## Hold (baseball) – Wikipedia

Baserunner hold refers to the process of preventing baseball runners from advancing to the next base. Arthur Rhodes, a lefty specialized reliever who has been around for a long time, ranks second all-time in holds. Ahold (abbreviatedHLD,HorHD) is given to a relief pitcher who satisfies all three of the following criteria: 1. Enters the game in an asavesituation, which is defined as when all three of the following requirements are met: In the event that (a) he arrives in relief (i.e., he is not the starting pitcher) when his team is ahead; and (b) he is not the winning pitcher; and (c) he qualifies under one of the following circumstances: (1) He enters the game with a lead of no more than three runs and keeps that lead for at least one inning.

(2) He enters the game, regardless of count, with the possible tying run either on base, at bat, or on deck.

2.

Leaves the game before it has come to a close without his side having lost the lead at any time and without recording an out; 4.

## Description

It is possible for more than one pitcher per side to earn a hold for a game, unlike saves, wins, and losses; however, it is not feasible for a pitcher to obtain more than one hold in a single game. A pitcher can be awarded a hold if he or she protects a lead, even if the lead is lost by a subsequent pitcher after the pitcher’s leave. It was established in 1986 by John Dewan and Mike O’Donnell in order to provide a statistical assessment of the success of the great majority of relief pitchers who are only given a limited number of opportunities to close out a baseball game.

In 1994, PA SportsTicker devised an alternate definition for a hold, eliminating the need that a pitcher must record an out in order to record a hold.

STATS LLC acquired PA SportsTicker in 2009, and as a result, the other definition is no longer in use.

Holds are an optional category that can be added in customized fantasy baseball leagues, according to several fantasy baseball suppliers.

## Career leaders

According to MLB.com, which only tracks the statistic from 1999 onwards, the career leaders are listed based on the overall number of catches made. Statistics are current through October 1, 2021.

KeyRank | Ranking of the player all-time |
---|---|

Player | Name of the player |

Holds | Career Holds |

Years | The years this player played in the major leagues |

† | Elected to theBaseball Hall of Fame |

* | Denotes pitcher who is still active |

L | Denotes pitcher who is left-handed |

According to baseball statistics websites such as Baseball-Reference.com and The Baseball Cubecredit is given to players in games played before to 1999 depending on the game scenario recorded during each time the pitcher entered and exited the field. The hold totals, on the other hand, do not always accord from site to site or with MLB.com, particularly after 1999. If the statistic had been recorded in games prior to the 1999 season, the following players, who began their Major League careers before 1999, would have been among the all-time leaders in the sport.

Baseball-Reference.com has computed the total number of holds for each player, and they are listed below. ** According to Baseball-Reference.com, which took into account years before to 1999.

## Single season record

The single-season Major League Baseball record for holds is 41, set byJoel Peralta in 2013 while pitching for the Tampa Bay Rays and equaled by Tony Watson in 2015 while pitching for the Pittsburgh Pirates. Previously, Luke Gregerson of the San Diego Padres held the record for the most holds with 40, which Peralta exceeded in 2010.

## See also

Definitions of Baseball Terms | |

% Inherited Scored | A Relief Pitching statistic indicating the percentage of runners on base at the time a relief pitcher enters a game that he allows to score. |

1st Batter OBP | The On-Base Percentage allowed by a relief pitcher to the first batter he faces in a game. |

Active Career Batting Leaders | Minimum of 1,000 At Bats required for Batting Average, On-Base Percentage, Slugging Percentage, At Bats Per HR, At Bats Per GDP, At Bats Per RBI, and K/BB Ratio. One hundred (100) Stolen Base Attempts required for Stolen Base Success %. Any player who appeared in 1995 is eligible for inclusion provided he meets the category’s minimum requirements. |

Active Career Pitching Leaders | Minimum of 750 Innings Pitched required for Earned Run Average, Opponent Batting Average, all of the Per 9 Innings categories, and Strikeout to Walk Ratio. Two hundred fifty (250) Games Started required for Complete Game Frequency. One hundred (100) decisions required for Win-Loss Percentage. Any player who appeared in 1995 is eligible for inclusion provided he meets the category’s minimum requirements. |

BA ScPos Allowed | Batting Average Allowed with Runners in Scoring Position. |

Baserunners per Nine Innings | These are the hits, walks and hit batsmen allowed per nine innings. |

Bases Loaded | This category shows a player’s batting average in bases loaded situation. |

Batting Average | Hits divided by At Bats. |

Bequeathed Runners | Any runner(s) on base when a pitcher leaves a game are considered bequeathed to the departing hurler; the opposite of inherited runners (see below). |

Blown Saves | This is charged any time a pitcher comes into a game where a save situation is in place and he loses the lead. |

Catcher’s ERA | The Earned Run Average of a club’s pitchers with a particular catcher behind the plate. To figure this for a catcher, multiply the Earned Runs Allowed by the pitchers while he was catching times nine and divide that by his number of Innings Caught. |

Cheap Wins/Tough Losses/Top Game Scores | First determine the starting pitcher’s Game Score as follows: |

- Start with a number of 50
- The starting pitcher gets one point for every strikeout he records
- After the fourth inning, add 2 points for each additional inning the pitcher goes on to complete. For each strikeout, add one point to your total. For each hit that is permitted, deduct two points. For each earned run that is permitted, subtract 4 points. Add 2 points to account for an unearned run. For each stroll, deduct one point from your total.

