Baseball Bat Sizes: Bat Sizing Charts for Baseball & Softball
- Over the last two decades, new technology has fundamentally altered the way baseball bats and softball bats are manufactured. Bats are no longer only made of aluminum, but may also be constructed of composite materials, which are well-known for having a material that the ball leaps off of when it hits it. In addition, there are rigorous rules about the kind of bats that can be used based on the age of the player. Even though purchasing a new baseball or softball bat for your 8-year-old or high schooler might be intimidating, the following information can make the process a little less stressful for you. You’ll learn about the following things from this guide: Using the following table, you may determine the length of the bat you should purchase after measuring yourself or your child: Although there are several methods for determining the optimal baseball bat length, the most effective method is to pick a length that you feel comfortable swinging. A typical rule to follow is to never go more than an inch at a time when climbing a ladder. This makes it easy to become used to your new bat without having to substantially alter your swing. When starting off in the game or resizing oneself, the methods outlined below will teach you how to properly measure yourself:
- Measure from the middle of your chest to the tips of your index fingers, ensuring sure your arm is straight out to your side while you do so: Having determined the suitable bat size to use by calculating all of the figures and consulting the bat length chart above, there are a few extra techniques to check whether or not the size you picked is correct:
- As long as your palm reaches the handle of the bat while it is placed by your side, you have the correct size bat. The knob of the bat should be positioned in the center of your chest, with the bat pointing outward
- The bat is the proper size if you can reach out with your arm and hold the barrel of the bat
How to Measure Your Child for a Youth Bat
In the case of purchasing abat for your child, the method of measuring will be a bit different. If your young kid is between the heights of 3′ and 3’4″, start with a 26-inch bat and raise the size of the bat by one inch for every 4- to 5-inch rise in height. The procedures outlined below are the most effective method of identifying the appropriate youth bat size for children:
Choosing the Correct Length Youth Bat: Measure His/Her Height
Make certain that his or her baseball cleats are on when you measure. Place a bat next to your youngster and ask him or her to compare himself or herself to the bat. Your child’s hip should be reached by the bat, but not exceeded. Unless it extends over his or her hip area, it will be too lengthy to swing effectively.
Choosing the Correct Weight Youth Bat: Weigh Him/Her
He/she should consider their weight while choosing which bat to swing because the little league bat size chart takes into consideration their weight and height in order to establish the most appropriate bat size. Generally speaking:
- Children weighing less than 60 pounds should use a bat that is between 26 and 29 inches in length
- Children weighing more than 70 pounds should use a bat that is between 28 and 32 inches in length.
What is Bat Drop?
The negative or drop weight is used to determine the bat weight. When you measure drop weight, you are comparing the difference between the bat’s length and weight. For example, a bat that is 30 inches long with a drop weight of -10 will weigh 20 ounces. The greater the size of the drop weight, the lighter the bat will be in weight. Keep in mind that only high school baseball bats and college baseball bats are subject to regulation, and their drops must be no greater than -3. If you are a powerful player, it is reasonable to anticipate that you will require a heavier bat.
- You’ll want to choose a bat that permits you to achieve the optimal amount of bat speed through the zone while still swinging it.
- The length of the bat must be taken into consideration in order to determine the weight of the bat once a baseline has been established for that length.
- They may not be able to lift a heavier bat, thus they would need a bat with a greater weight drop.
- Take, for example, the following example:
- The inertia of a long, light bat will allow you to swing the bat very quickly, but the bat will not have much inertia behind it. Using a short, heavy bat, you will not have the fastest bat speed, but you will have a lot of inertia on your side of the ball.
Choosing the length and weight of the bat with which you swing is a personal decision; you should experiment with different combinations of what feels comfortable with the type of player you want to be. As a contact hitter, you won’t be concerned about losing inertia with your swing, but if you want to hit for power like Giancarlo Stanton and swing for the fences, you’ll want the inertia that a shorter, heavier bat will provide you with.
Refer to the table below to get a general sense of the type of bat drop you should be employing. Always remember that the table below may be used to determine bat drop for both baseball and softball bats, and that the chart below can be utilized by both adult and child players:
Bat Sizing Charts by Age and League
While the allowed drop weight varies from league to league, the length of the bat may be generalized based on the age of the participants. The following charts show the predicted bat size ranges for child leagues according on age groups, ranging from Under 7 (5/6) to Under 13 (13). Using the following table, you may determine the appropriate size baseball bat for your boy or daughter:
Youth Baseball Bat Sizing Chart by Age (7-13 years old)
The chart below shows the different sizes of youth baseball bats according to league and age. These are designed to be basic standards to follow when sizing kid baseball bats, rather than specific recommendations. The precise dimensions of your child will determine the specific size youth bat that your youngster will require.
Little League Bat Size Chart
High School and College Bat Sizing by Age
The table below shows the differences in baseball bat sizes for high school and college players based on their age. The size rules for high school and collegiate baseball bats are the same.
High School and College Bat Size Chart
|Age||14-15||16-18||18 and Over|
Fastpitch Softball Bat Sizing by Age
Finally, we have a fastpitch softball bat sizing chart that is broken down by age. As players get older, their bats become longer and heavier, and their bat drop decreases (difference between length and weight).
Fastpitch Softball Bat Size Chart
|Age||Under 7||8-9||10-11||12-13||14 and Over|
Bat Size Rules and Regulations
Recent rule modifications have been implemented in most leagues in an effort to make the game safer and more competitive. This is why new bats must meet stricter safety requirements, and all players are required to adhere to these guidelines going forward.
USA Baseball Bats
Beginning on January 1, 2018, a new USA Baseball Bat Standard will be implemented by a number of youth baseball organizations. With this regulation adjustment, the goal is to make the game more consistent while still ensuring the long-term integrity of the game. Several baseball organizations, including Little League, Babe Ruth, PONY, the American Amateur Baseball Congress, the Cal Ripken Baseball Foundation, and Dixie Youth, have adopted this revised bat standard. According to the new regulation modification, T-Ballbats will also be affected.
The weight decreases might range from -13.5 pounds to a maximum of -5 pounds.
Big Barrel Bats for Pony Leagues
USSSA did not adopt the new USA Baseball Bat rule change. The rules for USSSA bats have not altered, and they will continue to utilize baseball bats that have been approved by the USSSA. Bats with the “USSSA 1.15 BPF” sticker on them will be legal for use in USSSA competition. The barrel diameter of these bats ranges from 2 5/8″ to 2 3/4″. The weight reductions range from -12 to -5 pounds. USSSA bats are no longer legal for use in leagues that play under the new USA Baseball Bat Standard, which was implemented in January.
