What Does Hbp Mean In Baseball

HBP (Baseball) – Definition – Lexicon & Encyclopedia

HBPdefinition This article provides an explanation of what the abbreviation ” HBP ” stands for. The Slangit team has authored and collated the definition, example, and related words given above. If you have any questions, please contact us. HBP (hit by pitch) is an abbreviation for hit by pitch. A hit-by-pitch happens when a batsman is struck by a pitched ball while not swinging at it, and the batter is out of the game. The consequence is that he receives first base. If the umpire determines that a pitch was in the strikezone or that the batter made contact with the ball, a hit-by-pitches is negated, whereas a strike is valid.

Delivery contact is a statistic in baseball that counts the number of times that a player or item of equipment (except his bat) gets struck by the ball while watching a pitch.

The following are the components of offensive and defensive interference: (AB + BB + SF+ SH+ defensiveinterference) Pa * The dividing factor for On the basis of a percentage: At BatsplusWalksplusHit ByPitcherplus Sacrifice Flies; or Plate Appearances minus Sacrifice Hits and Times Reached Base on Defensive Interference; or At BatsplusWalksplusHit ByPitcherplus Sacrifice Flies When a batter, his clothes, or equipment (other than his bat) gets struck directly by the pitch of the pitcher, it is referred to as a hit batsman.

In baseball, a batter is referred to as ahit batsman (HB).

  1. It is the number of times an opposition hitter has been granted first base owing to being hit by a pitch that is recorded in pitching statistics as the hit base rate (HB).
  2. HBH It is a Batter who has been hit by a pitch and hit by a pitcher.
  3. Batter should be hit.
  4. Pitch/Pitcher makes contact with the ball.
  5. It is abbreviated as A hitter who gets hit by a pitch is referred to as being plunked, drilled, nailed, plugged, or beaned in colloquial speech.

AB – ” At-bat ” – A hitter and a pitcher are both given credit for an at-bat every time a batter encounters a pitcher, with the exception of the following situations: If the batter obtains a base on balls (BB), is hit by a pitch (P), hits a sacrifice fly (SF) or a sacrifice hit (SH), the batter receives a run.

The number of times a hitter has been struck by a pitch in a game.

An imperfection in a batter’s swing, generally characterized by some form of wasted arm motion between the load position and launch.

Wild Pitch, 3rd Strike The batter advanced to first base on a wild pitch, the third strike (D3WP).

What is the significance of terms such as “World Baseball Classic,” “Rubber arm,” “Replacement-level player,” “LOOGY,” and “Late-inning pressure situation?”

Hit by pitch – Wikipedia

It is known as a hit batsman in baseball when a batter or his clothes or equipment (other than his bat) gets struck by a pitch from the pitcher. A hit batsman (also known as hit batsman in baseball) is a player who is struck by a pitch from the pitcher (HB). As long as the plateumpire believes that the batter made an honest effort to evade the pitch, first base is awarded to the batter who was struck by the pitch. Failure to do so is rarely called by the plateumpire. A batter being struck by a pitch is frequently the result of the hitter being too near to, or “crowding,” home plate, according to the rules of baseball.

Official rule

According to baseball official rule 5.05(b), a hitter becomes a baserunner and is granted first base if he or his equipment (other than his bat) does any of the following:

  • He is struck by a thrown ball beyond the strike zone
  • He seeks to avoid it (or did not have the opportunity to prevent it)
  • He does not swing at the pitch.

If all of these circumstances are satisfied, the ball is dead, and any other baserunners who are forced to leave their base by the batter taking first are able to advance to second base. A hit by pitch is also called when a pitch comes into contact with a batter’s clothes, according to Rule 5.09(a), which is further clarification. Whenever a hitter swings and the pitch still strikes him, the ball is considered dead and an intentional walk is called. If the batter does not attempt to evade the pitch, he is not given first base, and the pitch is deemed either a strike if it is in the strike zone or a ball if it is outside of the strike zone, depending on where it is thrown.

  1. A notable example of a non-hit by pitch occurred on May 31, 1968, when Don Drysdale hitDick Dietz with a pitch that would have forced in a run and broke Drysdale’s 44-inning scoreless streak.
  2. Hitting the batter by pitch is also possible when the pitch first makes contact with the ground before hitting the batter.
  3. A hitter who is struck by a pitch does not receive credit for a hit or at bat, but rather receives credit for time on base and plate appearance; as a result, being hit by a pitch has no effect on a player’s batting average, but does have an effect on his on-base percentage if he is on base.
  4. An unintentional hit by pitch is recorded as a ball in the pitcher’s pitch count, as by definition the ball must be beyond the strike zone and not have been swung at in it to be considered hit by pitch.

The rule granting first base to a hitter who has been hit by a pitch was originally implemented in 1887, according to Wikipedia.

