Perfect game (baseball) – Wikipedia
In Major League Baseball, a perfect game is defined as a game in which a pitcher (or combination of pitchers) throws nine innings without allowing a hitter from the opposing side to reach any base at all. The perfect game is one in which no opposition player is allowed to reach base by any means, including nohits, walks, hit batters, uncaught third strikes, catcher’s interference, fielder’s interference, or fielding mistakes; in other words, “27 up, 27 down” is the goal (for a nine-inning game).
It goes without saying that a perfect game is also an ano-hitter.
A fielding error that prevents a hitter from reaching first base, such as a misplayed foul ball, does not void a perfect game’s integrity.
Perfect games are not considered to be games in which a team reaches first base only after extra innings have been played.
Although it is theoretically feasible for numerous pitchers to combine for a perfect game (as has happened 11 times in Major League Baseball no-hitters), every MLB perfect game has been pitched by a single pitcher to this point in the league’s history.
The word “perfect game” first appeared in literature in 1908, according to the first documented occurrence. It was described as “an absolutely perfect game” by I. E. Sanborn in his report for the Chicago Tribune about Addie Joss’s performance against the White Sox: “an absolutely perfect game in which there were no runs, no hits, and no opponent reaching first base by hook or crook by way of hit, walk or error in nine innings.” Several sources suggest that the term “perfect game” was first used in connection to Charlie Robertson’s 1922 perfect game by Ernest J.
Lanigan in hisBaseball Cyclopedia, which was published in 1922.
Larsen happened to be in attendance when Yankee pitcher David Conet pitched a perfect game in 1999 on the same day that Larsen and Yogi Berra (the catcher in the 1956 perfect game) were asked to throw out the ceremonial first pitch at the World Series.
A perfect game in Major League Baseball was recently achieved by Felix Hernández of the Seattle Mariners against the Tampa Bay Rays. The 15th of August, 2012. He struck out the side twice and finished with a total of twelve strikeouts in the 1–0 victory.
Rule definition by MLB
As of 2021, the Major League Baseball will be renamed the National League Baseball. The decision by the Major League Baseball Committee for Statistical Accuracy on September 4, 1991, to define ano-hitter as a game in which the pitcher or pitchers on one team throw a complete game of nine innings or more without surrendering a hit is largely responsible for the definition of a perfect game. Several games that had previously appeared in the record books were erased as a result of this decision, including those that lasted less than nine innings and those in which a team went hitless in regulation but then got a hit in extra innings.
- Haddix’s performance is no longer recognized as such as a consequence of the 1991 redefinition.
- Due to this regulation, it is possible for a team to score a run (by hitting in the free baserunner on a sacrifice fly, for example) without any players ever making it all the way to second base.
- The run would be recorded as unearned if it was scored.
- Another regulation change that will take effect in 2020 states that games that are played as part of a doubleheader will only be seven innings in length.
- However, if a doubleheader game were to go into at least two extra innings and one side still failed to reach first base, the game would be deemed a perfect game and the team would be awarded the victory.
In other leagues
Hope Trautweint, a softball pitcher for the University of North Texas, had a perfect game on April 11, 2021, facing 21 hitters and striking out all 21 of them. It was the first seven-inning perfect game in NCAA Division I history in which every out was recorded by a strikeout. In 1957, Angel Macas of the Monterrey, Mexico, squad threw the only perfect game in the history of the Little League World Series Championship Series.
- Armando Galarraga’s nearly flawless performance
- The eight-ender in curling, the golden set in tennis, the maximum break in snooker, and the nine-dart finish in darts are all examples of eight-enders. In bowling, you have a perfect game
- Madden, William (September 12, 2008). “Don Larsen’s Perfect Game is Yogi Berra’s favorite stadium moment,” according to the New York Times. The New York Times (Daily News). MLB Advanced Media (2019). “MLB Official Info”. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved February 5, 2010. “MLB Miscellany: Rules, Regulations, and Statistics,” which was retrieved on July 14, 2019, was also retrieved. Major League Baseball is a professional baseball league in the United States. Major League Baseball’s “History of No-Hitters” was published on August 20, 2007, and can be found here. Deutsch and colleagues (1975), p. 68, were able to be retrieved on August 22, 2007. This source also has a piece from the New York Herald dated 1880, which describes Lee Richmond’s perfect game for the Worcestershires. An error by Cleveland resulted in the lone run scoring, and the writer characterized it as “the only lapse from perfect play made by the Clevelands during the game”
- The writer’s use of the word “perfect” in this context refers only to defensive play, which is a different meaning than the word “perfect” in modern baseball, as Cleveland’s pitcher also surrendered three hits and a walk in the game. See, for example, Deutsch et al. (1975), page 14. The Ward perfect game of 1880 and the Young perfect game of 1904 are both described as “wonderful” and other effusive terms, but neither is referred to as a “perfect game”
