What Are The Yips In Baseball

Yips – Wikipedia

Theyips (also known as lost move syndrome or thetwisties in gymnastics) are a sudden and inexplicable loss of ability to do particular abilities in seasoned athletes that occur in sports. Athletes who suffer from the yips have a loss of fine motor abilities as well as psychological concerns that have an influence on their muscle memory and decision-making, leaving them unable to perform the fundamental skills of their sport. Clinical sport psychologytherapy, as well as refocusing attention on the underlying biomechanics of their physical activity, are all common therapies for athletes suffering from chronic pain.

After experiencing yips, an athlete may need to make short-term modifications to their technique in order to recover.

The worst situations are those in which the athlete does not recover at all, resulting in the player being forced to retire from competitive sports at the highest levels.

In golf

In golf, the yips are a movement issue that is known to cause difficulty putting. Supposedly coined by Tommy Armour, a former golf champion and subsequently golf instructor, to explain the problems that forced him to give up tournament play, the termyipsis has gained widespread acceptance. Golfers have used terminology like as twitches, staggers, jitters, and jerks to describe the yips in the past. The yips impact between a quarter and a half of all mature golfers at some point in their careers.

  1. It appears that golfers who have been playing for more than 25 years are at the greatest risk of developing the illness.
  2. Acute demands on coordination and focus, as well an excessive usage of the affected muscles, may worsen the condition.
  3. It has been suggested that yips may be caused by focal dystonia, which is another explanation.
  4. Bradley missed a six-inch putt in the final round of the 2013 HP Byron Nelson Championship as a result of the condition (although he may also have been suffering fromstrabismus).
  5. The putting yips and the driving yips, according to Jay Yarow of Business Insider, were evident throughout Woods’ performance at the 2014 Open.

Some golfers have experimented with different putters, different grips, and even different hands. These techniques, on the other hand, have only brought short respite. They are also known as “frozen,” “the jerks,” “the staggers,” “the waggles,” and “whisky fingers,” among other names.

In cricket

Incricket, the yips are primarily experienced by bowlers. Bowlers who suffer from this disease appear to have difficulty releasing the ball at the conclusion of their motion. Keith Medlycott, who had made it to the England team before being forced to retire, is an example of this. Gavion Hamilton, an all-rounder who had previously played in the Test, had essentially abandoned his right-arm medium pacebowling as a result of the yips, according to another player. However, he has had a successful One Day International career forScotland, mostly as a specialist batsman, despite not appearing in any further Test matches.

However, shortly afterward, he suffered from the yips, and his career came crashing down.

Mark Bawden, the sports psychologist for the England cricket team, personally suffered from the yips when he was a youngster.

In baseball

In baseball, the yips are typically shown as an inability to throw the baseball properly after a brief period of time. Pitchers and catchers, athletes who have the greatest contact with the ball throughout the game, are more susceptible to the condition, however position players have also been affected by it. Pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates Consider the case of Steve Blass, who was a dominating pitcher and All-Star from 1964 to 1972; but, starting in 1973, he lost his command and issued 84 walks in 88 +2 3 innings thrown.

  • It has been said that brilliant players, like as New York Yankees second baseman Steve Blass, suffer from “Steve Blass illness.” Chuck Knoblauchor is a second baseman with the Los Angeles Dodgers.
  • Sax’s difficulties began during his third season in the Majors, but he continued to play in the league and appeared to be on the mend by 1989, going on to terminate his career the following year in 1994.
  • Several years later, following a collision at home plate with Atlanta Braves pitcher Jim Presley in 1990, his situation deteriorated.
  • Mark Wohlers of the Atlanta Braves was dubbed “the poster child for Steve Blass Syndrome” in the 1990s, according to the media.
  • During the National League Championship Series in 2000, Rick Ankiel lost his command as a pitcher and had to be pulled from the game.
  • On one of his pickoff attempts to first base, Jon Lesteris alleged to have had the yips as well.
  • Hayden Hurst, a minor league pitching prospect for the Pittsburgh Pirates, was so seriously impacted by the yips that he decided to forego baseball and instead enroll at the University of South Carolina to play football.

An article regarding Luke Hagerty’s return from the yips was published on ESPN in January 2019. After being selected 32nd overall by the Chicago Cubs in the 2002 amateur draft, he did not appear in a game.

In gymnastics

“Twisties” are a sudden loss of a gymnast’s ability to retain body control during aerial exercises, with the gymnast experiencing what feels like an out-of-body experience while in the air. Many gymnasts have also expressed a sense of confusion or a lack of awareness of where they are on the floor. This raises the likelihood of a catastrophic or critical injury occurring if the gymnast fails to remember how to land the technique properly in the heat of the moment. Simone Biles, who has won 32 Olympic and World Championship medals, reportedly suffered from this condition during the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, causing her to withdraw from competition after thewomen’s team all-aroundfinal; Biles later returned to compete in thebalance beamfinal, where she won the bronze medal.

Finnegan made the following statement: “I can’t image the terror you must have felt if something like this happened to you during a tournament.

As part of her preparations for the 2016 Olympics, Olympic trampoline gymnastBryony Page has spoken about her personal experience with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).

In other sports

Players in other sports are likewise affected by the yips. A couple of examples include Markelle Fultz and Chuck Hayes’ free throw shots in basketball and baseball, respectively. Guillermo Coria’s full name is Guillermo Coria. When it comes to tennis, the yips appear to present themselves most frequently in the form of the player suddenly and regularly failing to complete a serve, which results in a torrent of successive double faults. Elena Dementieva and Sara Errani were also affected by this.

