What Is A Sacrifice Fly In Baseball

Sacrifice fly – Wikipedia

In baseball, a sacrifice fly (also known as a tosac fly) is defined by Rule 9.08(d), which states that: “A sacrifice fly is scored when a hitter hits a ball in flight that is handled by an outfielder or an infielder jogging in the outfield in fair or foul zone before the batter is out.”

  1. A fly ball is caught and a run scores after the catch, or a fly ball is dropped and a runner scores if it is determined by the scorer that the runner would have scored after the catch had the fly ball not been caught.”

It is referred to as a “sacrifice fly” because the hitter permits a teammate to score a run while simultaneously surrendering his own capacity to do so. As is customary in box scores, sacrifice flies are designated with the letter “SF.”


Because of the provisions of Rule 9.02(a)(1) of the Official Baseball Rules, a sacrifice fly does not count as time at bat for the batter, despite the fact that the batter is credited with a run batted in. With abases-loadedwalk, the situation is the identical. The goal of not counting a sacrifice fly as an at-bat is to prevent batters from being penalized for a good action on the field. With the sacrifice fly, a hitter is not assessed a time at bat after placing the ball in play, which is one of only two situations when this occurs in baseball.

However, while a sacrifice fly has no effect on a player’s batting average, it counts as a plate appearance and decreases his on-base percentage (see below).

When compared to a sacrifice bunt, which can result in a run being scored regardless of whether a runner moves from one base to another, a sacrifice fly can only result in a run being scored on the play.

A sacrifice fly is also awarded to the hitter if a runner tags and advances from second base (or, potentially, from first base) all the way to home plate and scores (without an intervening error).

If this happens on a professional level, it will typically only happen in exceptional circumstances that prevent the defense from making an immediate throw back to the infield, such as when an outfielder collides with the wall while attempting to catch a fly ball in foul territory on the warning track.

When a ball is dropped, the sacrifice fly is counted even if another runner is pushed out as a result of the batter becoming a runner due to the batter being a runner.


The Seattle Mariners set the record for the most sacrifice fly by a team in a single game in Major League Baseball (MLB) in 1988; the Colorado Rockies equaled the mark in 2006, and the Mariners tied the record again in 2008. Three sacrifice flies have been hit by five teams in Major League Baseball history: the Chicago White Sox on July 1, 1962 against the Cleveland Indians; the New York Yankees twice (in the fourth inning on June 29, 2000 against the Detroit Tigers and in the third inning on August 19, 2000 against the Anaheim Angels); the New York Mets on June 24, 2005 against the Yankees; and the Houston Astros on July 1, 1962 against the Cleveland Indians (seventh inning, June 26, 2005 against theTexas Rangers).

In these instances, one or more of the flies did not result in a putout as a consequence of a mistake on the part of the angler.

The following were the 10 players who have hit the most sacrifice flies as of the end of the Major League Baseball season in 2021, as compiled by Baseball Reference:

  1. The following players have reached the milestone: Eddie Murray (128), Cal Ripken, Jr. (127), Robin Yount (123), Hank Aaron (121), Frank Thomas (121), George Brett (120), Rubén Sierra (120), Rafael Palmeiro (119), Rusty Staub (119), and Andre Dawson (118).

Only once in the history of baseball has a sac fly resulted in a World Series victory. During a game against the New York Giants in 1912, Larry Gardner of the Boston Red Sox hit a fly ball off a fastball from Christy Mathewson. The Red Sox won game 8 in the ninth inning on a Steve Yerkes RBI single from third base, clinching the series victory and clinching the division.


Since 1893, sacrifice hits have not resulted in a time at-bat penalty for the batter, although the sacrifice fly rule has been altered several times throughout the years in baseball. The sacrifice fly was first used as a statistical category in 1908, but it was later phased out in 1931 due to lack of interest. The regulation was reinstated in 1939, only to be repealed a second time in 1940, before being reinstated for the final time the following year in 1954. A significant reason why the sacrifice-fly rule was abolished by the National Baseball League in 1940 is that on the final day of the 1941 season, Ted Williams was hitting.39955 and needed just one hit against the Philadelphia A’s in a doubleheader to become the first hitter since Bill Terry in 1930 to hit.400.

Baseball in 1941 author Robert Creamer points out that, if Williams’ 14 at-bats on sacrifice flies that year were subtracted from the 456 official at-bats that year, his final batting average in 1941 would have been.419, according to estimations in his book Baseball in ’41.


  • Baseball Official Rules from the Major League Baseballwebsite
  • Baseball Rules Chronology from theBaseball Library
  • The Sacrifice Fly from the SABR web site (Research Journals Archive)

Sacrifice fly

In baseball, a hit ball is referred to as a sacrifice fly if it meets all four of the following criteria:

  • When the ball is struck, there are less than two outs available. In this case, the ball is thrown to the outfield. When a hitter is out, it is usually because an outfielder or a fielder rushing in the outfield catches the ball (or because the batter would have been out if it had not been for a mistake). It is a successful play when a runner who is already on base scores.

