## Baseball 101: Slash Lines

Baseball 101 is an ongoing series from The Good Phight’sAllie Fosterthat breaks down some of the multifaceted aspects of baseball for those fans who might not be as familiar with the ins and outs of the game. In this ninth edition, she explains an often-used combination of statistics called a slash line. You can read other entrieshere. Cesar Hernandezis slashing.303/.361/.482. Jean Segurais slashing.308/.354/.478.JT Realmutois slashing.272/.325/.462. What do these numbers mean and what’s considered “good” for these stats?

Occasionally a fourth slash may be included, that number is on base plus slugging.

Batting average is one of the most common stats used in baseball.

An at-bat is when the batter reaches base via hit, error or fielder’s choice or is retired on a non-sacrifice.

- The number is calculated to three decimal places, but is said without the decimal.
- The highest single season batting average in MLB history wasNap Lajoie, who batted.426 for the Philadelphia Athletics in 1901.
- He had 11,439 at bats over 3,034 games.
- It does not include errors, fielder’s choices or dropped third strikes.
- The average MLB on base percentage is currently.320.
- Slugging percentage looks similar to batting average and on base percentage, and is read the same way, but is more complicated to calculate.
- It’s also weighted, to benefit multi-base hits.

The average MLB slugging percentage is currently.419.

So what do these numbers mean when put together and why is this such a commonly-used combination?

For example,Mike Trout ’s current.276 average isn’t exactly turning any heads.

The comparison between his relatively average batting average and high on base percentage implies he’s getting walked a lot.

Josh Bell, on the other hand, is slashing.338/.405/.706.

His 39 extra base hits are the most in the Majors, confirming that suggestion.

This shows that, while he may be getting on base at a decent rate, he’s really excelling at the long-ball.

When a player has high numbers across his entire slash line, like Bell orCody Bellingerwho is slashing.382/.469/.770 and comfortably leads the Majors in all three statistics, it means they are a dangerous offensive threat in every capacity.

It really depends on what type of hitter you’re looking at.

Getting those guys on base in any fashion gives the heart of the order- Realmuto andRhys Hoskins, who usually have higher slugging percentages- the opportunity to drive them in.

Just last week he was leading the team in all three statistics.

He’s cooled off a bit lately, but the guy is a hit machine and currently has my vote for team MVP.*Bonds achieved these during the Steroid Era All stats are up to date before games on 5/29.

## What Is A Slash Line In Baseball? Definition & Meaning On SportsLingo

Line of slashing

## What Is The Definition Of Slash Line In Baseball?

1. This word is used to define the most important batting statistics that have been gathered for a particular player. The triple slash line is made up of three statistics: batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage, and it is commonly used in baseball. It is occasionally necessary to use the phrase “slashed” in order to refer to the slash line of a player; for example, “This season, he slashed.340/.410/.520.”

## What Is A Good Batting Average?

Today’s baseball has an average batting average of around.250 over the whole Major League Baseball (MLB), with the high end of the spectrum attaining a batting average of closer to.275. Generally speaking, a batting average of.300 or greater is regarded to be exceptional. A batting average of that high over the course of a season is often only achieved by a small number of players in a given league.

## What Is A Good On-Base Percentage?

An on-base percentage (OBP) of approximately.360 is regarded to be above average in the baseball world. Having an on-base percentage (OBP) of.370 or above places a player among the top players in the league in this metric.

## What Is A Good Slugging Percentage?

In today’s game, a respectable slugging percentage is around around.450. A slugging percentage of.550 or higher is regarded to be exceptional.

## What Is A Good Baseball Slash Line?

To achieve above-average results in each of the three statistical categories that comprise a good baseball slash line (batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage), it is necessary to achieve above-average results in all three of the statistical categories that comprise the slash line. As previously stated in the answers, an above-average slash line would be around.450/.360/.275, which is above the national average. .550/.370/.300 would be an outstanding slash line for a genuinely outstanding batter to have.

## What Does OPS Stand For?

On-base plus slugging (also known as OPS) is a combined statistic that is occasionally used in conjunction with or instead of the slash line. Adding a player’s on-base percentage to his or her slugging percentage results in this figure being calculated. In the case of a player having an on-base percentage of.350 and a slugging percentage of.400, the player’s OPS would be.750, as shown in the table below.

## What Is A Good OPS?

The best batters in Major League Baseball often have an OPS of.800 or better. Those at the absolute top of the rankings for OPS often have scores ranging from approximately.900 to one.

## Examples Of How Slash Line Is Used In Commentary

José Altuve’s slash line during his MVP season in 2017 was 346/410/547, which was the best in the majors.

## Sports The Term Is Used

1.Baseball

## Also Known As:

1. Triple Slash Line (also known as the Triple Slash Line) (Visited 1,415 times, 2 visits today)

## Slash line – BR Bullpen

Unless otherwise stated, all logos are the trademark property of their respective owners, not Sports Reference LLC. We are presenting them here solely for the sake of education. The following is our justification for exhibiting objectionable logos. The incredible SportsLogos.net produced this collection of logos. Copyright 2000-2020Sports Reference LLC provided the primary NCAA data. All intellectual property rights are retained. RetroSheet provided us with a large amount of free play-by-play, game results, and transaction information that we utilized to construct particular data sets, as well as information that we used to create those data sets.

Sean Smith has supplied the total zone rating as well as a first framework for calculating Wins above Replacement (WAR).

Some high school information is provided courtesy of David McWater. David Davis provided several vintage player head photos for this article. Thank you very much to him. All photos are the property of their respective owners and are shown solely for informative reasons on this website.

## A look at all the players in MLB who have a shot at the elite .300/.400/.500 slash

Especially as the 2016 season comes to a close, one of the things I enjoy doing the most is taking a look around the league at different stat tentpoles and determining which players will stand out in few years when we look back. When it comes to having a terrific all-around hitting season, the gaudy.300/.400/.500 triple slash line is a solid standard. Nothing in a sophisticated sport like baseball is ever perfect, and this stat line is no exception, but it provides a fast and easy overview of a player’s performance with the bat and the stick.