In the National Football League (NFL), a placekicker who is typically dependable but who begins to struggle is referred to as having the yips.

See also

  • (Sports) Choke
  • (Paralysis by Analysis)
  • (Target Panic)
  • (The Centipede’s Dilemma)


  1. “Golf Legends of All Time” is an anthology edited by A. Barkow and David Barrett published in 1997. The International Society of Publications (PubMed)
  2. Smith and colleagues, 2000
  3. “Keep an eye out for the yips. There is currently no known cure for the dreaded golf affliction “. Oklahoman.com, accessed July 18, 2004. Retrieved2021-01-31
  4. s^ This letter was provided courtesy of Mayo Clinic Health. “Yips: It’s more than just a putting issue.” This is the World of Tulsa. Retrieved2021-01-31
  5. s^ The intertwined lives of J. Farias How to stimulate neuroplasticity in the brain. An innovative method to the rehabilitation of dystonias. Galene Editions published in 2012
  6. Jay Yarow is credited with inventing the term “yarow” (2014-07-21). “The Tiger Woods Era Is Over”. Business Insider. Retrieved2018-04-06
  7. s^ “What are the yips? Experts say it’s not just in your head”. Golf Digest. Retrieved22 January2021
  8. s^”The Yips – If You’ve Had ‘Em, You’ve Got ‘Em”. Golf Digest. Retrieved22 January2021
  9. s^ Papineau, David (2015). (2015). “Choking and The Yips”. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.14(2): 295–308, at 305.doi: 10.1007/s11097-014-9383-x.ISSN1568-7759
  10. s^”Gavin Hamilton | Scotland Cricket | Cricket Players and Officials | ESPN Cricinfo”. Content-uk.cricinfo.com. Retrieved2011-11-29
  11. s^”We very rarely talk about winning”. Big Picture. Wellcome Trust. Retrieved26 June2013
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  13. Maynard, I. (December 2001).”Towards an understanding of the personal experience of the ‘yips’ in cricketers”. Journal of Sports Sciences.19(12): 937–53.doi: 10.1080/026404101317108444.PMID11820688.S2CID10662602
  14. s ^abKelly, Matt (October 14, 2020).”Players Who Had the Yips”. MLB.com. RetrievedJuly 14,2021
  15. s^”The 1973 PIT N Pitching Splits for Steve Blass”. Retrosheet. August 23, 1989. RetrievedNovember 17,2018
  16. s^Meisel, Zack (2013-05-10). (2013-05-10). “The Yips: Difficult to understand, difficult to cure”. MLB.com. Retrieved2018-04-06
  17. s^ “Mackey Sasser throwing yips”. RetrievedNovember 17,2018– viaYouTube
  18. s^”San Francisco Giants 5, New York Mets 0″.Retrosheet. August 23, 1989. RetrievedNovember 17,2018
  19. s^Goldberg, Alan.”The Mackey Sasser Story”.competitivedge.com. RetrievedNovember 17,2018
  20. s^”Wohlers not alone in battles”. Augusta Chronicle. Associated Press. July 19, 1998. Retrieved2 January2018
  21. s^”Ankiel Shows Off His Arm”.MLB.com. May 7, 2008. RetrievedJuly 14,2021
  22. s^Apstein, Stephanie (2017-05-17).”How Jon Lester conquered his bout with the yips”. SI.com. Retrieved2018-04-06
  23. s^Pompei, Dan (2018-04-04). (2018-04-04). “How Hayden Hurst Went from Baseball Flameout to Potential 1st-Round NFL Pick”.bleacherreport.com. Retrieved2018-04-06
  24. s^ Passan, Jeff (2019-02-04). (2019-02-04). “Luke Hagerty Improbably Comeback”.espn.com. Retrieved2018-02-04
  25. s^ Reeve, Elle (July 28, 2021). (July 28, 2021). “Simone Biles and ‘the twisties’: How fear affects the mental health and physical safety of gymnasts”. CNN. Retrieved2021-07-28
  26. s^ Giambalvo, Emily (28 July 2021). (28 July 2021). “Simone Biles said she got the ‘twisties.’ Gymnasts immediately understood”. The Washington Post. Retrieved30 July2021
  27. s^”What are the twisties?”.Olympics.com. 28 July 2021
  28. s^ “Simone Biles’ twisties: mental block which puts gymnasts at serious risk”. The Guardian. Retrieved1 August2021
  29. s^
  30. s^ Archived atGhostarchiveand theWayback Machine:”The Gymnast who Lost Her Moves – Bryony Page | Against All Odds”.YouTube
  31. s^ Gonzalez, John.”The End of the Affair: Markelle Fultz and the Sixers Are Probably Breaking Up”. The Ringer. Retrieved5 February2019
  32. s^bballvideos (2007-12-21). (2007-12-21). “Chuck Hayes Ugly Free Throws vs Denver 12/20”. YouTube. The original version of this article was archived on December 21, 2021. “Tom Perotta – The Yips”, which was published on November 29, 2011, was retrieved on November 29, 2011. Tennisworld.typepad.com. Hendry confesses 10-year fight with the ‘yips’, according to a BBC Sport article published on November 29, 2011. BBC News, December 8, 2010. Retrieved2011-11-29.|

These players famously battled the ‘yips’

When it comes to succeeding at the Major League level, baseball players must be bold and fully confident in their talents, yet nothing can prepare them for the dreaded “yips.” The most dreaded mental illness in sports has claimed the lives of sportsmen of all levels, from relative unknowns to world-class stars. An infielder suddenly finds himself unable to toss the ball to first base. The ball cannot be returned to the pitcher by the catcher. A pitcher is unable to locate the plate. After years of training and repetition, the yips can appear out of nowhere, as Astros star second baseman Jose Altuve is discovering with his suddenly untrustworthy right arm in this year’s American League Championship Series.

