## Baseball Abbreviations

Tony Gwynn had another outstanding season in 1997, with 592 at-bats and 220 strikeouts, and an avg of.372, which was the best in the National League. Which of these abbreviations do all of these letters stand for? The Baseball Almanac is glad to give a standard collection of acronyms that are seen and used in print on a regular basis in the sport of baseball.

## Baseball Stats

Baseball Abbreviations 101Offensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ABBBAVGCS2BGIDP GRSLHBPHHRRHRIBBISO LOB OBPOPSRRBISFSHSSLGSB%SBRSBSOTB3B | At BatsBases on Balls (Walks)Batting AverageCaught StealingDoublesGround into Double Plays Grand SlamsHit by PitchHitsHome Run RatioHome RunsIntentionalBasesonBalls(Walks)Isolated Power Left on Base On-Base PercentageOn-Base Plus SluggingRunsRuns Batted InSacrifice FliesSacrifice Hits (Bunts)SinglesSlugging PercentageStolen Base PercentageStolen Base RunsStolen BasesStrikeoutsTotal BasesTriples |

Pitching Abbreviations for Statistics | |

AOBB BFPBKCBOCGCGLERERAGFGOGOAOGPGSHHBPHRIBBIPIRAIPSLMB9OBAPARRPFRWS/SHOSOSVSVOTBWWP | Fly Outs (Air)Walks (Bases on Balls) Batters Facing PitcherBalksCombined ShutoutComplete GamesComplete Game LossesEarned RunsEarned Run AverageGames FinishedGround OutsGround Outs / Fly Outs RatioGames PlayedGames StartedHitsHit BattersHome RunsIntentional WalksInnings PitchedInherited Runs AllowedInnings Per StartLossesBaserunners Per 9 InningsOpponents’ Batting AveragePlate AppearancesRunsRelief FailuresRelief WinsShutoutsStrikeoutsSavesSave OpportunitiesTotal BasesWinsWild Pitches |

Defensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ACSDPEGPOFAPBPKPOSBTCTP | AssistsCaught StealingDouble PlaysErrorsGames PlayedOutfield AssistsPassed BallsPickoffsPutoutsStolen Bases Total ChancesTriple Plays |

Miscellaneous Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ML SER | Major League Service |

Baseball Stats Abbreviations 101 |

The “common” set has several variations (DO Doubles, TR Triples, etc.), but these are the ones that are regarded “official” and are the ones that are used here at Baseball Almanac, among other places. Did you know that the National Association (a non-official league that gave rise to the National Leagueofficial )’s statistics were destroyed in a fire in the early 1900’s? Major League Baseball organized a Special Baseball Records Committee in the 1960s to examine the irregular records that had been kept previous to the 1920 season.