- However, it is important to remember that in the same season, the playing field is relatively level.
- There are 23 qualifying hitters who are hitting.300 or higher heading into Friday.
- It still makes me giggle how many people believe that on-base percentage is some complicated sabermetric statistic that was concocted out of thin air.
- The most fundamental principle of baseball is on-base percentage (OBP).
- That is the most crucial thing to remember.
- Only six qualifying batters had a batting average of.400 or above heading into Friday.
- USATSI Of course, context is always important in these situations, and merely collecting a bunch of singles and/or walks isn’t nearly as useful as hitting balls in the gaps or the seats, which is why we need slugging percentage to be calculated.
- In this season of tremendous power, a remarkable 37 players have a slugging percentage of.500 or more right now.
- Preliminary consideration should be given to what sort of offensive player is required before evaluating the applicants.
- It was accomplished in 2013 by Andrew McCutchen, Paul Goldschmidt, Miguel Cabrera, and Mike Trout.

Only McCutchen and Victor Martinez were active in 2014. Last year, it was Goldschmidt, Cabrera, Joey Votto, and Bryce Harper who were named to the All-Star team. Trout was one batting average point short of making it. This year, he won’t have any problems.

### .300/.400/.500 locks for 2016

David Ortiz had a.300/.400/.500 batting line in 2012. Will he be able to repeat the feat in his final season? USATSI

### Still in play

We’ll stop there since Donaldson isn’t going to add 16 points to his average in ten days, so we’ll end there. For the sake of entertainment, here is a list of players who have made at least 5,000 career plate appearances to slash. Over the course of their careers, they averaged 300/400/500 points: Ty Cobb, Stan Musial, Tris Speaker, Mel Ott, Babe Ruth, Chipper Jones, Frank Thomas, Ted Williams, Manny Ramirez, Jimmie Foxx, Lou Gehrig, Rogers Hornsby, Todd Helton, Harry Heilmann, Edgar Martinez, Larry Walker, Hank Greenberg, Shoeless Joe Jackson, and Joey Votto are just a few of the baseball legends who have passed away recently.

What about the Trout?

However, he is overrated because you have unilaterally determined that you despise WAR.

## A complete beginner’s guide to baseball stats: Batting statistics, and what they mean

Baseball is a game of statistics. Statistical information can be found in many sports, but there is something unique about baseball that makes it the ideal sport for statisticians of all stripes. Indeed, the study of baseball statistics has been given a distinct name: sabermetrics, which stands for sabermetric analysis of baseball statistics. With all of the wacky terms like DRS and wRC+ being thrown around in baseball articles, it can be difficult for baseball writers to remember that there are those who don’t obsess over the minutiae of the game, but simply enjoy it for what it is: a game.

- As a result, in order to make things easier for people who are unfamiliar with baseball statistics, we’ll take a deep dive into what each of the major baseball data means.
- Consider this to be an introductory course on baseball statistical analysis.
- Without further ado, let us go through the fundamentals of a box score.
- We have left off the pitching statistics, which will be covered in greater detail in the following section.

#### At Bats (AB)

This one is very self-explanatory, however it can be a little difficult to understand. It is depicted as AB in a box score. At Bats are the number of times a player comes to the plate and either hits, strikes out, reaches on an error, or is fielded out of the field by the other team. Walking, sacrificing one’s own base, and being hit by pitch are all examples of what does not qualify as an at bat. Thus, while Jose Iglesias appears to have fewer at bats than the other members of the lineup, he actually has more since he has walked more than the other members of the lineup.

Because it includes both of the categories above, plate appearances are a more literal representation of how many times a player has really appeared at the plate on a given occasion.

The fact that catcher interference happens in the course of a play means that the trip to the plate does not qualify as an at bat or a plate appearance is vital to remember.

#### Run (R) and Runs Batted In (RBI)

When a hitter reaches home plate, either via their own efforts (a home run) or through the efforts of another batter, they are awarded an Arun(R). It is possible to score a run as a consequence of a batter’s efforts, which is denoted by the term “run batted in.” Confused? It’s not an issue. We can see in the box score above that Jeimer Candelario has scored a run, but he does not have an RBI. While he did cross home plate and score a run, it did not happen as a consequence of his own at-bat. RBIs have been recorded by bothNicholas Castellanos andNiko Goodrum.

Let’s see what happens.

I’m not sure how I figured it out without searching.

Based on the batting order and the restricted amount of runs and RBIs scored throughout the game, it was easy to come to the conclusion stated above.

#### Hits (H)

During an at bat, a hit (H) is defined as when the hitter reaches at least first base. Thus becomes a little more complicated since a hitter can reach first base on an error or a fielder’s choice, and this does not count as a hit in the final analysis. ** I’m included this disclaimer since I’m continuing to use the terminology and don’t want to cause any misunderstanding. An erroris was defined as any situation in which a fielder made a mistake that allowed the batter to advance to second base without being thrown out.

- Afielder’s choice denotes that an offensive player permitted the batter to advance to first base as a consequence of an unsuccessful attempt to put out a different runner in the field of play at the time.
- This would be deemed a fielder’s choice.
- Because a hit does not include an error or a fielder’s choice, it is possible for a hitter to reach first base without it being counted as a hit in baseball.
- A double, in which the hitter advances to second base, is denoted by the number 2B.

An HR is a representation of a home run. Every one of them is referred to as a “extra base hit.” In most cases, basic game box scores just indicate hits; however, a player’s stat page on a website such as Baseball Reference or FanGraphs will provide a more extensive assessment of their performance.

#### Base on Balls (BB)

This statistic is a slang term for the act of walking. This only applies when a hitter hits four balls in a row and is awarded first base as a result of doing so. An intentional walk (also known as IBB, or intentional base on balls) counts as a walk in the same way. An exception to this rule is when a hitter gets struck by the ball (also known as a hit by pitch or HBP) and is awarded a tripe to first base in response to the hit. Strikeouts are a type of dismissal (K) Strikeouts are rather easy; a strikeout occurs when a hitter sees or swings at three strikes, resulting in the batter’s at-bat being terminated.

If the batter is struck out looking, the batter is struck out looking, and the strikeout is signified by a K.

### Batting Stats

Batting average (also known as AVG above), on-base percentage (OBP) and slugging percentage (SLG) are the three most important batting statistics to grasp in baseball (SLG). These are sometimes depicted as three stats side by side, separated by slashes, which has given rise to the moniker “slash line,” as in.220/.267/.314 (James McCann’s 2018 slash line), which is an abbreviation for “slash line.” If you ever read that a player “slashed” a given number, it will almost always be followed by one or more of the three statistics listed above.