Tactical use

It is customary and acceptable in baseball to employ inside pitching to keep opponents away from the plate. Many pitchers use brushback pitches, which are pitches aimed beneath the chin, which are frequently referred to as “chin music,” to accomplish this goal. In baseball, the phrase “headhunter” describes pitchers who are known for throwing these kind of pitches in their respective games. Nevertheless, purposefully throwing at a batter is against the law and may be quite hazardous. When an umpire has a reasonable suspicion that a pitcher has intentionally pitched at a hitter, but is not positive, a warning is issued to the pitcher as well as the management of both teams.

  • Serious infractions, such as a ball thrown at the pitcher’s head (known as a beanball), can result in the immediate expulsion of the pitcher, as well as the manager if the beanball was directed by the manager.
  • Unless the umpire is certain that the pitcher was attempting to intentionally hit the batter with the pitch, the pitcher is expelled from the game without warning.
  • on the elbow with the first pitch of the game, which resulted in all of the Braves’ and Marlins’ benches being cleared out of the stadium.
  • Managers can also direct a pitcher to deliver a pitch in this manner (sometimes called a “plunking”).
  • In retribution for this behavior, the other side often hits a batter on the field.

Records

A player who has been struck by a pitch more than once in his career is Hughie Jennings, who was hit by 287 pitches between 1891 and 1903. Currently, the modern-era record is held byCraig Biggioof theHouston Astros, who had 285 hits when he announced his retirement at the end of the 2007 season. The previous modern-era record holder, Don Baylor, had been hit 267 times before Biggio broke it. Jennings also holds the record for most hits in a single season with 51, which he achieved during the 1896 season.

  1. The single-game record is three, which has been held by a number of different players.
  2. Walter Johnson holds the modern-era career pitching record for the most batters he has struck out, with 205, set by the Hall of Famer.
  3. Brady Anderson became the first player in the history of the American League to get hit by a pitch twice in the same inning of a game.
  4. Five players in the National League have been hit by a pitch twice in the same inning this season.
  5. Ed Doheny struck out 22 hitters in 133.2 innings of work in 1900.
  6. Hooks Wiltse and Max Scherzer are responsible for this extraordinary achievement.
  7. Scherzer’s club was up 6-0 when he threw his no-hitter, whereas Wiltse’s team was scoreless through nine innings when he pitched his no-hitter, which was a 1–0 shutout.

Greg Maddux and Randy Johnson both have postseason career records. Tim Wakefield and Shane Victorino, both of whom were hit by pitches nine times apiece, were among the hitters who were struck by pitches.

Dangers

Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians was struck in the head by a pitch on August 16, 1920, and died the following morning. It is possible to get serious injuries by being struck by a pitch, even if you are wearing a batting helmet. On August 18, 1967, a fastball thrown byJack Hamilton of the California Angels struck Red Sox batterTony Conigliarowas almost directly in the left eye, causing him to lose his vision. His cheekbone was broken, and he came close to losing his vision in one eye. He was unable to play for more than a year, and he never regained his previous hitting skills.

  1. When Ron Santo wore an improvised ear flap on his helmet for the first time in 1966, he made history.
  2. KIRBY PUCKETT of the Minnesota Twins was struck with aDennis Martnez fastball in the cheek on September 28, 1995, causing him to fracture his jaw and lose two teeth.
  3. The most recent incident occurred on September 10, 2005, when Mike Piazza, then of the New York Mets, was struck in the head by a pitch from Julián Tavárez of the St.
  4. His helmet was damaged, and he had a concussion as a result.

Legal interpretation

Because inside pitching is a real baseball strategy, courts have acknowledged that getting struck by a pitch is an inherent danger of the game, and as a result, players are not able to claim for any injuries that come from being hit by a pitch. The California Supreme Court declared on April 6, 2006, in a case stemming from a game between community college baseball teams, that baseball players in the state of California incur the risk of being struck by baseballs, even if the balls are purposely thrown with the aim of causing damage.

As a result, it is not the job of tort law to monitor such behavior.”

References

  1. Official Rules of Major League Baseball
  2. Official Rules of Major League Baseball
  3. “Former All-Star catcher Dick Dietz dies”.Atlanta Braves
  4. Divisions of the Code of Conduct
  5. Divisions of the Code of Conduct Chronology of Baseball Rules from 1845 to 1899 | BaseballLibrary.com Archived at the Wayback Machine on August 29, 2014
  6. Mark Bowman is the author of this work (August 15, 2018). “Acuna is out after the first pitch, and the benches are clear.” MLB.com. “Hit by a Pitch Records by Baseball Almanac”.baseball-almanac.com
  7. “Hit Batsmen Records by Baseball Almanac”.baseball-almanac.com
  8. ” Paul Casella is the author of this work (June 11, 2015). “The Most Unconventional No-Hitters” is a phrase that means “the most unusual no-hitters.” Sports on the face of the planet. According to Baseball Reference, “Postseason Pitching Event Finder: From 1903 to 2017, All Teams, Hit By Pitches” was retrieved on June 24, 2017. Citrus Community College District v. Avila, 38 Cal. 4th 148 (2006), which was retrieved on June 19, 2018.
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External links

  • The Hardball Times published an article on the fluctuating HBP rates.