  • Altuve is far from the first player to suffer from the yips, and he is not likely to be the last to do so.
  • The yips were a part of their tales, but several of these players went on to have more success in the major leagues despite their experiences with them.
  • Over the course of his career, particularly in playoff play, Lester has demonstrated immaculate command of the strike zone.
  • In fact, the southpaw was unable to throw the ball properly anyplace other than home plate, to the point that he abandoned pickoff attempts, bounced his fielding tosses to first, and even resorted to flinging his glove over to first base with the ball inside it.
  • However, after signing with the Cubs, Lester was able to turn his aversion to running into an advantage, adjusting his time between pitches to such an extent that, with the aid of catchers David Ross and Willson Contreras, rival teams practically ceased attempting to run against him entirely.
  • Daniel Bard is a playwright who lives in New York City.
  • From 2009 through 2011, the right-hander had a 2.88 earned run average and struck out nearly 10 batters per nine innings, but the wheels came off in 2012 when injuries, poorly timed mechanical tweaks, and performance anxiety caused Bard to completely lose control at the plate.
  • After that, five separate teams attempted and failed to correct Bard’s accuracy troubles, to the point that he attempted to transform himself into a submarine pitching machine.
  • Now I’m attempting to deceive opponents with topspin fastballs.
  • I’m not even attempting to be the same person I was previously.
  • Some of those days were really tough.” However, Bard’s narrative did not come to an end there.

With his high-90s fastballs over the top again with ease at the age of 35, Bard was able to make the Rockies’ Major League roster following the league’s suspension due to the coronavirus pandemic and quickly established himself as the team’s best reliever, finishing the season with a 3.65 ERA and 27 strikeouts to only 10 walks over 24 2/3 innings.

  • When Garza made a really poor throw in the spring of 2012, it was followed by another, and another, and it got so bad that opponents were allegedly bunting towards the mound on purpose to see if Garza would throw it away again.
  • (Garza was removed from the game, but Chicago was still able to secure the victory.) Jason Tyner, an outfielder for the Los Angeles Dodgers, told MLB.com in 2013 that if you bunt on him, he’ll toss it down the right-field line.
  • If you happened to see him working on it on a backfield in the middle of the night, it would seem like a 6-year-old attempting to throw a ball to first base.
  • Rick Ankiel is a professional basketball player.
  • He was regarded as the Cardinals’ generational left-handed pitching prospect, and he was so highly regarded in the club that manager Tony La Russa gave him the ball to start Game 1 of the National League Division Series against the Braves in the year 2000.
  • Ankiel’s dismal troubles continued against the Mets in the National League Championship Series, as he walked five of the ten hitters he faced.
  • After a brief comeback to the Major League mound in 2004, Ankiel effectively transitioned to the outfield, where his arm strength (as well as his tremendous bat) shined through.
  • Mark Wohlers is a writer and editor based in New York City.
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His effectiveness was brought to a grinding halt in 1998, when he walked 33 batters and threw seven wild pitches in only 20 1/3 innings, causing his earned run average to skyrocket to 10.18, prompting Atlanta to send Wohlers to Triple-A, where he walked an additional 37 batters in just 13 1/3 innings.

  1. Wohlers retired from pitching after the 2006 season.
  2. Steve Blass’ yips were so bad that the disease that bears his name – the “Steve Blass Disease” – came to be associated with him.
  3. The yips, on the other hand, aren’t concerned about anyone’s credentials.
  4. Blass was demoted to the minors by the Pirates, and his one opportunity to make a comeback (eight runs allowed, seven walks in five innings) in 1974 did not go as planned.
  5. Following his retirement, Blass returned to the Pirates, where he worked as a renowned broadcaster for more than three decades.
  6. Saltalamacchia was regarded as one of the best catching prospects in the Majors, but even his stellar lineage couldn’t keep him out of trouble.
  7. In order to avoid further injury, the Rangers immediately sent Saltalamacchia to the Minors, where he destroyed Triple-A pitching but was unable to return to the majors due of a throwing difficulty.
  8. With the 2013 World Series champion Sox, he had his best season, hitting.273, slugging 40 doubles and 14 home runs, and driving in crucial runs as the team marched through October.

When he was traded to the New York Yankees prior to the 1998 season, Knoblauch had already established himself as the American League’s Rookie of the Year, a four-time All-Star, a World Series champion with the Minnesota Twins, and – most importantly for our purposes here – a Gold Glove Award-winning second baseman.

  1. Knoblauch made a total of 26 mistakes throughout the 1999 season, and the situation only worsened by the time the Yankees faced the White Sox in a three-game series in June of the following year.
  2. Despite the fact that the Yankees had to shift Knoblauch to the outfield, the Bronx Bombers were able to win three consecutive World Series victories with his assistance.
  3. Sasser was the one who came before Salty.
  4. Each and every toss back to the pitcher by Sasser became an adventure after the year 1989.
  5. Because of the issue, the Mets were compelled to gradually move Sasser to the outfield or first base.
  6. Despite the fact that he was forced to retire from baseball at the end of 1995, Sasser finally recovered and went on to become a successful coach in the collegiate ranks.
  7. According to popular belief, the character Rube Baker from the film “Major League 2” was influenced on Sassen’s throwing yips as well.

Similarly to Knoblauch, Sax had been a Rookie of the Year Award winner, a World Series champion, and a very accomplished second baseman when he abruptly lost his ability to throw a ball to first base.

