight up towards the sky (or towards the money) and his left hand should be towards the earth (or towards the money). This bat grip is the most powerful position you may be in while making contact with another player. Announcement*** Do you require striking drills? a total of 20 exercises and videos This booklet is part of a larger endeavor to support the hundreds of pages of free baseball training available at PBI.
4. Head on the ball.
For example, observing the ball at the point of contact. This may seem clear, yet it is not straightforward. Understanding how to bat a baseball begins with understanding how to perceive the ball. How to become a more effective baseball batter – Seeing the Baseballexplains the significance of this topic in further detail, as well as providing some suggestions for improving your ability to see the baseball.
5. The Your back knee, back hip and head should be in a straight line.
Stick a rod in the ground through your knee, hip, and head and rotate your body around that pole as an example of one idea. This guarantees that you are neither too far forward, where you would lose power, nor too far back, when you will become tangled up and have an upward erratic swing.
6.Your head should be right in the middle of your feet.
Consider it a triangle, and draw three lines between your head and your two feet. A triangle is an extremely powerful structural item that may be employed in a variety of purposes, such as construction (roof joists etc.) As a result, your body will be in the strongest possible posture while you are in a powerful triangle.
Additionally, it allows you to spin around an axis with little to no head movement.
7. Top arm is bent
In an ideal situation, you want your elbow firmly planted against your side. This is the area in which you are most effective. Your elbow should be as near to your body as possible so that you can generate greater torque when spinning. While straightening your elbow, the further it moves away from your body, the more power and leverage you lose, and the more strong the force of the baseball is working against you. I hope you have found this essay on the 7 Absolutes of How to Hit a Baseball to be informative and beneficial.
— Doug et al.
Full-color drawings, a free video demonstration of each practice, and the Personal Drill Helper to assist you in diagnosing and correcting swing faults are all included in this book of batting drills.
More tips on How to Hit a Baseball:
—-Return to the list of all free hitting training articles and videos
- One of the most important aspects of the baseball swing is rhythm. Hitting philosophy and line-up, batting drills, two-strike hitting, and the best wood bats are all discussed. Choosing between Maple and Ash for your child’s first wood bat
Baseball Bat Grip and Angle
- Your bat speed will increase as a result of this. By increasing the amount of whip you use, your entire body will become more relaxed. When you make contact with the ball, your bat will be in a better position.
- Because of the speed of the ball, if you don’t have a firm hold on the bat, the bat will actually slow down or bounce off the ball when it makes contact with the ball. This obviously leads in less effective contact
- You should be able to drive the baseball through the strike zone.
- If you are tricked by a pitch, your hands will be able to make modifications to ensure that you are in the best possible position
Proper bat grip
Put the handle in your bottom hand and the other end of the handle on the ground in front of your front foot to start with. This small maneuver can help to establish a minor angle for your bat, which will aid in getting you a little more whip with your wrist. 2.Your index finger from your bottom hand should be bent over the baseball bat handle, but it should be kept distinct from the other three fingers from your bottom hand that are wrapped around the handle. Your knuckle should be pointed up the barrel when you’re shooting.
The second knuckles down your fingers should be about aligned with one another.
As the swing advances, your grip will naturally tighten up until impact, at which point the bat grip will be at its most powerful.
- All you have to do now is concentrate on grasping softly as you prepare to begin your swing. In most cases, your upper body will be just as calm as your grasp, and it’s important to remember that the more relaxed you are before an explosive action, the more explosive it will be.
How to be in the strongest grip position possible
- With both hands gripping the handle, move your hands to the point where you would make contact. Look at your hands for a moment. If you hold your bottom hand in a downward position and your top hand in an upward position, you have the strongest position. It is important that when you open your hands, they are both parallel to the ground. You will notice that when you make contact with the ball your grip will naturally become tighter, and your top hand thumb will prevent the bat from being knocked backwards.
As soon as you have completed the separation phase of your swing and your hands are cocked back and ready to launch forward, the angle at which your bat is held may reveal a great deal about your hitting style. Bat Angle 1 – S traight up and down from the top of the bat (perpendicular to the ground)
- It will take a bit longer for you to get to the baseball during the rear half of your swing. Naturally, you’ll have a small loop in your swing
- This is normal. This stance has the potential to generate more power because the increased length in the rear half of your swing allows you to create a larger area in which to build your bat speed.
Bat Angle 2 – Lying down on the ground (parallel to the ground)
- The distance between you and the ball will be reduced in the rear half of your swing. A more direct path to the ball will be available to you. Because your bat is traveling a shorter distance, you will not create as much power.