HBP Meaning in Baseball – What does HBP mean in Baseball? HBP Definition

The meaning of HBP is Hits Oy Pitch, and other meanings may be found at the bottom of this page, which are related to baseball terminology, andHBPhas four other definitions. All of the meanings associated with the HBP acronym are found solely within the context of baseball terminology, and no additional meanings are discovered. If you’d like to view more definitions, please visit the HBP definitions section. As a result, you will be sent to a website that contains all of the definitions of HBP.

In addition, you may search for HBP by putting it into the search box that can be found on our website.

HBP Meaning in Baseball

  1. Batters are hit by pitches, batters are hit by pitches, batters are hit by pitches, and batters are hit by pitches.

Please look for the meaning of HBP in Baseball in other sources as well.

  • More about the definition of HBP at Acronym24.com
  • Click here to learn about HBP on Wikipedia. Last but not least, search forHBP Baseball in Google over and over again.

What does HBP stand for Baseball?

Using the HBP acronym in Baseball, we produced a list of search engine searches for the term. In order to make the site more user-friendly, the most commonly asked Baseball HBP acronym queries were picked and presented. We believe you asked a similar HBP inquiry (for Baseball) to the search engine in order to determine the meaning of the HBP full form in Baseball, and we are confident that the following Baseball HBP query list will pique your curiosity.

What does HBP meaning stand for Baseball?

  • “Hit Batters,” as the term stands in baseball, is the meaning of the acronym.

What is HBP definition?

In addition to the meanings of the HBP acronym in baseball, the site has information on other sports. Yes, we are aware that your primary goal is to provide an explanation of the HBP acronym in baseball. However, we believed that, in addition to the meaning of the HBP meanings in Baseball, you might be interested in the astrological information associated with the HBP acronym in Astrology. As a result, the astrological meaning of each word in each HBP abbreviation is also provided.

HBP Abbreviation in Astrology
  • HBP (letter H)You are looking for a partner who can help you improve your reputation and earning potential. Once you have made a commitment to your partner, you will be extremely generous to him or her. Your presents are in fact an investment in your partner’s well-being. Prior to making a commitment, though, you have a tendency to be thrifty in your shopping and dating habits, as well as careful in your sexual participation with others. You have a sensuous and patient nature as a lover
  • HBP (letter B)You exude a sense of laziness and sensuality. You take pleasure in being courted, wined, and dined. As a show of your lover’s affection, you are overjoyed to get gifts as a result of his or her efforts. You desire to be pampered and are well-versed in the art of pampering your partner. You are reserved in your expressions of affection, and this is especially true when it comes to romantic relationships. You’ll put off making a decision until everything satisfies your standards. You have the ability to manage your hunger and abstain from sexual activity if necessary. A fresh set of sensations and experiences is necessary for you. While HBP (letter P) indicates that you are eager to explore, it also indicates that you are highly mindful of social propriety. You wouldn’t consider doing something that may jeopardize your image or reputation under any circumstances. Appearances are important, thus you should choose a companion who is attractive. You will also require a companion who is clever. Contrary to popular belief, you may regard your partner as a potential adversary
  • A successful fight increases the amount of sperm in your system. If you have any sexual reluctance, you are in the minority. You are open to new ideas and prepared to experiment with different approaches. You are a very gregarious and sensual person
  • You take pleasure in flirting and require a great lot of physical satisfaction.

What is HPB baseball? – idswater.com

Generally speaking, a hit-by-pitch happens when a hitter is struck by a pitched ball without making contact with it. As a result of this, he gets granted first base. Hit-by-pitches are superseded by strikes, which means that if the umpire determines that the pitch was in the strike zone or that the hitter swung, the HBP is ruled invalid.

What does FBS in baseball mean?

SB percent is the proportion of stolen bases committed by the opponent. FB stands for the number of fastballs. FBS: The number of fastballs thrown for strikes in a given game. A fastball strike percentage is the percentage of fastballs thrown for strikes.

What does SB in baseball stand for?

Base has been stolen. Base has been stolen (SB)

What is it called when you get hit by a pitch?

When a batter or his clothes or equipment (other than his bat) gets struck directly by a pitch from the pitcher, it is referred to as a hit batsman (in baseball) (HB). A batter being struck by a pitch is frequently the result of the hitter being too near to, or “crowding,” home plate, according to the rules of baseball.

How is HBP calculated for Major League Baseball?

