What’s the Score?: The Basics of Scorekeeping
Scorekeeping in baseball and softball entails much more than simply keeping track of how many runs are brought across the plate. As a result, the system of statistics, symbols, and methods that is as much a part of the game as an old glove, is a language all its own in the world of baseball. However, it is not difficult to learn. Moreover, after you’ve mastered the art of keeping score, you’ll be able to keep track of every pitch, every at-bat, every hit, and every out in the game. Each league will have an Official Scorer, who will be appointed by the League President.
Whenever possible, the scorer will transmit such choices to the press by hand signals or over the loudspeaker system, and he or she will also notify the announcer of such decisions if he or she requests it.
The scorer must adhere precisely to the Scoring Rules in order to ensure that all records are kept in the same manner.
If the teams switch sides before three outs are called, the scorer is responsible for promptly notifying the umpire of the error.
This includes noting the score, the number of outs, the position of any runners, and the number of balls and strikes the batter has received.
In his or her official capacity, the scorer represents the league and is entitled to the respect and dignity that go along with the position.
The method that gives a number to each player is the basis of the scorekeeping process. Don’t mistake them with jersey numbers; these standard numerical symbols used in scorekeeping remain constant throughout the game: 1 = pitcher; 2 = pitcher catcher 2 = catcher 3 is the number of the first baseman. 4 = second base in baseball 5th base is represented by the number 5. 6 denotes a shortstop. 7 denotes the left field position. 8 is the middle of the field. 9 represents the right field. Using a 10-player lineup, the number “10” might suggest a short fielder or fourth outfielder, for example.
- Among these are: 1B is an abbreviation for single.
- 3B is an abbreviation for triple.
- DP is an abbreviation for double play.
- E stands for error.
WP is an abbreviation for wild pitch. PB is an abbreviation for passed ball. RBI stands for run batted inSB stands for stolen base IP is an abbreviation for Illegal Pitch (Major Division and below) The abbreviation BK stands for balk (for intermediate 50/70 and higher).
Trying It Out
Write out the batting order for each team to get things started. They will be traded between the two managers and will not be able to alter throughout the game, with the exception of substitutes. It is critical to record player jersey numbers alongside the batting order in order to ensure that the appropriate players bat in the appropriate order. The basic scorebook will resemble a gigantic checkerboard, with nine (or ten, or more) rows going across the page and a matching number of columns going down the page, as seen in the illustration.
- For example, the first inning, second inning, and so on are all separated by a column.
- Consider the Mudville Mudhens, who are batting in the first inning of the opening game of the season.
- For the sake of argument, let’s say the leadoff batter grounds out to the shortstop.
- This would be stated in Section 6-3.
- Similarly, a grounder to third base would result in a 5-3 score.
- The letters L8 or F8 may be used to represent a lineout to center field, with a straight line above the F and the 8 to suggest a line drive.
- Again, various scorers use different symbols, but if the ball is thrown to the center fielder, the “8” is always used to indicate a successful throw.
Some scorebooks will have little squares within each at-bat square to indicate this, while others will not have any.
Keeping accurate pitch counts is made possible by this method.
The second hitter is now on the mound.
He smacks a single to the right field gap.
A line should be drawn from home plate to first base in his at-bat square, with “1B” or “1B9” written next to the line in a paper scorebook to indicate where he is at first base.
The Mudhens now have a runner on first base, one out, and their third batter is on the mound for them.
He smacks a double to the right field corner.
During this time, the runner on first came all the way around and scored on the play as well.
In his at-bat square, indicate that he has completed the whole circuit of the diamond, including stops at second, third, and home.
That diamond should be colored in to signify that he scored a run.
What is the significance of the number 6?
Meanwhile, on the No.
Because there won’t be much place for all of this in a paper scorebook, it’s vital to write short — yet legibly — in order to avoid confusion.
The runner on second tries to steal third but is thrown out because of his inexperience.
Almost certainly 2-5, since the catcher “2” tossed to the third baseman, “5,” who tagged him out at third base.
The Mudhens have two outs left, and Casey is on the mound. Casey, on the other hand, is unstoppable. Casey receives a “K” in this instance, which is the global scoring sign for a strikeout. Alternatively, a reverse K indicates that the hitter glanced at strike three but did not swing.
Heading to the Bottom
The peak of the first has come to an end. Your very first scoring experience has now been recorded. Not nearly, to be honest. At the conclusion of the half inning, draw a line or a ‘x’ at the location of the next hitter. This plainly identifies who will bat first in the following inning as the leadoff batter. Then it’s ideal to tally up the runs, hits, errors, and, if you’re keeping track, pitches thrown, and make notations at the bottom of the page to keep track of everything. A section for this should be included in either an electronic or a paper scorebook.
Make your way to the opposite side of the book, where you should have the starting lineup for the home team in place, and you’ll be ready to begin.
After all of this, that T-shirt you could see at the stadium suddenly makes sense: “I scored a run, I won the game.” 6-4-3=2.
How to Provide a Box Score
The balance (or proof) of a box score is achieved when the sum of the team’s times at bat, bases on balls received, hit batters, sacrifice bunts, sacrifice flies, and batters awarded first base because of interference or obstruction equals the sum of the team’s runs, players left on base, runners removed under playing rule 7.13(c) (Little League Baseball Majors and below), and the putouts of the opposing team.