Examine the methods used to calculate each of those numbers.

#### Batting Average (AVG or BA)

This one is really straightforward. The batting average (BA) of a player is derived by dividing the total number of hits by the total number of at bats. An individual player’s season overall batting average, rather than simply a single game average, would be represented by the box score shown above. This provides a more thorough picture of how a player has performed to this point in time. It would be reasonable to assume that every third at bat resulted in a hit for a player with a.300 average.

#### On-base percentage (OBP)

This is also referred to as the “on-base average” from time to time in baseball (OBA). If you’ve seen the movieMoneyball, you might have a rudimentary concept of why this statistic is prized by certain teams and is considered more useful than batting average by others. This statistic is more comprehensive than batting average since it takes into account all of the times a batter advances to second base. Unlike in previous years, errors and fielder’s choice do not go towards this total, but it does include hits, walks, and batters who are hit by a pitch.

According to mathematical formulas, on-base percentage is computed by subtracting the total number of hits from the total number of walks and strikeouts, then dividing the result by the total number of at bats, walks, strikeouts, and sacrifice flies.

Yes, that is a significant amount. It’s no surprise that it is regarded as more inclusive.

#### Slugging (SLG)

Accept my apologies in advance for getting a little mathematical here. Slugging is defined as the sum of all bases (including all extra base hits) divided by the number of at bats. The most straightforward approach to comprehend this is to look at the formula. Thanks to Wikipedia for this image. Who else has the impression that they’re back in high school math class? It is advantageous to use slugging as a stat rather than batting average since it gives more weight to a player’s extra base hits rather than giving equal weight to all hits, as batting average does.

It enables for a more complete picture of a player’s overall performance at the plate to be obtained.

#### On-base plus slugging (OPS)

This may be regarded an overall evaluation of a player’s productivity because it takes into account both how frequently the batter gets to base (on-base percentage) and how frequently they hit for extra bases (on-base percentage) (SLG). It is usually accepted that if you see someone hitting with an OPS of over 1.000, it means that they are having an exceptionally outstanding season at the plate. Niko Castellanos was the Tigers’ top offensive performer last season, posting an OBP of.354, an SLG of.500, and an OPS of.854.

OPS+ analyzes a player’s overall point total and adjusts it for external factors like as the parks in which the game was played (as some are more hitter friendly than others).

For example, Castellanos had an OPS+ of 130 in 2018, which indicates that he performed 30 percent higher than the league average.

Because OPS+ begins to introduce us to more sophisticated statistics, we’ll conclude our fundamental statistics course here.

## What Is Slugging Percentage in Baseball? The Ultimate Guide

In baseball, huge hits are responsible for a large number of the game’s most thrilling plays. When a hitter hits a double into the corner of the infield, a triple into the alley, or a home run over the wall, it is called a double. Slugging % is a famous statistic that stresses the importance of swinging for the fences, and it is indicative of the sorts of plays that get spectators out of their seats and on their feet. So, what is the slugging % in this case? Extra-base hits, such as doubles, triples, and home runs, are calculated using the slugging percentage statistic, which indicates how successful a batter is at hitting these types of hits.

The statistic is determined by taking the total number of bases and dividing it by the number of at bats.

However, because of the numerous variables that influence slugging percentage, there isn’t always a direct relationship between how excellent of a power hitter someone is and how good of a slugging % they have. Let’s go a little more into the statistic:

## What Is Slugging Percentage in Baseball?

The purpose of slugging % is to attribute a figure to a hitter’s ability to drive the ball and rack up extra-base hits, and this is accomplished via the use of advanced statistics. Despite the fact that the statistic is known as “slugging percentage,” the term is a little misleading because it is really a ratio, or what is known as a “rate stat,” rather than a genuine percentage. A batter’s slugging percentage (often abbreviated as SLUG or SLG, or simply referred to as “slugging”) is calculated by dividing the total number of bases or the total number of bases earned in all of his hits by the total number of official at bats.

It comes down to determining the average number of bases that a batter would gain for every official at bat, which means that both the ability to collect extra-base hits and the ability to do so on a consistent basis are important factors in achieving a high slugging percentage in the game of baseball.

## How Do You Calculate Slugging Percentage in Baseball?

bmcent1 courtesy of Canva.com Two pieces of information are required in order to calculate an individual’s slugging percentage: the total number of at bats the player has had and the total number of bases he has amassed. The slugging percentage formula is fairly straightforward, and it is calculated by dividing the total number of bases scored by the total number of at bats taken. Total bases are calculated by taking a batter’s total number of hits and adding one additional base for each double, two additional bases for each triple, and three additional bases for each home run.

- One important point to keep in mind when calculating slugging percentage is that it only considers official at bats and not unauthorized at bats.
- For the sake of at bats, bases on balls (walks), hit-by-pitch,sacrifice bunts, and sacrifice flies are all deleted from the at bat ledger, with those counts being grouped into the “plate appearances” ledger.
- He has also laid down five sacrifice bunts and hit five sacrifice flies during his career.
- We’ll claim that he accumulated 60 hits in the 200 at bats, including 10 doubles, five triples, and ten home homers.
- With the increased bases, 10+10+30=50, so add 50 to the 60 hits and you get 110 total bases.

That number is almost always written as three decimals, so it will be written as.550, meaning that our example batter will record, on average.55 total bases per at bat. The question is, is that a good number or not?

## What Is a Good Slugging Percentage in Baseball?

The fact that slugging % is a rate statistic means that it is subject to up-and-down variations in Major League Baseball as the league’s conditions change. It is possible that these changes will take the form of a changed composition of the actual baseball, regulation changes, new ballparks (with different dimensions), altering trends in pitcher use, or even weather that is poorer than typical throughout the season. Despite this, there is a very well-defined threshold for what constitutes a “good” slugging percentage.

- Similarly, heading towards the extremes, a slugging percentage of.350 is considered bad, while a slugging percentage of.650 is considered excellent.
- On the opposite end of the scale, 119 hitters have produced a slugging percentage below.350 since 2005, which is the most recent period available.
- For example, eight players have had a slugging average greater than.650 in a season since 2005.
- The opposite is true for the 119 guys who batted below.350 in a season; just one of them, Luis Castillo, managed to bat above.300 in 2009, batting.302 as a result of his only 16 extra-base hits for the whole season.
- Another interesting fact about that ranking is that only 15 of the 119 players hit 10 or more home runs that season, with no one reaching more than sixteen.

