How to Calculate Slugging Percentage
Documentation Download Documentation Download Documentation While a home run counts the same as a single in terms of batting average, slugging percentage takes into consideration the actual number of bases that are scored. However, despite its name, this statistic is really an average rather than a percentage. A player who has a high slugging percentage is one who scores a high number of bases per opportunity at the plate.
- Read More About ItRead More About It The difference between batting average and slugging percentage is that the former takes into account the number of bases scored while the latter takes into account the number of hits. As opposed to its name, this statistic is really an average rather than a percentage. In addition to scoring more bases per opportunity at bat, a player with a high slugging percentage also hits more home runs.
- 1 Recognize the importance of slugging percentage. This statistic, which is also known as slugging average, SA, or SLG, represents a player’s average number of bases per bat. It is reasonable to assume that the typical outcome for a player with a (unrealistic) slugging percentage of 1 was a single.
- This only counts the amount of bases gained by hits, not the number of bases gained through walks or being hit by a pitch. It is more accurate to estimate offensive power if the bases are not taken into consideration because they are beyond the control of the hitter.
- 2 Determine the total number of singles. Singles are not included in the majority of player statistics, however it is possible to determine this from other statistics. First, combine all of the hits that aren’t singles together, such as home runs, triples, and doubles. To find the number of Singles, subtract your answer from the total number of Hits.
- For example, Willie McCovey’s career statistics include 521 home runs, 46 triples, and 353 doubles, for a total of 920 points. Calculate the number of singles by subtracting 920 from his total career hits (2211), which is 1291.
- s3 Determine the total number of bases. In order to get the total number of bases, add together (Singles) + (2 x Doubles) + (3 x Triples) + (4 x Home Runs) to obtain the total number of bases.
- William McCovey collected a total of 4219 bases, which is equivalent to (1291) + (2 x 353) + (3 x 46) + (4 x 521) = 1291 + 706+ 138+ 2084 = 4219 bases total.
- 4 Divide your answer by the number of at bats. The slugging percentage is calculated by dividing the total number of bases by the total number of at bats.
- Considering Willie McCovey had 8197 at bats during his career, his career slugging percentage is 4219 divided by 8197 = 0.5147. (rounded to 0.515). With a bit more than one base on every two at bats, he was able to put together an impressive stat line
- 1 Use a quicker approach to determine the total number of bases. The approach described above is the simplest to comprehend, but it necessitates the use of additional arithmetic to determine the number of singles. Here’s a method to bypass that step and instead determine the total number of bases by utilizing Hits: Total bases are calculated as follows: hits + doubles + (2 x triples) + (3 x home runs).
- All of the singles are taken care of by one base every hit, which is why it works. Due to the fact that this also gives one base for each double, you simply need to add one additional base for each double to get at the final result. Similarly, for triples and home runs, add two additional bases and three further bases respectively.
- 2Divide by the number of at bats. As previously stated, the slugging percentage is equal to the total bases divided by the total number of at bats. Advertisement
- Adding Slugging Percentage to On Base Percentage is a good way to start. The resulting statistic, On Base Plus Slugging (OPS), takes into consideration the most essential offensive statistics. Baseball statistics do not believe this to be an accurate measure of offensive power, but it is a fast and simple method to compare offensive power.
- OPS+ is a less widely used statistic that takes into account the league and the park where the player plays. The formula for calculating OPS+ changes every year, with 100 being the league average.
- 2 Adjust the slugging percentage to the appropriate league. This statistic was created just for the baseball encyclopediaTotal Baseball and is rarely seen anywhere else in baseball. If you want to compare players from various years, this is a more accurate method to use, although it may be difficult to find the information you need to compute it:
- Adjusted production (APRO) is calculated as follows: (On Base Percentage / League OBP) + (Slugging Average / League SA) – 1
- (On Base Percentage / League OBP) = (On Base Percentage / League OBP) + (Slugging Average / League SA) = (On Base Percentage / League OBP) + (Slugging Average / League SA) = (On Base Percentage / League SA) + It is the average of all players’ stats for the whole season that is used to calculate the League statistics. The statistics are occasionally adjusted to account for variances across parks, as well as other factors.
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- Question The first year of high school for my kid has seen him bat 78 times, with only two strikeouts in that time. Is there any significance to this? That’s a really high strikeout %, so he’s doing an excellent job right now. Nevertheless, when it comes to batting or slugging percentage, strikeouts are treated exactly the same as any other type of out. Question Why not simply divide the number of times a hitter reaches base by the number of at-bats? That will work provided you know the player’s total plate appearances, rather than just his “official” at-bats
- Otherwise, it will not work at all. Question What is the best way to determine out base percentages? The following formula should be used: the total of the player’s hits plus the number of times he walked plus the number of times he was hit by a pitch divided by the sum of the player’s official at-bats plus his walks plus the number of times he was hit by a pitch plus his sacrifices (bunts and flies)
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- This statistic, like many others in baseball, is frequently shown without a decimal point. An SLG of 300 indicates that the team is averaging 0.300 bases per at bat, not three hundred. At bats do not include all plate appearances
- Rather, they include just those in which the hitter attempts to advance to the next base. It makes no difference whether or not an individual gets a walk or makes a sacrifice play
- A player’s slugging percentage remains same.