Option 3 — A mix of the first and second options
- The majority of individuals employ an angle that is somewhere between straight up and laying flat
- This is known as a 90-degree angle. How well you manage the baseball bat and what sort of hitter you are are both important factors in this decision.
Doug Bernier, the founder of Pro Baseball Insider.com, made his Major League debut with the Colorado Rockies in 2008 and has since played for five different organizations (the Colorado Rockies, the New York Yankees, the Pittsburgh Pirates, the Minnesota Twins, and the Texas Rangers) over the course of his 16-year professional baseball career. He has experience at every infield position in the Major Leagues and has played every position on the field professionally, with the exception of catcher.
Doug departed from professional baseball after 16 years and went on to work as a Major League scout for the Colorado Rockies for two years after his retirement. Doug works as the Data and Game Planning Coordinator for the Colorado Rockies at the present time.
How to Swing a Baseball Bat Correctly (11-Step Guide)
It may appear like learning how to swing a baseball bat is a straightforward undertaking. You simply pick up the bat by the handle and swing it as hard as you possibly can, and that’s all there is to it. Many of the professionals make swinging a bat appear to be a piece of cake. A bat appears to be second nature for them, and it should be for us as well, shouldn’t it? It is important to remember that these experts have put in years of effort to learn how to swing a baseball bat and to become proficient in this discipline.
However, swinging a baseball bat in the proper manner to offer you the best chance of making strong contact is an altogether different story.
Using this method, you will learn how to swing a baseball bat in 11 stages, which may be split down into three sections:
How to Swing a Baseball Bat
When it comes to swinging a baseball bat properly, getting into the appropriate posture is critical. When hitters come up to the plate, you’ll see that they have a variety of stances and styles to choose from. In general, though, they adhere to a set of guidelines that are uniform across the board. A good starting point for this is to place your feet around shoulder width apart from each other, or perhaps slightly further apart. Positioning them too close together or too far apart will not provide you with the necessary balance and strength.
To face the pitcher, your opposite side should be facing him (for example, your left side front if you’re a right-handed pitcher, and vice versa).
Once you’ve found your ideal posture, you’ll want to rest your weight on the balls of your feet.
Step2: Bend Your Knees
By bending your knees, you should be able to sink your feet into the ground. You don’t want to be in a complete crouch, like a catcher will be, because it will be dangerous. However, you want to be able to spring out of your stance by activating your hips and knees, so you want to keep your center of gravity as low as possible.
Step3: Set Your Plant Foot
You will use your rear foot as your plant foot when you take your stance. You want to make sure that this foot is firmly planted in the ground. This will assist you in maintaining a solid stance, which will allow you to create greater power during your swing. With your front foot, you will take a little step forward as you begin to swing the club. In addition, you will be rotating your rear foot in preparation for the follow through. Maintain control of your feet until your bat makes contact with the baseball, keeping in mind that you want to keep both of them in place.
Once you’ve got yourself in this position, remember to take it easy. It will be more difficult for you to move in a flowing motion if you are very tight. As a result, your ability to produce power and make contact will be adversely impacted.
This will happen at the same time as you’re getting your body ready in the batter’s box and preparing to hit with the bat. Once you get it down, you may work on it on the sidelines during practice until you are confident. Place the bat’s handle over the eight fingers on each of your two hands to begin (minus the thumbs, of course). Afterwards, take your fingers and wrap them around the baseball bat. When holding the bat, avoid holding it in the palms of your hands. Performing this action will prevent you from correctly rotating your wrists throughout the swing.
Although you can raise your hands somewhat (a technique known as “choking up”), avoid getting your hands too high on the handle.
right hand on top of left hand for right-handed hitters).
Step5: Line the Knuckles Up
When you wrap your fingers around the bat, be sure that the knuckles on all of your fingers are lined in a straight line across the top of the bat. This will allow the bat to move naturally when you swing it, while your hands naturally spin the handle of the bat. Don’t hold on to the bat too tightly. It is possible to alter your knuckles a little bit if this location of the bat is not comfortable for you. It is critical that you feel comfortable with the bat in your hands; else, your swing will be unsuccessful.
Step6: Position the Bat
Ensure that the knuckles on all of your fingers are aligned in a straight line as you wrap your fingers around the bat. Consequently, when you swing, the bat will shift as a result of your hands automatically twisting the handle. Take care not to overgrip the bat. The knuckles of your hands can be adjusted to make this posture more comfortable for you if this one isn’t for you. In order for your swing to be effective, it is critical that you feel comfortable when gripping the bat.