## MLB Baseball Abbreviations Legend

MLB Abbreviations and Symbols

Heading | Explanation | Position | Explanation |

W / L | Wins / Losses | C | Catcher |

ATS | Record Against The Spread | 1B | First Base |

Slug | Slugging Percentage | 2B | Second Base |

Ho | Home record | 3B | Third Base |

Aw | Away Record | SS | Short Stop |

O/U | Over/Under Record | LF | Left Field |

AF | Average Runs For | CF | Center Field |

AA | Average Runs Against | RF | Right Field |

BA | Batting Average | DH | Designated Hitter |

SLG | Slugging Percentage | SP | Starting Pitcher |

HR | Home Runs For | RP | Relief Pitcher |

ERA | Earned Run Average | ||

OBP | On Base Percentage | ||

Home-Away | Home Score – Away Score | ||

H Starter | Home Starter in that particular game | ||

A Starter | Away Starter in that particular game | ||

LOB:R | Left On Base to Runs ratio | ||

OPS | Slugging Percentage + On Base Percentage | ||

AVG | Batting Average for that game | ||

Starter | Team’s Starter for that game | ||

IP | Innings the starter pitched | ||

Opp Starter | Innings the starter pitched | ||

H | Hits Allowed by the starter | ||

R | Runs Allowed by the starter | ||

ER | Earned Runs Allowed by the starter | ||

SO | Strikeouts by the starter | ||

BB | Base on Balls allowed by the starter | ||

PIT | Total Pitches by the starter | ||

P/IP | Pitches divided by the number of Innings Pitched | ||

G/F | Number of Ground Ball outs divided by the Fly Ball outs | ||

OBA | Opposition Batting Average | ||

WHIP | Walks and Hits per Inning Pitched | ||

GB:FB | Ground Ball to Fly Ball Ratio | ||

SB | Stolen Bases | ||

CS | Caught Stealing | ||

SB% | Stolen Base Percentage | ||

QS% | Quality Start Percentage | ||

TWL | Team Win – Team Loss | ||

W/L% | Winning Percentage | ||

vs. R | vs. Right-handed Pitchers | ||

vs. L | vs. Left-handed Pitchers | ||

Start | Starters | ||

Rel | Relievers | ||

R/9 | Runs per nine innings | ||

K | Strikeouts | ||

Doub | Doubles | ||

Trip | Triples | ||

$ | Units Won or Lost | ||

Line | Line for the game | ||

$ Won | Units Won | ||

$ Loss | Units Lost |

## MLB Baseball Abbreviations Legend

The Legend of the Major League Baseball Abbreviations

Heading | Explanation | Position | Explanation |

W / L | Wins / Losses | C | Catcher |

ATS | Record Against The Spread | 1B | First Base |

Slug | Slugging Percentage | 2B | Second Base |

Ho | Home record | 3B | Third Base |

Aw | Away Record | SS | Short Stop |

O/U | Over/Under Record | LF | Left Field |

AF | Average Runs For | CF | Center Field |

AA | Average Runs Against | RF | Right Field |

BA | Batting Average | DH | Designated Hitter |

SLG | Slugging Percentage | SP | Starting Pitcher |

HR | Home Runs For | RP | Relief Pitcher |

ERA | Earned Run Average | ||

OBP | On Base Percentage | ||

Home-Away | Home Score – Away Score | ||

H Starter | Home Starter in that particular game | ||

A Starter | Away Starter in that particular game | ||

LOB:R | Left On Base to Runs ratio | ||

OPS | Slugging Percentage + On Base Percentage | ||

AVG | Batting Average for that game | ||

Starter | Team’s Starter for that game | ||

IP | Innings the starter pitched | ||

Opp Starter | Innings the starter pitched | ||

H | Hits Allowed by the starter | ||

R | Runs Allowed by the starter | ||

ER | Earned Runs Allowed by the starter | ||

SO | Strikeouts by the starter | ||

BB | Base on Balls allowed by the starter | ||

PIT | Total Pitches by the starter | ||

P/IP | Pitches divided by the number of Innings Pitched | ||

G/F | Number of Ground Ball outs divided by the Fly Ball outs | ||

OBA | Opposition Batting Average | ||

WHIP | Walks and Hits per Inning Pitched | ||

GB:FB | Ground Ball to Fly Ball Ratio | ||

SB | Stolen Bases | ||

CS | Caught Stealing | ||

SB% | Stolen Base Percentage | ||

QS% | Quality Start Percentage | ||

TWL | Team Win – Team Loss | ||

W/L% | Winning Percentage | ||

vs. R | vs. Right-handed Pitchers | ||

vs. L | vs. Left-handed Pitchers | ||

Start | Starters | ||

Rel | Relievers | ||

R/9 | Runs per nine innings | ||

K | Strikeouts | ||

Doub | Doubles | ||

Trip | Triples | ||

$ | Units Won or Lost | ||

Line | Line for the game | ||

$ Won | Units Won | ||

$ Loss | Units Lost |

## Basic Baseball Stats Abbreviations

It is possible to make an already thrilling game even more interesting to watch by understanding the meanings of fundamental baseball statistics acronyms. If you know the W+S and BS percentages of a pitcher in the 7th inning, for example, a manager’s choice to replace him in the 7th inning signifies a lot more. Continue reading to understand the definitions of significant baseball acronyms, as well as how they impact the effectiveness of a baseball team. A large group of people is watching a baseball game.

## Offensive Statistics Abbreviations

Batting practice is in session, so get ready to swing! The anticipation of seeing a hitter make his way from the strike zone to the infield is one of the most enjoyable aspects of the game. When a hitter or runner attempts to put points on the board, the following abbreviations are used to indicate their position.

### Batting Abbreviations

What is the difference between an AB and a BA for a batter? With the help of these abbreviations, you may become an expert in batting terminology and statistics.

- A total of 1BorS is a single
- A total of 2B is a double
- A total of 3B is a triple
- A total of AB is a total of at bats
- An AB/HR is a total of at bats per home run. AO- Airplane Takeoffs and Landings
- BAorAVG is the batting average
- BAorAVG is the batting average
- Bases on Balls (Walks)
- BB- Bases on Balls (Walks)
- In baseball, BABIP is for Batting Average on Balls in Play. In baseball, BB/K stands for Batting Average on Strikeouts. BRorBsR- Base Runs
- BRorBsR- Base Runs EQA is an abbreviation for Equivalent Average. Ground into Double Plays (GIDP) are a type of ground into double play. Ground Balls to Fly Balls
- GO/AO- Ground Balls to Fly Balls
- GSorGRSL- Grand Slams
- H- Hits
- HBP- Hit by Pitch
- GSorGRSL- Grand Slams
- HRR is an abbreviation for Home Run Ratio
- HR is an abbreviation for Home Runs
- HR/H is an abbreviation for Home Runs per Hit. Home Run within the park, abbreviated as ITPHR
- ISO is an abbreviation for Isolated Power
- KorSO is an abbreviation for Strikeouts
- And OBP is an abbreviation for On-Base Percentage. OPS stands for On-Base Plus Slugging
- PA stands for Plate Appearance
- PA/SO stands for Plate Appearances per Strikeout
- RBI stands for Runs Batted In
- RC stands for Runs Created. RISP stands for Runner in Scoring Position
- RP stands for Runs Produced
- SF stands for Sacrifice Flies
- SH stands for Sacrifice Hits (bunts)
- SLG stands for Slugging Average
- TA stands for Total Average
- TB stands for Total Bases
- TOB stands for Times on Base
- XBH stands for Extra Base Hits.

### Baserunning Abbreviations

What happens now when the hitter has reached second base? An individual’s SB percentage becomes extremely essential while examining his or her possibilities at second base, for example. Take a look at these acronyms that might help you forecast if a runner will remain put or try to take the ball from you.

- CS stands for Caught Stealing
- DI stands for Defensive Indifference
- LOB stands for Left on Base (Runners)
- R stands for Runs
- SB stands for Stolen Bases. SB percent stands for Stolen Base Percentage
- SBAorATT stands for Stolen Base Attempts
- SBR stands for Stolen Base Runs
- And UBR stands for Ultimate Base Running.

## Defense Statistics Abbreviations

A high-quality pitcher has the ability to influence the flow and outcome of a baseball game. An inexpensive pitcher, on the other hand, can accomplish the same result. See how the statistics of fielders and pitchers may have an impact on a baseball team’s infield and outfield defense.

### Fielding Abbreviations

What distinguishes a first baseman as one worth keeping an eye on? What about a left fielder or right fielder? With the help of these acronyms, you may get more familiar with fielding statistics.