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About This Article
Summary of the articleXThe following formula can be used to compute slugging percentage: SP is calculated as total bases minus at bats, where total bases is the number of bases the player moved as a result of hits and at bats is the number of times the player was up to bat. To get the total number of bases, apply the following formula: total bases = hits + doubles + (2x triples) + home runs (3x home runs). Then, using the value you obtained, enter it into the original formula and solve for the player’s slugging % to determine his or her performance.
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In baseball statistics, slugging percentage (SLG) is a measure of a batter’s ability to generate runs with his bat. It is calculated as total bases divided by the number of at bats for a given player using the following formula, where ABis the number of at bats for a given player and 1B, 2B, 3B, and HRare the number of singles, doubles, triples, and home runs, respectively: 1B, 2B, 3B, and HRare the number of singles, doubles, triples, and home runs In contrast to batting average, slugging % provides greater credit to extra-base hits, like as doubles and home runs, as compared to singles in the same game.
- This formula does not include plate appearances that result in walks, hit-by-pitches,interference, catcher’s sacrifice bunts, or flies, because such an appearance is not considered to be anat bat in this case (these are not factored into batting average either).
- In mathematics, it is a scale of measurement whose calculated value ranges from 0 to 4.
- A double is worth twice as much as a single, a triple is worth three times as much as a home run, and a home run is worth four times as much as a single.
- In order to avoid confusion, it’s sometimes referred to as “slugging average” or “slugging” instead.
If the slugging percentage is.589, it would be said as “five eighty nine,” and it would be spoken as “eleven twenty seven” if it were 1.127.
Facts about slugging percentage
It is a measure of a batter’s hitting output in baseball statistics, and it is abbreviated as SLG. To calculate it, divide the total bases divided by the number of at bats, using the following formula, where ABis the number of at bats for a given player and 1B1, 2B3, 3B, and HRare the numbers of singles, doubles, triples, and home runs, respectively: 1B1, 2B3, 3B, and HRare the numbers of singles, doubles, triples, and home runs. If you compare extra-base hits such as doubles and home runs to singles, slugging percentage gives greater weight to the extra-base hits.
- The statistic is not a percentage, as the name implies, but rather an average of how many bases a hitter accumulates every at bat.
- When a scale of measurement is computed, it produces a number between zero and four as its result.
- A double has twice the value of a single, a triple has three times the value of a home run, and a home run has four times the value of a single, according to the statistical formulae.
- (of bases achieved per at bat out of total bases possible).
- Unless otherwise specified, a slugging percentage is always represented as adecimal with three decimal points and is often pronounced as if it were multiplied by 1000.
Take, for example, Babe Ruth, who made his major league debut in 1920 with the New York Yankees. After 458 at-bats, Ruth collected 172 hits, which included 73 singles, 36 doubles, 9 triples, and 54 home runs, for a grand total of 388 bases. Ruth had 73 singles, 36 doubles, 9 triples, and 54 home runs, for a grand total of 388 bases. His slugging percentage for the season is calculated by dividing his total number of bases (388) by his total number of at bats (458), which equals.847. This also established a new mark for Ruth, which held until 2001, when Barry Bonds amassed 411 bases in 476 at-bats, increasing his slugging percentage to.863, which has remained unsurpassed ever since.
Consider Babe Ruth’s first season with the New York Yankees in 1920, which marked his professional debut. After 458 at-bats, Ruth collected 172 hits, which included 73 singles, 36 doubles, 9 triples, and 54 home runs, for a grand total of 388 bases. Ruth had 73 singles, 36 doubles, 9 triples, and 54 home runs in 458 at-bats, for a grand total of 388 base hits. His slugging percentage for the season is calculated by dividing his total number of bases (388) by his total number of at bats (458).
A record was also set for Ruth that held until 2001 when Barry Bonds batted 411 bases in 476 at bats, raising his slugging percentage to.863, which has been unsurpassed since then.
Perfect slugging percentage
There is a numerical limit of 4.000 slugging percentages that can be achieved. A significant number of Big League Baseball players (117 as of the conclusion of the 2016 season) have achieved a 4.000 career slugging percentage in their first major league at bat by homering in their first major league at bat.
- Slugging % leaders in Major League Baseball throughout their whole careers
- And more.
- Slugging % leaders in Major League Baseball throughout their whole careers
- And other metrics
Using real-life Cardinal players’ figures, this is the first piece in a series I’m starting that will cover baseball statistics, both traditional and new, and will use real-life Cardinal players as examples. The goal is to both explain the statistic and provide an example of how it might be used in real life. I hope it will be used as a learning tool as well as a spark for conversation among people. Firstly, I would want to make it clear that I am not presenting myself as an expert in any field; far from it.