Even though Sax continued to struggle over the next few seasons, earning himself the moniker “Steve Sax Syndrome” as the fielder’s version of Blass’ “disease,” his overall story is one of triumph.

Dale Murphy is a well-known actor.

The fact that Murphy played behind the plate in only 85 major league games from 1976 to 1979 does not imply that he was particularly good at it.

Murphy’s throws to second base would bounce in front of the pitcher’s mound, sail into the outfield, or go in any other direction other than the direction in which the throw was intended.

“It has to be in my thoughts and not anything tangible.” The experience was demoralizing, but it is something I must move on from.” Although it never materialized, this case of the yips turned out to be a positive experience.

The switch to first base, followed by time in the outfield, allowed Murphy to blossom and become one of the biggest players of the 1980s while with the Atlanta Braves.

Yips: Do They Exist or Are They Just Sports Mythology?

Steve Blass was one of the best pitchers in baseball history during the early 1970s. For starters, he was instrumental in the Pittsburgh Pirates’ victory against the Baltimore Orioles in the 1971 World Series. The next year, he finished second in the National League Cy Young Award voting, which is given to the greatest pitcher in the league. The yips, on the other hand, resulted in Blass losing his ability to effectively throw a ball. As a result, he left the company in 1975, and the yips were given the moniker “Steve Blass sickness.” The disorder, on the other hand, is not limited to baseball.

  • For a long time, people believed that the yips were only caused by worry and stress.
  • Interested in learning whether the yips are genuine and what causes this condition?
  • We’ll talk about the signs and symptoms, as well as the reasons why it happens and various treatment choices.
  • When you’re trying to accomplish a precise movement, it causes involuntary muscular spasms to happen.
  • Tommy Armour, a professional golfer who played in the early 1900s, was the first person to use the term “yips.” Other athletes are susceptible to developing the yips as well.
  • It is most common for the yips to occur while doing a specific motion, such as putting or scribbling.
  • Most prevalent are muscle jerks
  • Shaking or tremors
  • Twitching
  • Feeling “locked” or immobilized

When you’re engaged in other tasks, you’re less likely to have these sensations. The yips are considered to be caused by a combination of neurological and psychological factors. These are some examples:

  • Dystonia in a certain area. Focal dystonia is a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary spasms that affect just a single body area at a time. It is frequently coupled with repeated motions
  • It is also known as performance anxiety. This results in psychological “choking,” which is the sensation of being highly concerned about one’s physical performance. Anxiety can be so acute that it interferes with your capacity to perform
  • Or a mix of the two. Focal dystonia and performance anxiety are two factors that might lead to the development of the yips in certain persons. Stress and worry can exacerbate the symptoms of focal dystonia.

If you have any of the following characteristics, you may be more susceptible to these causes:

  • Do the activity for an extended period of time
  • Are prone to perfectionism
  • Are prone to anxiousness
  • Are in their golden years

There are a variety of approaches that may be used to treat or alleviate your symptoms. In some cases, depending on the underlying cause of your problem, you may require one or more of the following therapies:

Changing your technique

If you have yips, adjusting your technique or equipment is the gold standard of therapy. You can, for example, do the following:

  • Use a new putter
  • Alter your grip
  • Or alter the way you hold the putter altogether.

Botox injection

Botulinum toxin treatment, often known as Botox, may be an excellent option if your illness is mostly neurological in nature. Botox is an injectable medication that is often used to treat some kinds of dystonia, such as focal dystonia, in patients. Botulinum toxin, a neurotoxin, is used in the injection to prevent nerve impulses from reaching a muscle.

This helps to relax the muscle, which helps to decrease spasms. Botox’s effects, on the other hand, are only transitory. After 3 to 6 months, you’ll most likely want another injection to maintain the level of alleviation.

Behavioral therapy

Psychological therapies like as cognitive behavioral therapy can assist to reduce anxiety, which can exacerbate the neurological and psychological elements of the yips. Methods that might be used include:

  • Guided imagery, cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques, and positive self-talk are all effective treatments.

In general, the method by which athletes get rid of the yips is dependent on the underlying cause. If it’s mostly due to focal dystonia, they’ll alter their grasp or movement to compensate for it. Many players have also found success engaging with a sports psychologist and learning mental skills to help them overcome the yips. These techniques can assist you in reducing anxiety and altering your mental response to your symptoms. In the following examples, a sports psychologist could instruct you on how to:

  • Avoid overthinking
  • Build your confidence
  • And concentrate on the activity.

Some athletes rehearse their moves in fields where there are no onlookers to see them. They will be able to work through their performance concerns without having to worry about anyone monitoring them. The yips are a genuine medical ailment that affects athletes and persons who write, type, or play an instrument on a regular basis. It can be brought on by a neurological condition, performance anxiety, or a combination of the two. If you’re experiencing yips, experiment with different grips and techniques.

Techniques such as positive self-talk can help you increase your concentration and physical performance.

The Yips and How It Affected Numerous Baseball Careers

A well-trained athlete losing control of his or her ability to perform a fundamental function at the highest level is what most people think of when they hear the word yips. In Major League Baseball, the finest illustration is a player who has forgotten how to toss a ball. A single erroneous throw may change the course of a game, a season, and, in some cases, a career. Here are some of the most well-known examples of baseball players who have suffered with the yips.

Steve Sax with the LA Dodgers

The following attributes are allowed: ” src=” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; picture-in-picture; picture-in-picture;” allowfullscreen=””> When Steve Sax was named National League Rookie of the Year in 1982, Los Angeles Dodgers fans had high expectations for the young second baseman. He delivered. Sax’s season could not have gotten off to a worse start the following year. By the time the All-Star break came around, he had committed 26 mistakes.