- A stands for assists
- CI stands for Catcher’s Interference
- DP stands for double plays
- E stands for errors
- FP stands for Fielding Percentage
- GP stands for games played. The following terms are used in baseball: INN-innings (in a certain position)
- OFA-outfield assists
- PB-passed balls
- PK-pickoffs
- PO-putouts
- TC-total chances (assists plus putouts + errors)
- TP-triple plays
- UZR-ultimate zone rating.

### Pitching Abbreviations

Pitching statistics have the ability to make or break a team’s defensive performance.

Examine the following baseball acronyms to determine what is desirable – and what is unsafe – in a pitching bullpen.

- BB- Bases on Balls
- BB/9- Bases on Balls per nine innings
- BF- Batters Faced
- BB/9- Bases on Balls per nine innings BFP stands for Batters Facing the Pitcher. Balks (illegal pitching actions)
- BK- Balks (Balks (Illegal Pitching Actions)
- BS stands for Blown Save. CERA is for Component ERA
- CBO stands for Combined Shutout
- CG stands for Complete Games
- CGL stands for Complete Game Losses
- DICE stands for Defense-Independent Component ERA. ER is for Earned Runs
- ERA stands for Earned Run Average. GorGP- Games have been pitched
- GF- Games have been completed. Double Plays or Double Play Groundouts Induced
- GIDPO- Double Play Opportunities
- GIDP- Double Plays or Double Play Groundouts Induced GIR stands for Games in Relief. GO- Ground Outs
- GO/AO- Ground Outs to Fly Outs
- GO/AO- Ground Outs to Fly Outs GS stands for Games Started
- FIP stands for Fielding Independent Pitching. HorHA stands for Hits Allowed
- H/9orHA/9 stands for Hits Allowed over 9 Innings
- HBorHBP stands for Hit Batters
- HLDorH stands for Hold
- HRorHRA stands for Home Runs Allowed. IR- Inherited Runners
- IRA- Inherited Runs Allowed
- K- Strikeouts
- K/9orSO/9- Strikeouts per nine innings
- L- Losses (while pitching)
- BB- Balls on Bases
- IPS- Innings Per Start
- IBBorIW- Intentional Walks
- IP/GS- Innings Pitched Per Games Started
- IP/GS- Innings Pitched per Games Started LOB is an abbreviation for Left on Base
- LOB percent is an abbreviation for Left on Base Percentage
- OBA is an abbreviation for Opponents’ Batting Average. The pitch count and strike count inside those pitches are denoted by the letters PC-ST. PIT or NP-Pitch Count
- MB9-Baserunners Per 9 Innings
- PIT or NP-Pitch Count
- PFR is the Power Finesse Ratio (the sum of strikeouts and walks divided by the number of innings pitched). QOP is for Quality of Pitch
- QS stands for Quality Start. RA is for Run Average (number of runs allowed over nine innings)
- RPF stands for Relief Failures
- RW stands for Relief Wins. Shutouts
- S/SHO- Shutouts SIERA (Skill-Interactive Earned Run Average) is an acronym that stands for Skill-Interactive Earned Run Average. A combination of K/SO and strikeouts. SV- Saves
- SVO- Save Opportunities
- W- Wins
- W+S- Relief Wins and Saves
- SV- Saves
- SVO- Save Opportunities WHIP is the number of walks and hits allowed per inning pitched. WP stands for Wild Pitches.

## NERD Statistics

When it comes to baseball acronyms, the acronym NERD may come up in conversation. NERD is an abbreviation for Narration, Exposition, Reflection, and Description, which is a word used in abermetrics. In its simplest form, it is a mathematical formula that evaluates the aesthetic worth of seeing a pitcher (pNERD) or a team (tNERD) play baseball based on a variety of performance measures.

- Grades 8 through 12 are divided into four categories: middle school, high school, and college.

### Related Articles

- Baseball Position Abbreviations and Numbers (Baseball Positions) A baseball position list may be quite useful while studying the game of baseball or when attempting to solve a baseball crossword puzzle puzzle hint. In baseball, the different player positions are sometimes reduced and replaced with standardized numbers in order to make calling and scoring a game more efficient
- For example, Baseball Abbreviations for the Scoreboard and Scorecard Baseball scorecards are used by everyone from Little League umpires to Major League umpires to baseball spectators to keep track of all the activity during a game of baseball. If you want to be able to write or read a baseball scorecard, you’ll need to start by being familiar with all of the standard baseball scorecard acronyms and symbols.

## Baseball Acronyms – Abbreviations

To be successful in handicap games, you must be familiar with the jargon and abbreviations used in the industry. In the list below, you’ll discover a collection of baseball acronyms that you’re likely to see on stat sheets and in box scores. USE YOUR VISA CARD TO DEPOSIT AT ATSPORTS AND PLACE A BET ON MLB GAMES BETTINGAB:At bats is a good bet. ADP is an abbreviation for Average Draft Position. AL stands for American League. A:Assists Batting average (BA): BA A:Batting average versus the opposition BB:Base on balls is an abbreviation for Base on Balls (walk) BF:Batters were up against it BK:Balk BS:Blown opportunity CG: The game has been completed.

- ERA is an abbreviation for earned run average.
- GB stands for ground ball.
- G/F: The ratio of ground balls to fly balls.
- HP:Home plate is spelled with a capital letter.
- LOB:Left over on the field Major League Baseball (MLB) is a type of baseball played in the United States.