- However, if you do decide to notify me, please do it in a kind manner (ideally with a source) rather than by telling me that I am too stupid to survive.
- Also, be certain that you are not making a mistake before you launch into me.
- Fangraphs.com will be used for the majority of my stats.
- When I do utilize BR, I will make it clear; if I do not, presume that the stat comes from Fangraphs or another source.
- Carlos Beltran (3) of the St.
- Brad Mills of USA TODAY Sports is required for this image.
- At-bats are divided by the number of hits a player receives, and the result is determined as Batting Average (BA) for that player.
The most significant flaw with BA is that it simply evaluates the amount of hits, not the quality of those hits.
When it comes to baseball, scoring runs and, towards the end of nine innings, scoring more runs than your opponent are both vital objectives to achieve.
Over the course of a season, a player who hits home runs will create more runs than a guy who strikes out more often.
The slugging percentage is derived by dividing the total number of bases by the total number of at bats during the season.
It is written as (1B) +(2 x 2B) + (3 x 3B) + (4 x HR) divided by AB.
When analyzing a player’s offensive performance in terms of hits, it is never wise to depend just on his or her BA; doing so would result in a severely biased and erroneous judgment of the player’s or player’s offensive abilities.
Carlos Beltran graduated with a BA of.269 and an SLG of.495 in 2012, while Skip Schumaker graduated with a BA of.276 and an SLG of.368.
Schumaker has a BA that is comparable to Beltran’s, but his SLG is far lower than Beltran.
The disparity between these two numbers in this case highlights why BA alone does not provide a comprehensive picture of a hitter’s offensive abilities.
In terms of the number of runs a player can create, which is the difference between winning and losing, that difference is substantial.
Those numbers will be covered in another post.
Those who wish to comprehend the complicated nature of major league baseball hitting will need to go below the surface and delve much farther into the subject.
There’s one more thing.
Statistic, what those numbers imply, and how they might be used are all topics covered in this series.
It makes no difference if one player is rougher, friendlier, or has better facial hair than the other. We can have a discussion about it someplace else. I hope you enjoy this series, and I look forward to hearing your thoughts.
What Is Slugging Percentage in Baseball? The Ultimate Guide
In baseball, huge hits are responsible for a large number of the game’s most thrilling plays. When a hitter hits a double into the corner of the infield, a triple into the alley, or a home run over the wall, it is called a double. Slugging % is a famous statistic that stresses the importance of swinging for the fences, and it is indicative of the sorts of plays that get spectators out of their seats and on their feet. So, what is the slugging % in this case? Extra-base hits, such as doubles, triples, and home runs, are calculated using the slugging percentage statistic, which indicates how successful a batter is at hitting these types of hits.
The statistic is determined by taking the total number of bases and dividing it by the number of at bats.
Let’s go a little more into the statistic:
What Is Slugging Percentage in Baseball?
The purpose of slugging % is to attribute a figure to a hitter’s ability to drive the ball and rack up extra-base hits, and this is accomplished via the use of advanced statistics. Despite the fact that the statistic is known as “slugging percentage,” the term is a little misleading because it is really a ratio, or what is known as a “rate stat,” rather than a genuine percentage. A batter’s slugging percentage (often abbreviated as SLUG or SLG, or simply referred to as “slugging”) is calculated by dividing the total number of bases or the total number of bases earned in all of his hits by the total number of official at bats.
It comes down to determining the average number of bases that a batter would gain for every official at bat, which means that both the ability to collect extra-base hits and the ability to do so on a consistent basis are important factors in achieving a high slugging percentage in the game of baseball.
How Do You Calculate Slugging Percentage in Baseball?
bmcent1 courtesy of Canva.com Two pieces of information are required in order to compute an individual’s slugging percentage: the total number of at bats the player has had and the total number of bases he has amassed. The slugging percentage formula is rather straightforward, and it is derived by dividing the total number of bases scored by the total number of at bats taken. Total bases are calculated by taking a batter’s total number of hits and adding one additional base for each double, two more bases for each triple, and three additional bases for each home run.
- One important point to keep in mind while calculating slugging % is that it only considers legitimate at bats and not unauthorized at bats.
- Bases on balls (walks), hit-by-pitch, sacrifice bunts, and sacrifice flies are all deleted from the at bat ledger for the sake of keeping track of the number of at bats.
- For practice, let’s look at how to compute a hitter’s slugging percentage: Consider the following scenario: a hitter has 235 plate appearances, but has only walked 20 times and has been hit by five pitches.
- Due to the omission of the last four columns (20+5+5+5), the number of at bats for the batter will be 200 instead of 200+5.
- To calculate total bases, start with the 60 hits and then add 10 for doubles (one base for each), another 10 for triples (two bases apiece), and 30 for home runs to get the total (three bases each).
- Finally, if you split 110 total bases by 200 at bats, you get a slugging percentage of 0.55, which is a good result.