Because of the provisions of Rule 10.09(e) of the Official Baseball Rules, a sacrifice fly does not qualify as a turn at bat for the batter, albeit the hitter is given credit for a run batted in on the play. The goal of not counting a sacrifice fly as an at bat is to prevent batters from being penalized for executing a successful strategic play. With the sacrifice fly, a hitter is not assessed a time at bat after placing a ball in play, which is one of only two cases when this occurs in baseball.

The base percentage of a player is still reduced by a sacrifice fly, and a player on a hitting streak will have his hit streak come to an end if he has no legitimate at-bats but hits a sacrifice fly while on the mound.

An official scorer will only provide credit for the sacrifice fly if the official scorer considers that the run would have scored had the fly ball been caught instead of being dropped by mistake.


The Seattle Mariners set the record for the most sacrifice fly by a team in a single game in 1988, and the Colorado Rockies equaled it in 2006 and then tied it again in 2008. The Mariners set the mark again in 2008, this time with six. Since the rule was reinstated in its current form, Gil Hodge of the Los Angeles Dodgers holds the record for the most sacrifice flies in a season with 19, set in 1954; Eddie Murray holds the record for the most sacrifice flies in a career with 128; and Jim Thome of the New York Mets holds the record for the most sacrifice flies in a career with 61.

Starting with the 2007 seasonTemplate: Players who have hit 115 or more career sacrifice flies should get the following update:

  1. Eddie Murray (128), Cal Ripken, Jr. (127), Robin Yount (123), Hank Aaron (121), George Brett (122), Rubén Sierra (121) and Hank Aaron (121). (120) After that, update the template. Rafael Palmeiro (119 points)
  2. Frank Thomas (120 points) (119) Template:Update after Daniel “Rusty” Staub(119)
  3. Andre Dawson(118)
  4. Don Baylor(115)
  5. Daniel “Rusty” Staub(119)
  6. And Don Baylor(115).


Template:Unreferencedsection Since 1893, sacrifice hits have not resulted in a time at-bat penalty for the batter, although the sacrifice fly rule has been altered several times throughout the years in baseball. The sacrifice fly was first used as a statistical category in 1908, but it was later phased out in 1931 due to lack of interest. The regulation was reinstated in 1939, only to be repealed a second time in 1940, before being reinstated for the final time the following year in 1954.


  • MLBOfficial Rules: ten dollars (ten dollars). The Official Scorer, which may be seen on the Major League Baseball website
  • From baseballlibrary.com, a chronology that contains the chronology of the sacrifice fly rule

Why it’s time for MLB to rethink the outdated sacrifice fly rule

Wade Boggs is the most knowledgeable person I’ve ever met when it comes to getting on base. Despite this, the Hall of Famer’s lifetime on-base percentage of.415 should have been much higher. What was the underlying cause for this? The sacrifice fly is a fly that is sacrificed. Although Boggs’ on-base percentage would have been.419, his 96 career sacrifice flies actually caused it to drop four points, from a would-be.419 to a real.415, because, unlike a sacrifice bunt, a sacrifice fly is counted against a player’s on-base percentage, even though it has no effect on his batting average.

  • You are not alone in your feelings.
  • “It’s weird, isn’t it?” “He shared his thoughts with me.
  • MORE:The reporting deadlines for spring training for all 30 teams I believe the notion is that bunting is regarded as a conscious act of self-sacrifice, but a sacrifice fly is regarded as a literal stroke of good fortune.
  • Boggs seemed to be in agreement.
  • “It is exactly what we teach at the high school when there is a guy on third and less than two outs.” Since 1954, sacrifice flies have been included in official baseball statistics.
  • The decision has been made that neither will count as an at-bat, therefore not affecting a player’s overall batting average, but that sacrifice bunts will not be counted against a player’s on-base percentage, as they were before their separation.
  • The question is, how often base hit bunt attempts result in sacrifice bunts because runners advance but the hitter is thrown out at first?
  • “At best, you’ll take a hit, and at worst, you’ll have no effect on your stats.

At the most, you’ll receive an extra-base hit, and at the worst, you’ll get a sacrifice fly. What if you don’t execute in either case? It’s a waste of time to be out there.” So, why should a batter be penalized for making an indisputably beneficial out at the plate?

The greater sacrifice

Baseball statistics, especially win probability added, have demonstrated that bunting nearly always has a negative impact on the chance of winning a game, but the sacrifice fly will almost always boost the likelihood of winning a game. However, for whatever reason, a hitter gets penalized for the hit that has the most beneficial impact on the result of a game for his side. A player is effectively compensated for making a smaller “sacrifice, ” in this case “In contrast, the bigger “sacrifice” is arguably rendered even greater by the fact that his on-base % is reduced as a result of the penalty.

  • “It is contributing to your team’s scoring, which is a good,” said Geoff Blum, who had 40 sacrifice flies in his career.
  • A batter can hit an intended sac fly just as easily as he can lay down an intentional sac bunt, after all.
  • “Big league hitters attempt and are capable of hitting medium-range fly balls for sacrifice flies.
  • The sacrifice bunt, on the other hand, is not.” In addition, batters can take use of the sacrifice bunt rule to their advantage.
  • It’s something you’re trained to do all of the time.