- Buckley (2002), p. 16, citing Paul Dickson, The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (1989)
- Coffey (2004), p. 50. Buckley (2002), p. 16, citing Paul Dickson, The Dickson Baseball Dictionary (1989). TheBaseball Cyclopediareference was included in a supplement to the 1922 edition of the book (which was published by Baseball Magazine) and was written as follows: “Charles Robertson of the Chicago Americans pitched an absolutely perfect no-hit game against the Detroit Tigers on April 30, 1922, with no one reaching first base.” As of that moment, there had been a total of five perfect games, including Robertson’s. The newspaper used the word “perfect game” casually, which may have indicated that the term was already well-known to the audience. While Lanigan’s work makes use of a 1914 book titledBalldomas a source for his list of perfect games,Balldomitself does not use the phrase “perfect game,” instead describing the games as “no batter reached first base,” which is a more accurate description. Lanigan was obviously aware with Sanborn’s baseball writings, as seen by his numerous allusions to him throughout the Cyclopedia, however there is no evidence that Sanborn was the inspiration for Lanigan’s usage of the word
- In Buckley (2002), p. 15
- In “David Cone Perfect Game Box Score by Baseball Almanac”, Baseball-almanac.com, 1999-07-18
- In “Dennis Martinez Perfect Game Box Score by Baseball Almanac”, Baseball-almanac.com, 1999-07-18
- In “Len Barker Perfect Game Box Score by Baseball Almanac”, Baseball-almanac.com, 1999-07-18
- In “Félix Hernández Perfect Game Box (April 11, 2021). The article states that “North Texas softball pitcher Hope Trautwein strikes out all 21 batters in the perfect game.” ESPN
- s^ Jim Morrison is a member of the Morrison family (April 5, 2010). “The only perfect game in the history of the Little League World Series.” Smithsonian.com. Obtainable on September 28, 2015
- Mark Alvarez is the editor of this work (1993). This book, published by the Society for American Baseball Research (SAR), is a classic collection of facts, figures, stories, and characters about baseball (Taylor). Anderson, David W. (ISBN 0-87833-815-2)
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- (2002). Perfect: The Inside Story of Baseball’s Seventeen Perfect Games (Triumph Books).ISBN1-57243-454-6
- Chen, Albert Perfect: The Inside Story of Baseball’s Seventeen Perfect Games (Triumph Books).ISBN1-57243-454-6 (2009). “The Greatest Game Ever Pitched,” Sports Illustrated (June 1
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- (2004). The book 27 Men Out: Baseball’s Perfect Games (New York: Atria Books) has the ISBN 0-7434-4606-2
- Cook, William A. The Perfect Game in Baseball (New York: Atria Books).ISBN0-7434-4606-2 (2004). Waite Hoyt: A Biography of the Yankees’ Schoolboy Wonder (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2007).ISBN0786419601
- Deutsch, Jordan A. et al. Waite Hoyt: A Biography of the Yankees’ Schoolboy Wonder (1975). Tom Deveaux’s The Scrapbook History of Baseball (New York: Bobbs-Merrill, ISBN 0-672-52028-1) and The Scrapbook History of Baseball (New York: Bobbs-Merrill, ISBN 0-672-52028-1) (2001). The Washington Senators, 1901–1971 (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, ISBN 0-7864-0993-2)
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- Elston, Gene (Base Ball on the Western Reserve: The Early Game in Cleveland and Northeast Ohio, Year by Year and Town by Town, 1865–1900). (2006). 3rd edition of A Stitch in Time: A Baseball Chronology (Houston, Tex.: Halcyon Press). ISBN1-931823-33-2
- Fleitz, David L. ISBN1-931823-33-2
- Fleitz, David L. (2004). Forker, Dom, Robert Obojski, and Wayne Stewart (eds.) Ghosts in the Gallery at Cooperstown: Sixteen Little-Known Members of the Hall of Fame (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, ISBN 0-7864-1749-8)
- Forker, Dom, Robert Obojski, and Wayne Stewart (eds.) Ghosts in the Gallery at Cooperstown: Sixteen Little-Known Members of the Hall of Fame (Jefferson, N. (2004). The Big Book of Baseball Brainteasers (Sterling).ISBN1-4027-1337-1
- Gallagher, Mark. The Big Book of Baseball Brainteasers (Sterling).ISBN1-4027-1337-1 (2003). New York: The Yankee Encyclopedia, 6th edition (Champaign, Ill.: Sports Publishing LLC). Hanlon, John
- Hanlon, John (1968). “First Perfect Game in the Major Leagues,” Sports Illustrated (August 26
- Holtzman, Jerome. “First Perfect Game in the Major Leagues” (2003). “Pitching Perfection Is in the Eye of the Beholder,” Baseball Digest (June
- James, Bill. “Pitching Perfection Is in the Eye of the Beholder,” Baseball Digest (June
- Available online). The Revised Edition of The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract (Simon and Schuster, 2003). The ISBN number is 0-7432-2722-0, and the author is Kostya Kennedy (1996). The Sports Illustrated article “His Memory Is Perfect” (October 14
- Accessible online) and Lewis, Allen (2002). Baseball Digest (February
- Lupica, Mike. “Tainted No-Hitters,” Baseball Digest (February
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- (2003). The Los Angeles Dodgers Encyclopedia, 2nd edition (Champaign, Ill.: Sports Publishing LLC). ISBN1-58261-633-7
- David Nemec
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- (1989). Jim Reisler’s Baseball Anecdotes (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-504396-0)