It will be expressed as.550 because that statistic is typically always written with three decimals, which means that our sample batter will average.55 total bases per at bat on average. The question is whether that is a reasonable number or not.
What Is a Good Slugging Percentage in Baseball?
The fact that slugging % is a rate statistic means that it is subject to up-and-down variations in Major League Baseball as the league’s conditions change. It is possible that these changes will take the form of a changed composition of the actual baseball, regulation changes, new ballparks (with different dimensions), altering trends in pitcher use, or even weather that is poorer than typical throughout the season. Despite this, there is a very well-defined threshold for what constitutes a “good” slugging percentage.
- Similarly, heading towards the extremes, a slugging percentage of.350 is considered bad, while a slugging percentage of.650 is considered excellent.
- On the opposite end of the scale, 119 hitters have produced a slugging percentage below.350 since 2005, which is the most recent period available.
- For example, eight players have had a slugging average greater than.650 in a season since 2005.
- The opposite is true for the 119 guys who batted below.350 in a season; just one of them, Luis Castillo, managed to bat above.300 in 2009, batting.302 as a result of his only 16 extra-base hits for the whole season.
- Another interesting fact about that ranking is that only 15 of the 119 players hit 10 or more home runs that season, with no one reaching more than sixteen.
History of Slugging Percentage
Yobro10, courtesy of Canva.com However, even though it is a relatively new statistic when compared to many of the more established metrics, slugging percentage has been in widespread usage for several decades. The term “total bases average,” which is a forerunner to slugging %, was first used in 1867 by Henry Chadwick to describe a player’s total bases per game. The current slugging percentage, which is calculated based on total bases per at bat rather than total bases per game, became an official National League statistic in 1923 and an official American League statistic in 1946.
Chadwick also pointed out that many hits in those days were exacerbated by errors because fielders did not wear gloves at the time.
Since one of the earliest documented mainstream uses of slugging percentage was on the back of Ralph Kiner’s 1952 Bowman baseball card, which noted that he had been the National League leader in slugging percentage the previous year, popular usage would be decades away.
Due to the fact that slugging % is now a widespread phrase in the baseball language, you’ll be able to tell more accurately when you see it on a player’s stat line whether the player is more of an average batter, or more of an elite slugger.
Career Slugging Percentage Leaders
In terms of career slugging percentage, the following are the top five:
- Joe DiMaggio had a career slugging percentage of.5821, while Babe Ruth had one of the best in baseball history at.6897. Ted Williams had a career slugging percentage of.6338, while Lou Gehrig had one of the best at.6324. Jimmie Foxx has one of the best in baseball history at.6093, while Barry Bonds has one of the best at 6069. Hank Greenberg has one of the best in baseball history at
What Is On Base Percentage?
When a hitter makes it to base more than once per plate appearance, this is known as the on base percentage (OBP). It is possible to get on base % by counting walks, hits, and hit-by-pitch, but it does not include errors, fielder’s choice, dropped strike three, fielder’s obstruction, catcher’s interference, and sacrifice bunts, among other things.
Odds and Ends About Slugging Percentage
- Barry Bonds established the record for the greatest single-season slugging percentage in 2001 with an.863 mark. Bonds amassed 411 total bases in only 476 at-bats that season, including a Major League-leading 73 home runs, which set a new record for the most in a single season. Additionally, Bonds’ batting average for the season was.328, shattering Babe Ruth’s 81-year-old single-season record of.847, which had been held since 1920. Bonds and Ruth are the only men to have achieved the top six slugging percentages in a season, with each of them claiming three of those illustrious campaigns. They are also the only players in Major League Baseball history to have a slugging percentage greater than.800 in a single season, with each of them accomplishing this feat twice
- The highest single-season slugging percentage for a team in history is.495, achieved by the 2019 Houston Astros, who hit a combined total of 288 home runs. Additionally, the 2019 Minnesota Twins and 2019 New York Yankees both posted.494 and.490 batting averages, which were the second and fourth greatest records in Major League Baseball history, respectively. Because they had the greatest batting average of the three teams, the Astros had the highest batting average, hitting.274
- While the Red Sox had the lowest batting average, hitting.238.
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Slugging Percentage (SLG) Calculator – Captain Calculator
It measures a hitter’s base-running efficiency in relation to the number of times he or she has faced the batter at the plate. A greater slugging percentage indicates that the hitter is hitting for more total bases with each at-bat at bat.
Formula – How to calculateSLG
Slugging Percentage (SLG) is calculated as (1 base hits + (2 x 2 base hits) + (3 x 3 base hits) + (4 x home runs)) at bats divided by the number of base hits.
