Walking (also known as “base on balls”) happens when a pitcher throws four pitches that are not batted at by the batter and none of them are called strikes by the umpire. The batter is granted first base after refraining from swinging at four pitches that are outside of his strike zone. BB are the letters that are used to represent a stroll in a scorebook. Walks are a statistic that may be used to evaluate two of the most crucial talents in baseball: a pitcher’s control and a hitter’s eye for the strike zone (meaning his ability to tell whether a pitch is a strike or a ball and swing – or not swing – accordingly).
A larger number of walks are earned by the game’s top hitters because pitchers are more likely to avoid offering them hittable pitches and because their excellent eye allows them to lay off pitches that are just outside the strike zone.
This is referred to as a “deliberate walk,” while it is still considered a routine stroll for the purposes of record-keeping.
In A Call
“base on balls,” “free pass,” and “put him on” are all phrases that may be used to describe a situation.
Tony Gwynn had another outstanding season in 1997, with 592 at-bats and 220 strikeouts, and an avg of.372, which was the best in the National League. Which of these abbreviations do all of these letters stand for? The Baseball Almanac is glad to give a standard collection of acronyms that are seen and used in print on a regular basis in the sport of baseball.
|Offensive Abbreviations for Statistics|
|ABBBAVGCS2BGIDP GRSLHBPHHRRHRIBBISO LOB OBPOPSRRBISFSHSSLGSB%SBRSBSOTB3B||At BatsBases on Balls (Walks)Batting AverageCaught StealingDoublesGround into Double Plays Grand SlamsHit by PitchHitsHome Run RatioHome RunsIntentionalBasesonBalls(Walks)Isolated Power Left on Base On-Base PercentageOn-Base Plus SluggingRunsRuns Batted InSacrifice FliesSacrifice Hits (Bunts)SinglesSlugging PercentageStolen Base PercentageStolen Base RunsStolen BasesStrikeoutsTotal BasesTriples|
|Pitching Abbreviations for Statistics|
|AOBB BFPBKCBOCGCGLERERAGFGOGOAOGPGSHHBPHRIBBIPIRAIPSLMB9OBAPARRPFRWS/SHOSOSVSVOTBWWP||Fly Outs (Air)Walks (Bases on Balls) Batters Facing PitcherBalksCombined ShutoutComplete GamesComplete Game LossesEarned RunsEarned Run AverageGames FinishedGround OutsGround Outs / Fly Outs RatioGames PlayedGames StartedHitsHit BattersHome RunsIntentional WalksInnings PitchedInherited Runs AllowedInnings Per StartLossesBaserunners Per 9 InningsOpponents’ Batting AveragePlate AppearancesRunsRelief FailuresRelief WinsShutoutsStrikeoutsSavesSave OpportunitiesTotal BasesWinsWild Pitches|
|Defensive Abbreviations for Statistics|
|ACSDPEGPOFAPBPKPOSBTCTP||AssistsCaught StealingDouble PlaysErrorsGames PlayedOutfield AssistsPassed BallsPickoffsPutoutsStolen Bases Total ChancesTriple Plays|
|Miscellaneous Abbreviations for Statistics|
|ML SER||Major League Service|
|Baseball Stats Abbreviations 101|
The “common” set has several variations (DO Doubles, TR Triples, etc.), but these are the ones that are regarded “official” and are the ones that are used here at Baseball Almanac, among other places. Did you know that the National Association (a non-official league that gave rise to the National Leagueofficial )’s statistics were destroyed in a fire in the early 1900’s? Major League Baseball organized a Special Baseball Records Committee in the 1960s to examine the irregular records that had been kept previous to the 1920 season.
What Does BB Mean in Baseball? – Explained for Beginners
In baseball, the activities of pitching and hitting are both considered routine. However, if one begins to investigate these responsibilities in light of the talents demanded in the BB or walk stats, the knowledge that these activities are difficult to do will dawn on them. But what exactly does the letter BB imply in baseball? Why is BB referred to as a stroll as well? What is the impact of the BB on the batter’s performance? When it comes to baseball, what is the difference between a walk and being hit by a pitch?
BB in Baseball Meaning
The acronym BB in baseball or the meaning of the term BB in baseball refers to the base on balls. The term “balls” refers to a group of four balls that are pitched outside the strike zone but are not batted at by the hitter. In the eyes of baseball specialists, the batter’s bat speed (BB) statistic is a critical measuring tool since it assesses two talents from two distinct roles in baseball: the batter’s visual agility and the pitcher’s ball control (or command). A pitcher can manipulate the movement of the pitch to his or her benefit by exerting control over it — turning it into a ball and swing, a strike, or a no-swing.
To put it another way, one of the pitcher’s responsibilities is to refrain from offering hittable pitches to the batter or hitter in question.
Walking the hitter/batter is another strategy that the pitcher may employ in order to gain an edge in this situation.
In other words, he has the option of completely avoiding pitching the hitter/batter (also known as intentional walk) in order to maximize the defensive team’s chances of getting the batter/hitter out of the game.