- Baseball Anecdotes (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press) (2007). (New York: CarrollGraf, ISBN0-7867-1943-5
- Robbins, Mike, The Best Game Ever: Pirates vs. Yankees, October 13, 1960, ISBN0-7867-1943-5 (2004). Close Calls with Baseball Immortality: Ninety-Feet from Baseball Infamy (New York: CarrollGraf). Schneider, Russell (ISBN 0-7867-1335-6)
- ISBN 0-7867-1335-6 (2005). Sports Publishing LLC (Champaign, Illinois), ISBN 1-58261-840-2
- Schott, Tom, and Nick Peters (The Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia, 3rd ed). (2003). The Giants Encyclopedia (Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing LLC), ISBN 1-58261-693-0
- Simon, Thomas P., ed., The Giants Encyclopedia (Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing LLC), ISBN 1-58261-693-0
- (2004). ISBN 1-57488-860-9
- Deadball Stars of the National League (Brassey’s).ISBN 1-57488-860-9
- Sullivan, Dean, ed. Deadball Stars of the National League (2002). Late Innings: A Documentary History of Baseball, 1945–1972 (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 0-8032-9285-6)
- Thielman, Jim (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 0-8032-9285-6). (2005). Cool of the Evening: The 1965 Minnesota Twins (Minneapolis, Minn.: Kirk House Publishers, ISBN 1886513716)
- Vass, George. Cool of the Evening: The 1965 Minnesota Twins (1998). The article “Here Are the 13 Most Fascinating No-Hitters,” published in Baseball Digest (June), is written by George Vass (2002). In “Baseball Digest” (August
- Accessible online), Vass, George discusses the “Seven Most Improbable No-Hitters” (2007). “One Out Away from Fame: The Final Out in Hitless Games Has Often Proved to Be a Pitcher’s Toughest Conquest,”Baseball Digest (June
- Westcott, Rich, “One Out Away from Fame,”Baseball Digest (June
- (2005). Veterans Stadium is known as the “Field of Memories” (Philadelphia: Temple University Press). ISBN1-59213-428-9
- Young, Mark C. ISBN1-59213-428-9 (1997). The Guinness Book of World Records in Sports (Guinness Media). Zingg, Paul J., and Mark D. Medeiros are the authors of ISBN 0-9652383-1-8. (1994). An era, a league, and a run of runs: the Pacific Coast League, 1903–1958 (Champaign: University of Illinois Press). ISBN0-252-06402-X
- Games that are just right There are links to box scores for both official and unauthorized games on the Baseball Almanac website. Pitchers who have retired at least 27 consecutive hitters over the course of two or more games are eligible. Keith Woolner’s essay in Baseball Prospectus on “secret” perfect games (as well as the follow-up) is worth reading. Rare Abilities: Games that are just right MLB.com provides links to archival video and audio snippets
What is a Perfect Game in Baseball – What Makes it Rare?
A no-hitter in baseball is a thrilling experience for both fans and players. The perfect game, which is even more unusual than a no-hitter by a pitcher, is a game in which everything goes perfectly. So, what precisely is a perfect game, what are some well-known perfect games, and what more should you know? Continue reading to find out more.
What is a Perfect Game in Baseball?
Perfect games in baseball are when one or more pitchers throw a complete game without giving up a hit or allowing anybody to reach second base while no one else is on base. A perfect game is defined as one in which there are no hits or walks, no hit batsmen, no fielding mistakes that let a player to reach second base, no uncaught third strikes, and no interference. That implies that a perfect game is as much the success of a pitcher as it is the defense’s ability to make every play that is hit to them.
Despite the fact that a game may continue into extra innings, a perfect game is still achieved if the baserunners do not advance past first base until the extra innings.
Early History of the Perfect Game
Perfect games in baseball are when one or more pitchers pitch a complete game without giving up a hit or allowing anybody to reach second base while the game is still in progress. It is impossible to have a perfect game if there are no hits or walks, no hit batsmen, no fielding mistakes that allow a player to reach second or third base, no uncaught third strikes, or any interference. To put it another way, pitching a perfect game is as much of a feat as the defense’s ability to field every pitch that is hit to them.
What is the Difference Between a No-Hitter and a Perfect Game in Baseball?
The fundamental distinction between a no-hitter and a perfect game comes down to whether or not runners are allowed to reach base. When a pitcher throws a no-hitter and only walks three hitters in nine innings, he is considered successful. A perfect game, on the other hand, indicates that the pitcher, or pitchers, faced 27 hitters and struck out each and every one of them without allowing them to reach base. The legendary pitcher Cy Young pitched three no-hitters throughout his professional baseball career, with just one of them being an absolute gem known as a perfect game.
How Rare is a Perfect Game?
In baseball, perfect games are extremely unusual. As of August 2021, there have only been 23 perfect games ever played in Major League Baseball history, and just 21 since the beginning of the modern era of baseball in 1901, according to Baseball Reference. A perfect game can be thrown by a combination of numerous pitchers, but to date, every perfect game in Major League Baseball has been thrown by a single pitcher. In the Major League Baseball, there hasn’t been a perfect game in recent years.