‘Your approach changes’

Now, let’s take a look at a hypothetical circumstance that is both severe and unlikely, but which is also theoretically plausible. A baseball player goes 1-for-1 on the season, hitting a solo home run and accumulating 501 sacrifice fly outs, for example. After that, he hits 1.000/.002/4.000 for the season, driving in 502 runs. A “terrible”.002 on-base percentage aside, this would unquestionably be the best single-season offensive performance by a single player in baseball history. That ludicrous stat line shows one important point: Because hitters frequently adopt a different frame of mind in a sac-fly situation, the execution of that frame of mind requires considerable talent.

  1. It’s necessary to modify the way you approach the game when you have a runner on third and less than two out “Bret Boone, a former professional football player, shared his thoughts.
  2. “If you’ve got a man on third base and less than two outs, you’ve got one task to do.
  3. You have to be aware of this.
  4. A sacrifice fly should in no way be considered a violation of your OBP.
  5. “You don’t just happen to run across them.” Todd Hollandsworth, a former major-league pitcher, went one step farther.
  6. It is his responsibility to evaluate the scenario.
  7. That rule, in my opinion, is ludicrous.
  8. “It is obvious to me that I want to get the ball in the air when there is a man on third with less than two outs.

Don’t get me wrong, a base hit would be fantastic, but I’m more concerned with getting the run in “Cameron Rupp of the Philadelphia Phillies shared his thoughts. “The reason why it wouldn’t count the same as a sac bunt is beyond me. “I believe that it is very necessary to change,” says the author.

Players’ consensus

In all, I spoke to an even dozen current and former ballplayers — Hall of Famer Tim Raines (76 career sac flies), Jerry Hairston Jr. (35 career sac flies) and Phillies slugger Tommy Joseph (six sac flies in 2016) also among them — and the jury is in: There is no reason that the sacrifice fly should be held against a player’s on-base percentage. Look no further than this final point: In 1954, when the sacrifice fly was established as its own statistic, a stipulation was made so that it would not impact a player’s batting average, which at the time was believe to be the keystone statistic representing offensive output.

See also:  What Is Su In Baseball

However, it did not become an official statistic until 1984, and even then was not lauded by the masses for another 15-20 years.

Using it, we can determine that the 1954 formula for on-base percentage (/) is outdated and in fact the formula that pre-dates it (/) is probably a better representation.

Don’t punish a ballplayer for successful execution.

Sacrifice fly – BR Bullpen

A sacrifice fly, abbreviated SF, is a fly ballout that allows a baserunner to advance to second base. While a sacrifice fly is often associated with a long fly ball to the outfield, it can be recorded on any fly ball, fair or foul. However, there have been instances where runners have scored from second or even first base on a sacrifice fly; it is also conceivable for more than one runner to score on a sacrifice fly in the same game. It is charged to the hitter with a plate appearance but not with an at bat, and he or she is credited with an RBI for each run scored as a consequence of that appearance.

It has been possible for a runner to advance after a fly ball is caught for an out since 1954 in its current form, but it has not always been feasible to do so.

It was abolished in 1931, resurrected (in its original form) in 1939, abolished once again in 1940, and then revived in its current form in 1954, after which it was abolished once more.

All Time Leaders
Span Player Total Notes
Career Eddie Murray 128
Season Gil Hodges 19 1954
Game Many Players 3

Further Reading

  • Herm Krabbenhoft, “Impact of the Varying Sac-Fly Rules on Batting Champs, 1931-2019,”Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 50, Number 2 (Fall 2021), pp. 59-64
  • Herm Krabbenhoft, “Impact of the Varying Sac-Fly Rules on Batting Champs, 1931-2019,”Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 50, Number 2 (Fall 2021), In his book, I’m Fascinated by Sacrifice Flies: Inside the Game We All Love, published by St. Martin’s Press in New York, NY, 2016, Tim Kurkjian explains why he is fascinated by sacrifice flies. ISBN 978-1250077936.