Cleanup Slugging% | The Slugging Percentage of a player when batting fourth in the batting order. |

Clutch | This category shows a player’s batting average in the late innings of close games: the seventh inning or later with the batting team ahead by one, tied, or has the tying run on base, at bat or on deck. |

Complete Game Frequency | Complete Games divided by Games Started. |

Defensive Batting Average | A composite statistic incorporating various defensive statistics to arrive at a number akin to batting average. The formula uses standard deviations to establish a spread from best to worst. |

Earned Run Average | (Earned Runs times 9) divided by Innings Pitched. |

Fast-A | Otherwise known as “Advanced A,” these A-level minor leagues are the California League, Carolina League and Florida Stat League. |

Favorite Toy | The Favorite Toy is a method that is used to estimate a player’s chance of getting to a specific goal in the following example, we’ll say 3,000 hits.Four things are considered: |

- Needed Hits – the number of hits required to get the desired result. (Of course, this could also be “Need Home Runs” or “Need Doubles” – whatever you choose to call it.)
- Years Remaining in the Contract. The formula 24-.6 is used to estimate the number of years that will be required to achieve the target (age). As a result of this approach, players under the age of 20 have 12.0 seasons left on their contract. Players under the age of 25 have nine seasons left on their contract, players under 30 have 6.0 seasons left on their contract, and players over 35 have just three season left on their contract. Any athlete who is currently actively participating in competitive sports is presumed to have at least 1.5 seasons left, regardless of his or her age. Hit Level has been established. For 1996, the established hit level would be calculated by multiplying 1993 hits by two times 1994 hits by three times 1995 hits by six, and then dividing the result by six. A player, on the other hand, cannot have an established performance level that is less than three-fourths of his most recent performance level
- For example, a player who had 200 hits in 1995 cannot have an established hit level that is less than 150
- Hits that are expected to be made in the future. This is calculated by multiplying the second number (the number of ears left) by the third number (the established hit level)

Once you have obtained the projected remaining hits, the probability of achieving the objective is calculated as (projected remaining hits) divided by (require hits), minus.5. If your “require hits” and your “projected remaining hits” are the same, you have a 50 percent probability of achieving your target using this technique of calculation. If your anticipated remaining hits are 20 percent greater than your required hits, you have a 70 percent probability of achieving your target in time. There are two specific rules, as well as a note:

- The probability of a player continuing to develop toward a goal cannot be more than.97 per year. For example, a player cannot calculate that they have a 148 percent probability of completing their goal because this is against the rules.)
- The possibility of a player continuing to develop toward the objective cannot be more than.75 each season if his offensive winning percentage is below.500 throughout the season. If a below-average batter is two years away from attaining a goal, his likelihood of accomplishing that objective cannot be proved to be better than nine-sixteenths of a percent, or three-fourths times three-fourths, no of his age.
- Rather of using actual figures from a complete season of play, we utilized predicted metrics for 1994 and 1995.

Fielding Percentage | (Putouts plus Assists) divided by (Putouts plus Assists plus Errors). |

First Batter Efficiency | This statistic tells you the batting average allowed by a relief pitcher to the first batter he faces. |

GDP per GDP Situation | A GDP situation exists any time there is a man on first with less than two outs. This statistic measures how often a player grounds into a double play in that situation. |

Go-Ahead RBI | Any time a player drives in a run which gives his team the lead, he is credited with a go-ahead RBI. |

Ground/Fly Ratio (Grd/Fly) | Simply a hitter’s ground balls divided by his fly balls. All batted balls except line drives and bunts are included. |

Hold | A Hold is credited any time a relief pitcher enters a game in a Save Situation (see definition below), records at least one out, and leaves the game never having relinquished the lead.Note: a pitcher cannot finish the game and receive credit for a Hold, nor can he earn a hold and a save. |

Inherited Runner | Any runner(s) on base when a relief pitcher enters a game are considered “inherited” by that pitcher. |

Isolated Power | Slugging Percentage minus Batting Average. |

K/BB Ratio | Strikeouts divided by Walks. |

LateClose | A LateClose situation meets the following requirements: |

- During the seventh inning or later, the batting side is either up by one run, tied, or has a possible tying run on base, at the plate, or on deck
- The game is over

Leadoff On Base% | The On-Base Percentage of a player when batting first in the batting order. |

No Decision (ND) | The result when a starter is credited with neither a win nor a loss. |

OBP+SLUG (OPS) | On-base percentage plus slugging percentage. |

Offensive Winning Percentage (OWP) | The Winning Percentage a team of nine Fred McGriffs (or anybody) would compile against average pitching and defense. The formula: (Runs Created per 27 outs) divided by the League average of runs scored per game. Square the result and divide it by (1+itself). |

On Base Percentage | (Hits plus Walks plus Hit by Pitcher) divided by (At Bats plus Walks plus Hit by Pitcher plus Sacrifice Flies). |

Opponent Batting Average | Hits Allowed divided by (Batters Faced minus Walks minus Hit Batsmen minus Sacrifice Hits minus Sacrifice Flies minus Catcher’s Interference). |

Outfielder Hold Percentage | A statistic used to evaluate outfielders’ throwing arms. “Hold Percentage” is computed by dividing extra bases taken (by baserunners) by the number of opportunities. For example, if a single is lined to center field with men on first and second, and one man scores while the other stops at second, that is one extra base taken on two opportunities, a 50.0 hold percentage. |