Has Anyone Thrown a Perfect Game in a World Series Game?
In the history of the World Series, just one perfect game has ever been recorded. This particular pitch was thrown by Don Larsen for the New York Yankees in a 1956 game against the Brooklyn Dodgers.
Has There Ever Been a 27 Strikeout Baseball Game?
Another outstanding accomplishment, a 27-strikeout performance, has only occurred once in the history of professional baseball. Ron Necciai pitched a nine-inning game in 1952 in which he struck out 27 hitters and did not allow a single hit. At the time of his historic achievement, Necciai was only 19 years old and playing minor league baseball for the Pittsburgh Pirates. In fact, he was experiencing stomach discomfort throughout the game.
Other Notable Perfect Games
- The only time a 27-strikeout game has occurred in professional baseball history is another outstanding accomplishment. Ron Necciai pitched a nine-inning game in 1952 in which he struck out 27 hitters and allowed no hits. While playing in the minor leagues for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Necciai made history as a 19-year-old rookie. During the game, he was even complaining of stomach pains.
- Father of seven children Jim Bunning pitched a perfect game for the Philadelphia Phillies on Father’s Day in 1964
- He was the father of seven children.
- Sandy Koufax became the first major league pitcher to throw four no-hitters when he did it in 1951.
- At the age of 22 years and 30 days, Jim “Catfish” Hunter of the Oakland Athletics became the youngest pitcher to pitch a perfect game in the modern era
- He did it in 1968.
- When Jim “Catfish” Hunter of the Oakland Athletics pitched a perfect game in 1968, he was 22 years and 30 days old, he set the record for the youngest pitcher to do it in modern-era baseball.
- Tom Browning of the Cincinnati Reds became the 12th pitcher to throw a perfect game in 1988. On artificial turf, this flawless match was the first of its kind to be played.
- Dennis Martinez threw the 13th perfect game in Major League Baseball history in 1991. He made history by being the first pitcher born outside of the United States to throw a perfect game in Major League Baseball.
- David Wells became the 15th pitcher in Major League Baseball history to throw a perfect game in 1998. He claimed to have had a horrible hangover throughout the game, yet he still managed to pitch a perfect game despite his state of mind.
- David Cone threw the 16th perfect game in baseball history while playing for the New York Yankees fourteen months later, in 1999. The game took place at Yankee Stadium in New York versus the Montreal Expos of the National League.
- Until 2004, Randy Johnson of the Arizona Diamondbacks had been the oldest pitcher to throw a perfect game, having done it at the age of 40, surpassing Cy Young’s previous mark of 37 years.
- A perfect game was pitched by Roy Halladay, of the Philadelphia Phillies, on May of 2010, marking the 20th in Major League Baseball history.
- A perfect game was thrown by Philip Humber of the Chicago White Sox against the Seattle Mariners in 2012. In the game, he struck out all 27 batters.
In conclusion, a perfect game in baseball is an extremely unusual accomplishment. This means that not only does the pitcher have to record an out on each batter they face, but the defense also has to avoid making any mistakes on the field.
Because of the extreme strain that the pitcher and defense are under during a perfect game, a perfect game is such a rare feat for a pitcher and his or her team to achieve in baseball.
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How does a perfect game in baseball work?
Apitcher is the best person to question about perfect games because he has the most experience with them. The pitcher’s definition of perfection is as follows: When a pitcher faces 27 hitters and none of them reach base, he or she has pitched a perfect game. They all get out at first base, either by striking out, flying out, or being tagged out. 16 major league perfect games have been pitched in the history of baseball, which includes the World Series.
- In 1880, Lee Richmond coached the Worchester vs. Cleveland game
- In 1880, Monte Ward coached the Providence vs. Boston game
- In 1904, Cy Young coached the Cleveland vs. Philadelphia game
- In 1922, Charlie Robertson coached the Chicago vs. Detroit game
- Don Larsen coached the New York vs. Brooklyn game in 1956
- In 1965, Sandy Koufax coached the Los Angeles vs. Chicago game
- In 1981, Mike Witt coached
As a result, a perfect game is one of the most unusual occurrences in sports! The pitcher with whom I spoke also highlighted the following other types of perfection:
- A “perfect game” would be defined as a game in which the pitcher threw 27 pitches and each hitter was struck out on the first pitch thrown by the pitcher. As a result, each hitter would take a swing at the first pitch and either fly out or be tagged out while sprinting to the plate. The pitcher would have the least amount of work to do in this situation. An “perfect game” in which no batter made contact with the ball has never been recorded. A strike-out “perfect game” would be a game in which no batter made contact with the ball at any point. The pitcher would go on to strike out 27 consecutive hitters. This type of flawless game has also never transpired in the past. It is possible for a pitcher to walk or hit a batter by mistake during a “no-hitter,” but no batter will reach first base as a result of that walk or hit by that pitch.
Lots More Information
Despite the fact that any day at the ballpark is a perfect day in our opinion, there have only been 23 real perfect games in the history of the Major League Baseball league. A perfect game is one in which no opposition hitter gets beyond first base. A perfect game and a no-hitter are two very different things. A no-hitter occurs when the losing team does not register any hits, but at least one batter reaches base (for example, by a walk). These 23 pitchers created history in their respective leagues.