High School and College Bats (BBCOR)
BBCOR (Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution) certified bats are required for all high school and collegiate baseball bats. In order to obtain BCCOR certification, baseball bats must meet a revised measuring standard, which has superseded the previous BESR (Bat Exit Speed Ratio) Certification. Look for the certification stamp on the right-hand side of the page. When the bat and ball collide, this standard is intended to evaluate the trampoline effect of the bat and ball, rather than simply measuring the departure speed of the ball.
As a result, BBCOR batsperforms more closely resemble wood bats. High school and college bats should have a -3 weight drop to meet league requirements, and they can range in size from 31″ to 34″.
Fastpitch and Slowpitch Softball Bats
When selecting a fastpitchorslowpitchsoftball bat, you should consider which league you will be playing in and which bat restrictions you will need to follow. It is advisable to double-check your league’s rules before purchasing a bat, as ASA bats are not permitted in USSSA play and vice versa unless the bat has a dual stamp on the bottom.
Types and Materials of Bats
Now that you’ve determined the length, weight, and league type that you’ll want for your new bat, it’s time to choose a material for it. At the amateur level, there are often three options:
Composite Bats vs. Alloy Bats vs. Hybrid Bats
When it comes to selecting the material for your bat, the choice is very straightforward: either wood or non-wood is acceptable. Wood is normally reserved for the pros, practice bats, and competitions, with the exception of those states that require its usage in certain situations. However, after you’ve decided on a non-wood bat, the task of selecting a bat material might seem daunting. You may use the chart below as a fast reference guide to help you recall the distinctions: It might be difficult to choose which sort of bat is the most appropriate for your needs.
Composite bats are comprised of a layered material, similar to carbon fiber, that allows the bat’s weight distribution to be easily controlled. Composite bats are used in baseball and softball. Depending on the style, manufacturers can create balanced bats (in which the weight is uniformly distributed) or end-loaded bats (in which the weight is concentrated at the end of the barrel, resulting in a larger swing weight).
Pros of Composite Bats
- Minimization of hand vibrations, which helps to reduce the sensation of being hit by a miss-hit ball. There is a tendency for a bigger sweet spot and greater “pop.”
Cons of Composite Bats
- Because the manufacturing process is more sophisticated, composite bats are often more expensive than metal bats. It is not recommended to use a composite at temperatures below 60 degrees since it would reduce performance and increase the risk of cracking. It is necessary to have a break-in period. It’s important to remember that a composite bat will not pop until it’s been broken in. Follow these steps to get it up and running:
- It is recommended that you hit between 150 and 200 times using a conventional baseball or softball, rather than a rubber batting cage ball. Each time you hit the ball, slightly rotate the bat to ensure that it is evenly broken in
- This will ensure that your bat lasts a long time.
The method outlined above is the only one that is suggested for breaking in your composite bat. Hitting your bat against a tree or rolling it are not suggested since they will cause damage to the bat and void the manufacturer’s warranty, respectively. More information may be found by following our step-by-step instructions on how to break in a composite bat.
Alloy bats, also known as metal and aluminum bats, have been around for a longer period of time than composite bats have.
Pros of Alloy Bats
- They tend to be less expensive than composite bats
- They do not require a break-in period, which means they are ready to use immediately out of the package
- And they do not require a break-in period. In many cases, they survive longer than other materials, and even when they are damaged, they dent rather than fracture. This implies that even if they are damaged, they may still be used, whereas composite bats cannot be used after they have cracked. As long as a barrel ring can be used to secure the bat to the barrel, it will be regarded lawful to use.
Cons of Alloy Bats
It is generally accepted that the more costly the alloy, the longer the sweet spot will be, and the more well-balanced the bat. If you enjoy both alloy and composite bats, you may obtain a hybrid, also known as a composite/alloy bat. Hybrid bats are made with a composite handle and an alloy barrel for increased durability. The advantages of purchasing a hybrid bat are that you may obtain the composite handle, which minimizes vibration, as well as the alloy barrel, which provides better performance and cost savings.
Hybrid bats are baseball bats that combine a composite handle with an alloy barrel to form a single baseball ball bat. This design blends the advantages of a light composite handle with the durability of an alloy barrel to provide the best of both worlds for the player and the game.
Pros of Hybrid Bats
- Hybrid bats are often less expensive than composite bats
- Nevertheless, composite bats are more expensive. Because to the composite handle, there is a lighter sensation when swinging. Hybrid bats, like aluminum bats, are ready to use straight away and do not require any breaking in time. Hybrid bats tend to be more durable than composite bats
- Composite bats are less durable than hybrid bats.
Cons of Hybrid Bats
- In certain leagues, it is not permitted
- In the same way as composite bats are subject to cracking and temperature hazards, handle is also sensitive.
One-piece Bats vs. Two-piece Bats
- One-piece bats are often stiffer and more balanced than two-piece bats. Because the one-piece construction does not allow for more vibration control, they will frequently experience excessive vibration on miss-hit balls. Two-piece bats tend to have more flex and less vibration than three-piece bats
Top Baseball Bat Brands
Generally speaking, contact hitters gain more from one-piece bats because of the improved balance, but power hitters benefit more from two-piece bats because of the extra flexibility. The decision between the two is depends on your personal preference as well as your striking style. Knowing what sort of baseball or softball bat you’ll need to start swinging is a good start.
Come check out our assortment ofbaseball bats and softball bats to choose a fresh new bat for yourself or the young athlete in your life. Do you still require assistance? To learn more about our products and services, stop by one of our retail locations or give us a call.
The Bat Size Guide – How to Choose The Perfect Sized Bat
If you go to your local sports goods store or an online e-tailer to look at the range of baseball bats, you will discover that choosing one might be a difficult proposition. The days of being able to pick from a small selection of bats at your local baseball or sports goods store are long gone. The growth in the number of bat manufacturers, along with the rise in popularity of online purchasing, has resulted in a plethora of bat alternatives. Are you ready to make a purchase? Consider looking at our list of the top 10 best rated kid baseball bats to assist you in finding the ideal bat for your little baseball player!
Our baseball bat specialists have put together a detailed guide to assist you in finding the ideal size bat for you or the baseball player in your family.