Suppose a hitter has been at bat 127 times and has produced: 20 one-base hits, 5 two-base hits, 1 three-base hit, and 4 home runs over that time period. 20, 1 base hits = 20 x 1 = 20.5, 2 base hits = 5 x 2 = 10.1, 3 base hits = 1 x 3 = 3. 20 1 base hits = 20 x 1 = 20.5, 3 base hits = 1 x 3 = 3. 4 home runs is 4 times 4 which equals 16. The total bases earned are 20 + 10 + 3 + 16 = 49.49 x 127 at bats = 0.386 total bases earned. As a result, the batter’s slugging percentage is 0.386 as a whole.
Sources and more resources
- In the Wikipedia pages for Slugging Percentage, Hit (Baseball), and At Bat, you will find information about the statistics that are used to calculate SLG. The following are baseball SLG statistics from ESPN and Baseball-Reference
- Baseball rules and baseball statistics from Major League Baseball, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (Baseball), the National Collegiate Athletic Association (Softball), the National Collegiate Athletic Association (Baseball and Softball), the National Federation of High Schools (NFHS), and the International Baseball Federation
Slugging percentage – BR Bullpen
The slugging percentage (abbreviated as SLG and sometimes known as the slugging average) is the number of total bases divided by the number of at bats in a game. It has the following formula: (+++)/At bats are distinct from plate appearances. (+++)/At Bats is a formula that is equivalent. This method is less straightforward, but it is frequently more handy because assingles are not always provided (although they could easily be deduced). The number of singles may be calculated using the following equation, because they are just hits that do not result in extra bases.
In baseball, slugging percentage (abbreviated as SLG and sometimes known as slugging average) is the number of total bases divided by the total number of at bats. Plate appearances are distinct from at bats, according to the formula (+++)/At bats (+++)/At Bats is an analogous formula. Assingles are frequently not provided in this method, which makes it less obvious but more handy (although they could easily be deduced). Because singles are merely hits that do not result in extra bases, the following equation may be used to calculate them: (Received a total of 0 hits)
HOW TO CALCULATE SLUGGING PERCENTAGE
Slugging percentage is computed by adding up all of the bases and dividing it by the number of at bats.
**Number of (Singles+ + +) divided by At-Bats.**
Slugging %, also known as slugging average, is defined as the number of total bases reached per at-bat. A single, a double, a triple, and a home run are all worth one base each. A single, a double, a triple, and a home run are all worth four bases each. Once you get them all, you may add them together. Take that amount and divide it by the number of At-Bats. Here’s an illustration of what I mean: Junior has a total of 75 at bats. He has 23 singles, 12 doubles, three triples, and five home runs to his credit.
- This indicates that he gets on base on average once for every at bat.
- Instructions on How to Calculate On Base Plus Slugging (OPS) On base plus slugging percentage (OBP+SLG) can be calculated by adding together on base percentage (OBP) and slugging percentage (SLG) (OPS).
- In terms of hitting statistics, on base plus slugging is my favorite since it equalizes the importance of getting on base and power, which are the two most essential things to monitor for your batters.
- In the Major Leagues, what is a decent slugging percentage (SLG) to maintain?
- During that time period, the league’s top scorers have averaged approximately.650.
- It really depends on the age and the league in which you play.
- Over the previous 20 years, the average slugging percentage (OPS) in Major League Baseball has been around.744.
- Is a fielder’s choice taken into consideration when calculating slugging percentage?
- Take our baseball scenarios quiz to see how well you know the game.
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A few real-life examples that will show you how to find the slugging percentage
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What is Slugging Percentage (SLG) in Baseball?
We rely on the generosity of our readers. If you make a purchase after clicking on one of our affiliate links, we may receive a commission. In addition, we get commissions from eligible Amazon sales because we are an Amazon affiliate. It is becoming increasingly apparent to baseball fans across the world that the game they have learned to love over the years is changing significantly. A game that was formerly dictated by what transpired on the field is slowly but steadily shifting to become increasingly reliant on statistical analysis and analysis of data.
- A hitter’s output was once measured by his batting average and home runs, and pitchers were assessed by their wins and earned run average.
- In today’s game, knowing baseball statistics has never been more important, and understanding what those numbers imply is essential to comprehending the game.
- The slugging percentage of a batter is a statistic that is used to assess the power output of a hitter.
- In a situation when all hits are equal, slugging percentage lends greater weight to extra base hits than batting average.
An Example on How to Caculate Slugging Percentage (SLG)
Here is an example using two fictitious players, designated as Player A and Player B.
For the sake of simplicity, we will assume that both players have precisely 100 at-bats (AB). In this example, Player A has more hits (H) than Player B, resulting in a better batting average (BA) for Player A. If you want to know what their slugging percentage is, you may apply the following formula: SLG is equal to 1B(1) + 2B(2) + 3B(3) + HR(4) / AB. Because the numerator in this formula represents the total number of bases, all singles are multiplied by one in the denominator. Doubles are multiplied by two, triples are multiplied by three, and home runs are multiplied by a factor of four.