During the All-Star break, Sax spoke with his ill father, who informed him that he was not suffering from a mental block, but rather from a momentary loss of confidence in himself.

He was absolutely correct.

He had a 13-year professional baseball career, during which he earned two World Series championships with the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Chuck Knoblauch with the New York Yankees

The following attributes are allowed: ” src=” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; picture-in-picture; picture-in-picture;” allowfullscreen=””> Chuck Knoblauch began his Major League Baseball career in 1991 with the Minnesota Twins, where he soon established himself as one of the league’s greatest fielding second basemen. During his time in Minnesota, he was named Rookie of the Year and appeared in four All-Star games. When he relocated to the east coast to play for the New York Yankees, that’s when the problems began.

He was eventually removed from the game.

Following an injury in August, he returned to the lineup as the designated hitter and remained there throughout the team’s World Series championship run.

In 2001, he shifted to left field and didn’t play second base for the rest of his career.

Rick Ankiel with the St. Louis Cardinals

The following attributes are allowed: ” src=” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; picture-in-picture; picture-in-picture;” allowfullscreen=””> Rick Ankiel made his major league debut for the St. Louis Cardinals during the 2000 season, and the 20-year-old made a strong first impression as a starting pitcher. Despite only making 30 starts, Ankiel ended with an 11-7 record, 194 strikeouts, and a 3.50 earned run average. Ankiel threw two shutout innings in Game 1 of the National League Division Series against the Atlanta Braves before succumbing to the yips.

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After challenging manager Tony La Russa’s decision to sit him in his next start, the skipper decided to give him the ball, and Ankiel only lasted two-thirds of an inning before being lifted.

With a batting average of.240 for his career and 76 home runs, he retired following the 2013 season.

Jon Lester with the Chicago Cubs

The following attributes are allowed: ” src=” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; picture-in-picture; picture-in-picture;” allowfullscreen=””> Generally speaking, when most baseball fans think of Jon Lester, they do not think of his yips. Instead, Lester is regarded as a reliable Major League Baseball starter who has appeared in 14 seasons, been named to six All-Star teams, and been a key component of two World Series championships with the Boston Red Sox and one with the Chicago Cubs.

He first displayed indications of illness in 2010, but his condition rapidly worsened over the next several seasons.

Lester only attempted five shots throughout the season.

In 2014, there were none.

Lester’s mental game with runners, which includes fake pickoffs and pitchouts, as well as the cooperation of his first baseman and catcher, has kept the damage to a bare minimum thus far.

Hayden Hurst in the minor leagues

“The following attributes are allowed: src=” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture; picture-in-picture” “allowfullscreen=” allows you to use the entire screen “> The following is an example of a formalized formalized formalized What is the significance of the inclusion of the new Atlanta Falcons tight end on this list? Hayden Hurst never saw himself pursuing a professional football career in the NFL. When he graduated from high school, the 6-foot-4-inch, 245-pounder was a highly anticipated baseball pitcher.

  • Hurst began to get yips shortly after landing in the Sunshine State.
  • He was intentionally walked by five hitters.
  • Hurst retired from the game in 2014 and began his quest of a professional football career.
  • Some have been able to overcome their difficulties, while others have had their professional lives entirely devastated.
  • Whatever the reason, it’s heartbreaking to watch these world-class athletes suffer on the field.

5 Worst Cases of the Yips in Baseball

During the time when he was a catcher for the New York Mets, Mackey Sasser began to have yips. It wasn’t until 1989, only two years into his professional career, that Sasser began experiencing difficulties returning the ball to the pitcher. The ability to throw the ball back to the pitcher, as you may guess, is essential for a catcher to be considered effective. Sasser supporters chimed in on the situation by phoning radio stations and offering suggestions for how to resolve Sasser’s issues. Unfortunately, none of them were of assistance.

Sasseritis is a new name that has been invented to describe a catcher who is unable to throw the ball back to the pitcher, as has been done with other players.

Following his retirement from the major leagues, Sasser sought treatment from a therapist to help him overcome his case of the yips, and he went on to become the baseball coach at Wallace Junior College.

Sasser has been known to give out his phone number, and he receives e-mails from players who are suffering with the yips on a weekly basis. Original publication date: August 21, 2012

The Yips- More Than, “Just A Bit Outside”

Daniel Bard of the Colorado Rockies hit a 99 mph fastball against the Texas Rangers on Saturday, helping the Rockies to a victory. Most people would have assumed that the cardboard fan cutouts behind home plate would have been the most talked-about aspect of the game. Bard only lasted 1 1/3 innings and tossed 25 pitches in his appearance. However, Bard’s tale is a real page-turner. Daniel Bard is a name you may not be familiar with. Perhaps it’s because his last Major League Baseball game was in April 2013, which was 2,646 days ago.

  • He moved from having a 1.93 earned run average to having a 6.22 earned run average because throwing a baseball was no longer automatic.
  • Ricky Vaughn’s bad vision was satirized by Bob Uecker, although this isn’t what he was satirizing.
  • In golf, the yips have been defined as a psychoneuromuscular disease that mostly affects putting performance.
  • In baseball, the yips are most commonly associated with pitchers, who have an unexpected inability to throw the ball properly.
  • There appear to be two distinct forms of yips, albeit they are most likely overlapping.
  • Dontrelle Willis is maybe the most eloquent example of Type II.
  • Type I dystonia, on the other hand, is assumed to be a neurological condition caused by a sort of focal dystonia.

To see a larger version of this image, click here.