The Anatomy of a Baseball Bat
Starting with an understanding of the anatomy of a baseball bat, we can avoid any ambiguity in the language as we go through this essay, which will be beneficial.
Choosing the Right Bat Based on Player’s Height and Weight
Starting with an understanding of the anatomy of a baseball bat, we can avoid any ambiguity in the language as we go through this text, which will save time.
The Right Bat Size for Players Standing 5-Feet Tall or Taller
Players who are between the heights of 5’1″ and 5’4″ and weigh between 71 pounds and 120 pounds are suggested to purchase a bat with a 31-inch length for their use. Plyers in this height range, weighing between 121 pounds and 180 pounds, should use a 32-inch bat to make their throws and strikes. A 33-inch bat, on the other hand, is recommended for players between these heights who weigh more over 180 pounds. In order to profit from a 31-inch bat, players must be between the heights of 5’5″ and 5’8″ and weigh between 91 and 100 pounds.
A bat with a length of 33 inches is excellent for people who are between 141 and 180 pounds in weight and are of average height.
Those who fall into any of these height categories and weigh more than 160 pounds will discover that a 34-inch bat is the perfect length for them.
Bat Size in Relation to Age
Height and weight were mentioned, but does age play a part in determining the proper size bat for a player? It most certainly does! Despite the fact that the guidelines for bat size by age should be followed with greater latitude than the recommendations for bat size by height and weight, the age factor should be taken into consideration when picking the appropriate size baseball or softball bat. In general, children under the age of seven who play baseball should use a bat with a length ranging from 24 inches to 26 inches.
It is recommended that baseball players between the ages of ten and eleven use a bat with a length ranging from 28 inches to 30 inches.
The bat length required by high school and college baseball players will be longer than that required by players in small league baseball.
Players between the ages of 16 and 18 will discover that a bat with a length between 32 inches and 34 inches is the most effective.
Finally, because people above the age of 18 are considered adults, it seems sense to lengthen the bat even more, even though it will likely weigh more as a result. A 32- to 34-inch bat length is recommended for baseball players over the age of 18 in the sport.
Softball Bat Size Guide – Picking the Right Size Softball Bat Based on Player Height, Weight and Age
The purchase of a fastpitch softball bat between the lengths of 24 inches and 26 inches for fastpitch softball players under the age of seven is strongly recommended. The ideal bat length for fastpitch softball players between the ages of eight and nine is between 26 and 29 inches in length, depending on the player’s height. The ideal bat for your child, who is between the ages of 10 and 11, and who is playing fastpitch softball, is one with a length ranging from 28 inches to 31 inches. Fastpitch softball players between the ages of 12 and 13 should use a bat with a length ranging from 29 inches to 33 inches.
Check out our buying recommendations as well as our list of the top ten best fastpitch softball bats for this season.
League Requirements/ Certifications of Bats by Player Age
You should now be able to focus your attention on the specific standards of your particular league now that you have determined the optimal bat size for your height, weight, and age. Each baseball league has its own set of rules and certifications for bats, which are regulated by the age of the players participating. A USA Baseball-certified bat is essential for most minor league baseball kids in order to compete in their league. Such bats were created to strike baseballs, similar to how wooden bats strike baseballs.
Many child baseball leagues, including the following, have pre-approved such baseball bats in the past:
- Baseball programs such as Little League Baseball, Dixie Boys Baseball, Dixie Youth Baseball, the Cal Ripken League, Babe Ruth, and others are available.
Players between the ages of 14 and under will benefit the most from USAA bats, which are short for United States Specialty Sports Association. These bats, which are also known as Senior League bats, have a barrel size that ranges between 2 and 14 inches and 2 and 3 1/4 inches. In the world of adult bats, the BBCOR (Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution) is commonly regarded as the industry standard (abbreviated BBCOR). The BBCOR is the agency in charge of controlling the amount of energy lost when the bat barrel comes into contact with the baseball tee.
High school and college players must use a baseball bat that has been approved by the Baseball Bat Certification Organization (BBCOR).
Baseball Bat Construction and Material
Baseball bats made of composite materials are not much different from those made of carbon fiber materials. Composite bats provide producers greater control over how weight is dispersed throughout the bat than traditional bats do. Composite bats can be end-loaded, which means that the barrel’s end can bear a disproportionately greater amount of weight. Bats built of composite materials can also have their weight spread uniformly. Composite bats have a relatively big sweet spot, which means they may be broken in with as little as 100-150 ball strikes before they become unusable.
- Composite bats are susceptible to cracking when exposed to cold temperatures.
- Aluminized bats (also known as aluminum bats) are less costly than the composite kind since they are constructed of aluminum alloy.
- Despite the fact that alloy bats have the ability to be damaged, indentations rather than cracks are the most common type of damage suffered by them.
- Those bats have a composite handle and an alloy barrel, combining the greatest characteristics of both materials to create a really excellent bat.
- Alloy is sometimes preferred over other materials because of its durability.
- Despite the fact that wooden bats do not have the same power or longevity as alloy bats, they are significantly more physically appealing and prepare players for a possible shift to the major leagues, where wooden bats are required.
The most common types of wooden bats are made of birch, maple, and ash. Check out our post on the top 10 best wood bats for this season to discover which ones we think are the best this year.
Baseball Bat Cost and Durability
The durability of metal, composite, and hybrid bats is far greater than that of wood-based bats, as previously stated. As a result of its large sweet spot and ability to make a unique sound at the time of impact, composite bats are rather costly, with prices often ranging from $200 to $300 or more. Alloy bats generally range in price from $50 to $300 per bat. Alloy is frequently used because it produces a significant amount of pop at the plate while also standing the test of time. Wooden bats made of birch, maple, or ash may cost upwards of $200, but they are not as durable as other bats since wood is far more likely to shatter when making contact with a baseball delivered at a high rate of speed than other materials.
One Piece Bats Vs. Two Piece Bats
The durability of metal, composite, and hybrid bats is far greater than that of wood-based bats, as previously mentioned. As a result of its large sweet spot and ability to make a unique sound at the time of impact, composite bats are rather costly, generally costing $200 or more. In most cases, alloy bats range in price from $50 to $300 per piece. Due of its ability to produce significant pop at the plate and to withstand the test of time, alloy is frequently used in baseball. Wooden bats made of birch, maple, or ash may cost upwards of $200, but they are not as durable as other bats since wood is far more likely to shatter when coming into contact with a baseball tossed at a high rate of speed than other materials.
