How To Throw A Sinker In Baseball

How to Throw a Sinker: The Definitive Guide in 2021 – Grips, Drills & More

For pitchers, throwing a sinker may be a complicated and stressful experience. The pitch is tough to learn, and there are many misconceptions about how to perform well in it. However, if you’ve come to learn how to throw a sinker, I’ll send you on your way with a slew of questions and answers. What is the proper way to throw a sinker? The most important thing to remember is to pick a grip that permits the ball to be angled slightly inward. Some sinkers soar in the air and acquire their movement from a notion known as “seam shifted wake,” which was popularized by baseball researcher and physicist Barton Smith in the 1970s.

There are a few misconceptions about 2-seamers, including the difference between them and sinkers.

Check out my bookPitching Isn’t Complicated if you’re searching for a terrific pitching resource that delves into this idea and many others.

If you require pitching drills, please see my video on extensive pitching drills here.

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Myth1:The Sinker Grip You Use is Crucial

When it comes to throwing a sinker, there is a common notion that the grip is quite crucial. Consider a pitch-grip to be similar to a saw. Plant the saw in the hands of a group of high school students in shop class and watch them create bird homes and other miscellaneous objects of interest. A carpenter, on the other hand, will use a saw to construct a house for you. Consider Zach Britton’s sinker in the image below if you’re not sure what one looks like. His grip is the same as any other pitcher’s, yet his sinker is incredible (which supports my claim that the grip isn’t a significant impact in his performance).

No matter if you’re a minor leaguer or a Major Leaguer, the fundamentals are the same.

There are minor differences between each, but the manner in which the pitch is delivered is by far the most essential component.

A majority of grips are in effect organically chosen for since spin on each pitch is what counts most.

How to Throw a Sinker like Zach Britton

Zach Britton, who throws the most unhittable sinker on the earth, discusses why the grip he employs to throw his All-Star grade sinker does not work for most men in this brief video.

Other variables contribute to his success, including his grip and the distinctive method he tosses. With this comment, he is PERFECTLY CORRECT.

So, Which Grip Should I Use?

Continue reading; we’ll go over this in more detail later.

Myth2:A Sinker Is Different Than a Two-Seamer.

A two-seamer is defined as a pitch that runs (with arm-side lateral movement) and does not change direction while in the air. The term sinker, on the other hand, is used to describe a two-seamer that has strong sinking action. The sinker is essentially a two-seamer in design. If it sinks significantly, it is referred to as a sinker. If this is the case, we simply refer to it as a two-seamer. This is an odd convention, but the fact is that there is no different between the two pitches in terms of our goal to throw them, since every pitcher wants his two-seamer does both runs and sinks in the same at-bat.

The Two Seamer is NOT A Solution for Every Pitcher

Two-seamers are sometimes praised by coaches, and the general consensus is that they are valuable for all pitchers to have on their staff. Quite the contrary, most pitchers who attempt to throw a sinker or two-seamer will receive very little movement, and when this happens, they are far better suited throwing a four-seamer. Pitchers should experiment with two-seam fastballs and sinkers, to be sure – but if a pitcher is unable to make the pitch move after extensive coaching and repetition, the pitch should be abandoned in favor of a four-seam fastball.

Finally, if you want to learn how to throw a sinker that produces actual results, following a step-by-step procedure is essential to your success.

Why A Sinker Sinks: What You Need To Know.

It will have reasonably “clean” backspin (spin about one axis) at the angle of your arm slot if you throw the pitch with all of your pressure squarely through the middle of the baseball. Consequently, there will be some arm-side run, which is a fantastic consequence. It may result in a little amount of sink, but it is unlikely to be significant. This will essentially result in the production of a two-seamer. It is necessary to provide some finger pressure to the inside edge of the baseball, “pronating” ever so little as the ball leaves the finger tips, in order to achieve the heavy sinking motion (this is what distinguishes a sinker).

This will assist the ball sink more quickly.

Lower Spin Rate = More Sink

A greater spin rate (measured in revolutions per minute) on a four-seam fastball indicates that the ball resists gravity more effectively, resulting in more fly balls and swings and misses. This occurs as a result of the brain of a batter making an inaccurate prediction about where the ball will land, predicting mistakenly that it will land lower than it really does. As a result, he swings underneath the ball, either popping it up or completely missing it. A slower spin rate implies the hitter’s estimation will be higher than the pitch, which results in him hitting the top portion of the baseball, which is exactly what we want with a sinker.

Because of the lower spin rate, it does not defy gravity and falls at a faster pace than a fastball with a higher backspin.

Angled Spin Axis = More SinkRun

Throwers with lower arm slots may more readily generate run and sink because the ball will naturally come out of the hand without the usage of 12/6 backspin, which is more difficult to generate. As you can see in the shot below, the “backspin” that Sale will generate will be oriented more like 10/4 rather than 12/6 or 11/5. (for him as a lefty). Because its spin axis is not parallel to the earth, it is unable to withstand the pull of gravity (more on this below). In situations where the spin axis is not parallel to the ground (as in a lower arm angle), backspin cannot provide lift on the ball because the spin is not directly opposing the angle at which the ball will fall as a result of gravitational attraction.

As a result, because this slanted backspin does not assist in lifting the ball, it sinks even more.

Should you decrease your arm-slot solely to improve the performance of your sinker?

Sinker Tip 1 | Tinker Then Settling on a Good Grip

Decide on a grip. Throw it a lot to a trustworthy catch partner, gather feedback, appraise, and then experiment with a new grip until you find one that works. The video below is an excellent place to begin. Our first myth discussed how grip isn’t really significant. It is important to note that grip does crucial in the sense that you must choose a grip that permits YOU (the individual snowflake that you are) to successfully complete the objective of making the ball sink. Which grip will allow you to execute this the most effectively?