PA* | The divisor for On Base Percentage: At Bats plus Walks plus Hit By Pitcher plus Sacrifice Flies; or Plate Appearances minus Sacrifice Hits and Times Reached Base on Defensive Interference. |

PCS (Pitchers’ Caught Stealing) | The number of runners officially counted as Caught Stealing where the initiator of the fielding play was the pitcher, not the catcher. Note: such plays are often referred to as pickoffs, but appear in official records as Caught Stealings. The most common pitcher caught stealing scenario is a 1-3-6 fielding play, where the runner is officially charged a Caught Stealing because he broke for second base. Pickoff (fielding play 1-3 being the most common) is not an official statistic. |

Percentage of Pitches Taken | This tells you how often a player lets a pitch go by without swinging. |

Percentage of Swings Put In Play | This tells you how often a player hits the ball into fair territory, or is retired on a foul-ball out, when he swings. |

Pickoffs (Pk) | The number of times a runner was picked off base by a pitcher. |

Pivot Percentage | The number of double plays turned by a second baseman as the pivot man, divided by the number of opportunities. |

PkOf Throw/Runner | The number of pickoff throws made by a pitcher divided by the number of runners on first base. |

Plate Appearances | At Bats plus Total Walks plus Hit By Pitcher plus Sacrifice Hits plus Sacrifice Flies plus Times Reached on Defensive Interference. |

Power/Speed Number | A way to look at power and speed in one number. A player must score high in both areas to earn a high Power/Speed Number.The formula: (HR x SB x 2) divided by (HR + SB). |

Quality Start | Any start in which a pitcher works six or more innings while allowing three or fewer earned runs. |

Quick Hooks and Slow Hooks | A Quick Hook is the removal of a pitcher who has pitched less than 6 innings and given up 3 runs or less. A Slow Hook occurs when a pitcher pitches more than 9 innings, or allows 7 or more runs, or whose combined innings pitched and runs allowed totals 13 or more. |

Range Factor | The number of Chances (Putouts plus Assists) times nine divided by the number of Defensive Innings Played. The average for a Regular Player at each position in 1997: |

- 5.00 points for second base, 2.67 points for third base, 4.56 points for shortstop, and 1.99 points for left field, 2.55 points for center field, and 2.06 points for right field.

Relief Points (Pts) | Wins plus saves minus losses |

Run Support Per 9 IP | The number of runs scored by a pitcher’s team while he was still in the game times nine divided by his Innings Pitched. |

Runs Created | A way to combine a batter’s total offensive contributions into one number. The formula:(H + BB + HBP – CS – GIDP) times (Total Bases +.26(TBB – IBB + HBP) +.52(SH + SF + SB)) divided by (AB + TBB + HBP + SH + SF). |

Runs/Times on Base | This is calculated by dividing Runs Scored by Times on Base |

Save Percentage | Saves (SV) divided by Save Opportunities (OP). |

Save Situation | A Relief Pitcher is in a Save Situation when upon entering the game with his club leading, he has the opportunity to be the finishing pitcher (and is not the winning pitcher of record at the time), and meets any one of the three following conditions: |

- He enters the game with a lead of no more than three runs and has the opportunity to pitch for at least one inning, or he enters the game with the potential tying run on base, at bat, or on deck, regardless of the count, or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save
- Or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save

SBA | Stolen-base attempts against a catcher |

SB Success% | Stolen Bases divided by (Stolen Bases plus Caught Stealing). |

Secondary Average | A way to look at a player’s extra bases gained, independent of Batting Average. The formula:(Total Bases – Hits + TBB + SB) divided by At Bats. |

Slow-A | Otherwise known as “Regular A,” these full-season minor leagues contain less-experienced professional players. The Slow-A leagues are the Midwest League and South Atlantic League (Sally). |

Slugging Percentage | Total Bases divided by At Bats. |

Stolen Base Percentage Allowed | This figure indicates how successful opposing baserunners are when attempting a stolen base. It’s stolen bases divided by stolen-base attempts. |

Times on Base | Hits plus walks plus hit by pitch |

Total Bases | Hits plus Doubles plus (2 times Triples) plus (3 times Home runs). |

Win-Loss Percentage or Winning Percentage | Wins divided by (Wins plus Losses). |

Zone Rating | Simply the percentage of balls fielded by a player in his typical defensive “zone,” as measured by STATS reporters. |

Formulas and Definitions | |

PA | AB + BB + HBP + SF + SH + defensive interference |

PA* | AB + BB + HBP + SF |

Total Bases | |

AVG | H/AB |

OBP | (H + BB = HBP)/(AB + BB + HBP + SF) |

SLG | TB/AB |

Breakdown Categories | |

Ahead/Behind in Count | For hitters, ahead in count includes 1-0, 2-0, 3-0, 2-1 and 3-1. Behind in count for hitters includes 0-1, 0-2, 1-2 and 2-2. The opposite is true for pitchers. |

Day/Night | Officially, night games in the National League are those that start after 5:00 pm, while night games in the AL begin after 6:00 pm. Therefore, a game at 5:30 in Yankee Stadium is a day game while one in Shea Stadium at the same time is a night game. We avoid this silliness by calling all games starting after 5:00pm night games. |

First Pitch | Refers to the first pitch of a given at bat, and any walks listed here are intentional walks. |