## History of Slugging Percentage

Yobro10, courtesy of Canva.com However, even though it is a relatively new statistic when compared to many of the more established metrics, slugging percentage has been in widespread usage for several decades. The term “total bases average,” which is a forerunner to slugging %, was first used in 1867 by Henry Chadwick to describe a player’s total bases per game. The current slugging percentage, which is calculated based on total bases per at bat rather than total bases per game, became an official National League statistic in 1923 and an official American League statistic in 1946.

Chadwick also pointed out that many hits in those days were exacerbated by errors because fielders did not wear gloves at the time.

Since one of the earliest documented mainstream uses of slugging percentage was on the back of Ralph Kiner’s 1952 Bowman baseball card, which noted that he had been the National League leader in slugging percentage the previous year, popular usage would be decades away.

Due to the fact that slugging % is now a widespread phrase in the baseball language, you’ll be able to tell more accurately when you see it on a player’s stat line whether the player is more of an average batter, or more of an elite slugger.

## Career Slugging Percentage Leaders

In terms of career slugging percentage, the following are the top five:

- Joe DiMaggio had a career slugging percentage of.5821, while Babe Ruth had one of the best in baseball history at.6897. Ted Williams had a career slugging percentage of.6338, while Lou Gehrig had one of the best at.6324. Jimmie Foxx has one of the best in baseball history at.6093, while Barry Bonds has one of the best at 6069. Hank Greenberg has one of the best in baseball history at

## What Is On Base Percentage?

When a hitter makes it to base more than once per plate appearance, this is known as the on base percentage (OBP). It is possible to get on base % by counting walks, hits, and hit-by-pitch, but it does not include errors, fielder’s choice, dropped strike three, fielder’s obstruction, catcher’s interference, and sacrifice bunts, among other things.

## Odds and Ends About Slugging Percentage

- Barry Bonds established the record for the greatest single-season slugging percentage in 2001 with an.863 mark. Bonds amassed 411 total bases in only 476 at-bats that season, including a Major League-leading 73 home runs, which set a new record for the most in a single season. Additionally, Bonds’ batting average for the season was.328, shattering Babe Ruth’s 81-year-old single-season record of.847, which had been held since 1920. Bonds and Ruth are the only men to have achieved the top six slugging percentages in a season, with each of them claiming three of those illustrious campaigns. They are also the only players in Major League Baseball history to have a slugging percentage greater than.800 in a single season, with each of them accomplishing this feat twice
- The highest single-season slugging percentage for a team in history is.495, achieved by the 2019 Houston Astros, who hit a combined total of 288 home runs. Additionally, the 2019 Minnesota Twins and 2019 New York Yankees both posted.494 and.490 batting averages, which were the second and fourth greatest records in Major League Baseball history, respectively. Because they had the greatest batting average of the three teams, the Astros had the highest batting average, hitting.274
- While the Red Sox had the lowest batting average, hitting.238.

### Related Articles

- Hits in Baseball (1B, 2B, 3B, HR)
- The Ultimate Resource on Hits in Baseball (1B, 2B, 3B, HR)
- What Is a Pinch Hitter in Baseball and Why Do They Exist? A Guide to the Rules and Usage
- A Detailed Guide to the Materials Used to Make Baseball Bats
- What is a Double Switch in Baseball
- What is a Designated Hitter in Baseball

## r/baseball – Figuring out a slash line and OPS

What I’m having trouble with is coming up with an OPS line and slash line at the same time. I get what you’re saying about batting average. It’s a score out of 1000, with an average score of roughly.300 or higher. When you’re at bat, keep track of how many times you are hit. It’s quite straightforward. OPB: I understand what you’re saying. Essentially, it’s a proportion of the total. How many times out of a thousand you get to be on base. Again. I believe 350 is an average score, perhaps a bit higher.

- I’m aware that the absolute most you can earn is.4000, which means that every time you go to bat, you smash a home run in the process.
- What does it imply, say, in the context of a baseball game, if someone has a.700 slugging percentage?
- What is the situation?
- However, I’m not sure what it implies either.
- I understand that a 1000 or above is considered elite, but, like Slugging, I’m having trouble wrapping my brain around the context of why.
- It would be really appreciated if someone could offer some background.

## BREW MATHs – SLASH LINE

Batting Average / On-Base Percentage / Slugging Percentage are all measures of success in baseball. Because the statistics are divided by slashes, it is referred to as a slash line. See? Simple.

#### Formulas to Calcluate Each Component of a SLASH:

- Batting Average (AVG) = H / AB
- On-Base Percentage (OBP) = H + BB + HBP / AB + BB +HBP + SF

- HITSWALKS (BB) are taken into consideration. After around 500 plate appearances, a player’s on-base percentage (OBP) is a good predictor of what their future on-base percentage will be. Prior to 500 PAs, it is difficult to establish a solid foundation.

- SLG and Isolated Power(ISO) are both good measurements of a hitter’s ability to rack up additional bases (i.e., their power)
- But, SLG is more accurate than ISO.

#### Generally speaking, an elite slash looks like this (or higher):

.300 /.400 /.500.300 /.400 /.500 During his time with the Crew, Christian Yelich has put together two of the most impressive seasons in the history of baseball. For more information about his MVP Season, please visit his “soaring” page (2018).

- With slash lines better than.300,.400, and.500, just 5 Brewers have achieved this feat.

- Nilsson 1996:.331 /.407 /.525
- Molitor 1987:.353 /.438 /.566
- Nilsson 1996:.331 /.407 /.525

A few examples include Nilsson 1996, who scored 331 points, 407 points, and 525 points; Molitor 1987, who scored 353, 438 points, and 566 points; and Nilsson 1996, who scored 331 points, 407 points, and 525 points;

## On-base plus slugging – Wikipedia

A player’s on-base plus slugging (OPS) % is derived as the sum of his on-base percentage and slugging percentage, and it is a sabermetric baseball statistic. The ability of a player to get on base as well as hit for power, two crucial offensive qualities, are both illustrated in this illustration.