Youth Baseball Bat Size Chart, Baseball & Softball Bat Sizing Guide
Over the last decade or so, advances in technology have fundamentally altered the way baseball and softball bats are manufactured and used. Bats are no longer built only of aluminum, as they were in the past; instead, they now incorporate Composite Technology, which helps the barrel to compress more, allowing the ball to bounce farther. The process of shopping for a new baseball bat, whether in a store or online, may get difficult because to the variety of bat sizes, drops, styles, and barrel sizes available.
HOW TO MEASURE YOURSELF FOR A BAT:
Despite the fact that there are several methods for determining your ideal bat length, the most effective one is to just pick up the bat and swing it around. The ability to choose a proper beginning place can be derived from charts and the knowledge of coaches and parents, but just swinging the bat will always bring you where you need to go without causing any headaches or discomfort. Oh, and don’t forget to remember. That is the most enjoyable part! If you are new to baseball or simply want to obtain a solid idea of where you should be beginning from, the methods outlined below should help: 1.Weigh and measure your own body weight!
As a result of this measurement, you will know where to look on the chart below: Assuming you’ve determined the right bat size to use by calculating all of the measures and weights shown in the table above, there are several more techniques to determine whether or not a certain bat will work for you.
You should be OK with the length of your reach as long as your palm reaches the handle. 3.Tuck the Knob into your chest (in the centre of it) and stretch out with your arm; if you can grip the barrel with your arm, the length should be suitable.
HOW TO MEASURE CHILDREN FOR THE APPROPRIATE BAT:
1) Place the youngster in their cleats (they will be wearing them during the game) and measure his or her height. 2.Have him/her stand close to the bats end cap, which should be level on the ground. If the bat knob extends beyond the child’s hip, it may be too lengthy for him or her. 3.Weigh your child; the height and weight table above serves as an excellent beginning point for determining the right bat size for your youngster.
- A youngster weighing less than 60 pounds will typically swing a bat that is between 26 and 29 inches in length. If he or she weighs more over 70 pounds, he or she will often be able to swing a 28-32 inch bat.
*Please keep in mind that these are only recommendations and are not intended to be flawless. The most accurate technique to size a youngster is to have them swing friends’ bats until they discover one that is comfortable for them. Seeking further information on which penalty your child should receive? Look no further. Please visit this page to view our Baseball and Softball Bat Sizing Guide for 2020. This tutorial will lead you through the various league fines as well as a more in-depth explanation on the different sorts of bats and drops.
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How to Buy a Baseball Bat
For baseball players, a bat is an absolutely essential piece of equipment. However, with a wide range of lengths, weights, and materials to choose from, selecting the correct one for your skill level and individual swing may be a challenging undertaking. Some prerequisites must be met in order to understand what to look for when selecting a baseball bat. Your league statistics, certain measurements, and your personal preferences may all be used to help you locate the best stick for your particular swing style.
Before you start thinking about which baseball bat to buy, it’s a good idea to become acquainted with the different sections of your lumber. In order to disassemble a baseball bat, there are five key components to consider: the knob, grip, handle, barrel and endcap. Starting at the bottom, the knob assists you in keeping your hands in position while you grasp onto the bat’s handle. Following that, the diameter of your bat narrows as it progresses from the narrow handle to the larger barrel. If you want to make contact with the ball, you should seek for it in the barrel.
AGE AND LEAGUE
When selecting a baseball bat for your next season, one of the first considerations you should make is the laws of your particular league. The USABat, the USSSA, and the BBCOR are the three most prevalent governing bodies for bats. The USABat standard improves the performance of young bats by making them more similar to wood bats while still allowing players to swing lightweight variants. Even after being broken in, the BBCOR (Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution) of adult baseball bats produces the same wood-like performance as it does in youth baseball bats.
Every league, regardless of age, will adhere to a set bat standard when it comes to their equipment requirements. To provide a broad starting point, consider the following:
- It is expected that players between the ages of 4 and 6 will require an atee ball bat. It is most probable that players between the ages of 7 and 13 will require a USA bat or a USSSA bat. In most cases, players between the ages of 14 and 18 will require a bat that meets the BCOR batstandards.
The standard logo for these leagues is generally imprinted on the barrel or face of the bat in one of many locations. When searching, this might assist you by providing a more visible hint. Again, before making a purchase, consult with a coach or league official to confirm that the bat you intend to purchase will fit league specifications.
Following the narrowing down of your bat standard, the next determining element should be your bat measurements. The length of your bat might have an impact on your swing mechanics and plate coverage. If you take too long, you run the danger of impairing your bat speed or swing mechanics. If you’re too short, you’ll be unable to cover the entire plate, resulting in a loss of a section of your strike zone. Having the appropriate bat length can assist you in finding a happy medium between these two possibilities.
- Placing the bottom of the bat in the middle of your chest and directing it to the side, parallel to your outstretched arm, is a good starting position for your attack. In order to determine how long the bat should be, you should be able to easily reach its top with your fingertips. Lie the bottom of the bat down in the middle of your chest, with the bottom of the bat facing outward. This means that if your arm can reach out and grip the barrel of the bat, then it is the proper length. Place the bat on the side of your leg and swing it. When you reach down with your hand, the end of the bat should reach the middle of your palm
- Otherwise, it is the proper length.
You can refer to this size chart for guidance if you are unable to grip a bat and measure using these methods. While this chart might assist you in getting started, it is recommended that you follow the measuring procedures provided to get your ideal fit.
The optimal weight is determined primarily by how it feels. You should replace the bat if it feels heavy or begins to drop after a few swings, which indicates that it is too heavy for you. Holding the bat handle and stretching your arm to the side is a good exercise. If you are unable to maintain full extension of the bat for 30 to 45 seconds, the bat may be too heavy for you. Make careful to take into consideration the “drop weight.” The drop of a bat is the measurement obtained by subtracting the weight of the bat from the length of the bat’s body.
The lighter the bat is, the higher the drop weight of the ball.
It is possible for smaller players to benefit from higher drop weights, which can assist them improve their bat speed.
When it comes to picking a bat, there are two basic materials to consider: wood and metal. Wood bats may be crafted from a variety of species, including ash, maple, and birch. Different varieties of wood can have a variety of characteristics. Most wood bats have a -3 drop to make purchase easier and more consistent. Do you have any more questions regarding wood bats? See our buying a wood baseball bat guide for more information. Alloy baseball bats, often known as aluminum baseball bats, are ready to be used right out of the package.