As a result of the substantial fluctuations in hit-by-pitches rates over the years, merely dividing the number of hit-by-pitches by the number of plate appearances to generate an HBP average would not be adequate to meaningfully compare HBP rates across various periods. The burden of HBP is a complicated public health issue that requires a multidisciplinary approach. WHIP vs. TB9 is a battle of wits.

What does HBP stand for in medical terms?

AcronymDefinition HBP Hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure is elevated. HBPHit By Pitch is a trademark of HBPHit By Pitch (baseball) HBP Half-Blood Prince (Half-Blood Prince) (Harry Potter book) HBP Harvard Business Publishing is a business publishing company based in Cambridge, Massachusetts (est. 1994)

What does LHP stand for in Major League Baseball?

K: The ball is out (A backwards K would mean struck out looking) LHP is an abbreviation for left-handed pitcher. LOB: Bases were left on the field. MLB is an abbreviation for Major League Baseball.

What are the abbreviations for base running in baseball?

Abbreviations for the Base Running Stats. Run-ins with the law are known as caught-stealing (CS), and they occur when runners are nabbed while trying to steal bases (also known as tag-outs). After failing to advance to the next base before being tagged out, they were sent to the dugout. R = Runs – Every time a base runner makes it safely back to the starting line, they are awarded with a run scored.

K: The ball is out (A backwards K would mean struck out looking) LHP is an abbreviation for left-handed pitcher. LOB: Bases were left on the field. MLB is an abbreviation for Major League Baseball.

What do the abbreviations stand for in baseball?

To be successful in handicap games, you must be familiar with the jargon and abbreviations used in the industry. You’ll find a collection of regularly used baseball acronyms listed here, which you’ll encounter on stats screens and in boxscores.

What does h, 1 mean in a baseball box score?

In the absence of a copy of the box score, I would guess that the H,1 statistic indicates that a relief pitcher who entered the game in a save situation was in control of the game for one inning. What does the metric H/9 represent in the context of relief pitchers? Answer: H/9 (or H,9) refers to the number of hits allowed in nine innings of pitching.

What does BS stand for in baseball statistics?

When a pitcher enters or starts a game, this number is a strong prediction of how long he or she will last. Relief pitchers are tracked by this statistic, which counts the number of times they enter a game in a save situation only to see the tying run come in and win it.

Does HBP count as BB?

Asked in the following category: General The most recent update was made on May 13th, 2020. The receiving of a base on balls does not count as a hit or as an at bat for a hitter, but it does count as time spent on base and as a plate appearance. Consequently, a base on balls has no effect on a player’s batting average, but it might raise his on-base percentage. Base on balls The ball is dead on an HBP (hit-by-pitch), with the exception of one situation. On the basis of a percentage. On Base Percentage (sometimes known as On Base Average or OBA) is a statistic that indicates how frequently a hitter gets on base.

  1. It is calculated as follows_OBP= (Hits + Walks + Hit by Pitch) / (At Bats + Walks + Hit by Pitch + Sacrifice Flies) at the plate.
  2. A run batted in (also known as RBI) is a point awarded to a hitter for the number of runners who score as a result of a hit, fielder’s choice, out, walk, or home run by the batter.
  3. In baseball, this is referred to as BABIP (batting average on balls in play), which is the frequency with which a hitter reaches a base after placing the ball in the field of play.
  4. You are permitted to circle the base and come to a complete halt.
  5. It makes no difference whether the pitcher is looking at her or not.

Hit By Pitch, Not So Simple

The question was submitted to the category of General. The most recent update was made on May 13th, 2019. When a batter receives a hit or an at bat, the time on base and plate appearance are counted as hits and at bats, respectively. The result is that an extra hit does not alter the batting average of a player, but it does raise his on-base percentage. It is important to note that the ball is dead on an HBP (hit-by-pitch). Percentage based on the starting point When a hitter reaches base, it is referred to as On Base Percentage (also known as On Base Average or OBA).

To put it another way, the whole formula isOBP= (Hits + Walks + Hit by Pitch) / (At Bats plus Walks plus Hit by Pitch + Sacrifice Flies) Is an HBP also an RBI, which raises the following question: The number of runners who score as a result of a hit, fielder’s choice, out, walk, or hit-by-pitch by the batter is credited to the hitter with a run batted in (also known as RBI).

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BB– Base on balls (also known as a “walk”).

During a walk, are you allowed to go to second base?

When this is done, either move to second or retreat to the first position. It makes no difference whether or not the pitcher is staring at her. As long as the pitcher holds the ball in the circle and you walk to first and stop on the bag, the runner cannot get away.