Why Is BB Also Called a Walk
According to the baseball BB definition, this is also known as a walk since, in reality (according to the specifics outlined in the baseball regulations), a batter/hitter is not permitted to legally walk towards a base. His only opportunity to walk into a base is if he can avoid being hit by four straight balls pitched beyond the strike zone on the same pitch. Having been granted the base, the hitter can now go to the base without being forced to leave the game. Consequently, events such as catcher’s interference and being hit by a pitch will no longer have an impact on putting out a hitter as he goes towards the base.
In other words, until a walk is completed, the ball is considered dead.
According to this alternative interpretation (which deviates from the normal BB definition, of course), the more the number of walks awarded to a batter/hitter, the greater the batter’s expertdom is considered to be.
Who Gets to Walk Who
Only the pitcher has the ability to intentionally walk a hitter. If, on the other hand, the hitter is able to obtain a base on balls, he has the option of walking towards the base without being called out. In baseball, this is commonly referred to as the BB abbreviation.
How Does the BB Affect the Batter’s Performance
As previously stated, unlike the OPS (on-base percentage + slugging percentage), the BB does not take into consideration the batter’s overall performance. A player who wishes to boost his or her at-bat or hit credits will be unable to do so with the BB because of this restriction. The batter’s performance is solely influenced by the batter’s plate appearance and time on base, and he is only given an on-base percentage, not a batting average, whether he gets a walk or a strikeout.
What Is the Difference Between a Walk and a Hit-by-pitch
A hit-by-pitch (HBP) occurs when a pitched ball strikes a hitter when the batter is not swinging at the pitch. But if it is discovered that the thrown ball was in the strike zone and that the hitter genuinely swung at it, the HBP is discarded and the batter is called out on the hit by pitch. The HBP unfolds in the same way as a walk since it acts as a ticket for the hitter to proceed to the first baseman’s position. Indeed, the only thing they have in common is their appearance. One feature that separates HBP from a walk is the fact that HBP results in the loss of a live ball in the process.
Because of this, while the game is in dead ball state in HBP, runners attempting to steal a base must return to their starting base and then advance to the next base before they are obliged to leave the current base they are on.
All of these scenarios are expected to play out in the event of a passed ball, wild pitch, or a steal play.
In a nutshell, the hit-by-pitch and the walk are distinguished by the presence or absence of a live or dead ball.
Which MLB Players Have Very High BB Scores
Here is a list of Major League Baseball players who have had extremely high BB numbers throughout their careers:
- Barry Bonds has 2, 311 hits, Rickey Henderson has 2, 190 hits, Babe Ruth has 2, 062 hits, Ted Williams has 2, 021 hits, and Joe Morgan has 1, 865 hits.
What does the letter BB stand for in baseball? In baseball, the BB abbreviation stands for ‘base on balls.’ A stroll is another term for this activity. Eventually, the BB or walk stat reveals itself to be more sophisticated than anticipated. After everything is said and done, the pitcher and the hitter are both evaluated simultaneously, allowing for comparison between offensive and defensive players. First and foremost, it allows batters/hitters and runners to advance to first base without being called out.
Base on balls – Wikipedia
Base on balls (BB), often known as a walk, happens in baseball when a hitter receives four pitches that are deemed balls by the umpire and is then granted first base without the risk of being called out on the pitch. The term “base on balls” is defined in Section 2.00 of baseball’s Official Rules, and more explanation may be found in Section 6.08 of those rules (a). In baseball, it is considered a faux pas for a professional player to physically stroll to first base; the batter-runner and any advancing runners are expected to jog as a result of this practice.
Even though a base on balls, catcher’s interference, or a batter being hit by a pitched ball all result in the batter (and possibly other runners on base) being awarded a base, the term “walk” is usually reserved for bases on balls and does not refer to any of the other methods of reaching base without the batter’s bat coming into contact with a pitched ball.
- A hitter who advances to second base on balls is referred to as having been “walked” by the pitcher in most circles.
- The hitter is credited with an RBI if he draws a walk with the bases loaded and a run is forced to advance, including the runner on third base who is pushed to home plate in order to score a run.
- Receiving a hit or an at bat for a batter does not count as time on base or plate appearance, but it does count as time on base and plate appearance for the batter.
- A hit by pitch is not statistically considered a walk, despite the fact that the impact is largely the same, with the hitter earning a free pass to first base as a result.
- In this case, the ball is dead.
- In the event of a walk, the ball remains live: any runner who is not obliged to advance may still attempt to advance at his or her own risk, which may occur in the event of an astealplay, a passed ball, or a wild pitch.
The batter-runner himself may attempt to advance beyond first base, at his own risk. Rule 6.08 addresses this matter as well. An attempt to advance an additional base beyond the base awarded might occur when ball four is apassed ballor awild pitch.