1. Lee Richmond, Worcester Worcesters – June 12, 1880
Lee Richmond is seated at the far right of the table. Getty Images courtesy of Mark Rucker/Transcendental Graphics
2. John Montgomery Ward, Providence Grays – June 17, 1880
Immediately to Lee’s right is a chair. Getty Images courtesy of Mark Rucker/Transcendental Graphics.
3. Cy Young, Boston Americans – May 5, 1904
Lee Richmond is situated in the far right corner. Getty Images/Mark Rucker/Transcendental Graphics
4. Addie Joss, Cleveland Naps – October 2, 1908
The Library of Congress is a federal government institution that collects and organizes information.
5. Charlie Robertson, Chicago White Sox – April 30, 1922
Photograph courtesy of FPG/Getty Images
6. Don Larsen, New York Yankees – October 8, 1956 (Game 5 of the World Series!)
Diamond Images courtesy of Getty Images
7. Jim Bunning, Philadelphia Phillies – June 21, 1964
Getty Images/Bettina Archive/Getty Images
8. Sandy Koufax, Los Angeles Dodgers – September 9, 1965
Getty Images/Betty Mann Archive
9. Jim “Catfish” Hunter, Oakland Athletics – May 8, 1968
Getty Images/Bettina Archive
10. Len Barker, Cleveland Indians – May 15, 1981
Diamond Images courtesy of Getty Images
11. Mike Witt, California Angels – September 30, 1984
Photograph by Mark Lyons for the Associated Press
13. Dennis Martínez, Montreal Expos – July 28, 1991
Photograph by Andrew D. Bernstein/Getty Images
14. Kenny Rogers, Texas Rangers – July 28, 1994
Tim Sharp for the Associated Press
15. David Wells, New York Yankees – May 17, 1998
Associated Press photographer Lou Requena
16. David Cone, New York Yankees – July 18, 1999
Photograph courtesy of Vincent Laforet/Getty Images
17. Randy Johnson, Arizona Diamondbacks – May 18, 2004
Associated Press photographer John Bazemore
18. Mark Buehrle, Chicago White Sox – July 23, 2009
Photograph courtesy of Ron Vesely/Chicago White Sox
19. Dallas Braden, Oakland Athletics – May 9, 2010
Oakland Athletics photo courtesy of Michael Zagaris
20. Roy Halladay, Philadelphia Phillies – May 29, 2010
Robert Vigon is a member of the Florida Marlins.
21. Philip Humber, Chicago White Sox – April 21, 2012
Ben Vanhouten is a member of the Seattle Mariners.
22. Matt Cain, San Francisco Giants – June 13, 2012
Missy Mikulecky is a baseball player with the San Francisco Giants.
23. Félix Hernández, Seattle Mariners – August 15, 2012
Ben Vanhouten is a member of the Seattle Mariners.
Perfect game – BR Bullpen
Ben Vanhouten of the Seattle Mariners is a professional baseball player.
|Lee Richmond||June 12,1880||Worcester Ruby Legs||Cleveland Blues||1 – 0||First perfect game in Major League history|
|Monte Ward||June 17,1880||Providence Grays||Buffalo Bisons||5 – 0|
|Cy Young||May 5,1904||Boston Pilgrims||Philadelphia Athletics||3 – 0|
|Addie Joss||October 2,1908||Cleveland Naps||Chicago White Sox||1 – 0|
|Charlie Robertson||April 30,1922||Chicago White Sox||Detroit Tigers||2 – 0||Robertson’s third start of his Major League career|
|Don Larsen||October 8,1956||New York Yankees||Brooklyn Dodgers||2 – 0||Game Five of the1956 World Series|
|Jim Bunning||June 21,1964(first game)||Philadelphia Phillies||New York Mets||6 – 0||First perfect game in NL in 20th century|
|Sandy Koufax||September 9,1965||Los Angeles Dodgers||Chicago Cubs||1 – 0||Cubs’ pitcherBob Hendleypitches one-hitter in loss to Koufax;Koufax strikes out 14 batters|
|Catfish Hunter||May 8,1968||Oakland Athletics||Minnesota Twins||4 – 0||Hunter drives in three runs with three hits|
|Len Barker||May 15,1981||Cleveland Indians||Toronto Blue Jays||3 – 0||First perfect game to have designated hitters in teams’ lineups|
|Mike Witt||September 30,1984||California Angels||Texas Rangers||1 – 0||Pitched on final day of1984regular season|
|Tom Browning||September 16,1988||Cincinnati Reds||Los Angeles Dodgers||1 – 0||First perfect game against eventual World Series champion|
|Dennis Martinez||July 28,1991||Montreal Expos||Los Angeles Dodgers||2 – 0||Martinez is first non-USA-born pitcher to pitch perfect game.Dodger Stadiumbecome first ballpark to host two perfect games.|
|Kenny Rogers||July 28,1994||Texas Rangers||California Angels||4 – 0||Rangers and Angels become first pair of Major League teams tohave perfect games pitched for them against each other|
|David Wells||May 17,1998||New York Yankees||Minnesota Twins||4 – 0|
|David Cone||July 18,1999||New York Yankees||Montreal Expos||6 – 0||First perfect game in regular season interleague play|
|Randy Johnson||May 18,2004||Arizona Diamondbacks||Atlanta Braves||2 – 0||40-year-old Johnson becomes oldest pitcher to pitch perfect game|
|Mark Buehrle||July 23,2009||Chicago White Sox||Tampa Bay Rays||5 – 0||Sox outfielderDewayne Wisemakes catch reaching over the wallin 9th inning to save Buehrle’s gem|
|Dallas Braden||May 9,2010||Oakland Athletics||Tampa Bay Rays||4 – 0|
|Roy Halladay||May 29,2010||Philadelphia Phillies||Florida Marlins||1 – 0||Halladay joins Braden as the first pair to pitch perfect gamesin the same season since Richmond and Ward 130 years earlier|
|Philip Humber||April 21,2012||Chicago White Sox||Seattle Mariners||4 – 0|
|Matt Cain||June 13,2012||San Francisco Giants||Houston Astros||10 – 0||Ties Koufax for most strikeouts in a perfect game with 14;second time in three years that two perfect gamesare thrown in the same season.|
|Felix Hernandez||August 15,2012||Seattle Mariners||Tampa Bay Rays||1 – 0||First time that three perfect games are thrown in the same season;first time that two perfect games are pitchedin the same stadium in the same year.|
Minor League Baseball
SeeMinor League Perfect Games for more information.