Let us pretend that both players have exactly 100 at-bats in order to make things simple for ourselves (AB). Because Player A has more hits (H) than Player B, his batting average (BA) is greater than Player B, as seen in the chart. This is the formula we will use to determine their slugging percentage: A SLG is equal to 1B(1) + 2B(2) + 3B(3) + HR(4) divided by the number of balls in the game (AB). Due to the fact that the numerator of this formula equals the total number of bases, all singles are multiplied by one in this equation.
Player A’s slugging percentage may be calculated as follows: The SLG is 25(1) + 5(2) + 1(3) + 1(4) / 100 = SLG.25+ 10 + 3 + 4 / 100 = SLG.42 / 100 =.420 The SLG is 25(1) plus 5(2) + 1(3) + 1(4) / 100 = SLG.25 + 10 + 3 + 4 / 100 = SLG.42 / 100 =.420 The SLG is 25(1) + 5(2) + 1(3) + 1(4) Calculate Player B’s slugging percentage by using the following formula.
The History of Slugging Percentage
The slugging % has been around since the early 1950s, however it took some time for the statistic to achieve prominence in the sport of baseball. The former Los Angeles Dodgers executive Branch Rickey is not only credited with helping to break down the color barrier in Major League Baseball by signing Jackie Robinson, but he is also credited with developing the formula that is now used to calculate a hitter’s slugging percentage. Rickey, on the other hand, cannot be attributed with the discovery of this statistic on his own.
Roth and Rickey came up with the term “Extra Base Power” (EBP) to describe a more accurate manner of evaluating a hitter’s output at the time.
This statistic would subsequently be known as slugging percentage, and it achieved widespread recognition as a result of Bill James’ SABRmetrics, in which he utilized it to build his own calculation known as “Runs Created,” which became popular (explained later).
How Slugging Percentage is Used to Make Decisions
A club’s slugging percentage may be utilized in a variety of ways to assist coaches, scouts, and executives in making decisions — whether they be personnel or in-game decisions — that will help them put together the finest baseball team possible on the field. In the video included in the “Example” section above, the coach discusses how slugging percentage may be utilized to determine how to arrange a batting lineup. The players with the greatest slugging % should be assigned to the positions in the lineup where the coach wants his most potent power threats to be found, and vice versa.
A more sophisticated application of slugging percentage is the calculation of a player’s on-base percentage (OPS) (on-base plus slugging percentage).
Let’s go back to Players A and B and determine their overall point differential.
Player A’s OBP and SLG (.408 +.420) were simply combined together, whereas Player B’s OBP and SLG (.347 +.540) were added together to obtain their OPS. As you can see, Player B is still somewhat more important than Player A in terms of getting on base and displaying power when comparing their on-base percentages and on-base percentages. (For more information on on-base percentage, see the article “What is a Good On-Base Percentage (OBP) in Baseball” for further information.) It is possible for professional sports recruiters and executives to utilize this statistic to assess a player’s prospective effect on their respective teams.
Another even more complex application of slugging percentage is found in the Bill James’ Runs Created method, which is frequently employed by professional teams when making personnel choices (referenced earlier).
In this case, the formula is as follows: /= New Runs Have Been Created Let’s also compute the Runs Created for Players A and B for the sake of completeness.
Player A:/= RC/= RC/= 17.16 Player B:/= RC/= RC/= 17.16 Player B:/= RC/= RC/= 14.61; Player A:/= RC/= RC/= 14.61; Player C:/= RC/= 14.61; This demonstrates how much more complicated analytics may be, as well as how organizations who are led by SABRmetrics are more inclined to prioritize Player A above Player B. The slugging % has established itself as a metric that is more useful than the batting average for those in charge of making in-game and personnel decisions, regardless of how it is calculated.
Slugging Percentage Records
Dennis Sylvester Hurd captured this image.
The following are the top five lifetime slugging percentage leaders in the history of Major League Baseball:
- Dennis Sylvester Hurd took this photograph. There have been five players in Major League Baseball history who have had the highest career slugging percentages:
Dennis Sylvester Hurd took the photograph. Listed below are the top five all-time slugging percentage leaders in the history of Major League Baseball:
- The following players had a.974 batting average: Josh Gibson (1937), Mule Suttles (1926), Charlie Smith ( 1929), Josh Gibson (1943), Barry Bonds (2001), and Mule Suttles (2001).
As can be seen from this list, several of these players achieved these achievements during years when slugging percentage was not even taken into consideration. Fortunately, baseball historians have gone back in time and given them the recognition they rightfully deserve. In the Major League Baseball (MLB), there have only been four seasons in the previous thirty years in which the league’s slugging percentage as a whole fell below.400. The slugging percentage for this season is currently.402, which is a decrease from the slugging percentage for the last complete Major League season, which was.435, which was in 2019.
This might be owing to the fact that pitchers have been more dominating in recent years.
Frequently Asked Questions
In baseball, the slugging percentage is intended to measure a hitter’s ability to generate power when the ball enters the field of play. Walking and hitting by pitches are important statistics to track, but they do not reveal a player’s power potential. This was the impetus for the creation of OPS.
Do professional scouts use slugging percentage in drafting players?