There was no such thing as a “ball” in the early days of baseball. This rule was established by the NABBPin 1863, and was initially intended to be used as a form of unsportsmanlike behavior penalty: When the pitcher repeatedly fails to deliver fair balls to the striker, whether for the apparent purpose of delaying the game or for any other reason, the umpire, after warning him, shall call one ball, and if the pitcher persists in such action, two and three balls; when three balls shall have been called, the striker shall be entitled to the first base; and should any base be occupied at that time, each player occupying it shall be entitled to one base without being put out of the game.
- It is important to note that this regulation awarded the pitcher a total of 9 balls because each penalty ball could only be called on the third transgression.
- The hitter had the right to call pitches “high” or “low,” that is, above or below the waist, from 1871 to 1886; a pitch that did not correspond was considered “unfair” during this time period.
- The National League modified the regulations in 1880, requiring eight “unfair balls” instead of nine to complete a walk instead of nine normal balls.
- After six balls were necessary for a walk instead of seven, the American Association revised the regulations in 1886.
In 1887, the National League and the American Association agreed to abide by some uniform rule changes, which included the introduction of the strike zone, which defined balls and strikes by rule rather than at the discretion of the umpire, and the reduction of the number of balls required for a walk from seven to five for the first time in baseball history.
Major League Baseball adopted a rule change in 2017 that allows a hitter to be deliberately walked by having the defensive bench indicate to the Umpire before the pitch is delivered.
Intentional base on balls
An intentional base on balls (IBB), also known as an intentional walk, is a subset of the base on balls. It occurs when the defensive team intentionally delivers a walk to the hitter. In Major League Baseball and many amateur leagues, an intentional base on balls is signaled to the home plate umpire by the defensive team’s manager holding up four fingers, at which point the batter is awarded first base without any further pitches being thrown. In Major League Baseball and many amateur leagues, an intentional base on balls is signaled to the home plate umpire by the defensive team’s manager holding up four fingers.
This was the case in several leagues and in Major League Baseball prior to 2017.
In the same way as any ordinary walk does, an intentional walk entitles the batter to first base without the risk of being put out, and also entitled any runners who are forced to advance to second base.
In addition, deliberate walks are frequently used by teams to set up a double play or force out scenario for the following hitter.
Major League Baseball leaders
|Rank||Player||Year||Base on balls|
James Foxx, André Thornton, Jeff Bagwell and other actors During a big league regular season game, Bryce Harper and Josh Donaldson have each been walked six times. Tommy Byrne and Bruno Haas were the two pitchers who each surrendered 16 bases on balls in a game.
- James Foxx, André Thornton, Jeff Bagwell and other actors in the film At least six times during a big league regular season game, Bryce Harper and Josh Donaldson have been intentionally walked. Tommy Byrne and Bruno Haas were the two pitchers who each surrendered 16 bases on balls in a single inning.
- Jimmie Foxx, Andre Thornton, Jeff Bagwell, and other actors During a Major League Baseball regular season game, Bryce Harper and Josh Donaldson have both been walked six times. Tommy Byrne and Bruno Haas were the two pitchers who each surrendered 16 bases on balls in a single game.
- Baseball-career Reference.com’s walk leaders
- Baseball-single-season Reference.com’s walk leaders
- Baseball-career Reference.com’s walk leaders
BB (Baseball) – Definition – Lexicon & Encyclopedia
BB is an abbreviation. This page explains what the abbreviation “BB” refers to. The many definitions, examples, and related terminology mentioned above have all been authored and collated by the Slangit team from their different sources. Walk (BB) is a type of walk. Walking (or getting on base) occurs when a pitcher throws four pitches that are outside of the strikezone and none of which are batted at by the hitter results in a base on balls. The batter is granted first base after refraining from swinging at four pitches that are outside of his strike zone.
- Pitching In baseball, the strikeout-to-walk rate differential is called the strikeout-to-walk rate differential.
- Walks are denoted by the notation BB in scorekeeping (Bases on Balls).
- An intentional beanball is a pitch that is purposely fired towards the hitter.
- “Bees” refers to the sensation experienced by a player when he hits the ball in cold weather or not on the sweet spot of the bat, which causes his hands to sting.
- The term “base on balls” refers to a pitcher throwing four balls and allowing the hitter to advance to first base on each of those balls.
- Total batters faced is the total number of plate appearances made by the opposing club.
- Strikeout to Walk Ratio (sometimes known as “K/BB”) is the ratio of batters struck out to batters walked.
First base is granted to a batter who walks after the pitcher tosses four balls to him, which is known as a walk (BB).
According to baseball statistics, a base on balls (BB), commonly known as a walk, occurs when a batter gets four pitches that are deemed balls by the umpire, and is credited to the batter and against the pitcher.
BB Balls on the Ground BF Batters Against the Wall BK Balk BL Bats have left the batting cage.
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In this category, Strike Outs (SO) represent the number of times a player has struck out.