When you wrap your fingers around the bat, be sure that the knuckles on all of your fingers are lined in a straight line across the bat. This will allow the bat to shift when you swing it, with your hands naturally twisting the handle. Keep your grip on the bat loose. The knuckles of your hands can be adjusted to make this posture more comfortable for you if it isn’t pleasant for you. It is critical that you feel comfortable with the bat in your hand; else, your swing will be unsuccessful.
Step8: Twist Your Hips
The importance of understanding that the majority of the force from your baseball bat swing will originate from your hips cannot be overstated while learning how to swing a baseball bat. When you’re swinging, you should twist your hips to the side. This will provide you with all of the momentum you need to complete your swing. Maintain good alignment of your hips with your body as you begin to rotate, and avoid allowing your hips to become misaligned with your body while doing so. If you’re right-handed, your hips should move counterclockwise, and if you’re left-handed, your hips should move clockwise.
Your hips are extremely vulnerable to injury if they are not used appropriately.
Plenty of golfers get “core” muscle problems when they attempt to produce a lot of force in their swing by just moving their shoulders around from side to side. This will place an excessive amount of strain on your hips and central core of your body.
Step9: Eyes on the Ball
This is perhaps one of the most well-known quotes in the sport of baseball. Throughout your swing, you want to make sure that your gaze is fixed on the baseball from the beginning to the conclusion. You want to keep your gaze fixed on the ball throughout the whole game. You’ll want to keep your gaze fixed on the pitcher before and during his windup. Then, as soon as the pitcher releases the ball from his hand, catch it up and follow it all the way into your bat as you swing and make contact with the ball.
This will assist you in keeping your head in good alignment with the rest of your body during your swing.
If your eyes are not level, your perspective may be thrown off, making it more difficult to concentrate on the baseball.
You may repeat this exercise over and over again to discover how different pitches travel toward you in different directions.
Step10: Shift Your Shoulders
While moving the bat to make contact with the ball, you should swing your shoulders out across your body to make contact. They should spin in the same direction as your hips. Make certain that you do not stiffen up during your swing once again. You want your body to operate like a spring, so that it will uncoil as you swing, starting from your feet and moving up through your hips and shoulders to your head. During the initial part of your swing, you should also maintain the shaft of your bat close to your body.
Step11: Follow Through
Once you’ve made contact with the ball, you shouldn’t take your foot off the gas. Your swing should be carried through to its conclusion entirely. This is referred to as the follow through, and it is quite similar to the follow through that you would do while throwing a baseball. Your swing should come to a close when the bat is stretched out over the opposing shoulder of the batter. At the conclusion of your swing, your upper body should be facing the pitcher. This motion will provide you with all of the power you require to properly drive the ball.
It’s possible that once you’ve perfected the swing, you’ll prefer to only use one hand on the bat.
To learn how to swing a baseball bat properly, you must go through a three-step procedure that includes taking your stance, grasping your grip, and then swinging it. If you follow the techniques outlined above, you will be well on your way to mastering the art of a strong and effective swing. It is clear while watching a professional baseball game that players will make little adjustments to each phase in this process, as seen by the numerous variances that can be observed. As a starting point, refer to the stages outlined above as a complete guidance.
You can next make minor tweaks if any of those stages do not seem fully comfortable to you at that point. Having a comfortable swing is the most crucial factor. In this case, it will be difficult for you to maintain regular and forceful touch.
How to Swing a Baseball Bat – Complete Hitting Mechanics
Sportscasters on big television networks often portray baseball as a simple sport, although this is not always the case. From fielding a position to throwing a baseball with accuracy, to swinging a piece of wood or composite material in order to contact with a little item, every facet of the game is studied with the goal of reaching excellence. There is a substantial quantity of information available that teaches people how to swing a baseball bat. The batter’s full hitting mechanics, as well as his ability to accomplish each stage of the physical act of swinging, are what ultimately determine his success.
Hitters must respond swiftly and have strong reflexes in order to be effective.
It is necessary to master the three primary components of swinging a baseball bat, which are as follows: adopting the ideal batting posture, properly grasping the bat, and refining the mechanics of your swing.
The Batting Stance
As players progress through the game, beginning with Little League and progressing through high school and college, hitting the baseball becomes increasingly difficult. This is primarily due to the fact that pitching arms become stronger and pitchers are able to do much more with a pitch than they were able to do when they were smaller. Batting practice in high school exposes batters to pitchers who are capable of more than just throwing the ball harder. Pitchers who are older and more experienced have also mastered a variety of various pitches and have had years of experience facing a wide range of hitters and situations.