Grass/Turf | Grass is grass. Turf is artificial turf. |

Groundball/Flyball Ratio | A hitter’s stats against pitchers that induce mostly grounders or flies, respectively. If the ratio is less than 1.00, then he is a Flyball hitter. If it is greater than 1.50, he is a Groundball hitter. Anything else is classified as neutral. Same cutoffs apply for classifying pitchers. Anyone with less than 50 plate appearances is automatically neutral. |

First Inning Pitched | Describes the result of the pitcher’s work until he recorded three outs. |

Inning 1-6 and Inning 7+ | These refer to the actual innings in which a pitcher worked. |

None On/Out | Refers to situation when there are no outs and the bases are empty (generally leadoff situations). |

None On/Runners On | Describes the status of the baserunners |

Number of Pitches | This section shows the results of balls put into play while his pitch count was in that range. |

Pitcher/Batter Match-Ups | The following conditions must be met before a player is added to the list: |

- For a batter to be considered a “Hits Best Against” candidate, there must be at least 10 plate appearances between him and the pitcher
- And for a pitcher to be considered a “Pitches Best Against” candidate, the batter must have a.300 batting average against the pitcher, and the pitcher must limit the batting average of the batter to under.250.

Scoring Position | At least one runner must be at either second or third base. |

Vs. 1st Batr (Relief) | Describes what happened to the first batter a reliever faces. |

## Beginner’s Guide: How to Read a Baseball Scoreboard

When you attend a baseball game, you will almost always see a massive scoreboard in the outfield that provides a seemingly limitless amount of information. Numerous numbers, letters, and statistics may be found, and each of these objects has its own distinct significance. How can you interpret a baseball scoreboard when you’re being bombarded with so much information at your disposal? Baseball scoreboards are read from left to right, with the names of the teams posted at the far left of the board to indicate who is playing.

The letters R, H, and E represent the number of runs, hits, and errors that happened throughout the whole game.

So let’s take a closer look at some of the more typical areas featured on baseball scoreboards, as well as those sections that are less popular.

## Four Common Sections on All Baseball Scoreboards

It is not all baseball scoreboards are created equal, as you will see in some of the examples in this article. Aside from the fact that they do not all look the same, they also do not all carry the exact same information. However, there are four areas that can be seen on practically every baseball scoreboard.

### Names of Each Team

One of the first things you’ll notice on a scoreboard is the names of the teams who are taking part in the competition. On the left-hand side of the scoreboard, these names are presented in alphabetical order, with the visiting team listed first and the home team listed last, starting with the visiting team. The fact that the home team is always ranked below the visiting team is due to the fact that the home team always bats second. Consequently, when we look at the next portion of the scoreboard, which is comprised of innings, we will be able to tell whether a game is in the top of an inning or the bottom of an inning.

The teams’ names will either be “Visitor” and “Home,” the real names of each club, or (in the case of certain Major League scoreboards) merely the team’s emblem, depending on the style of scoreboard being used and the sort of league in which you are playing.

### Number of Runs Scored Per Inning

The number of runs scored every inning is represented by a large line of numbers directly to the right of each team’s name on the scoreboard. Baseball games can go anywhere from three to nine innings, depending on the league you’re in. As a result, this area of the scoreboard is usually the longest in terms of length. Prior to reading this area of the scoreboard, you should take note of the sequential numbers at the top of the screen, which are normally numbered from 1 to 9. Each of these numbers corresponds to a certain inning in a game of baseball.

- The numbers are displayed just beneath each inning.
- For example, if you look at the photo above, you’ll note that the home team is represented by the number “3” beneath the number “8.” In other words, the home club scored three runs in the eighth inning to win the game.
- Unless a half-inning has begun, this area of the scoreboard is totally blank at that point.
- The bottom of the ninth inning has not yet begun, which means the game is still in progress.
- A third at-bat is not given to the home club since they are ahead after the top half of the ninth inning.

### Runs, Hits, and Errors

Moving on to the number of runs scored each inning, we find three more columns labeled R, H, and E. These are the number of runs scored per inning in the previous inning. Is there any significance to the lettering on a baseball scoreboard? Runs is represented by the letter R on a baseball scoreboard, and it indicates how many total runs have been scored by each side throughout the game. It will rise in value as the game proceeds and more runs are scored, so that the overall amount of runs scored is reflected in this figure.

This total includes all singles, doubles, triples, and home runs, among other things.

This statistic is calculated from all of a team’s defensive mistakes, and it provides fans with a broad notion of how well a team is performing defensively.

### Balls, Strikes, and Outs

Another area of a baseball scoreboard that is fairly popular is a section that displays the number of balls, strikes, and outs for each half-inning of the game. This area will either be either above or directly below the portion that displays the overall amount of runs scored every inning, depending on which is most appropriate. During each pitch of an at-bat, the balls and strikes are updated, allowing viewers to see how many strikes the hitter currently has on him at any one time.

It will be updated when each offensive player is retired, and it will inform viewers of the number of outs that have been achieved thus far in this half-inning of baseball action.

## Other Common Stats on a Baseball Scoreboard

Some baseball scoreboards will contain a portion designated “P” in the middle of the screen. On a baseball scoreboard, what does the letter P represent? Generally speaking, the letter “P” on a baseball scoreboard denotes the position of the pitcher, and the number shown will correspond to the pitcher’s uniform number. This figure is only provided to inform spectators of the number of pitchers currently on the mound for each club.

### Number of the Batter

A part of many baseball scoreboards is dedicated to showing the jersey number of the hitter who is currently on the mound. This portion, which is generally named something like “At Bat,” serves the function of informing fans of who is about to take the field.