They have a smaller sweet spot, but they perform well in any climate and, owing to their resilience, they may even survive for extended periods of time.
Composite bats offer a larger sweet spot and produce less vibration in the hands than traditional bats.
They are more costly, and they require a break-in time of around 150 to 200 hits before they can be used. There are also hybrid solutions available. They are often constructed with composite grips to reduce vibration and alloy barrels to eliminate the need for break-in time.
ONE-PIECE VS. TWO-PIECE BATS
A last point to consider when buying the best baseball bat for you is whether to go with a one-piece or two-piece construction. It is the amount of flex and energy transfer that your stick will have that is the most significant distinction between these two alternatives.
- One-piece bats, as the name implies, are made of a single continuous piece of metal. When the bat makes contact with the ball, there is no bend or give in the bat, which results in little or no energy loss. The benefits of this include that it allows for a balanced and powerful swing, although mishits can inflict stinging in the hands
- Two-piece bats are made by fusing a barrel and a handle together at the same time. This split design has the potential to provide greater flex and “whip” in the swing, resulting in quicker bat speeds in the field. Two-piece bats can also tolerate vibrations, making them a suitable choice for players who want to reduce the stinging sensation when they hit the ball.
Any material performance assessment will always be overshadowed by the way a bat feels in a ballplayer’s hands. Take some safe practice swings in a batting cage, such as theHitTrax Batting Cagesat DICK’S Sporting Goods, to improve your technique. Make some cuts with bats that are the proper length and weight for the situation. Selecting the material that feels more natural to you should be your first consideration. The process of selecting the best baseball bat for your needs may be a fun way to add a personal touch to your equipment list.
Baseball Bat Sizing Chart and Buying Guide
Choosing the best baseball bat these days is more difficult than it used to be. Because of technological advances, there are more possibilities than ever before, but this also means that you have a higher chance of finding the baseball bat that was specifically designed for you. The right baseball bat for any situation, whether you’re just starting started and need a Tee Ball Bat, are playing travel ball and require a USSSA Baseball Bat, or are an older player seeking for the most up-to-date BBCOR Baseball Bat, Baseball Express has what you’re looking for.
- Once you have this information, you can use this table to determine the length of the bat that will be required.
- For a second opinion on whether the length is appropriate for you, place the bat by your side and see whether your palm can reach the handle while the bat’s head is still touching the ground.
- It’s likely that the bat is too short if you have to bend down to grip the handle, and you should consider purchasing a larger size.
- The length of the bat minus the weight is referred to as the drop.
- As a result, the greater the drop weight, the lighter the bat will be.
- Based on the player’s age, the following are some fast drop ideas for him or her: Weight and length restrictions will be imposed by the majority of leagues.
- As bat research and technology has progressed, making this selection more difficult, particularly if you are in the market for a metal baseball bat, has become more difficult.
This section gives a high-level overview of the many metal kinds you will come across, as well as the variances between each of these metal types. Unless otherwise stated, all prices and estimations are for adult-size bats.
In comparison to carbon fiber bats, composite bats are built of a material that is fairly comparable in composition. This allows the makers to have considerably greater control over the weight distribution of the bat. These bats can be built with the weight uniformly distributed, or they can be end-loaded, in which case a greater percentage of the weight is carried by the end of barrel of the bat. Composite bats have a wider sweet spot than the other types of bats we will describe in this area, however, unlike the other types of bats we will explore in this section, they require a break-in period of around 150 hits.
- However, if properly cared for, this bat may live for an extremely long time.
- Alloy bats, sometimes referred to as “aluminum bats,” are less costly than their composite counterparts and do not require any break-in time.
- If you are new to the game or simply aren’t sure what sort of bat to buy, alloy is typically the most secure option for beginners.
- Hybrid bats, which traditionally have an alloy barrel and a composite handle, combine the toughness of alloy with the lower weight of composite to create a more balanced bat.
- Bats, which are traditionally constructed of Ash, Maple, and Birch, have grown in popularity over the last few years as a result of this.
- They are also more expensive.
- CERTIFICATIONS FROM THE LEAGUE So you’ve determined what size bat you’ll need, and you’ve selected the appropriate type; all that remains is to ensure that your bat has the appropriate certification.
Make sure to check with your league before making a purchase to ensure that you are purchasing a bat that has the correct accreditation.
Little League® participants (those aged 14 and younger) are required to utilize a bat that has been certified by USA Baseball.
These bats have been pre-approved by a number of youth baseball organizations, including Babe Ruth and Cal Ripken, Dixie Youth Baseball, Dixie Boys Baseball, PONY Baseball, Little League Baseball, and the American Association of Baseball Coaches (AABC).
They are sometimes referred to as “Senior League” bats, and they are available in barrel sizes ranging from 2 1/4″ to 2 3/4″ in diameter.
The BBCOR governs what is known as the “trampoline effect,” which is the amount of energy wasted when the barrel of the bat makes contact with the baseball in a game.
It is mandatory to use a BBCOR-certified baseball bat if you are competing at the high school or college level.
One of our baseball bat specialists would be pleased to assist you in finding the best baseball bat to meet your specific needs.
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Baseball Bat Buying Guide
The weight of a bat is measured in ounces (oz.). The weight of a bat is sometimes determined by its “weight drop,” which is the difference between its length in inches and its weight in ounces. Using the example of a 32-inch, 22-ounce bat, the term “-10 bat” would be used to refer to the bat.
BAT LENGTH (IN.) – BAT WEIGHT (OZ.) = WEIGHT DROP
As a general rule of thumb, the higher the level of competition or league (i.e., from kids league to professional), the greater the weight loss. A smaller weight decrease suggests that the bat seems to be heavier. As a result, a -5 bat will feel significantly heavier than a -10 bat. The correct bat weight is determined by three key considerations: the sport, the league rules, and the player’s personal choice.
- Leagues have regulations that specify which weight drops are permissible for use during games. We recommend that you check with your league to see if there is a specific requirement for bat weight decreases that must be met in order for them to be approved before making your purchase. Batting lighter is more common among players with less experience, which allows them to maintain greater bat control. More experienced players like to use heavier bats in order to enhance their strength and power. Swing speed is a good indicator of whether or not a bat is suited for you. A bat that is overly heavy makes it more difficult to swing, resulting in a loss of momentum, reduced distance, or a complete miss. If a player uses a bat that is too light for him or her, he or she may miss out on the extra force that a heavier bat would provide. It is necessary to find a happy medium. In order to establish the ideal weight for you, it is strongly advised that you demo a bat against live pitching speeds.