IF A BATTER IS HIT BY A PITCH WHEN:

  • Posted under the category of General The most recent update was made on May 13, 2020. When a hitter receives a hit or an at bat, the time on base and plate appearance are counted as part of the batter’s total. The result is that an extra hit does not change the batting average of a player, but it might raise his on-base percentage. On an HBP (hit-by-pitch), the ball is dead, with one exception. Based on a base percentage. On Base Percentage (sometimes known as On Base Average or OBA) is a statistic that indicates how often a hitter gets on base. It is roughly equivalent to the number of times a player appears on the base/plate. The whole formula is OBP= (Hits + Walks + Hit by Pitch) / (At Bats + Walks + Hit by Pitch + Sacrifice Flies). As a result, the issue arises: Is an HBP an RBI? A run batted in (also known as RBI) is a point awarded to a hitter for the amount of runners who score as a result of a hit, fielder’s choice, out, walk, or HBP by the batter. The question is sometimes posed, “What exactly is a BB in baseball statistics?” A base on balls (sometimes known as a “walk”) occurs when a batter does not swing at four pitches that are deemed out of the strike zone and is awarded first base. In baseball, this is referred to as BABIP (batting average on balls in play), which measures the frequency with which a hitter reaches a base after placing the ball in the field of play. Is it possible to stroll to second base? You are permitted to go around the base and come to a complete halt. Then you may either go to second or retreat to the first. It doesn’t matter whether or not the pitcher is staring at her. As long as the pitcher holds the ball in the circle and you walk to first and stop on the bag, the runner will not be able to escape.
Ruling:Dead ball, strike
  • During this time, the hitter is legally standing in the batter’s box and is in the act of bringing his bat back (and not attempting to hit or bunt):
Ruling:Dead ball, HBP, batter awarded 1B, runners advance if forced

  • As long as the hitter is lawfully standing in the batter’s box and not attempting to hit or bunt, he is in the act of drawing his bat back.
Ruling:Strike, dead ball
  • The batter, while lawfully standing in the batter’s box (not attempting to hit or bunt), and while the batter does not make a proper attempt to dodge the pitch, is considered to have done the following:
Ruling:Dead ball, ball on batter
  • The batter has one foot on the ground completely outside of the batter’s box, and the batter attempts to dodge the pitch by doing the following:
Ruling:Dead ball, HBP, batter awarded 1B, runners advance if forced
  • He offers at the pitch with one foot on the ground completely outside the batter’s box, and the ball comes into contact with his bat like follows:
Ruling:Dead ball, batter is out
  • He offers at the pitch with one foot on the ground completely outside the batter’s box, and the ball comes into contact with his bat as follows:
Ruling: Batter not considered touched by a pitched ball

He offers at the pitch with one foot on the ground completely outside the batter’s box, and the ball comes into contact with his bat:

Hit By Pitch vs Home Runs » Baseball-Reference Blog

This study discovered a somewhat substantial association between HBP rates and heart rate rates. This isn’t altogether unexpected, to be honest. When one or more home runs are hit, a significant proportion of hitters are hit by pitches, therefore when there are more home runs, there are more batters who are hit by pitches. To see the statistics in further depth, please continue reading. Here’s a scatter plot of heart rate vs heart rate variability for each season since 1901: Isn’t it true that this layout appears like a smile?

  1. When I initially looked at this figure, I was taken aback by the fact that HBP rates were greater at both low and high heart rates.
  2. The link between high HR rates and higher HBP rates is obvious—as I mentioned before, more batters get hit after home runs, and so more home runs equals more HBP.
  3. But then I went back and looked at the raw data again.
  4. The prevalence of HBP was fairly high at the time.
  5. I’m not sure why HBP rates began out so high and then dropped so slowly, but it took another 20+ years (until the mid-1940s) for HBP rates to reach their lowest point in the United States.
  6. All of the points to the left of the 0.3 HR per game mark date back to 1920 or before.
  7. The left oval is the one I was referring to earlier—the section of baseball history before to 1921 that had a low heart rate, which dates back to 1901.

Comparatively to the other ovals, HBP rates are rather low when HR rates are varied across a wide range (roughly from 0.3 per game up to slightly about 1.0 each game).

It is important to note that none of the heart rates for any of these three ovals overlap.

Two spots, on the other hand, were missed by my ovals, as observant viewers will see.

Take a look at the outlier in the lower right-hand side of the chart.

What year do you believe it to be?

Yes, it is the year 1987.

In that particular year, something strange was happening.

In 1986, they were 0.19 per game, 0.22 in 1988, and 0.19 each game in 1987, with the latter being the most recent year available.

It’s difficult to tell.

What year was it, exactly?

We already know that offensive levels were at their lowest point since before 1994 this year.

What does this teach us about ourselves?

Home run rates declined, as did the number of home runs batted in, although not by as much as we might have expected.

It was published on Monday, November 8th, 2010 at 7:24 am and is filed under Uncategorized. This article will be updated when new answers are posted to this entry’sRSS 2.0feed. Commenting and pinging are temporarily closed for this post.