- The right foundations of a baseball swing take time and effort to learn and maintain; yet, if you put in the effort, you may develop into a consistently decent, if not great, hitter.
- To put it another way, an above-average baseball batter with a.250 batting average is quite similar to an above-average musician.
- Years of discipline, hardship, and perseverance will pay off in the long run, allowing you to go from being an average hitter to an amazing one in the process.
- It will become second nature in due course.
- You only have a limited amount of time to react.
- Your body will be aware of all of the appropriate movements and will be able to execute them in a fraction of a second.
Your feet, your hands, and your head are all important factors in hitting a home run. In order to expect to hit better, you must first learn to move them properly and in conjunction with one another.
Your Feet in the Batter’s Box
Your feet are responsible for helping you maintain your balance during your swing. Maintaining balance throughout the swing, from the start to the end, is important to your ability to monitor the fast-moving ball as it approaches the plate with accuracy as it reaches the plate. Your batting posture should be one that is comfortable for you. You want to be as far away from home plate as the length of the baseball bat plus the length of your arm is from the other side of the plate. When you’re in the batter’s box, reach out with the bat and see whether the fat end of the bat can touch the other side of the plate to determine the distance.
- Your feet are responsible for allowing you to maintain your balance during your swing. To be able to monitor the fast-moving ball precisely as it reaches the plate, you must maintain your equilibrium from the start of the swing until it is completed, which is important. A comfortable batting posture should be taken. You want to be as far away from home plate as the length of the baseball bat plus the length of your arm is in distance from the other side. When you’re in the batter’s box, reach out with the bat and see whether the fat end of the bat can make contact with the plate on the other side. if the bat contacts the other side of your body, you’re positioned in the correct location
It is common practice to use the term load to refer to the point at which you shift your weight to the back foot and tighten your body shortly before you take the swing. When the back knee and back shoulder are in line, the load comes to a halt. Move carefully and come to a complete halt immediately before releasing the bat and swinging at the target.
Keep your Knees Bent
Bend your knees now that your feet are in the proper place. Avoid bending over or stooping too low. Make sure your knees and hips have a little spring in them. A lower center of gravity will assist you in generating force in your swing and will also aid to keep your body in place while you are swinging. Make sure not to thrust out your buttocks or to lean too far forward with your upper body. Don’t try to imitate the posture of certain major league players at the plate, despite the fact that you may observe them doing so.
With enough repetition and drill practice, your body will become accustomed to its own true batting stance and feel comfortable in it.
How to Grip a Baseball Bat in your Hands
You’ll notice that when you grasp the bat correctly, several aspects of your swinging mechanics come into place at the same time. Your bat speed will increase, and your body will become more relaxed. When you swing, you’ll be able to push the baseball further through the strike zone. Your hands will be able to make fast changes to be in the greatest potential position if you have the proper grip on the bat. If you make a mistake tracking a pitch, you’ll be able to recover more quickly if you have a strong grip.
- Many aspects of your swinging mechanics come into place at the same time when you hold the bat correctly. In addition to your bat speed becoming faster, your body will become more relaxed. When you swing the baseball, you’ll be able to drive it farther into the strike zone. It is feasible to make quick modifications to the location of your hands on the bat if you have the proper grip on the bat. Having a solid grip will let you to recover more quickly if you don’t track a pitch correctly the first time. These methods will help you get the best handle on the bat and ensure that you don’t lose control.
You should also practice acquiring the proper grip on the bat by gripping it with your bottom hand just above the knob on the handle. To begin, grab your upper hand and wrap your fingers around it before gripping it tightly. Remove your lower hand and simply grip it with your upper hand for the time being. Slowly swing your top hand in a practice swing to get a feel for it. Next, grab your bottom hand and wrap it around the bat by the palm of the hand. Your hands are now grasping the bat with both of them, but it is critical that the upper hand grabs the bat with your fingers rather than your palm.
One way to ensure that your top hand is grasping the bat correctly is to release your bottom hand and point the bat straight up towards the sky with your top hand alone.
Make a shaky motion with the bat. Having the right grip on the bat is demonstrated by your ability to whip it. If the bat does not whip, modify your grip such that the bat is gripped by the fingers of your top hand rather than the palm of your hand, as shown in the picture.
How Can I Get a Strong Grip on the Bat?