The most typical weight reductions in various baseball leagues are -12, -10, -9, -8, -5, and -3 pounds per kilogram of body weight. As you move through high school baseball, the weight loss becomes less significant (the bats become heavier). When upgrading to a heavier bat, you may elect to shorten the length of the bat by an inch or two in order to more easily manage the added weight. As you improve in age, league, and talent level, this is a question of personal choice and comfort at the plate that you should consider.
Baseball bat – Wikipedia
Baseball As America, a traveling exhibit by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, features four historically significant baseball bats on display. From left to right: Babe Ruth’s bat used to hit his 60th home run during the 1927 season, Roger Maristo’s bat used to hit his 61st home run during the 1961 season, Mark McGwire’s bat used to hit his 70th home run during the 1998 season, and Sammy Sosa’s bat used to hit his 66th home run during the same season. It is a smooth wooden or metal club that is used in the sport ofbaseball in order to strike the ball after it has been thrown by the pitcher.
Although traditionally, bats weighing up to 3 pounds (1.4 kg) were swung, currently, bats weighing 33 ounces (0.94 kg) are typical, with the highest weights ranging from 34 ounces (0.96 kg) to 36 ounces (0.98 kg) (1.0 kg).
Each of the zones of a baseball bat has a specific function. The “barrel” of the bat refers to the thick section of the bat where the ball is intended to be struck. According to the barrel’s structure and swinging technique, the region of the barrel that is optimal for hitting the ball is referred to as the “sweet spot.” The “top,” “end,” or “cap” of the bat refers to the end of the barrel of the bat. The barrel narrows as it approaches the “handle,” which is comparably small, allowing batters to securely grasp the bat in their hands on the opposite side of the cap from the top.
In baseball, the phrase “lumber” refers to a bat that is frequently used, especially when it is wielded by a highly skilled hitter.
In the case of a 30-ounce, 33-inch-long baseball bat, the bat drop is negative three (30 x 33 = -3). Larger bat drops aid in increasing swing speed, whereas smaller drops result in more power.
The shape of the bat has evolved over time to become more sophisticated. Baseball hitters were known to mold or whittle their own bats by hand during the mid-19th century, resulting in a wide variety of forms, sizes, and weights. There were flat bats, round bats, short bats, and obese bats, to name a few variations. Earlier bats were known to be far heavier and bigger than the bats that are presently controlled. The forms of knives, as well as the patterns of their handles, were explored extensively during the nineteenth century.
Emile Kinst was given Patent No. 430,388 on June 17, 1890 for a “better ball-bat.” The patent was for a “improved ball-bat.”
- Emile Kinst received his patent for the ball-bat, sometimes known as the banana bat, on June 17, 1890. In order to be called a banana bat, the bat’s form is shaped like a banana. According to Kinst, the purpose of his invention is to “provide a ball-bat which shall produce a rotary or spinning motion of the ball in its flight to a greater degree than is possible with any present known form of ball-bat, and thus to make it more difficult to catch the ball, or if caught, hold it, and thus to further modify the conditions of the game.” The mushroom bat, invented by Spalding in 1906, is an example of this. The Spalding firm created a bigger baseball bat with a mushroom-shaped knob on the handle in response to the increased size of baseball bats in the 1900s. The WrightDitsons Lajoie baseball bat, as a result, allowed the hitter to achieve a more even distribution of weight across the whole length of the bat. This bat featured a standard-sized barrel, but it also had two knobs on the grip for more control. The lowest knob was located at the bottom of the handle, while the other knob was approximately two inches above the lowest knob on each side of the handle. Because the knob is located in the middle of the grip, this was created to allow for more space between the hands during playing. When hitters choked up on the bat, the second knob allowed a stronger grip with the mushroom-shaped handle
- In 1990, Bruce Leinert had the concept of putting an axehandle on the baseball bat, which became a popular design feature. In 2007, he submitted a patent application for the ‘Axe Bat,’ and the bat began to be utilized in the collegiate and professional ranks over the next few years. Axe handled bats were used by the Marietta CollegePioneers baseball team to win the NCAA Division III World Series in 2012. Several Major League Baseballplayers, includingMookie Betts,Dustin Pedroia,George Springer,Kurt Suzuki, and Danby Swanson, have adopted the bat handle.
Materials and manufacture
Baseball bats are commonly composed of either hardwood or a metal alloy, depending on the sport (typically aluminum). The majority of wooden bats are constructed of ash, while other woods such as maple, hickory, and bamboo are sometimes used. Since the release of the first major league sanctioned model in 1997, hickory bats have fallen out of favor due to their heavier weight, which slows down bat speed, but maple bats have gained popularity as a result of their lighter weight, which speeds up bat speed.
- While breaking baseball’s single-season home run record in 2001 and the lifetime home run record in 2007, Barry Bonds utilized maple bats throughout both of those seasons.
- The label on each bat is placed on the side of the wood that is more susceptible to mechanical failure.
- The bat is regarded to be stiffer and less prone to shatter when it is oriented in this manner.
- In the case of bats made of ash, labels will often be located where the grain spacing is the most extensive.
- The use of maple bats in particular was formerly suspected (around 2008) of potentially shattering in a way that resulted in a large number of sharp edges, which may result in more deadly projectiles when they were broken.
- A constant stream of anecdotal reports of sales at sporting goods retailers suggests that maple is overtaking ash as the most widely used new baseball bat material in the United States at this time.
- Despite the strictness of league rules, there is much of room for individual variation, with many hitters deciding on their own bat profile or one that has been utilized by a successful batter.
- For example, Babe Ruth’s template, which became popular among major-league players after his death, is housed at the Louisville Slugger archives, where it has been numbered R43 since its creation.
- As soon as the basic bat has been turned, it is imprinted with the manufacturer’s name, the serial number, and sometimes even the signature of the player who is endorsing it on the other side of the wood from its best side.
A rounded head is next, but approximately 30 percent of players prefer a “cup-balanced” head, in which a cup-shaped indentation is formed in the head; this was first brought to the big leagues in the early 1970s by José Cardenal; this lightens the bat and shifts the center of gravity closer to the handle.
At the end of the process, the bat is stained in one of many conventional colors. These include natural, red, black, and a two-tone blue and white combination.