Nippon Professional Baseball
|Hideo Fujimoto||June 28,1950||Yomiuri Giants||Nishi-Nippon Pirates||Aomori Stadium||4 – 0||7|
|Fumio Takechi||June 19,1955||Kintetsu Pearls||Daiei Stars||Osaka Stadium||1 – 0||6|
|Yoshitomo Miyaji||September 19,1956||Kokutetsu Swallows||Hiroshima Carp||Kanazawa Stadium||6 – 0||3|
|Masaichi Kaneda||August 21,1957||Kokutetsu Swallows||Chunichi Dragons||Chunichi Stadium||1 – 0||10|
|Sadao Nishimura||July 19,1958||Nishitetsu Lions||Toei Flyers||Komazawa Stadium||1 – 0||6|
|Gentaro Shimada||August 11,1960||Taiyo Whales||Osaka Tigers||Kawasaki Stadium||1 – 0||3|
|Yoshimi Moritaki||June 20,1961||Kokutetsu Swallows||Chunichi Dragons||Korakuen Stadium||1 – 0||4|
|Yoshiro Sasaki||May 1,1966||Taiyo Whales||Hiroshima Carp||Hiroshima Municipal Stadium||1 – 0||7|
|Tsutomu Tanaka||May 12,1966||Nishitetsu Lions||Nankai Hawks||Osaka Stadium||2 – 0||7|
|Yoshiro Sotokoba||September 14,1968||Hiroshima Toyo Carp||Taiyo Whales||Hiroshima Municipal Stadium||2 – 0||16|
|Koichiro Sasaki||October 6,1970||Kintetsu Buffaloes||Nankai Hawks||Osaka Stadium||3 – 0||4|
|Yoshimasa Takahashi||August 21,1971||Toei Flyers||Nishitetsu Lions||Korakuen Stadium||4 – 0||1|
|Soroku Yagisawa||October 10,1973||Lotte Orions||Taiheiyo Club Lions||Sendai Stadium||1 – 0||6|
|Yutaro Imai||August 31,1978||Hankyu Braves||Lotte Orions||Sendai Stadium||5 – 0||3|
|Hiromi Makihara*see note||May 18,1994||Yomiuri Giants||Hiroshima Toyo Carp||Fukuoka Dome||6 – 0||7|
|Daisuke YamaiandHitoki Iwase||November 1,2007||Chunichi Dragons||Hokkaido Nippon-Ham Fighters||Nagoya Dome||1 – 0||7|
- It was a dropped foul fly ball that caused the Giants to make an error in Makihara’s game, which prevented the hitter from reaching first base.