The Sacrifice Fly

By John SchwartzThe sacrifice fly was a part of major league baseball, off and on, for 36 of the 65 seasons before 1954, when it became, for the first time, a separate item in the official statistics. It has had a very checkered history and the reader may have trouble understanding or even following the various changes.In 1889 the entry “sacrifice hit” first appeared in baseball box scores. During the 1889-1893 seasons, players received credit for advancing baserunners on bunts, ground outs and fly balls. Batters were not exempted from an official team at bat when credited with a sacrifice.In 1894, sacrifices were limited to bunts, and a batter was not charged with a time at bat when he was credited with a sacrifice hit, as is the case today, the sacrifice fly rule did not return to the game until the 1908 season. The rule instituted in that year credited a batter with a sacrifice fly if a baserunner scored after the catch. A batter was not charged with a time at bat, but his sacrifice bunts and sacrifice flies were not separated in the official statistics. This rule was in effect until 1925.Beginning with the 1926 season, a more liberal version of the sacrifice fly rule was instituted. The basic provision was that any players who hit fly balls advancing runners to second and third were credited with sacrifices; no time at bat was charged for a sacrifice. After the 1930 season, during which the collective batting average of the major leagues exceeded.290, the sacrifice fly rule was eliminated. John B. Foster, the editor of the 1931Spalding Official Baseball Guide, in discussing several rule changes made that winter, commented:Last, but by no means least, the sacrifice fly was wiped out of thegame. Argument over this play has been interminable, and alwayscould be, but the Rules Committee wisely concluded that a sacrificemeant something more than swinging for a home run and knockinga fly long enough to permit a runner to score from third. The batterundoubtedly might mean to bat the long fly, but he would notdecline a home run if he could get one, and batting home runshardly comes under the category of sacrifices.The elimination of the sacrifice fly rule reduced the number of sacrifices from 1317 in 1930 to 789 in 1931 in the National League, and from 1283 to 650 for the same two seasons in the American League. In 1939 the scoring sacrifice fly, exempting a batter from a time at bat when a runner scored after the putout on a fly ball, was restored to the game. This lasted for a single season. In 1940, the sacrifice fly rule was once again removed from the rule book. In 1938, there were 681 sacrifices in the AL, and 673 in the NL. In 1939, the AL total (bunts+flies) jumped to 1056, and the NL recorded 1137. In 1940, with only the bunt rule in effect once again, there were 608 sacrifices in the AL and 658 in the NL.The next chapter in the sacrifice fly story occurred after the 1953 season. As reported inThe Sporting News:When the rules committee, at its meetings in New York, November2 and 3, restored the sacrifice fly, the group eliminated an inequityin the code that never should have been permitted.There is no adequate reason why a batter who drives in a run with along fly that sends a fielder back to the wall should be charged witha time at bat, while another who dumps a dinky bunt into the in-field to score a runner should have the time at bat eliminated.The sacrifice fly rule has remained unchanged to the present day. There is still some uneasiness about the sacrifice fly in the minds of rule makers. This is reflected in Rule 10.24, (a) and (b). A sacrifice fly is treated as if it were a hitless official time at bat with respect to consecutive hitting streaks and consecutive-game hitting streaks. This is not the case for the other four categories of plate appearances – bases on balls, hit batsmen, defensive interference, and sacrifice bunts – that are not charged as official at bats.Beginning with the 1954 averages, sacrifice bunts and sacrifice flies were listed separately in the official averages (AL pitching statistics did not separate SF from SH yielded until 1955). For this reason, most of the statistical information on sacrifice flies is restricted to the 1954-80 period. Some research has been done on earlier seasons; for example, SABR member Pete Palmer has determined that the three sacrifices credited to Ted Williams in 1939 were all SF. TheSporting News Record Booklists Pie Traynor of Pittsburgh with 31 SF in 1928 under the rule crediting a batter with a sacrifice for advancing a baserunner on a fly ball; Charles (Chick) Gandil of Washington and Sam Crawford of Detroit, both with 16 scoring SF in 1914, as the American League record holders for right- and left-handed batters respectively for SF in one season; and four batters, including two from before 1 954, with three scoring sacrifice flies in a single game: Harry Steinfeldt, CHI N, S MAY 1909; Bob Meusel, NY A, 15 SEP 1926; Ernie Banks, CHI N, 2 JUN 1961, in a night game; and Russ Nixon, BOS A, 31 AUG 1965, 2nd game.There have been 24,162 sacrifice flies in the major leagues in the seasons from 1954 to 1980, 12,523 (51.8%) in the AL and 11,639 (48.2%) in the NL. One out of every 143 major league plate appearances (0.7%) results in a SF. This ratio is 1/140 for the AL and 1/146 for the NL. The major league batting average, 1954-80, was.2544. If the sacrifice fly rule were not in effect, it would have been.2524. Thus the SF rule has had the effect of raising major league batting two percentage points.Since the introduction of the DH in the American League, offensive production has increased, and along with it, the frequency of the SF. The AL batting pct. since 1973 is.2626, and 1/125 plate appearances results in a SF. Without the SF rule, the AL would have hit.2602. For the NL, the batting pct. over the last eight seasons has been.2573 (.2551 without the SF) and the incidence of SF is 1/136 plate appearances.The increase in the frequency of the sacrifice fly in both leagues may have more to do with changes in defensive baseball than with changes in the offense. Gloves are larger, and the one-handed style of catching fly balls has increased in popularity among major league outfielders. A fielder can get off a throw more quickly after a two-handed catch than after a one-handed grab after which he must first bring his bare hand to the glove before throwing the ball to the catcher.Three of the tables accompanying this article deal with batting leaders; two detail the season leaders in the AL and NL each year from 1954 to 1980; the third is a list of batters who have hit 55 or more sacrifice flies in their careers since 1954. Brooks Robinson led or tied for the American League lead 4 times in his long career; Ron Santo and Johnny Bench have both managed to lead or tie for the NL lead 3 times. Gil Hodges, Jackie Jensen, Minnie Minoso, Dave Johnson, and Mike Schmidt, as well as Robinson and Bench, have managed to lead their league for two consecutive seasons.Hank Aaron’s 121 SF is the best lifetime total; 113 of these were hit in the NL, and that total is a record for the league. Brooks Robinson’s 114 set the AL record. Rusty Staub’s 106 are the most by a left-handed batter, and Reggie Smith’s 81 is the best total for a switch hitter.Gil Hodges hit 19 sacrifice flies in 1954, and this total remains the record for SF in a single season. The American League record is 17, set by switch hitter Roy White of the Yankees in 1971. Reggie Smith hit 13 SF while playing for the Dodgers in 1978. This is the NL record for switch hitters. Willie Montanez’s league leading total of 13 SF in 1971 set both the major league record for rookie batters and the National League standard for left-handed hitters. Leo Posada set the American League record for rookies when he tied for the league lead with 12 SF in 1961.Among pitchers, Bob Gibson of the St. Louis Cardinals had 18 sacrifice flies during his career, which is a record for hurlers. Warren Spahn had 14, although the sacrifice fly rule was not in effect during the first nine seasons of his career.Amos Otis hits sacrifice flies most frequently, averaging one every 85 plate appearances. His lifetime batting average would be four points lower if it were not for the SF rule. Pete Rose, who only averages one SF for every 216 trips to the plate, would only lose between one and two points from his average. Rose went through the entire 1973 season, 752 plate appearances, without hitting a SF, which is a record. Hank Aaron would have hit.302 without the SF rule; Willie Mays would have a lifetime batting pct. of.299 without it.Lou Brock hit only 46 SF despite his 11,240 plate appearances; his opportunities were undoubtedly restricted because he was usually a leadoff hitter. Maury Wills had only 29 SF in 8306 plate appearances; Ron Hunt had only 22 in 6158 plate appearances; and Don Blasingame had only 13 sacrifice flies in 5938 trips to the plate. Pitcher Larry Jackson was never credited with a sacrifice fly. He had 1192 plate appearances during his 14-year career.The fourth table accompanying this article details the records of the pitchers who have faced the most batters since 1954. All of the listed hurlers spent or have spent most of their careers as starting pitchers. The pitchers are rated according to batters faced divided by sacrifice flies yielded. The author is indebted to Pete Palmer, who separated sacrifice bunts from sacrifice flies yielded for pitchers in the American League in 1954. These totals were lumped together in the official averages.Sandy Koufax gave up SF least frequently among the listed pitchers. Whitey Ford has the best record for AL southpaws, and for pitchers who faced at least 10,000 batters. Phil Niekro has the best record among right-handed pitchers; Jim Palmer, while 12 thon the list, has the best record for AL righthanders.Billy Pierce, who faced 8648 batters after the reinstituting of the SF rule, yielded only 25 SF during his career, including four in 1954. This works out to a ratio of 346 BFP per SF, like Koufax and Ford, Pierce was a left-handed pitcher.Phil Niekro, who faced 1143 batters in 284 innings in 1969, set the major league records for BFP and IP in a season without yielding a sacrifice fly. The Atlanta pitcher topped the totals achieved by Cleveland right-hander Luis Tiant in 1968. Tiant pitched 258 innings, facing 987 batters, without giving up a SF.The scoring sacrifice fly rule has remained unaltered now for 27 consecutive seasons. While it may be questioned why a bunt must merely advance a runner, and a fly must score a runner, to be recorded as a sacrifice, there does not seem much agitation to apply consistency to the sacrifice rule by restoring the SF rule in effect from 1926 to 1930. For that matter, ground balls hit behind baserunners (Jim Gilliam was noted for this) are not recorded as sacrifices either. The sacrifice rule is uneven. Unless batting averages undergo a dramatic rise, however, the SF rule, imperfect as it is, will probably remain on the books.
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What Is a Sacrifice in Baseball? A Full Explanation