It appears that in baseball, pitchers who are affected with the yips have had at least one previous terrible outing that they are unable to shake off.

Symptoms of focal dystonia include involuntary muscle contractions that cause twisting and repetitive motions or aberrant postures in a single body area and during the execution of a specific job.

Golf, baseball throwing, table tennis, pistol shooting, and tennis are among the sports that are impacted by dystonia.

Louis Cardinals, who suffered with the yips in 2001, is probably the most well-known MLB pitcher plagued by the condition in recent memory.

To see a larger version of this image, click here.

These are not major movement centers, but rather locations where motor processes are “fine-tuned.” The intention to move is originally generated in a part of the brain known as the supplementary motor region (supplementary motor cortex) (SMA).

One route leads to the basal ganglia, which is where movement is learnt and fine-tuned once it has been learned.

It is along this route to the basal ganglia that malfunction and the resulting yips may manifest themselves.

Meditation and mental rehearsing are important components of many treatments.

Botox appears to be a potential treatment option in various sports.

The opposite is true in baseball, when botox weakens neighboring muscles excessively, despite the fact that it corrects erratic muscles, resulting to poor overall execution.

The forearm and shoulder muscles of a pitcher protect the ligaments in his arm, therefore using botox would only result in Tommy John’s-like problems.

In some cases of severe focal dystonia, neurosurgical operations might be used to alleviate the symptoms.

Pallidotomy and thalamotomy are terms used to describe this procedure.

Non-destructive techniques such as deep brain stimulation (DBS) may potentially be available as alternatives.

While baseball yips may be mostly due to an issue with the basal ganglia, underlying anxiety is almost certainly a factor, and it would not be cured with existing surgical treatments.

Author:Dr. Adam Smith

Doctor P. Smith, M.D., FAANS, is a board-certified neurosurgeon whose firm, Rocky Mountain BrainSpine Institute, provides neurosurgical knowledge to the public. He is dedicated to the health and well-being of the individuals he treats. When it comes to the brain and spine, Dr. Smith employs minimally invasive surgical methods, as well as the most up-to-date neuroimaging and surgical navigation technologies, as well as robotics and artificial intelligence.

Beat Baseball Yips

Having the throwing yips is a condition in which you may throw calmly and accurately in practice but throw with a lot of tension and poor control in games. The yips can lead players to lose all control over their throwing accuracy or even to freeze completely. As a consequence, wild pitches are thrown, failure to throw to second base or back to the pitcher is demonstrated, and the runner at first base is not thrown out of the game. A majority of baseball players fear when they have the throwing yips – and this is only because they believe their mechanics have abandoned them.

  • The fact that your mechanics are sound in practice or when throwing in the dugout, but that they abruptly alter during a game does not indicate a physical issue.
  • If this describes you, you are overly concerned with the conclusion or outcomes of the situation.
  • The yips are most commonly experienced by baseball players who are anxious and fearful.

How to Overcome The Throwing Yips

Respectfully, Mr. or Mrs. Ballplayer or Coach: I’m aware that you’re dissatisfied with your throwing or pitching in games and that you’ve pondered quitting the sport. But read what I have to say about how I assist baseball and softball players in overcoming their throwing difficulties before making that monumental choice to call it quits. Over the previous ten years, I’ve heard several anecdotes from baseball players about the yips and how painful or embarrassing it can be.

Here’s a sample of what ball players say about the yips…

  • In practice, my throwing is excellent
  • Yet, in games, I am quite inconsistent! ” With my long throws, I don’t have any difficulties. I only lose control when I make a short throw”
  • “When I really need to make a nice play in the game, I tighten up and throw a blooper.”
  • “It appears that I have two separate throws: a regular throw and my safe throw.” When my teammates inquire what is wrong, I explain that “I am attempting to control my throw so hard that I manipulate the release and either spike the ball into the ground or toss over the head of a teammate.” “I’ve been getting worse and worse.”
  • I’m attempting to improve my throwing technique, but it appears to be making matters worse.”

These ball players with the yips suffer from:

  • A person’s inability to toss or pitch easily (despite the fact that they can do it in practice). Anxiety, tension, and a sense of being in complete control of their actions
  • Extremely low confidence in mechanics who have been infected with theyips
  • Performance anxiety is concerned about what others will think of one’s performance. Feeling as though an extraterrestrial has taken possession of their body and they have no control

If you can throw well when you’re alone, but you can’t take it to games, the problem is with your mental game rather than with your physical ability. When you freeze, flinch, or exert excessive control over your release, the yips may feel physically uncomfortable. If, on the other hand, you can throw effortlessly in practice but tighten up in game settings, then the problem is mental rather than physical. And using drugs to unwind before a game is not the solution either.


After more than a decade of working with athletes on the yips, I devised a model specifically for the throwing yips. In my model, I explain why ball players become trapped in a vicious cycle that is difficult to break when they are suffering from the yips. Here’s what the model looks like: In the Yips Loop, ball players are engaged in a vicious cycle of overthinking and overcontrol that keeps them stuck in their positions.

Everyone I have spoken this with agrees with my perspective on the yips, which ranges from dread of missing a throw to losing control to feeling embarrassed:

  • Some of you may have a recurrence of the yips, which may disappear for a period of time before reappearing suddenly
  • The cycle revolves around worry and fear of being missing, as well as the aftermath of going missing
  • Major irritation that spills over into the ball player’s playing and personal life is part of the cycle. As a result of the cycle, it is difficult to rebuild any confidence in your throwing or pitching.