OF:Outfield OBP:On base percentage OPS:On base percentage plus slugging percentage PB:Passed ball PO:Put outs POS:Position played QS:Quality starts R:Run scored RBI:Run batted inRibbie:Slang for “RBI” or “run batted in” RHP:Right handed pitcher RISP:Runners in scoring position RP:Relief pitcher RS:Run support S:Sacrafice SB:Stolen base SF:Sacrifice FlySLG:Slugging percentage SHO:Shutout SP:Starting pitcher SV:SaveSLG:Slugging percentage TB:Total bases TC:Total chances TP:Triple play WHIP:Walks + Hits divided by innings pitched WP:Wild pitch X BH:Extra base hits

## Baseball statistics – BR Bullpen

Baseball statistics are extremely essential, probably more so than in any other sport. Because the game of baseball has a fairly ordered flow to it, it lends itself to easy record keeping and statistical analysis, which is advantageous. As a result, it is extremely simple to create comparisons between players’ on-field performances, and as a result, baseball statistics are given greater prominence than they are in most other sports.

## Development of statistics

Henry Chadwick established the tradition of maintaining records of the players’ accomplishments in the 19th century, and it has continued ever since. Based on his cricketing expertise, Chadwick established the precursors of modern-day statistics such as batting average, runs scored, and runs allowed, among other things. The statistical world of baseball has traditionally been dominated by statistics such as hitters’ batting average (the number of hits divided by the number of at bats) and pitchers’ earned run average (roughly the number of runs given up by a pitcher per nine innings).

These statistics are intended to provide a more accurate representation of a player’s overall performance and contribution to his team from year to year.

In 1969, MacMillan Publishing published the firstBaseball Encyclopedia, which was the first publication to use a computer to gather statistics for the sport.

Interestingly, this research resulted in the identification of a number of players who did not appear in the official record books. In the case of Lou Proctor, for example, some of these “phantom ballplayers” were removed from the record books.

## Use of statistics

Player statistics are studied by general managers and baseball scouts in order to make conclusions about the skills of individual players. Managers, catchers, and pitchers research the statistics of opposing teams’ batters in order to determine the best way to pitch to them and place the players on the field in order to win the game. Managers and hitters research opposing pitchers in order to find out how to hit them the most effectively. Management makes personnel choices during games, such as who to start in the lineup and which relief pitcher to bring in, on the basis of statistical data collected throughout the game.

- The most frequently mentioned batting statistics are batting average, runs batted in, and home runs.
- For pitchers, wins, earned run average, and strikeouts are the classic statistics that are most frequently referenced.
- Some sabermetric data have made their way into the mainstream of baseball.
- It is calculated by multiplying the hitter’s base percentage (the number of times he or she reached base—by any means—divided by the total number of plate appearances) by the hitter’s slugging percentage (total basesdivided by at bats).
- The batting average of a pitcher is also significant in measuring his or her degree of success.
- A pitcher’s statistics may be broken down into several categories, the most important of which are K/9IP (strikeouts per nine innings), K/BB (strikeouts per walk), HR/9, WHIP (walks plus hits per inning thrown), and OOPS (opponent on-base plus slugging).
- In the case of pitchers, these statistics, such as the Defense-Independent ERA (dERA), make an attempt to evaluate a pitcher on the basis of events that are completely influenced by the pitcher’s performance and not by the strength of the defensive players behind him or her.
- An experienced manager may be more inclined to give a given batter more opportunities to face left-handed pitchers because of the hitter’s ability to hit left-handed pitchers.

Depending on the pitcher (or vice versa), other batters may have a track record of success against that pitcher, and the manager can utilize this knowledge to construct a beneficial matchup.

## Commonly used statistics

The majority of these words are also applicable to softball. Several commonly used statistics, as well as their acronyms, are described in this section. In order to provide a fast reference, the explanations below do not fully or totally describe the statistic; for a more thorough definition, please go to the related article for each statistic.

### Batting statistics

- A single hit that allows the batter to safely reach first base without the assistance of a fielding mistake is designated as 1B. 2B -Double-hits in which the hitter successfully advances to second base without the assistance of a fielding mistake
- 3B -Triple-hits in which the hitter successfully advances to third base without the assistance of a fielding error
- The term “at bat” refers to a batting appearance, which does not include bases-on-balls, balls hit by pitches, sacrifices, interference, or obstruction. At bats per home run (AB/HR) is the sum of at bats divided by the number of home runs. BA – Batting average (often abbreviated AVG) – the number of hits divided by the number of at bats The term “base on balls” refers to a situation in which a batter receives four balls and advances to first base. Walking to strikeout ratio (BB/K) is the number of base on balls divided by the number of outs in a game. Extra base hits (doubles, triples, and home runs) are referred to as XBH. FC (Fielder’s Choice) refers to situations when a runner reaches base after a fielder has decided to try to force an out on another runner. Number of ground balls out divided by the number of fly ball outs is known as AO/GO (Ground Ball Fly Ball Ratio). Number of ground balls that were hit and turned into double plays (also known as GDP or GiDP)
- When a home run is hit with the bases loaded, four runs are scored and four RBIs are recorded to the batter, this is known as a Grand Slam. Batted fair ball with no errors by the defense resulted in a hit, which allowed the batter to advance to second base. HBP (hit by pitch) refers to instances in which a pitch is touched and the batter is given first base as a consequence. Home runs are defined as hits on which the hitter successfully touches all four bases without the benefit of a defensive mistake. IBB stands for “intentional base on balls.” A base on balls (see BB above) is a base on balls that is intentionally thrown by the pitcher. IW (intentional walk) is another term for this activity. Number of times a strike three is taken or swung at and missed or a bunted foul is committed is denoted by the letter K. LOB (Left on Base) refers to the number of runners who are not out and have not scored at the end of an inning. OBP (On Base Percentage) is calculated by dividing the number of times a player has reached base (H + BB + HBP) by the total number of at bats plus walks plus hit by pitch plus sacrifice flies (AB + BB + HBP + SF). On-base plus slugging (OPS) is the sum of the on-base percentage and the slugging average. PA -Plate appearance – is the total number of completed batting appearances in a season. It is possible to assess how many runs a player has contributed to his team using the RC (Runs generated) statistic. In baseball, the term “run batted in” refers to the number of runners who have scored as the result of a hitter’s action, with the exception of when the batter grounds into a double play or reaches on an error. Sacrifice fly (SF) – the number of fly ball outs that allow another runner to advance on the basepaths or score a run
- Number of sacrifice bunts that have been made to allow another runner to advance on the basepaths or score
- SH -Sacrifice hit – SLG (slugging average) is the sum of all bases divided by the number of at-bats. To calculate total average, divide total bases plus walks plus steals by the number of plate appearances plus the number of times a player is caught stealing. T – Total bases: one for each single, two for each double, three for each triple, and four for each home run
- TB = Total bases
- TOB (Times on Base) refers to the number of times a player has reached base as a consequence of hits, walks, or being hit by a pitch.