Workouts for the forearms and wrists have been developed to help you strengthen your wrists and improve your gripping abilities. Following these instructions on a daily basis will assist you in holding your baseball bat tighter and more securely. Bucket of Rice This exercise is designed to strengthen your finger extensions.
- It has been designed to help you strengthen your forearms and wrists while improving your grasping skills. These exercises can help you hold your baseball bat tighter and more securely over time. Buckets of Rice In this practice, you will work on extending your fingers.
Exercise with a Dumbbell
- Grab a pair of dumbbells and go to work. Walk roughly half the length of a football field, or 50 yards, to get your bearings. As you walk, use your forearms to simulate a piston action by moving them up and down around 45 degrees.
Crawl on a plate
- Take hold of a dinner plate and wrap both hands around the rim of the plate
- Turn the plate in a clockwise motion using your hands, starting at the center. Circumambulate the plate as many times as possible
- Flip directions and go around the plate for another 30 passes
- Now switch directions again.
Keep your Hands Back
It’s important not to extend your arms or push your hands forward as soon as you start moving your hands toward the ball. Maintaining your hands back at the start of your swing allows you to generate significant amounts of energy with your legs and core before bringing your hands through the ball. When you make contact with the ball, your eyes should be able to “see” the bat strike the ball. You should hit through the baseball, which means that your bat speed should be at its maximum right before contact.
Swing Mechanics and Bat Position
Keep your body in a straight line as you prepare to swing as you prepare to swing. In order to maintain proper posture, your center of gravity should be located above your feet. Maintain proper alignment of your toes, hips, knees, and shoulders. If you tilt your head toward the pitcher’s mound, you’ll be able to maintain your eyes on the ball from the moment it’s launched. Keep your eyes on the ball at all times to avoid being distracted. You may release your power from this posture, and it will uncoil whenever the ball is within striking distance of your bat.
Swinging and Hitting the Ball
How and where to set your feet, how and where to bend your knees, and how to hold the bat correctly have all been discussed. The first three components of a batter’s swing mechanics are as follows: In less than a second, the entire process of swinging the bat, starting from behind your head, traveling across the front of your body, and eventually making contact with the ball is completed. The whole chain of actions from your feet up to your calves, up your knees and hips and finally into your arm and shoulder is coordinated into the exact bat movement from start to finish in that split second.
- There is no such thing as a duplicate.
- In general, though, the best hitters appear to choose the least difficult of the available options when hitting.
- Your stride, like your batting stance, is another part of your swing mechanics that is unique to you as a player.
- They take a step forward towards the pitcher.
- Additionally, their wrists are almost as high as their shoulders, allowing their front arms to remain flexible.
While going through their swing, these batters land lightly on the inside of their front foot on the inside of their front foot.
Swinging and Proper Weight Distribution
It is critical to consider how you distribute your weight. When you step forward, you should transfer your weight smoothly and fluently from inside of your rear foot to inside of your front foot. Your swing should begin at the ground and go upward, with the power being transmitted into the bat. Concentrate on how you are positioned. Consider the way you swing through as you stride and transfer your weight forward in your step. Your weight should be transferred from your rear leg to your front leg, while your hands should stay at your sides.
Be physically aware of your body motions from the time your bat makes contact with the ball, starting with your stance and through through your stride and, eventually, the shifting of your weight.
Watch your motions as they pass through these crucial regions, and note how much force you are able to generate with your swing.
How Do I Increase my Bat Speed?
There are only a few straightforward actions you may take to increase the pace of your swing.
- It is better to hold the baseball bat in your fingers rather than in your hands. The more you slide your hands from the tips of your fingers to the palms of your hands, the slower your bat speed will become. Take a look at your hands to make sure that the bat is exclusively held in your fingers by your top hand. Holding the bat at a small angle away from your body is recommended. Your swing will be slowed down if the bat is gripped too close to your body
- This is called a close grip swing.
Consider the situation when you are carrying a hammer in one hand. Consider the act of hammering a nail. Watch your wrist and forearm movements and take notice of how the hammer moves away from your body and that you are not gripping the hammer with the palm of your hand but rather with the tips of your fingers. This is the same way that you would handle a baseball bat with your hands in the same situation.
Bat Barrel Tilt
One hand should be free while the other should be holding a hammer. Think about pounding a nail into a wood plank to demonstrate this. Watch your wrist and forearm movements and take notice of how the hammer moves away from your body and that you are not gripping the hammer with the palm of your hand but rather with the fingers of your hand. Using your hands, grasp the baseball bat in the same manner as you would a bat in baseball.