Sinker Tip 2 | Getting to the Top of the Ball

We spoke about how angled spin may assist reduce the total spin rate, which results in less lift on the ball and causes it to sink more quickly. Getting your fingertips slightly inside the ball, however, is necessary in order to impart this angle of spin to your shots. However, the idea is to avoid having to do it consciously and instead to let the grip to do it for you. Learn how to use a grip that suits your natural throwing action and that places your hand closer to the inner of a baseball when you toss it.

The vast majority of amateur pitchers find it difficult to reach the top of the ball and force it downhill on an optimal downhill plane toward the plate.

Catch, flat-grounds, and bullpens are all critical situations in which you must concentrate intensely on feeling for the top of the baseball. If you want to learn how to play better catch, I recommend that you read this post.

Sinker Tip 3 | Finishing Hard With a Full Follow-Through

Many pitchers have a tendency to leave a bit on the table by not completing all of their pitches completely. When throwing the ball, it is critical to accelerate the arm at 100 percent through the release – do not aim, direct, or push the ball — throw it 99-100 percent as hard as you possibly can. Babying the pitch means you’ll throw it with less velocity and less spin than you would otherwise. But wait a minute, don’t we want our spin rate to be reduced? Yes, but not because we took it easy on ourselves.

Sinker Tip 4 | Moving the Chest and Torso Toward the Plate

In addition to the obvious benefit of using our entire body instead of just our arm to transport our arm toward the plate, we avoid overstressing the arm by transmitting force from the legs to the torso, then to the arm and hand, and finally to the plate. A notable illustration of this is Pedro Martinez, who drives his body forward toward the catcher. Ineffective use of the torso, which means standing more upright than necessary during release, causes pitchers to leave velocity on the table and compensate by spinning and rotating more than they should.

Performing this action will make it far simpler for the pitcher to send his hand to the top and inside of his delivery in order to produce the necessary spin.

If you’re having trouble learning how to throw a sinker, don’t forget about your mechanics — they’re a critical element of the equation, and the drills listed above can assist you.

Sinker Tip 5 | Feel it, Get Good FeedbackThrow it Often

The “feel” of your sinker is essential since it is the point at which you make contact with the baseball and where it exits your fingers. In order to develop feel, you must throw the ball a lot in warmup, practice, and bullpens. Also necessary is a solid catch partner who can provide you with feedback on your efforts. In other words, it implies letting you know which one is nice and which one isn’t that good.

No pitch can be developed without two crucial components:

  1. High repetitions — doing things over and over again while maintaining a high degree of concentration
  2. Concentrate on how the pitch feels as it leaves the fingertips. Obtaining input from a dependable source
  3. And

Basically, you need to toss it again and over and over again to someone who can tell you when it sinks more or less, or when it looks good or awful, or when it sinks more or less. Then, when they offer you feedback, you mix that with how the pitch felt as it left your hands, and you strive to mimic the feeling of a good sinker while avoiding repeating the experience of terrible sinkers as much as possible. That is the procedure, and it is not glamorous in any way – it requires patience, concentration, and meticulous attention to detail.

Seam-Shifted Wake: What Is It and Why Does it Matter?

Barton Smith, a baseball researcher and physicist, has advanced the aerodynamic idea of seam-shifted wake (SSW) to the forefront of baseball pitch flight study.

Listen to the audio below for further information on this subject, since SSW pitches have distinct movement. When it comes to baseball geeks, the podcast episode linked above is a must-listen for you to enjoy. Take a look and discover what’s new in the realm of pitch aerodynamics.

More Pitching Resources

Want to learn more about pitchers’ mechanics and other pitches? Look no further. You’ve arrived at the correct location: Get a copy of my pitching book by clicking on the link below:

  • This is the BEST article I’ve written about pitching mechanics–every step of the delivery
  • A Curveball, a Nasty Changeup, a Slider, and a Nasty Changeup are all examples of pitching techniques.

This is the BEST article I’ve written about pitching mechanics–every step in the delivery. A Curveball, a Nasty Changeup, and a Slider are all examples of pitches you can learn to throw.

How to Throw a Sinker FAQ

To throw a nice sinker, you must first get a firm grip on the rod. Your index and middle fingers should be close together and somewhat on the inside of the ball while you’re holding the ball. The one-seam grip, in which two fingers are positioned on top of a single seam, is the most effective. A minor pronation of the fingers and hand will occur on the inside of the ball, generating a slightly skewed or diagonal spin that will cause the ball to sink and not resist gravity as well.

How does a sinker work?

Sinkers do not have backspin when they are oriented up and down, which makes them more resistant to gravity. Sinkers, on the other hand, are slanted with spin added to the inside of the ball, which means that the ball will not fight falling back to earth as much as a fastball with good, pure backspin would.

What’s the difference between a sinker and a slider?

A sinker is a fastball variant that features a small armside movement–referred to as “run”–as well as a sinking action on the outside. It is a sort of breaking pitch in baseball that travels toward the pitcher’s gloveside of the plate with diagonal break and advances toward the batter’s side of the plate.

Is throwing a sinker bad for your arm?

Nope! It’s no worse than any other sort of fastball in terms of effectiveness. In accordance with ASMI research, fastballs are the most stressful pitches to throw because of their high velocity; nevertheless, there is nothing about a sinker that makes it more stressful than any other pitch. As with your usual fastball, throw it with confidence and remember that pitching is inherently risky and injurious–take excellent care of your arm, don’t pitch too much, and check out the ASMI/MLB Pitch Smart page for additional information on keeping your arm healthy.

What is a sinker pitch?