College players’ slugging percentage will very certainly be taken into consideration when determining whether or not they are worthy of being selected by the major leagues in the draft. It is possible that high school statistics will not be taken into consideration as much when picking high school athletes since they are less dependable.
Is it possible for a slugging percentage to be over 1.000?
Yes, it is feasible for a player to slug more than 1.000 in a single game. The majority of a player’s hits would have to be extra-base hits in order for this to be possible.
What is a perfect slugging percentage?
A perfect slugging percentage is equal to 4.000 percent. In order to achieve this, a player must never be struck out and must only hit home runs on the season. This is practically difficult to achieve during the course of a season’s worth of games. Also see: How to Clean a Baseball Cap with Cardboard Bills for more information. The 5 Most Effective Pocket Radar Guns A high school baseball season lasts for around six weeks. What is a Walk-Off Home Run, and how does it work? (Explained)
How to Calculate OPS in Baseball
One of the best slugging percentages ever recorded is 4.000. The only way to do this is for a player to never be out and to exclusively hit home runs. For a season’s worth of play, this is almost impossible. Also see: How to Clean a Baseball Cap with Cardboard Bills for further information. Pocket Radar Guns: The 5 Best Options A high school baseball season lasts approximately how many weeks or months? When do you walk off the field after hitting a long home run? (Explained)
1. Understanding and Calculating On Base Percentage
A perfect slugging percentage is equal to 4.000 points. In order to achieve this, a player must never be struck out and must only hit home runs in the game.
Over the course of a season, this is almost impossible. Also see: How to Clean a Baseball Cap with a Bunch of Cardboard Bills The 5 Best Pocket Radar Weapons What is the length of a high school baseball season? What is a Walk-Off Home Run, and how does it happen? (Explained)
2. Understanding and Calculating Slugging Percentage
The slugging percentage, abbreviated as SLG, is the other important statistic in the calculation of the OPS. Although similar to calculating on-base percentage (OBP), SLG is used to assess the overall quality of hits made by a player rather than amount of base hits made. It does this by giving a numerical value to each base (single = 1, double = 2, etc.) and assessing the type of hit a player receives when he smacks the ball. The formula for calculating SLG is Singles + Doubles x 2 + Triples x 3, + Home Runs x 4 divided by the number of at bats.
3. Calculating and Understanding OPS
So, now that we’ve learned how to compute OBP and SLG, it’s important to remember that OPS is basically On Base Percentage plus Slugging, which makes it much simpler to calculate. To compute on-base percentage and slugging % for a player, multiply their on-base percentage by their slugging percentage. For example, a player with an OBP of.280 and an SLG of.500 will have an OPS of.780 if he also has an OBP of.280 and an SLG of.500. This statistic practically reflects the best of both worlds between the two statistics because it evaluates both the amount of time a player spends on base and the quality of their hits.
Baseball Slugging Percentage Calculator – SLG Calculation
SLG = (Total bases) / (Total bases) (Number of official at bats) Where, Total bases are calculated as follows: (Home Runs * 4) + (Triples * 3) + (Doubles * 2) + Total bases are calculated as follows: (Singles) The number of official at bats equals the sum of home runs, triples, doubles, singles, and outs. Slugging average is a figure that expresses a player’s average effectiveness in generating extra-base hits. It is derived by dividing the total number of bases (from all singles, doubles, triples, and home runs) by the total number of official at bats, which is also known as slugging percentage.
- It is computed by dividing the total number of bases by the number of at bats.
- The Slugging Average of a player is defined as the total number of bases reached on hits divided by the total number of official times at bat.
- Calculate the SLG based on the information provided about the baseball game.
- Solution: Use the following formula: SLG = (Total bases) / (Total bases) (Number of official at bats) SLG is equal to 2.267.
How to Calculate Common MLB Baseball Statistics
At first look, baseball statistics may appear to be too complicated and difficult to understand. However, if you understand how to compute these values correctly, it becomes rather straightforward. Only the statistical data produced by players may be used to determine who the greatest and worst players are in a given matchup.
This will make it much easier for you to play baseball with a handicap. Let’s take a look at a variety of different baseball statistics, how they are calculated, and some of the all-time greats in each of these categories.
Baseball is one of the few games in which you may miss your target 70 percent of the time and still be regarded a reasonably strong batter, which is rare in other sports. Only 204 players in the history of Major League Baseball finished their careers with a hitting average greater than.300, according to Baseball Reference. So, how do you come up with this average number? Formula: The number of hits divided by the number of at-bats, rounded up to the third decimal place Ty Cobb, a baseball player who was known for his hustling, tenacity, and downright wrath on the field, holds the record for the best career batting average in Major League Baseball, with a.366 lifetime average.
Ted Williams, the legendary Boston Red Sox player who batted.344 in his career, including a season in which he batted.406, would be the recipient of this distinction.