### Batting Statistics

In addition to the other elements described in this article, the majority of Major League Baseball scoreboards will display batting statistics for each individual player. Typically, a batting order will be displayed, with each player’s season-long batting average displayed next to his or her name. When that player comes up to bat, the scoreboard will spotlight him or her and provide additional batting statistics pertaining to what that player has accomplished thus far in the game. These additional statistics often include things like runs batted in, stolen bases, how many hits they’ve gotten today, and what kind of hits they got today, among other things (single double, triple, home run).

### Additional Lights When the Play Results in a Hit or Error

While playing baseball, it might be difficult to judge if a hard hit ball was an RBI or an error at times over the course of the game. However, what about those hard-hit, non-routine situations when the player didn’t quite get a clean fielding? Are they considered mistakes as well? Some scoreboards will feature an additional “H” and “E” to assist spectators comprehend what is going on on the field, however there will be circular lights beneath these letters to help them see what is going on. In addition to “Hit” and “Mistake,” these letters are used to inform all fans and players if a ruling on the field was a hit or an error, depending on the situation.

### Left On Base (LOB)

In addition to the R, H, and E letters on the scoreboard, certain Major League clubs have added an extra acronym to the right of the R, H, and E. LOB is an abbreviation that stands for “Left On Base,” which means “left behind.” The Left on Base stat (LOB) is shown on baseball scoreboards and estimates the total number of runners that were left on base at the conclusion of each inning. All runners that were left stranded for the length of the game are represented by this number, which represents a grand total.

### Mound Visits Remaining (MVR)

Beginning with the 2018 season, several Major League scoreboards have introduced a new metric to the scoreboard that simply displays “MVR” to the right of the letters R, H, and E. This statistic is displayed to the right of the letters R, H, and E. But what is MVR in the context of baseball? It is the total number of times that a teammate, coach, or manager can visit the pitcher on the mound without causing a pitching change that is measured in Mound Visits Remaining (MVR). In the 2019 season, each team will receive five mound visits every game, which is intended to assist accelerate the tempo of play.

If a game goes into extra innings, each team is awarded one more mound visit for each extra inning that is played. If a game goes into extra innings, each team is granted one additional mound visit.

#### What Happens if you Go Over Mound Visits in MLB?

According to the official Major League Baseball regulations, a manager who exceeds the allocated mound visits must make a pitching change as a result of the punishment. The punishment for a position player who exceeds the authorized number of mound visits results in the possibility of that player being ejected from the game.

## How to read a baseball scoreboard or line score

BaseballLine Score The line score is the very basic display, similar to a scoreboard, that you will need to know how to read at a live game or on television.Teams:On the far left, you will see both teams listed, with the home team on the bottom. Runs by inning:The numbers 1-9 indicate the inning, while the numbers even with the team name represent the runs scored in each inning. R:Runs. The total number of runs scored by each team. This is the most important number as it represents the score. H:Hits. Total hits awarded to the team. The number of times batters successfully reached first base. E:Errors. Total errors, or mistakes that should have resulted in an out, committed by each team. Should be low, usually 0. W/L:Win or Loss for a pitcher along with their record. 3-2 would be 3 wins and 2 losses. Only one pitcher per game is awarded a win or loss.When I look at the line score above from the 2006 World Series, I can quickly tell then following. Saint Loius (STL) won the game 5 to 4 at home. They were behind from the second inning to the 7 th inning. Detroit tied up the game in the top of the eighth inning, but then St. Louis scored in the bottom of the eighth, which they were able to hold onto. Since they were up in the ninth inning, they didn’t need to bat in the bottom of the ninth because the victory was already locked up. Detriot had one more hit than St. Louis, but they also committed an error. I am curious if the error led to a run being scored, and will look into that when I examine the box score by seeing how many runs were “earned.” Wainwright was awarded the win, while Zumaya was awarded a loss. |

## Why Runs/Hits/Errors should no longer define baseball . but still does

11th of April, 2020

- Columnist and feature writer for ESPN’s baseball coverage Former editor-in-chief of Baseball Prospectus
- Co-author of “The Only Rule Is That It Has to Work”
- Former editor-in-chief of Baseball Prospectus

The smallest, strangest, most pervasive thing about baseball that we take completely for granted is.whatever it is. Was it established that hitters should not get suicidally closer to the pitcher by having a front of the batter’s box? So, balls that strike the foul pole are ruled fair, regardless of whether or not they really fall on the fair side of the rink? Is it because the players’ trousers are too tight to be worn without a belt? Does it matter if the manager, who is often an older gentleman sitting in the shade, wears a ballcap?

- The R/H/E.
- In addition to appearing on every major league scoreboard and atop every box score of every game on Baseball Reference, the R/H/E may be seen on every broadcast graphic leading into and after every commercial break.
- In addition to being pervasive, it is as prevalent as any sequence in the sport, as well as being aberrant and out of date.
- (Sports having time periods, such as baseball, may display scoring per period on the scoreboard, but they do not display YardsTurnovers, AssistsRebounds, or Drive YardagePutts with every display of the score.) And why hit instead of simply running to the base?
- The answers to these questions are both known and unknown at the same time.
- However, if we were to develop baseball in the year 2020, the R/H/E would very likely not exist, and if it did, it would almost surely display various numbers beneath different letters.
- If there is a future season of baseball, it will be unlike any other season that has come before it.