A sinker is a fastball that moves downward and sinks in the strike zone. This fastball is thrown at the same velocity as a four-seam fastball, but it normally comes out a little bit slower, by around 2-3 percent. Sinkers are excellent at inducing hitters to hit the top-half of the pitch, resulting in a large number of ground balls and double plays that are easy to field. Sinkers assist a pitcher in keeping the ball in the ballpark, as ground balls are never turned into home runs at the highest levels of the game.

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Thank you for taking the time to read this! Coach Dan is a former football player who turned to coaching after being fired from his previous position.

How to Throw a Sinker

Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation A sinker is a type of baseball pitch that causes the ball to descend toward the earth as it approaches the hitter. While only a tiny movement toward the end of the throw is involved, this may easily throw the hitter off their game and result in an easy groundball for your side.

By understanding the proper grip, posture, and method of releasing the ball, you can polish your sinker and cause batters to miss over and over again on your pitches.

  1. 1Take the ball and place it in your dominant hand. A sinker’s ability to maintain a firm grip is critical, so make sure the ball is comfortably in your dominant hand. Keep the area of the ball where the seam narrows together facing outwards, since this will be utilized to assist hold the ball in place when it is being rolled. Ensure that both sets of seams are visible. 2 Hook your index finger over the seam that is closest to you. The seam along the baseball will provide you with a bit extra grip while you are holding the ball, which will aid you in creating the proper sort of spin when you are throwing the ball. Your index finger should be wrapped around the seam that is closest to it
  • For right-handed people, loop your index finger along the seam on the right side of the seam. If you’re left-handed, it should be along the left seam
  • Otherwise, it should be along the right seam.
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  • s3 Insert your middle finger between your index and middle fingers. When pitching, your middle finger will be the primary point of pressure, thus it should be placed near the centre of the ball. Hook your middle finger around the ball by pressing it next to your index finger and around the ball.
  • In order to obtain the optimum leverage, your middle finger should always be kept along the top of the ball.
  • 4 With your thumb, grab the bottom of the ball and pull it up. To acquire a tight grasp on the ball, wrap your thumb around the bottom of the ball. In order to maintain the ball balanced in your hand, your thumb and index finger should be aligned vertically with one another.
  • Feel free to experiment with different grips as you become more comfortable with it. This is technically the greatest grip, but for you it will be the one that feels most natural to your hand. Try moving your fingers about until you find a position that is comfortable for you
  1. 1 Position yourself in your typical throwing posture. Sinkers are fastballs with a tiny twist at the end, therefore you should pitch from your typical pitcher’s posture while throwing one. Standing with your feet shoulder width apart and your knees bent and your upper body relaxed is a good starting point. Make sure that your body is aligned with the batter’s such that your non-throwing arm is oriented toward the batting plate
  • Keep the ball and your grasp on it secret until you’re ready to toss it, and then release it. Knowing how you hold your bat may give the hitter a heads-up and take away the element of surprise required for a good sinker.
  • 2 Aim for the batter’s belt with your pitching. The sinker should appear to be a more difficult ball to hit until the very last second, when it begins to rapidly drop toward the ground and becomes difficult to strike. The batter’s waist or belt area should be your target when you toss the ball to ensure that it has enough room to sink without striking the ground.
  • Try not to make it clear where you’re targeting the ball, just like you would on any other pitch. As a result, you may find yourself giving the batter a free run at bat.
  1. 3Start the process of winding up. Consider taking a tiny stride to the side and shifting your weight to the rear foot while you lift the front knee to keep yourself balanced. As you shift your weight toward the batter, quickly lean forward and transfer your weight from your rear leg to your front leg
  2. 4 Turn your torso in the direction of the batter. The strength of your pitch will be significantly increased if you pivot your torso and follow through with your chest. As you prepare to toss the ball, twist your torso so that your back is facing the batter. Keep your gaze fixed on your intended target as you release the ball and execute the follow-through motion. Advertisement
  1. 1 Sling the pitch over the top of the plate. You want to rotate your arm high and bring it down till you release the ball as you move your arm forward to throw the ball. In order to increase the spin on the ball after it is thrown, you should posture your arm in this manner.
  • When throwing the ball in this manner, use caution since excessive rotation in your shoulder or arm might result in damage. If you get soreness anywhere along your throwing arm, you should refrain from throwing a sinker for a few days.
  • Continue to maintain a strong grasp on the ball. You must keep control of the ball until you toss it, or you will lose control of it. Maintaining a tight grip will provide you with a great deal of control, as well as allowing the ball to spin more when released.
  • While it is important to grasp the ball securely in your hand, just your fingers and thumb should be used to do so. In the event that you push the ball against your palm too hard, you run the danger of creating friction on the ball and decreasing the amount of spin you can generate.
  • 3Pressure should be applied with your middle finger. In contrast to a fastball, which should have its ultimate direction determined by your index finger, a sinker should have its final direction determined by your middle finger As you throw the ball, keep your middle finger on the top of the ball and make sure the ball exits your hand via your middle finger rather than your thumb or index finger. 4 As you let go of the ball, make a tiny twisting motion with your hand. When you release your sinker, rotate your hand slightly in order to generate the best topspin possible. This is referred to as pronation, and it should appear as if you are pouring something out of the ball between your index finger and middle finger
  • Pronation should occur as a result of the natural rotation of your hand, which should occur while you attempt to keep your middle finger exactly on top of the ball. Make these two motions work in tandem in order to produce the greatest throw possible.
See also:  What Does Fps Mean In Baseball