Give It a Try
The most effective approach to learn is to get started right away. Watch many competent scorekeepers and keep a parallel book to see which approach is the most effective for you to learn from. It is extremely beneficial to observe Little League and high school games in person, as well as professional baseball games on television, while paying close attention to the scoring decisions. Keep a scorebook that is well-organized and easy to interpret as your knowledge of the specific rules grows. Even while it is not a task to be taken lightly, it can be entertaining and can offer a new level to your pleasure of baseball and softball.
GameChanger, the live scoring app that provides coaching insights and fan updates, as well as the official scorekeeping tool endorsed by Little League®, has contributed this content.
Excerpts from the book “What’s the Score?” provide additional substance.
Additional information on scorekeeping practices can be obtained by contacting [email protected]
Using the Proper Symbols to Score a Baseball Game
With the advent of high-tech scoreboards in professional baseball, it is possible that scorekeeping may become extinct. However, if you take a glance around at the next game you attend, you’ll most likely see someone who is keeping track using a pencil and paper, which has been a tradition from the beginning of the game. It appears to be hard, but it is not mathematics, and if you are only scoring the game for entertainment purposes, you may not want every single detail. It is essential that you understand how to score in order to be able to function as an official scorekeeper for your team.
The purpose of a scorecard is to keep an accurate record of the game’s proceedings.
If you want to be an official scorer, you can get a scorebook from a sports goods store or order one online.
There are as many different types of score sheets and forms as there are different types of scorekeepers, and there is no one technique that is actually the perfect way.
It’s acceptable as long as the information is correct. This is a really crucial point. Always write with a pencil. Whatever your level of experience, you will occasionally need to use an eraser, whether you are doing something for the first time or have 50 years under your belt.
Abbreviations And Symbols
First, determine the starting lineups for each club. When attending a professional game, the starting lineups will be displayed on the stadium’s scoreboard and announced around 10–15 minutes before kickoff. Lineups can be provided by a game official or coach at the collegiate level or lower level. Input each player’s uniform number, name, and position on the scorecard to complete the scorecard. If you want to use letter abbreviations (like you might see on a scoreboard), you may do so. If you want to use numbers, you can do so as well.
- Pitcher (P or 1), catcher (C or 2), first baseman (1B or 3), second baseman (2B or 4), third baseman (3B or 5), shortstop (SS or 6), left field (LF or 7), center field (CF or 8), right field (RF or 9) and designated hitter (DH) are the positions on the baseball diamond.
Because 1B is a single, 2B is a double, and so on, using numbers (with the exception of the DH) helps to minimize misunderstanding with the acronyms for what happens in the game. Here are some more commonly used acronyms to describe what happens in the game besides those listed above:
- Baseball terminology: single (1B), double (2B), triple (3B), home run (HR), runs batted in (RBI). Double play (DP)
- Fielder’s choice (FC)
- Error (E)
- Stolen base (SB)
- Caught stealing (CS)
- Unassisted (U)
- Strikeout swinging (K)
- Strikeout looking (backward K)
- Double play (DP)
- Sacrifice (SAC), wild pitch (WP), and passed ball (PB) are all terms used in baseball.
Softball games, as opposed to baseball games, are more likely to include four outfielders, as opposed to three in baseball games. According to this scenario, the left-center fielder has an 8, the right-center fielder has a 9, and the right fielder has a 10. And, depending on the league regulations, there may even be additional designated hitters in the lineup – players who bat but do not play in the field or substitute for the fielders — to help round out the order.
Sample Game: Top Of The First
In the top of the first inning, the Mariners scored one run. The game between the Seattle Mariners and the Cleveland Indians on June 11, 2007 is used as an example. Most scorecards and score sheets already have the diamond drawn in, and you only need to draw a line from the diamond to the base that the player is advancing to. Mark the balls (top line) and strikes (bottom line) in the upper left corner of each box (bottom line). To begin the sample game, say the following:
- You draw a line from home to first base and write “1B” in the lower right corner of the diagram next to the line to denote a single by Ichiro Suzuki, who is the left fielder
- Vidro, the second batter, then grounds out to first base, so you write “3U,” which indicates that the first baseman made the unassisted out. Suzuki moves up to second, causing you to create a line from first to second
- Jose Guillen then hits a single, allowing Suzuki to cross the plate. As a result, place a “1B” in the lower right corner and “RBI” in the lower left corner. Draw a line from Suzuki’s line to the second and third positions, and then to the finish line. Most scorekeepers then fill in the box so that they can see how many runs have scored at a glance
- For example, if Raul Ibanez flies out to right field, put a “9” in the box to indicate that the right fielder caught the fly ball
- After that, Kenji Johjima singles and Guillen advances to second
- And after that, Kenji Johjima singles and Guillen advances to third. Afterwards, Ben Broussard grounds out to the second baseman, who tosses the ball to first, making the score “4-3.”
Seattle has taken a 1-0 lead. Seattle has 1 run, 3 hits, 0 errors, and 2 men left on base, according to the lineup below. Take notice of the line below Broussard, which indicates that it was the final player out. That way, you can quickly tell where you need to begin the following inning.
Sample Game: Bottom Of The First
In the bottom of the first inning, the Indians left the bases loaded for the opposing team. In the bottom of the first inning, it is Cleveland’s time to bat.
- Grady Sizemore is struck out on a 3-2 pitch to right field, therefore place a “9” in that area on the scoresheet. Jason Michaels then hits a fly out to left field, which should be marked with a “7.” Assuming there are two outs, Casey Blake singles on a 2-2 pitch, resulting in the designation “1B” in the bottom right corner and a line to first base
- Travis Hafner then hits a double, allowing Blake to advance to third base. Because of this, Hafner is placed at second base and Blake at third
- Jhonny Peralta then walks, therefore he is designated as a base on balls adjacent to the first baseman’s line to first base. Hafner and Blake remain in their positions
- With the bases loaded, Ryan Garko flies out to left field on a 1-2 pitch. It should be marked with a “7.” As a result, the Indians leave three runners on base in the first inning.