|Ramiro Cuevas||August 14,1953||Nuevo Laredo Owls||Mexico City Red Devils||1 – 0|
|Francisco MaytorenaHector Manuel DiazNicolas Garcia||March 24,1971||Mexico City Tigers||Veracruz Eagle||3 – 0||7 Innings|
|Andrés Ayón||June 30,1972||Saltillo Saraperos||Monterrey Sultans||9 – 0||7 Innings|
|Diego Segui||June 21,1978||Cordoba Coffee Growers||Nuevo Laredo Owls||5 – 0||7 Innings|
|Horacio Pina||July 12,1978||Aguascalientes Railroadmen||Mexico City Red Devils||3 – 0|
|Jairo Valenzuela||June 10,1984||Saltillo Saraperos||Cordoba Coffee Growers||5 – 0||7 Innings|
|Herminio Dominguez||April 14,1985||Campeche Pirates||Cordoba Coffee Growers||1 – 0||7 Innings|
|Don Heinkel||June 2,1992||Campeche Pirates||Mexico City Red Devils||7 – 0||7 Innings|
|Oscar Rivera||August 7,2005||Yucatan Lions||Oaxaca Warriors||1 – 0||Postseason|
Mexican Pacific League
|Joakim Soria||2006||Obregon Yaquis||Hermosillo Naranjeros||6-0|
|Annabelle Lee||1944||Minneapolis Millerettes||Kenosha Comets|
|Carolyn Morris||1945||Rockford Peaches||Fort Wayne Daisies|
|Doris Sams||August 18,1947||Muskegon Lassies||Fort Wayne Daisies|
|Jean Faut||July 21,1951||South Bend Blue Sox||Rockford Peaches|
|Jean Faut||September 3,1953||South Bend Blue Sox||Kalamazoo Lassies|
Cuban National League
|Maels Rodríguez||December 22,1999||XXXIX (Nac)||Sancti Spiritus||Las Tunas||Estadio José Antonio Huelga||1 – 0|
Chinese Professional Baseball League
|Ryan Verdugo||October 7,2018||Uni-President Lions||Chinatrust Brothers||1 – 0|
|Craig McGinnis||1989||Haarlem Nicols||De Spartaan||?|
|Eelco Jansen||July 27,1997||Corendon Kinheim||ADO||?|
|Misja Harcksen||April 14,2019||Curaçao Neptunus||Twins Oosterhout||4-0|
- Dutch national team hurlers Rob Hoffmann and Herman Beidschat partnered on a flawless game against the Spanish national team during the 1964 European Championship in the Netherlands.
- The year was 1965, and David Garcia pitched a perfect game for Mexico versus Guatemala in the Amateur World Series.
- Tom Lyons threw a perfect pitch for Greece against Russia in the 2008 European Championship Qualifying Round.
- While competing in the 2010 Intercontinental Cup, Dalier Hinojos of Cuba threw a flawless game against the team from Hong Kong. He also threw a perfect game against Sri Lanka in the 2010 World University Championship, which lasted seven innings.
- Yusuke Ishida and Hirofumi Yanaka teamed to throw a five-inning mercy rule perfect game against the Mongolian national team in the 2010 Asian Games in Singapore.
“Near” Perfect Games
|Harvey Haddix||May 26,1959||Pittsburgh Pirates||Milwaukee Braves||0 – 1||13||In the 13th inning the first batter reaches on an error,followed by sacrifice hit, intentional walk and a “walk-off” double|
|Pedro Martínez(9 inn.)Mel Rojas(1 inn.)||June 3,1995||Montreal Expos||San Diego Padres||1 – 0||10||In the 10th the first batter leads off with a double,Rojas replaces Martínez and retires next three batters|
|Ed Karger||August 11,1907(second game)||St. Louis Cardinals||Boston Doves||4 – 0||7|
|Rube Vickers||October 5,1907||Philadelphia Athletics||Washington Senators||4 – 0||5|
|Dean Chance||August 6,1967(second game)||Minnesota Twins||Boston Red Sox||2 – 0||5|
|David Palmer||April 21,1984(second game)||Montreal Expos||St. Louis Cardinals||4 – 0||5|
|Hooks Wiltse||July 4,1908||New York Giants||Philadelphia Phillies||1 – 0||10||With two outs in the 9th inning, umpireCy Riglermissed an obviouscalled strike three against batterGeorge McQuillan. The next pitchfrom Wiltse hit McQuillan in the shoulder.Wiltse retired the next batterand then all three Philadelphia hitters in the 10th inning. New York scoredin the bottom of the 10th to give Wiltse a 10-inning no-hitter instead of a10-inning perfect game. Rigler later admitted his mistake.|
|Armando Galarraga||June 2,2010||Detroit Tigers||Cleveland Indians||3 – 0||9||With two outs in the 9th inning, ground ball to first base 3-1 for putout,umpireJim Joyceincorrectly calls runner safe;after the game, Joyce admits his error upon reviewing the replay|
- Joe Cox’s book, Almost Perfect: The Heartbreaking Pursuit of Pitching’s Holy Grail, was published by Lyons Press and Rowman & Littlefield in Lanham, Maryland, in 2017. The ISBN for the book is 978-1493019502. Rebecca Sichel, Uri Carl, and Bruce Bukiet: “Modeling Perfect Games and No-Hits in Baseball,” in The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 1 (Spring 2011), pp. 58-65
- Rebecca Sichel, Uri Carl, and Bruce Bukiet: “Modeling Perfect Games and No-Hits in Baseball,” in The Baseball Research Journal, SABR, Volume 40, Number 1 (Spring 2011), pp. 58-65
- Rebecca Sichel, Ur
About Perfect Game
In 2017, Joe Cox published Almost Perfect: The Heartbreaking Pursuit of Pitching’s Holy Grail, published by Lyons Press and Rowman & Littlefield in Lanham, Maryland. The ISBN for the book is 978-1493019502; the book is available on Amazon. Modeling Perfect Games and No-Hits in Baseball” by Rebecca Sichel, Uri Carl, and Bruce Bukiet in The Baseball Research Journal, published by the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR) in Volume 40, Number 1 (Spring 2011), pp. 58-65; Rebecca Sichel, Uri Carl, and Bruce Bukiet: “Modeling Perfect Games and No-Hits in Baseball” in The Baseball Research Journal, published by the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR), Volume 40, Number 1
- Collaborate with the Major League Baseball and a variety of other baseball partners in order to help the game flourish
- Create a following of baseball lovers. Contribute to ensuring that the greatest athletes are consistently encouraged to participate in baseball. Best practices for the safety and care of baseball players should be followed
- Event hosting at world-class facilities and venues is our specialty. Participants of all ages and demographic groups should be encouraged to participate. Identify and recognize talented individuals and teams, as well as offer them with exposure. Parental education and assistance are provided to all baseball participants, including players, coaches, and officials.
