Perfect game (baseball) – Wikipedia
In Major League Baseball, a perfect game is defined as a game in which a pitcher (or combination of pitchers) throws nine innings without allowing a hitter from the opposing side to reach any base at all. The perfect game is one in which no opposing player is allowed to reach base by any means, including nohits, walks, hit batsmen, uncaught third strikes, catcher’s interference, fielder’s interference, or fielding errors; in other words, “27 up, 27 down” is the goal (for a nine-inning game). The feat has been accomplished 23 times in Major League Baseball history – 21 times since the beginning of the modern era in 1901 – with the most recent accomplishment occurring on August 15, 2012, by Felix Hernández of the Seattle Mariners.
Until a regulation change in 2020, a perfect game was also required to be a victory and a shutout in order to be considered such.
If a team has no baserunners in the ninth inning of a game that lasts less than nine innings, regardless of whether the game was shortened due to weather or because it was part of a doubleheader (which are now seven innings due to another 2020 rule change), the game does not qualify as a perfect game.
Although the phrase “perfect game” was originally used in 1908, it wasn’t until 1992 that it received its present definition.
TheNippon Professional Baseballchampionship series in 2007 finished with a joint perfect game.
The word “perfect game” first appeared in literature in 1908, according to the first documented occurrence. It was described as “an absolutely perfect game” by I. E. Sanborn in his report for the Chicago Tribune about Addie Joss’s performance against the White Sox: “an absolutely perfect game in which there were no runs, no hits, and no opponent reaching first base by hook or crook by way of hit, walk or error in nine innings.” Several sources suggest that the term “perfect game” was first used in connection to Charlie Robertson’s 1922 perfect game by Ernest J.
Lanigan in hisBaseball Cyclopedia, which was published in 1922.
Larsen happened to be in attendance when Yankee pitcher David Conet pitched a perfect game in 1999 on the same day that Larsen and Yogi Berra (the catcher in the 1956 perfect game) were asked to throw out the ceremonial first pitch at the World Series.
A perfect game in Major League Baseball was recently achieved by Felix Hernández of the Seattle Mariners against the Tampa Bay Rays. The 15th of August, 2012. He struck out the side twice and finished with a total of twelve strikeouts in the 1–0 victory.
Rule definition by MLB
As of 2021, the Major League Baseball will be renamed the National League Baseball. The decision by the Major League Baseball Committee for Statistical Accuracy on September 4, 1991, to define ano-hitter as a game in which the pitcher or pitchers on one team throw a complete game of nine innings or more without surrendering a hit is largely responsible for the definition of a perfect game. Several games that had previously appeared in the record books were erased as a result of this decision, including those that lasted less than nine innings and those in which a team went hitless in regulation but then got a hit in extra innings.
- Haddix’s performance is no longer recognized as such as a consequence of the 1991 redefinition.
- Due to this regulation, it is possible for a team to score a run (by hitting in the free baserunner on a sacrifice fly, for example) without any players ever making it all the way to second base.
- The run would be recorded as unearned if it was scored.
- Another regulation change that will take effect in 2020 states that games that are played as part of a doubleheader will only be seven innings in length.
- However, if a doubleheader game were to go into at least two extra innings and one side still failed to reach first base, the game would be deemed a perfect game and the team would be awarded the victory.
In other leagues
Hope Trautweint, a softball pitcher for the University of North Texas, had a perfect game on April 11, 2021, facing 21 hitters and striking out all 21 of them. It was the first seven-inning perfect game in NCAA Division I history in which every out was recorded by a strikeout. In 1957, Angel Macas of the Monterrey, Mexico, squad threw the only perfect game in the history of the Little League World Series Championship Series.