Below the lineups, it is noted that there were no runs scored on two hits, with no errors, and three runners left on the field.
Sample Game: Top Of The Third
The Mariners scored four runs in the third inning to take a commanding lead. Let’s fast forward to the third inning of the Seattle game.
- First, Carlos Guillen singles off the first pitch, which should be marked with “1B” and a line to first
- Then Raul Ibanez hits a home run off the second pitch, which should be marked with “2B” and a line to second. As a result, write “HR” in the lower right corner, and because he scored two runs, write “2 RBI” in the lower left corner. He and Guillen both travel all the way around the bases
- Kenji Johjima then lines out to third base, so write “5” in that place
- Then Ben Broussard flies out to center field to finish the game. In that spot, there’s a “8,” which leads to Adrian Beltre’s RBI single on a 1-2 pitch. Write “1B” on the board and draw a line from home plate to first base
- Jose Lopez is up next, and he knocks another home run on the first pitch. In the same vein as Ibanez, he receives the same quip. Write “HR” in the lower left-hand corner, “2 RBI” in the lower right-hand corner, then continue writing all the way around the bases. Additionally, Beltre completes a full circuit of the bases
- Yuniesky Betancourt subsequently flies out to first base for the third out.
The Mariners had a major inning on their hands. On the bottom of the lineup, there are 4 runs, 4 hits, 0 errors, and 0 men left on base. The score is 5-0 in favor of the team.
Sample Game: Bottom Of The Fifth
The Indians scored three runs in the fifth inning to take a commanding lead. The Mariners added two more in the fourth inning to make the score 7-0. Let’s fast forward to the fifth inning of the Indians’ game.
- It all starts with a ground out by Josh Barfield to the third baseman (who is 5″ tall), who then delivers the ball to first (“3”). As a result, the score is 5-3. After that, Kelly Shoppach hits a single, so put “1B” in the lower left corner and a line from home to first
- Grady Sizemore follows with a single of his own. To mark Shoppach’s progression to second, draw a line from first to second
- Jason Michaels does the same thing. Sizemore is placed second, and Shoppach is placed third
- The next round becomes a little more tricky. Blake is the hitter, and he drives in two runs with a ground ball to the shortstop, who throws home to force Shoppach from the game. He manages to go to first base. As a result, construct a line between third and home that prevents Shoppach’s progress, and move Sizemore to third and Michaels to first while putting Blake on first. Blake’s box has a “FC” (fielder’s choice, meaning he didn’t go for the out on the batter) and a “6-2,” which means shortstop to catcher
- The next batter is Travis Hafner, who hits a single to right-center field. Sizemore and Michaels each score a goal, and Blake moves up to second place. As a result, Hafner receives a “1B” and moves up to first. In addition, he receives “2 RBI.” In order to color in their diamonds, Sizemore and Michaels must travel all the way home. Draw a line from first to second in Blake’s box
- The next batter is Jhonny Peralta, who hits a single to bring Blake home with the winning run. Hafner takes over at second base. As a result, Peralta receives the letters “1B,” a “RBI” in the lower left corner, and a line from first base to home. Complete Blake’s diamond and color him in, then shift Hafner from first to second place on the list. Ryan Garko hits a fly out to right field to bring the inning to a close. That’s a “9,” by the way.
So the final tally is 3 runs, 5 hits, 0 errors, and 2 runners left on base for the Reds.
Sample Game: Bottom Of The Sixth
In the sixth inning, the Indians scored two runs. Now for the Indians’ sixth inning:
- In his box, put “2B,” a line from home to first and first to second, and “RBI” because Nixon flies out to center (“8”)
- Barfield hits a single
- Shoppach hits a double
- And Barfield scores as a result of Shoppach’s double. Barfield’s diamond has been colored
- From Cha Seung Baek to Eric O’Flaherty, the Mariners have changed their starting pitchers. You may begin filling up Baek’s box on the Mariners sheet by clicking on it. A total of 27 hitters were faced by him throughout his 5 1/3 innings of work. He allowed 10 hits, 1 walk, 4 strikeouts, and walks. However, you are unable to complete his runs permitted line at this time. He was the one who placed Shoppach on second base
- Sizemore then knocks a single to left field, advancing Shoppach to third. Sizemore is given the position of first baseman and a line from home to first base
- Shoppach’s line is extended to third base
- And Sean Green takes over for O’Flaherty. O’Flaherty is given 0 innings and 1 hit. He’s in charge of Sizemore, who’s at first base
- Michaels is hit by a pitch while trying to steal second. Put a “K” in his position, and Blake follows it up with a single that brings Shoppach in. Fill in the blanks with “1B” and a “RBI.” Bring Shoppach back to his house and color in his diamond. Sizemore advances to third base, and the official scorer determines that Sizemore advanced as a result of a fielding mistake by the left fielder. Placing the letter “E7” next to the line between second and third in Sizemore’s location effectively puts an end to Baek’s career. All five runs are earned, and the Mariners have changed pitchers once more, this time to George Sherrill. As a result, in Green’s line, placed 1/3 of an inning, one hit, and one strikeout in the two hitters that faced the pitcher. Because he is accountable for Blake, you are unable to fill in the blanks for his runs at this time
- Hafner gets thrown out at third base. So that’s a “5” on the scale. That brings the inning to a stop and puts an end to the careers of both O’Flaherty and Green, who both get a “0” next to their runs and earned runs totals. A side note: If Sizemore had scored, O’Flaherty’s run would have been unearned because he had advanced one base on an error
- However, he did not.