Mental Decision to Swing
When you’re at the plate, contemplate your state of mind as you wait for the pitcher to finish his pitching motion and throw. Are you unsure whether or not you will swing the bat? Are you keeping your eyes peeled for the pitch to arrive? In reality, fastballs coming in at 80 miles per hour at the high school level are really difficult to catch up with. At this point, a hitter must trust his instincts and decide whether or not to swing before the pitcher pitches the pitch. Now that you’ve made the decision to swing, your thoughts have become perfectly apparent.
While hitting the baseball, remember that it is easier to obtain a hit when you don’t think about what sort of pitch will be thrown at you. When your thoughts are clear, the only thing that remains is to achieve your goal of hitting a base hit.
Batting (baseball) – Wikipedia
The term “Hitter” redirects to this page. See Alfons Hitter for further information on the German World War II commander. Batting is the act of going up against an opposition pitcher and attempting to generate offense for one’s side in baseball. A batterorhitter is a person who is facing the pitcher when it is their turn to do so. The three primary aims of hitters are to become a baserunner, to drive runners home, and to advance runners along the bases in order for others to drive them home; however, the approaches and strategies they employ to accomplish these goals differ from one another.
Hitting is distinct from other sports in that it includes rotating in the horizontal plane of movement, as opposed to most other sports actions, which occur in the vertical plane of movement.
Here is where you may get more information on “Hitter.” ALFONS HITTER is a German World War II commander who was born in 1902. Batting is the act of going up against an opposition pitcher and attempting to generate offense for one’s side in the game of baseball. It is the batter’s or hitter’s turn to take the field against the pitcher. Among hitters’ three primary objectives are to become a baserunner, to drive runners home, and to advance runners along the bases in order for others to drive them home.
In baseball and other bat-and-ball sports, the motion of hitting is almost unique, and it is only seldom seen in other sports, such as golf or tennis.
Success in batting
Because it entails striking a small round ball that is normally travelling at great velocity with a thin round bat, batting is sometimes considered as one of the most difficult accomplishments in sports. It is really regarded successful to hit in three out of 10 at bats, giving him or her abatting average of.300 (pronounced “three hundred”) and therefore earning the designation of “successful batter.” SinceTed Williams’.406 batting average at the end of the 1941 season, no batter has had a season average more than.400, and no batter has ever had a lifetime average greater than.367—Ty Cobb’s.3664 batting average.
On-base plus slugging (OPS) is a statistic that is considered to be a more accurate measure of a player’s ability as a batter in modern times; this statistic combines the player’son-base percentage (a percentage of their plate appearances where the batter gets on base) with the player’sslugging percentage to produce an overall score (an average of total bases with at-bats).
An on-base percentage (OPS) of at least 1.000 is believed to be indicative of a truly great batter. Few batters have ever achieved an OPS of 1.000 or higher throughout the course of their careers, and this is especially true of the outfielder position.
The approach taken by batters at the plate varies from one to another. Some batters are aggressive, typically swinging at the first pitch they see (as pitchers often attempt to throw a first-pitchstrike). While some are more patient, they aim to work the pitch count in order to watch all of the different sorts of pitches that a pitcher would employ. They also attempt to tire out the pitcher by forcing him to throw numerous pitches early in the game. Most of the time, contact hitters are more aggressive, swinging at pitches that are within the strike zone, whereas power hitters may lay off borderline strikes in order to receive a pitch that they can drive in runs for additional bases.
Every baseball player has a certain warm-up regimen that they follow in order to prepare for batting practice. At the amateur level, warming up before a game is typically done as a team effort, with the goal of assisting the hitter in getting into the proper mentality to hit the ball well. The “Tee Drill” is the most well-known of these drills, in which you hit a baseball off a baseball tee and remedy any mistakes you made during earlier games or sessions. The “on deck circle” also has a variety of hitting equipment, all of which are utilized during warm-up to attempt to boost the batter’s bat velocity.
- Weighted warm-up devices are often utilized because players believe that warming up with heavier bats will help them enhance bat velocity since after warming up with a heavier bat, the standard bat seems lighter and they believe they will be able to swing it quicker with the normal bat.
- When performing heavy warm-up loads, the neural system is stimulated, allowing for greater muscular activation during lighter bat swings.
- After attaining near peak contractions, this hypothesis proposes that muscular contractions get stronger as a result of the increase in force produced.