The following is what Ben had to say about his experience with throwing issues: “I remember playing catch a couple of years ago and having one game where I couldn’t throw the ball back to the pitcher.” I couldn’t understand what was going on since my parents were shouting at me. Since then, I’ve been experiencing this problem. The act of playing catch with my pals is nothing new for me, and throwing the ball to first base in practice is also nothing new for me. It’s all a game. I overthrow, which is quite embarrassing, and I don’t want to bring this into college with me.

Just hoping that I may receive some good suggestions from you and have some fun again.” * Ben is a fictional character created by a combination of a fictional character and a real person.

However, most baseball players are unaware that in order to free up your arm, you must first address the underlying source of the anxiety that leads you to be fearful of making a short throw back to the pitcher–as if it were a matter of life or death!

See also:  How To Sell Old Baseball Cards

The most obvious indicator is that you throw freely during practice or when you are alone, but you feel uptight or freeze when you are competing in games.

  • You hate throwing a short throw and failing to hit the target properly
  • You spike the ball into the ground because you overestimate your ability to release the ball. You become immobile during a throw or are unable to fully extend your arm back
  • In the middle of your pitch or throw, you jolt and flinch, and your throw occasionally fails to land properly
  • You are concerned about embarrassment as a result of missing a simple toss. When you make lousy throws or pitches, you believe that others are judging you. You can’t seem to stop thinking about previous mistakes and how to prevent them in the future.

The yips may completely detract from the enjoyment of a baseball game. It has the potential to undo all of your hard work. If you’ve been dealing with throwing issues for a long time, all of this pain is completely unneeded. After working with my athletes to overcome the yips, you may learn how to free up your arm and regain confidence in your own abilities.

What Are My Credentials?

In my 25 years as a committed sports psychology specialist, I have investigated and worked with hundreds of exceptional athletes, including many of the nation’s best junior, collegiate, and professional athletes. Over the course of this period, I have amassed an incredible number of accomplishments and qualifications, including the following:

  • More than two decades of experience working with some of the world’s best players, including Junior, Collegiate and PGA Tour champions, on strategies to develop confidence, focus, and composure for golf has resulted in several publications. Many of the world’s finest athletes, including Ernie Els, John Houston, Steve Lowery, and Helen Alfredsson, were interviewed for this project, in order to learn the methods, techniques, and talents that keep these professional golfers performing at the highest level. Sports psychology books, films, audio programs, and training seminars are being written and produced by a large team of authors and producers. Baseball Mental Edge and The Confident Athlete CD and Workbook series are two of my creations. Being the first student to get a Ph.D. in Sports Psychology from the University of Virginia, working under Bob Rotella, and publishing more journal articles than any other student at the time
  • In addition to owning and managing the world’s largest mental training website, which has over 25,000 readers and hundreds of active subscribers who are reaping the benefits of mental game coaching to improve their performance,

To me, teaching proven and applicable mental game strategies–the same ones I’ve used to assist other athletes overcome the yips and restore confidence–is the key to success. The yips cannot be cured overnight, and there are no quick cures or remedies available–only realistic ways to help you move beyond the anxiety and gain control over the yips cycle. There will be no psychobabble or fluff! Simple mental game methods to help you loosen up your arm, enjoy the game, and restore confidence are all that is required.

Real Athletes I’ve Helped

“It felt as though I couldn’t control my own body when I stepped on the field. When I was about to pull the trigger, a devil would take over and make me do it. It had been going on for almost three years and was becoming worse and worse.

I was able to work through it to the point where the fear is almost completely gone. A few weeks ago, I played a game in which all of my throws were devoid of yips. However, I believe I have gained greater self-assurance. “I have the impression that I am in command of my body now.”

“Your Response To The Throwing Problem Covers Many Situations In Life”

“Your solution to the throwing dilemma in front of the coach applies to so many circumstances in life.that is the beauty of practicing sports.the life learning experiences that are gained via participation.” “Keep up the fantastic work.you are the finest coach,” says the coach. *Bill Brennan is a fictional character created by William S. Burroughs.

“You Know What The Yips Are”

“I’ve read a lot of different theories on the yips, and you’re absolutely correct. I’ve read articles written by top ten teachers who claim to have discovered a solution for the yips, only to discover that they don’t even understand what the yips are. And I have no doubt that you understand what they are and how to treat them. “Thank you for sending out your newsletter.” *~Kevin

“I Feel Like I’m Stealing From You”

“Patrick, something doesn’t feel quite right here. Despite the fact that you are providing so much valuable information to aid with the yips, I feel like I am stealing from you! Your fashion sense is fantastic! That is something you don’t see very often–in fact, you never see it at all! “You’re a fantastic human being!” *O’Jay Omlid is a fictional character created by O’Jay Omlid. Moreover, you may benefit from my knowledge and experience gained by working with other athletes who are suffering from the yips– so that you can take your practice into the field of play!

Learn to Throw or Pitch Freely AgainWith My Proven Audio and Workbook Program…

Digital Download CDsWorkbook
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“Breaking The Yips Cycle:Mental Strategies to Improve Confidence and Throw Freely Again”

I’m going to tell you everything I know about how to get rid of the yips. including how to love playing the game again by altering your motivations for participating!

What’s Included In “Breaking The Yips Cycle” Program?

It is a comprehensive brain dump of the TOP Eight mental training sessions I conduct with my personal coaching clients to help them overcome the yips and play freely once more.

The Audio and Workbook Program Includes:

  • Two compact discs (CD purchase only). Sessions lasting 120 minutes that will help you obtain greater flexibility, focus on the appropriate performance signals, and simplify your pre-pitch preparations
  • Audio in MP3 format (Digital Download). While you are waiting for the CDs and workbook to arrive, you may download 120 minutes of mental training sessions to your computer and use them immediately. (The MP3 Audio file is worth $149.) To help you through my mental game sessions and to conquer the throwing yips, I’ve put up an 8-Session Breaking The Yips Cycle Workbook (workbook value: $149.00)
  • And Bonus Session: Work on loosening up your throwing mechanics in order to enhance consistency and stop focusing on mechanics while playing

8 Sessions available on CD or as an audio download:

  • In Session 1, we will discuss how to deal with unrealistic expectations that get in the way of success. Session 2: How to Maintain Concentration on the Process
  • Session 3: Learn to Throw With Confidence and Play With Intuition
  • Session 4: Getting Your Confidence Back in Your Game
  • Session 5: Choosing to Participate in the Game for the Correct Reasons The Sixth Session is titled “Overcoming Social Approval Fears.” In this seventh session, you will learn how to unlink your self-esteem and performance. Simple your throwing or pitching routine for Session 8
Digital Download CDsWorkbook
Download Now!| $249 Digital | Shipped to you!| $299 + Shipping |


Following the completion of your transaction, you’ll be able to receive over $150 in FREE goodies right away. All of these benefits are yours simply for signing up for our program! Even if you decide to return the program for a full refund, you will still get the incentives (within 30 days of your purchase).

Special Bonus 1 – Interview with Ken Ravizza (42 minutes) (MP3 Audio And Transcript)

Former professor of Applied Sport Psychology at the California State University in Fullerton, Dr. Ken Ravizza, shares with Dr. Cohn his thoughts on mental training and how it may be used to improve performance. We speak about what it takes to find that love for what you do as an athlete (a $25 value), as well as other topics.

Special Bonus 2 – Interview with Tom Hanson (46 minutes) (MP3 Audio And Transcript)

Author Dr. Tom Hanson, former full-time Performance Enhancement director for the New York Yankees, and former Heads-Up Baseball: Playing the Game One Pitch at a Time, talks about his approach to mental training. Dr. Hanson discusses his “tapping” technique and the applications for it (a $25 value).

Special Bonus 3 – Sharpen Your Focus (E-book)

When studying mental game methods, it is important to first comprehend the principles involved, such as how to concentrate, what you should concentrate on, and how to refocus when you become distracted. Print this e-book to assist you in learning how to enhance focus via the use of these practice activities (worth $30).

Special Bonus 4 – The Confidence-Expectations Connection (E-book)

As your players put in more effort and achieve greater success, expectations might rise to the point where they threaten their self-confidence and performance.

If they do not meet their own standards, their confidence might suffer, especially if they begin to experience self-doubt at the same time. To assist your players in understanding the link between confidence and expectations (a $30 value), print this e-book.

Special Bonus 5 – Pregame Warm-Up Routine (PDF)

Athletes must put into practice what they have learned throughout the curriculum in order to be successful. A pregame ritual is an excellent method to put what you’ve learned into practice. This cheat-sheet guide covers the most effective mental preparation tactics and instructs you on how to mentally prepare for a certain game situation. You may customize the book to meet your specific athletic requirements (a $30 value).

Special Bonus 6 – Pregame Tips For Parents And Coaches (PDF)

What should you say and do as a parent or coach shortly before a tournament to help your athletes get into a confident frame of mind is critical. You’ll discover how you may reinforce our mental tactics so that you become part of the solution rather than part of the issue. Provide your baseball player with the confidence they need to succeed (a $20 value).

Special Bonus 7 – Practice Drills to Free Up Your Arm (Bonus Chapter)

What kind of exercises should you do to strengthen your arm? To throw spontaneously and quit overthinking your arm motion, do my practice drills to improve your accuracy (a $20 value).

What’s the Cost?

Our software is available for $249.00 (digital download) and $299.00 (hard copy) (CDs and Workbook shipped to you). If you acquire the digital download program, you will save $50 in addition to not having to pay delivery costs, and you will be able to download the program immediately. Furthermore, the digital download has the same content as the CDs, just in the form of MP3s and PDFs. Of course, I’m delighted if you decide to participate in my one-on-one mental coaching program! My one-on-one personal coaching program, on the other hand, costs nearly four times as much for three months!

Audio and Workbook Program – Purchase Your Program Today…

Digital Download CDsWorkbook
Download Now!| $249 Digital | Shipped to you!| $299 + Shipping |

Ordering Can Be Done in Two Simple Steps

  1. Placing your order online is the quickest and most effective method available today. Click Here to Place an Order for DigitalOR To have the CDs and Workbook shipped to you, please click here
  2. Alternatively, call us toll free at 888-742-7225 and submit your order with a valid credit card. Make a note of your email address, mailing address, phone number, and payment card information

Please accept my sincere thanks for taking the time to read about ” Breaking The Yips Cycle ” – my best choice (besides from personal coaching) for assisting you in throwing freely again and regaining your confidence. If you have any queries concerning my program, please don’t hesitate to contact me! Sincerely, Patrick J. Cohn, Ph.D., is a Master Mental Game Coach who specializes in sports psychology. —@- Peak Performance Sports, LLC is a sports performance company. Instilling Confidence in Order to Gain a Competitive Advantage www.peaksports.com www.baseball-yips.com Toll-Free: 888-742-7225 (Unlimited).

You can learn the exact yips-breaking mental game tactics that I teach my one-on-one coaching clients for a fraction of the cost by visiting this website.

Click here to buy “Breaking The Yips Cycle” and discover how to love baseball or softball once again!

We cannot, however, guarantee the outcome in any circumstance.

There was no monetary remuneration received in exchange for these testimonies.

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