An illustration of how credit is assigned for awin is as follows: Bonderman pitches for Detroit against Boston at Boston, where he allows two runs on five hits with eight strikeouts and one walk in seven and two-thirds innings while throwing 103 pitches; the game ends with the score tied 2-2.
The pitcher was changed immediately following the at bat, as indicated by the purple line under the box.
Batter9 hit a home run, and the team went on to win. Single. See also: What is the definition of “on-deck,” and “off-deck.” Bender, batting average on balls in play, pounding the strike zone, AAAAA player, what do you think?
What does BB stand for in MLB?
BB– Base on balls (also known as a “walk”): When a batter does not swing at four pitches that are deemed out of the strike zone, he is given the base on balls. In baseball, this is referred to as BABIP (batting average on balls in play), which is the frequency with which a hitter reaches a base after placing the ball in the field of play. Walking (also known as “base on balls”) happens when a pitcher throws four pitches that are all outside of the strike zone and none of them are batted at by the batter.
- In the scorebook, a stroll is marked by the letters BB, which stand for “breakthrough.” In addition to the foregoing, what does BB signify for pitchers?
- Steve Slowinski contributed to this article.
- In baseball, the rate statistics of strikeouts per nine innings (K/9) and walks per nine innings (BB/9) quantify how many strikeouts and walks a pitcher averages over the course of a nine-inning game.
- We may calculate the number of walks a certain pitcher permits per nine innings pitched by dividing the number of walks allowed by the number of innings pitched times nine.
- K / BB: 2.51 (kilograms per pound).
- 10% of the total: 11.30%
|Definitions of Baseball Terms|
|% Inherited Scored||A Relief Pitching statistic indicating the percentage of runners on base at the time a relief pitcher enters a game that he allows to score.|
|1st Batter OBP||The On-Base Percentage allowed by a relief pitcher to the first batter he faces in a game.|
|Active Career Batting Leaders||Minimum of 1,000 At Bats required for Batting Average, On-Base Percentage, Slugging Percentage, At Bats Per HR, At Bats Per GDP, At Bats Per RBI, and K/BB Ratio. One hundred (100) Stolen Base Attempts required for Stolen Base Success %. Any player who appeared in 1995 is eligible for inclusion provided he meets the category’s minimum requirements.|
|Active Career Pitching Leaders||Minimum of 750 Innings Pitched required for Earned Run Average, Opponent Batting Average, all of the Per 9 Innings categories, and Strikeout to Walk Ratio. Two hundred fifty (250) Games Started required for Complete Game Frequency. One hundred (100) decisions required for Win-Loss Percentage. Any player who appeared in 1995 is eligible for inclusion provided he meets the category’s minimum requirements.|
|BA ScPos Allowed||Batting Average Allowed with Runners in Scoring Position.|
|Baserunners per Nine Innings||These are the hits, walks and hit batsmen allowed per nine innings.|
|Bases Loaded||This category shows a player’s batting average in bases loaded situation.|
|Batting Average||Hits divided by At Bats.|
|Bequeathed Runners||Any runner(s) on base when a pitcher leaves a game are considered bequeathed to the departing hurler; the opposite of inherited runners (see below).|
|Blown Saves||This is charged any time a pitcher comes into a game where a save situation is in place and he loses the lead.|
|Catcher’s ERA||The Earned Run Average of a club’s pitchers with a particular catcher behind the plate. To figure this for a catcher, multiply the Earned Runs Allowed by the pitchers while he was catching times nine and divide that by his number of Innings Caught.|
|Cheap Wins/Tough Losses/Top Game Scores||First determine the starting pitcher’s Game Score as follows:|
- Start with a number of 50
- The starting pitcher gets one point for every strikeout he records
- After the fourth inning, add 2 points for each additional inning the pitcher goes on to complete. For each strikeout, add one point to your total. For each hit that is permitted, deduct two points. For each earned run that is permitted, subtract 4 points. Add 2 points to account for an unearned run. For each stroll, deduct one point from your total.
|Cleanup Slugging%||The Slugging Percentage of a player when batting fourth in the batting order.|
|Clutch||This category shows a player’s batting average in the late innings of close games: the seventh inning or later with the batting team ahead by one, tied, or has the tying run on base, at bat or on deck.|
|Complete Game Frequency||Complete Games divided by Games Started.|
|Defensive Batting Average||A composite statistic incorporating various defensive statistics to arrive at a number akin to batting average. The formula uses standard deviations to establish a spread from best to worst.|
|Earned Run Average||(Earned Runs times 9) divided by Innings Pitched.|
|Fast-A||Otherwise known as “Advanced A,” these A-level minor leagues are the California League, Carolina League and Florida Stat League.|
|Favorite Toy||The Favorite Toy is a method that is used to estimate a player’s chance of getting to a specific goal in the following example, we’ll say 3,000 hits.Four things are considered:|
- Needed Hits – the number of hits required to get the desired result. (Of course, this could also be “Need Home Runs” or “Need Doubles” – whatever you choose to call it.)