Environmental threat to ash wood
More than 50 million trees have been destroyed by theemerald ash borer, an alien beetle that was mistakenly introduced into the United States from Asia. It is now threatening the groves of ash trees in New York’s Adirondack Mountains that are used to create baseball bats. The beetle is likely able to survive in an environment that was previously too cold for it due to global temperature rise.
When it comes to the American major leagues, Rule 1.10(a) stipulates that the bat must be a smooth, round stick with a diameter of not more than 2.61 inches at its thickest point and a length of not more than 42 inches. The bat will be made from a single piece of solid wood. Bats are not permitted to be hollowed or corked — that is, to be filled with a foreign substance such as cork in order to lower their weight — under any circumstances. However, this theory was contested as being implausible on the Discovery Channel series MythBusters, when it was demonstrated that corking may enhance bat speed without significantly diminishing striking power.
Metal alloy bats are typically viewed as having the ability to strike a ball quicker and further with the same amount of force as wood bats.
Metal alloy bats have the ability to launch a ball up to 60 ft 6 in (18.44 m) out from a pitcher’s head at a velocity that is far too high for the pitcher to avoid being hit in the head by the ball in time.
High school baseball in the United States is played as follows:
- The bat’s diameter cannot be greater than 2 +5 8inches (67 mm) when measured in relation to its breadth and length. Its “drop” (the difference between inches of length and ounces of weight) must be no greater than 3: In order to be legal, a bat measuring 34 inches (863.6mm) in length must weigh at least 31 ounces (880 g). The bat may be made of any safe solid uniform material
- However, the National Federation of State High School Associationsrules specify that only “wood or non-wood” materials may be used in the construction of the bat. A BBCOR (Batted Ball Coefficient of Restitution) bat must be utilized in order for an aluminum bat to be legally used in a game. This is because it has been discovered that when this ratio is exceeded, a pitcher loses his capacity to protect himself.
Depending on the league (such as Little Leaguebaseball), the bat may not be larger than 2 14 inches (57 mm) in diameter for players aged 12 and younger, or less. However, in many other leagues (such as the PONY League Baseball and the Cal Ripken League Baseball), the diameter of the bat cannot be greater than 2 + 3 4 inches (70 mm). There are restrictions on how much and where a baseball player can use a baseball bat while applyingpine tarto to the ball. Rule 1.10(c) of the Major League Baseball Rulebook states that it is not permitted to be more than 18 inches above the bottom handle.
In succeeding years, rules 1.10 and 6.06 were amended to better represent the objective of Major League Baseball, as demonstrated by the league president’s decision.
Rule 6.06 only applies to bats that have been captured “altered or tampered with in such a way that the distance factor is improved or that the baseball exhibits an unexpected reaction This includes bats that have been filled, have a flat surface, have been nailed, have been hollowed, have been grooved, or have been coated with a material such as paraffin, wax, or other similar substance.” There is no longer any reference of a “illegally hit ball” in the document.
In 2001, the Major League Baseball permitted the use of Gorilla Gold Grip Enhancer in major and minor league games as a replacement to pine tar, which was previously prohibited.
Care and maintenance
A baseball bat that was used in a game and autographed by Tony Gwynn Players might be quite fussy about the bats that they use. All of Ted Williams’ baseball bats were cleaned with alcohol every night, and he carried them to the post office for frequent weighings. According to him, “bats gather up moisture and dirt that is laying about on the ground,” and they can acquire an ounce or more in a relatively short period of time. He also took great care to ensure that his bats did not gather moisture and so acquire weight by storing them in humidors, one of which was located in the clubhouse and another which was transportable for use on the road.
His explanation was that the sawdust serves as a “buffer” between the bats and the rest of the environment, absorbing any moisture before it can permeate into the wood.
In addition to animal bones, other materials such as rolling pins, soda bottles, and the edge of a porcelain sink have been utilized as boning materials.
He would soak them in a vat of motor oil in his basement and then hang them up to dry.
A fungo bat is a specifically constructed bat that is used for practice by baseball and softball coaches. There is no consensus on where the wordfungo() came from, although the Oxford English Dictionary thinks that it is derived from the Scottish fung, which means “to throw, toss, or fling.” A fungo is a baseball bat that is longer and lighter than a regular bat, and it has a lower diameter as well. In order to hit balls thrown into the air by the hitter, rather than pitched balls, the bat is built to do so.
During fielding practice, coaches hit a large number of balls, and the weight and length of the balls allow the coach to hit balls repeatedly with good precision.