### Baserunning statistics

- If someone is caught stealing, they are tagged out for a certain amount of time. Number of bases advanced other than through batted balls, walks, or hits by pitch
- SB -Stolen base R – Runscored – times when the player returned to home base legally and safely
- R – Runscored – times when the player returned to home base illegally and safely
- R – Runsscored – times when the player returned to home base illegally and safely
- R – Run

### Pitching statistics

- BABIP (Batting Average on Balls in Play) is a batting average against a pitcher on batted balls that end a plate appearance, excluding home runs, that is calculated after a plate appearance. BB is an abbreviation for “base on balls” (also called a “walk”) times throwing four balls, allowing the batter-runner to make it to first base on four different occasions In baseball, BB/9 is defined as the number of base on balls multiplied by nine and divided by the number of innings pitched (bases on balls for every nine innings pitched). BF – total batters faced – the total number of plate appearances made by the opponent In baseball, BK stands for the number of times a pitcher executes an unlawful throwing motion or other illegal activity while in contact with the pitching rubber, resulting in baserunners moving forward. Number of times a player has entered the game in a save position and then been charged with a run that ties the game
- BS -Blown save- CERA is an acronym that stands for Component In baseball, the term “earned run average” (ERA) refers to an estimate of a pitcher’s ERA based on the separate components of his statistical line (Ks, H, 2B, 3B, HR, BB, HBP)
- CG -Complete game – the number of games in which a player was the lone pitcher for his side
- A player’s CG -Complete game – DICE (Defense-Independent Component) is an acronym that stands for Defense-Independent Component. the estimated earned run average (ERA) of a pitcher based on the components of his statistical line that are not reliant on defense (K, HR, BB, HBP)
- In baseball, earned runs are the number of runs that are not scored as a consequence of mistakes or passed balls. ERA (earned run average) is calculated as follows: earned runs multiplied by the number of innings in a game (typically nine) divided by the number of innings pitched
- G -Games thrown (also known as’Appearances ‘) – the number of times a pitcher throws a pitch in a season. The number of games pitched in which the player was the last pitcher for his club is denoted by the letter GF (Games completed). Ground ball to fly ball ratio (G/F) is the number of ground balls permitted divided by the number of fly balls allowed. A player’s number of games pitched when he was the first pitcher for his team is denoted by the letter GS. H/9 -Hits per nine innings – Hits allowed multiplied by nine divided by the number of innings pitched (also known as H/9IP -Hits allowed per nine innings pitched)
- H/9IP -Hits allowed per nine innings pitched H -Hits Allowed – total number of hits permitted
- HB -Hit batsman – refers to a hitter who has been hit by a pitch, allowing the runner to reach first base. HLD (or H) -Hold- is the number of games in which a save situation has been entered, where the save situation has been abandoned, where at least one out has been recorded, and where the lead has not been relinquished
- HR -Home runs permitted – total number of home runs permitted It is permissible to use intentional base on balls (IBB). It stands for inherited runners, which is the amount of runners on base when the pitcher comes into the game. IRA (Inherited Runs Allowed) is the maximum number of inherited runners that can score. Innings pitched is the product of the number of outs recorded while pitching multiplied by three. Innings pitched per game (IP/GS) is the average number of innings pitched each game. K – Strikeout – the number of hitters that were hit with a third strike
- AKA K/9 (Strikeouts per nine innings) is calculated by multiplying the number of strikeouts by nine and dividing the number of innings pitched (Strikeouts per nine innings pitched). A ratio of strikeouts to walks is calculated by dividing the number of strikeouts by the number of base on balls. Winning percentage of games in which pitcher was pitching when the opposition side gained an early lead, never relinquished control of the lead, and went on to win
- Opponents batting average (OBA) is calculated by dividing the number of hits allowed by the number of at-bats faced. PITCH COUNT – Number of pitches thrown (Pitch Count)
- RA (Run Average) is the product of the number of runs allowed multiplied by nine and divided by the number of innings pitched. Running against the average is a sabermetric statistic that may be used to forecast victory %. SO – Shutout – the amount of complete games thrown without allowing a single run
- A pitcher’s save is the number of games in which a pitcher enters a game with a lead held by the pitcher’s team and exits that game with no loss of the lead, is not the winning pitcher, and either (a) the lead was three runs or less when the pitcher entered the game
- (b) the potential tying run was on base or at bat
- Or (c) the pitcher pitched three or more innings. In games when a pitcher was pitching while his team gained the lead and went on to win (also known as winning percentage), W represents the number of games won. When a pitch is thrown too high, too low, or too wide of home plate for the catcher to field, a wild pitch charge is applied, enabling one or more runners to advance or score.