On-base Percentage (OBP)
Batting average is only one method of determining a player’s overall performance at the plate. Another way to evaluate them is to look at their on-base percentage (OBP). The on-base percentage (OBP) takes into account not just hits, but also walks, hit by pitches, and sacrifices. On-base % honors players that not only get a lot of hits, but also earn a lot of walks as well as strike out a lot. Hits + walks + hit by pitch divided by (At-bats + Walks + Hit By Pitch + Sacrifices) is the formula for calculating runs scored.
Because teams were so concerned about giving up home runs to Bonds, they opted to purposely walk him instead of hitting him.
His on-base percentage of.609 in 2004 is the second-highest in the Major Leagues, trailing only his own mark of.609.
Once again, to put this figure into context, Todd Helton finished second to Bonds in the 2004 “OBP” rankings with a rating of.468.
Home Run Ratio
Calculating this number is a piece of cake for most people. In order to calculate this, you just multiply the amount of at-bats a player has by the number of home runs they have hit. At-bats divided by home runs is the formula. It shouldn’t come as a surprise that hall of fame sluggers like Mark McGwire (10.61), Babe Ruth (11.76), and Barry Bonds (12.92) rank at the top of the lifetime home run ratio leaderboard.
When calculating a batter’s total number of hits, the average is utilized. The proportion of time spent on base is used to quickly determine how many times they have reached base in general. Slugging %, on the other hand, is a measure of how many total bases a hitter generates with his or her bat. A single counts as one base, a double counts as two, a triple counts as three, and a home run counts as four. The greater the number of total bases you accumulate, the better your slugging percentage.
It’s not uncommon for the yearly slugging percentage leaders to end with a slugging percentage of 600 or higher. Barry Bonds established the single-season slugging percentage record in 2001 with a ludicrous.863 performance during his record-breaking 73-home run season.
Known as one of the more sophisticated hitting statistics available, Isolated Power is a means to determine the raw power output of each hitter. Separating the hitter’s slugging percentage from his or her batting average results in the calculation of isolated power. Slugging Percentage less Batting Average equals Slugging Percentage. It’s similar to the Home Run Ratio leaderboard in that the lifetime Isolated Power leaders are a who’s who of Hall of Fame hitters. Babe Ruth, the most famous power hitter of all time, is the undisputed king of Isolated Power, having hit a home run in every game he played.
On-base plus Slugging (OPS)
The on-base percentage (OPS) of a batter is perhaps the most accurate way to assess his or her worth since it incorporates the critical features of getting on base (as in, not going out) and hitting for extra bases. It’s one of the statistics that, in my opinion, might provide you with a competitive advantage when betting on Major League Baseball. Formula: base percentage plus a percentage of the total. % of slugging An on-base percentage (OPS) of over.800 is generally regarded acceptable for most players, with great sluggers consistently exceeding.900 and occasionally breaking into the single digits.
Earned Run Average (ERA)
Some statistics are adjusted to accommodate for the fact that baseball is a nine-inning game. ERA is one of these organizations. The earned run average (ERA) is a statistic that is mostly used to compare starting pitchers. It attempts to quantify how many runs a pitcher would allow in a game if they threw full nine innings. Using this formula: 9 multiplied by (Earned Runs Allowed divided by Innings Pitched) In the modern era, a starting pitcher with an earned run average (ERA) less than 3.50 is regarded above average.
Walks and Hits per Innings Pitched (WHIP)
In baseball, the WHIP statistic is used to evaluate a pitcher’s ability to restrict the number of base runners he or she allows. While some pitchers may not allow many hits, their high number of walks will cause their WHIP to rise significantly. WHIP considers both a line drive single and a 10-pitch walk to be precisely the same thing. The following formula is used: Walks plus hits divided by the number of innings pitched A WHIP of 1.20 or lower is considered excellent for beginning pitchers.
Mariano Rivera, the greatest bullpen pitcher in history, retired with a 1.01 WHIP at the conclusion of his career.
Saving a game is one of the most difficult statistics to calculate since it is awarded to the pitcher on a winning team who satisfies specific requirements. This is the criterion:
- He successfully completes the game. He is not the winning pitcher
- He is the losing pitcher. In addition, he pitches at least a third of an inning and meets one of the following requirements:
He pitches one whole inning and leaves the game with a lead of no more than three runs. 2. He enters the game with the tying run on base, at bat, or on deck, depending on the situation. 3. He throws at least three innings of work. In the contemporary game of baseball, relief pitchers, sometimes known as “closers,” are responsible for the great majority of saves, who pitch the final inning of a game if their team is ahead by three runs or fewer in the final inning of a game. Mariano Rivera holds the record for most saves in a career with 652.
If a relief pitcher is unable to earn a save, the next best thing is to earn a holding position. A hold happens when a reliever enters the game in a save situation, records at least one out, and then exits the game with his side still in the lead, according to the official rules. For him to be credited with a hold, his side must maintain a one-point advantage throughout his time on the field. In Major League Baseball, holds are an unofficial statistic because they are a relatively new statistic to track.