In his box, draw “2B,” a line from home to first and first to second, and “RBI” because Nixon flies out to center (“8”); Barfield hits a single; Shoppach hits a double; and Barfield scores as a result. Barfield’s diamond has been colored in a complementary manner. Pitchers Cha Seung Baek and Eric O’Flaherty are swapped out for the Mariners. You may begin filling in Baek’s box on the Mariners sheet by circling it. During his five and a third innings of work, he allows 10 hits and one walk while striking out four hitters while facing 27 batters.
- His error put Shoppach on second; Sizemore then drives in Shoppach with a single to left field, moving him into third.
- O’Flaherty receives 0 innings and 1 hit in his debut as a starter.
- Shoppach is brought in after Blake knocks a single to the left of the infield.
- Shoppach should be moved to his residence and his diamond colored.
- Placing the letter “E7” next to the line between second and third in Sizemore’s place effectively ends the game against Baek; The Mariners changed pitchers once more, this time to George Sherrill, who earned all five runs.
- As Blake is his responsibility, you are unable to fill in his runs at this time; Hafner gets thrown out trying to steal second.
- With that, the inning comes to a conclusion and the books are closed on O’Flaherty and Green, who both get a “0” next to their runs and earned runs totals on their respective stat sheets.
Sample Game: Top Of The Ninth
The Mariners scored the go-ahead run in the top of the ninth inning to win the game. Although they score two more runs in the eighth inning to tie the game at 7, the Indians fail to advance any further with the bases loaded. That will appear on the completed film, but you can skip forward to the start of the ninth inning if you so desire.
- Jose Vidro gets things started with a single. To begin, write “1B” and a line to the left of the first. The Mariners then bring in Willie Bloomquist to serve as a pinch runner. It’s best to indicate this by placing his name beneath Vidro and the letters “PR” next to it. Pinch runner Ben Bloomquist is brought in during the ninth inning, so place a “PR” next to first base to indicate where he came in. Jose Guillen then hits a fly out to center field, so place a “8” in that box. Raul Ibanez then hits a double to bring Bloomquist home. “2B” should be written on his line, along with “RBI.” The Bloomquist diamond should be colored in to indicate the run scored
- Kenji Johjima then hits a single, and Ibanez moves up to third. Draw a line from first to second for Johjima, and a line from first to second for Ibanez. Ben Broussard is up next, and he hits a fly out to right field to start the inning. Despite his best efforts, Ibanez is thrown out at the plate while trying to score from third. As a result, the score is 9-2 DP. A double play is made from right field to the catcher. Draw a line between home and third base on Ibanez’s diamond to indicate that he was thrown out at home.
Finishing Up And More
Add it all up and fill in the blanks on the form. Finish up the pitching lines if necessary. It is important to note that sacrifices and walks do not count as at-bats in baseball. And here’s a link to the box score from the game, courtesy of MLB.com.
Keeping a Clean Scorecard: A Baseball Beancounter’s Bible
I’m a statistician by training. As a statistician, I’m a big fan of your work. I enjoy statistics that are comprised of acronyms and may cause Joe Morgan to become perplexed. I believe that most of the standard statics we utilize are faulty, incomplete, and too frequently fall prey to small sample sizes and other problems, as well as other factors. However, regardless of whether you believe that the Win is the most important statistic or if you like to examine contextual wOBAs and compare them to a player’s VORP for the season, all of these figures must originate someplace.
- Obviously, this is a baseball reference.
- That’s correct, and it’s reasonable.
- There are a variety of options for obtaining a scorecard these days.
- Alternatively, you can do what I do and create your own cards.
- Because they have a reasonable amount of pitchers’ places available, they have enough of room for substitutes, and the scorecard isn’t unduly packed on the actual score box, this is the case.
- Okay, let’s start from the very beginning with the most fundamental concepts, beginning with Positions.
- But I’ll proceed on the assumption that you don’t and tell you anyway.
7 – Left Field is the position.
This shorthand is used to conserve space in the score box so that plays may be scored as they occur.
The terms “offense” and “defense” each have their own particular notation.
The number “6-3” would be used to indicate a groundout from the shortstop to the first baseman.
Let us start with the basics.
An out-of-bounds play is often scored simply by writing a huge number above the score box to denote which fielder made the catch.
Some people like to use the letter “F8,” but I prefer the number “F8” on its own, and I’ll explain why in just a moment.
I prefer to clearly write them on my scorecard as “L8” or “pop6,” which indicates a lineout to CF or a popout to SS, respectively.
It doesn’t matter who catches it if the CF, RF, and 2B are all closing on the ball.
It is, however, still an out if the ball is hit clearly to right field and the 2B is nowhere to be found.
Popouts are rare in baseball.
I score these the same as if they were fair balls, but here is the point at which I insert the “F” that I described previously in the discussion.
We can’t forget about double plays in this discussion.
Taking the Tulo-Barmes-Helton DP as an example, the score is 6-4-3.
However, if the back end of the double play is not completed, you will not be penalized for an error.
” This play would be scored as a Fielder’s Choice, 6-4-3, with the runner out at second base, as shown below.
It’s basically defined as every instance in which a runner reaches because the fielder chose to get someone else out instead is referred to as a fielder’s choice.