- Baseball bats made of composite materials
- Pink baseball bats
- A list of baseball bat manufacturers
- Cricket bats
- Softball bats
- AbJenn Zambri. “Size Matters: The Top 10 “Biggest” Players in Major League Baseball History.” Bleacher Report is a sports news website. Beckham, Jeff (13 September 2015)
- Retrieved 13 September 2015
- (August 18, 2014). “Using an axe handle on a baseball bat gives you greater power and fewer injuries.” Wired.com. on the 31st of July, 2018, from McAuley, Grant (May 19, 2018). “The Braves’ Swanson has switched to an axe handle bat as his preferred weapon.” The Game 92.9 is a radio station that broadcasts games. Obtainable on July 31, 2018
- Jeff Passan is the author of this article (June 23, 2015). “Why Dustin Pedroia’s Axe Bat, Dustin Pedroia, may be instrumental in making the round handle obsolete.” Yahoo Sports is a sports news website. Accessed July 31, 2018
- AbPatterson, Brittany. “Baseball Bats Threatened by Invasive Beetle”. Retrieved July 31, 2018. Scientific American is a magazine dedicated to science and technology. Scientific American is a magazine dedicated to science and technology. Canadian Sports Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 3 (August 2008), p. 8 (Publication Mail Agreement40993003, Oakville, ON)
- “The Well Is Effectively Dead.” Retrieved on November 21, 2017. NPR.org, accessed September 20, 2010. Retrieved on September 13, 2015
- “MLB restricts use of several maple bats in lower leagues
- Safety concerns mentioned.” archive.li.com, September 11, 2012. Retrieved on September 13, 2015. The original version of this article was published on September 11, 2012. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Abcd”Wood science and how it applies to wooden baseball bats”.woodbat.org. Retrieved 14 July 2017. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- “Wood bats – on which “side” should the ball’s impact be?”.baseball-fever.com. Retrieved14 July2017
- Abc”Safety tests for maple bats mandated”.baseball-fever.com. Retrieved13 September2015
- Abc”Wood bats – on which “side” should the ball’s impact be?”.baseball-fever.com. Major League Baseball is a professional baseball league in the United States. The following website was accessed on July 14, 2017: “Hitting with Wood”.woodbat.blogspot.com. 3rd of March, 2009. “Maple and Ash Baseball Bats May Strike Out,” according to a report published on July 14, 2017. NPR.org published an article on July 4, 2008, titled Retrieved13 September2015
- s ^abc”Babe Ruth modified design of bats to thinner handle”. Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington) (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. March 11, 1979. p. C5
- s ^ Mann, Brian. “A Beetle May Soon Strike Out Baseball’s Famous Ash Bats”. NPR.org. NPR. Retrieved21 November2017
- s ^”Official Baseball Rules”(PDF) (PDF). Major League Baseball is a professional baseball league in the United States. Retrieved2012-05-07
- s ^ Mythbusters, season 5 (Corked Bat)
- s ^”National Collegiate Athletic Association Standard for Testing Baseball Bat Performance”(PDF).acs.psu.edu. October 30, 2006. RetrievedJuly 14,2017
- s ^”Bat-testing regulations modified”Archived10 December 2008 at theWayback Machine
- s ^”Baseball Rules Committee Focuses on Clarification of Bat Standards and Sportsmanship During Pre-Game Practice”Archived24 May 2008 at theWayback Machine
- s ^NCHSAA Baseball ArchivedJuly 6, 2010, at theWayback Machine
- s ^ 2007 RegulationRule ChangesArchivedSeptember 26, 2008, at theWayback Machine
- s ^”2017 Rules and Regulations for PONY Baseball”(PDF).bsbproduction.s3.amazonaws.com. RetrievedJuly 14,2017
- s ^ Heiss Grodin, Dana (March 7, 2001). (March 7, 2001). “Equipment and product guide”. USA Today. Archived fromthe originalon March 4, 2016
- s ^ Lee, Sandra L. (December 27, 2001). (December 27, 2001). “For now, the mansion stands”. Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1A. RetrievedNovember 7,2012
- “Size Matters: The Top 10 “Biggest” Players in Major League Baseball History.” Blacher Report is an online publication that covers sports and entertainment. Burton, Jeff
- Beckham, Jeff (13 September 2015)
- (August 18, 2014). “Using an axe handle on a baseball bat gives you greater power and less injuries.” Wired.com. Grant McAuley’s retrieved on July 31, 2018
- (May 19, 2018). “Braves’ Swanson’s new preferred weapon is an axe-handled bat.” The Game 92.9 is a radio station broadcasting in the United States and internationally. on the 31st of July, 2018
- Jeff Passan’s name is Passan. He is a lawyer (June 23, 2015). What Dustin Pedroia’s Axe Bat may do to make the round handle obsolete is explained in this article. Sporting News on Yahoo! “Baseball Bats Threatened by Invasive Beetle,” according to Patterson, Brittany. Retrieved July 31, 2018. Scientific American is a magazine that publishes research and analysis on scientific subjects. Scientific American is a magazine that publishes research and analysis on scientific subjects. Canadian Sports Magazine, Vol. 2, No. 3 (August 2008), p. 8 (Publication Mail Agreement40993003, Oakville, ON)
- “The Well Is Effectively Dead”. Retrieved on November 21, 2017. NPR.org published an article on September 20, 2010 about the importance of education. “MLB restricts use of several maple bats in lower leagues
- Safety concerns mentioned,” archive.li, September 11, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2015. On September 11, 2012, the original version was archived. CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Abcd”Wood science and how it applies to wooden baseball bats”.woodbat.org. Archived from the original on July 14, 2017. On September 13, 2015, Baseball Fever published “Wood Bats – On Which “Side” Should the Ball’s Impact Be?” on their website. On July 14, 2017, they published “Safety Tests for Maple Bats Mandated.” On September 13, 2015, Baseball Fever published a blog post entitled “Wood Bats – On Which “Side” Should the Ball’s Impact Be?” on their website. Major League Baseball is a professional baseball league in the United States that competes against other professional baseball leagues. “Hitting with Wood”, woodbat.blogspot.com, retrieved on July 14, 2017. “Hitting with Wood”. 3.03.2009 – The third of March. “Maple and Ash Baseball Bats May Strike Out,” according to the article published on July 14, 2017. NPR.org published an article on July 4, 2008, entitled abc”Babe Ruth modified the design of bats to have a thinner handle,” retrieved on September 13, 2015. Review by a spokesman (Spokane, Washington). The Associated Press published an article on March 11, 1979, on page C5
- Brian Mann is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom. “A Beetle May Soon Strike Out Baseball’s Famous Ash Bats,” reports the New York Times. NPR.org is the official website of National Public Radio. “Official Baseball Rules” were retrieved on November 21, 2017. (PDF). Major League Baseball is a professional baseball league in the United States that competes against other professional baseball leagues. 2012-05-07
- Retrieved 2012-05-07. Season 5 of Mythbusters features a “Corked Bat,” and the “National Collegiate Athletic Association Standard for Testing Baseball Bat Performance” (PDF) is available at acs.psu.edu as of October 30, 2006. Archived from the original on 10 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- “Baseball Rules Committee Focuses on Clarification of Bat Standards and Sportsmanship During Pre-Game Practice”Archived from the original on 24 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- “NCHSAA Baseball Rules Committee Focuses on Clarification of Bat Standards and Sportsmanship During Pre-Game Practice”Archived from the original on 24 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- “NCHSAA Baseball Rules Committee Focuses on Clarification of Bat Standards and Archived from the original on July 6, 2010, via the Wayback Machine
- 2007 RegulationRule ChangesArchivedSeptember 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- “2017 Rules and Regulations for PONY Baseball” (PDF).bsbproduction.s3.amazonaws.com. “2017 Rules and Regulations for PONY Baseball” (PDF).bsbproduction.s3.amazonaws.com. Obtainable on July 14, 2017
- Dana Heiss Grodin and Heiss Grodin (March 7, 2001). “Equipment and product information.” According to USA Today. The original version of this article was published on March 4, 2016. Sandra L. Lee is the author of this work (December 27, 2001). “For the time being, the mansion is still standing.” Lewiston Morning Tribune, p. 1A. Lewiston, Maine. Obtainable on November 7, 2012