- Years Remaining in the Contract. The formula 24-.6 is used to estimate the number of years that will be required to achieve the target (age). As a result of this approach, players under the age of 20 have 12.0 seasons left on their contract. Players under the age of 25 have nine seasons left on their contract, players under 30 have 6.0 seasons left on their contract, and players over 35 have just three season left on their contract. Any athlete who is currently actively participating in competitive sports is presumed to have at least 1.5 seasons left, regardless of his or her age. Hit Level has been established. For 1996, the established hit level would be calculated by multiplying 1993 hits by two times 1994 hits by three times 1995 hits by six, and then dividing the result by six. A player, on the other hand, cannot have an established performance level that is less than three-fourths of his most recent performance level
- For example, a player who had 200 hits in 1995 cannot have an established hit level that is less than 150
- Hits that are expected to be made in the future. This is calculated by multiplying the second number (the number of ears left) by the third number (the established hit level)
Once you have obtained the projected remaining hits, the probability of achieving the objective is calculated as (projected remaining hits) divided by (require hits), minus.5. If your “require hits” and your “projected remaining hits” are the same, you have a 50 percent probability of achieving your target using this technique of calculation. If your anticipated remaining hits are 20 percent greater than your required hits, you have a 70 percent probability of achieving your target in time. There are two specific rules, as well as a note:
- The probability of a player continuing to develop toward a goal cannot be more than.97 per year. For example, a player cannot calculate that they have a 148 percent probability of completing their goal because this is against the rules.)
- The possibility of a player continuing to develop toward the objective cannot be more than.75 each season if his offensive winning percentage is below.500 throughout the season. If a below-average batter is two years away from attaining a goal, his likelihood of accomplishing that objective cannot be proved to be better than nine-sixteenths of a percent, or three-fourths times three-fourths, no of his age.
- Rather of using actual figures from a complete season of play, we utilized predicted metrics for 1994 and 1995.
|Fielding Percentage||(Putouts plus Assists) divided by (Putouts plus Assists plus Errors).|
|First Batter Efficiency||This statistic tells you the batting average allowed by a relief pitcher to the first batter he faces.|
|GDP per GDP Situation||A GDP situation exists any time there is a man on first with less than two outs. This statistic measures how often a player grounds into a double play in that situation.|
|Go-Ahead RBI||Any time a player drives in a run which gives his team the lead, he is credited with a go-ahead RBI.|
|Ground/Fly Ratio (Grd/Fly)||Simply a hitter’s ground balls divided by his fly balls. All batted balls except line drives and bunts are included.|
|Hold||A Hold is credited any time a relief pitcher enters a game in a Save Situation (see definition below), records at least one out, and leaves the game never having relinquished the lead.Note: a pitcher cannot finish the game and receive credit for a Hold, nor can he earn a hold and a save.|
|Inherited Runner||Any runner(s) on base when a relief pitcher enters a game are considered “inherited” by that pitcher.|
|Isolated Power||Slugging Percentage minus Batting Average.|
|K/BB Ratio||Strikeouts divided by Walks.|
|LateClose||A LateClose situation meets the following requirements:|
- During the seventh inning or later, the batting side is either up by one run, tied, or has a possible tying run on base, at the plate, or on deck
- The game is over
|Leadoff On Base%||The On-Base Percentage of a player when batting first in the batting order.|
|No Decision (ND)||The result when a starter is credited with neither a win nor a loss.|
|OBP+SLUG (OPS)||On-base percentage plus slugging percentage.|
|Offensive Winning Percentage (OWP)||The Winning Percentage a team of nine Fred McGriffs (or anybody) would compile against average pitching and defense. The formula: (Runs Created per 27 outs) divided by the League average of runs scored per game. Square the result and divide it by (1+itself).|
|On Base Percentage||(Hits plus Walks plus Hit by Pitcher) divided by (At Bats plus Walks plus Hit by Pitcher plus Sacrifice Flies).|
|Opponent Batting Average||Hits Allowed divided by (Batters Faced minus Walks minus Hit Batsmen minus Sacrifice Hits minus Sacrifice Flies minus Catcher’s Interference).|
|Outfielder Hold Percentage||A statistic used to evaluate outfielders’ throwing arms. “Hold Percentage” is computed by dividing extra bases taken (by baserunners) by the number of opportunities. For example, if a single is lined to center field with men on first and second, and one man scores while the other stops at second, that is one extra base taken on two opportunities, a 50.0 hold percentage.|
|PA*||The divisor for On Base Percentage: At Bats plus Walks plus Hit By Pitcher plus Sacrifice Flies; or Plate Appearances minus Sacrifice Hits and Times Reached Base on Defensive Interference.|
|PCS (Pitchers’ Caught Stealing)||The number of runners officially counted as Caught Stealing where the initiator of the fielding play was the pitcher, not the catcher. Note: such plays are often referred to as pickoffs, but appear in official records as Caught Stealings. The most common pitcher caught stealing scenario is a 1-3-6 fielding play, where the runner is officially charged a Caught Stealing because he broke for second base. Pickoff (fielding play 1-3 being the most common) is not an official statistic.|
|Percentage of Pitches Taken||This tells you how often a player lets a pitch go by without swinging.|