CEB Abbreviations

ANALYSIS STATISTICS
Avg against left-handed pitchers
Avg against right-handed pitchers
Avg whenleading off an inning
Avg whenbatting with 2 outs
Avg whenbatting with runners on base
Avg whenbatting with bases empty
Avg whenbatting with runners on 2nd or 3rd base
Number of groundouts (includes SACs, but not errors)
Number of fly outs(incudes SFs, but not errors)
Fly outs to groundouts ratio
Avg as pinch hitter
with runners in scoring pos Avg whenbatting with runners in scoring positions
w/rnr on 3rd and LT 2 outs Avg whenbatting with runner on third base and less than 2 outs
Avg whenbatting with 2 outs
Runs batted in with 2 outs
Success advancing runners
Number of timesbatter made an out and advanced at least 1 runner
Number of runnersleft on base by last batter of inning
Reach first base on error
Reach first base on fielder’s choice
Strikeouts look

Baseball Abbreviations

Tony Gwynn had another outstanding season in 1997, with 592 at-bats and 220 strikeouts, and an avg of.372, which was the best in the National League. Which of these abbreviations do all of these letters stand for? The Baseball Almanac is glad to give a standard collection of acronyms that are seen and used in print on a regular basis in the sport of baseball.

Baseball Stats

Baseball Abbreviations 101
Offensive Abbreviations for Statistics
ABBBAVGCS2BGIDP GRSLHBPHHRRHRIBBISO LOB OBPOPSRRBISFSHSSLGSB%SBRSBSOTB3B At BatsBases on Balls (Walks)Batting AverageCaught StealingDoublesGround into Double Plays Grand SlamsHit by PitchHitsHome Run RatioHome RunsIntentionalBasesonBalls(Walks)Isolated Power Left on Base On-Base PercentageOn-Base Plus SluggingRunsRuns Batted InSacrifice FliesSacrifice Hits (Bunts)SinglesSlugging PercentageStolen Base PercentageStolen Base RunsStolen BasesStrikeoutsTotal BasesTriples
Pitching Abbreviations for Statistics
AOBB BFPBKCBOCGCGLERERAGFGOGOAOGPGSHHBPHRIBBIPIRAIPSLMB9OBAPARRPFRWS/SHOSOSVSVOTBWWP Fly Outs (Air)Walks (Bases on Balls) Batters Facing PitcherBalksCombined ShutoutComplete GamesComplete Game LossesEarned RunsEarned Run AverageGames FinishedGround OutsGround Outs / Fly Outs RatioGames PlayedGames StartedHitsHit BattersHome RunsIntentional WalksInnings PitchedInherited Runs AllowedInnings Per StartLossesBaserunners Per 9 InningsOpponents’ Batting AveragePlate AppearancesRunsRelief FailuresRelief WinsShutoutsStrikeoutsSavesSave OpportunitiesTotal BasesWinsWild Pitches
Defensive Abbreviations for Statistics
ACSDPEGPOFAPBPKPOSBTCTP AssistsCaught StealingDouble PlaysErrorsGames PlayedOutfield AssistsPassed BallsPickoffsPutoutsStolen Bases Total ChancesTriple Plays
Miscellaneous Abbreviations for Statistics
ML SER Major League Service
Baseball Stats Abbreviations 101

The “common” set has several variations (DO Doubles, TR Triples, etc.), but these are the ones that are regarded “official” and are the ones that are used here at Baseball Almanac, among other places. Did you know that the National Association (a non-official league that gave rise to the National Leagueofficial )’s statistics were destroyed in a fire in the early 1900’s? Major League Baseball organized a Special Baseball Records Committee in the 1960s to examine the irregular records that had been kept previous to the 1920 season.

Sports

Definitions of Baseball Terms % Inherited Scored A Relief Pitching statistic indicating the percentage of runners on base at the time a relief pitcher enters a game that he allows to score. 1st Batter OBP The On-Base Percentage allowed by a relief pitcher to the first batter he faces in a game. Active Career Batting Leaders Minimum of 1,000 At Bats required for Batting Average, On-Base Percentage, Slugging Percentage, At Bats Per HR, At Bats Per GDP, At Bats Per RBI, and K/BB Ratio.

One hundred (100) Stolen Base Attempts required for Stolen Base Success %.

Two hundred fifty (250) Games Started required for Complete Game Frequency.

Any player who appeared in 1995 is eligible for inclusion provided he meets the category’s minimum requirements. BA ScPos Allowed Batting Average Allowed with Runners in Scoring Position. Baserunners per Nine Innings These are the hits, walks and hit batsmen allowed per nine innings. Bases Loaded This category shows a player’s batting average in bases loaded situation. Batting Average Hits divided by At Bats. Bequeathed Runners Any runner(s) on base when a pitcher leaves a game are considered bequeathed to the departing hurler; the opposite of inherited runners (see below). Blown Saves This is charged any time a pitcher comes into a game where a save situation is in place and he loses the lead. Catcher’s ERA The Earned Run Average of a club’s pitchers with a particular catcher behind the plate.