Herm Krabbenhoft, “The Impact of Varying Sac-Fly Rules on Batting Champs, 1931-2019,”Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 50, Number 2 (Fall 2021), pp. 59-64; Herm Krabbenhoft, “The Impact of Varying Sac-Fly Rules on Batting Champs, 1931-2019,”Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 50, Number 2 (Fall 2021), pp. 59 In his book, I’m Fascinated by Sacrifice Flies: Inside the Game We All Love, published by St.

Martin’s Press in New York, NY, 2016, Tim Kurkjian explains how he became fascinated with sacrifice flies.

What Counts as a Sacrifice in Baseball?

In baseball, sacrifices are divided into two categories: the sacrifice bunt (also known as the sacrifice hit, abbreviated as SH or SAC) and the sacrifice fly (SF). These essentially distinguish between a conscious attempt to produce an out in order to move a runner (the bunt) and a more-or-less inadvertent act in scoring a runner via a fly ball that nevertheless results in an out (the fly ball). When a hitter lays down a bunt, is retired at first base, and all runners advance at least one base safely, the batter is credited with a sacrifice bunt.

  1. As previously noted, in either circumstance, the hitter is not given an official at-bat, ensuring that his batting average is not harmed as a result of purposefully striking out in order to bring in a run.
  2. The fact that a batter does not have to be thrown out in order to be credited with a sacrifice presents a challenge.
  3. Additionally, if an outfielder drops the ball, but it is considered to be far enough to score a run regardless of whether or not it is dropped, the hitter will be given credit for a sac fly.
  4. To accomplish so, all runners would need to make it to the next base without getting hurt.
  5. A batter who intentionally bunts but manages to beat the throw to first base would most likely be credited with a single rather than a sacrifice rather than a sacrifice hit, according to the rules.