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  • When is the greatest moment to toss it, you might wonder? When the batter is least expecting it, or if the batter prefers the ball to be hit high in the air. You should throw a sinker in order to fool the hitter
  • Question What is the best way to get horizontal movement? Trevor Gentry is a member of the community. Answer More lateral movement. You could also want to think about improving your release point. Try guiding your pitch with your thumb forward, as if you were making a circular shift. Question What pitch is the most effective at setting up the sinker? The fastball is a type of pitch that is quick and powerful. Question What would it look like if I throw it in the air? The sinker will appear to be a fastball at first, then it will just drop
  • What age do you think I should be to throw this pitch? Will there be any bad side effects from using it? The age at which you should toss a sinker isn’t specified. It does place a significant amount of pressure on your arm and wrist since all of the motion is contained inside your wrist and all of the velocity is contained within your upper arm. It is beneficial to learn how to throw more advanced pitches so that you can become accustomed to throwing them
  • A greater range of pitches is preferable. Question Is it possible for me to learn how to throw a sinker despite the fact that I have never played baseball before? (I’m 15 years old.) Yes, I had never played a single day of baseball until I began high school, and I was the ace pitcher my second year of participation. Question: It simply takes a little practice, and the more you throw, the better your sinker will get
  • Is it possible for me to be a sidearm and throw a sinker? Yes, this is really preferable since the pronation of the wrist is more natural in relation to the arm slot
  • Question and Answer Is it possible to make it drop without using topspin? Yes, using a knuckleball as a weapon. It should be held like a fastball, with the tips of your fingers resting on the laces. You don’t want to toss the ball
  • Instead, you want to push the ball away. What age group should be considered acceptable for attempting this pitch? Any age, however you may want to wait until you’ve gained more expertise with fundamental throws before trying it. Question Is it beneficial for my arm to throw a sinker every now and then? As long as you throw the sinker in the manner in which it is intended to be thrown (like a fastball), you should be OK.

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  • As with any throw, repetition is the key to success. Begin by practicing the action necessary for a sinker at a modest pace, before increasing the speed to produce more topspin on the ball
  • And Always check to see if the ball has rolled off your index finger and then your middle finger before continuing. Keep the pitch from being thrown too high, or else it will not sink
  • As you practice, don’t be hesitant to experiment with different grips and movements. Whichever sinker is most comfortable for you will almost certainly be the best sinker
  • Request the assistance of a buddy who will observe your practice and provide criticism on your technique and toss. Additionally, you may set up a camera to film your throws so that you can review them afterwards.

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  • When practicing, take care not to strain or injure your arm or shoulders. If you experience any discomfort at any point throughout the pitch, stop immediately and seek medical attention.


About This Article

The sinker is pitched by gripping the ball in your dominant hand with the narrow section of the seam facing up and hooking your index finger over the seam that is closest to you. Place your middle finger next to your index finger along the top of the ball, and then wrap your thumb around the bottom of the ball to complete the motion. Get into your typical pitching posture and aim for the batter’s belt region when you’re ready to throw a pitch. Start by pivoting your body toward the batter, and then raise your arm high and press it down, clutching the ball until you release it while twisting your hand.

Did you find this overview to be helpful?

Did this article help you?

Welcome to the second installment of our “How to Throw” blog series! In this essay, we’ll explore the distinctions between two pitches that frequently overlap with one another and explain how to design each pitch differently based on the sort of movement you’re attempting to produce.

Sinker / Two-Seam FB Overview

Sinkers and two-seamers, in addition to four-seam fastballs, are the other members of the fastball pitch type family. Sinkers and two-seam fastballs have extremely similar pitch characteristics, despite the fact that sinkers and two-seam fastballs are distinguished by their diving and arm side movement. Both pitches may be thrown with high speeds and significant quantities of sidespin. These two pitch archetypes are differentiated by the fact that sinkers will frequently exhibit stronger diving action when compared to a two-seamer, which retains lift in the same manner as a four-seamer but also contains a distinct element of arm side run.

Since sinkers and two-seamers have so much in common in terms of grip types, we have combined their grip types in our database into one comprehensive list for categorization purposes.

Gripping a Sinker or Two-Seam FB

Our most frequently used grip, denoted as “FT 1,” is used around 75% of the time, according to our records. Here is an illustration of what I mean: We have discovered that many athletes utilize “FT 1” for both sinkers and two-seamers, but the most prevalent distinguishing factor is how the grip is employed during release to produce the desired movement. However, before we get into that part of the game, we’ll need to talk about how to grip the ball. In the GIF above, we can see that the index and middle fingers are being strained onto both seams, and this is instantly apparent.

In the same way, two fingers may be put on the seams of a sinker, however you may choose to shift the index finger slightly inwards depending on your personal choice.

Most pitchers either place their thumb squarely below the ball or slightly off-center, as is customary for them.

Similar to this, the ring finger is put on the side of the ball to assist in maintaining control, while the pinky finger is totally removed from the ball. The following grips have been included at the conclusion of this post to offer you with even more alternatives to explore.

How to Throw a Sinker or Two-Seam FB

During the release, throw forcefully and concentrate on putting your index and middle fingers on top of the ball while utilizing your index and middle fingers to “roll over” to generate sidespin. The lower your arm slot is, the more likely it is that this will be easier for you. Pitchers with lower arm slots typically have a greater feel for producing sidespin since their arm is already in a more horizontal position when they release the ball. The following is a graphic representation of two pitches that demonstrate the variations in sidespin.

With two-seamers, the procedure is a little different and is mostly based on your release point.

Especially if you throw with a higher arm slot, you might want to think about introducing an element of “cut” into your throw.

When attempting to produce this form of spin, it is helpful to think of the phrase “throw around the ball.” The following is an illustration of what we mean by gyro spin: Take note of how the axis of this ball varies, such that it is no longer perfectly perpendicular to the surface of the plate.

See also:  How To Wear A Baseball Cup

This can assist pitchers in generating greater arm side run, particularly when releasing the ball from higher release positions.