|Percentage of Swings Put In Play||This tells you how often a player hits the ball into fair territory, or is retired on a foul-ball out, when he swings.|
|Pickoffs (Pk)||The number of times a runner was picked off base by a pitcher.|
|Pivot Percentage||The number of double plays turned by a second baseman as the pivot man, divided by the number of opportunities.|
|PkOf Throw/Runner||The number of pickoff throws made by a pitcher divided by the number of runners on first base.|
|Plate Appearances||At Bats plus Total Walks plus Hit By Pitcher plus Sacrifice Hits plus Sacrifice Flies plus Times Reached on Defensive Interference.|
|Power/Speed Number||A way to look at power and speed in one number. A player must score high in both areas to earn a high Power/Speed Number.The formula: (HR x SB x 2) divided by (HR + SB).|
|Quality Start||Any start in which a pitcher works six or more innings while allowing three or fewer earned runs.|
|Quick Hooks and Slow Hooks||A Quick Hook is the removal of a pitcher who has pitched less than 6 innings and given up 3 runs or less. A Slow Hook occurs when a pitcher pitches more than 9 innings, or allows 7 or more runs, or whose combined innings pitched and runs allowed totals 13 or more.|
|Range Factor||The number of Chances (Putouts plus Assists) times nine divided by the number of Defensive Innings Played. The average for a Regular Player at each position in 1997:|
- 5.00 points for second base, 2.67 points for third base, 4.56 points for shortstop, and 1.99 points for left field, 2.55 points for center field, and 2.06 points for right field.
|Relief Points (Pts)||Wins plus saves minus losses|
|Run Support Per 9 IP||The number of runs scored by a pitcher’s team while he was still in the game times nine divided by his Innings Pitched.|
|Runs Created||A way to combine a batter’s total offensive contributions into one number. The formula:(H + BB + HBP – CS – GIDP) times (Total Bases +.26(TBB – IBB + HBP) +.52(SH + SF + SB)) divided by (AB + TBB + HBP + SH + SF).|
|Runs/Times on Base||This is calculated by dividing Runs Scored by Times on Base|
|Save Percentage||Saves (SV) divided by Save Opportunities (OP).|
|Save Situation||A Relief Pitcher is in a Save Situation when upon entering the game with his club leading, he has the opportunity to be the finishing pitcher (and is not the winning pitcher of record at the time), and meets any one of the three following conditions:|
- He enters the game with a lead of no more than three runs and has the opportunity to pitch for at least one inning, or he enters the game with the potential tying run on base, at bat, or on deck, regardless of the count, or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save
- Or he pitches three or more innings regardless of the lead and the official scorer awards him a save
|SBA||Stolen-base attempts against a catcher|
|SB Success%||Stolen Bases divided by (Stolen Bases plus Caught Stealing).|
|Secondary Average||A way to look at a player’s extra bases gained, independent of Batting Average. The formula:(Total Bases – Hits + TBB + SB) divided by At Bats.|
|Slow-A||Otherwise known as “Regular A,” these full-season minor leagues contain less-experienced professional players. The Slow-A leagues are the Midwest League and South Atlantic League (Sally).|
|Slugging Percentage||Total Bases divided by At Bats.|
|Stolen Base Percentage Allowed||This figure indicates how successful opposing baserunners are when attempting a stolen base. It’s stolen bases divided by stolen-base attempts.|
|Times on Base||Hits plus walks plus hit by pitch|
|Total Bases||Hits plus Doubles plus (2 times Triples) plus (3 times Home runs).|
|Win-Loss Percentage or Winning Percentage||Wins divided by (Wins plus Losses).|
|Zone Rating||Simply the percentage of balls fielded by a player in his typical defensive “zone,” as measured by STATS reporters.|
|Formulas and Definitions|
|PA||AB + BB + HBP + SF + SH + defensive interference|
|PA*||AB + BB + HBP + SF|
|OBP||(H + BB = HBP)/(AB + BB + HBP + SF)|
|Ahead/Behind in Count||For hitters, ahead in count includes 1-0, 2-0, 3-0, 2-1 and 3-1. Behind in count for hitters includes 0-1, 0-2, 1-2 and 2-2. The opposite is true for pitchers.|
|Day/Night||Officially, night games in the National League are those that start after 5:00 pm, while night games in the AL begin after 6:00 pm. Therefore, a game at 5:30 in Yankee Stadium is a day game while one in Shea Stadium at the same time is a night game. We avoid this silliness by calling all games starting after 5:00pm night games.|
|First Pitch||Refers to the first pitch of a given at bat, and any walks listed here are intentional walks.|
|Grass/Turf||Grass is grass. Turf is artificial turf.|
|Groundball/Flyball Ratio||A hitter’s stats against pitchers that induce mostly grounders or flies, respectively. If the ratio is less than 1.00, then he is a Flyball hitter. If it is greater than 1.50, he is a Groundball hitter. Anything else is classified as neutral. Same cutoffs apply for classifying pitchers. Anyone with less than 50 plate appearances is automatically neutral.|
|First Inning Pitched||Describes the result of the pitcher’s work until he recorded three outs.|
|Inning 1-6 and Inning 7+||These refer to the actual innings in which a pitcher worked.|
|None On/Out||Refers to situation when there are no outs and the bases are empty (generally leadoff situations).|
|None On/Runners On||Describes the status of the baserunners|
|Number of Pitches||This section shows the results of balls put into play while his pitch count was in that range.|
|Pitcher/Batter Match-Ups||The following conditions must be met before a player is added to the list:|
- For a batter to be considered a “Hits Best Against” candidate, there must be at least 10 plate appearances between him and the pitcher
- And for a pitcher to be considered a “Pitches Best Against” candidate, the batter must have a.300 batting average against the pitcher, and the pitcher must limit the batting average of the batter to under.250.