What Is a Productive Out in Baseball?

For the sake of this essay, we’ll refer to an out as “productive” if it allows a runner to move to the next base after it has been recorded. Sacrifice bunts and sacrifice flies are also examples of this type of creature. The majority of productive outs produced by hitters are considered sacrifices; however, there are several types of productive outs that are not considered sacrifices and are instead counted in the same way as any other out. In essence, this may be equated to the word “intent.” When it comes to sacrifice flies, it comes down to this: if the runner(s) goes up and a run scores on a flyout, it is considered a sacrifice fly.

In the infield, the purpose of the batter is the most important thing to consider, namely whether the batter bunted or took a complete swing.

This is typically done to advance a baserunner or to throw the defense off their game.

Whenever routine ground balls move runners forward, the hitter is just assessed a hitless at-bat, however he is awarded an RBI if the runners score as a result of the groundout.

So, while all sacrifices result in constructive outcomes, not all of these outcomes result in sacrifices as a result of the sacrifice.

Sacrifice vs Fielder’s Choice

The concept of sacrifices and productive outs can be confusing at first, which is understandable, but it is not too difficult to grasp once you become accustomed to it. What makes it more challenging is when you include another aspect – the fielder’s decision – into the mix. It is similar to a sacrifice bunt in terms of outcome, except that instead of the batter being recorded as out, it is recorded against a runner on the basepaths instead of him. When a fielder’s choice is made, the hitter advances to second base without being credited with a sacrifice.

  • When a hitter attempts to lay down a sacrifice bunt, but the bunt is inadequate, a fielder may be able to throw out the runner at either second or third base, like in the case of a sacrifice bunt.
  • There is another instance in which sacrifice bunts and fielder’s choices come into conflict: the squeeze play, which may be divided into two categories.
  • A “suicide squeeze” occurs when a runner comes onto the pitch, making a good bunt critical to avoiding tragedy in this situation.
  • A sacrifice bunt is normally awarded to the hitter after the runner scores on a squeeze play, regardless of whether the batter was retired at first or not in the previous game.
  • In this case, he may be awarded a hit.
  • A fielder’s choice is made in place of a sacrifice, if the batter gets the bunt down but the runner fails to make it to the plate.

How Common Are Sacrifices in Baseball?

It is only in specific situations that sacrifices may be gained; therefore, there are particular occurrences linked to where baserunners are, the number of outs on the clock, the score, and frequently what sort of batter you have at the plate that affect whether you will witness a sacrifice or not. In the twenty-first century, the frequency of sacrifice bunts has continuously fallen, with 0.16 sac bunts per game in 2019, or roughly one per club every six games. Because they are more random, sacrifice fly rates are more consistent, at 0.24 per game in 2019, or around one per club every four games.

In the early twentieth century, sacrifice bunts were prevalent, with more than one per team, every game, on average, from 1905 through 1930, with a peak of 1.30 twice.

Until 2011, when the sacrifice bunt rate declined at the fastest rate seen since the 1930s, this was a fairly near approximation of where the figure eventually landed.

This is due to the fact that most pitchers are famously bad hitters, thus anytime there is a runner on base with less than two outs, they are typically encouraged to try to bunt the runner over rather than risking a strikeout or turning the runner into an out.

Aside from that, the Major League Baseball leader in sac bunts It was a pitcher, Clayton Kershaw of the Los Angeles Dodgers, who laid down 15 sacrifice bunts in just 65 plate appearances, while Leury Garcia of the American League topped the league with 11 sacrifice bunts in 618 plate appearances, the most in the league.

  1. Consequently, the rate of sacrifice bunts dropped by more than half, to just 0.07 per club, each game.
  2. During the course of 60 games, the average club lay down only four sacrifice bunts, with three of those teams failing to record a sacrifice bunt.
  3. A sacrifice fly may be called for in a certain scenario, but the hitter may instead hit a double or knock the ball over the left field wall instead.
  4. As a result, sac fly rates have become more consistent over time.
  5. That figure is tied for the lowest since the American League implemented the designated hitter in 1973, though that has more to do with teams shifting away from a strategy that involves moving runners around the bases and instead attempting to draw walks and then hit home runs.
  6. (more or less).
  7. This demonstrates that sacrifice flies have far lower volatility over time (although for a shorter period of time) than sacrifice bunts.
  8. Between 1993 and 2000, six of the seven greatest sac fly rates ever recorded occurred, making this the most productive era during that time period.

The takeaway from this is that overall offensive tendencies can help anticipate how many sacrifice flies you’ll see, but the amount of sacrifice bunts continues to decline. In either case, you’ll very likely see them both, but not in great abundance.


Eddie Collins, who played in the majors from 1905 to 1930, holds the lifetime record most sacrifice bunts with 512, which he established during his career.

Who Has the Most Sacrifice Bunts in a Season?

Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians established the record for the most sacrifice bunts in a season in 1917 with an astounding 67.

Who Has the Most Career Sacrifice Flies?

Eddie Murray owns the lifetime record for sacrifice flies, having hit 128 of them between 1977 and 1997, despite the fact that he was never the league’s leader in that statistic.

Who Has the Most Sacrifice Flies in a Season?