### Fielding statistics

- It is possible to record the number of outs on a play in which a fielder touches the ball, save if such touching is for a putout, as a “Assist.” One for each double play in which the fielder recorded a putout or an assist, and one for each double play in which the fielder recorded an assist
- DP -Double plays Number of times a fielder fails to make a play that he should have made with reasonable effort, and the offense gains as a result of this failure
- To calculate fielding percentage, divide the total number of plays (chances less mistakes) by the total number of opportunities. INN -Innnings – the number of innings that a player spends in a specific position on the field When the ball is dropped and one or more runners advance, the catcher is charged with a passed ball (also known as a passed ball charge). Number of times a fielder tags, forces, or appeals a runner and the runner is subsequently thrown out
- PO – Putout Ranging factor (*9) divided by the number of innings played. When determining how much field a player can cover, this is taken into consideration. Stolen bases (also known as stolen bases) refer to the number of times a runner advances on a pitch without being caught by the catcher. TC stands for total chances, which includes assists, putouts, and mistakes. Each triple play during which the fielder recorded a putout or an assist is denoted by the letters TP (triple play).

### General statistics

- G -Games played – the total number of games in which the player participated in full or in part

## Further Reading

- Baseball, Statistics, and the Role of Chance in the Game by Jim Albert and Jay Bennett was published by Copernicus Books in New York in 2001 with the ISBN 978-0387988160
- Jim Albert and Jay Bennett’s Curve Ball is available on Amazon.com for $9.99. Jim Albert: Teaching Statistics Using Baseball, 2nd edition, Mathematical Association of America Press, Providence, RI, 2017.ISBN 978-1-93951-216-1
- Gabriel B. Costa, Michael R. Huber, and John T. Saccoman: Understanding Sabermetrics: An Introduction to the Science of Baseball Statistics, 2nd edition, Mathematical Association of America Press, Providence, RI, 2017.ISBN 978-1-93951-216-1
- Jim Albert: Teaching Statistics Using Baseball McFarland & Company, Jefferson, North Carolina, 2008
- William Darby: Deconstructing Major League Baseball, 1991-2004: How Statistics Illuminate Individual and Team Performances, McFarland & Company, Jefferson, North Carolina, 2008. McFarland & Company, Jefferson, North Carolina, 2006. Steve Gardner (interviewer): “According to Gary Gillette and Lyle Spatz: “Not chiseled in stone. A guide to advanced baseball statistics like as WAR, BABIP, FIP, and more”, USA Today, July 17, 2019. Baseball’s Enduring Records and the SABR Era”, The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 2 (Fall 2011), pp. 7-11
- Glenn Guzzo, “The New Ballgame: Understanding Baseball Statistics for the Casual Fan,” ACTA Sports, Skokie, IL, 2007
- Bill James, “Stats in Baseball,” The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 2 (Fall 2011), pp. 7-11
- Bill James, “Stats “Kevin Reavy and Ryan Spaeder:Is Baseball a Simple Game?, in: Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns:Baseball: an Illustrated History, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, NY, 1994, pp. 101-103
- Keith Law:Smart Baseball: The Story Behind the Old Stats That Are Ruining the Game, the New Stats That Are Running It, and the Right Way to Think About Baseball, HarperCollins, New York, NY, 2017.

Some or all of the information in this article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License, which you can read more about here. “Baseball statistics” is taken from the Wikipedia page “Baseball statistics.”

## The Abbreviations for Baseball Positions

When watching baseball or looking at statistics, it may be difficult for people who are unfamiliar with the game to understand what the acronyms imply for the various positions on the field. Before you watch a game or attempt to look through statistics, you will need a general understanding of each position and its popular shorthand in order to appreciate the game better.

## Infield

With the exception of one offensive position in baseball, all positions in baseball are defensive. Batting third is the sole offensive position in baseball, and it is occupied by a player who is about to take a swing at home plate. First base, second base, shortstop, and third base are the defensive positions that are primarily concerned with the bases. These four positions make up the infield, which is abbreviated as IF. First base is abbreviated as 1B, second base is abbreviated as 2B, and third base is abbreviated as 3B.

The duties of these positions include catching balls that have been hit by the batter as well as catching balls that have been tossed by other players in the field.

## Pitcher

In baseball, the pitcher is by far the most important defensive player on the field. P is the acronym for pitcher, and it stands for plain and simple. The pitcher has two primary tasks, the first of which is significantly different from those of other positions. The pitcher throws the ball to the hitter and then fielded any balls that landed around the middle of the baseball diamond throughout the game.

## Catcher

Besides being another defensive position, the catcher is also the only one of its sort in the whole sport. A shorthand for the catcher is C, which stands for Catcher. The catcher is responsible for catching, or at the very least blocking, all pitches from the pitcher as well as hits and pop-ups from the batter in the vicinity of the catcher’s position, which is located just behind home plate in foul territory; the catcher may also be called upon to throw out an opposing team’s base runner who is attempting to steal a base on occasion.

## Outfield

The outfield, sometimes known as the OF in baseball, is divided into three sections. Center field, left field, and right field are the three areas designated by the letters CF, LF, and RF, respectively.

In baseball, it is the role of the outfielders to collect or chase down any balls that are hit into the outfield by the batter, and to return the ball if required to a base or to another infielder in the field.

## What Does Putout (PO) Mean In Baseball (Details)

The meaning of baseball abbreviations and terminology is vital to grasp if you want to become a better player. One often asked question we get is: What is the role of the ‘putout’ or PO in baseball? We’ll make an attempt to address this question by providing you with a concise description and an explanation of its purpose. We’ll also go over another baseball phrase that’s connected, and we’ll finish with some more questions to help you expand your knowledge and become a more well-versed baseball player yourself.

## Put Out (PO)

Putting it another way, a putout is when a fielder is given credit for getting the hitter or runner on the other team out of the game. There are several methods by which players can obtain this credit. and some of the most prevalent methods are as follows: Attempting to strike out the third batter A base is being targeted for a forceout. Tagging a runner in preparation for a tagout A base is being tagged on an appeal play. Being in close proximity to a runner while there is interference Check This Incredible Video: Rare 9-3 Putout Compilation” is a compilation of rare 9-3 putouts.

“Wisecrack Edition” > “Wisecrack Edition” We’ll go through each of these reasons in greater depth later on.

### Catching a Flyout

A flyball occurs when a hitter lobs or smashes the ball in such a way that it flies into the air. If any of the defensive players manage to grab the ball before it touches the ground, the batter will be dismissed, and this will be referred to as a flyout. The foul area is not the only place where flyouts can occur. The putout is awarded to the player who successfully catches the flyball in the air.

### Pitching The Third Strikeout

A strikeout occurs when a batter fails to strike out on the final pitch of the inning. This is a putout that is given to pitchers since they are the ones who threw the ball that went over the batter’s bat and into the stands.

### Tagging a Base for a Forceout

A force out occurs when a hit or ground ball is collected by a fielder and then tagged at the base of the batter’s plate. The putout is awarded to the fielder who tagged the base in the first place.

### Tagging a Runner for a Tagout

This is extremely similar to a forceout, with the distinction being that instead of tagging the base, the fielder tags the runner to indicate the out in this situation. When a tagout is performed, the fielder who performed it is credited with the putout.

### Tagging a Base On An Appeal Play

It is called an appeal play when the defensive side draws the umpire’s attention to an arule infringement on the field. An appeal play in which the tagger successfully catches the ball and tags the base results in a putout that is awarded to the tagger.

### Being Close to a Runner During Interference

When the batting team is penalized by the umpire for interfering with or impeding any fielder or the flow of play, this is referred to as interference. A fielder who is in close proximity to a base runner who has been suspected of interfering with the play is also given credit. Take a look at this video to learn more about the Runner Lane Interference Rule: “frameborder=”0” fullscreen is permitted if the following attributes are met: accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture “The Dark Knight Rises: What Went Wrong?” is the title of the article.

## Put Out vs Assist

Another point that may be unclear to some is the difference between a putout and an assist, which is described below. This distinction is rather simple to comprehend. An assist is a play made by a player in order to aid other position players in reaching a putout. For instance, when a fielder sends a pitch to another player who tags a base in order to get the runner out, this is an example of a tag. The fielder who threw the ball will be credited with the assist in this situation. The fielder receives an assist as long as he or she makes contact with the ball, even if it is inadvertent.

## FAQs

Yes, it does, but only under specific circumstances. ” PO is most commonly used in major league baseball and the majority of professional leagues to refer to a putout. However, at the high school or college league level, college coaches might refer to a player who specializes in pitching as a ‘pitcher only,’ which means that he or she exclusively pitches.

### What is a PO in High School Baseball?

As previously stated, high school and college coaches refer to a specialized player who understands how to pitch well as a ‘pitcher only’ when referring to that player’s abilities. The legitimacy of this technique is debatable, depending on who you speak with. A player’s ability to work on all parts of the game, according to some, will help them improve their grasp of the game and raise their chances of making it to the major leagues in the future. Others believe that concentrating on a single facet of the game and being really proficient with a ball or a bat is all that is required to become genuinely remarkable and will have the most influence on your long-term success.

### What Does SO Mean in Baseball?

Some people may confuse SO with PO because they seem like comparable baseball statistics, but SO really refers to a’strikeout,’ which is what it is. As we’ve previously discussed in this article, strikeouts and their applications are a type of put out that is granted to the pitcher for recording his third strike when a hitter hits the ball with his bat. “Major League Baseball’s Top Strikeout Pitchers:” frameborder=”0″ The following attributes are permitted: acceleration sensor, automatic playback, encrypted-media, gyroscope, picture-in-picture, and picture-in-picture.

“Wisecrack Edition” > “Wisecrack Edition”

## Conclusion

We hope that this article has answered some of your questions regarding PO, its definition, and how it is used in the sport of baseball. Make sure to browse the rest of our website for further information on a variety of baseball-related topics. We have materials to help you improve your knowledge and attain your full potential as a ballplayer, regardless of whether you are an experienced player or a complete novice. This page was last updated on

## A complete beginner’s guide to baseball stats: Batting statistics, and what they mean

Baseball is a game of statistics. Statistical information can be found in many sports, but there is something unique about baseball that makes it the ideal sport for statisticians of all stripes. Indeed, the study of baseball statistics has been given a distinct name: sabermetrics, which stands for sabermetric analysis of baseball statistics. With all of the wacky terms like DRS and wRC+ being thrown around in baseball articles, it can be difficult for baseball writers to remember that there are those who don’t obsess over the minutiae of the game, but simply enjoy it for what it is: a game.

As a result, in order to make things easier for people who are unfamiliar with baseball statistics, we’ll take a deep dive into what each of the major baseball data means.

Consider this to be an introductory course on baseball statistical analysis.

Without further ado, let us go through the fundamentals of a box score. The following is the Tigersbox score from a game against theTampa Bay Rays on July 10. We have left off the pitching statistics, which will be covered in greater detail in the following section. ESPN provided the image.

#### At Bats (AB)

This one is very self-explanatory, however it can be a little difficult to understand. It is depicted as AB in a box score. At Bats are the number of times a player comes to the plate and either hits, strikes out, reaches on an error, or is fielded out of the field by the other team. Walking, sacrificing one’s own base, and being hit by pitch are all examples of what does not qualify as an at bat. Thus, while Jose Iglesias appears to have fewer at bats than the other members of the lineup, he actually has more since he has walked more than the other members of the lineup.