A grounder to 1B that is fielded by the 1B on their own and either tags the runner or touches the bag is simply scored as “3u,” which is an abbreviation for “3-unassisted,” and is the lowest possible score.
Typically, you’ll only see this with the 1B and 3B, but it can happen with other classes as well.
In order to register a strikeout, you must simply indicate which strikeout it is in the bottom-right corner of the scorecard by circling it.
Look over to the other side of the plate for a moment.
You just track the batter’s journey down the basepaths and note how he arrived at his destination.
A double to RF would be denoted by the letters “2B9.” A triple to the letter CF is “3B8.” Have you gotten the picture?
But, you might wonder, what happens if they divide the difference.
When the CF and the RF are ripping after the ball, the CF will grab it first, and Chipper Jones will be limited to 2 bags since the CF possesses a cannon of an arm, as shown in the video above.
It is possible to make an exception when the ball is obviously in RF, but Adam Dunn slid for it and missed it miserably, and Shane Victorino had the play covered and prevented an inside-the-parker from being scored.
Then it’s on to pitching.
K, BB, HBP, and HR are all possible outcomes.
To create the appearance of a strikeout, place a huge Backwards K above the box.
When you have a dinger, you have to write down where the ball departed the park.
You get a “HR7” for your efforts.
Moving on to the scorecard now that we’ve covered the notation part of our discussion.
The first step is to fill up the scorecard with pertinent information, such as the date, time, scorer, weather conditions, and umpires, among other things.
The player’s uniform number should be included in the left box, followed by their name, and finally their position number should be included.
As soon as we have completed all of the paperwork, we will begin playing the game.
However, while the fundamentals of how to mark outs and hits, along with the appropriate placements, are quite general, this does not imply that you must copy my method exactly.
Do whatever makes the most sense to you in terms of keeping a record of the game!
During this process, I’ll give you a play-by-play of what’s going on and then paste how I score it as we go along.
Fowler hits a single to center field on a 2-1 count.
In order to score this, we darken the line to indicate how far Fowler made it on his hit, and then write the necessary notation to indicate what he did in order to reach that point.
You are not have to be sequential; instead, you can just mark “x” for each strike or ball.
Now, some people would circle the pitch or anything like that, but I don’t generally go into such depth with my notes.
In addition, you may choose to score it as “SB7” to indicate that he stole the bag while the LF was still on the field.
Todd Helton, who is batting third, grounds out to second base on a 2-0 count.
We track Fowler’s movement along the basepaths by filling in the gaps in the line and noting who has moved him forward.
We indicate Atkins’ move to first base by filling in the line and marking “5” to credit Atkins with the RBI, and we advance Fowler to home plate by filling in the line and marking “5” to credit Atkins with the RBI.
Hawpe, who is batting 5th, spans the gap with the first pitch, moving Atkins to third base (slow).
Hawpe accomplished something, so we move Atkins up to 3B by marking the “9” to indicate that something happened, and then we add the arrow to indicate that Hawpe got him all the way along.
Hawpe and Atkins, without a doubt, do not progress.
Atkins is victorious.
Iannetta, who is batting eighth, is hit by seven pitches, one of which is a foul ball.
Ubaldo is batting ninth.
There’s nothing to it.
Following your understanding of the fundamentals, you may move on to asking questions regarding scorekeeping that are more specific to your situation.
Keep in mind that baseball is a sport that requires discipline, not just in terms of pitching, fielding, and batting, but also in the way records are kept and statistics are compiled.
I’d want to express my gratitude to Patrick McGovern of Baseballscorecard.com for making such beautiful designs available. It has been years since I’ve used his scorecards, and they are truly remarkable in their simplicity.
The techniques used by individual fans to keep a scorecard vary, and many of them create their own notations for their scores. However, here’s a straightforward method: As an example, if the batter grounded out to shortstop, enter the number “6-3,” which indicates that the shortstop threw him out at first base. If the batter hits a fly ball to left field, mark the spot with a “7.” If the hitter receives a hit, record the hit in the appropriate field according to the base he reached. Each of the box’s four corners symbolizes a base, with the lower-right corner being the first to represent a base.
- For every time he doubles, write a “=” in the top right corner, and so on.
- As the runner makes his or her way forward, place the proper symbol in the corresponding corner.
- Using the above example, if the No.
- The usage of consistent numbers in this situation is preferred by some, as it allows you to identify who did what even after the lineup changes.
- At the conclusion of the game, you will be able to sum the totals of the innings to obtain the final score.
The Complete Baseball Scorekeeping Handbook, Revised and Updated Edition: Wirkmaa, Andres: 9781476663890: Amazon.com: Books
On January 27, 2018, a review was published in the United States of America. Although this book is not what I had in mind when I purchased it, it is interesting and informative. Due to the fact that I am now working on a project that necessitates the pursuit of precise scoring systems, I was hoping to obtain a more scientific explanation of the mechanism of baseball scoring. The knowledge is provided in this book but in a more leisurely (and pleasurable!) manner than would be found in a textbook format.
- Baseball is one of my favorite sports, but I already know how to score the majority of games (and do it for recreational purposes), so it was frequently redundant for me.
- This is the book in question.
- I purchased this book to assist me in ensuring that my scorekeeping was precise.
- I’ve been keeping score since I was a small child, and it’s one of the activities that my father and I enjoyed doing together.
- Recent years, some parents have taken exception to their child receiving an error or to their child not receiving a hit or extra base hit when the opposing side commits a mistake or attempts a fielder’s choice on their child’s behalf.
- Excellent reassurances.
- This upgraded version, like the initial edition, is really wonderful.
You can also consider purchasing the Kindle edition, which would allow you to search the text for a certain topic when looking for anything specific.
On April 8, 2019, a verified purchase was reviewed in the United States of America.
Much bigger and more detailed than before.
However, the author of this book explains why they don’t.
As a result, this book goes through the scoring system in great detail and provides you with the knowledge you need to determine what to score.
On October 25, 2017, a review was conducted in the United States.
It is written in simple, clear language, which makes a subject that might be difficult to comprehend more approachable.
When you need to brush up on an obscure rule during the brief intermission between innings, you’ll be grateful you have this book on your shelf.
On September 18, 2017, a review was conducted in the United States. Purchase that has been verified Extremely well-thought-out. All of my queries concerning scorekeeping were answered. The product was evaluated in the United States on July 19, 2017 and was verified to be genuine.
The Joy of Keeping Score: How Scoring the Game Has Influenced and Enhanced the History of Baseball: Dickson, Paul: 9780802715708: Amazon.com: Books
A little excerpt of the material is available; double tap to view the complete excerpt. Double touch to view the abbreviated content if the full material is not accessible. Paul Dickson is the author of more than 65 nonfiction books and hundreds of magazine pieces, all of which have been published in English. In addition to a wide range of topics ranging from ice cream to kite flying to electronic warfare, he has focused his writing on the American language, baseball, and twentieth-century history in recent years.
- Army, 1940-1941: The Forgotten Story of How America Forged a Powerful Army Before Pearl Harbor, will be released in 2020 by the University of California Press.
- A Couple of Excerpts for Paul Dickson “A national treasure who deserves to be heard by a large number of people.” —Library Journal, et al.
- “He’s a decent, serious, and amusing guy.
- — The Washingtonian is a magazine published in Washington, DC.
- —I’m writing for a magazine.
- Louis Post-Dispatch published this article.
- The odd and funny outpourings of Mr.
- Toasts, jokes, rules, recipes, myths, and half-truths satiate his unquenchable desire for mind-tickling minutiae,” says the author.
Keeping score, especially during a Little League baseball game, is both enjoyable and straightforward. The key is to be familiar with the fundamental abbreviations, understand how to score plays, and, of course, pay close attention to the game. Scorebooks are the official record of the games that have taken place, thus it is critical that they are filled up completely and precisely.
The method that gives a number to each player is the basis of the scorekeeping process. Don’t mistake them with jersey numbers; these standard numerical symbols used in scorekeeping remain constant throughout the season. When maintaining score, you will always refer to the position number rather than the position name, as follows: 1 = pitcher; 2 = pitcher catcher 2 = catcher 3 is the number of the first baseman. 4 = second base in baseball 5th base is represented by the number 5. 6 denotes a shortstop.
8 is the middle of the field.
Using a 10-player lineup, the number “10” might suggest a short fielder or fourth outfielder, for example.
3B is an abbreviation for triple.
HR is an abbreviation for home run. BB = walk-up DP = double-take HBP (hit by pitch) is an abbreviation for hit by pitch. RBI stands for run batted inSB stands for stolen base IP is an abbreviation for Illegal Pitch (Major Division and below) K = Kick out of the game.
- The following items are required: pencil, eraser, sharpener
- Scorebook (must use the official scorebook issued by the league)
- Lineups for both the visiting and home teams
- Official Regulations and Playing Rules (given by the management or league): Copy of the Local League House Rules (given by the management or league):
- You are in charge of keeping track of the official score of the game. The official scorekeeper is always assigned to the home team
- You are the one who has the ultimate word on whether or not an error has been committed. Every participant has an equal opportunity to have his or her name published in the newspaper, and it is your responsibility to guarantee that this occurs. It is your responsibility to preserve an accurate record of the game’s proceedings. It should be possible for any of your colleagues scorekeepers, the manager, or a member of your board of directors, to study your scorebook and obtain an accurate and clear picture of everything that occurred throughout the game
Setting up the Scorebook
- Arrive on the field at least 15 minutes before the game begins. Establish a position right behind home plate. Locate the relevant page in the scorebook and fill in the blanks. The names of the teams and the date of the game should be written in ink at the top of the sheet. In addition, the scorebook will specify which team is the home team and which team is the visiting squad. There may also be additional comments in the scorebook identifying eligible pitchers and other relevant information. Make sure to get the lineup from the managers at least ten minutes before the start of the game, if possible. It will be mentioned on the lineup card who is in the lineup. Transfer the names, positions, and player numbers from the scorebook to the player listing on the board
- Check to see that the team’s managers have tracked down and accounted for every player on the roster. Make notes in the scorebook about eligible pitchers and other relevant information.
Official Start Time
Make care to write the following at the top of the scorecard: “Official start time:” (v) vs TIME: 1:35 p.m. DATE: PLACE_ In baseball, official time begins when the umpire declares, “Play,” or in some other way signals the start of the game. Most games have time constraints that must be adhered to. The length of a game varies according on the division and the day of the week.
Scorekeeper In-Game Duties
- Watch each play and make a note of the outcomes in the scorebook. Keep an exact count of all pitches thrown and write it in the scorebook at the end of each half inning (you may want to double-check the pitch count with the other scorekeepers after each half inning)
- During a game, the scorekeeper’s major task is to maintain a written scorecard that tracks the following information:
- Each batter’s number of balls and strikes
- What each hitter does to get on base
- Each team will have runs and outs. “RBIs – runs batted in” should be identified. “Pitch Count” refers to the total number of pitches fired by a single pitcher.
- Confirm the batter’s identity. As each player takes the field, double-check that he or she is the proper player by comparing his or her uniform number to the lineup. Balls and strikes that result in goals
- All scorebooks have a section for noting balls and strikes. They are often arranged in the shape of five little squares or circles. To score a ball or a strike, you must either draw a line through the little squares or circles or enter a number or color in the appropriate square or circle. If you’re going to utilize the number technique, it’s a good idea to number the pitches in the order in which they happened.
- A player must know where the ball has gone, who it has been thrown to, or who has caught it in order to score an out. When an out occurs, record the position number of the player who caught the ball, followed by the name of the player to whom the ball was thrown. Make sure you use a dash to divide the players on the field. Once you’ve completed this, be sure to write the out number 1, 2, or 3 in the spot where the out happened and circle the number. Make sure to draw a half-line toward the base of the out where it was made to avoid confusion. A strikeout is indicated by the letter K in the score box.
- To get a hit, all that has to be done is to figure out what kind of hit it was in advance (single, double, triple or home run). Each scoring box in most scorebooks will have these elements clearly noted. Simply mark the proper hit with a circle. Make certain that any players who were on base at the time of the hit are moved to their proper positions after the hit. Making a walk is simply like making a hit
- You just need to circle the BB in the appropriate box and draw a line depicting the player who is at first base.
- It is recorded in the same way as a hit is recorded as a walk or (Base on Balls). The batter walks, and you circle the BB abbreviation in the side column and draw a line from first base to second base. Make care to advance any prior runners who may have been on the track at the time of the race. If a batter walks with the bases loaded, he is awarded an RBI
- Otherwise, he is not.
- To score a run, simply color in the complete box of the player who scored the run you want to score. It is important to credit the player who batted in the runner with an RBI when he or she scores a run. Some scorebooks contain a box for runs batted in, while others only need the run batted in to be written in
- When an inning has concluded, a slash must be placed in the bottom right corner of the scorebook to indicate the final player to come up in that specific inning. To ensure that no additional runs are scored in that particular inning, just draw a line along the length of the inning after filling in the slash
Scorekeeper After-Game Duties
- When the umpire proclaims the game to be finished, the game is over. Record the total number of pitches thrown by each pitcher on each side and input the information into the Pitcher Eligibility Tracking Form.
- When the umpire proclaims the game to be over, it is considered to be over. Keeping track of the total number of pitches thrown by every pitcher on each side and entering that information into the Pitcher Eligibility Tracking Form
- Following the game, ask each manager to sign the score sheet after confirming the final/official outcome of the game. To ensure accuracy, have each manager sign the pitch count sheet.
- Always write with a pencil
- Spills are a pain in the neck
- Keep your coffee beverages secure. It is critical to maintain concentration and attention. Issues and disagreements should be referred to the BMOD (Board Member on Duty) for resolution
- If there are two or more players running the bases at the same time, complete the score sheet “backwards” after each play.
- A pencil should be used at all times. Spills are a pain in the neck
- Keep your coffee beverages safe. It is critical to maintain concentration and attention
- Allow the BMOD (Board Member on Duty) to make decisions on concerns and debates. The score sheet should be completed “backwards” after every play if there are two or more players jogging the bases.
- Take advantage of the opportunity to use a timeout to ask an umpire to clarify a call. Due to the fact that Little League has extremely strict regulations regarding the amount of pitches a pitcher can throw, it is critical to record the final pitch count of each pitcher in the scorebook
- Remember that you have an important task to do, so try to filter out any distractions from the crowd and maintain your composure
Important Items to Get Right
- Pitch Count: The total number of pitches thrown by each pitcher in each inning and over the course of the season. In baseball, there are balls and strikes, outs, and the score.
Pitch Count Scoring (see further down for pitch count rules and days of rest.)
- Provide managers and coaches with pitch count totals whenever they want them. Each pitch delivered to the batter (while the ball is in play) will be counted against the team’s total. (There is one exception: a pitch that is designated “no pitch” will not be charged to that pitcher.)
- At the conclusion of the game, the total number of pitches thrown by each pitcher must be recorded in the scorebook (as well as on the Eligibility Tracking Form)
- The pitch count provided by the Office Scorekeeper is the official and final count. It makes no difference whether the managers, coaches, parents, or anybody else’s interpretation differs from the Official
- Scorekeeper! Do not become entangled in the debate about whose record is correct. Keep in mind that the Official Scorekeeper is the one who makes the final and official pitch count. Every ball and strike should be recorded with a slash
- Foul balls that have already been recorded with two strikes are indicated by the letter “F,” which may also be written in the top left corner (F1,2 denotes a pair of foul balls that have already been recorded with two strikes
- You can also use dots or hash marks in place of the letter “F.”) After the third out, add up the balls plus strikes plus the second strike, fouls plus HBP plus hits plus mistakes to get the pitch count fouls. At the bottom of the score sheet, in the appropriate inning column, record the number of pitches thrown in each inning. Each time a new pitcher joins the game, whether it is for your own side or the opposing team, you must record it in the scorebook
- Otherwise, the game will be called. You are interested with the amount of actual pitches thrown rather than the number of innings played with pitch count.
Here’s a video that will teach you all you need to know about Little League scorekeeping:
I Keep Score: A primer for baseball fans
“Baseball fans may be split into two groups: those who keep score at the game and those who have never taken the plunge. Paul Dickson’s performance in “The Joy of Keeping Score” I keep track of the points. It’s a t-shirt I saw someplace and laughed out loud as soon as I saw it because it was so funny. According to some, wearing this tee indicates that the user keeps track of his or her own life; nonetheless, for me, it represented what I do when watching baseball. I keep track of the points. During the 1870s, a sportswriter named Henry Chadwick earned the distinction of being the first person to use scorekeeping in a competitive setting.
- He is a hero in my eyes.
- It allows you to have a thorough knowledge of trends, streaks, changes, and improvements in real time.
- I enjoy having my own copy of the game’s scorecard.
- However, scorekeeping is quickly becoming a lost art, as the enormous HD displays at the stadium provide you with all the information you could possibly desire, and apps like as MLB.com provide you with real-time information.
- However, I am unable to have a player sign my cell phone in order to photograph their MLB debut or their first home run.
- In a scorebook, I keep track of my own baseball career.
- A unique aspect of baseball is that the statistics are fed by the scorekeeping, which includes keeping track of how many runs, RBIs, homers, and other stats are scored and recorded on a baseball scorecard.
Over the last several years, I’ve observed an increase in the number of people who have inquired about scorekeeping at sporting events.
They want to know how I learned, if I do it every game, and if I keep score if I’m just watching on TV with my family.
It is this piqued interest that has led me to create – a primer of sorts on the art of scorekeeping.
Although not every scorecard will look the same and not every scorekeeper’s symbols will be the same, the fundamental principle of recording the plays you see in front of you on a piece of paper is the same everywhere.
However, if you want to be in position to score in tonight’s rubber match in Anaheim, this is the route to take.
There are many different types of scorecards available, but if you’re at the ballpark, you should stop by the shop and get one.
It’s possible that it’s the only thing remaining at the ballpark that you can get for a dollar, and I hope the price never goes up.
You may always add more if your scorekeeping skills improve and you grow more interested in other types of analytics.
The positions are identified on a scorecard by the number assigned to them.
At first base, that’s the shortstop getting rid of a runner.
The designated hitter does not receive a uniform number because he is never seen on the field.
Some will provide you with spaces to note the umpires who worked the game, the weather conditions at game time, and the number of people that attended the game.
When the game starts and the first batter steps up to the plate, it’s important to make sure you have your pencil and paper prepared.
First, let’s take a look at how to score outs.
Strikeouts- If a hitter is struck out swinging, the letter “K” should be written.
Batters hitting fly balls that are caught are easily identified by the use of a F and the position number of the fielder who caught the ball.
Some people omit the F and simply put the number of the location that caught the ball – it’s up to you which method you prefer.
Ground outs- If a hitter hits a ground ball that is then tossed from one player to another in order to get the batter out at first, you must record the names of the players that touched the ball and in what sequence they did so in order to get the batter out.
A double play that moves the ball from shortstop to second base and then first base is denoted as 6-4-3.
Caught Stealingis another another technique for a gamer to get out of a sticky situation.
(If the lines don’t make any sense at this point, just hang in there; we’ll get to the base path lines in a moment.) There are a variety of ways for a player to get on base, as well as a variety of ways to record each of them.
There will be a bright diamond drawn in on some scorecards, while others will be blank squares for each at bat.
Even while not everyone maps out base pathways, I strongly advise doing so since it provides a much clearer image of how the game truly went later on if you were to look back.
You draw a line from home plate to first base and write 1B on it whenever a hitter reaches first base; alternatively, you draw a line from home plate to first base and place one hash mark on the line from home to first.
Walk- To indicate a walk, draw a line from the home plate to the first base plate and write “BB” for base on balls on the line.
If the shortstop makes a mistake with the ball or drops it, that is an E6.
The base path from home to first base should be drawn with the word “HBP” at the end of it if a player gets hit by a pitch.
First, indicate that the hitter received only a single by writing “1B” or “single hash,” and then by writing “E3” or “error” on the line from first to second, indicate that an error was committed by the first baseman.
Here are the different ways a runner can advance and how to keep track of your progress on your scorecard in case you want to keep track of it later.
The jersey number of the batter who advanced the runner can be included, although it is not required, and most fan scorekeepers do not include such information.
Drawing the base path and adding “SB” along the base path line after a runner steals a base is a good way to keep track of who is who.
You may either write the jersey number of the player who batted in the run on that square or, alternatively, you can record an RBI on that square.
What Else Is There?
Things like demonstrating where an inning ends and what to do while a team is batting around are examples of what is included.
To indicate the conclusion of an inning, just draw a diagonal slash diagonally across the bottom right hand corner of the square, noting which batter was the final batter of the inning in the process.
That is entirely optional, and I recommend that you do not concern yourself with pitch count when you are first starting to keep score – that may come later when you become adept and obsessed.
As soon as this occurs, you just continue the inning into the next column, which is intended for the following inning.
You’ll also make use of those columns if you’re fortunate enough to attend a game that includes FREE BASEBALL, commonly known as extra innings.
Substitutions of players, pinch-hitters, and pinch-runners -When a player replacement is made, you’ll create a vertical line after the final at-bat of the previous player and place the name of the new player under the name of the original player who was in that position in the order at the time of the substitution.
In order to make tallying the figures at the conclusion of each inning more convenient, you should record the totals for each inning’s hit totals, runs totals, runners left on base totals, errors totals, and so on.
That’s all there is to it.
Depending on why individuals maintain score, we’ll take a look at some alternative scorebook types next week, as well as some varied ways in which people keep score. You’ll get an exclusive look inside the scorebooks of commentators, fans, and professional athletes.