It was Gil Hodges in 1954 who established the record for the most sacrifice flies in a season with 19, which was the first year that the record was kept.

What Is Tagging Up in Baseball?

Tagging up is the term used to describe a runner who stays on their base until a fly out is recorded before attempting to advance to the following base. The runner is not allowed to leave the base until the ball has been caught, otherwise they will be called out. On long fly balls, you’ll see runners tag up from third base all of the time.

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What is a Sacrifice Fly in Baseball? And Other Interesting Facts about Sac Flys – Baseball

When a runner scores after a hitter hits a flyball that is either successfully caught or dropped by a fielder, the official scorer decides that the runner would have scored even if the ball had been caught.

How long has the sacrifice fly statistic been in place?

The sacrifice fly has been around since 1908 and was in use until 1931, according to historical records. And then for a little while in 1939. Even at that time, it was not recorded separately from the other sacrifices on the altar. It wasn’t until 1954 that it was officially recognized as a separate official statistic.

But does a sacrifice fly count against the batter?

Yes. No, it isn’t. The downside is that sacrifice flies have a detrimental impact on a hitter’s on-base percentage (OBP). The good news is that they do not affect the hitter’s batting average in any way. In addition, when a hitter hits a sacrifice fly, the hitter is given credit for one run scored.

Can You Score From Second Base on a Sacrifice Fly?

Absolutely, albeit it is generally necessitated by one or more of the following events:

  • Player collapsing
  • Players collapsing into each other (as a continuation of the previous point)
  • Making a blunders as a player (for example, not comprehending that the flyout was not the 3rd out)

We also have a montage of players scoring from second base, thanks to YouTube user Crazy For Baseball: A player can even score from first base if the other team makes a throwing error.

Who are the league leaders for sacrifice fly each year?

Since 1954, the league’s top sacrifice flyer has had between 7 and 19 total sacrifices. Please keep scrolling to the left and right to view the leaders of the American and National Leagues, respectively.

Who are the career leaders for sacrifice fly?

Eddie Murray and Cal Ripken Jr., two long-time Baltimore Orioles, are at the top of the lifetime leaderboard with their respective batting averages.

What is the shortest sacrifice fly ever recorded?

Actually, I’m not sure what I’m thinking. It’s possible that one of these sacrifice flyballs or sacrifice popouts will be selected for the final roster.

Does A Sacrifice Fly Count As An AB?

The most recent update was made on

Sacrifice Fly

An ” SF ” will appear on the scorecards if a play has been designated as a sacrifice fly, sometimes known as a ” sac fly ” for short. When a hitter gives up his ability to run to ensure that a teammate who is already on base may advance and get closer to home plate, a sacrifice fly is essentially the same as when a sacrifice bunt is used. An example of when a hitter would employ this is if the batting team has a player on third base who is poised to score a run and the number of outs on the field is becoming tight.

Coaches are often in charge of making these kind of decisions and communicating them to the players. This holds true for sacrifice flies in softball, as well. Other plays that will assist you in detecting a sac fly are as follows:

  • When you hit a ball into the outfield or into the infield, whether it is fair or foul
  • When a running player on the field who is currently on base scores a run, it is known as a run-scoring opportunity. An outfielder or foul territory catches a sacrifice fly ball in the outfield or foul area. At the moment of the hit, there are less than two outs left in the game.

Here is a video that is both entertaining and educational: allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture” frameborder=”0″ allow=”accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media” allowfullscreen “The Dark Knight Rises: What Went Wrong?” is the title of the article. “Wisecrack Edition” > “Wisecrack Edition” It’s important to remember that two mistakes and a weak infield fly do not count as an RBI. Eddie Murray now holds the record for the most sacrifice flies in a career with 128 sac flys, according to the latest sacrifice fly statistics.

At Bats

An at-bat is a player’s batting turn, and plays that do not result in a run being scored are counted as plate appearances. For example, a sacrifice fly would be counted as an at-bat even if the player did not bat. Even though sacrifice flies are considered as at-bats, there are situations when sacrifice flies will not be charged as an at-bat in order to avoid a hitter being penalized. The majority of the decisions are made by the scorers and their interpretation of what transpired.

Batting Average

Using the following batting average formula, you can see how sac flies effect your overall batting average: Batting Average is calculated as the product of the number of hits and the number of at-bats. Keep in mind that the majority of sacrifice flies will be classified as At-Bats.

Sacrifice Bunt

It is possible to score and be credited with an RBI when a hitter intentionally bunts the ball in order to enable for a runner who is already on the field to score and be credited with an RBI. Sacrifice bunts do not count toward base percentage since the choice to bunt is typically not made by the player, but rather by the third-base coach in the majority of instances.

Let’s Recap

So, to summarize everything we’ve learned so far about Sacrifice Flies, we’ll say:

  • Sacrifice a batter’s run in order to allow a team member who is already on the field to score runs and move closer to the goal line
  • An at-bat is counted as an at-bat unless it was intentionally thrown to get the hitter to strike out. It has an impact on your batting average
  • An action taken by a coach, most of the time Counted as an earned run
  • Counted as a run batted in. They aren’t included in the on-base percentage.