- However, other studies shows that the impact is psychological rather than physical, and that the greater weight may also serve to strengthen the muscles of the forearms and wrists, resulting in increased bat velocity as a result.
The line-up, also known as the batting order, is a list of the nine baseball players on a team, listed in the order in which they will bat throughout the course of the game. During the game, the only option to alter the starting lineup is by replacement; batting out of turn is not permitted during play. Once the ninth person in the lineup has finished batting, the first person in the lineup goes up to bat again; this is known as the top of the batting order. Lineups are created to make production runs more efficient.
In the end, though, all hitters are striving to score runs for their respective teams.
In order to keep the game moving at a steady pace, the next batter due up waits to take his turn in a circle (either physically marked or imagined) between his team’s dugoutor bench and thebatter’s box.
This is referred to as being on deck, and the circle is referred to as theon deck circle, and the circle is known as theon deck circle. In baseball, the guy in the batting order who comes after the on-deck hitter is referred to as the hole.
Types of hitters
- An organization’s line-up, often known as its batting order, consists of a list of the nine baseball players who will bat for that organization during a given matchup. Changes to the starting lineup must be made by replacement
- Hitting out of turn is not permitted during the game itself. Once the ninth person in the lineup has finished batting, the first person in the lineup goes up to bat again
- This is known as the top of the lineup. Lineups are created to make manufacturing runs as efficient as possible. They may be put in different sections of the lineup depending on their abilities as hitters. Of course, when it comes down to it, all hitters are aiming to score runs for their respective clubs. At bat, at bat, or up to bat refer to the player who is now on the field in a game (shortened toup). A circle (either physically marked or imagined) between his team’s dugoutor bench and thebatter’s box is used to keep the game going at a steady pace, and the next batter due up is referred to as being on deck, with the circle being known as theon deck circle. “The hole” refers to the person who comes into the batting order following the on-deck hitter.
History of the bat
Baseball players used to make their own bats back in the day when the sport was first being started. Players were able to experiment with different forms and sizes of bats as a result of this. Soon after, players realized that the greatest bats were ones with rounded barrels, and they flocked to buy these. Wood bats are uncommon at most levels, with the exception of the professional ranks. The vast majority of wood baseball bats nowadays are produced from northern white ash, which is harvested in Pennsylvania or New York and used in baseball bat manufacturing.
The trees that furnish the lumber for baseball bats are frequently more than 50 years old, and only the top ten percent of all the lumber collected is used to make professional baseball bats.
The use of rock or sugar maple bats is recommended.
Types of bats
Beyond the Louisville Slugger, there have been a plethora of different styles of bats used throughout the history of baseball.
|Player and Event||Type of Bat Used|
|Barry Bonds sets all-time home run record||Sam Bat|
|Mike Piazza breaks all-time home run mark for catcher||Mizuno Corporation|
|Sammy Sosa hits 500th home run||Easton (BRG Sports)|
|Mark McGwire sets single-season home run record||Rawlings (company)|
|Babe Ruth hits 3 home runs in one game||HillerichBradsby|
Since the advent of aluminum baseball bats in the 1970s, baseball has evolved at every level of competition, with the exception of the professional level. Aluminized baseball bats are both lighter and stronger than wooden baseball bats. When a baseball hits an aluminum bat, the trampoline effect that happens causes the ball to travel substantially further than it would if it were struck by a wooden bat. Because of the growth in power of composite and alloy bats, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the National Federation of High Schools (NFHS) have enacted more strict guidelines against the usage of composite and alloy bats.
Since the advent of aluminum baseball bats in the 1970s, baseball has evolved at every level of competition, with the exception of the professional league. Wooden baseball bats weigh more and are less durable than aluminum baseball bats. When a baseball hits an aluminum bat, the trampoline effect that happens causes the ball to travel substantially farther than it would if it were struck by a wooden bat. Given the rise in power of composite and alloy bats, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and the National Federation of High Schools (NFHS) have implemented more strict regulations barring the use of these bats.
The NFHS intends to complete the revision for the 2012 season.