Because it includes both of the categories above, plate appearances are a more literal representation of how many times a player has really appeared at the plate on a given occasion.

#### Run (R) and Runs Batted In (RBI)

When a hitter reaches home plate, either via their own efforts (a home run) or through the efforts of another batter, they are awarded an Arun(R). It is possible to score a run as a consequence of a batter’s efforts, which is denoted by the term “run batted in.” Confused? It’s not an issue. We can see in the box score above that Jeimer Candelario has scored a run, but he does not have an RBI. While he did cross home plate and score a run, it did not happen as a consequence of his own at-bat. RBIs have been recorded by bothNicholas Castellanos andNiko Goodrum.

Let’s see what happens.

I’m not sure how I figured it out without searching.

Based on the batting order and the restricted amount of runs and RBIs scored throughout the game, it was easy to come to the conclusion stated above.

#### Hits (H)

During an at bat, a hit (H) is defined as when the hitter reaches at least first base. Thus becomes a little more complicated since a hitter can reach first base on an error or a fielder’s choice, and this does not count as a hit in the final analysis. ** I’m included this disclaimer since I’m continuing to use the terminology and don’t want to cause any misunderstanding. An erroris was defined as any situation in which a fielder made a mistake that allowed the batter to advance to second base without being thrown out.

- Afielder’s choice denotes that an offensive player permitted the batter to advance to first base as a consequence of an unsuccessful attempt to put out a different runner in the field of play at the time.
- This would be deemed a fielder’s choice.
- Because a hit does not include an error or a fielder’s choice, it is possible for a hitter to reach first base without it being counted as a hit in baseball.
- A double, in which the hitter advances to second base, is denoted by the number 2B.

An HR is a representation of a home run. Every one of them is referred to as a “extra base hit.” In most cases, basic game box scores just indicate hits; however, a player’s stat page on a website such as Baseball Reference or FanGraphs will provide a more extensive assessment of their performance.

#### Base on Balls (BB)

This statistic is a slang term for the act of walking. This only applies when a hitter hits four balls in a row and is awarded first base as a result of doing so. An intentional walk (also known as IBB, or intentional base on balls) counts as a walk in the same way. An exception to this rule is when a hitter gets struck by the ball (also known as a hit by pitch or HBP) and is awarded a tripe to first base in response to the hit. Strikeouts are a type of dismissal (K) Strikeouts are rather easy; a strikeout occurs when a hitter sees or swings at three strikes, resulting in the batter’s at-bat being terminated.

If the batter is struck out looking, the batter is struck out looking, and the strikeout is signified by a K.

### Batting Stats

Batting average (also known as AVG above), on-base percentage (OBP) and slugging percentage (SLG) are the three most important batting statistics to grasp in baseball (SLG). These are sometimes depicted as three stats side by side, separated by slashes, which has given rise to the moniker “slash line,” as in.220/.267/.314 (James McCann’s 2018 slash line), which is an abbreviation for “slash line.” If you ever read that a player “slashed” a given number, it will almost always be followed by one or more of the three statistics listed above.

Examine the methods used to calculate each of those numbers.

#### Batting Average (AVG or BA)

This one is really straightforward. The batting average (BA) of a player is derived by dividing the total number of hits by the total number of at bats. An individual player’s season overall batting average, rather than simply a single game average, would be represented by the box score shown above. This provides a more thorough picture of how a player has performed to this point in time. It would be reasonable to assume that every third at bat resulted in a hit for a player with a.300 average.

#### On-base percentage (OBP)

This is also referred to as the “on-base average” from time to time in baseball (OBA). If you’ve seen the movieMoneyball, you might have a rudimentary concept of why this statistic is prized by certain teams and is considered more useful than batting average by others. This statistic is more comprehensive than batting average since it takes into account all of the times a batter advances to second base. Unlike in previous years, errors and fielder’s choice do not go towards this total, but it does include hits, walks, and batters who are hit by a pitch.

According to mathematical formulas, on-base percentage is computed by subtracting the total number of hits from the total number of walks and strikeouts, then dividing the result by the total number of at bats, walks, strikeouts, and sacrifice flies.

Yes, that is a significant amount. It’s no surprise that it is regarded as more inclusive.

#### Slugging (SLG)

Accept my apologies in advance for getting a little mathematical here. Slugging is defined as the sum of all bases (including all extra base hits) divided by the number of at bats. The most straightforward approach to comprehend this is to look at the formula. Thanks to Wikipedia for this image. Who else has the impression that they’re back in high school math class? It is advantageous to use slugging as a stat rather than batting average since it gives more weight to a player’s extra base hits rather than giving equal weight to all hits, as batting average does.

It enables for a more complete picture of a player’s overall performance at the plate to be obtained.

#### On-base plus slugging (OPS)

This may be regarded an overall evaluation of a player’s productivity because it takes into account both how frequently the batter gets to base (on-base percentage) and how frequently they hit for extra bases (on-base percentage) (SLG). It is usually accepted that if you see someone hitting with an OPS of over 1.000, it means that they are having an exceptionally outstanding season at the plate. Niko Castellanos was the Tigers’ top offensive performer last season, posting an OBP of.354, an SLG of.500, and an OPS of.854.

OPS+ analyzes a player’s overall point total and adjusts it for external factors like as the parks in which the game was played (as some are more hitter friendly than others).

For example, Castellanos had an OPS+ of 130 in 2018, which indicates that he performed 30 percent higher than the league average.

Because OPS+ begins to introduce us to more sophisticated statistics, we’ll conclude our fundamental statistics course here.