Among Major League Baseball, a batter with an OPS of.800 or greater is considered to be in the highest tier of hitters. Typically, the league leader in OPS will have a score that is close to, and occasionally even above, 1.000.

## Equation

Where OBP represents on-base percentage and SLG represents slugging average, we have the following equation. These averages have been established. – the numerator “H + BB +HBP” essentially means “number of trips to first base at the very least” – the denominator “AB + BB + SF +HBP” basically means “total plate appearances,” but does not include sacrifice bunts. A hitter is not granted a “AB” despite the fact that he steps to the plate (BB or HBP) or puts the ball into play and is ruled out, but the action allows a run to score (as in the SF scenario) even though he has made a trip to the plate.

andwhere:

- H stands for hits
- BB stands for bases on balls
- HBP stands for times hit by pitch
- AB stands for at bats
- SF stands for sacrifice fly
- TB stands for total bases.

OPS may be expressed as follows in a single equation:

## History

The Hidden Game of Baseball, written by John Thorn and Pete Palmer in 1984, was the first book to make on-base plus slugging popular. The New York Times then began publishing the names of the top performers in this statistic in its weekly “By the Numbers” box, a feature that ran for four years and was widely adopted. Peter Gammons, a baseball journalist, popularized and evangelized the statistic, which was then picked up by other writers and announcers. Its popularity grew over time, and by 2004, it was featured on baseball cards produced by Topps Baseball Cards.

Examples include Thorn’sTotal Baseballencyclopedia and theStrat-O-Matic Computer Baseballgame, both of which contained manufacturing information in their early editions.

The availability of its components, OBP and SLG, as well as the fact that team OPS corresponds highly with the number of runs scored, contributed to the rise in popularity of OPS.

## An OPS scale

Bill James, in his essay titled “The 96 Families of Hitters,” classifies hitters into seven separate groups based on their offensive power:

Category | Classification | OPS range |
---|---|---|

A | Great | .9000 and higher |

B | Very good | .8334 to.8999 |

C | Above average | .7667 to.8333 |

D | Average | .7000 to.7666 |

E | Below average | .6334 to.6999 |

F | Poor | .5667 to.6333 |

G | Very poor | .5666 and lower |

This basically converts the ordinal scale into a seven-point ordinal scale for OPS. It is possible to provide a subjective reference for OPS numbers by substituting quality labels for the A–G categories, such as excellent (A), very good (B), good (C), average (D), fair (E), bad (F), and very poor (G).

## Leaders

With at least 3,000 plate appearances through August 5, 2020, the top 10 Major League Baseball players in terms of lifetime OPS were as follows:

- Babe Ruth has a 1.1636 rating
- Ted Williams has a 1.1155 rating
- Lou Gehrig has a 1.0798 rating
- Barry Bonds has a 1.0512 rating
- Jimmie Foxx has a 1.0376 rating
- Hank Greenberg has a 1.0169 rating
- Rogers Hornsby has a 1.0103 rating
- Mike Trout has a 1.0009 rating
- Manny Ramirez has a 0.9823 rating
- Mark McGwire has a 0.9823

The top four hitters were all left-handed, which was a rarity. Jimmie Foxx has the best career on-base percentage (OPS) of any right-handed batter in baseball history. The following are the best 10 single-season performances in Major League Baseball (all by left-handed hitters):

- 1.4217 for Barry Bonds in 2004
- 1.3807 for Barry Bonds in 2002
- 1.3791 for Babe Ruth in 1920
- 1.3785 for Barry Bonds in 2001
- Babe Ruth in 1921
- Babe Ruth in 1923
- 1.2875 for Ted Williams in 1941
- 1.2778 for Barry Bonds in 2003
- Babe Ruth in 1927
- Ted Williams in 1957
- 1.2582 for Babe Ruth in 1927
- 1.2566 for Ted

During the 1925 season, Rogers Hornsby batted 1.2449, which ranked him 13th on the all-time list of single-season marks for right-handed hitters. For right-handed pitchers since 1935, Mark McGwire’s 1.2224 OPS in 1998 ranks 16th all-time and is the greatest single-season mark for a right-hander.

## Adjusted OPS (OPS+)

OPS+, or modified OPS, is a metric that is closely connected to OPS. OPS+ is an adjusted OPS that takes into account the park and league in which the player played, but does not take into account fielding position. The league average is defined as having an OPS+ of 100 points. An OPS+ of 150 or above is exceptional, and a score of 125 or higher is very good, but an OPS+ of 75 or below is mediocre. OPS+ may be calculated using the following equation:where *lgOBP is the league’s park adjusted OBP (excluding pitchers hitting) and *lgSLG is the league’s park adjusted SLG (excluding pitchers hitting).

Due to the additive nature of the two components of OPS+, for example a player with an OBP and SLG that are both 50 percent over average in both categories will have an OPS+ of 200 (twice the league average OPS+), while having an OPS that is only 50 percent above the league average.

As an approximate (but not accurate) estimate, a player with an OPS+ of 150 generates 50 percent more runs in a given series of plate appearances than a player with an OPS+ of 100 throughout the course of a similar set of plate appearances (though see clarification above, under “History”).

### Leaders in OPS+

Through the completion of the 2019 season, the following players ranked in the top twenty in their respective career OPS+ rankings (minimum 3,000 plate appearances):

- Babe Ruth has 206 hits
- Ted Williams has 190
- Barry Bonds has 182
- Lou Gehrig has 179
- Mike Trout has 176
- Rogers Hornsby has 175
- Mickey Mantle has 172
- Dan Brouthers has 170
- Joe Jackson has 170
- Ty Cobb has 168
- Pete Browning has 163
- Jim Foxx has 163
- Mark McGwire has 163
- Dave Orr has 162
- Stan Musial has 159
- Hank Greenberg

These are the only players on this list who are exclusively right-handed batters: Browning, Hornsby, Foxx, Trout, McGwire, Allen, Mays, and Thomas are the only players on this list who are exclusively right-handed batters. Mantle is the only player in the group who can transition from one position to another. The following were the best single-season performances:

- Barry Bonds has 268 hits in 2002
- Barry Bonds has 263 hits in 2004
- Barry Bonds has 259 hits in 2001
- Fred Dunlap has 258 hits in 1884 *
- Babe Ruth has 256 hits in 1920
- Babe Ruth has 239 hits in 1921
- Babe Ruth has 239 hits in 1923
- Ted Williams has 235 hits in 1941
- Ted Williams has 233 hits in 1957
- Ross Barnes has 231 hits in 1876 **
- Barry Bonds has 231 hits in 2003

* – Fred Dunlap’s remarkable 1884 season took place in the Union Association, which some baseball experts believe is not a legitimate major league in the traditional sense. It is possible that Ross Barnes was helped by a rule that declared a bunt fair if it rolled in fair territory for the first time. When this regulation was lifted, he did not perform nearly as well as he had previously, but injuries may have played a major role in this, since his fielding numbers also fell. If Dunlap’s and Barnes’ seasons were to be removed from the list, two more Ruth seasons (1926 and 1927) would be added to the list.