Image courtesy of Mark Maunoon on Flickr. He has been playing baseball since he was about the age of ten, according to the author. The 2020 high school graduate is presently pursuing his aim of becoming a professional baseball player in order to fulfill his childhood ambition.

What Is A Sacrifice Fly In Baseball? Definition & Meaning On SportsLingo

Sac*ri*fice the flier

What Is The Definition Of Sacrifice Fly In Baseball?

The act of hitting a sacrifice fly to the outfield and having that ball caught for an out allows a runner on third base to tag up and score at home plate is known as a sacrifice sacrifice. The hitter is then credited with an RBI but is not charged with an at-bat for the remainder of the game. It will be noted on the scorecard that the at-bat was a sacrifice fly for that team. It is possible for a hitter to advance to third base and score on a sacrifice fly if the fly ball is caught in foul area or anyplace else on the field.

Nonetheless, it does not occur frequently, mostly because the fielder who catches the ball is usually too near to home plate, making it simpler to throw the baserunner out.

Examples Of How Sacrifice Fly Is Used In Commentary

The first pitch of the game is delivered by Bonds to left field, where Henderson is able to tag up and score with a tag-up play.

Bonds will be credited with a sacrifice fly and will earn RBI number 97 once the outfielder catches the ball for out number two of the inning.

Sports The Term Is Used

1.Baseball Softball is the second sport.

Also Known As:

1. Sac Fly (also known as the Sac Fly etymology is Sac Fly etymology is Sac Fly

Abbreviated As:

SF is a first-person singular pronoun that is used to refer to a person who is a first-person singular pronoun that is used to refer to a person who is a first-person singular pronoun that is used to refer to a person who is a first-person singular pronoun that is used to refer to a person who is a first-person singular pronoun that is used to refer to a person who is a first-person singular pronoun that (This page has been seen 313 times, with 1 visit today)


(Bob DeChiara, PRESSWIRE – United States) There are two different kinds of sacrificial ‘hits’. Sacrifice bunts (sac) and sacrifice flies (sac) are two types of sacrifices (SF). Rule 10.08 of the scoring system addresses this.

Sacrifice Fly

The sacrifice fly rule is a simple one to understand and use. When a hitter hits a fly ball that is caught but goes deep enough for a runner to tag up and score, the batter should be given extra credit for the SF. A SF should be awarded to the hitter if an outfielder drops a readily catchable ball, and the fielder should be awarded an E if there are no more than two outs in the game. In other words, credit a sac fly if it would have been a sac fly if the mistake had not occurred. A sac fly also results in an RBI for the batter.

Sacrifice Bunt

The sacrifice bunt rule, on the other hand, necessitates the official scorer possessing some kind of mind-reading ability. It is assumed that the hitter bunted and moved a runner (or more) to second base while also being thrown out at first base. However, if the scorer determines that the hitter was attempting to bunt for a hit, the at bat should be recorded instead of the sac charge. The inning, the score, and the number of outs can all be utilized to assist discern a batter’s intentions in the batter’s box.

If, on the other hand, the team is down by three runs, a “successful” sacrifice bunt should almost certainly be counted the same way as a ground out.

It is important to note that if the defense would not have been able to get the batter out, you can score it as a base hit instead of a sacrifice (for example, a runner on second, a perfect bunt towards third with no chance of getting the batter, and the defense tries unsuccessfully to get the runner going to third– score it as a single) Furthermore, if any runner is forced out while attempting to advance a base on a bunt, no sacrifice is scored.

It just becomes a standard fielder’s decision after a while.

When was the sacrifice fly rule changed to only include fly balls that resulted in a run scoring?

Submitted by Tony (East Meadow, NY) When I was growing up, players were given credit for a sacrifice fly if a runner tagged them from second base and advanced to third base after being hit by a fly ball. My acquaintance, on the other hand, is of the opposite opinion. Could you please assist me with this? I have a box score from a game I attended in 1960 that shows a sacrifice fly with no RBIs for the individual who hit it, which I believe to be the correct interpretation. Tony’s query was addressed by Rick, who said: “Thank you for your question.” The status of sacrifices in baseball has shifted back and forth several times during the course of the game.

A number of alternative methods of advancing runners with outs have been recognized by the rules at previous periods.

The batter’s time at bat is still being charged to his or her account.

Sacrifice hits are no longer counted toward a player’s total time at bat.

In 1908, if a batter successfully drives in a run with a fly ball, the batter is now rewarded a sacrifice.

The number of sacrifice flies was included in the overall number of sacrifice hits, but they were also tallied individually.

Any fly out that advances a runner, or any fly ball that results in a mistake that would have advanced the runner if the out had been recorded, are both considered sacrifices during the period 1926 to 1930.

Sacrifice flies are once again included in the calculation of sacrifice hits, but only those that result in a score.

Sacrifices are allowed under Rule 10.08.

If Baseball Reference’s timeline is right, the year would have been 1939 or 1940, depending on who you ask.

If you relocate a runner, it’s considered a sac. That’s what I’ve always felt. It wouldn’t be the first time I was proven incorrect, I’m sure of it. Thanks to the fact that I don’t interfere with our scorebooks! Rick, you’re the best in baseball.

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