Events It is Perfect Game’s mission to be the nation’s best producer of amateur baseball events, organizing the highest caliber of travel team tournaments and individual showcase events all around the country. DISCOVER MOREScouting and the Major League Baseball Draft It has been demonstrated that the PG database and scouting reports, as well as the PG player rankings, are an invaluable resource for all college coaches and MLB scouts in the country.
Perfect Game is well-connected in the media, particularly with MLB Advanced Media, where it has a presence.
DISCOVER MORE Making a DifferencePG is committed to giving back to the community, including our primary program to battle children cancer in partnership with Rady Children’s Hospital and Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta. DISCOVER MORE Those that work with us When it comes to scouting, Perfect Game boasts the largest department in all of baseball, with more than 60 full-time staffers and well over 100 part-time scouts during peak seasons. DISCOVER MORE Testimonials ‘Perfect Game is a premier resource for anybody interested in amateur baseball, putting on high-quality tournaments throughout the year that are closely observed by our scouts.’ Perfect Game is well-organized and efficient, and they are at the top of their game.” — Brian Cashman, Senior Vice President and General Manager of the New York Yankees More TESTIMONIALS Athletes from all across the country come to Perfect Game for the finest quality travel team tournaments and individual showcases.
- Perfect Game has been providing amateur baseball events for more than 20 years.
- PG Showcases are a subset of PG Showcases.
- The PG Player profiles of all players are enhanced with scouting reports and video to give them the most exposure possible to college coaches and Major League Baseball scouts.
- In addition to being well-organized and efficient, PG takes great satisfaction in offering value to all of those that attend.
- Since 2003, the All American Classic has welcomed a total of 113 former Major League Baseball players.
- THE ORIGINAL ALL-AMERICAN CLASSIC PORTAL PGBA Perfect Game’s governing body regulates all connected events and ensures that event organizers adhere to a high degree of excellence.
- SCHEDULEPG Series Classics on a Timeline The PG Series Classic is more than simply a baseball World Series.
A really unique sports festival, where players and families from all over the world will come together to enjoy baseball in a way that they have never experienced before.
Jeremy Hellickson and Ryan Sweeney are two of the best former players in the league.
The Super25 highlights the significance of remaining together and maintaining baseball as a team sport.
PORTALSCHEDULET SUPER25 PORTALSCHEDULET For all College Coaches and Major League Baseball Scouts, the Player Rankings database and scouting reports, as well as the PG player rankings, have proven to be a great resource.
When it comes to scouting, Perfect Game boasts the largest department in all of baseball, with more than 60 full-time staffers and well over 100 part-time scouts during peak seasons.
GET IN TOUCH WITH US Possibility of Employment Are you interested in working with Perfect Game?
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY In addition to our major project of combating children cancer in partnership with Rady Children’s Hospital and St.
‘Perfect Game is a premier resource for anybody interested in amateur baseball, putting on high-quality tournaments throughout the year that are closely observed by our scouts.’ Perfect Game is well-organized and efficient, and they are at the top of their game.
Cashman, Senior Vice President and General Manager of the New York Yankees, is a baseball executive.
The Red Sox scouting staff considers the Perfect Game events, scouting reports, and rankings to be extremely crucial to their overall strategy.
It was just beneficial to have that exposure.” Mike Trout was named American League MVP in 2014.
In addition to providing me with the opportunity to play against some really good competition, the Perfect Game events allowed me to step outside of my comfort zone a little bit.
Everything Perfect Game is associated with receives great attention from collegiate and professional baseball players.
“No one provides more possibilities for young players than we do.” Dan Jennings is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom.
They’re the best, and the greatest institutions and the best scouts in the world are aware of this.
Atlanta Braves baseball team That was the first time I had played against competition that was the most equivalent to that of the minor leagues, and I believe that if I hadn’t participated in any of those tournaments, I would not have gained any valuable experience against the best pitchers and best players in the league.” My baseball speed and how much it differed from high school baseball were taught to me by Perfect Game, and I believe this is the only place where you can learn this.” Eric Hosmer’s full name is Eric Hosmer.
The San Diego Padres are a baseball team based in San Diego, California.
You’re the man about whom everyone is gushing, proclaiming, ‘This guy is going to be good.’ The difference is that when you go to the (Perfect Game) showcases, you’re nearly on an equal playing field with the other men who are playing at the same level as you are.
It makes it more enjoyable and intriguing, and it allows you to realize what you are capable of at that level.” Justin Upton is a professional baseball player. The Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim