What Is Slugging Percentage in Baseball? The Ultimate Guide
In baseball, huge hits are responsible for a large number of the game’s most thrilling plays. When a hitter hits a double into the corner of the infield, a triple into the alley, or a home run over the wall, it is called a double. Slugging % is a famous statistic that stresses the importance of swinging for the fences, and it is indicative of the sorts of plays that get spectators out of their seats and on their feet. So, what is the slugging % in this case? Extra-base hits, such as doubles, triples, and home runs, are calculated using the slugging percentage statistic, which indicates how successful a batter is at hitting these types of hits.
The statistic is determined by taking the total number of bases and dividing it by the number of at bats.
Let’s go a little more into the statistic:
What Is Slugging Percentage in Baseball?
The purpose of slugging % is to attribute a figure to a hitter’s ability to drive the ball and rack up extra-base hits, and this is accomplished via the use of advanced statistics. Despite the fact that the statistic is known as “slugging percentage,” the term is a little misleading because it is really a ratio, or what is known as a “rate stat,” rather than a genuine percentage. A batter’s slugging percentage (often abbreviated as SLUG or SLG, or simply referred to as “slugging”) is calculated by dividing the total number of bases or the total number of bases earned in all of his hits by the total number of official at bats.
It comes down to determining the average number of bases that a batter would gain for every official at bat, which means that both the ability to collect extra-base hits and the ability to do so on a consistent basis are important factors in achieving a high slugging percentage in the game of baseball.
How Do You Calculate Slugging Percentage in Baseball?
bmcent1 courtesy of Canva.com Two pieces of information are required in order to compute an individual’s slugging percentage: the total number of at bats the player has had and the total number of bases he has amassed. The slugging percentage formula is rather straightforward, and it is derived by dividing the total number of bases scored by the total number of at bats taken. Total bases are calculated by taking a batter’s total number of hits and adding one additional base for each double, two more bases for each triple, and three additional bases for each home run.
- One important point to keep in mind while calculating slugging % is that it only considers legitimate at bats and not unauthorized at bats.
- Bases on balls (walks), hit-by-pitch, sacrifice bunts, and sacrifice flies are all deleted from the at bat ledger for the sake of keeping track of the number of at bats.
- For practice, let’s look at how to compute a hitter’s slugging percentage: Consider the following scenario: a hitter has 235 plate appearances, but has only walked 20 times and has been hit by five pitches.
- Due to the omission of the last four columns (20+5+5+5), the number of at bats for the batter will be 200 instead of 200+5.
- To calculate total bases, start with the 60 hits and then add 10 for doubles (one base for each), another 10 for triples (two bases apiece), and 30 for home runs to get the total (three bases each).
- Finally, if you split 110 total bases by 200 at bats, you get a slugging percentage of 0.55, which is a good result.
It will be expressed as.550 because that statistic is typically always written with three decimals, which means that our sample batter will average.55 total bases per at bat on average. The question is whether that is a reasonable number or not.
What Is a Good Slugging Percentage in Baseball?
The fact that slugging % is a rate statistic means that it is subject to up-and-down variations in Major League Baseball as the league’s conditions change. It is possible that these changes will take the form of a changed composition of the actual baseball, regulation changes, new ballparks (with different dimensions), altering trends in pitcher use, or even weather that is poorer than typical throughout the season. Despite this, there is a very well-defined threshold for what constitutes a “good” slugging percentage.
- Similarly, heading towards the extremes, a slugging percentage of.350 is considered bad, while a slugging percentage of.650 is considered excellent.
- On the opposite end of the scale, 119 hitters have produced a slugging percentage below.350 since 2005, which is the most recent period available.
- For example, eight players have had a slugging average greater than.650 in a season since 2005.
- The opposite is true for the 119 guys who batted below.350 in a season; just one of them, Luis Castillo, managed to bat above.300 in 2009, batting.302 as a result of his only 16 extra-base hits for the whole season.
- Another interesting fact about that ranking is that only 15 of the 119 players hit 10 or more home runs that season, with no one reaching more than sixteen.
History of Slugging Percentage
Yobro10, courtesy of Canva.com However, even though it is a relatively new statistic when compared to many of the more established metrics, slugging percentage has been in widespread usage for several decades. The term “total bases average,” which is a forerunner to slugging %, was first used in 1867 by Henry Chadwick to describe a player’s total bases per game. The current slugging percentage, which is calculated based on total bases per at bat rather than total bases per game, became an official National League statistic in 1923 and an official American League statistic in 1946.
Chadwick also pointed out that many hits in those days were exacerbated by errors because fielders did not wear gloves at the time.
Since one of the earliest documented mainstream uses of slugging percentage was on the back of Ralph Kiner’s 1952 Bowman baseball card, which noted that he had been the National League leader in slugging percentage the previous year, popular usage would be decades away.
Due to the fact that slugging % is now a widespread phrase in the baseball language, you’ll be able to tell more accurately when you see it on a player’s stat line whether the player is more of an average batter, or more of an elite slugger.
Career Slugging Percentage Leaders
In terms of career slugging percentage, the following are the top five:
- Joe DiMaggio had a career slugging percentage of.5821, while Babe Ruth had one of the best in baseball history at.6897. Ted Williams had a career slugging percentage of.6338, while Lou Gehrig had one of the best at.6324. Jimmie Foxx has one of the best in baseball history at.6093, while Barry Bonds has one of the best at 6069. Hank Greenberg has one of the best in baseball history at
What Is On Base Percentage?
When a hitter makes it to base more than once per plate appearance, this is known as the on base percentage (OBP). It is possible to get on base % by counting walks, hits, and hit-by-pitch, but it does not include errors, fielder’s choice, dropped strike three, fielder’s obstruction, catcher’s interference, and sacrifice bunts, among other things.
Odds and Ends About Slugging Percentage
- Barry Bonds established the record for the greatest single-season slugging percentage in 2001 with an.863 mark. Bonds amassed 411 total bases in only 476 at-bats that season, including a Major League-leading 73 home runs, which set a new record for the most in a single season. Additionally, Bonds’ batting average for the season was.328, shattering Babe Ruth’s 81-year-old single-season record of.847, which had been held since 1920. Bonds and Ruth are the only men to have achieved the top six slugging percentages in a season, with each of them claiming three of those illustrious campaigns. They are also the only players in Major League Baseball history to have a slugging percentage greater than.800 in a single season, with each of them accomplishing this feat twice
- The highest single-season slugging percentage for a team in history is.495, achieved by the 2019 Houston Astros, who hit a combined total of 288 home runs. Additionally, the 2019 Minnesota Twins and 2019 New York Yankees both posted.494 and.490 batting averages, which were the second and fourth greatest records in Major League Baseball history, respectively. Because they had the greatest batting average of the three teams, the Astros had the highest batting average, hitting.274
- While the Red Sox had the lowest batting average, hitting.238.
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Slugging percentage – Wikipedia
In baseball statistics, slugging percentage (SLG) is a measure of a batter’s ability to generate runs with his bat. It is calculated as total bases divided by the number of at bats for a given player using the following formula, where ABis the number of at bats for a given player and 1B, 2B, 3B, and HRare the number of singles, doubles, triples, and home runs, respectively: 1B, 2B, 3B, and HRare the number of singles, doubles, triples, and home runs In contrast to batting average, slugging % provides greater credit to extra-base hits, like as doubles and home runs, as compared to singles in the same game.
- This formula does not include plate appearances that result in walks, hit-by-pitches,interference, catcher’s sacrifice bunts, or flies, because such an appearance is not considered to be anat bat in this case (these are not factored into batting average either).
- In mathematics, it is a scale of measurement whose calculated value ranges from 0 to 4.
- A double is worth twice as much as a single, a triple is worth three times as much as a home run, and a home run is worth four times as much as a single.
- In order to avoid confusion, it’s sometimes referred to as “slugging average” or “slugging” instead.
- If the slugging percentage is.589, it would be said as “five eighty nine,” and it would be spoken as “eleven twenty seven” if it were 1.127.
Facts about slugging percentage
A hitter’s slugging percentage is used for a variety of purposes other than determining his or her output. It may be used to evaluate pitchers in a variety of situations. It is not as prevalent as slugging-percentage against, but it is a measure of effectiveness. In 2019, the mean average SLG among all clubs in Major League Baseball was.435, according to Baseball Reference. The greatest slugging % has a numerical value of 4.000, which is the highest possible. However, no player in the history of the Major League Baseball has ever retired with a slugging percentage greater than 4.000.
Eric Cammack (2000 Mets), Scott Munninghoff (1980 Phillies), Eduardo Rodrguez (1973 Brewers), and Charlie Lindstrom are among the players on this list (1958 White Sox).
Take, for example, Babe Ruth, who made his major league debut in 1920 with the New York Yankees. After 458 at-bats, Ruth collected 172 hits, which included 73 singles, 36 doubles, 9 triples, and 54 home runs, for a grand total of 388 bases. Ruth had 73 singles, 36 doubles, 9 triples, and 54 home runs, for a grand total of 388 bases. His slugging percentage for the season is calculated by dividing his total number of bases (388) by his total number of at bats (458), which equals.847. This also established a new mark for Ruth, which held until 2001, when Barry Bonds amassed 411 bases in 476 at-bats, increasing his slugging percentage to.863, which has remained unsurpassed ever since.
It wasn’t until decades after it was first used that baseball analysts realized that it could be combined with on-base percentage (OBP) to provide a very accurate measure of the overall offensive production of a player (in fact, the combination of OBP and SLG was originally referred to as “production” by baseball writer and statisticianBill James). Branch Rickey devised a precursor meter in 1954, which is now known as the Branch Rickey metric. For example, Rickey claimed in the Lifemagazine that combining OBP with what he termed “extra base power” (EBP) would provide a more accurate estimate of player success than traditionalTriple Crown statistics.
They were among the first to combine the two modern-day statistics, multiplying them together to generate what is now known as “SLOB” (Slugging On-Base).
The next year (and probably independently), Bill Jamesapplied similar idea to hisruns createdformula, basically multiplying SLOB at bats to develop the following formula: Pete Palmer and John Thorn invented on-base plus slugging (OPS) in 1984, which is a simple combination of the two variables and is likely the most often used method of combining slugging and on-base percentage: on-base plus slugging (OBS).
In recent years, OPS has been increasingly popular as a shorthand method of evaluation for contributions as abatter, owing to its simplicity in calculation.
The theoretical maximum for “on base” is 1.000 points, but the theoretical maximum for “slugging” is 4.000 points.
350 as a nice “on base” number and as well.
Perfect slugging percentage
There is a numerical limit of 4.000 slugging percentages that can be achieved.
A significant number of Big League Baseball players (117 as of the conclusion of the 2016 season) have achieved a 4.000 career slugging percentage in their first major league at bat by homering in their first major league at bat.
- Slugging % leaders in Major League Baseball throughout their whole careers
- And more.
- “Career LeadersRecords for Slugging Percent,” Baseball Reference, retrieved on 2014-02-27
- AbBaseball Scorekeeping: A Practical Guide to the Rules, retrieved on 2014-02-27
- AcBaseball Scorekeeping: A Practical Guide to the Rules, retrieved on 2014-02-27
- ‘Slugging Percentage | The ARMory Power Pitching Academy’
- ‘Single-Season Leaders and Records for Slugging Percentage’
- ‘What is a Slugging Percentage’
- ‘Major League Baseball Batting Year-by-Year Averages’
- ‘Slugging Percentage | The ARMory Power Pitching Academy Retrieved2016-12-10
- s^ Dan Lewis is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom (2001-03-31). “Lies, Damn Lies, and RBIs,” according to nationalreview. The original version of this article was published on October 20, 2012. Barra, Allen (2012-07-01)
- Retrieved from (2001-06-20). “The finest season ever?” Salon.com. Retrieved 2007-07-15
- “The best season ever?” When it comes to OPS, separate but not nearly equal: why it is a “poor” measure, Beyond the Box Score, by Bryan Grosnick, published on September 18, 2015.
Someone please correct me if I’m wrong, but slugging is essentially a measure that indicates how many bases a player gets on average per at bat in a given season. It attempts to quantify the efficacy of a player at the plate by going a step farther than simply calculating his or her batting average. When I want to put things in perspective, I prefer to think back to Barry Bonds’ ludicrous 2001 season and look at his slugging %, which was a staggering.8634. That implies that he came pretty close to averaging a base per at bat (so not even including walks).
- That would have amounted to around 411 hits in his 476 at-bats over the season.
- It demonstrates how useful a bat is on a fundamental level.
- (imagine batting.328 with 73 homers in a season.).
- The explanation for this is that he walked an incredible 198 times the next season (and who could blame the pitchers for that?).
- He would never hit 50 home runs again, but in 2004, at the age of 39, he managed to establish a new record most walks in the stratosphere with 232, which ultimately contributed to his insane 1.422 OPS for the season (slugged.812).
- Which are, without a doubt, highly significant in the sport of baseball.
What Is a Good Slugging Percentage in Baseball? – Explained
Getting a strong slugging percentage is not something that can be accomplished immediately. Pure effort will not result in an increase in your batting output. As a result, a batter would require a complex approach to hitting in order to succeed at the highest level of the game. However, before even considering the critical characteristics that will help you become a great hitter, it is necessary to understand ‘what is a good slugging % in baseball?’ Slugging % is a statistical measurement that is used to measure and determine a batter’s productivity, which includes extra base hits, home runs, and doubles, among other things.
How to Calculate for the Slugging Percentage?
The computed slugging percentage is achieved by dividing the total number of hits by the total number of at-bats.
Furthermore, the following formula is the most accurate representation of its calculation: 1B symbolizes singles, 2B represents doubles, and 3B represents triples. AB denotes the total number of at-bats. HR is an abbreviation for home run.
Good Slugging Percentage in Baseball:What’s It?
Let us first study the answer to the question “what does slugging mean in baseball” before we proceed with the solution. The amount of bases reached in each at-bat is referred to as slugging percentage. A agreed threshold for “good” slugging percentage is.450, according to the players. Higher than that, but less than.550, is regarded very good—the.550 percentile is on the cusp of being outstanding—and higher than that, but more than.550, is called excellent. Further, the.650 percentile is an exceptional achievement.
The settings of baseball games vary throughout time – as defined by offsets in scores, actual play, unique field dimensions, ruling modifications, and other seasonal variances – and thus, the equations used to derive the slugging percentage alter.
The average and negotiated slugging percentage data from the frames above are taken into consideration in order to get to a conclusion.
Can the Slugging Percentage Apply to Pitching Performance?
Yes. A pitcher’s performance can also be determined and assessed using the slugging percentage, which is uncommon but can be calculated. It is known as slugging percentage against a pitcher once it has been applied to a pitcher’s performance.
Who Had Good Slugging Percentages in Baseball History?
The following is a list of baseball players (batters) who have had good to great slugging percentages throughout their careers:
- Babe Ruth: Since his debut in the Major League Baseball (MLB) in 1914, Babe Ruth has essentially become a household name. He eventually went down in history as the best baseball player of all time, breaking the record for triplets with 136 in his career. Ted Williams: Theodore (Ted) Williams is another outstanding professional baseball player and outfielder who now plays for the American League Boston Red Sox. Throughout his career, his slugging percentage reached.6897
- Ted Williams Lou Gehrig: Lou Gehrig is a hall-of-fame baseball star who helped the New York Yankees win six World Series championships throughout his career, which is the best in the game’s history. He also has the distinction of being the player with the greatest number of consecutive games played. He also has an excellent career slugging % of.6324
- Jimmie Foxx, on the other hand, has a fantastic sluggish percentage of.6093 over his professional career. He is a verified baseball hall-of-famer who left a legacy as the youngest major league player to hit 500 home runs over the next 67 years, making him the youngest player in baseball history to do so.
There have only been a few of players in history who have hit 500 home homers. In this regard, he is only a hair behind Babe Ruth in terms of accomplishments. Other well-known big league baseball players with high slugging percentages include Barry Bonds (.6069-career), Hank Greenberg (.6050-career), Mark McGwire (.5882-career), Manny Ramirez (.5854-career), Mike Trout (.5821-career), and Joe Dimaggio (.5821-career), to name a few examples (.5788-career).
Why Does the Slugging Percentage Matter?
The batter’s slugging percentage, sometimes known as the slugging stat, finally gets him an entry card into a higher player valuation pool. In other words, in addition to enhancing the team’s chances of winning (based on correlations to runs scored), a batter’s slugging % performance enhances the value of his or her own money. Despite the fact that it seems simple and polished for tagging, the categories of a slugging percentage—good, exceptional, and elite—had to go through subjective ways of debate in order to be determined.
This characteristic, among others, contributes to the richness of the baseball dynamic.
Fortunately, the slugging percentage exposes a significant portion of these tactics that are worth studying. As a result, slugging percentage is extremely important in baseball.
How Much Is the Influence of Slugging Percentage on Winning?
We will have to look into correlations in order to get an answer to this topic. In this study, correlation scores were shown to be quite useful in determining how much an individual player’s slugging percentage (baseball) and even other statistics influences their chances of winning. The subject of this article, scored runs, serves as the point of departure from which the statistics are derived. The connection between runs scored and on-base % (based on data collected from every team since 1995) gives a very good score of 0.88, which is extremely good.
Finally, an amazing correlation value of 0.90 exists between the slugging % and the number of runs scored, resulting in a tie.
Finally, based on the data given, both the slugging percentage and on-base % statistics seem to be the most accurate indicators of whether a team will score or win a game.
The data mentioned above only serve to support the assertion that slugging percentage discloses a batter’s productivity as well as a team’s possibilities of scoring or winning, and that it lays out the methods that a team must employ in order to remain competitive throughout the game.
Is Slugging Percentage Really a Percentage?
No. The term “slugging percentage” appears to be incongruous with the concept it represents. This statistic measures the average of the total number of bases reached by a player at each at-bat, rather than the proportion of those bases reached by the player. Aside from that, this measurement tool calculates inside the range of a calculated total that starts with 0 and finishes with 4, which is defined as Doubles are worth twice as much as a single, triples are worth three times as much as a single, and home runs are worth four times as much as a single, according to the system’s initial estimations.
It must be multiplied by four in order to be converted to an average of the total number of bases reached every at-bat divided by the total number of bases that can be scored.
How Effective Is Combining OBP And SLG?
The one-base plus slugging (OPS) statistic was created by combining the on-base percentage and the sluggish percentage to get the one-base plus slugging %. As for statisticians and analysts, the combination of tools makes computations easier to do and interpret, as well as simpler to comprehend.
When it comes to baseball, the fundamental dynamics around the topic of “what is a good slugging % in baseball?” reveal a great deal about the potential that a hitter might reach in the sport. As a result, some hitters place a high value on the results with the highest slugging percentage. In addition, a high slugging % effectively demonstrates prospective methods, while also constantly identifying areas that may be strengthened.
The player has the option of looking into things on his or her alone or as part of a team. As previously said in the essay, the slow percentage is really important in baseball games.
Let’s not use OPS any more!
Welcoming the conclusion of the 2015 season! Baseball is a strange sport, which is why the Twins and the Mets are both making strong postseason bids. Baseball is a highly predictable sport, which explains why the Cardinals and Dodgers are performing exceptionally well. Kris Bryant is fantastic, but Alex Rodriguez is as fantastic. That’s about all there is to say about baseball’s first half of the season thus far. Furthermore, we’ve been in what we may call the “sabermetric” period in baseball for perhaps seven to fifteen years.
While certain statistics (wins, saves, etc.) are practically completely meaningless, others are perfectly acceptable and are only waiting to be replaced by measures that are more accurate and more descriptive.
On this day, I’d want to release a quick manifesto on why utilizing OPS isn’t such a good idea, and yet, despite this, it continues to be used.
Please accept my apologies.
Reasons Not To Use OPS: Math
The over-under statistic (OPS), as has been stated previously, is a statistic that is not mathematically valid. The on-base percentage and slugging percentage of a baseball player are added together to create the player’s OPS. These two statistics are extremely helpful in determining how excellent a player is on the attacking end, but they are not supposed to be combined in this manner. The reason behind this is as follows: When it comes to an on-base percentage, the greatest potential score a player can get is 1.000, which signifies that a player gets on base 100 percent of the time when he steps up to the plate for a plate appearance (PA).
The highest conceivable slugging % a player may get is 4.000, which signifies that the player hits a home run on every occasion he steps up to the bat in the game.
This is something that no one accomplishes – a respectable slugging percentage is somewhere around.430.
What we have here are two mixed fractions, and if there’s one thing we learned in middle-school math class, it’s that you can’t truly combine two fractions with different denominators because they have different denominators.
However, this is not the case. If you were to combine these two statistics in any way, you’d want to make sure they were on an equal mathematical footing to begin with. That’s exactly what more effective offensive statistics accomplish in practice.
Reasons Not To Use OPS: Context (or, OBP is more important!)
It’s possible that the most crucial reason not to utilize OPS is that it handles OBP and SLG in the same way as it does SLG. Even if you ignore the flawed mathematical foundations of OPS, it’s easy to see that in 95 percent of circumstances, a player’s on-base percentage will be lower than their slugging percentage. When you combine the two metrics, the slugging % nearly typically accounts for the majority of the value, and men who hit for a lot of power will see an increase in their overall batting average as well.
- Unfortunately, this is not the case.
- That is not to suggest that slugging % – as well as power – are not essential, because they very certainly are!
- In each batting event, we may apply this formula to get the predicted run result.
- To be clear, this does not imply that being on-base is more essential than being powerful.
- Let’s look for a good example from this year!
- This equates to a.317 on-base percentage and a.572 slugging percentage.
- While this is happening, Buster Posey of the Giants has a fantastic.879 OPS on the season.
- Excellent, as well!
- He, on the other hand, is not.
- And that’s even before we take into consideration each player’s home park, and so on.
- That we are no longer need to utilize OPS is the most pleasant aspect of the situation.
In other words, OPS is awful and alternative measures such as wOBA (found at FanGraphs) or True Average (found atBaseball Prospectus) are superior, right? Is that correct?
Reasons To Use OPS: Simplicity
After discussing why OPS is computed in a “poor” method, we must realize that it does have one significant advantage as a result of the calculation: it is quite simple to figure out on your own (which is a huge plus). From nasty math analytics websites to your local TV broadcast, nearly every statistics outlet you look to delivers an on-base percentage and a slugging percentage. These numerals may be found all over the place. In addition, those two statistics are quite simple to generate from raw data, which makes them even more appealing.
- It’s just as simple as adding the two numbers together to get the overall performance score (OPS).
- But how much do you “pay” for a simple response – are you still able to utilize OPS to accurately represent a hitter’s offensive power if you employ a simplified approach?
- While on-base percentage (OPS) may not provide an accurate picture of a player’s offensive ability, it does not lead you too far afield.
- If a player’s on-base percentage (OPS) is low, that player is a poor hitter.
- The middle of the distribution is where OPS suffers the most, not the extremes.
Reasons To Use OPS: Availability
The power of Baseball-Reference gives OPS a significant contextual advantage over other statistics that may be used to estimate a player’s total offensive value: it is the most often utilized statistic in baseball. FanGraphs and Baseball Prospectus are both fantastic statistical tools, but they are likely to remain in the shadow of Sean Forman’s wall of data, which is a statistical monolith of unparalleled proportions. Without intending to be critical of B-R, which is the greatest, I am of the view that it is not the best place to go if you want the clearest, most complete data about modern players and statistical analysis available elsewhere.
- In spite of this, I’m not sure there’s a more valuable baseball research tool than B-ubiquitousPlay R’s Index, which is quite simply the best modest purchase any baseball researcher could ever make.
- OPS (or OPS+) is one of the few effective methods to use the tool that you have available to you.
- That isn’t really a complaint, is it?
- Because OPS is utilized on Baseball-Reference, it is more likely to be used in other contexts as well.
- Even when I’m writing for publications that aren’t analytical in nature.
- This is the most critical point to note: the alternatives to OPS that are now available are really good in today’s world.
- Additional factors such as ballpark and league-average are taken into consideration by the algorithm.
- It is not one of those numbers that is blatantly false (I’m looking at you, victories), yet it is accurate.
- You’ll undoubtedly make a mistake in the calculation – possibly something significant – but you’ll almost certainly get it correctly 75 percent of the time at the very least.
- Or, at the very least, it will take longer for them to reach the general public.
- When anything like OPS gets used, it is a very, very little victory for science and mathematics.
(However, whatever you do, avoid using the word “wins.”) * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Besides being the Lead Writer for Beyond the Box Score, Bryan Grosnick also writes a piece for Baseball Prospectus – Boston. Seriously, avoid using the word “wins.”
Slugging Average All Time Leaders on Baseball Almanac
These are not only outstanding hitters, but they are also great sluggers. You can compute slugging average throughout the course of a season or a player’s career by taking a combination of total bases and dividing it by the number of times the player has batted in the game (as is the case on this page). To qualify for this list, a player must have played 1,000 career games. Raw statistics are included to better clarify Baseball Almanac’s list of the one-thousand highest career slugging averages, and a bold-faced entry indicates that the player was active during the preceding Major League season.
During his career, Babe Ruth led the American League in slugging % on thirteen separate occasions, which is more than any other Major League baseball player in history – from any league at any time!
What do you think of a switch hitter?
What is Slugging Percentage (SLG) in Baseball?
We rely on the generosity of our readers. If you make a purchase after clicking on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a commission. In addition, we get commissions from eligible Amazon sales because we are an Amazon affiliate. It is becoming increasingly apparent to baseball fans across the world that the game they have learned to love over the years is changing significantly. A game that was formerly dictated by what transpired on the field is slowly but steadily shifting to become increasingly reliant on statistical analysis and analysis of data.
- A hitter’s output was once measured by his batting average and home runs, and pitchers were assessed by their wins and earned run average.
- In today’s game, knowing baseball statistics has never been more important, and understanding what those numbers imply is essential to comprehending the game.
- The slugging percentage of a batter is a statistic that is used to assess the power output of a hitter.
- In a situation when all hits are equal, slugging percentage lends greater weight to extra base hits than batting average.
An Example on How to Caculate Slugging Percentage (SLG)
Here is an example using two fictitious players, designated as Player A and Player B.
For the sake of simplicity, we will assume that both players have precisely 100 at-bats (AB). In this example, Player A has more hits (H) than Player B, resulting in a better batting average (BA) for Player A. If you want to know what their slugging percentage is, you may apply the following formula: SLG is equal to 1B(1) + 2B(2) + 3B(3) + HR(4) / AB. Because the numerator in this formula represents the total number of bases, all singles are multiplied by one in the denominator. Doubles are multiplied by two, triples are multiplied by three, and home runs are multiplied by a factor of four.
Because he has more hits than Player B, Player A has a better batting average than Player B. It’s important to remember that batting average treats all hits equally. Player B, on the other hand, has a better slugging percentage than Player A, owing to the fact that he has more extra base hits, particularly home homers. This does not necessarily imply that Player B is a better hitter than Player A, but it does imply that he has a higher power productivity than the former. Player A may receive more hits, but Player B has a better chance of doing more damage at the plate.
The History of Slugging Percentage
The slugging % has been around since the early 1950s, however it took some time for the statistic to achieve prominence in the sport of baseball. The former Los Angeles Dodgers executive Branch Rickey is not only credited with helping to break down the color barrier in Major League Baseball by signing Jackie Robinson, but he is also credited with developing the formula that is now used to calculate a hitter’s slugging percentage. Rickey, on the other hand, cannot be attributed with the discovery of this statistic on his own.
Roth and Rickey came up with the term “Extra Base Power” (EBP) to describe a more accurate manner of evaluating a hitter’s output at the time.
This statistic would subsequently be known as slugging percentage, and it achieved widespread recognition as a result of Bill James’ SABRmetrics, in which he utilized it to build his own calculation known as “Runs Created,” which became popular (explained later).
How Slugging Percentage is Used to Make Decisions
A club’s slugging percentage may be utilized in a variety of ways to assist coaches, scouts, and executives in making decisions — whether they be personnel or in-game decisions — that will help them put together the finest baseball team possible on the field. In the video included in the “Example” section above, the coach discusses how slugging percentage may be utilized to determine how to arrange a batting lineup. The players with the greatest slugging % should be assigned to the positions in the lineup where the coach wants his most potent power threats to be found, and vice versa.
A more sophisticated application of slugging percentage is the calculation of a player’s on-base percentage (OPS) (on-base plus slugging percentage).
Combined with another relevant metric, this statistic may be used to measure a player’s power production as well as the frequency with which that player reaches base in the field. Let’s go back to Players A and B and determine their overall point differential.
Player A’s OBP and SLG (.408 +.420) were simply combined together, whereas Player B’s OBP and SLG (.347 +.540) were added together to obtain their OPS. As you can see, Player B is still somewhat more important than Player A in terms of getting on base and displaying power when comparing their on-base percentages and on-base percentages. (For more information on on-base percentage, see the article “What is a Good On-Base Percentage (OBP) in Baseball” for further information.) It is possible for professional sports recruiters and executives to utilize this statistic to assess a player’s prospective effect on their respective teams.
Another even more complex application of slugging percentage is found in the Bill James’ Runs Created method, which is frequently employed by professional teams when making personnel choices (referenced earlier).
In this case, the formula is as follows: /= New Runs Have Been Created Let’s also compute the Runs Created for Players A and B for the sake of completeness.
Player A:/= RC/= RC/= 17.16 Player B:/= RC/= RC/= 17.16 Player B:/= RC/= RC/= 14.61; Player A:/= RC/= RC/= 14.61; Player C:/= RC/= 14.61; This demonstrates how much more complicated analytics may be, as well as how organizations who are led by SABRmetrics are more inclined to prioritize Player A above Player B. The slugging % has established itself as a metric that is more useful than the batting average for those in charge of making in-game and personnel decisions, regardless of how it is calculated.
Slugging Percentage Records
Dennis Sylvester Hurd captured this image. The following are the top five lifetime slugging percentage leaders in the history of Major League Baseball:
- Babe Ruth had a.689 batting average
- Ted Williams had a.633 batting average
- Lou Gehrig had a.632 batting average
- Mule Suttles had a.617 batting average
- Turkey Stearnes had a.616 batting average.
Baseball players Babe Ruth (689), Ted Williams (633), Lou Gehrig (632), Mule Suttles (617), Turkey Stearnes (616), Babe Ruth (689), Ted Williams (633), Babe Ruth (632), Ted Williams (633), Babe Ruth (632), Ted Williams (633), Babe Ruth (632), Ted Williams (632), Babe Ruth (632), Ted Williams (632), Lou Gehrig (632), Babe Ruth (632)
- The following players had a.974 batting average: Josh Gibson (1937), Mule Suttles (1926), Charlie Smith ( 1929), Josh Gibson (1943), Barry Bonds (2001), and Mule Suttles (2001).
As can be seen from this list, several of these players achieved these achievements during years when slugging percentage was not even taken into consideration. Fortunately, baseball historians have gone back in time and given them the recognition they rightfully deserve. In the Major League Baseball (MLB), there have only been four seasons in the previous thirty years in which the league’s slugging percentage as a whole fell below.400. The slugging percentage for this season is currently.402, which is a decrease from the slugging percentage for the last complete Major League season, which was.435, which was in 2019.
This decline demonstrates that power numbers are decreasing around the league. This might be owing to the fact that pitchers have been more dominating in recent years. Remember, the season is far from done for this year, so there is still time for that slugging % to grow.
Frequently Asked Questions
In baseball, the slugging percentage is intended to measure a hitter’s ability to generate power when the ball enters the field of play. Walking and hitting by pitches are important statistics to track, but they do not reveal a player’s power potential. This was the impetus for the creation of OPS.
Do professional scouts use slugging percentage in drafting players?
College players’ slugging percentage will very certainly be taken into consideration when determining whether or not they are worthy of being selected by the major leagues in the draft. It is possible that high school statistics will not be taken into consideration as much when picking high school athletes since they are less dependable.
Is it possible for a slugging percentage to be over 1.000?
Yes, it is feasible for a player to slug more than 1.000 in a single game. The majority of a player’s hits would have to be extra-base hits in order for this to be possible.
What is a perfect slugging percentage?
A perfect slugging percentage is equal to 4.000 percent. In order to achieve this, a player must never be struck out and must only hit home runs on the season. This is practically difficult to achieve during the course of a season’s worth of games. Also see: How to Clean a Baseball Cap with Cardboard Bills for more information. The 5 Most Effective Pocket Radar Guns A high school baseball season lasts for around six weeks. What is a Walk-Off Home Run, and how does it work? (Explained)
Whats a good slugging percentage in baseball?
Originally posed by: Aurelio Aufderhar 4.2 out of 5 stars (74 votes) A slugging percentage of 450 is regarded respectable, and a slugging percentage of 550 is considered superb.
What is the best slugging percentage?
Babe Ruth holds the record for the highest career slugging percentage with a mark of.6897.
Is.280 a good batting average?
Baseball’s league-wide batting average has consistently been between 250 and 275 over the years, and individuals with batting averages in excess of 300 are regarded to be exceptionally talented batters.
Has anyone batted 1000?
John Francis Paciorek (/ptrk/; born February 11, 1945) is a retired professional baseball player from the United States. Paciorek is one of only a few Major League Baseball players to have a perfect batting average of 1.000, which makes him extremely unusual. He is the first player in the history of baseball to attain this distinction after taking more than two turns at bat.
Has anyone ever batted.400 for a season?
As of 2018, the last player to reach 400 hits in a single Major League Baseball (MLB) season was Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox in 1941. There have only been three players to accomplish the feat in three different seasons — Ed Delahanty, Ty Cobb, and Rogers Hornsby – and no player has ever hit over the cycle. The first player to take the field was Ross Barnes. There were 16 questions that were connected.
Does walk count slugging percentage?
The slugging percentage of a player indicates the total number of bases he or she accumulates each at-bat. In contrast to on-base percentage, slugging percentage is based only on hits and does not take into consideration walks or hit-by-pitch situations. The difference between slugging percentage and batting average is that not all hits are valued equally.
Is it possible to have a slugging average over 1?
Is it feasible to have a slugging average that is greater than one?
Not at all, because hitting home runs every time you were up to bat would be required in order to have a slugging average greater than one.
What’s BB mean in baseball?
When a pitcher tosses four pitches out of the strike zone, none of which are struck by the hitter, he is referred to as throwing a walk (or throwing bases on balls). The batter is granted first base after refraining from swinging at four pitches that are outside of his strike zone. BB are the letters that are used to represent a stroll in a scorebook.
What does G mean in baseball?
Games that have been played (G) Grand Slam is a series of victories in a single sport (GSH) Toss The Ball Into Double Play (GIDP) The Groundout-to-Airout Ratio (GO/AO) is the ratio of groundout to airout. Pitch-for-pitch (HBP)
What is a PO in baseball?
An out is recorded by a fielder when he is the fielder who physically records the act of completing an out, whether it be by standing on the base for a forceout, tagging an outfielder, fielding a hit ball, or fielding a third strike. Definition.
What does the H mean in baseball?
An out is recorded by a fielder when he is the fielder who physically records the act of completing an out, whether it be by standing on the base for a forceout, tagging an outfielder, fielding a hit ball, or fielding a third strike. Definition:
What is a 1.000 slugging percentage?
Percentage of Slugging (SLG) In baseball, slugging percentage is intended to show how many bases a batter advances with each at bat. A 1.000-point scale is used instead of the more common 4.000-point scale, which means that a player who hits a home run in his first at-bat would have a slugging percentage of 4.000. If he hit a single, he would have a 1.000 batting average.
Do walks count as at bats?
In the batter’s box (AB) When calculating batting average and slugging percentage, the denominator is the number of at-bats a player has taken. Additionally, athletes who walk seldom tend to have a higher-than-usual total of at-bats over the course of a season, because walks do not count as at-bats.
How is OBP calculated?
On Base Percentage (sometimes known as On Base Average or OBA) is a statistic that indicates how frequently a hitter gets on base. It is roughly equivalent to the number of times a player appears on the base or plate. It is written as follows:OBP = (Hits + Walks + Hit by Pitch) / (At Bats + Walks + Hit by Pitch + Sacrifice Flies) in its entirety.
Does HBP count for total base?
Total bases refer to the total number of bases that a hitter has amassed as a result of his hits. A player may only contribute to his overall base total by hitting a ball into the outfield. Advancement on the basepaths, whether via steal or otherwise, has no effect on a player’s overall number of bases.
How is war calculated?
The formula itself is not difficult to understand: WAR = (Batting Runs + Base Running Runs +Fielding Runs + Positional Adjustment + League Adjustment +Replacement Runs) / (Batting Runs + Base Running Runs +Fielding Runs + Positional Adjustment + League Adjustment +Replacement Runs) / (Batting Runs + Base Running Runs +Fielding Runs + Positional Adjustment + League Adjustment +Replacement Run (Runs Per Win).
Has anyone hit 400 since Ted?
406 batting average—no major league player has hit 400 since Williams—the left fielder led the major leagues with 37 home runs, 135 runs, and a slugging average of 735—no major league player has hit 400 since Williams.
Williams, who played his entire professional baseball career with the Boston Red Sox, played his final game at Fenway Park on September 28, 1960.
Who has the closest to batting400?
A look at the Major League Baseball players who have come the closest to hitting. Since Ted Williams first performed it in 1941, it has been 400 years.
- Mr. 394 is Tony Gwynn, who played in 1994
- Mr. 390 is George Brett, who played in 1980
- Mr. 388 is Rod Carew, who played in 1977
- Mr. 379 is Larry Walker, who played in 1999
- Mr. 376 is Stan Musial, who played in 1948
- 372 – Nomar Garciaparra and Todd Helton (2000)
- 372 – Ichiro (2004)
- 372 – Nomar Garciaparra and Todd Helton (2000)
What is the 5 hole in baseball?
The Five-Hole Area (also known as the Five-Hole Area) The 5 hole in baseball refers to the region between the shortstop and the third baseman, and it is sometimes referred to as the 5-6 hole. The 4 hole, which is often referred to as the 3-4 hole, is the open area that exists between the first baseman and the second baseman in a baseball game.