Analyzing Movement

The fact that both sinkers and two-seam fastballs can fall in the same spot on a horizontal and vertical break plot should be taken into consideration. Two-seamers will have comparable levels of break both up and out for a right-handed pitcher, but sinkers will have a greater amount of break both out and down. The figure below illustrates where we would anticipate the two-seam movement of a right-handed pitcher to be seen on a Rapsodo. The two-seam fastball of a left-handed pitcher would look like the mirror counterpart of this illustration.

Additional Fastball Grips

We’ve mentioned several other grips that can be utilized further down the page. In general, our pitchers will be using “FT 1” around 75% of the time, although finger placement may always be changed to suit individual comfort levels. The four-seam fastball is similar in that most athletes will discover that leveraging both fingertips on the seams allows them to create more spin and “feel” for the pitch. As seen in “FT 2,” there are some situations in which an athlete may have more success by positioning their fingers in between the leather seams rather than wider off the seams, as shown in “FT 3.” However, the greater the distance between the two points, the less velocity and spin we should anticipate to be produced.

In other words, while we recommend that players begin with “FF 1,” we recognize that identifying grips is a personal process that necessitates experimenting with a variety of positions in order to determine which position best matches you and your approach.

If you’re interested in learning more about our Pitch Grip series or how to boost velocity, have a look at the following blogs for further information: Learn how to throw a cutter by reading this article.

Learn how to throw a slider by reading this article. Learn how to throw a curveball by reading this article. Check out How to Throw a Changeup for more information. Learn how to throw a sinker or two-seam fastball using weighted ball research by reading this article.

How to Throw a Sinker That Will Bring Batters to Their Knees

Emily is a competitive athlete who likes blogging about her training methods and sharing practice suggestions with others.

Nastiness 101

Who wouldn’t want to add another noxious pitch to their repertoire of terrible pitches? A sinker is one of the most effective methods to begin broadening your repertoire since it does not place the same kind of unusual stress on your arm as pitches such as a curveball or slider do. In understanding that this pitch will not cause any damage to the shoulder or elbow of their young pitcher, parents can rest easy knowing that their child will not have any troubles in the future. The arm action is nearly identical to that of a fastball, with the exception of a minor difference in taste.

So, without further ado, let’s get down to the mechanics of how to throw a sinker that will drive batters to their knees in submission!

Sinker Specifics

There are a variety of approaches that may be used to throw an efficient sinker. The grip of each approach is the most significant distinction between them. Let’s start with the arm motion, which is the same as it was before.

The Arm Motion

There are a variety of approaches that may be used to throw an extremely efficient sinker. The grasp of each approach is the most significant distinction between them. So let’s start with the arm motion, which is the same as before.

The Grip

It’s My Grip: The grip seen above is the one that I fell in love with and that I used successfully for over a decade. The reason I prefer that grip is that the ball spins very similarly to the standard 4-seam fastball, which means that the hitter will have a harder time determining which pitch is coming based on how the ball spins. Even though there are other grips you should experiment with when you first start learning, the classic sinker grip is taught in this video. The batter will have a better understanding of what is coming since the seams will be more obvious with the traditional grip.

Unless a ball looks to be spinning in the same direction as a fastball, the hitter will have no idea what to do with it if it ducks at the last second.

Splitter Grip: Because there are other pitches that sink, like as a splitter, the terminology may be a little misleading at times.

This is done for the sake of difference.

Which Grip Should I Choose?

If you’re trying to figure out how to throw a sinker, there are a few additional grips to consider. Try several combinations to see which one works best for you.

As long as you are able to get the appropriate movement and rotation on the ball, the ideal grip for your sinker will ultimately be determined by what is most comfortable for you and what you can control the most effectively in your hands.

It’s All About the Approach

Pitching is much more than simply tossing a baseball; it involves a variety of other skills as well. Now that you’ve learned the details of how to throw a sinker, the next step is to understand how your pitching will be perceived by others. your technique of evaluating the efficacy of your pitches With the appropriate method, you can maximize the impact of each of your pitches by throwing batters off balance and making them uncertain of what to anticipate. This is achieved by doing all in your ability to maintain the same body language and mechanics no matter which pitch you are throwing.

  • At other times, he slows down his wind-up or even speeds it up completely.
  • Because the longer you keep the batter wondering, the less confident he will be, and you can’t hit effectively if you aren’t feeling confident.
  • Bettyon Among the many other important things you may learn about Market Samurai by reading my Market Samurai Review, there is a lot you can accomplish with it on June 14, 2015.
  • On May 25, 2014, Rob MacKnight from San Diego, California wrote: Very well put up and explained!
  • When I saw the alternate grip, I had to giggle since I used to throw all of my fastballs with a no-seam grip when I was pitching for San Diego City College, and I thought it was hilarious.

Years later, my boss graciously commented that my ball moved more than everyone else’s, which was a kind way of expressing “boy, that kid definitely was wild.” I was a 20-year-old “thrower” who had absolutely no idea what I was doing when it came to “pitching.” I used to get into games and let adrenaline and inexperience take control of my actions.



Throwing A Sinker: How To Hold & How To Grip [Nasty Pitch]

A sinker is a pitch that is comparable to a fastball in appearance. However, when the ball approaches the hitter, it begins to fall towards the ground, causing ground balls to be generated. Do you want to learn how to throw an efficient sinker that will cause the hitter to whiff on the ball? Listed here is a tutorial that will assist you in learning all you need to know about filthy sinkers, from the pitch grip to the release point.

Sinker Specifics

Is it your goal to throw a sinker that is successful throughout your baseball games? You may throw the sinker in a variety of ways, but the grip you utilize is the most important factor.

Despite the differences in sinker grips, the arm action is the same in all of them. Come along with me to get a better understanding of your arm movement and the grips you may use to throw a nasty sinker.