In order to accommodate these limitations, some rather radical suggestions have been made, including doubleheaders built around seven-inning games, 30-man rosters, round-robin tournaments, television only audiences, an abbreviated amateur draft, baseball in the winter, and restrictions on extra-inning games (among other things).

Nevertheless, because sports tend to resist change, those modifications are not complemented by additional, complementing modifications.

Think about the concept of preventing games lasting more than seven hours and 20 minutes in extra innings, such as the marathon between the Red Sox and Dodgers during the 2018 World Series, which is now under consideration.

The fact that there were no lights, and thus no play after dark, meant that games were literally limited to the length of daylight hours, and it was a given that a certain number of games every year would end in ties, sometimes before the full nine innings were even completed, as a result of the lack of lights and, consequently, the lack of play after dark.

- The stakes of the games were undoubtedly far smaller, and the earliest professional teams only went into extra innings if their captain insisted on it; otherwise, they would accept a tie as the result of the game.
- In 1920, a 26-inning game was completed in three hours and fifty minutes.
- In order to cope with the difficulties of ties after nine innings, they simply added additional innings, just as they did for the first nine innings of play.
- Games that go more than five hours have become a serious issue these days.
- Similarly, if the R/H/E had never been developed, it is likely that it would not have been invented today.
- Perhaps home runs should be used instead of plate appearances in order to provide fantasy owners with the most simple and useful information possible.
- R/H/E didn’t appear until baseball had been around for a few decades, and it didn’t appear everywhere at the same time either.

Those brief ones had only the following information: scoring by inning and a score total, but nothing else: In 1891, this information was somewhat expanded to include the following: The Times published the same linescores, but just below them were listed, in text, the team totals for “Base hits” and “Errors,” as well as the batteries of each team: “Base hits” and “Errors” Now, a fan who wants to know what occurred in an out-of-town game will not only know the score, but will also get a basic description of what sort of game it was – whether it was defensively tidy, if it was filled with more baserunners than the score indicated, and so on.

- However, for a newspaper designer, three lines of text is a significant amount of space.
- However, it was not yet the default setting for whole box scores.
- “R/H/E didn’t become even marginally widespread in newspapers until the 1950s,” according to the author.
- Morris has come up with a provisional conclusion, which is: Newspapers preferred the R/H/E arrangement because, when deadlines approach, page designers frequently had to remove stuff to make room for new material.
- Meanwhile, Sporting News would never cut box scores because that publication was created to publish box scores and operated on a more forgiving weekly production schedule.
- Morris believes that by removing R/H/E from the line score, Sporting News will be able to employ narrower columns and cram more box scores onto each page, saving space.
- This is also partially due to the way box score design is implemented.

(Walks were despised by Henry Chadwick, baseball’s original statistician and the credited author of box scores, who was well-known for his disdain for them.) However, not every newspaper utilized the same box score, since it was determined by how they employed their available space.

Putouts and assists were always paired together; they either appeared together or separately.

As a result, the AB/H/R/E and the AB/H/E forms were the two most often used formats for box scores.

As the emphasis on defense decreased – and as the numbers of runs and RBIs began to supplant the number of errors in most box scores – the R/H/E structure had become a piece of established furniture.

It was the final thing I observed during the most recent baseball game that was significant.

A team and its decision-makers may seek to deliver the ball to their top player more often than they can give the ball to their ninth-best player in practically any other sport.

The eighth position in the lineup might be up for grabs on the most momentous occasion in team history.

When we create baseball for current players and modern play, there are a number of things that don’t exist that would if we were developing it for the past.

Bases are still as far apart as they were before gloves were invented, and the outfield walls are still as close together during a juiced ball season as they were before – and yet the sport continues to thrive despite these anomalies.

Even though the players change, the world changes, we change, and the sport itself changes when it needs to, the rest remains stubbornly, nonsensically, and reassuringly the same.

When baseball returns, it’s possible that it will be a significantly different game. In general, however, Mike Troutwill be attempting to beat the exact same dimensions that Ty Cobb did, and his approach will be summarized in the same way it was then: Runs, hits, and errors are all part of the game.

## Baseball Abbreviations

Tony Gwynn had another outstanding season in 1997, with 592 at-bats and 220 strikeouts, and an avg of.372, which was the best in the National League. Which of these abbreviations do all of these letters stand for? The Baseball Almanac is glad to give a standard collection of acronyms that are seen and used in print on a regular basis in the sport of baseball.

## Baseball Stats

Baseball Abbreviations 101Offensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ABBBAVGCS2BGIDP GRSLHBPHHRRHRIBBISO LOB OBPOPSRRBISFSHSSLGSB%SBRSBSOTB3B | At BatsBases on Balls (Walks)Batting AverageCaught StealingDoublesGround into Double Plays Grand SlamsHit by PitchHitsHome Run RatioHome RunsIntentionalBasesonBalls(Walks)Isolated Power Left on Base On-Base PercentageOn-Base Plus SluggingRunsRuns Batted InSacrifice FliesSacrifice Hits (Bunts)SinglesSlugging PercentageStolen Base PercentageStolen Base RunsStolen BasesStrikeoutsTotal BasesTriples |