- Armando Galarraga’s nearly flawless performance
- The eight-ender in curling, the golden set in tennis, the maximum break in snooker, and the nine-dart finish in darts are all examples of eight-enders. In bowling, you have a perfect game
- Madden, William (September 12, 2008). “Don Larsen’s Perfect Game is Yogi Berra’s favorite stadium moment,” according to the New York Times. The New York Times (Daily News). MLB Advanced Media (2019). “MLB Official Info”. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved February 5, 2010. “MLB Miscellany: Rules, Regulations, and Statistics,” which was retrieved on July 14, 2019, was also retrieved. Major League Baseball is a professional baseball league in the United States. Major League Baseball’s “History of No-Hitters” was published on August 20, 2007, and can be found here. Deutsch and colleagues (1975), p. 68, were able to be retrieved on August 22, 2007. This source also has a piece from the New York Herald dated 1880, which describes Lee Richmond’s perfect game for the Worcestershires. An error by Cleveland resulted in the lone run scoring, and the writer characterized it as “the only lapse from perfect play made by the Clevelands during the game”
- The writer’s use of the word “perfect” in this context refers only to defensive play, which is a different meaning than the word “perfect” in modern baseball, as Cleveland’s pitcher also surrendered three hits and a walk in the game. See, for example, Deutsch et al. (1975), page 14. The Ward perfect game of 1880 and the Young perfect game of 1904 are both described as “wonderful” and other effusive terms, but neither is referred to as a “perfect game”
- Buckley (2002), p. 16, citing Paul Dickson, The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (1989)
- Coffey (2004), p. 50. Buckley (2002), p. 16, citing Paul Dickson, The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (1989). TheBaseball Cyclopediareference was included in a supplement to the 1922 edition of the book (which was published by Baseball Magazine) and was written as follows: “Charles Robertson of the Chicago Americans pitched an absolutely perfect no-hit game against the Detroit Tigers on April 30, 1922, with no one reaching first base.” As of that moment, there had been a total of five perfect games, including Robertson’s. The newspaper used the word “perfect game” casually, which may have indicated that the term was already well-known to the audience. While Lanigan’s work makes use of a 1914 book titledBalldomas a source for his list of perfect games,Balldomitself does not use the phrase “perfect game,” instead describing the games as “no batter reached first base,” which is a more accurate description. Lanigan was obviously aware with Sanborn’s baseball writings, as seen by his numerous allusions to him throughout the Cyclopedia, however there is no evidence that Sanborn was the inspiration for Lanigan’s usage of the word
- In Buckley (2002), p. 15
- In “David Cone Perfect Game Box Score by Baseball Almanac”, Baseball-almanac.com, 1999-07-18
- In “Dennis Martinez Perfect Game Box Score by Baseball Almanac”, Baseball-almanac.com, 1999-07-18
- In “Len Barker Perfect Game Box Score by Baseball Almanac”, Baseball-almanac.com, 1999-07-18
- In “Félix Hernández Perfect Game Box (April 11, 2021). The article states that “North Texas softball pitcher Hope Trautwein strikes out all 21 batters in the perfect game.” ESPN
- s^ Jim Morrison is a member of the Morrison family (April 5, 2010). “The only perfect game in the history of the Little League World Series.” Smithsonian.com. Obtainable on September 28, 2015
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- (2002). Perfect: The Inside Story of Baseball’s Seventeen Perfect Games (Triumph Books).ISBN1-57243-454-6
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- Hanlon, John (1968). “First Perfect Game in the Major Leagues,” Sports Illustrated (August 26
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- James, Bill. “Pitching Perfection Is in the Eye of the Beholder,” Baseball Digest (June
- Available online). The Revised Edition of The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract (Simon and Schuster, 2003). The ISBN number is 0-7432-2722-0, and the author is Kostya Kennedy (1996). The Sports Illustrated article “His Memory Is Perfect” (October 14
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- (1989). Jim Reisler’s Baseball Anecdotes (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-504396-0)
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- Robbins, Mike, The Best Game Ever: Pirates vs. Yankees, October 13, 1960, ISBN0-7867-1943-5 (2004). Close Calls with Baseball Immortality: Ninety-Feet from Baseball Infamy (New York: CarrollGraf). Schneider, Russell (ISBN 0-7867-1335-6)
- ISBN 0-7867-1335-6 (2005). Sports Publishing LLC (Champaign, Illinois), ISBN 1-58261-840-2
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- (2004). ISBN 1-57488-860-9
- Deadball Stars of the National League (Brassey’s).ISBN 1-57488-860-9
- Sullivan, Dean, ed. Deadball Stars of the National League (2002). Late Innings: A Documentary History of Baseball, 1945–1972 (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 0-8032-9285-6)
- Thielman, Jim (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 0-8032-9285-6). (2005). Cool of the Evening: The 1965 Minnesota Twins (Minneapolis, Minn.: Kirk House Publishers, ISBN 1886513716)
- Vass, George. Cool of the Evening: The 1965 Minnesota Twins (1998). The article “Here Are the 13 Most Fascinating No-Hitters,” published in Baseball Digest (June), is written by George Vass (2002). In “Baseball Digest” (August
- Accessible online), Vass, George discusses the “Seven Most Improbable No-Hitters” (2007). “One Out Away from Fame: The Final Out in Hitless Games Has Often Proved to Be a Pitcher’s Toughest Conquest,”Baseball Digest (June
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- Games that are just right There are links to box scores for both official and unauthorized games on the Baseball Almanac website. Pitchers who have retired at least 27 consecutive hitters over the course of two or more games are eligible. Keith Woolner’s essay in Baseball Prospectus on “secret” perfect games (as well as the follow-up) is worth reading. Rare Abilities: Games that are just right MLB.com provides links to archival video and audio snippets
How many perfect games have been thrown in MLB history?
In Major League Baseball history, how many perfect games have been thrown? Pitchers have thrown a total of 23 perfect games since the beginning of the 1880 season through the end of the 2021 season. After three pitchers carved their names in the Major League Baseball record books with perfect games during the 2012 season, however, the accomplishment hasn’t been repeated since.