Arm Action

Want to throw a sinker that is efficient during your baseball games? Read on. However, the grip you utilize is more important than any other factor in throwing a sinker. Despite the differences in sinker grips, the arm action is consistent. Observe this demonstration to have a better understanding of your arm movement and the grips you may employ to throw a filthy sinker.


It is a victory for a sinker pitch when the secret of how to hold the baseball is discovered. A sinker has a grip that is comparable to that of a two-seam fastball in appearance. To begin, hold the ball with your fingers slightly outward, as if you were holding a screwball. Because of the motion, there is a tiny horizontal movement to the pitch, which allows it to be placed in the pocket.

Finger’s Position

When throwing a sinker, the middle finger of your throwing hand exerts the most pressure on the baseball. As a result, you should place your middle finger in the center of the ball. Additionally, while throwing, push your middle finger adjacent to your index finger in order to hook it around the ball. Instead of placing your middle finger below the ball, place it on top of it. For a sinker to be thrown effectively, your thumb must be precisely below and between your index finger and middle finger.

Maintaining this position will assist you in maintaining a strong grasp on the ball.

Inducing the Sinking Action

To create a strong sinking movement, apply finger pressure to the inside edge of the ball while rotating the hand and forearm so that the palm of the hand can somewhat face downwards. It will aid in slowing the rate at which the ball spins as it exits the fingers. This is due to the fact that there is a combination of spins and less backspins, which causes the ball to sink in the bowl.

An Alternative Grip

Alternatively, you may grasp a sinker by putting your middle and index fingers over the baseball horseshoe and twisting them together. Also, let the thumb to rest beneath the ball, in between the two fingers, on the ball of the hand. A seldom-used pitching technique, it is a suitable choice for people who find gripping across the seams to be unpleasant. Furthermore, when the thrower employs this sort of grip, it becomes more difficult to distinguish between a sinker and a fastball pitch. When learning how to throw a sinker, you may practice with both approaches until you find the one that works best for you.

Please watch and learn how to throw a sinker like an MLB pitcher in this video: allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media” allowfullscreen “The Dark Knight Rises: What Went Wrong?” is the title of the article.

Getting in Position

After you have established the baseball holding technique, it is necessary to stand in the proper manner and posture. Here’s how to get into the best posture possible while throwing sinkers.

Pitching Stance

When throwing a sinker, take a typical pitching posture on the mound and release the ball. Allow your feet to be at shoulder width apart, and your upper body to be as relaxed as possible. Additionally, the pitcher’s knees should bend and their torso should be aligned with the hitter. This will allow the non-throwing arm to be directed in the direction of the batting surface. Likewise, keep the ball and the grip hidden until you’re prepared to throw the ball. If the hitter notices your grip, they may guess how you will throw the sinker and therefore take away the element of surprise that comes with a filthy pitching performance.

Know how you intend to grasp the ball in advance to prevent having to make many adjustments or practice while on the mound.

As an added bonus, it will assist you in keeping your grip a secret from your batter.


When pitchers are practicing how to throw a sinker efficiently, it is critical for them to understand where they should aim. When pitching a sinker, there is a substantial amount of downward and horizontal movement, which results in the ground ball. If you’re the pitcher, make the sinker appear to be a more difficult ball to hit until the last few seconds of the game, when it begins to plummet towards the earth. Aim target the batter’s belt or waist area to allow the baseball enough room to sink late in the action and keep it from hitting the ground.

Make the hitter believe that you are delivering them a juicy pitch to swing at.

Wind Up

Once the sinker has been released, it is time to start winding up the line. It is critical to maintain your composure while you wind up for the ball in order to achieve the appropriate speed and spins. To begin, take a step slightly back or on the side, shifting your weight to your back foot and stepping forward. Second, raise your knee to your chest in order to maintain balance during the operation. To finish, bend forward and move your weight from your rear leg to your front leg as you shift your body weight closer to the batter.


As you throw a sinker, tilt your body in the direction of the batter to make contact. The majority of pitchers increase the power to throw by delivering the arm towards the plate with the help of their body. Transferring power from the legs to the torso and finally to the hand forces the pitcher to use their entire body rather than overstressing their arm. In the end, remember to maintain focus on your aim and to follow through as you release the ball. Using your body improperly and standing more upright than you should before releasing the ball may result in the ball being thrown towards the table with less velocity than it should be.

  • As a result, when throwing a sinker, move your chest in the direction of the catcher.
  • As a consequence, the ball will move at the appropriate velocity, resulting in horizontal and downward movement, which will result in a sinking effect.
  • Check out this video compilation of sinkers in the Major League Baseball that are amazingly quick!
  • “Wisecrack Edition” > “Wisecrack Edition”

Characteristics of a Sinker

First and foremost, a sinker has a strong downward movement. The pitching action of the ball as it advances towards the plate is designed to generate a sinking motion. Second, a sinkerinduces the production of ground balls. Pitchers drop it between 6 and 9 inches higher than they would with a standard four-seam fastball. As a result, hitters hit ground balls more frequently than they did other fastballs as a result. A sinker is also a quick pitch, which leads some to refer to it as the sinking fastball because of its sinking action.

You will get some of the weakest contacts off the bat of your opponent batter if you learn how to throw a sinker efficiently after you have mastered it.

on how to field ground balls: allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media” allowfullscreen “The Dark Knight Rises: What Went Wrong?” is the title of the article.

See also:  What Does Fc Mean In Baseball


As a sinker pitcher, you may have a lot of questions on your mind. We’ve answered some of them here.

Is a sinker bad for your arm?