Barnes, the lone right-handed hitter on the list, would also be eliminated as a result of this.

## Criticism

Despite the fact that it is a straightforward computation, OPS is a contentious statistic. On-base percentage and slugging percentage are both taken into consideration when calculating OPS. On-base %, on the other hand, is a greater predictor of run production. Linear weights are used to construct statistics such as thewOBA, which capitalizes on this distinction. Furthermore, the components of OPS are not always equal (for example, league-average slugging percentages are frequently 75–100 points higher than league-average on-base percentages).

## See also

- For further information, visit the Wayback Machine
- John Thorn and Pete Palmer, “The Hidden Game of Baseball,” on pages 69-70
- Alan Schwarz, “The Numbers Game,” on pages 165-233
- Mr. James and Mr. Bill The 96 Hitter Families have been identified. The Bill James Gold Mine, 2009, p.24
- “Career LeadersRecords for OPS”.Baseball-Reference.com. RetrievedJuly 26,2019
- “Single-Season Records for OPS”.Baseball-Reference.com. RetrievedJuly 26,2019
- “Career LeadersRecords for Adjusted OPS+”.Baseball-Reference.com. RetrievedJuly 26,2019
- “Single- Michael Lewis is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom (203). Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game
- “2019 Major League Baseball Standard Batting”.Baseball-Reference.com

## References

- John Thorn and Pete Palmer are co-authors of this work (1984). Baseball’s “Secret Game” is a little known fact. Schwarz, Alan
- Doubleday & Company, ISBN 0-385-18283-X
- Doubleday & Company, ISBN 0-385-18283-X (2004). The Game of Numbers. Books published by Thomas Dunne Books (ISBN 0-312-32222-4)

## Mendoza Line – Wikipedia

The Mendoza Line is baseball jargon meaning a batting average below.200, which is considered to be the absolute lowest threshold for proficiency at the Major League level. In honor of light-hitting shortstopMario Mendoza, who failed to hit.200 five times in nine seasons in the majors, the phrase was coined in 2011. In baseball, when a position player’s hitting average drops below.200, the player is referred to as being “below the Mendoza Line.” In addition to baseball, the word has moved to other fields such as the corporate world, politics, entertainment, and other sports – such as NFL football, where it inspired the creation of the corollary ” Dalton line “, named after Andy Dalton.

## Origin

Mendoza, a shortstop from Chihuahua, Mexico, was a minor leaguer for three different teams throughout his time in the Major Leagues. While his fielding was excellent, his hitting was poor, with his batting average ranging from.180 to.199 in three of his first four seasons in the major leagues, and a batting average of.180 in the fourth (1974 to 1977). When he struggled to maintain a position above.200 in 1979, his teammates began to chastise him. “. It was utilized to make fun of me by Tom Paciorek and Bruce Bochte “Mendoza made this statement in 2010.

And then Brett reported it to Chris Berman from ESPN, and it went from there and finally became a part of the game itself.” Berman attributes Brett’s role in popularizing the word to his own efforts.

“Mario Mendoza?—it’s all George Brett.” “It was something we utilized all the time in those 1980s SportsCenters.

With slight improvements in 1980 and 1981, he was able to boost his career batting average to.215 despite posting another sub-.200 performance in his last season of 1982, which was the lowest of his career.

## Similar term

When a batter is hitting below the Mendoza Line, he is referred to as being “on the interstate,” which is another term used in baseball to describe his location. It derives from the syntax of the United States’ Interstate Highway System, which begins with the abbreviation “I” for “Interstate,” followed by two numerals for major routes – such as ” I-95 ” and ” I-80 ” – expressions that generally resemble sub-.200 batting averages,” according to the National Baseball Association.

## Use outside of baseball

It is also used outside of baseball to express a similar notion of unacceptable inferior performance: “substandard performance.”

- “The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell below 2 percent in the morning, before rising beyond the Mendoza Line and reaching 2.09 percent by early afternoon.” “An average of less than $2,000 per theater is the Mendoza Line in terms of box office figures.” Republican pollster Neil Newhouse contends that these statistics have fallen below the political ‘Mendoza line,’ as defined by the Republican Party.
- “Vicky Mendoza Diagonal” line, which defines how gorgeous a female must be in order for him to date her based on how “crazy” she is, is explained by Barney in an episode of How I Met Your Mother. Brandon and Steve’s professor says something in an episode of Beverly Hills, 90210 “As a result, if you’ve done the reading, you won’t have to be concerned about falling below the Mendoza Line for a grade of C,” to which a student responds, “Umm, the Mendoza Line? Wasn’t that mentioned in the chapters?”
- Dalton’s play was hailed as “establishing the Dalton Line,” the minimal standard of performance required of a starting quarterback in the National Football League, at the time it occurred. Dalton was then a quarterback for the Cincinnati Bengals.

## References

- Baseball-reference.com has the “Mendoza line,” and Baseball-reference.com has the “Mario Mendoza Stats” (June 26, 2017). “The ‘Dalton Line’ All-Stars: Choosing the most average NFL player to start at each position,” according to the article. According to USA Today. Obtainable on August 23, 2020
- Dave Seminara is a writer who lives in New York City (July 6, 2010). “I’ve been associated with ‘The Mendoza Line’ for the rest of my life.” The St. Louis Post-Dispatch (STLPD)
- “Mario Mendoza” at Baseball-Reference.com
- “Hitting on the Interstate” at Baseball-Reference.com
- Randall Forsyth is a member of the Forsyth family (August 18, 2011). “Fear Pushes the 10-Year Treasury Bonds Below the Mendoza Line.” Barron’s. On September 1, 2011, I was able to get my hands on some information. The Facts – Even horror films are unable to survive the Terrors of October
- Mark mcgrath mcgrath, mcgrath, mcgrath, mcgrath (June 13, 2007). “The Republican Party is abandoning Bush.” NBC News is a television news network. On September 1, 2011, I was able to get my hands on some information. John Lasser is the author of this work (October 22, 2007). “‘How I Met Your Mother’: When the line is crossed.” Zap2It. The original version of this article was published on March 1, 2014. Obtainable on February 23, 2014

## Further reading

- Al Pepper’s etymology (2002). Mendoza’s Heroes: Fifty Batters Below.200. Pocol Press.ISBN978-1929763115
- Dickson, Paul. Mendoza’s Heroes: Fifty Batters Below.200 (1999). The New Dickson Baseball Dictionary is a comprehensive resource for baseball fans. Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, ISBN: 978-0151003808
- ISBN: 978-0151003808

## What Does Slash Line Mean In Baseball? 10 Responses For (2022), «Sport-Topics FAQ»

- The following statistics are shown in the video: batting average, on-base percentage, slugging percentage, and ops+. The finest solutions to the topic «What does the slash line in baseball mean?» are listed below. FAQ. In addition to the query «What does slash line signify in baseball?», those searching for an answer to the question frequently ask the following questions: How to play strat-o-matic baseball in a video answer
- 9 other answers
- Your solution
- 28 related questions

Answer in video: batting average, on-base percentage, slugging percentage, and on-base plus slugging %

## Top best answers to the question «What does slash line mean in baseball»

Joaquin White responded to your question on Saturday, June 5, 2021 at 10:28 a.m.

- A player’s batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage are all represented by a slash line, which is a colloquial word used to describe these statistics. The terms slash line and slash line line are frequently used in baseball media to refer to those three numbers together, with forward slashes denoting the separation between them

FAQ In baseball, those who are seeking for an answer to the query «What does the slash line in baseball mean?» The following questions are frequently asked:

### ❓ What does a slash line mean in baseball?

In baseball, what exactly is a “Slash Line”? AVG. This is the simplest of the three. You simply divide the total number of hits a player has achieved (H) by the number of players in the game. OBP. This one becomes a little more difficult, but not much so. This time, we’ll be incorporating walks (BB, which simply means “walking”). SLG. We’ve finally arrived.

- What does a slash line imply in baseball
- What does slash mean on baseball cards
- What does slash mean on a baseball field
- What does slash mean in baseball

### ❓ What does slash line mean in baseball jerseys?

Definition of a Slash Line. A player’s batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage are all represented by a slash line, which is a colloquial phrase for the three statistics. In baseball media, the three statistics are frequently mentioned together with forward slashes separating them; this is where the phrase “slash line” originates from.

- What does the slash symbol imply on baseball uniforms
- What does the slash symbol mean in baseball jargon
- What exactly is a slash line in baseball?

### ❓ What does slash line mean in baseball terms?

When it comes to baseball jerseys, what does a slash represent; when it comes to baseball terminology, what does a slash represent What is a slash line in baseball, and how does it work?

- Is it possible to tell what a baseball player’s slash line is? In baseball, what exactly is a “slash line”? What is the definition of a slash line in baseball?

The rules of baseball, as demonstrated in the video a total of 9 further responses Rafaela Jacobi responded on Tue, Jun 1, 2021 4:15 AMDefinition to your question. A player’s batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage are all represented by a slash line, which is a colloquial phrase for the three statistics. In baseball media, the three statistics are frequently mentioned together with forward slashes separating them; this is where the phrase “slash line” originates from. Answered by Maurine Denesik at 3:08 p.m.

- What Is the Definition of a Slash Line in Baseball?
- This word is used to define the most important batting statistics that have been gathered for a particular player.
- Sylvester Emard responded to your question on Wednesday, June 2, 2021 at 7:48 AMA.
- It’s for the sake of it.
- It took the place of the previous Triple Crown stat in the 1990s because it more accurately depicts a player’s offensive contributions than the prior Triple Crown stat.
- With example, R.J.
- Bonita Crona responded to your question on Thursday, June 3, 2021 at 6:30 p.m.
- Because it isn’t as frequent on television, I only recently become aware of it.
- Average/On-Base Percentage/Slugging Percentage are the percentages to consider.
- The Triple-Slash Line provides a rapid snapshot of a player’s batting performance and type, taking into account not just their strikeout rate, but also how often they get on base, as well as whether or not they have extra base hits or home runs.

Response from Katlynn Graham on Friday, June 4, 2021 at 1:39 AMAVG/OBP/SLG – also known as The “Slash” Line is as follows: There are other commonly stated batting statistics, but these three statistics, which are made up of Batting Average (AVG), On-Base Percentage (OBP), and Slugging Percentage (SLG), are the most frequently heard (SLG).

- Adelle Runte responded to your question on Friday, June 4, 2021 at 9:50 a.m.
- Since being moved, he has a slash line of.263/.344/.427, which is excellent.
- on Friday, June 4, 2021 line of slashing Consider the following: a depiction of numerous baseball statistics separated by the letter slash.
- The.
- slicing wrong When a fly ball or line drive starts out in fair area and subsequently bends towards foul territory as a result of the aerodynamic force created by the ball spinning and transmitted by the bat, this is known as a curve ball or line drive.

It is the case that a slice bends away from the batter (eg, it curves to the left for a left-handed hitter and to the right for a righthanded batter).

- Don Bragg Sports Complex, Don Leyo Sport Bar, herbies hockey drill, a 500 kilogram sports automobile, dingers batting cages, and how to shrink hockey gloves are all discussed. Sports and studies are both equally important, according to Kyle TX and De ware Tijd Sport. A rod bat gs25, which sport uses the lightest ball, John Henry Smith Wvit and SportsareFree Kodi, a 450 kg hockey puck, how to shorten a baseball swing, baseball legend melvin thomas crossword clue, and more are all included. Pegasus faggio sport
- Barna bellack cup
- Yugioh 5ds ar codes
- European mountain running championships zermatt
- How to pronounce ellesse brand
- Bangalore blues challenge cup
- Baseball boy online
- Gta faggio sport
- A 1000 kg sports car accelerates
- Can chiropractors perform sports physicals in California
- Atpi sports events canada

We’ve compiled a list of 28 questions that are similar to «What does the slash line imply in baseball?» so you can be sure to find the answer on this page! What is a slash line in baseball and what is it in basketball? Definition of a Slash Line. A player’s batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage are all represented by a slash line, which is a colloquial phrase for the three statistics. In baseball media, the three statistics are frequently mentioned together with forward slashes separating them; this is where the phrase “slash line” originates from.

- Definition of a Slash Line.
- In baseball media, the three statistics are frequently mentioned together with forward slashes separating them; this is where the phrase “slash line” originates from.
- A player’s batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage are all represented by a slash line, which is a colloquial phrase for the three statistics.
- A player’s batting average is displayed first, followed by his on-base percentage and slugging percentage, and finally his slugging percentage.
- Definition of a Slash Line.
- In baseball media, the three statistics are frequently mentioned together with forward slashes separating them; this is where the phrase “slash line” originates from.
- As previously stated, the MLB odds line is the league’s equivalent of a football spread in terms of online gambling.
- Let’s take a look at some sample game lines for the Miami Marlins vs the Chicago Cubs in baseball.

### Video answer: How to play strat-o-matic baseball

In baseball, what does the term “line” mean? What Is the Run Line in Baseball Betting? What Is the Run Line in Baseball Betting? In baseball, the run line is the equivalent of the point spread, and it allows a bettor to wager on whether the favorite will win the underdog by more than a run or if the underdog will keep the game within a single run of the favorite. Almost typically, the run line is between -1.5 and +1.5. What exactly does the term “slashing line” mean in baseball? Definition. A player’s batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage are all represented by a slash line, which is a colloquial phrase for the three statistics.

In baseball media, the three statistics are frequently mentioned together with forward slashes separating them; this is where the phrase “slash line” originates from. A slash line is provided in the order in which a player’s batting average is presented.

### Video answer: Make the switch! pinpoint pitching tutorial and tips…

What does the phrase “baseball line of” imply? In baseball, the run line is the equivalent of the point spread, and it allows a bettor to wager on whether the favorite will win the underdog by more than a run or if the underdog will keep the game within a single run of the favorite. Almost typically, the run line is between -1.5 and +1.5. What does it mean to be a line out in baseball? Line out can refer to any of the following: A line out (signal) is an analog electrical signal used to connect audio equipment to one another.

Lineout (baseball), a sort of play in which a player catches a line drive, is defined as follows: What does it mean to be on a baseball pitching line?

What Is the Run Line in Baseball Betting?

Almost typically, the run line is between -1.5 and +1.5.

### Video answer: (eng sub) 누구에게나 자기만의 야구가 있다

What exactly does the term “money line” in baseball mean?

- In baseball, a money line replaces the point spread in the betting. Money line betting is a kind of gambling in which bets are placed on a sporting event based on a specific price rather than on a point spread. As a result, the team on which you will be wagering must win the game in its entirety.

What does the term “money line” in baseball mean? There is no standard point spread set for a baseball game, which makes baseball wagering a unique proposition. As a result, bookmakers place a strong emphasis on run totals, the run line, and, most importantly, the money line (ML). When you place a bet on the ML, you are making a prediction on who you believe will win the competition outright. Is it important to know what the run line means in baseball? In baseball, the run line is the equivalent of the point spread, and it allows a bettor to wager on whether the favorite will win the underdog by more than a run or if the underdog will keep the game within a single run of the favorite.

What is the significance of the line in baseball?

As a result, bookmakers place a strong emphasis on run totals, the run line, and, most importantly, the money line (ML).

In baseball, what exactly is a slash line and how does it work?

- What Is The Definition Of A Slash Line In Baseball? What Is The Definition Of A Slash Line In Baseball? 1. This word is used to define the most important batting statistics that have been gathered for a particular player. The triple slash line is a combination of three statistics: batting average, on-base percentage, and slugging percentage
- It is commonly used to evaluate pitchers.

What does a baseball betting line signify in terms of odds?

- Bets on betting lines are placed by bookmakers when they determine the winning margin or line for an individual team to win a game. Because of this, both teams are on an even playing field, and this sort of betting is only accessible when two teams are playing against each other. Is There a Meaning to MoneylineMeaninBaseballBetting

So, what exactly does “activity” imply on a baseball field? What Is the Run Line in Baseball Betting? What Is the Run Line in Baseball Betting? In baseball, the run line is the equivalent of the point spread, and it allows a bettor to wager on whether the favorite will win the underdog by more than a run or if the underdog will keep the game within a single run of the favorite. Almost typically, the run line is between -1.5 and +1.5. What does the betting line imply in baseball, and how do I read it?

Instead of using a point spread, oddsmakers choose to use a moneyline that favors the favored by placing higher odds on the favorite.

As an illustration, consider the following set of stats from a regular baseball game. Houston Astros vs. Texas Rangers (-150) The Oakland A’s have a plus-130 run differential. The Rangers are expected to come out on top.

### Video answer: Baseball coaching signs and signals

What exactly does the line signify when it comes to baseball betting? In baseball, the run line is the equivalent of the point spread, and it allows a bettor to wager on whether the favorite will win the underdog by more than a run or if the underdog will keep the game within a single run of the favorite. Almost typically, the run line is between -1.5 and +1.5. What does a baseball team’s line signify in terms of meaning? When it comes to the run line, you’re putting your money on a team’s margin of victory (or defeat).

What Is the Run Line in Baseball Betting?

Almost typically, the run line is between -1.5 and +1.5.

If you place an over/under bet, you must determine whether the game will end with more runs than the number of runs specified by the sportsbook.

What Is the Run Line in Baseball Betting?

What does drawing a line in the sand imply in the context of baseball, exactly?

If you don’t engage in physical contact (e.g., spitting), there are two methods to cause a home plate umpire to dismiss you from a baseball game swiftly.

What exactly does the term “line” mean in the context of baseball betting?

What Is the Run Line in Baseball Betting?

Almost typically, the run line is between -1.5 and +1.5.

What does the term “shift mean hockey line” mean?

Defensemen often play longer minutes and are more involved in the course of a hockey game since they are limited to three pairings of two players on the roster, whereas forwards are allowed to field four lines of three players.