|Scoring Position||At least one runner must be at either second or third base.|
|Vs. 1st Batr (Relief)||Describes what happened to the first batter a reliever faces.|
Baseball Acronyms – Abbreviations
To be successful in handicap games, you must be familiar with the jargon and abbreviations used in the industry. In the list below, you’ll discover a collection of baseball acronyms that you’re likely to see on stat sheets and in box scores. USE YOUR VISA CARD TO DEPOSIT AT ATSPORTS AND PLACE A BET ON MLB GAMES BETTINGAB:At bats is a good bet. ADP is an abbreviation for Average Draft Position. AL stands for American League. A:Assists Batting average (BA): BA A:Batting average versus the opposition BB:Base on balls is an abbreviation for Base on Balls (walk) BF:Batters were up against it BK:Balk BS:Blown opportunity CG: The game has been completed.
- ERA is an abbreviation for earned run average.
- GB stands for ground ball.
- G/F: The ratio of ground balls to fly balls.
- HP:Home plate is spelled with a capital letter.
- LOB:Left over on the field Major League Baseball (MLB) is a type of baseball played in the United States.
- OF:Outfield OBP is an abbreviation for on base percentage.
- PB: The ball was passed to me.
- R:Run was successful.
- RISK:Runners in scoring position are at risk.
- SHO:Shutout SP: The pitcher who will start the game.
The proportion of SV:SaveSLG:Slugging TB:Total number of bases TC:Total number of possibilities TP:Three-way play WHIP is calculated as follows: walks plus hits divided by the number of innings pitched. Wild pitch is the name of the game. X BH: Base hits in addition to the regular base hits
K% and BB%
In baseball, the strikeout rate (K percent) and walk rate (BB percent) are used to determine how often an individual batter walks or strikes out in a given plate appearance. They’re expressed in percentages, making it simple to compare individuals and seasons, but you should proceed with caution because the league average has altered throughout the course of the league’s history. High walk rates are beneficial to hitters since it indicates that they are reaching base frequently, however low walk rates are only acceptable if a player possesses excellent power or contact abilities to compensate for their low walk rates.
- It is still possible for a player with a high strikeout percentage to be a valuable offensive component if the player is still collecting hits and walks while still reaching base at an above-average rate.
- Calculation: The K percent and the BB percent are two of the most straightforward statistics to compute.
- BB percent is equal to BB divided by PA.
- You may be aware with strikeouts per nine innings or walks per nine innings in relation to pitchers, but because batters are normally evaluated on a per-at-bat basis, a per-game strikeout or walk measure for hitters isn’t very useful.
- According to general consensus, a player’s plate discipline and contact abilities may be determined by his or her K percent and BB percent percentages.
- This will not only result in more times on base as a result of walks, but it will also result in them making better contact as they will be more likely to swing at pitches that they can drive in as well.
- Similarly, K percent offers you with a breakdown of how many times a hitter strikes out, but it also provides you with an indication of the batter’s ability to make contact.
As a result, a hitter who strikes out frequently is someone who is failing to create value during those plate appearances (PAs).
However, both statistics not only offer you with a simple overview of some raw information that is frequently useful, but they also assist you in making rapid assumptions about the sort of player you are witnessing.
Generally speaking, a player with a low walk rate and a high strikeout rate will not fare well in Major League Baseball unless they possess tremendous power or exceptional defensive abilities.
You are aware that both statistics are expressed as a % of total PA; thus, if you are only interested in frequency, you may treat them as any other percentage.
The fact that the K percent and the BB percent tend to “stabilize” in very small numbers of PA is vital to remember when considering sample size in this context.
To put it another way, a player’s K percent and BB percent are talents that can be estimated from a minimal quantity of information.
It’s also necessary to understand the backdrop of the league in question.
As the nature of the game evolves, so must your expectations of how things will play out in the game.
Is it fair to assume that batters are becoming worse as time goes on?