6 things you may not know about the 23 perfect games that have been thrown in MLB history
On June 12, 1880, Lee Richmond pitched the first perfect game in Major League Baseball history, guiding the Worcester Ruby Legs to a 1-0 victory over the Cleveland Blues.
Five days later, Monte Ward would pitch a perfect game in the Providence Grays’ 5-0 victory over the Buffalo Bisons, the first perfect game in franchise history.
Cy Young is one of the pitchers in MLB history to throw a perfect game
It was on May 5, 1904, when Cy Young of the Boston Pilgrims pitched the perfect game against the Philadelphia Athletics, earning him the honor of being named after him as the game’s most prized pitcher. It was one of Young’s 511 victories, which included 76 shutouts, on his route to a 2.63 earned run average for his career.
Has anyone ever thrown a perfect game in the World Series?
Don Larsen of the New York Yankees pitched a perfect game against the Brooklyn Dodgers on October 8, 1956, in Game 5 of the World Series at Yankee Stadium. Larsen was the only pitcher in MLB history to accomplish this feat. The right-hander needed only 97 pitches to earn the historic victory. Here’s what Vin Scully had to say about the final out.
A Sandy Koufax perfect game highlights a pitching duel between the Los Angeles Dodgers and Chicago Cubs
Sandy Koufax of the Los Angeles Dodgers pitched a perfect game in a 1-0 victory over the Chicago Cubs at Dodger Stadium in a game that took only one hour and 43 minutes to finish. The opposition pitcher, Chicago’s Bob Hendley, only surrendered one hit and one run, but he was nevertheless charged with the loss after Los Angeles scored an unearned run in the bottom of the fifth inning on an error. There were no further hits in the game until Lou Johnson’s two-out double in the seventh inning. Hendley would only strike out three Dodgers during his career, but Koufax would strike out 14.
Who has the most strikeouts in a perfect game?
As previously said, Koufax threw a complete game with 14 strikeouts. When the San Francisco Giants defeated the Houston Astros 10-0 in San Francisco on June 13, 2012, Matt Cain of the Giants also struck out 14 batters in his perfect game performance.
Randy Johnson is the oldest pitcher to throw a perfect game in MLB history
On May 18, 2004, a 40-year-old man was shot and killed. As the Arizona Diamondbacks defeated the Atlanta Braves 2-0 at Turner Field, Randy Johnson became the oldest pitcher in baseball history to throw a perfect game. The game was played in front of a crowd of 23,381 people. Chipper Jones was among the 13 batters who were struck out by Johnson throughout the course of his three at-bats.
MLB history: Which teams have thrown the most perfect games?
Only 23 perfect games have been thrown in the history of Major League Baseball, dating back to the beginning of the 1880 regular season. A perfect game is defined as a full game pitched in which no runner reaches base as a result of a hit, walk, or error by the pitcher. It is one of the most difficult feats in all of Major League Baseball, and it is one of the reasons why a perfect game hasn’t been recorded since the 2012 regular season. While it is unusual, several franchises have experienced it on more than one occasion during their existence.
The Chicago White Sox and New York Yankees have each thrown three perfect games, the most in MLB history
Begin with the Yankees, who have the distinction of being the only team to pitch a perfect game while competing in the World Series in the last 30 years. Don Larsen’s game-winning home run in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series will go down in baseball history as well as World Series mythology for generations to come. More information regarding Larsen’s perfect game, which was tossed on October 8, 1956, can be found here. In less than 42 years, another Yankees pitcher would throw a perfect game, which would be the first in franchise history.
David Cone would go down in history the following season when he threw the first-ever perfect game in interleague play, handcuffing the Montreal Expos in a 6-0 victory over the Toronto Blue Jays on July 18, 1999, to becoming the first pitcher to do it.
A brief history of perfect games thrown by the Chicago White Sox
The first-ever perfect game by a White Sox pitcher occurred on April 30, 1922, when Charlie Robertson threw a 2-0 victory over the Detroit Tigers in his third start of his eight-year Major League Baseball career. Since 1908, Robertson’s perfect game had been the first in Major League Baseball, and it would remain the last until Larsen’s perfect game in the 1956 World Series. Another perfect game would not be thrown by a White Sox pitcher until the twenty-first century, though. The perfect game was achieved by Mark Buehrle on July 23, 2009, in a 5-0 victory over the Tampa Bay Rays (a club that occupies a special place in the history of Major League Baseball).
It would be the first of three perfect games that would be pitched during the 2012 season.
A perfect game is a no-hitter in which no player is allowed to reach base on a hit, a walk, or an error. There have been 314 sanctioned no-hitters in major professional baseball history, with 23 of those being perfect games. The “perfecto” is one of baseball’s most elusive accomplishments. Perfect games have never been achieved by the same pitcher twice, and less than half of the current organizations have managed even a single one in their histories. In the history of baseball, fourteen teams have been on the wrong end of a perfect game, but the Tampa Bay Rays were the unfortunate victims of three perfect games in a four-season span in the early 1990s (2009-2012).
|Worcester Ruby Legs (NL)|
|Saturday, June 12, 1880Worcester Ruby Legs 1, Cleveland Blues 0Worcester Driving Park Grounds (Worcester)|
|2||John Montgomery Ward|
|Providence Grays (NL)|
|Thursday, June 17, 1880Providence Grays 5, Buffalo Bisons 0Messer Street Grounds (Providence)|
|Boston Americans (AL)|
|Thursday, May 5, 1904Boston Americans 3, Philadelphia Athletics 0Huntington Avenue Grounds (Boston)(His second of three no-hitters)|
|Cleveland Naps (AL)|
|Friday, October 2, 1908Cleveland Naps 1, Chicago White Sox 0League Park (Cleveland)(His first of two no-hitters)|
|Chicago White Sox (AL)|
|Sunday, April 30, 1922Chicago White Sox 2, Detroit Tigers 0Navin Field (Detroit)|
|New York Yankees (WS Game 5)|
|Monday, October 8, 1956New York Yankees 2, Brooklyn Dodgers 0Yankee Stadium (New York)(Larsen threw his perfect game in Game 5 of 1956 World Series)|
|Philadelphia Phillies (NL)|
|Sunday, June 21, 1964 (First game of doubleheader)Philadelphia Phillies 6, New York Mets 0Shea Stadium (Flushing)(Bunning’s second of two no-hitters; it ended a 58-year, 1-month, 18-day no-hitter drought for the Phillies, still the longest team drought for any franchise.)|
|Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)|
|Thursday, September 9, 1965Los Angeles Dodgers 1, Chicago Cubs 0Dodger Stadium (Los Angeles)(Koufax’s fourth of four no-hitters setting a new major league record and breaking the previous mark of three shared between him, Larry Corcoran, Cy Young and Bob Feller. The record would be tied by Nolan Ryan in 1975 and broken in 1981.)|
|9||Jim “Catfish” Hunter|
|Oakland Athletics (AL)|
|Wednesday, May 8, 1968Oakland Athletics 4, Minnesota Twins 0Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum (Oakland)|
|Cleveland Indians (AL)|
|Friday, May 15, 1981Cleveland Indians 3, Toronto Blue Jays 0Cleveland Stadium (Cleveland)|
|California Angels (AL)|
|Sunday, September 30, 1984California Angels 1, Texas Rangers 0Arlington Stadium (Texas)(Pitched on final game of season.)|
|Cincinnati Reds (NL)|
|Friday, September 16, 1988Cincinnati Reds 1, Los Angeles Dodgers 0Riverfront Stadium (Cincinnati)|
|Montreal Expos (NL)|
|Sunday, July 28, 1991Montreal Expos 2, Los Angeles Dodgers 0Dodger Stadium (Los Angeles)|
|Texas Rangers (AL)|
|Thursday, July 28, 1994Texas Rangers 4, California Angels 0The Ballpark at Arlington (Texas)|
|New York Yankees (AL)|
|Sunday, May 17, 1998New York Yankees 4, Minnesota Twins 0Yankee Stadium (New York)|
|New York Yankees (AL team in IL game)|
|Sunday, July 18, 1999New York Yankees 6, Montreal Expos 0Yankee Stadium (New York)|
|Arizona Diamondbacks (NL)|
|Tuesday, May 18, 2004Arizona Diamondbacks 2, Atlanta Braves 0Turner Field (Atlanta)(Johnson’s second of two no-hitters; Johnson at age 40 becomes the oldest pitcher in major league history to hurl a perfect game. It’s the Diamondbacks’ first no-hitter.)|
|Chicago White Sox (AL)|
|Thursday, July 23, 2009Chicago White Sox 5, Tampa Bay Rays 0U.S. Cellular Field (Chicago)(Buehrle’s second no-no, and the third time he’s faced the minimum 27 batters.)|
|Oakland Athletics (AL)|
|Sunday, May 9, 2010Oakland Athletics 4, Tampa Bay Rays 0Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum (Oakland)|
|Philadelphia Phillies (NL)|
|Saturday, May 29, 2010Philadelphia Phillies 1, Florida Marlins 0Sun Life Stadium (Miami)(His first of two no-hitters)|
|Detroit Tigers (AL)|
|Wednesday, June 2, 2010Detroit Tigers 3, Cleveland Indians 0Comerica Park (Detroit)(We’re including a ghost version of this listing as it should have been perfect game if not for a blown call on the 27th batter.)|
|Chicago White Sox (AL)|
|Saturday, April 21, 2012Chicago White Sox 4, Seattle Mariners 0Safeco Field (Seattle)|
|San Francisco Giants (NL)|
|Wednesday, June 13, 2012San Francisco Giants 10, Houston Astros 0AT T Park (San Francisco)|
|Seattle Mariners (AL)|
|Wednesday, August 15, 2012Seattle Mariners 1, Tampa Bay Rays 0Safeco Field (Seattle)|
Perfect games thrown by franchise
(The other historical team names of a franchise are shown in parentheses.)
- There are three Chicago White Sox, three New York Yankees (New York Highlanders), two Cleveland Guardians (Cleveland Bluebirds/Cleveland Naps/Cleveland Indians), two Philadelphia Phillies (Philadelphia Quakers), two Oakland Athletics (Kansas City Athletics/Philadelphia Athletics, not the AA team), one Boston Red Sox (Boston Americans/Boston Pilgrims), one Los Angeles Dodgers (Brooklyn
(The other historical team names of a franchise are shown in parentheses.)
- 1 Chicago White Sox
- 1 Detroit Tigers
- 1 New York Mets
- 1 Chicago Cubs
- 1 Toronto Blue Jays
- 1 Texas Rangers (Washington Senators)
- 1 Los Angeles Angels (Anaheim Angels, California Angels)
- 1 Washington Nationals (Montreal Exterminators)
- 1 Los Angeles Nationals (Montreal Exterminators)
- 1 Washington Nationals (Montreal Exterminators). 2 Minnesota Twin
When a perfect game is thrown, no runner is allowed to reach second base, whether it be by a single or a base-on-balls situation. It is one of the most difficult achievements in baseball, and it belongs to a subgroup of no-hitters. Lee Richmond threw the first major league perfect game in 1880, and it was against the Boston Red Sox. John Ward threw the second one only five days after the first. It took over a quarter of a century before a third one occurred, despite the fact that there were two or even three leagues at various points throughout that period.
- In addition, two pitchers (Harvey Haddix and Pedro Martinez) have combined to toss nine perfect innings, only to have their perfect game shattered in the extra frames.
- In the history of Japanese professional baseball, a perfect game has been pitched sixteen times, with one of those coming in the postseason.
- In the history of the Cuban Serie Nacional, there has only been one perfect game.
- Pitching a perfect game in Major League Baseball was most recently accomplished by Felix Hernandezof theSeattle Marinersagainst theTampa Bay Rayson July 1, 2018.
- This was the third perfecto of the year 2012, following the performances of Matt Cain and Michael Jordan.
- The perfect game was pitched at Safeco Field for the second time in 2012 (the third no-hitter), marking the first occasion in the history of the game that two perfect games were thrown in the same ballpark in the same season.
He is the only catcher to have been behind the plate for two perfect games, both by Len Barker in 1981 and by Dennis Martinez in 1991.
|Lee Richmond||June 12,1880||Worcester Ruby Legs||Cleveland Blues||1 – 0||First perfect game in Major League history|
|Monte Ward||June 17,1880||Providence Grays||Buffalo Bisons||5 – 0|
|Cy Young||May 5,1904||Boston Pilgrims||Philadelphia Athletics||3 – 0|
|Addie Joss||October 2,1908||Cleveland Naps||Chicago White Sox||1 – 0|
|Charlie Robertson||April 30,1922||Chicago White Sox||Detroit Tigers||2 – 0||Robertson’s third start of his Major League career|
|Don Larsen||October 8,1956||New York Yankees||Brooklyn Dodgers||2 – 0||Game Five of the1956 World Series|
|Jim Bunning||June 21,1964(first game)||Philadelphia Phillies||New York Mets||6 – 0||First perfect game in NL in 20th century|
|Sandy Koufax||September 9,1965||Los Angeles Dodgers||Chicago Cubs||1 – 0||Cubs’ pitcherBob Hendleypitches one-hitter in loss to Koufax;Koufax strikes out 14 batters|
|Catfish Hunter||May 8,1968||Oakland Athletics||Minnesota Twins||4 – 0||Hunter drives in three runs with three hits|
|Len Barker||May 15,1981||Cleveland Indians||Toronto Blue Jays||3 – 0||First perfect game to have designated hitters in teams’ lineups|
|Mike Witt||September 30,1984||California Angels||Texas Rangers||1 – 0||Pitched on final day of1984regular season|
|Tom Browning||September 16,1988||Cincinnati Reds||Los Angeles Dodgers||1 – 0||First perfect game against eventual World Series champion|
|Dennis Martinez||July 28,1991||Montreal Expos||Los Angeles Dodgers||2 – 0||Martinez is first non-USA-born pitcher to pitch perfect game.Dodger Stadiumbecome first ballpark to host two perfect games.|
|Kenny Rogers||July 28,1994||Texas Rangers||California Angels||4 – 0||Rangers and Angels become first pair of Major League teams tohave perfect games pitched for them against each other|
|David Wells||May 17,1998||New York Yankees||Minnesota Twins||4 – 0|
|David Cone||July 18,1999||New York Yankees||Montreal Expos||6 – 0||First perfect game in regular season interleague play|
|Randy Johnson||May 18,2004||Arizona Diamondbacks||Atlanta Braves||2 – 0||40-year-old Johnson becomes oldest pitcher to pitch perfect game|
|Mark Buehrle||July 23,2009||Chicago White Sox||Tampa Bay Rays||5 – 0||Sox outfielderDewayne Wisemakes catch reaching over the wallin 9th inning to save Buehrle’s gem|
|Dallas Braden||May 9,2010||Oakland Athletics||Tampa Bay Rays||4 – 0|
|Roy Halladay||May 29,2010||Philadelphia Phillies||Florida Marlins||1 – 0||Halladay joins Braden as the first pair to pitch perfect gamesin the same season since Richmond and Ward 130 years earlier|
|Philip Humber||April 21,2012||Chicago White Sox||Seattle Mariners||4 – 0|
|Matt Cain||June 13,2012||San Francisco Giants||Houston Astros||10 – 0||Ties Koufax for most strikeouts in a perfect game with 14;second time in three years that two perfect gamesare thrown in the same season.|
|Felix Hernandez||August 15,2012||Seattle Mariners||Tampa Bay Rays||1 – 0||First time that three perfect games are thrown in the same season;first time that two perfect games are pitchedin the same stadium in the same year.|
Minor League Baseball
SeeMinor League Perfect Games for more information.
Nippon Professional Baseball
|Hideo Fujimoto||June 28,1950||Yomiuri Giants||Nishi-Nippon Pirates||Aomori Stadium||4 – 0||7|
|Fumio Takechi||June 19,1955||Kintetsu Pearls||Daiei Stars||Osaka Stadium||1 – 0||6|
|Yoshitomo Miyaji||September 19,1956||Kokutetsu Swallows||Hiroshima Carp||Kanazawa Stadium||6 – 0||3|
|Masaichi Kaneda||August 21,1957||Kokutetsu Swallows||Chunichi Dragons||Chunichi Stadium||1 – 0||10|
|Sadao Nishimura||July 19,1958||Nishitetsu Lions||Toei Flyers||Komazawa Stadium||1 – 0||6|
|Gentaro Shimada||August 11,1960||Taiyo Whales||Osaka Tigers||Kawasaki Stadium||1 – 0||3|
|Yoshimi Moritaki||June 20,1961||Kokutetsu Swallows||Chunichi Dragons||Korakuen Stadium||1 – 0||4|
|Yoshiro Sasaki||May 1,1966||Taiyo Whales||Hiroshima Carp||Hiroshima Municipal Stadium||1 – 0||7|
|Tsutomu Tanaka||May 12,1966||Nishitetsu Lions||Nankai Hawks||Osaka Stadium||2 – 0||7|
|Yoshiro Sotokoba||September 14,1968||Hiroshima Toyo Carp||Taiyo Whales||Hiroshima Municipal Stadium||2 – 0||16|
|Koichiro Sasaki||October 6,1970||Kintetsu Buffaloes||Nankai Hawks||Osaka Stadium||3 – 0||4|
|Yoshimasa Takahashi||August 21,1971||Toei Flyers||Nishitetsu Lions||Korakuen Stadium||4 – 0||1|
|Soroku Yagisawa||October 10,1973||Lotte Orions||Taiheiyo Club Lions||Sendai Stadium||1 – 0||6|
|Yutaro Imai||August 31,1978||Hankyu Braves||Lotte Orions||Sendai Stadium||5 – 0||3|
|Hiromi Makihara*see note||May 18,1994||Yomiuri Giants||Hiroshima Toyo Carp||Fukuoka Dome||6 – 0||7|
|Daisuke YamaiandHitoki Iwase||November 1,2007||Chunichi Dragons||Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters||Nagoya Dome||1 – 0||7|
- It was a dropped foul fly ball that caused the Giants to make an error in Makihara’s game, which prevented the hitter from reaching first base.
|Ramiro Cuevas||August 14,1953||Nuevo Laredo Owls||Mexico City Red Devils||1 – 0|
|Francisco MaytorenaHector Manuel DiazNicolas Garcia||March 24,1971||Mexico City Tigers||Veracruz Eagle||3 – 0||7 Innings|
|Andrés Ayón||June 30,1972||Saltillo Saraperos||Monterrey Sultans||9 – 0||7 Innings|
|Diego Segui||June 21,1978||Cordoba Coffee Growers||Nuevo Laredo Owls||5 – 0||7 Innings|
|Horacio Pina||July 12,1978||Aguascalientes Railroadmen||Mexico City Red Devils||3 – 0|
|Jairo Valenzuela||June 10,1984||Saltillo Saraperos||Cordoba Coffee Growers||5 – 0||7 Innings|
|Herminio Dominguez||April 14,1985||Campeche Pirates||Cordoba Coffee Growers||1 – 0||7 Innings|
|Don Heinkel||June 2,1992||Campeche Pirates||Mexico City Red Devils||7 – 0||7 Innings|
|Oscar Rivera||August 7,2005||Yucatan Lions||Oaxaca Warriors||1 – 0||Postseason|
Mexican Pacific League
|Joakim Soria||2006||Obregon Yaquis||Hermosillo Naranjeros||6-0|
|Annabelle Lee||1944||Minneapolis Millerettes||Kenosha Comets|
|Carolyn Morris||1945||Rockford Peaches||Fort Wayne Daisies|
|Doris Sams||August 18,1947||Muskegon Lassies||Fort Wayne Daisies|
|Jean Faut||July 21,1951||South Bend Blue Sox||Rockford Peaches|
|Jean Faut||September 3,1953||South Bend Blue Sox||Kalamazoo Lassies|
Cuban National League
|Maels Rodríguez||December 22,1999||XXXIX (Nac)||Sancti Spiritus||Las Tunas||Estadio José Antonio Huelga||1 – 0|
Chinese Professional Baseball League
|Ryan Verdugo||October 7,2018||Uni-President Lions||Chinatrust Brothers||1 – 0|
|Craig McGinnis||1989||Haarlem Nicols||De Spartaan||?|
|Eelco Jansen||July 27,1997||Corendon Kinheim||ADO||?|
|Misja Harcksen||April 14,2019||Curaçao Neptunus||Twins Oosterhout||4-0|
- Dutch national team hurlers Rob Hoffmann and Herman Beidschat partnered on a flawless game against the Spanish national team during the 1964 European Championship in the Netherlands.
- The year was 1965, and David Garcia pitched a perfect game for Mexico versus Guatemala in the Amateur World Series.
- Tom Lyons threw a perfect pitch for Greece against Russia in the 2008 European Championship Qualifying Round.
- While competing in the 2010 Intercontinental Cup, Dalier Hinojos of Cuba threw a flawless game against the team from Hong Kong. He also threw a perfect game against Sri Lanka in the 2010 World University Championship, which lasted seven innings.
- Yusuke Ishida and Hirofumi Yanaka teamed to throw a five-inning mercy rule perfect game against the Mongolian national team in the 2010 Asian Games in Singapore.
“Near” Perfect Games
|Harvey Haddix||May 26,1959||Pittsburgh Pirates||Milwaukee Braves||0 – 1||13||In the 13th inning the first batter reaches on an error,followed by sacrifice hit, intentional walk and a “walk-off” double|
|Pedro Martínez(9 inn.)Mel Rojas(1 inn.)||June 3,1995||Montreal Expos||San Diego Padres||1 – 0||10||In the 10th the first batter leads off with a double,Rojas replaces Martínez and retires next three batters|
|Ed Karger||August 11,1907(second game)||St. Louis Cardinals||Boston Doves||4 – 0||7|
|Rube Vickers||October 5,1907||Philadelphia Athletics||Washington Senators||4 – 0||5|
|Dean Chance||August 6,1967(second game)||Minnesota Twins||Boston Red Sox||2 – 0||5|
|David Palmer||April 21,1984(second game)||Montreal Expos||St. Louis Cardinals||4 – 0||5|
|Hooks Wiltse||July 4,1908||New York Giants||Philadelphia Phillies||1 – 0||10||With two outs in the 9th inning, umpireCy Riglermissed an obviouscalled strike three against batterGeorge McQuillan. The next pitchfrom Wiltse hit McQuillan in the shoulder.Wiltse retired the next batterand then all three Philadelphia hitters in the 10th inning. New York scoredin the bottom of the 10th to give Wiltse a 10-inning no-hitter instead of a10-inning perfect game. Rigler later admitted his mistake.|
|Armando Galarraga||June 2,2010||Detroit Tigers||Cleveland Indians||3 – 0||9||With two outs in the 9th inning, ground ball to first base 3-1 for putout,umpireJim Joyceincorrectly calls runner safe;after the game, Joyce admits his error upon reviewing the replay|
- Joe Cox’s book, Almost Perfect: The Heartbreaking Pursuit of Pitching’s Holy Grail, was published by Lyons Press and Rowman & Littlefield in Lanham, Maryland, in 2017. The ISBN for the book is 978-1493019502. Rebecca Sichel, Uri Carl, and Bruce Bukiet: “Modeling Perfect Games and No-Hits in Baseball,” in The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 1 (Spring 2011), pp. 58-65
- Rebecca Sichel, Uri Carl, and Bruce Bukiet: “Modeling Perfect Games and No-Hits in Baseball,” in The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 1 (Spring 2011), pp. 58-65
- Rebecca Sichel, Ur
What is a Perfect Game in Baseball – What Makes it Rare?
A no-hitter in baseball is a thrilling experience for both fans and players. The perfect game, which is even more unusual than a no-hitter by a pitcher, is a game in which everything goes perfectly. So, what precisely is a perfect game, what are some well-known perfect games, and what more should you know? Continue reading to find out more.
What is a Perfect Game in Baseball?
Perfect games in baseball are when one or more pitchers throw a complete game without giving up a hit or allowing anybody to reach second base while no one else is on base. A perfect game is defined as one in which there are no hits or walks, no hit batsmen, no fielding mistakes that let a player to reach second base, no uncaught third strikes, and no interference. That implies that a perfect game is as much the success of a pitcher as it is the defense’s ability to make every play that is hit to them.
Early History of the Perfect Game
The term “perfect game” was first used in 1908, and it is still in use today. I.E. Sanborn wrote about Addie Joss’s first perfect game, which she pitched against the Chicago White Sox, in his book The Perfect Game. The term “perfect game” originally appears in Ernest J. Lanigan’s Baseball Encyclopedia in 1922, in reference to Charlie Robertson, a pitcher for the Chicago White Sox who pitched a perfect game for the team in question. The ideal game, on the other hand, has a history that dates back decades.
He was pitching for the Worcester Rugy Legs against the Cleveland Blues, and he struck out all 27 hitters he faced.
What is the Difference Between a No-Hitter and a Perfect Game in Baseball?
The fundamental distinction between a no-hitter and a perfect game comes down to whether or not runners are allowed to reach base. When a pitcher throws a no-hitter and only walks three hitters in nine innings, he is considered successful. A perfect game, on the other hand, indicates that the pitcher, or pitchers, faced 27 hitters and struck out each and every one of them without allowing them to reach base. The legendary pitcher Cy Young pitched three no-hitters throughout his professional baseball career, with just one of them being an absolute gem known as a perfect game.
How Rare is a Perfect Game?
In baseball, perfect games are extremely unusual. As of August 2021, there have only been 23 perfect games ever played in Major League Baseball history, and just 21 since the beginning of the modern era of baseball in 1901, according to Baseball Reference. A perfect game can be thrown by a combination of numerous pitchers, but to date, every perfect game in Major League Baseball has been thrown by a single pitcher.
In the Major League Baseball, there hasn’t been a perfect game in recent years. On August 15, 2012, Félix Hernández of the Seattle Mariners pitched a perfect game against the Tampa Bay Rays, which was the most recent perfect game in Major League Baseball history.
Has Anyone Thrown a Perfect Game in a World Series Game?
In the history of the World Series, just one perfect game has ever been recorded. This particular pitch was thrown by Don Larsen for the New York Yankees in a 1956 game against the Brooklyn Dodgers.
Has There Ever Been a 27 Strikeout Baseball Game?
Another outstanding accomplishment, a 27-strikeout performance, has only occurred once in the history of professional baseball. Ron Necciai pitched a nine-inning game in 1952 in which he struck out 27 hitters and did not allow a single hit. At the time of his historic achievement, Necciai was only 19 years old and playing minor league baseball for the Pittsburgh Pirates. In fact, he was experiencing stomach discomfort throughout the game.
Other Notable Perfect Games
- A gallant effort by Harvey Haddix of the Pittsburgh Pirates against the Milwaukee Braves resulted in a near-perfect 12-inning game for the Pirates in 1959. During the 13th inning, a throwing mistake by the third baseman, Don Hoak, caused the perfect game to be broken.
- A brave effort by Harvey Haddix of the Pittsburgh Pirates against the Milwaukee Braves in 1959 resulted in a near-perfect 12-inning performance for Haddix. During the 13th inning, a throwing mistake by the third baseman, Don Hoak, caused the perfect game to be ended.
- Sandy Koufax became the first major league pitcher to throw four no-hitters when he did it in 1951.
- At the age of 22 years and 30 days, Jim “Catfish” Hunter of the Oakland Athletics became the youngest pitcher to pitch a perfect game in the modern era
- He did it in 1968.
- On July 10, 1981, Cleveland Indians pitcher Len Barker pitched the 10th perfect game in major league baseball history
- Tom Browning of the Cincinnati Reds became the 12th pitcher to throw a perfect game in 1988. On artificial turf, this flawless match was the first of its kind to be played.
- Dennis Martinez threw the 13th perfect game in Major League Baseball history in 1991. He made history by being the first pitcher born outside of the United States to throw a perfect game in Major League Baseball.
- Dennis Martinez threw the 13th perfect game in the history of the Major League Baseball. He did so in 1991. He made history by being the first pitcher in Major League Baseball history to be born outside of the United States.
- David Cone threw the 16th perfect game in baseball history while playing for the New York Yankees fourteen months later, in 1999. The game took place at Yankee Stadium in New York versus the Montreal Expos of the National League.
- Until 2004, Randy Johnson of the Arizona Diamondbacks had been the oldest pitcher to throw a perfect game, having done it at the age of 40, surpassing Cy Young’s previous mark of 37 years.
- A perfect game was pitched by Roy Halladay, of the Philadelphia Phillies, on May of 2010, marking the 20th in Major League Baseball history.
- A perfect game was thrown by Philip Humber of the Chicago White Sox against the Seattle Mariners in 2012. In the game, he struck out all 27 batters.
A perfect game was thrown by Philip Humber of the Chicago White Sox against the Seattle Mariners in 2012. In the game, Humber struck out all 27 batters.
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