Pitching Abbreviations for Statistics | |

AOBB BFPBKCBOCGCGLERERAGFGOGOAOGPGSHHBPHRIBBIPIRAIPSLMB9OBAPARRPFRWS/SHOSOSVSVOTBWWP | Fly Outs (Air)Walks (Bases on Balls) Batters Facing PitcherBalksCombined ShutoutComplete GamesComplete Game LossesEarned RunsEarned Run AverageGames FinishedGround OutsGround Outs / Fly Outs RatioGames PlayedGames StartedHitsHit BattersHome RunsIntentional WalksInnings PitchedInherited Runs AllowedInnings Per StartLossesBaserunners Per 9 InningsOpponents’ Batting AveragePlate AppearancesRunsRelief FailuresRelief WinsShutoutsStrikeoutsSavesSave OpportunitiesTotal BasesWinsWild Pitches |

Defensive Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ACSDPEGPOFAPBPKPOSBTCTP | AssistsCaught StealingDouble PlaysErrorsGames PlayedOutfield AssistsPassed BallsPickoffsPutoutsStolen Bases Total ChancesTriple Plays |

Miscellaneous Abbreviations for Statistics | |

ML SER | Major League Service |

Baseball Stats Abbreviations 101 |

The “common” set has several variations (DO Doubles, TR Triples, etc.), but these are the ones that are regarded “official” and are the ones that are used here at Baseball Almanac, among other places. Did you know that the National Association (a non-official league that gave rise to the National Leagueofficial )’s statistics were destroyed in a fire in the early 1900’s? Major League Baseball organized a Special Baseball Records Committee in the 1960s to examine the irregular records that had been kept previous to the 1920 season.

## What does H E mean on baseball scoreboard? – idswater.com

Most scoreboards will also display the current number of balls, strikes, and outs, as well as the name or number of the hitter who is now on the mound. The letters “H” and “E” in the above table represent the total number of hits and errors recorded by each team, respectively.

## What is e MLB?

E: Inaccuracies. Each team was responsible for the total number of errors, or faults that should have resulted in an out.

## What does H mean in baseball stats?

HitDefinition. A hit happens when a hitter hits the baseball into fair area and advances to second base without being thrown out by a fielder or making a fielding mistake.

## What does B mean in baseball?

He did not take a walk (BB), strike out (SO), or hit a home run (HB) (RBI). His batting average (also known as batting average or AVG) at the conclusion of the game was 286.

## What are the abbreviations for fielding stats in baseball?

Abbreviations for Fielding Statistics A = Assist – The number of outs recorded on a play when the player fielded the ball is referred to as an assist. The term “Double Play” refers to when two offensive players are eliminated from the game in the same play. DRS = Defensive Runs Saved – A measure of a player’s overall defensive performance that attempts to quantify how many runs a defender saves on the field.

## What are the abbreviations for batting average in baseball?

Abbreviations for Baseball Stats. If the bases are loaded at the time of the hitter’s at-bat, the batter is also given credit for a run batted in. This is likewise true in the case of a BB and an IBB, respectively. Baseball batting average (BA) is computed by dividing the number of hits by the number of “official” at bats a batter has had in a given season.

## What does the elimination number mean in baseball?

In baseball, the elimination number is represented by the letters “E” or “E,” and it symbolizes the total number of wins by the division leader and losses by another club in the division that must be achieved for the top team to clinch a playoff position.

## What does BS stand for in baseball statistics?

When a pitcher enters or starts a game, this number is a strong prediction of how long he or she will last. Relief pitchers are tracked by this statistic, which counts the number of times they enter a game in a save situation only to see the tying run come in and win it. Abbreviations for Fielding Statistics A = Assist – The number of outs recorded on a play when the player fielded the ball is referred to as an assist.

The term “Double Play” refers to when two offensive players are eliminated from the game in the same play. DRS = Defensive Runs Saved – A measure of a player’s overall defensive performance that attempts to quantify how many runs a defender saves on the field.

## How are earned runs calculated in Major League Baseball?

The earned run average is the most common application of this formula. The earned run calculation treats an error charged to a pitcher the same way it treats an error committed to any other fielder in the lineup. Earned runs were known to as “earnies” by several pitchers, most notably Ed Lynch. Abbreviations for Baseball Stats. If the bases are loaded at the time of the hitter’s at-bat, the batter is also given credit for a run batted in. This is likewise true in the case of a BB and an IBB, respectively.

The batting average of a batter is derived by dividing the number of hits by the number of “official” at bats the player has had.

## What does the H mean in baseball?

A hit happens when a hitter hits the baseball into fair territory and advances to second base without being thrown out by a fielder or making a fielder’s choice in the process. … In the event that a player gets thrown out while attempting to advance to another base (for example, turning a single into a double), the hit is still counted as a hit. In addition, is a blown hold considered a blown save? Definition. A blown save happens when a relief pitcher enters a game in a save situation, but allows the tying run to score before the game is called off.

- An outfielder who is already on third base is considered to have blown the save when a reliever comes in to pinch-hit for him and allows him to score the winning run.
- Ron Necciai, while pitching for the Class-D Bristol Twins on May 13, 1952, had a no-hitter, striking out 27 batters in nine innings!
- Given that he had already decided that S would stand for sacrifice in a box score, he decided to use K to represent a strikeout because it is the final letter in the phrase “struck,” which was at that time the most popular way of denoting a batter being out after three strikes.
- Minor’s three-pitch eighth inning.
- You’ve probably heard of it.

## Which MLB team has the most blown saves?

The Rockies hold the MLB record for blown saves in a season with 34, according to Clarkie.

## Is a 4 run lead a save situation?

The scenario in which the pitcher enters the game determines the number of save opportunities available.

Pitchers are unable to generate save opportunities on their own. A pitcher who enters the game with a four-run lead and who is not in a save situation will be denied the opportunity to earn a save, regardless of the final result.