To figure this for a catcher, multiply the Earned Runs Allowed by the pitchers while he was catching times nine and divide that by his number of Innings Caught. Cheap Wins/Tough Losses/Top Game Scores First determine the starting pitcher’s Game Score as follows:

  1. Start with a number of 50
  2. The starting pitcher gets one point for every strikeout he records
  3. After the fourth inning, add 2 points for each additional inning the pitcher goes on to complete. For each strikeout, add one point to your total. For each hit that is permitted, deduct two points. For each earned run that is permitted, subtract 4 points. Add 2 points to account for an unearned run. For each stroll, deduct one point from your total.

If the starting pitcher scores over 50 and loses, it’s a Tough Loss. If he wins with a game score under 50, it’s a Cheap Win. Cleanup Slugging% The Slugging Percentage of a player when batting fourth in the batting order. Clutch This category shows a player’s batting average in the late innings of close games: the seventh inning or later with the batting team ahead by one, tied, or has the tying run on base, at bat or on deck. Complete Game Frequency Complete Games divided by Games Started. Defensive Batting Average A composite statistic incorporating various defensive statistics to arrive at a number akin to batting average.

The formula uses standard deviations to establish a spread from best to worst. Earned Run Average (Earned Runs times 9) divided by Innings Pitched. Fast-A Otherwise known as “Advanced A,” these A-level minor leagues are the California League, Carolina League and Florida Stat League. Favorite Toy The Favorite Toy is a method that is used to estimate a player’s chance of getting to a specific goal in the following example, we’ll say 3,000 hits.Four things are considered:

  1. Needed Hits – the number of hits required to get the desired result. (Of course, this could also be “Need Home Runs” or “Need Doubles” – whatever you choose to call it.)
  2. Years Remaining in the Contract. The formula 24-.6 is used to estimate the number of years that will be required to achieve the target (age). As a result of this approach, players under the age of 20 have 12.0 seasons left on their contract. Players under the age of 25 have nine seasons left on their contract, players under 30 have 6.0 seasons left on their contract, and players over 35 have just three season left on their contract. Any athlete who is currently actively participating in competitive sports is presumed to have at least 1.5 seasons left, regardless of his or her age. Hit Level has been established. For 1996, the established hit level would be calculated by multiplying 1993 hits by two times 1994 hits by three times 1995 hits by six, and then dividing the result by six. A player, on the other hand, cannot have an established performance level that is less than three-fourths of his most recent performance level
  3. For example, a player who had 200 hits in 1995 cannot have an established hit level that is less than 150
  4. Hits that are expected to be made in the future. This is calculated by multiplying the second number (the number of ears left) by the third number (the established hit level)

Once you have obtained the projected remaining hits, the probability of achieving the objective is calculated as (projected remaining hits) divided by (require hits), minus.5. If your “require hits” and your “projected remaining hits” are the same, you have a 50 percent probability of achieving your target using this technique of calculation. If your anticipated remaining hits are 20 percent greater than your required hits, you have a 70 percent probability of achieving your target in time. There are two specific rules, as well as a note:

  1. Assuming you have obtained the projected remaining hits, the probability of reaching the target is calculated as (projected remaining hits) divided by (require hits), minus.5. If your “require hits” and your “projected remaining hits” are the same, you have a 50 percent probability of achieving your objective with this strategy, according to the formula. Your chances of achieving the target are 70 percent if your anticipated remaining hits are 20 percent greater than your required hits (see example below). In addition to two specific regulations, there is one more point to consider:
Fielding Percentage (Putouts plus Assists) divided by (Putouts plus Assists plus Errors). First Batter Efficiency This statistic tells you the batting average allowed by a relief pitcher to the first batter he faces. GDP per GDP Situation A GDP situation exists any time there is a man on first with less than two outs. This statistic measures how often a player grounds into a double play in that situation. Go-Ahead RBI Any time a player drives in a run which gives his team the lead, he is credited with a go-ahead RBI. Ground/Fly Ratio (Grd/Fly) Simply a hitter’s ground balls divided by his fly balls.

  1. During the seventh inning or later, the batting side is either up by one run, tied, or has a possible tying run on base, at the plate, or on deck
  2. The game is over

Note: this situation is very similar to the characteristics of a Save Situation. Leadoff On Base% The On-Base Percentage of a player when batting first in the batting order. No Decision (ND) The result when a starter is credited with neither a win nor a loss. OBP+SLUG (OPS) On-base percentage plus slugging percentage. Offensive Winning Percentage (OWP) The Winning Percentage a team of nine Fred McGriffs (or anybody) would compile against average pitching and defense.