- A mill worker inserts each split log onto an automated lathe, which spins the wood while shaving the rough edges off the wood. For the second time, the billets, as they are now known, are tested for straightness of grain. Six-sided bundles of billets are formed by stacking and strapping them together. Workers apply a preventive preservative to the ends of the wood to prevent it from fraying or decaying. It is then transported to the lumberyard of a bat maker. The billets that arrive at the lumberyard are termed “green” wood because they still contain sap and gum, which is why they are used to make baseball bats. It is necessary to remove the sap and gum from the wood before it can be strengthened by an air-drying process known as “seasoning.” It takes anything from six months to two years to season the billets properly
- Once the billets have dried fully, they are weighed and examined to ensure they are of the highest possible quality. Each billet is placed on an automated lathe, where it is shaped into a crude baseball bat form with a narrower neck by a skilled technician. Afterward, the bat forms are sanded and thoroughly examined once more before being sorted according to weight. The bat maker maintains a model of each bat produced, which is often recognized by the baseball player who placed the first purchase. When a player or a team submits an order, the order may look something like the following: Six Johnny Bench models, ten Hank Aaron models, and four Mickey Mantles models are produced in the company, and the employees who construct the final product are referred to as bat turners. They are highly talented artisans that have received specialized training in order to do the complex task. A billet is selected from the storage bin when an order is placed by the bat turner to meet the weight and length requirements of the order. An exact reproduction of the model bat is put on a rack above and behind the lathe, and the billet is slowly revolved on the lathe by a bat turner until it is an exact replica of the model bat is achieved. Every 1-2 inches (2.54–5 cm) or so, the bat turner measures and weights the billet, repeating the process until the billet is correct. The bat is embossed with the company’s logo as well as the signature of the player who is affiliated with the particular model. Approximately one-quarter of a turn away from the sweet spot, the trademark is shown. If the order specifies that the bat be stained, the bat is immersed in a staining vat. Once this is completed, all of the bats are varnished, put into boxes, and transported to the player or team.
- W.P. Eben and colleagues (2006) published “Multimode Resistance Training to Improve Baseball Batting Power” in the journal Sports Medicine. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.28(3): 32–36.doi: 10.1519/00126548-200606000-00005
- Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.28(3): 32–36.doi: 10.1519/00126548-200606000-00005
- Phillip Mahony’s abBaseball Explained, published by McFarland Books in 2014. See the archived version of this page from January 13, 2014
- “Career LeadersBatting Average Records” is a collection of records compiled over a period of time. Sports Reference LLC is a sports information company. “13 Baseball Hitting Drills That Put POWER Behind Your Swing”, which was retrieved on April 6, 2010. Baseball Hitting Drills That Work. The 23rd of May, 2016. Archived from the original on May 23, 2016
- “Dirx Warm Up Bat”.Schutt Store
- “Pitchers Nightmare.” “Pitchers Nightmare.” “Pitchers Nightmare.” On October 1, 2017, an archival version of this article was published: “Power Fins”. C. DeRenne et al (April 2009). Baseball weighted implemented training: A brief review, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 31, no. 2, pgs. 30–37, doi: 10.1519/jscr.0b013e31819d3396.S2CID43652893
- In February 2011, Szymanski, D.J., published “Effects of Various Warm-up Devices on Bat Velocity of Intercollegiate Baseball Players” in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.25(2): 287–292.doi: 10.1519/jsc.0b013e318202e31e.PMID21240027.S2CID52801138
- In 2012, Szymanski, David published “Effects of Various Warm-up
- Montoya, B.J., et al., Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 199–205, doi: 10.1519/jsc.0b013e31821b7cde.PMID22201694.S2CID3515725
- (2009). In 2005, the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research published an article titled “Effect of Warm-up With Different Weighted Bats on Normal Baseball Bat Velocity.” The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research published a paper by Reyes, Francis (2009) titled “Acute Effects of Various Weighted Bat Warm-Up Protocols on Bat Velocity.” doi: 10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181a3929e.PMID19593220.S2CID35607047 (February 1, 2002). In this study, the researchers investigated the “After-Effects of Using a Weighted Bat on Subsequent Swing Velocity and Batters’ Perceptions of Swing Velocity and Heaviness.” Perceptual and Motor Skills.94(1): 119–126.doi: 10.2466/pms.2002.94.1.119.ISSN0031-5125.PMID11883550.S2CID25117394
- “Baseball Basics: Lingo.” Perceptual and Motor Skills.94(1): 119–126.doi: 10.2466/pms.2002.94.1.119.ISSN0031-5125.PMID11883550.S2CID251173 MLB.com. Obtainable on April 27, 2014
- Major League Baseball.
- Jessica Quiroli is the author of this article (October 20, 2011). “A new study by a Delaware University professor demonstrates that hitting, rather than pitching, is more valuable.” Baseball Digest is a publication dedicated to the game of baseball. The original version of this article was published on October 24, 2011. Obtainable on October 21, 2011
- “The Batter” is a term used in the Major League Baseball Official Rules.