Maintain the mindset that a sinker is no different from any other type of fastball as you learn to throw it. As a result, once you have mastered the throwing technique, it is not detrimental to your arm. According to the American Sports Medicine Institute (ASMI), because of their high velocity, most fastballs, such as sinkers, place greater stress on the arm than other pitches on the hitter. Always bear in mind, however, that pitching is a potentially harmful and hazardous sport. Always remember to take excellent care of your arms and avoid pitching too much.

How do you release a sinker?

When a pitcher has perfected their grip and arm motion, throwing a sinker becomes much simpler for them. When throwing the sinkers, always toss them as though the arm is about to come over the top of the boat. As the pitcher, spin your arm upward and then lower it until you are ready to unleash the pitch. Additionally, as the thrower, select a grip that is comfortable for you. Choose the grip that feels most comfortable to your fingers and hand for the most accurate pitching. When it comes to releasing the sinker, be careful not to overdo things.

If you experience any discomfort after throwing a sinker, take a few days off to allow your body to recuperate and avoid further harm.

What age can you throw a sinker?

Curveballs are particularly risky for young pitchers, according to recent research. This is especially true for their arms. The hazard of casting too many sinkers, on the other hand, is considerable. It is possible to injure your elbow depending on the method you throw your sinker or the arm position you use while you play. As a young pitcher, you should use a proper sinker grip to reduce the chance of injuring your arm.

Avoid pitching too many times, and be careful when throwing a sinker to avoid damaging your arm. As soon as the thrower learns how to throw a sinkerwell, they may begin playing without putting their arms in danger. This is true even for young children.

Is a sinker a 2 seam fastball?

A sinker and a two-seam fastball are similar in appearance, but the way the pitcher throws them differs significantly. When it comes to the grip, both sinkers and two-seamers fastball pitchers rely on their middle and index fingers to hold the seams of the fastball. The movement of the pitcher’s arm and the way their hand works through the ball may make a significant impact. When pitchers throw two-seamers with substantial arm-side lateral movement, they are essentially throwing a two-seam fastball; but, if they toss a two-seam fastball with strong sinking action, they are throwing a sinker.


A sinker fastball is considered to be one of the most exciting fastball pitches in baseball. When you learn and perfect the technique of throwing the baseball, you will always be able to grin when participating in baseball leagues. As a pitcher, you should become familiar with the technique of appropriately gripping the baseball sinker and selecting the optimal arm slot. Moreover, guess what? You will be able to throw sinkers like a champion and avoid the risk that comes with throwing a sinker in the incorrect direction.

How To Grip And Throw Different Baseball Pitches

PITCHERS, PLEASE READ: When it comes to baseball, one of the most common myths is that playing the game keeps you in condition to pitch. That would be fantastic if it were true. It is not the case. Preparation is essential for moving on to the next level. Pitchers in the major leagues spend significantly more time preparing to prepare than they do actually pitching. In the event you feel increasing your velocity will be crucial to your performance, have a look at my tested plans for pitchers of all ages.

Here are some of the most prevalent baseball pitching grips, as well as examples of how I used them when playing college and professional baseball in the United States.

  • Instructions on how to grasp and throw a four-seam fastball
  • Instructions on how to grip and throw a two-seam fastball
  • Instructions on how to grip and throw a three-finger changeup. An explanation of how to hold and throw a circle changeup
  • What is a palmball (palm ball) and how do you toss one? Instructions on how to grasp and throw a beginner’s curveball
  • Instructions on how to grip and throw a straight curveball In this video, I demonstrate how to grip and pitch a knuckle curveball. Using a slider, learn how to hold it and throw it. Learn how to grip and throw a split-finger fastball in this video.

Learn how to grip and throw a four seam fastball in this video. Fastball with four seams Position your index and middle fingertips squarely on the perpendicular seam of the baseball in order to hold a four seam fastball. If you are throwing with your throwing hand, the “horseshoe seam” should be facing into your ring finger (as shown in the picture on the left). For the simple reason that the seam itself resembles the form of a horseshoe, I refer to it as the horseshoe seam. Place your thumb just beneath the baseball, resting it on the smooth leather of the baseball bat (as shown in the picture on the right).

  1. Take this pitch in your fingertips and hold it tenderly, like an egg.
  2. If you want to throw a nice, hard four-seam fastball with maximum backspin and velocity, you must do the following: A relaxed grip reduces the amount of “friction” that occurs between your hand and the baseball.
  3. Does a four-seam fastball have any rise to it?
  4. “If a fastball is thrown underhand, it will not ascend in the air.
  5. Fastball with two seams It’s similar to how a sinker or cutter (cut fastball) is held in the throwing hand, but it’s gripped somewhat tighter and deeper in the throwing hand than a four-seam fastball.
  6. In order to throw a two-seam fastball, your index and middle fingers should be placed directly on top of the thin seams of the baseball bat (as shown in the picture on the left).
  7. In this case, too, a two seamer is grasped a bit more tightly than a four seamer.

It also has the additional effect of decreasing the speed of the pitch, which is why most two-seam fastballs are 1 to 3 mph slower than four-seam fastballs on the radar gun.

To put it another way, because I’m a right-handed pitcher, I’d throw two-seamers inside to right-handed batters and four-seamers away from them.

A Three-Finger Changeup: Grip and Throw Instructions Changeup with three fingers When used properly, a three-finger changeup may be an effective off-speed pitch for younger baseball pitchers — particularly those who do not have large hands.

Your thumb and pinky finger should be positioned just beneath the baseball on the smooth leather (as shown in the middle picture).

As a result, it assists in developing a solid “feel” for the pitch, which is vital because the changeup is a finesse pitch.

This assists in slowing down the pitch’s pace.

The same arm speed was used.

When developing “fastball mechanics,” but not changeup speed, throwing your changeup while you long toss is a good practice technique (throwing beyond 90 feet).