The formula: (Runs Created per 27 outs) divided by the League average of runs scored per game.

“Hold Percentage” is computed by dividing extra bases taken (by baserunners) by the number of opportunities.

Note: such plays are often referred to as pickoffs, but appear in official records as Caught Stealings.

Pickoff (fielding play 1-3 being the most common) is not an official statistic. Percentage of Pitches Taken This tells you how often a player lets a pitch go by without swinging. Percentage of Swings Put In Play This tells you how often a player hits the ball into fair territory, or is retired on a foul-ball out, when he swings. Pickoffs (Pk) The number of times a runner was picked off base by a pitcher. Pivot Percentage The number of double plays turned by a second baseman as the pivot man, divided by the number of opportunities. PkOf Throw/Runner The number of pickoff throws made by a pitcher divided by the number of runners on first base. Plate Appearances At Bats plus Total Walks plus Hit By Pitcher plus Sacrifice Hits plus Sacrifice Flies plus Times Reached on Defensive Interference. Power/Speed Number A way to look at power and speed in one number.

A player must score high in both areas to earn a high Power/Speed Number.The formula: (HR x SB x 2) divided by (HR + SB). Quality Start Any start in which a pitcher works six or more innings while allowing three or fewer earned runs. Quick Hooks and Slow Hooks A Quick Hook is the removal of a pitcher who has pitched less than 6 innings and given up 3 runs or less.

A Slow Hook occurs when a pitcher pitches more than 9 innings, or allows 7 or more runs, or whose combined innings pitched and runs allowed totals 13 or more. Range Factor The number of Chances (Putouts plus Assists) times nine divided by the number of Defensive Innings Played.

The average for a Regular Player at each position in 1997:

  • 5.00 points for second base, 2.67 points for third base, 4.56 points for shortstop, and 1.99 points for left field, 2.55 points for center field, and 2.06 points for right field.
Relief Points (Pts) Wins plus saves minus losses Run Support Per 9 IP The number of runs scored by a pitcher’s team while he was still in the game times nine divided by his Innings Pitched. Runs Created A way to combine a batter’s total offensive contributions into one number. The formula:(H + BB + HBP – CS – GIDP) times (Total Bases +.26(TBB – IBB + HBP) +.52(SH + SF + SB)) divided by (AB + TBB + HBP + SH + SF). Runs/Times on Base This is calculated by dividing Runs Scored by Times on Base Save Percentage Saves (SV) divided by Save Opportunities (OP). Save Situation A Relief Pitcher is in a Save Situation when upon entering the game with his club leading, he has the opportunity to be the finishing pitcher (and is not the winning pitcher of record at the time), and meets any one of the three following conditions:

  1. He enters the game with a lead of no more than three runs and has the opportunity to pitch for at least one inning, or he enters the game with the potential tying run on base, at bat, or on deck, regardless of the count, or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save
  2. Or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save
SBA Stolen-base attempts against a catcher SB Success% Stolen Bases divided by (Stolen Bases plus Caught Stealing). Secondary Average A way to look at a player’s extra bases gained, independent of Batting Average. The formula:(Total Bases – Hits + TBB + SB) divided by At Bats. Slow-A Otherwise known as “Regular A,” these full-season minor leagues contain less-experienced professional players.

Slugging Percentage Total Bases divided by At Bats. Stolen Base Percentage Allowed This figure indicates how successful opposing baserunners are when attempting a stolen base.

Formulas and Definitions PA AB + BB + HBP + SF + SH + defensive interference PA* AB + BB + HBP + SF Total Bases AVG H/AB OBP (H + BB = HBP)/(AB + BB + HBP + SF) SLG TB/AB Breakdown Categories Ahead/Behind in Count For hitters, ahead in count includes 1-0, 2-0, 3-0, 2-1 and 3-1.

Behind in count for hitters includes 0-1, 0-2, 1-2 and 2-2.

Therefore, a game at 5:30 in Yankee Stadium is a day game while one in Shea Stadium at the same time is a night game.

Turf is artificial turf. Groundball/Flyball Ratio A hitter’s stats against pitchers that induce mostly grounders or flies, respectively.

If it is greater than 1.50, he is a Groundball hitter.

Same cutoffs apply for classifying pitchers.

  • For a batter to be considered a “Hits Best Against” candidate, there must be at least 10 plate appearances between him and the pitcher
  • And for a pitcher to be considered a “Pitches Best Against” candidate, the batter must have a.300 batting average against the pitcher, and the pitcher must limit the batting average of the batter to under.250.

Thus, not all hitters will have five pitchers that qualify and not all pitchers will have five batters who qualify. Scoring Position At least one runner must be at either second or third base. Vs. 1st Batr (Relief) Describes what happened to the first batter a reliever faces.

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