To obtain a feel of someone’s approach, we often utilize K percent and BB percent to calculate their percentage of the population.
If you have a large number of BBs, you are a patient person.
However, it’s vital to remember that, while a certain BB percent may be regarded bad, it is still possible to achieve success with that poor rate, especially if you possess other significant talents.
Check out the FanGraphs leaderboards to see the league-average strikeout and walk rates for every year dating back to 1901 and up to the present.
Several things to keep in mind: Power hitters tend to have high strikeout and walk rates, mostly because they swing and miss frequently while being thrown around by pitchers. Contact hitters, on the other hand, have a low strikeout and walk percentage because they make contact with the ball. The more often a hitter strikes out, the more difficult it is for him or her to keep a high batting average since he or she is putting fewer balls in play. In the past, FanGraphs reported K percent as K/AB.
Neither the K percent nor the BB percent are adjusted for park, league, or context.
Listed below are some further reading resources: In baseball, how many strikeouts is too much?
What is BB BB in baseball? – idswater.com
The term “base on balls” (also known as a “walk”) refers to a situation in baseball in which a hitter gets four pitches that are ruled balls by the umpire and is given first base without the risk of being called out.
What does BOT mean in baseball?
Throwing a ball to an unoccupied base while in contact with the pitching plate is considered an illegal pitch or a balk (rubber).
What are the abbreviations for baseball stats?
- An at-bat (AB), a batting average (AVG), a caught stealing (CS), a double (2B), an extra-base hit (XBH), and a walk are all terms used in baseball. Games Played (G)
- Grand Slam (GSH)
- Ground Into Double Play (GIDP)
What does OPI stand for in baseball?
On-base plus slugging is the order of the day.
Is Ball 4 a dead ball?
2-4-3 An intentional base on balls may be awarded by the defensive side by having its catcher or coach request that the batter be awarded first base by the umpire after the batter has reached second base. Prior to pitching to the batter, or at any point throughout the ball and strike count, this should be done. The ball must be certified dead before the prize can be given out.
How many balls before you walk in baseball?
There are four pitches. Walking (also known as “base on balls”) happens when a pitcher throws four pitches that are not batted at by the batter and none of them are called strikes by the umpire. The batter is granted first base after refraining from swinging at four pitches that are outside of his strike zone. BB are the letters that are used to represent a stroll in a scorebook.
What does F mean in baseball?
It is a batted ball that has been struck sharply and directly from the bat to the catcher’s glove, and it has been lawfully caught and thrown to the catcher. If the ball is not caught by the catcher, it is not considered a foul tip, as most broadcasters and journalists wrongly believe it to be in this case. The term “foul ball” refers to a simple misplay of the ball.
What does BB stand for in Urban Dictionary?
AcronymDefinitionBBBasketballBBBaseballBBBulletin BoardBBBedBreakfastBBBasketballBBBaseballBBBulletin BoardBBBedBreakfast (also seen as B B)
What are the abbreviations for Major League Baseball?
Stats from the baseball field. Baseball Abbreviations 101: Offensive Abbreviations for Statistics. AB. BB. AVG. CS. 2B. GIDP. AB. BB. AVG. CS. 2B. GIDP. AB. BB. AVG. CS. 2B. GIDP.
What is the abbreviation for batting average in baseball?
In baseball, there are several advanced stat abbreviations that can be used to track player performance.
BABIP (Batting Average on Balls in Play) is one of the most commonly used to track a player’s performance on balls hit into the field of play, excluding at bats that result in strikeouts, walks, or home runs.
What does RBI stand for in Major League Baseball?
RBI – Runs Batted In – is the total amount of runs scored as a direct result of a player hitting the ball or being intentionally walked while at the plate. At-bats are scored by the number of times a player is walked or granted first base after four balls are thrown during an at-bat. BB stands for Bases on Balls. The amount of times a player is struck out while at bat is measured in strikeouts per game (SO).
What does BB stand for in pitching stats?
In baseball pitching statistics, the abbreviation BB stands for Bases on Balls (Walks).
What does b/t mean in baseball?
B/T is an abbreviation for Bats/Throws (baseball) Make a suggestion for a new definition. There is a fair amount of occurrence of this term, and it can be found in the following Acronym Finder categories: Slang/chat, as well as popular culture
What does ‘bases on balls’ mean in baseball?
The term “base on balls” (also known as a “walk”) refers to a situation in baseball in which a hitter gets four pitches that are ruled balls by the umpire and is given first base without the risk of being called out. The term “base on balls” is defined in Section 2.00 of baseball’s Official Rules, and more explanation may be found in Section 6.08 of those rules (a).
What does Bf mean in baseball stats?
Batters Faced (BF) is an abbreviation for Batters Faced. Batters faced is essentially a tally of the total number of plate appearances made against a specific pitcher or club in a given season. A pitcher will record 27 batters faced if he or she pitches a perfect game with 27 outs. Batters faced may frequently be used as a reference for in-game tactics while analyzing a game.