## Which pitcher has the most blown saves?

Regular season | ||
---|---|---|

Player | Blown saves | Saves |

Gary LavelleL | 81 | 136 |

Mariano Rivera† | 80 | 652 |

Mike Timlin | 141 |

## Did Nolan Ryan throw 108 mph?

Nolan Ryan’s 108 mph fastball set a new world record. Nolan Ryan made history by being the first pitcher in baseball history to ‘light up” the radar at a big league field. Nolan Ryan, then of the Los Angeles Angels, pitched an 11-inning complete game against the Detroit Tigers on August 20, 1974, and the team lost 1-0 in the game.

## What is the rarest thing in baseball?

In baseball, an unassisted triple play is a triple play in which only one fielder handles the ball. It has occurred just 15 times at the major league level since 1900, which makes it the least common sort of triple play and possibly the most unusual occurrence overall.

## Who threw the fastest pitch ever?

Aroldis Chapman, a former Cincinnati Reds pitcher who is originally from Cuba, set a Guinness World Record for the fastest pitch ever on September 24, 2010, in a game against the San Diego Padres. The pitch, measured by Statcast, was 105.1 mph and is now officially recognized as the fastest pitch in baseball history.

## Why is the third strikeout K backwards?

During a game against the San Diego Padres on September 24, 2010, Aroldis Chapman, a former Cincinnati Reds pitcher who is originally from Cuba, threw a fastball that reached 105.1 mph, according to Statcast, setting a Guinness World Record for the fastest pitch ever thrown.

## What is the most grand slams in one game?

Nomar Garciaparra is the only player to accomplish this accomplishment at his home stadium, Fenway Park, where he plays for the Boston Red Sox. Cloninger is the only player in this group who has never hit a grand slam before to or after his milestone game, while Robin Ventura has hit more grand slams than any other player in this group, with 18 total.

## What does G mean in baseball?

At Fenway Park in Boston, the Boston Red Sox’s Nomar Garciaparra is the only player to accomplish the feat in his native city. As a result, Cloninger is the only player in this group who has never hit a grand slam before to or after his milestone game, while Robin Ventura has hit more grand slams than anybody else in this group, with 18 total.

## What is the rarest hit in baseball?

For more than fifty years following the inception of the big leagues, the home run was the most infrequently occurring hit, followed by the triple, double, and single, respectively. The reasoning for this was self-evident: the further a hitter was able to hit the ball, the more bases he would be able to reach.

## Has there ever been a 2 pitch inning?

Is there a record for the most pitches thrown in an inning in Major League Baseball? I discovered that a minor league pitcher, Hayden Deal, threw a two-pitch inning at the beginning of the tenth inning of a game back in 2018, according to internet searches.

## Who has the worst bullpen in baseball 2021?

The Phillies bullpen has been historically terrible again in 2021, according to manager Gabe Kapler: ‘It’s incredibly aggravating’ While the Philadelphia Phillies bullpen is not as poor as it was during the truncated 2020 season, it was still one of the worst bullpens in baseball history at the time.

## What team has struck out the most in 2021?

With 10 strikeouts per game, the Tampa Bay Rays have the highest strikeout rate of any club this season.

TEAM | SEASON | HBP |
---|---|---|

Tampa Bay Rays | 2021 | 49 |

Miami Marlins | 2021 | 44 |

Milwaukee Brewers | 2021 | 67 |

Chicago Cubs | 2021 | 68 |

## What MLB team has the best pitching 2021?

Instead of listing the starting five pitchers, we’ll list the pitchers who are most likely to pitch a significant amount of innings out of the beginning rotation.

- 1) The Los Angeles Dodgers. .
- 2) San Diego Padres, Clayton Kershaw, LHP. Yu Darvish, RHP.
- 3) New York Yankees Gerrit Cole (RHP).
- 4) Washington Nationals. Max Scherzer, right-handed pitcher.
- 5) Mets. Braves: Jacob deGrom (RHP).
- 6) Braves: .
- 7) White Sox
- .
- 8) Indians
- Max Fried, LHP.

## What does GS mean in baseball?

The games have begun (GS)

## How many outs do you need for a save?

When it comes to earning a save, there are three different sets of requirements that must be met, but a pitcher only has to meet one of them in order to earn one. The most straightforward scenario is when a pitcher enters the game in the ninth inning with a lead of three runs or less and records three outs to bring the game to a conclusion.

## What does K stand for in baseball?

Definition. A “K” represents a strikeout.

## What is a good whip for a closer?

Rating | WHIP |
---|---|

Excellent | 1.00 |

Great | 1.10 |

Above Average | 1.20 |

Average | 1.30 |

17th of February, 2010

## Who is the best closer in MLB 2021?

Closer rankings, depth charts, a bullpen report, and sleepers for saves are all available for fantasy baseball.

Rk | Team | Closer |
---|---|---|

1 | Milwaukee Brewers | Josh Hader |

2 | Chicago White Sox | Liam Hendriks |

3 | Los Angeles Angels | Raisel Iglesias |

4 | New York Mets | Edwin Diaz |

There are 6 days left.

## Who has the most saves in 2021?

MLB Stats Leaders for the Year 2021

Saves | SV |
---|---|

1Mark MelanconSD | 34 |

2 Liam HendriksCHW | 28 |

3 Raisel IglesiasLAA | 27 |

3 Alex ReyesSTL | 27 |