Please keep in mind that advanced pitchers can experiment with “flipping the ball over” to add even more movement to their pitches.

What Is The Proper Grip And Throw For A Circle Changeup?

Both of these pitches are excellent.

The baseball is then centered between your three other index and middle fingers (as shown in the middle picture above right).

This pitch should be thrown with the same arm speed and body mechanics as a fastball, with the exception that the ball should be gently turned over by throwing the circle to the target.

To put it another way, imagine tossing your throwing hand towards someone who is immediately in front of you and giving them the “thumbs down.” This slows down your pace and allows you to have that smooth, fading movement to the side of the plate where your throwing arm is.

Fastballs and changeups should be alternated at 90-plus feet for around 20 tosses a couple of times each week.

It’s a pitch with a slow velocity.

With this change-up, the baseball is centered between your middle and ring fingers on your hand, similar to a four-finger change-up in baseball.

To get additional movement out of the ball at its release point, consider turning it over a little bit.

Nonetheless, just like with other off-speed pitches, the arm speed and mechanics of your pitching delivery must be the same as those used to produce your fastball.

To put it simply, this pitch has the exact opposite effect as a fastball.

And, unlike a four-seam fastball, where leverage comes from behind the top of the baseball, leverage on a curveball comes from the front of the baseball.

(However, I believe this is an excellent grip for more advanced pitchers to employ in a practice scenario if you’re having difficulty with your breaking ball.) The way it works is as follows: Using your index finger, grip the baseball as though you were aiming at somewhere in the distance.

Place your middle finger along the bottom seam of the baseball and your thumb along the rear seam of the baseball to finish it off (as shown in the middle picture above).

This, of course, is one of the reasons why this pitch is so good for beginners: the ball will travel where your index finger is pointing when you throw it.

This pitch should not be utilized beyond high school ball due to the possibility that college and professional batters will pick up on the “raised” finger employed during the delivery of this pitch.

The straight curveball (sometimes known as the “overhand curveball”) is one of the most frequently used breaking ball grips in baseball.

Because many of the same concepts that apply to both grips apply to a straight curve, mastery of my beginners curveball is required for a straight curve.

The beginners curveball, on the other hand, is a fantastic place to start.

Due to the fact that, other from the finger location of your index finger, there is little difference between a straight curveball and a beginners curveball, it is important to understand how to throw both.

The pitch is produced by the thumb moving upward.

At the conclusion of this pitch, the arm movement is a bit shortened to make it more concise.

This, of course, shortens your follow through, but it also lets you to snap off the pitch with incredible force.

This is the grip that I utilized for the curveball.

Instead of pointing with your index finger, your knuckle will now point toward your goal (in the beginners curve).

In fact, most pitchers believe that this grip allows them to generate the greatest rotation – and the most movement – of any breaking pitch they have ever thrown.

When you initially start tucking your index finger inside the baseball, it’s not extremely comfortable.

While you’re watching television or in study hall at school, complete this task.

Note: In order for this pitch to be effective, you must keep your fingernails short and well-manicured – especially on your index finger of the throwing hand – since long fingernails might get in the way of the grip.

Fingernail polish, of course, may be obtained in the women’s area of any department store.

Furthermore, it contributes to the toughening of fingernails (If you do use it, you really need just apply it to your index finger.) Slider Grip and Throw TechniquesSlider Grip and Throw Techniques Ted Williams famously remarked that a slider was “the finest pitch in baseball.” He was absolutely correct.

A slider is the third quickest pitch in baseball, behind the fastball and the changeup.

With a slider, you hold it like you would a two-seam fastball, but slightly off-center.

Good slider pitchers hold their baseball with their outside third of their hand and tilt their wrist slightly, but not rigidly, to the side of their throwing hand where their throwing hand’s thumb is when they deliver the pitch.

When you release your grip, avoid twisting your wrist.

Given that the index finger is the one from which the slider is thrown, some baseball pitchers may find it more beneficial to put their index finger along the seam of the baseball instead of the seam itself.

It’s important to remember to gently cock your wrist rather than tense it.

Because the pitch will come off the thumb-side of your index finger if your wrist is slightly cocked to the throwing hand’s thumb side, you will be able to produce strong spin on the ball if your wrist is slightly cocked to the throwing hand’s thumb side.

In this pitch, the movement is caused by the baseball spinning off of the index finger from the outside of the baseball — NOT by twisting your hand beneath the ball.

How to Grip and Throw a Splitter (with Pictures) Splitter A split-finger fastball (also known as a splitter or splitty) is a more sophisticated pitch that requires more than one finger to throw.

This is due to the fact that the pitch itself should be “choked” deep within the hand.

Place your index and middle fingers on the outside of the horseshoe seam, with your middle finger on the inside.

When throwing this pitch, maintain your index and middle fingers extended upward and the palm-side wrist of your throwing hand aimed squarely at the target while doing so.

Bruce Sutter, one of the greatest splitter pitchers in the history of the game, believes that it is critical to place your thumb on the rear seam rather than the front seam while splitting a ball.

Then, he explains, all you have to do is throw a fastball.

However, according to an interview between Roger Kahn and Bruce Sutter published in Kahn’s book, The Head Game: Baseball, He points out that, when viewed from the pitcher’s mound, this is not the situation.

What method do you use to toss your pitches? Post photographs of your throwing grips in the discussion threads for mybaseball pitching equipment.

Get my pitching velocity program

When it comes to baseball, one of the most common myths is that playing the game keeps you in condition to pitch. That would be fantastic if it were true. It is not the case. Preparation is essential for moving on to the next level. Pitchers in the major leagues spend significantly more time preparing to prepare than they do actually pitching. In the event you feel increasing your velocity will be crucial to your performance, have a look at my tested plans for pitchers of all ages.

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